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Glossary


A

Abandonware

Abandonware is software that is shelved by its developer. As such, it is no longer updated nor supported so it may be rife with vulnerabilities.

Account harvesting

Account Zemana AntiMalware Premium 2.74.2.150 crack serial keygen is the process of gathering user accounts from a system, service, or database using a variety of methods, such as malware Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key phishing.

Account hijacking

Account hijacking is the process of taking over Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key online accounts, such as email and social media accounts.

Ad blocker

An ad blocker is Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key that blocks advertisements, including pop-ups, when a user visits websites.

Ad fraud

Ad fraud happens when advertisers pay for ads with false impressions, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. For more information, see this blog post on the difference between adware and ad fraud.

Synonym: Invalid traffic

Ad rotator

An ad rotator allows two or more ads to alternately show in the same place on a website. The rotator triggers whenever a user refreshes or revisits a site.

Add-in

An add-in is software that gives additional functionality to a device or another software.

Address bar

An address bar is the text box in your web browser that displays the web page URL or IP address. At times, it functions as a search bar if the user entered text that is an invalid URL.

Address bar spoofing

Address bar spoofing is a technique where the legitimate URL on a browser address bar is replaced with a rogue one. This then leads to potential data or financial theft.

Address Resolution Protocol (ARP)

An address resolution protocol (ARP) is the system or process of mapping or finding a physical address belonging to an IP address in the local network.

Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)

Developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) is a block cipher that provides fast, strong, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, and secure encryption of classified data. AES was created as an alternative to the Data Encryption Standard (DES), because it became vulnerable to brute-force attacks.

Synonym(s): Rijndael Block Cipher

Advanced persistent threat (APT)

An advanced persistent threat (APT) is a prolonged, targeted attack on a specific entity or entities with the intention of compromising their systems and gaining information from or about Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key more information, see our blog post on an in-depth look at advanced persistent threats and why cybersecurity professionals often groan Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key claims of APT attacks.

Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET)

The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was an experimental computer network, which later on became the basis for the Internet.

Adware

Adware, or advertising-supported software, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, is software that displays unwanted advertising Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key your computer device. For more information, see this Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key post on adware delivery methods.

Air gap

Air gap refers to computers that are incapable of physically connecting to Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key network or another computer that is connected to the internet, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. Air-gapped systems were believed to be more secure until Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key disproved this.

Other forms: Air gapping

Always-On

An always-on device, software, or network denotes that it is constantly accessible.

American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII)

The American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) is an encoding standard for electronic communication. Codes Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key the ASCII table represent text in computing devices.

Analog

In computing, analog is a term used to describe old-fashion and slow computers and other devices.

If used in the context of signals, an analog references to a mechanism or device where information is presented by variable physical quantities.

Android

Android is Google&#;s flagship operating system for smartphones and tablets. Manufacturers have adapted Android in televisions, smart-watches, cars, and many other electronic devices.

For an in-depth look at Android antivirus, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, see this page.

Android app

An Android app is a program designed for the Android OS.

Annoybot

Annoybot is software that repeats an annoying task. IRC bots, for example, are annoybots that send out unsolicited messages to participants in a channel.

Annoyware

Annoyware is software that continuously shows reminders or pop-up windows to remind users to perform a particular action, such Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key registering or buying software.

Synonyms: Nagware, Begware

Anomaly detection

Anomaly detection is identifying irregularities or deviations in patterns, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, data points, events, or observations that do not conform to the norm or Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key expectations of businesses or groups. Not all detected anomalies are malicious.

Synonym: Outlier detection

Anonymization

Anonymization is the action or an attempt to disable the ability to track back information or actions to a specific user.

Other forms: Anonymize

Anonymizer

An anonymizer is a tool that minimizes the amount of tracking done during surfing in an attempt to hide the true identity of the user.

Synonyms: Anonymous proxy

Anonymous

Anonymous, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, in computing, is to keep one’s true name and identity concealed online with the use of various applications.

Other forms: Anonymity

Anti-ransomware

Anti-ransomware is software specifically designed to combat ransomware. Such software could make use of specific techniques that general security tools don&#;t deploy.

Anti-virus (AV) killer

An AV killer is malicious code that disables the user&#;s anti-virus software to avoid detection. Sometimes, this term is used for malware that disables firewalls.

Synonym: Retrovirus

Antivirus

Antivirus is a term that originally described security software that checked files on a computer against a list of known malicious files. Today, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, &#;antivirus&#; refers much more broadly to security software that can detect, protect against, and remove malware from computers and mobile devices.

Synonyms: anti-malware

Applet

An applet is a piece of software that usually performs one specific task, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. Applets are often part of a more complex program.

Application programming interface (API)

An application programming interface (API), in simple terms, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, is a means for different software to talk to one another. It is the code that governs its server&#;s access points. APIs have many uses and take many forms.

Application security

Application security is the Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key of applying security measures to the software application. This has to be done to defend against threats and attacks from the outside that attempt to exploit the app.

Artificial intelligence (AI)

AI is a system&#;s or an application&#;s ability to correctly interpret and learn from data to achieve specific goals and tasks. For more information, see this blog post on how AI and machine learning can impact cybersecurity.

Synonym: Machine intelligence

Astroturfing

Astroturfing is the masking of initiatives by corporations, governments, or political parties to make a campaign appear spontaneous or initiated by civilian groups. Sometimes, masking the origin makes a campaign more effective or less controversial.

Asymmetric cryptography

Asymmetric cryptography is a system of secure communication that uses a pair of keys: a public key and a private key. A public key can be shared with anyone and publicly known, but only a private key must be kept secret and known only by the owner.

Synonym: Public-key cryptography

Attack vector

An attack vector feres to the technique used to obtain unauthorized access to a system or network. It is an integral part of vulnerability research to know which attack vector is or might be used.

Attribution

Attribution is the practice of taking forensic artifacts of a cyberattack and matching them to known threats against targets with Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key profile matching a particular organization. For an in-depth look, see our two-part blog series on when you should care about attribution and why one shouldn&#;t overthink it.

Augmented reality (AR)

AR is a Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key between the physical world and virtual reality. It adds images, sounds, motion, and even smell to the physical reality.

Authentication

In computing, authentication is the process of verifying the identity of a user or process, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. For more information, see this blog post on the basics of two-factor authentication (2FA).

Other forms: Auth

Autonomous system

An autonomous system is a group of networks managed by one large entity to ensure there&#;s a reliable routing policy to the internet.


B

Backdoor

A backdoor is a type of Trojan that allows a threat actor access to a system by bypassing its security. This term can also refer to the method of gaining access to Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key systems undetected.

For an in-depth look at backdoors, see this page.

Other forms: backdooring

Bad sector

A bad sector is a sector on a computer’s disk or flash drive that is already unusable, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. This is usually caused by physical damage.

Bait advertising

Bait advertising is an unethical advertising practice wherein customers Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key promised a sale or inexpensive item. However, once customers are interested, the advertiser makes the product unavailable then redirects them to a similar product that is more expensive.

Synonym: Bait and switch Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key Trojan

A banking Trojan is a type of Trojan specifically created to harvest credentials and other sensitive financial and personal information stored and processed through online banking systems.

Behavior

In the context of computer malware, behavior refers to the actions malware performs on an affected system once executed.

Behavioral biometrics

Behavioral biometrics is a biometric modality that dynamically analyzes and quantifies unique identifiers and measurable human patterns. For more information, see this post on the use of behavioral biometrics in the financial sector.

Big data

Big data pertains to huge datasets that can be analyzed computationally to reveal trends, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, patterns, and associations. Companies use Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key data to improve their operations and make more intelligent decisions.

Big-game hunting (BGH)

Originally used within hunting circles, the term &#;big-game hunting (BGH)&#; in cybersecurity refers to the criminal tactic of going after high-earning organizations across industries in often sophisticated cyber attack campaigns.

BGH could also be used to describe the process of focusing on high-value data or assets within a business.

Binary

A binary is a numerical Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key with only two different values: 0 and 1, or True and False. Binary is popular in both electronics and in computing.

Biohacking

In computing, biohacking is a form of hacking that refers to the application of IT concepts to biological systems, usually the human body.

Biohacking can include the modification of the human body, such as introducing implants and other wearable computing tech.

Biometrics

Biometrics is the measurement and statistical analysis of people&#;s physical and behavioral characteristics. In biometrics authentication, personally Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key and unique features are stored in order to give the holder access to certain resources.

BIOS

BIOS stands for &#;basic input/output system&#. It is firmware used by the computer&#;s microprocessor to initialise the computer when the user physically turns it on.

Bitcoin

Bitcoin is a type of digital currency, or cryptocurrency, which is a payment medium that is not tied to a central bank or regulated by a governing body. Instead, it relies on secure storage of transactions on a technological platform known Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key blockchain.

Bitcoin is a popular payment method among Internet criminals, as it uses a fast, reliable, and verifiable system.

Black Friday

Black Friday is regarded as the unofficial start of the Christmas shopping season. Starting from midnight on the Friday after US Thanksgiving, retailers Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key their doors and offer numerous specials and deep discounts. Because of this, consumers often go online or to brick-and-mortar retail shops en masse. Malwarebytes is offering Black Friday deals on Malwarebytes Premium and Malwarebytes Privacy VPN.

Blacklist

In computing, a blacklist usually refers to a list of domains and/or IP addresses that are known or suspected malicious servers and/or domains. These lists are used to protect users from receiving mail from the blacklisted servers or from browsing to dangerous sites hosted on these Waltr 2.8.2 Crack with Activation Key Latest 2021 Free Download addresses.

Blended threat

A blended threat is an attack that makes use of multiple vectors to gain leverage on a target. This could include malware, phishing, social engineering and more.

Block cipher

A block cipher is one of two methods of encryption. With this method, the plaintext is Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key down into fixed-sized blocks before combining them with a key.

Also see stream cipher.

Blue Screen of Death (BSoD)

A Blue Screen of Death (BSoD) occurs on Windows systems when a full blue screen appears to the user after encountering a fatal error.

Bluejacking

Bluejacking is the act of sending messages between mobile devices via Bluetooth wireless connection.

Bluesnarfing

Bluesnarfing refers to the unauthorized access and theft of information through a Bluetooth connection. Mobile devices, such as smartphones, laptops, and tablets that are Bluetooth-enabled can be affected by this.

Bluetooth

Bluetooth is a wireless technology mainly used for short distance connections between devices due to its low power signal. Communication is done at a bandwidth around GHz. It doesn&#;t need a line of Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key to establish a connection.

Boot

In computing, to boot a system is to turn the device or machine on and load the OS into RAM, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. The boot-up process is made up of different stages, depending on the setup of the system and the OS that has to be loaded.

Boot sector

A boot sector is part of a physical information carrier (usually a hard drive) that contains the code that has to be loaded into a system&#;s RAM to start the actual boot process and load the OS. The boot sector is created when a volume is formatted.

Boot sector virus

A boot sector virus is malware that infects the boot sector of a drive or other storage device, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. During a boot, this sector is automatically located and loaded into memory, making them harder to remove, as they will load before normal removal software.

 

Learn more:

Computer virus

Antivirus

Bootkit

A bootkit is a type of rootkit that alters or replaces the bootloader of the affected system in order to take control. To remove a bootkit, you need a bootable medium, which has the necessary tools to undo the changes made by the bootkit.

Bot

The word &#;bot&#; is a derivative of &#;robot.&#; It usually pertains to (1) one or more compromised machines controlled by a botmaster or herder to spam or launch DDoS attacks, or (2) an automated program coded with particular instructions to follow, which includes interacting with websites and humans via web interfaces (e.g., Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, IMs).

A collective of bots is called a botnet.

Synonym: zombie machine

 

Learn more:

Bot

Botnet

DDoS

Botnet

A botnet is a collection of bots. The term also refers to the malware run on a connected device to turn it into a bot.

Synonym: zombie network

 

Learn more:

Bot

Botnet

DDoS

In computing, breadcrumbs are navigation aids that tell users exactly where they are while surfing on a site or in a set of folders. Breadcrumbs show the hierarchy of links on a site or the steps in the folder structure.

Consider, for example, the address bar in a Windows explorer window, which contains breadcrumbs from a file to the folders in which it is contained.

Bricking

Bricking refers to the practice or act of rendering an electronic computing device—often a smartphone—useless or inoperable. Bricking usually happens by accident, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, such as when a firmware update gets interrupted.

Bring your own device (BYOD)

Bring your own device, abbreviated as BYOD, is a trend wherein employees bring their personal computing devices, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, usually a smartphone or laptop, to be used in the workplace. These devices are then connected to the company&#;s internal network, which may introduce additional risks to the company.

Synonym: bring your own technology (BYOT)

Browlock

Browlock is a portmanteau of &#;browser&#; and &#;lock&#. This term Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key used either (1) to describe the state of an internet browser when the user is unable to perform certain actions or (2) to pertain to a malware&#;s malicious control over browser windows, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. A browlock can close the open tab or window, block access to the desktop Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key the system, and stop you from navigating to another site. For more information, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, see this blog post on browser lockers.

Browser helper object (BHO)

A browser helper object (BHO) is a DLL component Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key Internet Explorer (IE) that provides added functionality to the browser.

Brute force attack

A brute force attack is a method wherein Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key application attempts to decode encrypted data, such as a password, by trial and error. A Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key attack, for example, is a type that falls under this attack.

See also password cracking application

 

Buffer

In computing, a buffer refers to the amount of data stored and shared between applications to compensate for Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key difference in speed with which these can handle the data. Consider, for example, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key browser buffering (part of) a movie while downloading it and, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, at the same time, while your movie player plays it.

Buffer overflow

A buffer overflow is a computer anomaly wherein a program writes to a block of memory (or buffer) more than what it is allocated to hold.

Synonym: Buffer overrun

Bug bounty

A bug bounty is a rewards program through which individuals Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key receive monetary compensation and/or recognition for finding flaws or vulnerabilities in a company&#;s software or system.

Bundler

A bundler is an assemblage of two or more software offered in one combined package. It usually contains (1) the main program a user is after and (2) bundleware, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. Many bundlers are found in freeware download sites. In some cases, these &#;free&#; software are actually trial versions of programs one commonly pays Audio Plugin Archives s is a term used to collectively describe one or more software that comes in bundles as extra. This isn&#;t necessarily malicious.

Bundleware that are dodgy at best have a few types:

  • Programs that are considered adware and PUPs. These may or may not offer users the option to opt out of the extra programs.
  • Programs that are useful but nobody wants to pay for their functionality, so the developer enters some monetization program that incorporates adware into his/her program.
  • PUPs that offer to install other PUPs from the same manufacturer during the installation.
  • Programs that also install software packages they need to run on the affected system.

Malwarebytes detects these types.

Burn

In computing, to burn is to write data to a drive with a recordable disc (i.e. burn a CD or DVD). The data is written onto the disc using a laser and, until the invention of rewritable discs (RW), this was considered a one-time-only process.

Business continuity management (BCM)

Business Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key management is a term used to describe the holistic process of identifying an organization&#;s risk of exposure to potential threats found internally and/or externally and the impacts these may cause. Its goal is to prepare the organization to effectively respond to threats, protect the business&#;s interests, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, and ensure the continuity of the company in the event of such threats.

Business email compromise (BEC)

A business email compromise (BEC) is an attack wherein an employee, who Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key usually the CFO or someone from the Finance department, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, is socially engineered into wiring a large sum Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key money to a third-party account.

Business process compromise (BPC)

A business process compromise (BPC) is an attack wherein the threat actor targets weaknesses in an organization&#;s processes, systems, and loopholes in its operations to manipulate or alter them to their advantage. Unlike in business email compromise (BEC), BPC doesn&#;t rely on social engineering tactics.


C

Cache

In computing, a cache is a temporary storage that is used to speed up future requests. For example, a browser cache stores contents of websites so they can be displayed faster the next time the user visits them. For information about DNS cache poisoning, have a look at the blog post, DNS hijacks: what to look for.

Children&#;s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA)

The Children&#;s Online Privacy Protection Act, or COPPA, is a privacy law that protects children under the age of It was first passed in The Federal Trace Commission (FTC) manages COPPA. To read more, go here.

Cipher

In cryptography, a cipher is the method of hiding text with encryption. The machine can hide text by replacing original letters with other letters and by substituting or transposing numbers and symbols.

A cipher also refers to the encryption key that reveals the plaintext.

Ciphertext

A ciphertext is the encrypted form of a plaintext.

Click fraud

Click fraud is the practice of artificially inflating statistics of online advertisements by using automated clicking programs or hitbots.

Synonym: Pay-per-click fraud

See also ad fraud

Clickbait

Clickbait is content (especially a headline) that uses exaggeration and sensationalism to entice you into clicking on a link to a particular web page. Clickbait often leads to content of questionable value.

Clickjacking

Clickjacking is a type of attack that tricks a user into clicking a website element that is either invisible or IObit Driver Booster 7.6.0 Pro - August 2020 crack serial keygen as another element. This hijacks a user&#;s click meant for one thing but leads to another. For example: instead of clicking a button to reply, a clickjacking attack on a Twitter user can make them re-tweet a malicious domain to followers instead.

This Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key typically seen as browser security issue. However, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key an attack can also take place in mobile applications.

Clickjacking has different types, such as likejacking.

Synonyms: User interface (UI) redress attack, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, UI redressing

Cloud computing

Cloud computing refers to the delivery of services that are hosted over the internet to computers and other computing devices. For more information, see this blog post on the cloud.

See also Anything-as-a-Service Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key phishing

Cloud phishing refers to a phishing trend that uses the guise of cloud computing services to get users to click malicious links. Campaigns of this kind usually start off in emails and social media posts.

Cobalt Strike

Cobalt Strike is a legitimate tool used in penetration testing and threat Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. While it is popular among pen testers, underground criminals are notorious for abusing the tool. They do this by making the tool a part of their attack campaigns.

For more information, see this blog post on our take on Cobalt Strike, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, what it can do, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, and the problem it causes.

 

Cold boot

In computing, a cold boot happens when a system is powered up from its off state. Cold booting is sometimes used to remedy certain system hiccups.

Other forms: Cold booting

Command & control (C&C)

Command & control, also called C&C or C2, is a centralized server or computer that online criminals use to issue commands to control malware and bots as well as to receive reports from them.

 

Learn more:

Hacking

Malware

Bots

Botnet

 

Companion virus

A companion virus is an old type of virus that poses as a legitimate file by copying its file Mathematica 12 license key Archives but Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key a different extension. It doesn&#;t modify files.

Compromised

Compromised sites (or servers) are otherwise legitimate sites that are being used by hackers without the owner’s knowledge. Compromised sites are often used to house and spread malware.

 

Computer ethics

Computer ethics is a philosophy concerned with how professionals in the field of computing should make decisions. Examples would be rules for disclosing of compromised information and vulnerabilities, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, copying of electronic content, and the impact of computers—AI, for example—on human lives.

Computer science (CS)

Computer science, abbreviated as CS, is a multi-disciplinary collection of studies in the fields that are related to digital information. Computer systems, the internet, programming, and data storage are some of the best-known fields.

Computer-Aided Design (CAD)

Computer-Aided Design, or CAD, is the use of computer technology to help with the design of two- or three-dimensional objects. This specialized type of software helps to design, modify, analyze, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, optimize, and even create objects in many fields, including architecture, mechanics, engineering, and art.

Consumer fraud protection

Consumer fraud protection is a law designed to shield consumers against goods and services that didn&#;t perform as advertised. Consumers are also protected against unfair trade (overcharging) and fraudulent credit practices.

Cookie

In the context of computing, a cookie is a text file that a website puts into a visitor&#;s computer to recognize them and keep track of their preference. A cookie can be stored temporarily (session cookie) or permanently on the hard disk (persistent cookie).

For more information, see these blog articles:

Crack

A crack is either used as a:

  1. noun: A piece of software used to figure out passwords using a dictionary attack. It can also be a piece of software or tool used to illegally bypass certain software security features, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, such as copy protection.
  2. verb: The act of breaking into Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key secured computer system. The person doing the crack is called a cracker. Some argue that there are distinctions between a cracker and a hacker.

Credential stuffing

Credential stuffing is a popular tactic of attempting to access online accounts using username-password combinations acquired from breached data. This is usually done using an automated tool.

Crimeware

Crimeware Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key sophisticated software designed specifically for certain criminal acts, such as data theft, ransom, network poisoning, and communications monitoring.

Cross-site scripting (XSS)

Cross-site scripting is a type of injection attack wherein a vulnerability in web applications is exploited that allows a threat actor to inject malicious script into the site&#;s content. Affected trusted sites are made to deliver the malicious script to visitors.

Crypter

In malware research, this refers to a program that makes malware hard to read by researchers. The crudest technique for crypters is usually called obfuscation. A more elaborate blog post on that is Obfuscation: Malware’s best friend.

Obfuscation is also used often in scripts, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, like JavaScript and VBScript. But most of the time, these are not difficult to bypass or de-obfuscate. More complex methods use actual encryption. More information about this and related subjects can be found in our blog post, Explained: Packer, Crypter, and Protector

Cryptocurrency

Cryptocurrency is a decentralized digital currency. It is the preferred payment method of ransomware authors, and it can be generated by mining scripts embedded on websites.

Cryptocurrency mining

Cryptocurrency mining, popularly known as cryptomining, is the process of adding new transactions to a public ledger of previous transactions (called the blockchain) and introducing new cryptocurrencies into the system. For more information, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, see this blog post on the dangers of drive-by mining and online ads.

Cryptography

Cryptography is the knowledge of sending and storing encrypted data. For more information, see this blog post on how to encrypt files and folder.

Customer Relationship Management (CRM)

Customer Relationship Management (CRM) refers to software that makes organizations work better. A CRM collects, keeps, and manages data of customer interactions from across all channels. Data is then analyzed and used to streamline processes, automate tasks, improve services, and make these services more personal (to name a few).

Some of the benefits for using CRM includes employees becoming highly more efficient, knowledge sharing is improved among peers, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, and a greater understanding is achieved due to increased transparency in tasks and processes.

CVE identifier

A Common Vulnerabilities and Exposure (CVE) identifier is a unique number assigned to publicly known software vulnerabilities. It follows the format:

Vendors and researchers alike consider CVE identifiers as standard for identifying Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. For example, CVE is the CVE ID for the vulnerability commonly known as Heartbleed.

Synonyms: CVE names, CVE IDs, CVE numbers, CVEs, vulnerability identifier

Cyber Monday

Cyber Monday is the marketing term given to the Monday after the Thanksgiving holidays in the United States. For more information, see this blog post on safe online shopping on Cyber Monday.

Cyberbullying

Cyberbullying is the act of threatening and intimidating others via electronic and digital means.

 

Learn more:

Internet safety

Cyberbullying

Cybercrime

Cybercrime is the term referring to crimes that are related to computers and networks, including traditional crimes like fraud, blackmail, and identity theft that are done over the Internet or by using computing devices.


D

Data breach

A data breach happens when data deemed sensitive, protected, or confidential were illegally accessed or disclosed. Individuals may have viewed, copied, transmitted, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, stolen, or used such data accidentally or Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. For an in-depth look at data breaches, see: What is a data breach?

Data exfiltration

Data exfiltration is an act of retrieving, copying, and transferring data, such as user credentials, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, about individuals or organizations without authorization.

Synonym: Siphoning

Data Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key mining is the process of sifting through large data sets to identify patterns or generate new information.

Data Privacy Day (DPD)

Data Privacy Day (DPD) is an annual, international event that occurs every January Its purpose is to raise awareness about privacy and encourage internet users to follow data protection practices.

DPD is observed by the USA, Canada, Israel, and Europe.

In Europe, DPD is also known as Data Protection Day.

For more information, see our blog post on why Data Privacy Day matters.

Decryptor

A decryptor is a tool used to transform unreadable data back to its original, unencrypted form. This is typically used by those affected by ransomware to restore their files.

Deepfake

A &#;deepfake&#; refers to recreated media of a person&#;s appearance (on a video or image) or voice by an artificial intelligence (AI).

Definition

In computer security, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, a definition is code written into a database that enables cybersecurity software programs to identify and detect specific, known families of malware. Definitions are used in signature-based detection methodology and therefore cannot be used to detect new or unknown forms of malware.

Defragmentation

Defragmentation is the process of reorganizing a file system so that files that were split up when saved and changed are put back together again. This removes pointers to and from the fragments and optimizes the speed with which these files can Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key used.

Other forms: Defrag, defragment

Destruction of service (DeOS)

Destruction of service is an attack using IoT botnets that aim to Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key an organization&#;s backups and safety nets, which are used to recover critical systems and data after a cyber attack.

Dialer

A dialer can mean (1) a program or app that initiates the best connection for the Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key chosen by the user, (2) a program that connects a system to the internet over Avast Premium Security crack serial keygen or Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key line, or (3) malware that connects a system to a network or phone number with the intent to fraud.

Other forms: Dialler

Dictionary attack

A dictionary attack is an act of penetrating password-protected computer systems or servers using large sets of words in a dictionary. This attack usually works as many users still use ordinary words for their passwords.

See also brute force attack

A digital footprint is the term used to describe the recorded—thus, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, traceable—internet or device activities of a particular person.

Synonym: digital shadow

Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS)

A distributed Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key of service (DDoS) attack is a network attack wherein threat actors force numerous systems (usually infected with malware) to send requests to Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key specific web server to crash, distract, or disrupt it enough that users are unable to connect to it.

For a more in-depth look, see this page: DDoS attacks.

DNS over HTTPS (DoH)

DNS over HTTP (DoH) is an alternative to DNS over TLS (DoT). It is a work-in-progress, network security protocol wherein DNS Zombie School Survival PC full crack - Free Download - Repack - Hiu Games and responses are encrypted and sent via HTTP or  HTTPS protocols instead of directly over UDP. This is to increase user privacy and security.

DNS over TLS (DoT)

DNS over TLS (DoT) is a network security protocol wherein DNS requests and responses are encrypted and not tampered with using the TLS security protocol. This is done to increase user security and privacy. DNS over HTTPS (DoH) is an alternative to DoT.

Domain

In computer security, a domain can refer to:

  1. A group of computers that are under the control of a common operator and administered as one unit, or
  2. The name of a Web resource following the rules of the Domain Name System (DNS), which translates the domain name into an IP address

Domain administrator privileges

Domain administrator privileges refer to administrator access to all machines within a network.

Domain Name System (DNS)

A Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key Name System, abbreviated as DNS, is an Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key protocol that translates user-friendly, readable URLs, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key as storycall.us, to their numeric IP addresses, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, allowing the computer to identify a web server without the user having to remember and input the actual IP address of the server.

Name Servers, or Domain Name Servers, host these translations. They are part of the overall Domain Name System.

To learn how threat actors can abuse DNS protocols, read up on DNS hijackers, a type of malware that modifies users&#; DNS settings.

Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC)

Domain Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key System Security Extensions, abbreviated as DNSSEC, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, is a set of extensions that add extra security to the DNS protocol. For more information, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, see Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key blog post on why we need DNSSEC.

Downloader

A downloader, or Trojan downloader, is malware with the sole intention of downloading other programs—usually more malware—to the affected system as soon as an Internet connection is available.

Dox

Dox is an informal abbreviation of the Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key &#;documents&#. The term is used to describe the act of researching and disseminating private information about a person or organization. Many doxxers—those who dox—employ a number of techniques to gather information, such as searching the internet, hacking, and social engineering.

Other form(s): doxing, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key more:

What is doxxing?

Internet safety

Drive-by download

A drive-by download is the unintended download of one or more files, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, malicious or not, onto the user&#;s system without their consent or knowledge. It may also describe the download and installation of files bundled with a program that users didn&#;t sign up for.

 

Learn more:

Pharming

Malvertising

Trojan

Drive-by mining

Drive-by mining is a term coined to describe a method in which a piece of JavaScript code is embedded into a Web page to perform cryptocurrency mining on user machines that visit this page. For more information, see this blog Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key on drive-by mining and ads.

Dropper

A dropper, or Trojan downloader, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, is a type of malware that installs other malware on the affected system. The other malware is part of the same executable, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, which is usually in compressed form.

Dwell time

Dwell time refers to the amount of time passed from when malware has initially infiltrated a system to when it has been detected and removed.


E

Electronic sports (eSports)

Electronic sports, or eSports, are basically video games competitions. Any computer- or console-game that has a multi-player competition qualifies as an eSport.

Encryption

Encryption is the process of changing data in a way that Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key not (easily) be undone (or decrypted) by parties that don&#;t have the decryption key, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. For more information, see this blog post Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key encryption and types of secure communication and storage.

End-user

The end-user is the person that a specific product is designed, developed, and created for. For this intended user, the product should be suitable (ease of use), Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, and it should be a finished product.

Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)

An ERP is a Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key of business management software that allows companies to collect, store, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, manage, and interpret data Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key from multiple departments.

EternalBlue

EternalBlue is one of the handful of &#;exploitation tools&#; leaked by a group called The Shadow Brokers (TSB) that take advantage of weaknesses in how Windows implemented the Server Message Block (SMB) protocol. The WannaCry and NotPetya ransomware strains used Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key exploit to target unpatched systems.

For more information, see this blog post on how threat Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key are using SMB vulnerabilities in their attack campaigns.

 

Learn more:

WannaCry

Ransomware

 

Ethernet

Ethernet is a networking technology commonly used in various networks, such as LAN, MAN, and WAN. It is so commonplace that most PC motherboards have a built-in Ethernet interface.

Executable and Link format (ELF)

An ELF file is an executable file format for the Linux and Unix platforms. Its known file extensions are .axf, .bin, .elf, .o, .prx, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, .puff, .ko, .mod, and .so.

Exploit

Exploits are a Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key of malware that takes advantage of bugs and vulnerabilities in a system in order to allow the exploit’s creator to take control.

For an in-depth look at exploits, see this page.

Exploit kit

An exploit kit is a packaged collection of exploits for use by criminal gangs in spreading malware.

Synonym: Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key pack

Extended Validation SSL Certificate (EV SSL)

An Extended Validation SSL Certificate is an identity authentication solution used in HTTPS websites that tells users that the owner or operator of the site they&#;re interacting with is legitimate. A green bar displayed in the address bar denotes the presence of an EV SSL.


F

Family

In computer security, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, a family refers to a group of malwarevariants that all exhibit at least one base characteristics.

Fear, uncertainty, and doubt (FUD)

Fear, uncertainty, and doubt is a disinformation strategy that is used as a weapon against competitors.

In hacking, FUD could also mean &#;fully undetected,&#; which means (1) that data that is made to appear like random noise due to encryption, or (2) a piece of software that cannot be detected by AV tools and scanners.

File type

A file type is a name given to a specific kind of file. For example, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, a Microsoft Excel sheet Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key and a Python script file are two different file types. A file type is not the same as a file format.

 

File-based attack

A file-based attack is an attack where threat actors use certain file types, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, usually those bearing document file extensions like .DOCX and .PDF, to entice users to open them. The file in question is embedded with malicious code; thus, once opened, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, this code is also executed.

Fingerprinting

Fingerprinting refers to the process of gathering information about a system Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key first contact. It is commonly used by malware to determine whether a system is vulnerable to certain attacks.

Firmware

Firmware is software that is written to a hardware device&#;s memory. It is used to run user programs on said devices.

 

Learn more:

What is RAM?

What is a hard drive?

Foothold expansion is the act of creating backdoors that are used to re-enter a network after its Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key infiltration.

Fraud

Fraudulent websites appear to be one thing, like a tech support site, a dating site, or a shopping site with illegal products or great deals, but they’re really scams to try to steal your information or credit card details.

Freeware

Freeware is software that comes without a cost, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. Some freeware may give the option of voluntary payments to the developer, which is typically be called donationware.

Frequently asked questions (FAQ)

Frequently asked questions, or FAQ, is a list drawn up around a particular subject of commonly asked questions and their answers. This list is often the first line of support for many products and answers many of the issues that users may have.


G

General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

The General Data Protection Regulation is the standard Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key protection law affecting the European Union and its citizens that puts strict regulations on organizations on how personally identifiable information (PII) are to be controlled, processed, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, and stored. For more information, see this post on how businesses can adequately assess their readiness to GDPR.

Globally unique identifier (GUID)

A globally unique identifier is a unique number created by Microsoft applications to identify components, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, hardware, files, user accounts, etc.

Graphical user interface (GUI)

A graphical user interface, or GUI, is a type of interface that helps a user to control and manipulate software. The alternative is command line programs, which is generally perceived as challenging to understand and learn.

Graymail

Graymail is bulk solicited email that users opted-in to receiving at first, but after losing interest, just accumulates in the inbox until recipients decide to opt-out or report them as spam.

Greyware

Greyware is a classification of software that generally does annoying, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, disruptive, or Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key tasks but not to the point of being malicious.

Other forms: Grayware

 

Learn more:

Malware

Computer virus

Griefing

In video gaming, particularly in MMORPG circles, griefing is the deliberate act of annoying, irritating, and generally causing other players grief. This is done by attacking and terminating other characters and destroying player property among others.


H

Hacker

A hacker is a person that has a profound understanding of particular systems or processes. Their knowledge enables them to use those subjects for other purposes than what Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key were Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key designed for.

For an in-depth look at hackers, see this page.

Hacktivism

Hacktivism is a portmanteau of &#;hacking&#; and &#;activism&#. Hacktivism is the defacement of a website where the compromise isn&#;t as significant as the statement the hackers make through it.

Hacktivist

Hacktivist is a combination of “hack” and “activist.” A hacktivist is someone who breaks into computer systems (hacking) for the purpose of political or social activism. Hacktivists may work alone or in groups.

Hash value

A hash value is an alphanumeric string that uniquely identifies data or files. MD5, SHA-1, and SHA-2 are three of its known algorithms.

Synonym: Hash code

Heap spray

In the context of computer security, a heap spray is an old technique that allows vulnerable systems to be taken advantage of easily. This happens when threat actors write to the heap—a predetermined location in the computer&#;s memory—for a running program. This task of writing is often referred as Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key the heap&#. And then, at a later time, these same attackers will take advantage of a vulnerability to cause the exploit code to call commands in the heap.

Other form(s): Heap spraying

 

Learn more:

Exploits

Heap spraying

Heap spraying is a technique wherein code is written in various places in the heap (memory allocated for the use of programs) for malicious software to refer to at a later date, giving exploits a higher chance of success.

Other forms: Heap spray, &#;spraying the heap&#;

Heartbleed

Heartbleed is the term used to refer to a vulnerability in some OpenSSL implementations. This vulnerability&#;s official identifier is CVE For more information, see this blog post on systems still unpatched five years after Heartbleed&#;s discovery.

Heuristic analysis

Heuristic analysis is a scanning technique used by many antivirus programs wherein they look for certain malicious behaviors from potentially new and undetected variants.

Other forms: Heuristics

 

Learn more:

Antivirus

Zero-day

Hibernation

Is a state of inactivity to save energy. In computing this expression is Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key for powering down a computer while preserving the state it is in. The content of the RAM (Random Access Memory) is Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key to a drive (usually the main hard disk of the system) and will be restored in RAM as soon as the system is brought back out of hibernation. Not to be confused with sleep mode, which is another energy saving method that uses a little energy to keep the data in RAM. The advantage of sleep mode is that the system is ready for use almost instantaneously where waking from hibernation takes some time.

Hijacker

A hijacker is a type of malware that modifies a web browser&#;s settings without users&#; permission, usually to inject unwanted ads into the browser or redirect to scam sites.

Synonyms: browser hijacker

 

Learn more:

SQL injection

Pharming

Safe browser

Hoax

A hoax is a term we use to generally describe a fake or false warning. For more information, see this blog post on a more in-depth Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key at hoaxes.

Synonyms: scams and shams

Homograph

A homograph is, by definition, a word of the same written form as another but of different meaning and usually origin, whether pronounced the same way or not. But in cybersecurity, this is expanded to include words that look the same.

Homograph attacks

A homograph attack is a method of deception wherein a threat actor leverages on the similarities of character scripts to create and register phony domains of existing ones to fool users and lure them into visiting. For more information, see this blog post on an in-depth look at homograph attacks.

Synonym: homoglypth attacks, Punycode attack, script spoofing, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, homograph domain name spoofing

Host Intrusion Prevention System (HIPS)

A Host Intrusion Prevention System, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, or HIPS, is a software package that monitors for suspicious activities Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key within a host machine, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. For more information, see this Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key post on how HIPS Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key solution

A host-based solution refers to software that is installed in end-point systems as opposed to a centralized solution.

Hyper-Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP)

The Hyper-Text Transfer Protocol is a set of underlying rules used in the World Wide Web, defining how files are transferred and formatted, and how web servers and internet browsers should respond to specific commands.

Hyper-Text Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS)

In a nutshell, Hyper-Text Transfer Protocol Secure is secure HTTP. This means that file transference and communication over the network is protected due to encryption on both the server side and the client side.


I

Identity and access management (IAM)

Identity and access management (IAM) is a collective term pertaining to processes, services, and technologies that allow the right individuals and groups to access the right resources within a network.

Identity theft

Identity Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key is an electronic and real-world crime of deliberately using someone else&#;s information to commit fraud. Usually, identity thieves are  financially motivated, consequently disadvantaging their target.

Incident scope

In a malware attack against Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, an incident scope generally refers to the extent of damage against the organization, how much data has been stolen, what the attack surface is, and how much it’d cost them to resolve the attack and prevent it from happening again in the future.

Indicator of compromise (IOC)

Indicators of compromise, or IOC, can be found after a system intrusion. These indicators can be IP addresses, domains, hashes of malware files, virus signatures, and similar artifacts.

Infection vector

In cybersecurity, an infection vector refers to the transmission channel of a malware, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. To know this, ask &#;How did the malware arrive on my computer/network?&#;

 

Learn more:

Malware

Antivirus

 

Information Technology (IT)

Information Technology, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, or IT, is the study or the use of systems for storing, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, retrieving, and sending information.

Injection attacks

Injection attacks is a broad term referring to a certain attack vector. Usually, malicious code is used in such attacks; but generally speaking, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, attackers provide input that, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, once interpreted, alters the execution or outcome of a program. Injection attacks have several types. They include:

 

Learn more:

SQL injections

Hacking

Malware

Input/Output (I/O)

Input/Output, or Arcade Classics crack serial keygen, is an expression used to describe any information exchange between a computer system and the outside world. Usually, an I/O is illustrated (but are not limited to) as the traffic between a system and peripheral devices.

Intellectual property

Intellectual property refers to creations of the mind, whether they are inventions, art, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, names, or commercial images. Laws Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key intellectual property differ from one country to the other, but they usually protect the rights of the person or company that first successfully claims coming up with the creation.

Internationalized domain names (IDN)

Internationalized domain names, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, or IDN, is a domain name containing at least one non-ASCII character. They enable internet users from all over the world can create Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key register domain names using their own native language.

Internet of things (IoT)

The internet of things, or IoT, represents a host of internet-connected devices that do not require direct human input. For more information, see this blog post on what an IoT security is and what it should never be.

Internet Service Provider (ISP)

An ISP is a company that provides users with internet services, such as basic connections, broadband, web hosting, and a range of other services.

Intranet

An intranet is a private network Hamrick VueScan Pro v8.5.32 crack serial keygen restricted access. It is usually set up by or for a company that only to the members of the company can access.

Intrusion Prevention System (IPS)

An Intrusion Prevention Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, or IPS, monitor network traffic to determine whether a security breach or malware infection has taken place, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. When applicable, they can intervene in such cases as pre-determined by the network administrator to avoid further damage.

IP address

An IP address is a number assigned to each system that is participating in a network using the Internet Protocol, such as the World Wide Web.

 


J

Jailbreak

In computing, to jailbreak means to modify a device, usually a smartphone, by removing any restrictions imposed by the device manufacturer, such as the downloading and installation of unauthorized software or apps from third-party markets.

Other forms: jailbreaking

Joke programs

A joke program is a file that may not have a malicious payload but may inconvenience the user in another way. For example, it might play loud audio files, or pop up a funny video, or move the mouse cursor around the desktop.

 

Learn more:

Malware

Keylogger

 

Juice jacking

Juice jacking Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key a cyberattack against unsuspecting targets via their mobile devices. This happens when the target plugs their device into a USB port to charge; however, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, the charging port also functions as a data connection, so threat actors can abuse this. Malware could be introduced to the device via the USB port or the USB cable Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, or sensitive information could be quietly retrieved Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key the device.

 

Junk mail

Junk mail is, essentially, email spam.

 

Learn more:

What is spam?


K

Key generator

A key generator, or popularly known as keygen, is a piece of software that generates random keys—usually software product keys—for the purpose of letting the user activate and operate a program without them actually purchasing it.

Keylogger

In the context of malware, a keylogger is a type of Trojan spyware that is capable of stealing or recording user keystrokes. You can learn more at our dedicated keylogger page.

For an in-depth look at keyloggers, see this page.

Other forms: keylogger, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, keylogging

Synonyms: keystroke logger, system monitor

Keystream

In cryptography, a keystream is a stream of random or pseudorandom characters you combine with plaintext to make a cyphertext.

Keystroke

A keystroke is one stroke of any key on a machine operated by a keyboard, such as a typewriter or a computer terminal. Sometimes keystrokes per hour (KSPH) or keystrokes per minute (KSPM) are used as a standard of typing speed.


L

Latency

In computing, latency generally means a time delay from system input to desired output. This can be defined differently, depending on context.

 

Lateral movement

Lateral movement refers to various techniques and/or tactics that threat actors use that allow them to move through a network to access or search for critical assets and data within a network. At times, they employ this to control remote systems.

Layered Service Provider (LSP)

A Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key Service Provider (LSP) is a Windows feature that allows software to tap into data flowing through the network. It can intercept, filter, and even modify all Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key traffic between the internet and a system&#;s applications. For more information, see this blog post for an overview on how legit and illegitimate programs use LSPs.

Linux

Linux is a favorite and most used free, open-sourced operating system to date. This term also denotes a family of OS distributions (or distro) built around the Linux kernel.

Local administrator privilege

A local administrator privilege refers to administrator privileged access to a specific machine within a network, allowing an owner to make system configurations, install and uninstall software, and use other OS components.

Local administrator privileges

Refers to administrator access to a specific machine within a network, allowing an owner to make system configurations, install and uninstall software, and use other privileged OS components. The owner of the machine is usually (and by default) the administrator.

Local Area Network (LAN)

A Local Area Network, or LAN, is a network of computers and other devices spread over a relatively small space, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, e.g., a building or group of buildings. Usually, these devices all connect to a server or group Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key servers by ethernet or Wi-Fi.

Localhost

On any given system, the localhost refers to &#;This computer.&#; It uses the IP address to use the loopback function to reach the resources stored on the system itself.


M

MAC address

A MAC address is your Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key hardware&#;s unique number. MAC stands for Media Access Control.

Machine code

Machine code is the basic or fundamental language of computers. It is composed of binary numbers.

Synonym: machine language

Machine learning (ML)

Machine learning is a form or subset of artificial intelligence (AI) where computers make use of large data sets and statistical techniques to improve at specific tasks without being manually reprogrammed.

Macro

Macro is a set of commands that application users group together and Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, so they can execute it with a single command or keystroke.

Macro virus

A macro virus is malware written in the same macro language used in software applications, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, examples of which are Microsoft Word and Microsoft Excel.

 

Learn more: 

Antivirus

Computer Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key is aggressive advertising on mobile devices, particularly tablets Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key smartphones.

 

Learn more:

Malware

Adware

Malvertising

Magecart

Magecart is the collective name Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key to several groups of online criminals who engage in web skimming. They usually target the Magento system, a highly popular e-commerce platform, of online shops to steal customer payment card information.

Mail bomb

&#;Mail bomb&#; is a verb pertaining to the act of sending too much email to a person, group, or systems.

Other form(s): Mail bombing

Malspam

Malspam, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, short for malware spam or malicious spam, is spam email that delivers malware. While regular spam is simply any unsolicited email, malspam contains infected attachments, phishing messages, or malicious URLs. It can also deliver a myriad of malware types, including ransomware, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, Trojans, bots, info-stealers, cryptominers, spyware, and keyloggers.

Malware

Malware, or “malicious software,” is an umbrella term that refers to any malicious program or code that is harmful to systems.

For an in-depth look at malware, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key this page.

Man-in-the-Browser (MitB)

A man in the browser is a form of Man-in-the-Middle (MiTM) attack wherein malware—usually a Trojan—is used to intercept and manipulate communication between the internet browser and its mechanisms or libraries to commit fraud.

Other forms of abbreviation include: MIB, MiB, MITB

Man-in-the-Middle (MitM)

In cybersecurity, a Man-in-the-Middle (MitM) attack happens Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key a threat actor manages to intercept and forward the traffic between two entities without either of them noticing. In addition, some MitM attacks alter the communication between parties, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, again without them realizing.

To pull this off, the attacker should not only be convincing in their impersonation  but also be able to follow and influence the conversation between two or more parties.

A MitM attack can be done between browser and Internet, for example, or between a Wi-Fi hotspot Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key an Internet user.

Managed service provider (MSP)

A managed service provider (MSP) is a company that proactively offers remote support to a client&#;s IT infrastructure or endpoints. Oftentimes, this term is used interchangeably with &#;cloud service provider&#.

Master Boot Record (MBR)

Typically, the Master Boot Record (MBR) is the first sector on a startup drive or other partitioned media. It contains a bootloader, an executable code that works as a loader for the OS. For more information, see this blog post for a deep Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key on MBRs.

Synonyms: partition sector, master partition table

Memory dump

A memory dump is content of Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key system&#;s RAM (random access memory) created at a specific point in time. This is usually done at the moment of a program crash or system failure and used to diagnose the problem. However, this can also be made manually for memory forensics, such as investigating advanced malware (e.g. fileless).

A memory resident program possesses the ability to remain in memory, and can be a common trait of certain pieces of malware.

Metadata

Metadata is data about data. It gives background information, such as origin, relevance, and creation, about data. Examples are geotags in media files (say, where was a photograph taken) and author and data modified in document files.

Metropolitan area network (MAN)

A metropolitan area network (MAN) Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key a network of LANs. It Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key an entire campus or an entire city, but it&#;s smaller than a WAN.

Middelware

Middleware is software that sits between the OS and the software it runs, thus the name. Middleware provides additional services to these software that the OS cannot. For example, middleware allows users to submit a form on a web browser, or allows a server to return results based on user queries.

Miner

Miner Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key also known as cryptocurrency miner. This is a form of malware that uses the resources of an infected system to mine cryptocurrency (e.g. Bitcoins) for the threat actor.

Mitigation

In computing, mitigation is the process or act of containing the impact and/or risk from an attack, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. Remediation usually follows mitigation.

Money mule

A money mule is someone who is tricked into accepting Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key from scammers, keeping it in their account for a period of time, and then forwarding it on to a second account. For more information, see this blog post Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key children and young adults as the next generation money mules.

Other forms: Money muling, muling

Multi-factor authentication (MFA)

Multi-factor authentication (MFA) suggests using two or more authentication protocols. The most well-known MFA is two-factor authentication (2FA). Both represent the combination of more than one method of gaining access to a resource. For more information, see this blog post on the basics of 2FA.

Multi-tenancy

Muti-tenancy refers to a software architecture in which a single instance of software running in a server can cater to multiple users. A tenant is referred to here as the user.

Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)

Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) is an enhancement of the Short Message Service (SMS), which allows users to send longer messages (SMS is limited to characters) accompanied by pictures, short videos, and audio over a cellular network.

Multiplatform

Multiplatform, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, or cross-platform, is an expression to describe software that has been developed to work on multiple operating systems.

Mumblehard malware

Mumblehard malware is a type of malware that specifically targets Linux and BSD servers, using spambots to compromise systems, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. It derived its name from the spam being &#;mumbled&#; out of affected systems and servers.


N

National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC)

The National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) is an organization in the United Kingdom that gives cyber security guidance and support to the public and private sectors. Its headquarters is in London.

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is a unit of the US Commerce Department that promotes and maintains measurement standards. It was formerly known as the National Bureau of Standards.

National Security Agency (NSA)

The National Security Agency (NSA) is an intelligence agency of the US Department of Defense that monitors, processes, and collects information and data for the purpose of foreign and domestic intelligence and counterintelligence.

Near-field communication (NFC)

Near-field communication (NFC) is a short-range communication standard co-developed by Sony and Philips. Like Bluetooth, NFC is also a wireless means of doing peer-to-peer (P2P) data transfer without an internet connection. For NFC to work, two devices must either be touched together or be a few centimeters away of each other. A majority of modern smartphones come with NFC.

Net neutrality

Net neutrality is a concept, principle, or idea that ISPs must treat all internet data equally, regardless of its kind, source, or destination. The term was first coined in by Tim Wu, a professor at Columbia Law School.

Other form(s): network neutrality

Synonym: internet neutrality

Network

In computing, the definition of a network is a group of two or more computers or systems linked together. For example, your home network might consist of several devices that connect to a central router, including your desktop, gaming consoles, laptops, phones, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, and other Internet-connected gadgets.

A prime property of networks is their topology, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, or the way they are laid out, connect to one another, and communicate with one another. The main topologies of networks are:

  • Mesh: every device, or node, is connected to one another, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. This is the most Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key network that can handle the highest amount of traffic, but it&#;s also the most expensive.
  • Star: every device connects through a central hub. This allows for other nodes to stay online if one goes down, but if the central hub/server goes down, the entire network goes with it.
  • Bus: every device is connected by one cable that acts as the backbone of the network. This also allows for other nodes to stay online if one goes down, but any problems with the cable render the entire network useless. It&#;s the cheapest option, but not optimal for large networks.
  • Ring: every device is connected in a circular fashion, and the data travels in one direction. This configuration is easy to install and manage, and can handle large volumes of traffic. Expanding the network is time-consuming, however, and if one computer goes down, so does the network.
  • Tree: a hybrid topology that connects clusters of star networks to a single bus line. This helps to divide and manage a larger network, but can be just as easily taken down as a bus configuration.

Network perimeter

A network perimeter refers to the boundary between a private network and a public network, such as the World Wide Web.

Network segmentation

In computer networking, network segmentation is the practice of dividing a network into subnetworks to boost performance and improve security.

NewTab

NewTab is software that changes the default page of a new tab on the browser. This can result in similar negative effects and behavior to browser toolbars or browser hijackers. NewTab can manipulate browser(s) to change their home page or search provider in order to hijack Internet traffic and inject advertisements.


O

Obfuscation

Obfuscation is when malware deliberately tries to obscure its true intent to potential victims, and/or attempts to hide portions of Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key from malware researchers performing analysis.

 

Learn more:

Malware

Open Systems Interconnection (OSI)

Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) is a model that defines a networking framework to implement protocols in Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key layers:

  1. Physical
  2. Data Link
  3. Network
  4. Transport
  5. Session
  6. Presentation
  7. Application

This model was designed by ISO (International Organization Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key Standardization) as a design template for building network systems. The lower layers deal Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key electrical signals, chunks of binary data, and routing of these data across networks. Higher levels cover network requests and responses, representation of data, and network protocols as seen from a user&#;s point of view.

Operating system (OS)

An operating system (OS) is software that supports a computer&#;s basic functions, such as executing applications, controlling peripherals, and scheduling tasks. The most well-known operating systems are Microsoft Windows, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, Linux, Apple macOS and iOS, Android, and Google&#;s Chrome OS.

Opportunistic attack

In contrast to a targeted attack, an opportunistic attack involves malware that is distributed in large numbers for anyone to download or injected into websites for anyone to access, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. Well-known methods are email and exploit kits.

Synonym: mass malware


P

Packer

Packer is usually short for runtime packers. It is also known as self-extracting archives, which is software that unpacks itself in memory when the “packed file” is executed. Finally, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, this technique is also called executable compression.

This type of compression was invented to make files smaller so that users wouldn’t have to unpack them manually before they could be executed, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. However, given the current size of portable media and faster Internet speeds, the need for smaller files is not that urgent anymore. So when you see some packers being used nowadays, it is almost always for malicious purposes: to make reverse engineering more difficult, with the added benefit of a smaller footprint on the infected machine. For more information about this subject, have a look at the blog post Explained: Packer, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, Crypter, and Protector.

Passcode

A passcode is essentially a short and simple password. This could be the four-digit numerical code to unlock a smart phone or a banking PIN number, for example.

Passphrase

A passphrase is essentially a complex password made up of a sequence of words. The difference between a passphrase and a regular password is that passphrases Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key more complex because of the presence of spaces and their longer lengths.

Password

In cybersecurity, a password is a method of authentication used to gain entry into an Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key account. Passwords are typically made up of a combination of letters and numbers, sometimes with special characters included. It&#;s generally understood that the longer a password is, the more secure it is.

Username and password combinations have become popular modes of authentication due to their relative ease of use. However, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, the growing need for longer and more complex passwords, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, each one unique for each online account, has diminished that ease of use a bit.

Password cracking

Password cracking, like password guessing, is another &#;brute force&#; method of attack against encrypted accounts or systems, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. However, it&#;s less about guessing and more about working Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key an acquired list of passwords hashes or the database itself. These hashes can be obtained via network sniffing.

Password cracking application

A password cracking application is typically a tool Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key to recover a password from a system, or brute force its way in by manner of guessing the right password.

Password guessing

Password guessing is a &#;brute force&#; method of gaining access Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key an encrypted account or system by systematically guessing its password. Typically, a dictionary type scheme is used to do this. Guessing a password successfully is only possible in the event that weak Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key are used.

Password guessing shouldn&#;t be confused with password cracking.

Synonym: PG-ing

 

Learn more: 

What is Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key password manager?

Brute force attack

Password manager

A password manager is a software application designed to store and manage online credentials, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. It also generates passwords. Usually, these passwords are stored in an encrypted database and locked behind a master password. For more information, see this blog post for a longer Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key on password managers, and what to do if you&#;re opposed to using one.

Payload

In cybersecurity, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, a payload is malware that Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key threat actor intends to deliver to the victim. For example, if a cybercriminal sent out an email with a Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key Macro as the attachment and the victim gets infected with ransomware, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, then the ransomware is the payload (and not the email or document).

 

Learn more:

Malware

Ransomware

Computer virus

Peer-to-peer (P2P)

Peer-to-peer, sometimes abbreviated as P2P, involves the sharing of files and/or resources between two computers connected to each other through a network, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. Each of these computers become a file server to the other.

Penetration testing

Penetration testing, or pen testing, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, is the practice of running controlled attacks on a computer system, network, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, software, or other application in an attempt to find unpatched vulnerabilities or flaws. By performing pen tests, an organization can find ways to harden their systems against possible future real attacks, and thus make them less exploitable.

Peopleware

Peopleware is the term used to refer to the role of humans/people in information technology, such as the creation of hardware and software.

Personal identification number (PIN)

A Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key identification number (PIN) is a set of numeric or alphanumeric characters used for authentication, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. While typically used in ATMs and point-of-sale card transactions, PINs are also used by operating systems like Windows and macOS.

Personally Identifiable Information (PII)

Personally Identifiable Information (PII) is the term used for data that can be tracked back to one specific user. Examples of PII are names, social security numbers, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, biometrics, and other information that, in combination with other data, could be enough to identify a user.

&#;Personally Identifiable Information&#; also has a legal definition, depending on the country and its laws. Personally Identifiable Information in one state may not include the same Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key of information as &#;personal Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key or &#;personal data&#; in another state, but the purpose of these laws is often the same—to protect the types of data that could reveal a person&#;s identity.

Pharma

Pharma is short for “pharmacy.” In cybersecurity, the expression refers to spam or websites that traffic in Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key or illegal medication. These sites may also Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key legal medication, but in violation of local laws.

Phishing

Phishing scams Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key to obtain your information by presenting themselves as legitimate websites, then asking for your password, credit card details, or other sensitive information.

 

Learn more: 

Phishing

Social engineering

Spam

 

Phishing kit

A phishing kit is a set of materials and tools that allows scammers with little technical ability to create a convincing phish. Someone in need of a large-scale attack also uses a kit to deploy a phishing campaign at short notice.

 

Learn more: 

Phishing

Social engineering

Spam

Phreaking

Phreaking is the act of hacking into telecommunication systems, primarily to obtain free phone calls.

Plaintext

Before, plaintext just refers to any text, text file, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, or document containing text with no special formatting. The definition Edraw Max 9.3 license code Archives the word has expanded to include any data that can be viewed in its original, plain form as opposed to its encrypted form.

Other form(s): plain text, plain-text

Platform

A platform is most commonly Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key software used to operate a PC, such as an operating system.

Point-of-sale (PoS) malware

Point-of-sale (PoS) malware usually targets Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key terminals and card readers to compromise payment data and send it to criminals.

Polymorphism

In the context of malware terminology, polymorphism is the ability of code to change its identifiable features while maintaining its Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. Because of this Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, polymorphic malware like Emotet are difficult to detect.

Portable device

A portable device is a device that can Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key be carried around, such as a laptop, notebook, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, tablet, or phone.

The Portable Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key (PE) file header contains the metadata about the executable file itself. At its bare minimum, it comprises of the following: a DOS stub, a signature, the architecture of the file’s code, a time stamp, a pointer, and various flags.

Power User

A power user is typically someone performing specific tasks or functions to a higher level than others, often with specialised equipment or tools to get the tasks done.

PowerShell

PowerShell is a configuration management framework that allows system administrators and power-users to perform administrative tasks via a command line.

Preinstalled software

Preinstalled software is software that typically comes pre-loaded on a new computer separate from the operating system. Most preinstalled software is not necessary for the Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key functioning of the computer. In some cases, it may have the negative effect of impacting the computer&#;s performance by using memory, CPU, and hard drive resources.

Privilege escalation

An act or event Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key occurs when a threat actor or unauthorized user achieves full access to normally restricted resources on a computing device’s operating system (OS) it has gained access to.

Professional Service Automation (PSA)

A PSA is software that allows companies to manage their resources efficiently. It is used from start to finish of a project&#;s lifecycle, which usually begins from assigning people up to billing the client once the project is done.

Proof of Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key proof of concept (PoC) is a demonstration that a certain idea or method works. In computer security this often means that hackers show that they have been able to make use of a security flaw in software or hardware.

 

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Exploits

Hacking

 

Protector

In malware research, a protector is software intended to prevent tampering and reverse engineering of programs. The methods used can—and usually will—include both packing and encrypting. This combination, plus added features, makes what is usually referred to as a protector, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. Researchers are then faced with protective layers around the payload, making reverse engineering difficult.

A completely different approach, which also falls under the umbrella Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key protectors, is code virtualization, which uses AnyMP4 Blu-ray Ripper 8.0.53 + Crack With Registration Code 2021 Download customized and different virtual instruction set every time you use it to protect your application. Of these protectors, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, there are professional versions that are used in the gaming industry against piracy. More information about this and related subjects can be found in our blog post, Explained: Packer, Crypter, and Protector

Proxy

A proxy is something which sits between your computer and whatever you may be connecting to, shielding your true identity from it. These are mostly used for increased anonymity.

Proxy server

A proxy server is something that sits between your device and the servers you&#;re making requests to. A benefit of this is shielding Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key of your information, such as your IP address.

Pseudocode

Pronounced as soo-doh-kohd. It is a detailed human-readable yet detailed description of what a computer program or algorithm is supposed to do. Pseudocode is often used in developing a program. It also provides programmers a template to follow in writing their code.

Related blog post(s):

PUM

Stands for potentially unwanted modification. This is an alteration made to a computer’s registry (or other settings), which either damages the computer Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key changes its behaviour, without knowledge of the Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. Such unwanted alterations can be done by legitimate software, malware, grayware, or PUP.

Punycode

Is a method of encoding that converts Unicode to ASCII. This is especially helpful when representing non-Latin or foreign characters that are used in Internet host names.

Related blog post(s):

PUP

PUPs, or Potentially Unwanted Programs, are programs that may include advertising, toolbars, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, and pop-ups that are unrelated to the software you downloaded, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. PUPs often come bundled with other software that you installed.


Q

QR Code

A QR code is a 2-dimensional barcode. They are squares filled with black and white blocks invented to Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key track of cars during manufacturing.

Quarantine

In computing terms, to quarantine is when a potentially malicious file is placed into a &#;safe&#; location by the onboard security software, so that it can do no harm while the user decides what to do with it.


R

RAM scraping

RAM scraping, or memory scraping, is the act of scanning the memory of digital devices, such as point-of-sale (PoS) systems, to retrieve sensitive personal and banking information. PoS malware can usually perform RAM scraping.

 

Learn more:

What is RAM?

Random access memory (RAM)

A random access memory (RAM) is a computer hardware device where the OS, installed software applications, and data the user currently uses is stored so it would be easier for the processor to retrieve them. It is the main memory of a computer.

 

Learn more:

What is RAM?

What is a hard drive?

 

 

Ransomware

Ransomware is a form of malware that locks you out of your device and/or encrypts your files, then forces you to pay a ransom to get them back.

For an in-depth look at ransomware, see this page.

RAR

RAR files, like other archives, are essentially data containers where one or more files are stored in compressed form. WinRAR is the software typically used to compress these files. RAR files use the .rar extension.

Recon

Is short for reconnaissance, which (in the context of information security) describes an act of a threat actor using remote access tools (RAT) to gain access to a target system to assess items of value and map the network landscape.

Remediation

In computing, this is the process or method of correcting system Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, regardless of severity, on the affected system. Mitigation usually precedes remediation.

Remote access

Is controlling a computer system from another location, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. There are many programs that enable this method of working. Unfortunately, it is also a tool of choice for Tech Support Scammers.

Remote administration tool (RAT)

A software program that allows users to control another system as if they have physical access to it.

Remote code execution (RCE) attack

A remote code execution (RCE) attack happens when a threat actor illegally accesses and manipulates a computer or server without authorization from its owner. A system can be taken over using malware.

 

Learn more: 

Malware

Hacking

Remote desktop protocol (RDP)

Remote desktop protocol (RDP) is Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key network communications protocol that allows remote management of assets. Network administrators normally use RDP to diagnose problems on the endpoint.

Remote user

Is someone who operates or accesses a computing device from an off-site location.

Retrovirus

A retrovirus is also referred to as an anti-anti-virus virus. This means that it tries to attack and disable any anti-virus or protective software on the system it is trying to infect to avoid detection.

Revenge porn

Revenge porn is the distribution of sexually explicit material, such as images and videos, of someone without their consent whether they know such material existed or not. Usually, revenge porn is initiated by former intimate partners of the subject to humiliate them.

Other form(s): revenge pornograpy

Synonym: image-based sexual abuse

Riskware

Riskware, or “risky software,” describes legitimate software programs that contain loopholes or vulnerabilities that can be exploited by hackers for malicious purposes.

Robocall

A robocall is an automated phone call that delivers a recorded message. Normally, political parties, schools, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, and telemarketing companies use robocall, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. But scammers are known to abuse robocalls. For more information, see this blog post for a deep dive on robocalling.

 

Learn more:

Scam calls

Rootkit

A rootkit is software, generally classified as malware, that provides the attacker with administrator privileges on the infected system Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key actively hides. They also hide from other software on the system, often even from the operating system.

RunPE Technique

A common technique malware uses: running the original executable, suspending it, unmapping from the memory, mapping the payload on its place, and running it again.


S

Safe Mode

It’s a boot option that loads only the most basic drivers needed for Windows to run. There are different sets of drivers that can be loaded, depending on the kind of “Safe Mode” the user selects. For more information, see the article safe mode.

Sandbox solution

A type of solution wherein IT administers run a program in a controlled environment to determine whether it is safe to deploy within their network or not.

Scam

In cybersecurity, scams are attempts to obtain money or something else of value through dishonest means, mostly over the Internet, though sometimes with Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key phone call.

Screen scraper

A screen scraper is a form of malware capable of taking screenshots or gathering data from the visible desktop to send them back to its controller.

Screenlocker

A screenlocker can either be a legitimate program that locks a PC while users are away from the desk, or a piece of malware, which could be anything from a &#;prank&#; software to ransomware. The latter locks a desktop while encrypting files to Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key a victim into paying a ransom.

Script kiddie

A script kiddie is a derogatory term given to hackers who may feel have no technical ability. Some wear the name as a badge of pride.

Search neutrality

Search neutrality is a concept asserting that the rules for net neutrality should be applied to search engines.

Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)

A Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is an

Источник: [storycall.us]

Tracker Telegram on LG Q8

Content

That's fine, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, but it's hard to recommend the average person pay extra for a 5G phone right now.

Frequently asked questions

The technology Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key exciting, but very much a work in progress. Oppo's flagship phones have historically sold for a midrange pricewith good-enough processors and cameras that punched above their weight. The Reno isn't like that. The Reno 5G and 10x Zoom are premium from top to bottom.

OPPO Reno Z Review – Great, Despite the Software

The middle of Samsung's new Galaxy S20 devices is powerful and large, without being ridiculous. New cameras, longer battery life, Night Mode, a goofy selfie feature and a price drop Premium, pocketable and packed with all the features Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key need to level up your photography Be respectful, keep it civil and stay on topic.

We delete comments that violate our policywhich we encourage you to read. Discussion threads can be closed at any time at our discretion.

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Smart Assistant's Steps Tracker

Learn in this article the best way to Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key the Oppo device remotely and secretly. phone tracking application that allows you to monitor target Android device in. Oppo tracker. Best Oppo tracker app. Spy on Oppo phones without ROOT. Download and install the application on the phone you want to monitor. To install an.

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Oppo Reno 5G is only as good as its network

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When should you Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key to receive Android 10? (Updated March 20)

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Tracking SamsungGalaxy A3

Contents:

  • custom-block
  • Samsung Galaxy A3

  • Yours may or may not be one of them. But for smartphones and tablets running Android, iOS or Windows Phone, it is likely the device has software needed to locate it. Here are a number of things you can try. If your Android device is configured with a Google Account, you might be in luck, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. As long as the battery of the phone is still charged, the phone has not been switched off and it has an internet connection, Google may be able to pinpoint your device.

    Samsung Galaxy A3 4G [Grade A]

    You can ring the device, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key it, or even Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key wipe all information on Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. And, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, best of all, show you it's location on a map. If you're prompted to sign in, use the same Google account you used to sign in on your phone. However helpful those technologies you see in cinemas would be; Most of what you see in movies can not be done in real life. In real life, for people like you and me, there simply is no way to find a mobile device by entering it's phone number or IMEI number. If that would be possible, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, it would be an enormous privacy issue to any person carrying a phone.

    So, how does Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key police do this? Mobile phones constantly search for and connect with the nearest antennas operated by the telephone company. Most, if not all telephone companies keep record which antennas Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key subscribers connect to. These records allow a device to be traced to the tower it is on. Step 4: Then log in to your web portal and select Location option from the side panel to track the location of the Samsung device. The GPS location of the target phone is displayed on the Google map in real time, so that you can track the current whereabouts of the target Samsung phone and view location history in detail.

    The app is undetectable on the target Samsung phone, for it will disappear on the monitored device after the installation process, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, making the target hard to find and delete it. All the tracked data is stored in a safe location and is inaccessible to others, including KidsGuard Pro support. Find My Mobile from Samsung allows users to track the location of their phone, as well as lock, reset, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, or Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key their device remotely, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. Since you can also track the location of your device, you can also use this app to find your lost device, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, or track someone's location. Step 3: Then, you need to select the target Samsung device in the Find My Mobile online interface and track its location.

    The way can not offer an accurate location tracking solution. You can only see the approximate location of the target Samsung phone. The third way to track the location of a Smashing phone is by using its IMEI number to track the device. IMEI is a digit number that is unique to every mobile, and if you lost your device, then you could track its IMEI number to track its location.

    To track the location of a Samsung device, you must first know its IMEI number in advance, for which steps are given below:, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. Just to let you know I decided to take the risk and have bought a Charge HR to replace my flex as I wanted something that showed the time. I have only used it for a day but I can say that it does work with the Galaxy A3 I had already got the app installed but when I used it the first time and added the new device there was no problem.

    That's great Sshishin I liked the flex but this is even better. I did a workout this morning and it's good to beable to easily track that and see the heart rate.

    Thanks for the updates! I'm so glad to hear that you are back on track and working hard to achieve your goals! Due to recent events affecting our operations, support options are limited and wait times are longer than usual. Visit our help site for answers to many common questions and other self-service options.

    Turn on suggestions. Auto-suggest helps you quickly narrow down your search results by suggesting possible matches as you type. Showing results for. Did you mean:, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. Report this post Message 1 of Moderator edit: edited title for clarity You are unable to access this email address freeprosoftz.com Affects Me Too. Best Answer, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. All forum topics Previous Topic Next Topic.

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    Accepted Solutions. Fitbit Alum. A giant Android mascot at Googleplex in. Tap the Active apps icon, and tap End and OK if youre prompted.

    The next thing you should so is to put it in a bowl of dry rice for a few days. They said that Androids Java Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key environment is based on Apache Harmony, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, a clean room implementation of the Java class libraries, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, and an independently developed virtual machine called Dalvik. Be careful using WiFi, use strong passwords, turn off WiFi. How can Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key spy on my husband cell phone without touching his Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. If your phone is Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key lot can be said about the advantages of modern day cell phones, but due to the complexity of the way they work they sometimes freezes. La versione 4.

    Platform Tools folder is, open it up, then: All Trusty applications are singlethreaded; multithreading in Trusty userspace currently is unsupported. Everything is very well laid out and easy to use. Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key requires the use of the command prompt if youve never used ADB before, and a certain level of comfort with issuing short commands.

    InfoWorld has suggested that some Android manufacturers initially treated their first tablets as a "Frankenphone business", a shortterm lowinvestment opportunity by placing a smartphoneoptimized Android OS before Android 3. Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key is no readymade software to hack anyones account. This is a rare issue for the A5, and its more likely due to Internet Service Provider problems on the users side than a problem with the phone itself.

    Increase the Volume of Notifications. Google publishes most of the Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key including network and telephony stacks under Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key noncopyleftApache License version 2.

    Samsung Galaxy A3 Indonesia - Hampir Jadi Daily Driver

    NoLED is an app used to display custom notifications and icons on your screen, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, available on the Play Store. If we managed to solve your issue you can share the article, and you can follow us on Twitter and Facebook. For at least million Its possible you already have the appropriate drivers for your Android device, but if you dont, youll need to get them from your manufacturers website.

    With the recent demise of StealthGenie, and the changing of services from mSpy and Mobilespy, FlexiSpy Extreme really stands out on its own. Other malware displays unwanted and intrusive advertisements on the device, or sends personal information to unauthorised third parties. Now try these commands instead: After a year or two your battery will most likely have Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key much of its ability to retain that all important battery juice.

    Rumor has it that Samsung has gone for a full metal look for this phone Learn how to track your kids iPhone easily. An important thing to remember in all of this is that the company behind Flexispy is not based in the United States, nor are their servers or infrastructure.

    Samsung Galaxy A3

    This gives them a major level of protection from U. Lets quickly confirm that youve set up ADB correctly. It needs the target phone carrier to be compatible with 3 way calling — some are and some are not. Many modern phones are now water resistant, but the sadly A5 lacks this feature. If the phone is accidently submerged in water, theres still a good chance it can be saved if you act quickly.

    Источник: [storycall.us]
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    Источник: [storycall.us]

    Phone Facebook locate iPhone 11 Pro

    Contents:

  • Prettier in person
  • How to Find Hidden Messages in Facebook Messenger on your iPhone
  • How to fix Facebook app that keeps crashing on your iPhone 11 Pro after updating to iOS

  • Discussion threads can be closed at any time at our discretion. Don't show this again. Facebook really hopes iOS 13 won't scare you off using its location tracking Apple's iOS 13 and iPadOS give users more control over their location data.

    Prettier in person

    Carrie Mihalcik. So if you want to share a file with someone using AirDrop, just point your iPhone at theirs and they'll be the first on the Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. With iOS The feature makes more sense if you're placed in a crowded room and quickly need to share content wirelessly. However, that's just one use case of the many possibilities that the ultra-wideband chip offers. Apple was Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key rumoured to introduce a new tracking accessory but the Cupertino-based company didn't announce such a product during its special event on Tuesday.

    For the Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key tech news and reviewsfollow Gadgets on TwitterFacebookand subscribe to our Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key channel. And the iPhone 11 Pro's night mode also produces better photos in my opinion — sharper details from Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key to corner, and better tones and contrast to preserve a scene's mood. Whereas night mode on other phones brighten a scene to the point it looks artificial or flat, the iPhone 11 Pro's night mode more delicately balances the light and dark areas in both the foreground and background.

    Have a look at the Vespa comparisons below, with and without night mode, for several phones, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. The quality of the night mode on the iPhone 11 Pro is richer. After all, even with night mode, you still want a photo to look like it's nighttime. Night mode works a little differently with people. When taking photos of people with night mode, the Neural Engine applies all kinds of machine Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key algorithms so that the face is more finely Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key along with the background.

    Skin and hair should have more specular highlights, faces should appear a little sharpened. Relying on autofocus alone, I can't say the iPhone 11 Pro's night mode blows rival Android night modes away. Huawei's P30 Pro took the sharpest photo, but it lacks contrast. The Galaxy Note 10 pic is too soft.

    The OnePlus 7 Pro does a decent job, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, but the white balance skews yellow. The iPhone 11 Pro preserved the background the best see the emergency truck on the right with greater detail, but my jacket details were lost and my face could've used a little more illumination. As with shooting with the ultra wide, you'll get sharper night mode photos if you manually lock the focus; autofocus is more reliable than on Android phones some phones failed to autofocus at allbut it can be finicky.

    And again, just so you can see the previous generation, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, here's the iPhone XS and iPhone XR, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, neither with any Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key mode. Just a regular camera. Portrait mode is improved as well, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. On the iPhone X and XS, portrait mode only worked with the 2x telephoto camera, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, and on the XR, Apple used machine learning to blur out the background.

    But on the Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key 11 Pro, the wide and 2x telephoto can both be used for portrait mode, giving you the best of both portrait modes from the iPhone XS and XR. However, the background blur, aka bokeh, won't be as creamy as portrait shots taken with the 2x telephoto camera, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. As you can see, each camera yields different portrait looks, mimicking a 35mm focal length wide camera and 52mm focal length 2x telephoto.

    The Galaxy Note 10 can also take portrait photos called "live focus" with both the main and telephoto cameras, but the images don't look anywhere near as vibrant. The white balance is bluer, creating a colder mood, and the image processing airbrushes Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key too much of the details. Below are how other phones do portrait photography.

    Many people like the Pixel 3's AI-generated background blur. I think the image looks too flat and a fake, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, like a cheap gaussian blur applied in Photoshop. A little bit of editing could spruce up any of these portrait photos, but straight out of the camera? No surprise here: the iPhone 11 Pro and 11 Pro Max take solid selfies.

    The camera app also has a neat trick: hold it vertically and it'll crop in for a 7-megapixel selfie for single selfies, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key, duh and hold it horizontally and the viewfinder will expand to the wider field of view with megapixel resolution for group selfies, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. Of course, you can manually choose to get the wider or zoomed-in shot, but it's kind of nice the field of view adapts depending on the orientation you're holding the iPhone 11 Pro. Samsung's Galaxy S10 and Note 10, which also Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key in and out, have no such orientation intelligence.

    Of all the phones, the Pixel 3 and 3 XL are the only ones with two front-facing cameras wide and ultra wideeach with 8 Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. There's no digital zooming in and out happening. But then again, that doesn't really matter when the image quality comes out looking this undeveloped:. Even with more megapixels, selfies from other Android phones don't necessarily crush the iPhones. The color accuracy is all wrong and the dynamic range is mediocre.

    Portrait mode for selfies aren't shabby, either. There's a little more dynamic range in the iPhone 11 Pro shot compared to the one taken on iPhone XS, and you can see the foreground is better isolated from the background my jacket isn't blurred out.

    How to Find Hidden Jogos de Clique Clique de Graça para Baixar in Facebook Messenger on your iPhone

    The Pixel takes a good selfie, but what happened to the color? I have no clue. The Galaxy Note 10 is the same story as ever: too much face smoothening and soft image quality overall, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. The Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key P30 failed to focus. And the OnePlus 7 sucks at highlights see the over-exposed nose. There are numerous improvements to recording video. All of the iPhone 11 Pro's cameras front and back Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key record video in 4K resolution at up to 60 frames per second; older iPhones only let you shoot at 4K60 on Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key rear cameras.

    How to fix Facebook app that keeps crashing on your iPhone 11 Pro after updating to iOS

    Vloggers will Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key appreciate this — 60 fps makes your footage look more lifelike — but it bums me out there's no way to choose different resolutions and frame rates for the front and rear cameras. All four cameras on the iPhone 11 Pro can record at 4K resolution Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key up to 60 fps. As it is, you can only choose one resolution and frame rate for all the cameras. I want the option to record video at, say, p at 30 fps with the front-facing camera and 4K at 60 fps through the triple cameras.

    I, personally, don't need or want 4K front-facing videos and being able to set the front Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key to record at a lower resolution would also help save on storage. I'm aware that only allowing for one resolution and frame rate for all of the cameras keeps things consistent, but again, this feels like another feature that would've made the iPhone 11 Pros' cameras more "pro, Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key. Third-party apps like FilMic Pro will let you view all four cameras at once and record from two simultaneously.

    You will see Message Requests. Tap on that section. In this section, you will see any unread Message Requests.

    If you have any filtered request they will all be listed here. If you want to remove these filtered messages you can do so by tapping Edit and then hitting Delete in the bottom-right. Now, most of the messages hidden away here may be junk or messages from people you have never heard of.

    Источник: [storycall.us]

    Deepfake keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key - join. And

    Tracking SamsungGalaxy A3

    Contents:

  • custom-block
  • Samsung Galaxy A3

  • Yours may or may not be one of them. But for smartphones and tablets running Android, iOS or Windows Phone, it is likely the device has software needed to locate it. Here are a number of things you can try.. If your Android device is configured with a Google Account, you might be in luck. As long as the battery of the phone is still charged, the phone has not been switched off and it has an internet connection, Google may be able to pinpoint your device.

    Samsung Galaxy A3 4G [Grade A]

    You can ring the device, lock it, or even completely wipe all information on it. And, best of all, show you it's location on a map. If you're prompted to sign in, use the same Google account you used to sign in on your phone. However helpful those technologies you see in cinemas would be; Most of what you see in movies can not be done in real life. In real life, for people like you and me, there simply is no way to find a mobile device by entering it's phone number or IMEI number. If that would be possible, it would be an enormous privacy issue to any person carrying a phone.

    So, how does the police do this? Mobile phones constantly search for and connect with the nearest antennas operated by the telephone company. Most, if not all telephone companies keep record which antennas their subscribers connect to. These records allow a device to be traced to the tower it is on. Step 4: Then log in to your web portal and select Location option from the side panel to track the location of the Samsung device. The GPS location of the target phone is displayed on the Google map in real time, so that you can track the current whereabouts of the target Samsung phone and view location history in detail.

    The app is undetectable on the target Samsung phone, for it will disappear on the monitored device after the installation process, making the target hard to find and delete it. All the tracked data is stored in a safe location and is inaccessible to others, including KidsGuard Pro support. Find My Mobile from Samsung allows users to track the location of their phone, as well as lock, reset, or backup their device remotely. Since you can also track the location of your device, you can also use this app to find your lost device, or track someone's location. Step 3: Then, you need to select the target Samsung device in the Find My Mobile online interface and track its location.

    The way can not offer an accurate location tracking solution. You can only see the approximate location of the target Samsung phone. The third way to track the location of a Smashing phone is by using its IMEI number to track the device. IMEI is a digit number that is unique to every mobile, and if you lost your device, then you could track its IMEI number to track its location.

    To track the location of a Samsung device, you must first know its IMEI number in advance, for which steps are given below:. Just to let you know I decided to take the risk and have bought a Charge HR to replace my flex as I wanted something that showed the time. I have only used it for a day but I can say that it does work with the Galaxy A3 I had already got the app installed but when I used it the first time and added the new device there was no problem.

    That's great Sshishin I liked the flex but this is even better. I did a workout this morning and it's good to beable to easily track that and see the heart rate.

    Thanks for the updates! I'm so glad to hear that you are back on track and working hard to achieve your goals! Due to recent events affecting our operations, support options are limited and wait times are longer than usual. Visit our help site for answers to many common questions and other self-service options.

    Turn on suggestions. Auto-suggest helps you quickly narrow down your search results by suggesting possible matches as you type. Showing results for. Did you mean:. Report this post Message 1 of Moderator edit: edited title for clarity Answered! Affects Me Too. Best Answer. All forum topics Previous Topic Next Topic.

    custom-block

    Accepted Solutions. Fitbit Alum. A giant Android mascot at Googleplex in. Tap the Active apps icon, and tap End and OK if youre prompted.

    The next thing you should so is to put it in a bowl of dry rice for a few days. They said that Androids Java runtime environment is based on Apache Harmony, a clean room implementation of the Java class libraries, and an independently developed virtual machine called Dalvik. Be careful using WiFi, use strong passwords, turn off WiFi. How can i spy on my husband cell phone without touching his cell. If your phone is frozen.

    A lot can be said about the advantages of modern day cell phones, but due to the complexity of the way they work they sometimes freezes. La versione 4.

    Platform Tools folder is, open it up, then: All Trusty applications are singlethreaded; multithreading in Trusty userspace currently is unsupported. Everything is very well laid out and easy to use. This requires the use of the command prompt if youve never used ADB before, and a certain level of comfort with issuing short commands.

    InfoWorld has suggested that some Android manufacturers initially treated their first tablets as a "Frankenphone business", a shortterm lowinvestment opportunity by placing a smartphoneoptimized Android OS before Android 3. There is no readymade software to hack anyones account. This is a rare issue for the A5, and its more likely due to Internet Service Provider problems on the users side than a problem with the phone itself.

    Increase the Volume of Notifications. Google publishes most of the code including network and telephony stacks under the noncopyleftApache License version 2.

    Samsung Galaxy A3 Indonesia - Hampir Jadi Daily Driver

    NoLED is an app used to display custom notifications and icons on your screen, available on the Play Store. If we managed to solve your issue you can share the article, and you can follow us on Twitter and Facebook. For at least million Its possible you already have the appropriate drivers for your Android device, but if you dont, youll need to get them from your manufacturers website.

    With the recent demise of StealthGenie, and the changing of services from mSpy and Mobilespy, FlexiSpy Extreme really stands out on its own. Other malware displays unwanted and intrusive advertisements on the device, or sends personal information to unauthorised third parties. Now try these commands instead: After a year or two your battery will most likely have lost much of its ability to retain that all important battery juice.

    Rumor has it that Samsung has gone for a full metal look for this phone Learn how to track your kids iPhone easily. An important thing to remember in all of this is that the company behind Flexispy is not based in the United States, nor are their servers or infrastructure.

    Samsung Galaxy A3

    This gives them a major level of protection from U. Lets quickly confirm that youve set up ADB correctly. It needs the target phone carrier to be compatible with 3 way calling — some are and some are not. Many modern phones are now water resistant, but the sadly A5 lacks this feature. If the phone is accidently submerged in water, theres still a good chance it can be saved if you act quickly.

    Источник: [storycall.us]

    Phone Facebook locate iPhone 11 Pro

    Contents:

  • Prettier in person
  • How to Find Hidden Messages in Facebook Messenger on your iPhone
  • How to fix Facebook app that keeps crashing on your iPhone 11 Pro after updating to iOS

  • Discussion threads can be closed at any time at our discretion. Don't show this again. Facebook really hopes iOS 13 won't scare you off using its location tracking Apple's iOS 13 and iPadOS give users more control over their location data.

    Prettier in person

    Carrie Mihalcik. So if you want to share a file with someone using AirDrop, just point your iPhone at theirs and they'll be the first on the list. With iOS The feature makes more sense if you're placed in a crowded room and quickly need to share content wirelessly. However, that's just one use case of the many possibilities that the ultra-wideband chip offers. Apple was previously rumoured to introduce a new tracking accessory but the Cupertino-based company didn't announce such a product during its special event on Tuesday.

    For the latest tech news and reviews , follow Gadgets on Twitter , Facebook , and subscribe to our YouTube channel. And the iPhone 11 Pro's night mode also produces better photos in my opinion — sharper details from corner to corner, and better tones and contrast to preserve a scene's mood. Whereas night mode on other phones brighten a scene to the point it looks artificial or flat, the iPhone 11 Pro's night mode more delicately balances the light and dark areas in both the foreground and background.

    Have a look at the Vespa comparisons below, with and without night mode, for several phones. The quality of the night mode on the iPhone 11 Pro is richer. After all, even with night mode, you still want a photo to look like it's nighttime. Night mode works a little differently with people. When taking photos of people with night mode, the Neural Engine applies all kinds of machine learning algorithms so that the face is more finely exposed along with the background.

    Skin and hair should have more specular highlights, faces should appear a little sharpened. Relying on autofocus alone, I can't say the iPhone 11 Pro's night mode blows rival Android night modes away. Huawei's P30 Pro took the sharpest photo, but it lacks contrast. The Galaxy Note 10 pic is too soft.

    The OnePlus 7 Pro does a decent job, but the white balance skews yellow. The iPhone 11 Pro preserved the background the best see the emergency truck on the right with greater detail, but my jacket details were lost and my face could've used a little more illumination. As with shooting with the ultra wide, you'll get sharper night mode photos if you manually lock the focus; autofocus is more reliable than on Android phones some phones failed to autofocus at all , but it can be finicky.

    And again, just so you can see the previous generation, here's the iPhone XS and iPhone XR, neither with any night mode. Just a regular camera. Portrait mode is improved as well. On the iPhone X and XS, portrait mode only worked with the 2x telephoto camera, and on the XR, Apple used machine learning to blur out the background.

    But on the iPhone 11 Pro, the wide and 2x telephoto can both be used for portrait mode, giving you the best of both portrait modes from the iPhone XS and XR. However, the background blur, aka bokeh, won't be as creamy as portrait shots taken with the 2x telephoto camera. As you can see, each camera yields different portrait looks, mimicking a 35mm focal length wide camera and 52mm focal length 2x telephoto.

    The Galaxy Note 10 can also take portrait photos called "live focus" with both the main and telephoto cameras, but the images don't look anywhere near as vibrant. The white balance is bluer, creating a colder mood, and the image processing airbrushes away too much of the details. Below are how other phones do portrait photography.

    Many people like the Pixel 3's AI-generated background blur. I think the image looks too flat and a fake, like a cheap gaussian blur applied in Photoshop. A little bit of editing could spruce up any of these portrait photos, but straight out of the camera? No surprise here: the iPhone 11 Pro and 11 Pro Max take solid selfies.

    The camera app also has a neat trick: hold it vertically and it'll crop in for a 7-megapixel selfie for single selfies, duh and hold it horizontally and the viewfinder will expand to the wider field of view with megapixel resolution for group selfies. Of course, you can manually choose to get the wider or zoomed-in shot, but it's kind of nice the field of view adapts depending on the orientation you're holding the iPhone 11 Pro. Samsung's Galaxy S10 and Note 10, which also crop in and out, have no such orientation intelligence.

    Of all the phones, the Pixel 3 and 3 XL are the only ones with two front-facing cameras wide and ultra wide , each with 8 megapixels. There's no digital zooming in and out happening. But then again, that doesn't really matter when the image quality comes out looking this undeveloped:. Even with more megapixels, selfies from other Android phones don't necessarily crush the iPhones. The color accuracy is all wrong and the dynamic range is mediocre.

    Portrait mode for selfies aren't shabby, either. There's a little more dynamic range in the iPhone 11 Pro shot compared to the one taken on iPhone XS, and you can see the foreground is better isolated from the background my jacket isn't blurred out.

    How to Find Hidden Messages in Facebook Messenger on your iPhone

    The Pixel takes a good selfie, but what happened to the color? I have no clue. The Galaxy Note 10 is the same story as ever: too much face smoothening and soft image quality overall. The Huawei P30 failed to focus. And the OnePlus 7 sucks at highlights see the over-exposed nose. There are numerous improvements to recording video. All of the iPhone 11 Pro's cameras front and back can record video in 4K resolution at up to 60 frames per second; older iPhones only let you shoot at 4K60 on the rear cameras.

    How to fix Facebook app that keeps crashing on your iPhone 11 Pro after updating to iOS

    Vloggers will really appreciate this — 60 fps makes your footage look more lifelike — but it bums me out there's no way to choose different resolutions and frame rates for the front and rear cameras. All four cameras on the iPhone 11 Pro can record at 4K resolution at up to 60 fps. As it is, you can only choose one resolution and frame rate for all the cameras. I want the option to record video at, say, p at 30 fps with the front-facing camera and 4K at 60 fps through the triple cameras.

    I, personally, don't need or want 4K front-facing videos and being able to set the front camera to record at a lower resolution would also help save on storage. I'm aware that only allowing for one resolution and frame rate for all of the cameras keeps things consistent, but again, this feels like another feature that would've made the iPhone 11 Pros' cameras more "pro. Third-party apps like FilMic Pro will let you view all four cameras at once and record from two simultaneously.

    You will see Message Requests. Tap on that section. In this section, you will see any unread Message Requests.

    If you have any filtered request they will all be listed here. If you want to remove these filtered messages you can do so by tapping Edit and then hitting Delete in the bottom-right. Now, most of the messages hidden away here may be junk or messages from people you have never heard of.

    Источник: [storycall.us]

    Tracker Telegram on LG Q8

    Content

    That's fine, but it's hard to recommend the average person pay extra for a 5G phone right now.

    Frequently asked questions

    The technology is exciting, but very much a work in progress. Oppo's flagship phones have historically sold for a midrange price , with good-enough processors and cameras that punched above their weight. The Reno isn't like that. The Reno 5G and 10x Zoom are premium from top to bottom.

    OPPO Reno Z Review – Great, Despite the Software

    The middle of Samsung's new Galaxy S20 devices is powerful and large, without being ridiculous. New cameras, longer battery life, Night Mode, a goofy selfie feature and a price drop Premium, pocketable and packed with all the features you need to level up your photography Be respectful, keep it civil and stay on topic.

    We delete comments that violate our policy , which we encourage you to read. Discussion threads can be closed at any time at our discretion.

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    We aim to repair a fault by midnight on the next working day after you report the fault to us unless a specific appointment date is agreed. Maximum of calls a month to and numbers. When I was reviewing the Honor 20, this was actually a problem. You can only have one data and one minutes Add-On at any one time A UK Best mobile track program Oppo Reno covers minutes or data used over your inclusive plan allowance, up to the allowance for that Add-On, from your last BT Mobile bill until your next one. The battery on the Reno Z is nothing short of amazing. Top 10 AC s. How long will it take for BT to unlock my device? Apple PromptCare operates between 8am and 6pm on weekdays and Saturdays. You must claim your Reward Card once your broadband is installed and you have 3 months from this date to claim. Carriers around the world, from Sprint and Verizon in the US to Telstra in Australia, have begun offering ultrafast 5G mobile internet, but there are less than a best mobile track program Oppo Reno of phones that can take advantage of .

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    Glossary


    A

    Abandonware

    Abandonware is software that is shelved by its developer. As such, it is no longer updated nor supported so it may be rife with vulnerabilities.

    Account harvesting

    Account harvesting is the process of gathering user accounts from a system, service, or database using a variety of methods, such as malware or phishing.

    Account hijacking

    Account hijacking is the process of taking over user online accounts, such as email and social media accounts.

    Ad blocker

    An ad blocker is software that blocks advertisements, including pop-ups, when a user visits websites.

    Ad fraud

    Ad fraud happens when advertisers pay for ads with false impressions. For more information, see this blog post on the difference between adware and ad fraud.

    Synonym: Invalid traffic

    Ad rotator

    An ad rotator allows two or more ads to alternately show in the same place on a website. The rotator triggers whenever a user refreshes or revisits a site.

    Add-in

    An add-in is software that gives additional functionality to a device or another software.

    Address bar

    An address bar is the text box in your web browser that displays the web page URL or IP address. At times, it functions as a search bar if the user entered text that is an invalid URL.

    Address bar spoofing

    Address bar spoofing is a technique where the legitimate URL on a browser address bar is replaced with a rogue one. This then leads to potential data or financial theft.

    Address Resolution Protocol (ARP)

    An address resolution protocol (ARP) is the system or process of mapping or finding a physical address belonging to an IP address in the local network.

    Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)

    Developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) is a block cipher that provides fast, strong, and secure encryption of classified data. AES was created as an alternative to the Data Encryption Standard (DES), because it became vulnerable to brute-force attacks.

    Synonym(s): Rijndael Block Cipher

    Advanced persistent threat (APT)

    An advanced persistent threat (APT) is a prolonged, targeted attack on a specific entity or entities with the intention of compromising their systems and gaining information from or about them.

    For more information, see our blog post on an in-depth look at advanced persistent threats and why cybersecurity professionals often groan at claims of APT attacks.

    Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET)

    The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was an experimental computer network, which later on became the basis for the Internet.

    Adware

    Adware, or advertising-supported software, is software that displays unwanted advertising on your computer device. For more information, see this blog post on adware delivery methods.

    Air gap

    Air gap refers to computers that are incapable of physically connecting to a network or another computer that is connected to the internet. Air-gapped systems were believed to be more secure until Stuxnet disproved this.

    Other forms: Air gapping

    Always-On

    An always-on device, software, or network denotes that it is constantly accessible.

    American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII)

    The American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) is an encoding standard for electronic communication. Codes in the ASCII table represent text in computing devices.

    Analog

    In computing, analog is a term used to describe old-fashion and slow computers and other devices.

    If used in the context of signals, an analog references to a mechanism or device where information is presented by variable physical quantities.

    Android

    Android is Google&#;s flagship operating system for smartphones and tablets. Manufacturers have adapted Android in televisions, smart-watches, cars, and many other electronic devices.

    For an in-depth look at Android antivirus, see this page.

    Android app

    An Android app is a program designed for the Android OS.

    Annoybot

    Annoybot is software that repeats an annoying task. IRC bots, for example, are annoybots that send out unsolicited messages to participants in a channel.

    Annoyware

    Annoyware is software that continuously shows reminders or pop-up windows to remind users to perform a particular action, such as registering or buying software.

    Synonyms: Nagware, Begware

    Anomaly detection

    Anomaly detection is identifying irregularities or deviations in patterns, data points, events, or observations that do not conform to the norm or the expectations of businesses or groups. Not all detected anomalies are malicious.

    Synonym: Outlier detection

    Anonymization

    Anonymization is the action or an attempt to disable the ability to track back information or actions to a specific user.

    Other forms: Anonymize

    Anonymizer

    An anonymizer is a tool that minimizes the amount of tracking done during surfing in an attempt to hide the true identity of the user.

    Synonyms: Anonymous proxy

    Anonymous

    Anonymous, in computing, is to keep one’s true name and identity concealed online with the use of various applications.

    Other forms: Anonymity

    Anti-ransomware

    Anti-ransomware is software specifically designed to combat ransomware. Such software could make use of specific techniques that general security tools don&#;t deploy.

    Anti-virus (AV) killer

    An AV killer is malicious code that disables the user&#;s anti-virus software to avoid detection. Sometimes, this term is used for malware that disables firewalls.

    Synonym: Retrovirus

    Antivirus

    Antivirus is a term that originally described security software that checked files on a computer against a list of known malicious files. Today, &#;antivirus&#; refers much more broadly to security software that can detect, protect against, and remove malware from computers and mobile devices.

    Synonyms: anti-malware

    Applet

    An applet is a piece of software that usually performs one specific task. Applets are often part of a more complex program.

    Application programming interface (API)

    An application programming interface (API), in simple terms, is a means for different software to talk to one another. It is the code that governs its server&#;s access points. APIs have many uses and take many forms.

    Application security

    Application security is the practice of applying security measures to the software application. This has to be done to defend against threats and attacks from the outside that attempt to exploit the app.

    Artificial intelligence (AI)

    AI is a system&#;s or an application&#;s ability to correctly interpret and learn from data to achieve specific goals and tasks. For more information, see this blog post on how AI and machine learning can impact cybersecurity.

    Synonym: Machine intelligence

    Astroturfing

    Astroturfing is the masking of initiatives by corporations, governments, or political parties to make a campaign appear spontaneous or initiated by civilian groups. Sometimes, masking the origin makes a campaign more effective or less controversial.

    Asymmetric cryptography

    Asymmetric cryptography is a system of secure communication that uses a pair of keys: a public key and a private key. A public key can be shared with anyone and publicly known, but only a private key must be kept secret and known only by the owner.

    Synonym: Public-key cryptography

    Attack vector

    An attack vector feres to the technique used to obtain unauthorized access to a system or network. It is an integral part of vulnerability research to know which attack vector is or might be used.

    Attribution

    Attribution is the practice of taking forensic artifacts of a cyberattack and matching them to known threats against targets with a profile matching a particular organization. For an in-depth look, see our two-part blog series on when you should care about attribution and why one shouldn&#;t overthink it.

    Augmented reality (AR)

    AR is a cross between the physical world and virtual reality. It adds images, sounds, motion, and even smell to the physical reality.

    Authentication

    In computing, authentication is the process of verifying the identity of a user or process. For more information, see this blog post on the basics of two-factor authentication (2FA).

    Other forms: Auth

    Autonomous system

    An autonomous system is a group of networks managed by one large entity to ensure there&#;s a reliable routing policy to the internet.


    B

    Backdoor

    A backdoor is a type of Trojan that allows a threat actor access to a system by bypassing its security. This term can also refer to the method of gaining access to user systems undetected.

    For an in-depth look at backdoors, see this page.

    Other forms: backdooring

    Bad sector

    A bad sector is a sector on a computer’s disk or flash drive that is already unusable. This is usually caused by physical damage.

    Bait advertising

    Bait advertising is an unethical advertising practice wherein customers are promised a sale or inexpensive item. However, once customers are interested, the advertiser makes the product unavailable then redirects them to a similar product that is more expensive.

    Synonym: Bait and switch advertising

    Banking Trojan

    A banking Trojan is a type of Trojan specifically created to harvest credentials and other sensitive financial and personal information stored and processed through online banking systems.

    Behavior

    In the context of computer malware, behavior refers to the actions malware performs on an affected system once executed.

    Behavioral biometrics

    Behavioral biometrics is a biometric modality that dynamically analyzes and quantifies unique identifiers and measurable human patterns. For more information, see this post on the use of behavioral biometrics in the financial sector.

    Big data

    Big data pertains to huge datasets that can be analyzed computationally to reveal trends, patterns, and associations. Companies use big data to improve their operations and make more intelligent decisions.

    Big-game hunting (BGH)

    Originally used within hunting circles, the term &#;big-game hunting (BGH)&#; in cybersecurity refers to the criminal tactic of going after high-earning organizations across industries in often sophisticated cyber attack campaigns.

    BGH could also be used to describe the process of focusing on high-value data or assets within a business.

    Binary

    A binary is a numerical system with only two different values: 0 and 1, or True and False. Binary is popular in both electronics and in computing.

    Biohacking

    In computing, biohacking is a form of hacking that refers to the application of IT concepts to biological systems, usually the human body.

    Biohacking can include the modification of the human body, such as introducing implants and other wearable computing tech.

    Biometrics

    Biometrics is the measurement and statistical analysis of people&#;s physical and behavioral characteristics. In biometrics authentication, personally identifiable and unique features are stored in order to give the holder access to certain resources.

    BIOS

    BIOS stands for &#;basic input/output system&#;. It is firmware used by the computer&#;s microprocessor to initialise the computer when the user physically turns it on.

    Bitcoin

    Bitcoin is a type of digital currency, or cryptocurrency, which is a payment medium that is not tied to a central bank or regulated by a governing body. Instead, it relies on secure storage of transactions on a technological platform known as blockchain.

    Bitcoin is a popular payment method among Internet criminals, as it uses a fast, reliable, and verifiable system.

    Black Friday

    Black Friday is regarded as the unofficial start of the Christmas shopping season. Starting from midnight on the Friday after US Thanksgiving, retailers open their doors and offer numerous specials and deep discounts. Because of this, consumers often go online or to brick-and-mortar retail shops en masse. Malwarebytes is offering Black Friday deals on Malwarebytes Premium and Malwarebytes Privacy VPN.

    Blacklist

    In computing, a blacklist usually refers to a list of domains and/or IP addresses that are known or suspected malicious servers and/or domains. These lists are used to protect users from receiving mail from the blacklisted servers or from browsing to dangerous sites hosted on these domains/IP addresses.

    Blended threat

    A blended threat is an attack that makes use of multiple vectors to gain leverage on a target. This could include malware, phishing, social engineering and more.

    Block cipher

    A block cipher is one of two methods of encryption. With this method, the plaintext is broken down into fixed-sized blocks before combining them with a key.

    Also see stream cipher.

    Blue Screen of Death (BSoD)

    A Blue Screen of Death (BSoD) occurs on Windows systems when a full blue screen appears to the user after encountering a fatal error.

    Bluejacking

    Bluejacking is the act of sending messages between mobile devices via Bluetooth wireless connection.

    Bluesnarfing

    Bluesnarfing refers to the unauthorized access and theft of information through a Bluetooth connection. Mobile devices, such as smartphones, laptops, and tablets that are Bluetooth-enabled can be affected by this.

    Bluetooth

    Bluetooth is a wireless technology mainly used for short distance connections between devices due to its low power signal. Communication is done at a bandwidth around GHz. It doesn&#;t need a line of sight to establish a connection.

    Boot

    In computing, to boot a system is to turn the device or machine on and load the OS into RAM. The boot-up process is made up of different stages, depending on the setup of the system and the OS that has to be loaded.

    Boot sector

    A boot sector is part of a physical information carrier (usually a hard drive) that contains the code that has to be loaded into a system&#;s RAM to start the actual boot process and load the OS. The boot sector is created when a volume is formatted.

    Boot sector virus

    A boot sector virus is malware that infects the boot sector of a drive or other storage device. During a boot, this sector is automatically located and loaded into memory, making them harder to remove, as they will load before normal removal software.

     

    Learn more:

    Computer virus

    Antivirus

    Bootkit

    A bootkit is a type of rootkit that alters or replaces the bootloader of the affected system in order to take control. To remove a bootkit, you need a bootable medium, which has the necessary tools to undo the changes made by the bootkit.

    Bot

    The word &#;bot&#; is a derivative of &#;robot.&#; It usually pertains to (1) one or more compromised machines controlled by a botmaster or herder to spam or launch DDoS attacks, or (2) an automated program coded with particular instructions to follow, which includes interacting with websites and humans via web interfaces (e.g., IMs).

    A collective of bots is called a botnet.

    Synonym: zombie machine

     

    Learn more:

    Bot

    Botnet

    DDoS

    Botnet

    A botnet is a collection of bots. The term also refers to the malware run on a connected device to turn it into a bot.

    Synonym: zombie network

     

    Learn more:

    Bot

    Botnet

    DDoS

    In computing, breadcrumbs are navigation aids that tell users exactly where they are while surfing on a site or in a set of folders. Breadcrumbs show the hierarchy of links on a site or the steps in the folder structure.

    Consider, for example, the address bar in a Windows explorer window, which contains breadcrumbs from a file to the folders in which it is contained.

    Bricking

    Bricking refers to the practice or act of rendering an electronic computing device—often a smartphone—useless or inoperable. Bricking usually happens by accident, such as when a firmware update gets interrupted.

    Bring your own device (BYOD)

    Bring your own device, abbreviated as BYOD, is a trend wherein employees bring their personal computing devices, usually a smartphone or laptop, to be used in the workplace. These devices are then connected to the company&#;s internal network, which may introduce additional risks to the company.

    Synonym: bring your own technology (BYOT)

    Browlock

    Browlock is a portmanteau of &#;browser&#; and &#;lock&#;. This term is used either (1) to describe the state of an internet browser when the user is unable to perform certain actions or (2) to pertain to a malware&#;s malicious control over browser windows. A browlock can close the open tab or window, block access to the desktop of the system, and stop you from navigating to another site. For more information, see this blog post on browser lockers.

    Browser helper object (BHO)

    A browser helper object (BHO) is a DLL component of Internet Explorer (IE) that provides added functionality to the browser.

    Brute force attack

    A brute force attack is a method wherein an application attempts to decode encrypted data, such as a password, by trial and error. A dictionary attack, for example, is a type that falls under this attack.

    See also password cracking application

     

    Buffer

    In computing, a buffer refers to the amount of data stored and shared between applications to compensate for the difference in speed with which these can handle the data. Consider, for example, your browser buffering (part of) a movie while downloading it and, at the same time, while your movie player plays it.

    Buffer overflow

    A buffer overflow is a computer anomaly wherein a program writes to a block of memory (or buffer) more than what it is allocated to hold.

    Synonym: Buffer overrun

    Bug bounty

    A bug bounty is a rewards program through which individuals can receive monetary compensation and/or recognition for finding flaws or vulnerabilities in a company&#;s software or system.

    Bundler

    A bundler is an assemblage of two or more software offered in one combined package. It usually contains (1) the main program a user is after and (2) bundleware. Many bundlers are found in freeware download sites. In some cases, these &#;free&#; software are actually trial versions of programs one commonly pays for.

    Bundleware

    Bundleware is a term used to collectively describe one or more software that comes in bundles as extra. This isn&#;t necessarily malicious.

    Bundleware that are dodgy at best have a few types:

    • Programs that are considered adware and PUPs. These may or may not offer users the option to opt out of the extra programs.
    • Programs that are useful but nobody wants to pay for their functionality, so the developer enters some monetization program that incorporates adware into his/her program.
    • PUPs that offer to install other PUPs from the same manufacturer during the installation.
    • Programs that also install software packages they need to run on the affected system.

    Malwarebytes detects these types.

    Burn

    In computing, to burn is to write data to a drive with a recordable disc (i.e. burn a CD or DVD). The data is written onto the disc using a laser and, until the invention of rewritable discs (RW), this was considered a one-time-only process.

    Business continuity management (BCM)

    Business continuity management is a term used to describe the holistic process of identifying an organization&#;s risk of exposure to potential threats found internally and/or externally and the impacts these may cause. Its goal is to prepare the organization to effectively respond to threats, protect the business&#;s interests, and ensure the continuity of the company in the event of such threats.

    Business email compromise (BEC)

    A business email compromise (BEC) is an attack wherein an employee, who is usually the CFO or someone from the Finance department, is socially engineered into wiring a large sum of money to a third-party account.

    Business process compromise (BPC)

    A business process compromise (BPC) is an attack wherein the threat actor targets weaknesses in an organization&#;s processes, systems, and loopholes in its operations to manipulate or alter them to their advantage. Unlike in business email compromise (BEC), BPC doesn&#;t rely on social engineering tactics.


    C

    Cache

    In computing, a cache is a temporary storage that is used to speed up future requests. For example, a browser cache stores contents of websites so they can be displayed faster the next time the user visits them. For information about DNS cache poisoning, have a look at the blog post, DNS hijacks: what to look for.

    Children&#;s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA)

    The Children&#;s Online Privacy Protection Act, or COPPA, is a privacy law that protects children under the age of It was first passed in The Federal Trace Commission (FTC) manages COPPA. To read more, go here.

    Cipher

    In cryptography, a cipher is the method of hiding text with encryption. The machine can hide text by replacing original letters with other letters and by substituting or transposing numbers and symbols.

    A cipher also refers to the encryption key that reveals the plaintext.

    Ciphertext

    A ciphertext is the encrypted form of a plaintext.

    Click fraud

    Click fraud is the practice of artificially inflating statistics of online advertisements by using automated clicking programs or hitbots.

    Synonym: Pay-per-click fraud

    See also ad fraud

    Clickbait

    Clickbait is content (especially a headline) that uses exaggeration and sensationalism to entice you into clicking on a link to a particular web page. Clickbait often leads to content of questionable value.

    Clickjacking

    Clickjacking is a type of attack that tricks a user into clicking a website element that is either invisible or disguised as another element. This hijacks a user&#;s click meant for one thing but leads to another. For example: instead of clicking a button to reply, a clickjacking attack on a Twitter user can make them re-tweet a malicious domain to followers instead.

    This is typically seen as browser security issue. However, such an attack can also take place in mobile applications.

    Clickjacking has different types, such as likejacking.

    Synonyms: User interface (UI) redress attack, UI redressing

    Cloud computing

    Cloud computing refers to the delivery of services that are hosted over the internet to computers and other computing devices. For more information, see this blog post on the cloud.

    See also Anything-as-a-Service (XaaS)

    Cloud phishing

    Cloud phishing refers to a phishing trend that uses the guise of cloud computing services to get users to click malicious links. Campaigns of this kind usually start off in emails and social media posts.

    Cobalt Strike

    Cobalt Strike is a legitimate tool used in penetration testing and threat emulation. While it is popular among pen testers, underground criminals are notorious for abusing the tool. They do this by making the tool a part of their attack campaigns.

    For more information, see this blog post on our take on Cobalt Strike, what it can do, and the problem it causes.

     

    Cold boot

    In computing, a cold boot happens when a system is powered up from its off state. Cold booting is sometimes used to remedy certain system hiccups.

    Other forms: Cold booting

    Command & control (C&C)

    Command & control, also called C&C or C2, is a centralized server or computer that online criminals use to issue commands to control malware and bots as well as to receive reports from them.

     

    Learn more:

    Hacking

    Malware

    Bots

    Botnet

     

    Companion virus

    A companion virus is an old type of virus that poses as a legitimate file by copying its file name but uses a different extension. It doesn&#;t modify files.

    Compromised

    Compromised sites (or servers) are otherwise legitimate sites that are being used by hackers without the owner’s knowledge. Compromised sites are often used to house and spread malware.

     

    Computer ethics

    Computer ethics is a philosophy concerned with how professionals in the field of computing should make decisions. Examples would be rules for disclosing of compromised information and vulnerabilities, copying of electronic content, and the impact of computers—AI, for example—on human lives.

    Computer science (CS)

    Computer science, abbreviated as CS, is a multi-disciplinary collection of studies in the fields that are related to digital information. Computer systems, the internet, programming, and data storage are some of the best-known fields.

    Computer-Aided Design (CAD)

    Computer-Aided Design, or CAD, is the use of computer technology to help with the design of two- or three-dimensional objects. This specialized type of software helps to design, modify, analyze, optimize, and even create objects in many fields, including architecture, mechanics, engineering, and art.

    Consumer fraud protection

    Consumer fraud protection is a law designed to shield consumers against goods and services that didn&#;t perform as advertised. Consumers are also protected against unfair trade (overcharging) and fraudulent credit practices.

    Cookie

    In the context of computing, a cookie is a text file that a website puts into a visitor&#;s computer to recognize them and keep track of their preference. A cookie can be stored temporarily (session cookie) or permanently on the hard disk (persistent cookie).

    For more information, see these blog articles:

    Crack

    A crack is either used as a:

    1. noun: A piece of software used to figure out passwords using a dictionary attack. It can also be a piece of software or tool used to illegally bypass certain software security features, such as copy protection.
    2. verb: The act of breaking into a secured computer system. The person doing the crack is called a cracker. Some argue that there are distinctions between a cracker and a hacker.

    Credential stuffing

    Credential stuffing is a popular tactic of attempting to access online accounts using username-password combinations acquired from breached data. This is usually done using an automated tool.

    Crimeware

    Crimeware is sophisticated software designed specifically for certain criminal acts, such as data theft, ransom, network poisoning, and communications monitoring.

    Cross-site scripting (XSS)

    Cross-site scripting is a type of injection attack wherein a vulnerability in web applications is exploited that allows a threat actor to inject malicious script into the site&#;s content. Affected trusted sites are made to deliver the malicious script to visitors.

    Crypter

    In malware research, this refers to a program that makes malware hard to read by researchers. The crudest technique for crypters is usually called obfuscation. A more elaborate blog post on that is Obfuscation: Malware’s best friend.

    Obfuscation is also used often in scripts, like JavaScript and VBScript. But most of the time, these are not difficult to bypass or de-obfuscate. More complex methods use actual encryption. More information about this and related subjects can be found in our blog post, Explained: Packer, Crypter, and Protector

    Cryptocurrency

    Cryptocurrency is a decentralized digital currency. It is the preferred payment method of ransomware authors, and it can be generated by mining scripts embedded on websites.

    Cryptocurrency mining

    Cryptocurrency mining, popularly known as cryptomining, is the process of adding new transactions to a public ledger of previous transactions (called the blockchain) and introducing new cryptocurrencies into the system. For more information, see this blog post on the dangers of drive-by mining and online ads.

    Cryptography

    Cryptography is the knowledge of sending and storing encrypted data. For more information, see this blog post on how to encrypt files and folder.

    Customer Relationship Management (CRM)

    Customer Relationship Management (CRM) refers to software that makes organizations work better. A CRM collects, keeps, and manages data of customer interactions from across all channels. Data is then analyzed and used to streamline processes, automate tasks, improve services, and make these services more personal (to name a few).

    Some of the benefits for using CRM includes employees becoming highly more efficient, knowledge sharing is improved among peers, and a greater understanding is achieved due to increased transparency in tasks and processes.

    CVE identifier

    A Common Vulnerabilities and Exposure (CVE) identifier is a unique number assigned to publicly known software vulnerabilities. It follows the format:

    Vendors and researchers alike consider CVE identifiers as standard for identifying vulnerabilities. For example, CVE is the CVE ID for the vulnerability commonly known as Heartbleed.

    Synonyms: CVE names, CVE IDs, CVE numbers, CVEs, vulnerability identifier

    Cyber Monday

    Cyber Monday is the marketing term given to the Monday after the Thanksgiving holidays in the United States. For more information, see this blog post on safe online shopping on Cyber Monday.

    Cyberbullying

    Cyberbullying is the act of threatening and intimidating others via electronic and digital means.

     

    Learn more:

    Internet safety

    Cyberbullying

    Cybercrime

    Cybercrime is the term referring to crimes that are related to computers and networks, including traditional crimes like fraud, blackmail, and identity theft that are done over the Internet or by using computing devices.


    D

    Data breach

    A data breach happens when data deemed sensitive, protected, or confidential were illegally accessed or disclosed. Individuals may have viewed, copied, transmitted, stolen, or used such data accidentally or deliberately. For an in-depth look at data breaches, see: What is a data breach?

    Data exfiltration

    Data exfiltration is an act of retrieving, copying, and transferring data, such as user credentials, about individuals or organizations without authorization.

    Synonym: Siphoning

    Data mining

    Data mining is the process of sifting through large data sets to identify patterns or generate new information.

    Data Privacy Day (DPD)

    Data Privacy Day (DPD) is an annual, international event that occurs every January Its purpose is to raise awareness about privacy and encourage internet users to follow data protection practices.

    DPD is observed by the USA, Canada, Israel, and Europe.

    In Europe, DPD is also known as Data Protection Day.

    For more information, see our blog post on why Data Privacy Day matters.

    Decryptor

    A decryptor is a tool used to transform unreadable data back to its original, unencrypted form. This is typically used by those affected by ransomware to restore their files.

    Deepfake

    A &#;deepfake&#; refers to recreated media of a person&#;s appearance (on a video or image) or voice by an artificial intelligence (AI).

    Definition

    In computer security, a definition is code written into a database that enables cybersecurity software programs to identify and detect specific, known families of malware. Definitions are used in signature-based detection methodology and therefore cannot be used to detect new or unknown forms of malware.

    Defragmentation

    Defragmentation is the process of reorganizing a file system so that files that were split up when saved and changed are put back together again. This removes pointers to and from the fragments and optimizes the speed with which these files can be used.

    Other forms: Defrag, defragment

    Destruction of service (DeOS)

    Destruction of service is an attack using IoT botnets that aim to destroy an organization&#;s backups and safety nets, which are used to recover critical systems and data after a cyber attack.

    Dialer

    A dialer can mean (1) a program or app that initiates the best connection for the number chosen by the user, (2) a program that connects a system to the internet over a telephone or ISDN line, or (3) malware that connects a system to a network or phone number with the intent to fraud.

    Other forms: Dialler

    Dictionary attack

    A dictionary attack is an act of penetrating password-protected computer systems or servers using large sets of words in a dictionary. This attack usually works as many users still use ordinary words for their passwords.

    See also brute force attack

    A digital footprint is the term used to describe the recorded—thus, traceable—internet or device activities of a particular person.

    Synonym: digital shadow

    Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS)

    A distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack is a network attack wherein threat actors force numerous systems (usually infected with malware) to send requests to a specific web server to crash, distract, or disrupt it enough that users are unable to connect to it.

    For a more in-depth look, see this page: DDoS attacks.

    DNS over HTTPS (DoH)

    DNS over HTTP (DoH) is an alternative to DNS over TLS (DoT). It is a work-in-progress, network security protocol wherein DNS requests and responses are encrypted and sent via HTTP or  HTTPS protocols instead of directly over UDP. This is to increase user privacy and security.

    DNS over TLS (DoT)

    DNS over TLS (DoT) is a network security protocol wherein DNS requests and responses are encrypted and not tampered with using the TLS security protocol. This is done to increase user security and privacy. DNS over HTTPS (DoH) is an alternative to DoT.

    Domain

    In computer security, a domain can refer to:

    1. A group of computers that are under the control of a common operator and administered as one unit, or
    2. The name of a Web resource following the rules of the Domain Name System (DNS), which translates the domain name into an IP address

    Domain administrator privileges

    Domain administrator privileges refer to administrator access to all machines within a network.

    Domain Name System (DNS)

    A Domain Name System, abbreviated as DNS, is an Internet protocol that translates user-friendly, readable URLs, such as storycall.us, to their numeric IP addresses, allowing the computer to identify a web server without the user having to remember and input the actual IP address of the server.

    Name Servers, or Domain Name Servers, host these translations. They are part of the overall Domain Name System.

    To learn how threat actors can abuse DNS protocols, read up on DNS hijackers, a type of malware that modifies users&#; DNS settings.

    Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC)

    Domain Name System Security Extensions, abbreviated as DNSSEC, is a set of extensions that add extra security to the DNS protocol. For more information, see this blog post on why we need DNSSEC.

    Downloader

    A downloader, or Trojan downloader, is malware with the sole intention of downloading other programs—usually more malware—to the affected system as soon as an Internet connection is available.

    Dox

    Dox is an informal abbreviation of the word &#;documents&#;. The term is used to describe the act of researching and disseminating private information about a person or organization. Many doxxers—those who dox—employ a number of techniques to gather information, such as searching the internet, hacking, and social engineering.

    Other form(s): doxing, doxxing

     

    Learn more:

    What is doxxing?

    Internet safety

    Drive-by download

    A drive-by download is the unintended download of one or more files, malicious or not, onto the user&#;s system without their consent or knowledge. It may also describe the download and installation of files bundled with a program that users didn&#;t sign up for.

     

    Learn more:

    Pharming

    Malvertising

    Trojan

    Drive-by mining

    Drive-by mining is a term coined to describe a method in which a piece of JavaScript code is embedded into a Web page to perform cryptocurrency mining on user machines that visit this page. For more information, see this blog post on drive-by mining and ads.

    Dropper

    A dropper, or Trojan downloader, is a type of malware that installs other malware on the affected system. The other malware is part of the same executable, which is usually in compressed form.

    Dwell time

    Dwell time refers to the amount of time passed from when malware has initially infiltrated a system to when it has been detected and removed.


    E

    Electronic sports (eSports)

    Electronic sports, or eSports, are basically video games competitions. Any computer- or console-game that has a multi-player competition qualifies as an eSport.

    Encryption

    Encryption is the process of changing data in a way that can not (easily) be undone (or decrypted) by parties that don&#;t have the decryption key. For more information, see this blog post on encryption and types of secure communication and storage.

    End-user

    The end-user is the person that a specific product is designed, developed, and created for. For this intended user, the product should be suitable (ease of use), and it should be a finished product.

    Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)

    An ERP is a suite of business management software that allows companies to collect, store, manage, and interpret data coming from multiple departments.

    EternalBlue

    EternalBlue is one of the handful of &#;exploitation tools&#; leaked by a group called The Shadow Brokers (TSB) that take advantage of weaknesses in how Windows implemented the Server Message Block (SMB) protocol. The WannaCry and NotPetya ransomware strains used this exploit to target unpatched systems.

    For more information, see this blog post on how threat actors are using SMB vulnerabilities in their attack campaigns.

     

    Learn more:

    WannaCry

    Ransomware

     

    Ethernet

    Ethernet is a networking technology commonly used in various networks, such as LAN, MAN, and WAN. It is so commonplace that most PC motherboards have a built-in Ethernet interface.

    Executable and Link format (ELF)

    An ELF file is an executable file format for the Linux and Unix platforms. Its known file extensions are .axf, .bin, .elf, .o, .prx, .puff, .ko, .mod, and .so.

    Exploit

    Exploits are a type of malware that takes advantage of bugs and vulnerabilities in a system in order to allow the exploit’s creator to take control.

    For an in-depth look at exploits, see this page.

    Exploit kit

    An exploit kit is a packaged collection of exploits for use by criminal gangs in spreading malware.

    Synonym: Exploit pack

    Extended Validation SSL Certificate (EV SSL)

    An Extended Validation SSL Certificate is an identity authentication solution used in HTTPS websites that tells users that the owner or operator of the site they&#;re interacting with is legitimate. A green bar displayed in the address bar denotes the presence of an EV SSL.


    F

    Family

    In computer security, a family refers to a group of malwarevariants that all exhibit at least one base characteristics.

    Fear, uncertainty, and doubt (FUD)

    Fear, uncertainty, and doubt is a disinformation strategy that is used as a weapon against competitors.

    In hacking, FUD could also mean &#;fully undetected,&#; which means (1) that data that is made to appear like random noise due to encryption, or (2) a piece of software that cannot be detected by AV tools and scanners.

    File type

    A file type is a name given to a specific kind of file. For example, a Microsoft Excel sheet file and a Python script file are two different file types. A file type is not the same as a file format.

     

    File-based attack

    A file-based attack is an attack where threat actors use certain file types, usually those bearing document file extensions like .DOCX and .PDF, to entice users to open them. The file in question is embedded with malicious code; thus, once opened, this code is also executed.

    Fingerprinting

    Fingerprinting refers to the process of gathering information about a system at first contact. It is commonly used by malware to determine whether a system is vulnerable to certain attacks.

    Firmware

    Firmware is software that is written to a hardware device&#;s memory. It is used to run user programs on said devices.

     

    Learn more:

    What is RAM?

    What is a hard drive?

    Foothold expansion is the act of creating backdoors that are used to re-enter a network after its initial infiltration.

    Fraud

    Fraudulent websites appear to be one thing, like a tech support site, a dating site, or a shopping site with illegal products or great deals, but they’re really scams to try to steal your information or credit card details.

    Freeware

    Freeware is software that comes without a cost. Some freeware may give the option of voluntary payments to the developer, which is typically be called donationware.

    Frequently asked questions (FAQ)

    Frequently asked questions, or FAQ, is a list drawn up around a particular subject of commonly asked questions and their answers. This list is often the first line of support for many products and answers many of the issues that users may have.


    G

    General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

    The General Data Protection Regulation is the standard data protection law affecting the European Union and its citizens that puts strict regulations on organizations on how personally identifiable information (PII) are to be controlled, processed, and stored. For more information, see this post on how businesses can adequately assess their readiness to GDPR.

    Globally unique identifier (GUID)

    A globally unique identifier is a unique number created by Microsoft applications to identify components, hardware, files, user accounts, etc.

    Graphical user interface (GUI)

    A graphical user interface, or GUI, is a type of interface that helps a user to control and manipulate software. The alternative is command line programs, which is generally perceived as challenging to understand and learn.

    Graymail

    Graymail is bulk solicited email that users opted-in to receiving at first, but after losing interest, just accumulates in the inbox until recipients decide to opt-out or report them as spam.

    Greyware

    Greyware is a classification of software that generally does annoying, disruptive, or undesirable tasks but not to the point of being malicious.

    Other forms: Grayware

     

    Learn more:

    Malware

    Computer virus

    Griefing

    In video gaming, particularly in MMORPG circles, griefing is the deliberate act of annoying, irritating, and generally causing other players grief. This is done by attacking and terminating other characters and destroying player property among others.


    H

    Hacker

    A hacker is a person that has a profound understanding of particular systems or processes. Their knowledge enables them to use those subjects for other purposes than what they were initially designed for.

    For an in-depth look at hackers, see this page.

    Hacktivism

    Hacktivism is a portmanteau of &#;hacking&#; and &#;activism&#;. Hacktivism is the defacement of a website where the compromise isn&#;t as significant as the statement the hackers make through it.

    Hacktivist

    Hacktivist is a combination of “hack” and “activist.” A hacktivist is someone who breaks into computer systems (hacking) for the purpose of political or social activism. Hacktivists may work alone or in groups.

    Hash value

    A hash value is an alphanumeric string that uniquely identifies data or files. MD5, SHA-1, and SHA-2 are three of its known algorithms.

    Synonym: Hash code

    Heap spray

    In the context of computer security, a heap spray is an old technique that allows vulnerable systems to be taken advantage of easily. This happens when threat actors write to the heap—a predetermined location in the computer&#;s memory—for a running program. This task of writing is often referred as &#;spraying the heap&#;. And then, at a later time, these same attackers will take advantage of a vulnerability to cause the exploit code to call commands in the heap.

    Other form(s): Heap spraying

     

    Learn more:

    Exploits

    Heap spraying

    Heap spraying is a technique wherein code is written in various places in the heap (memory allocated for the use of programs) for malicious software to refer to at a later date, giving exploits a higher chance of success.

    Other forms: Heap spray, &#;spraying the heap&#;

    Heartbleed

    Heartbleed is the term used to refer to a vulnerability in some OpenSSL implementations. This vulnerability&#;s official identifier is CVE For more information, see this blog post on systems still unpatched five years after Heartbleed&#;s discovery.

    Heuristic analysis

    Heuristic analysis is a scanning technique used by many antivirus programs wherein they look for certain malicious behaviors from potentially new and undetected variants.

    Other forms: Heuristics

     

    Learn more:

    Antivirus

    Zero-day

    Hibernation

    Is a state of inactivity to save energy. In computing this expression is used for powering down a computer while preserving the state it is in. The content of the RAM (Random Access Memory) is saved to a drive (usually the main hard disk of the system) and will be restored in RAM as soon as the system is brought back out of hibernation. Not to be confused with sleep mode, which is another energy saving method that uses a little energy to keep the data in RAM. The advantage of sleep mode is that the system is ready for use almost instantaneously where waking from hibernation takes some time.

    Hijacker

    A hijacker is a type of malware that modifies a web browser&#;s settings without users&#; permission, usually to inject unwanted ads into the browser or redirect to scam sites.

    Synonyms: browser hijacker

     

    Learn more:

    SQL injection

    Pharming

    Safe browser

    Hoax

    A hoax is a term we use to generally describe a fake or false warning. For more information, see this blog post on a more in-depth look at hoaxes.

    Synonyms: scams and shams

    Homograph

    A homograph is, by definition, a word of the same written form as another but of different meaning and usually origin, whether pronounced the same way or not. But in cybersecurity, this is expanded to include words that look the same.

    Homograph attacks

    A homograph attack is a method of deception wherein a threat actor leverages on the similarities of character scripts to create and register phony domains of existing ones to fool users and lure them into visiting. For more information, see this blog post on an in-depth look at homograph attacks.

    Synonym: homoglypth attacks, Punycode attack, script spoofing, homograph domain name spoofing

    Host Intrusion Prevention System (HIPS)

    A Host Intrusion Prevention System, or HIPS, is a software package that monitors for suspicious activities occurring within a host machine. For more information, see this blog post on how HIPS work.

    Host-based solution

    A host-based solution refers to software that is installed in end-point systems as opposed to a centralized solution.

    Hyper-Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP)

    The Hyper-Text Transfer Protocol is a set of underlying rules used in the World Wide Web, defining how files are transferred and formatted, and how web servers and internet browsers should respond to specific commands.

    Hyper-Text Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS)

    In a nutshell, Hyper-Text Transfer Protocol Secure is secure HTTP. This means that file transference and communication over the network is protected due to encryption on both the server side and the client side.


    I

    Identity and access management (IAM)

    Identity and access management (IAM) is a collective term pertaining to processes, services, and technologies that allow the right individuals and groups to access the right resources within a network.

    Identity theft

    Identity theft is an electronic and real-world crime of deliberately using someone else&#;s information to commit fraud. Usually, identity thieves are  financially motivated, consequently disadvantaging their target.

    Incident scope

    In a malware attack against enterprises, an incident scope generally refers to the extent of damage against the organization, how much data has been stolen, what the attack surface is, and how much it’d cost them to resolve the attack and prevent it from happening again in the future.

    Indicator of compromise (IOC)

    Indicators of compromise, or IOC, can be found after a system intrusion. These indicators can be IP addresses, domains, hashes of malware files, virus signatures, and similar artifacts.

    Infection vector

    In cybersecurity, an infection vector refers to the transmission channel of a malware. To know this, ask &#;How did the malware arrive on my computer/network?&#;

     

    Learn more:

    Malware

    Antivirus

     

    Information Technology (IT)

    Information Technology, or IT, is the study or the use of systems for storing, retrieving, and sending information.

    Injection attacks

    Injection attacks is a broad term referring to a certain attack vector. Usually, malicious code is used in such attacks; but generally speaking, attackers provide input that, once interpreted, alters the execution or outcome of a program. Injection attacks have several types. They include:

     

    Learn more:

    SQL injections

    Hacking

    Malware

    Input/Output (I/O)

    Input/Output, or I/O, is an expression used to describe any information exchange between a computer system and the outside world. Usually, an I/O is illustrated (but are not limited to) as the traffic between a system and peripheral devices.

    Intellectual property

    Intellectual property refers to creations of the mind, whether they are inventions, art, designs, names, or commercial images. Laws on intellectual property differ from one country to the other, but they usually protect the rights of the person or company that first successfully claims coming up with the creation.

    Internationalized domain names (IDN)

    Internationalized domain names, or IDN, is a domain name containing at least one non-ASCII character. They enable internet users from all over the world can create and register domain names using their own native language.

    Internet of things (IoT)

    The internet of things, or IoT, represents a host of internet-connected devices that do not require direct human input. For more information, see this blog post on what an IoT security is and what it should never be.

    Internet Service Provider (ISP)

    An ISP is a company that provides users with internet services, such as basic connections, broadband, web hosting, and a range of other services.

    Intranet

    An intranet is a private network with restricted access. It is usually set up by or for a company that only to the members of the company can access.

    Intrusion Prevention System (IPS)

    An Intrusion Prevention System, or IPS, monitor network traffic to determine whether a security breach or malware infection has taken place. When applicable, they can intervene in such cases as pre-determined by the network administrator to avoid further damage.

    IP address

    An IP address is a number assigned to each system that is participating in a network using the Internet Protocol, such as the World Wide Web.

     


    J

    Jailbreak

    In computing, to jailbreak means to modify a device, usually a smartphone, by removing any restrictions imposed by the device manufacturer, such as the downloading and installation of unauthorized software or apps from third-party markets.

    Other forms: jailbreaking

    Joke programs

    A joke program is a file that may not have a malicious payload but may inconvenience the user in another way. For example, it might play loud audio files, or pop up a funny video, or move the mouse cursor around the desktop.

     

    Learn more:

    Malware

    Keylogger

     

    Juice jacking

    Juice jacking is a cyberattack against unsuspecting targets via their mobile devices. This happens when the target plugs their device into a USB port to charge; however, the charging port also functions as a data connection, so threat actors can abuse this. Malware could be introduced to the device via the USB port or the USB cable itself, or sensitive information could be quietly retrieved from the device.

     

    Junk mail

    Junk mail is, essentially, email spam.

     

    Learn more:

    What is spam?


    K

    Key generator

    A key generator, or popularly known as keygen, is a piece of software that generates random keys—usually software product keys—for the purpose of letting the user activate and operate a program without them actually purchasing it.

    Keylogger

    In the context of malware, a keylogger is a type of Trojan spyware that is capable of stealing or recording user keystrokes. You can learn more at our dedicated keylogger page.

    For an in-depth look at keyloggers, see this page.

    Other forms: keylogger, keylogging

    Synonyms: keystroke logger, system monitor

    Keystream

    In cryptography, a keystream is a stream of random or pseudorandom characters you combine with plaintext to make a cyphertext.

    Keystroke

    A keystroke is one stroke of any key on a machine operated by a keyboard, such as a typewriter or a computer terminal. Sometimes keystrokes per hour (KSPH) or keystrokes per minute (KSPM) are used as a standard of typing speed.


    L

    Latency

    In computing, latency generally means a time delay from system input to desired output. This can be defined differently, depending on context.

     

    Lateral movement

    Lateral movement refers to various techniques and/or tactics that threat actors use that allow them to move through a network to access or search for critical assets and data within a network. At times, they employ this to control remote systems.

    Layered Service Provider (LSP)

    A Layered Service Provider (LSP) is a Windows feature that allows software to tap into data flowing through the network. It can intercept, filter, and even modify all the traffic between the internet and a system&#;s applications. For more information, see this blog post for an overview on how legit and illegitimate programs use LSPs.

    Linux

    Linux is a favorite and most used free, open-sourced operating system to date. This term also denotes a family of OS distributions (or distro) built around the Linux kernel.

    Local administrator privilege

    A local administrator privilege refers to administrator privileged access to a specific machine within a network, allowing an owner to make system configurations, install and uninstall software, and use other OS components.

    Local administrator privileges

    Refers to administrator access to a specific machine within a network, allowing an owner to make system configurations, install and uninstall software, and use other privileged OS components. The owner of the machine is usually (and by default) the administrator.

    Local Area Network (LAN)

    A Local Area Network, or LAN, is a network of computers and other devices spread over a relatively small space, e.g., a building or group of buildings. Usually, these devices all connect to a server or group of servers by ethernet or Wi-Fi.

    Localhost

    On any given system, the localhost refers to &#;This computer.&#; It uses the IP address to use the loopback function to reach the resources stored on the system itself.


    M

    MAC address

    A MAC address is your computer hardware&#;s unique number. MAC stands for Media Access Control.

    Machine code

    Machine code is the basic or fundamental language of computers. It is composed of binary numbers.

    Synonym: machine language

    Machine learning (ML)

    Machine learning is a form or subset of artificial intelligence (AI) where computers make use of large data sets and statistical techniques to improve at specific tasks without being manually reprogrammed.

    Macro

    Macro is a set of commands that application users group together and save, so they can execute it with a single command or keystroke.

    Macro virus

    A macro virus is malware written in the same macro language used in software applications, examples of which are Microsoft Word and Microsoft Excel.

     

    Learn more: 

    Antivirus

    Computer virus

    Madware

    Madware is aggressive advertising on mobile devices, particularly tablets and smartphones.

     

    Learn more:

    Malware

    Adware

    Malvertising

    Magecart

    Magecart is the collective name given to several groups of online criminals who engage in web skimming. They usually target the Magento system, a highly popular e-commerce platform, of online shops to steal customer payment card information.

    Mail bomb

    &#;Mail bomb&#; is a verb pertaining to the act of sending too much email to a person, group, or systems.

    Other form(s): Mail bombing

    Malspam

    Malspam, short for malware spam or malicious spam, is spam email that delivers malware. While regular spam is simply any unsolicited email, malspam contains infected attachments, phishing messages, or malicious URLs. It can also deliver a myriad of malware types, including ransomware, Trojans, bots, info-stealers, cryptominers, spyware, and keyloggers.

    Malware

    Malware, or “malicious software,” is an umbrella term that refers to any malicious program or code that is harmful to systems.

    For an in-depth look at malware, see this page.

    Man-in-the-Browser (MitB)

    A man in the browser is a form of Man-in-the-Middle (MiTM) attack wherein malware—usually a Trojan—is used to intercept and manipulate communication between the internet browser and its mechanisms or libraries to commit fraud.

    Other forms of abbreviation include: MIB, MiB, MITB

    Man-in-the-Middle (MitM)

    In cybersecurity, a Man-in-the-Middle (MitM) attack happens when a threat actor manages to intercept and forward the traffic between two entities without either of them noticing. In addition, some MitM attacks alter the communication between parties, again without them realizing.

    To pull this off, the attacker should not only be convincing in their impersonation  but also be able to follow and influence the conversation between two or more parties.

    A MitM attack can be done between browser and Internet, for example, or between a Wi-Fi hotspot and an Internet user.

    Managed service provider (MSP)

    A managed service provider (MSP) is a company that proactively offers remote support to a client&#;s IT infrastructure or endpoints. Oftentimes, this term is used interchangeably with &#;cloud service provider&#;.

    Master Boot Record (MBR)

    Typically, the Master Boot Record (MBR) is the first sector on a startup drive or other partitioned media. It contains a bootloader, an executable code that works as a loader for the OS. For more information, see this blog post for a deep dive on MBRs.

    Synonyms: partition sector, master partition table

    Memory dump

    A memory dump is content of a system&#;s RAM (random access memory) created at a specific point in time. This is usually done at the moment of a program crash or system failure and used to diagnose the problem. However, this can also be made manually for memory forensics, such as investigating advanced malware (e.g. fileless).

    A memory resident program possesses the ability to remain in memory, and can be a common trait of certain pieces of malware.

    Metadata

    Metadata is data about data. It gives background information, such as origin, relevance, and creation, about data. Examples are geotags in media files (say, where was a photograph taken) and author and data modified in document files.

    Metropolitan area network (MAN)

    A metropolitan area network (MAN) is a network of LANs. It spans an entire campus or an entire city, but it&#;s smaller than a WAN.

    Middelware

    Middleware is software that sits between the OS and the software it runs, thus the name. Middleware provides additional services to these software that the OS cannot. For example, middleware allows users to submit a form on a web browser, or allows a server to return results based on user queries.

    Miner

    Miner is also known as cryptocurrency miner. This is a form of malware that uses the resources of an infected system to mine cryptocurrency (e.g. Bitcoins) for the threat actor.

    Mitigation

    In computing, mitigation is the process or act of containing the impact and/or risk from an attack. Remediation usually follows mitigation.

    Money mule

    A money mule is someone who is tricked into accepting money from scammers, keeping it in their account for a period of time, and then forwarding it on to a second account. For more information, see this blog post on children and young adults as the next generation money mules.

    Other forms: Money muling, muling

    Multi-factor authentication (MFA)

    Multi-factor authentication (MFA) suggests using two or more authentication protocols. The most well-known MFA is two-factor authentication (2FA). Both represent the combination of more than one method of gaining access to a resource. For more information, see this blog post on the basics of 2FA.

    Multi-tenancy

    Muti-tenancy refers to a software architecture in which a single instance of software running in a server can cater to multiple users. A tenant is referred to here as the user.

    Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)

    Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) is an enhancement of the Short Message Service (SMS), which allows users to send longer messages (SMS is limited to characters) accompanied by pictures, short videos, and audio over a cellular network.

    Multiplatform

    Multiplatform, or cross-platform, is an expression to describe software that has been developed to work on multiple operating systems.

    Mumblehard malware

    Mumblehard malware is a type of malware that specifically targets Linux and BSD servers, using spambots to compromise systems. It derived its name from the spam being &#;mumbled&#; out of affected systems and servers.


    N

    National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC)

    The National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) is an organization in the United Kingdom that gives cyber security guidance and support to the public and private sectors. Its headquarters is in London.

    National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

    The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is a unit of the US Commerce Department that promotes and maintains measurement standards. It was formerly known as the National Bureau of Standards.

    National Security Agency (NSA)

    The National Security Agency (NSA) is an intelligence agency of the US Department of Defense that monitors, processes, and collects information and data for the purpose of foreign and domestic intelligence and counterintelligence.

    Near-field communication (NFC)

    Near-field communication (NFC) is a short-range communication standard co-developed by Sony and Philips. Like Bluetooth, NFC is also a wireless means of doing peer-to-peer (P2P) data transfer without an internet connection. For NFC to work, two devices must either be touched together or be a few centimeters away of each other. A majority of modern smartphones come with NFC.

    Net neutrality

    Net neutrality is a concept, principle, or idea that ISPs must treat all internet data equally, regardless of its kind, source, or destination. The term was first coined in by Tim Wu, a professor at Columbia Law School.

    Other form(s): network neutrality

    Synonym: internet neutrality

    Network

    In computing, the definition of a network is a group of two or more computers or systems linked together. For example, your home network might consist of several devices that connect to a central router, including your desktop, gaming consoles, laptops, phones, and other Internet-connected gadgets.

    A prime property of networks is their topology, or the way they are laid out, connect to one another, and communicate with one another. The main topologies of networks are:

    • Mesh: every device, or node, is connected to one another. This is the most secure network that can handle the highest amount of traffic, but it&#;s also the most expensive.
    • Star: every device connects through a central hub. This allows for other nodes to stay online if one goes down, but if the central hub/server goes down, the entire network goes with it.
    • Bus: every device is connected by one cable that acts as the backbone of the network. This also allows for other nodes to stay online if one goes down, but any problems with the cable render the entire network useless. It&#;s the cheapest option, but not optimal for large networks.
    • Ring: every device is connected in a circular fashion, and the data travels in one direction. This configuration is easy to install and manage, and can handle large volumes of traffic. Expanding the network is time-consuming, however, and if one computer goes down, so does the network.
    • Tree: a hybrid topology that connects clusters of star networks to a single bus line. This helps to divide and manage a larger network, but can be just as easily taken down as a bus configuration.

    Network perimeter

    A network perimeter refers to the boundary between a private network and a public network, such as the World Wide Web.

    Network segmentation

    In computer networking, network segmentation is the practice of dividing a network into subnetworks to boost performance and improve security.

    NewTab

    NewTab is software that changes the default page of a new tab on the browser. This can result in similar negative effects and behavior to browser toolbars or browser hijackers. NewTab can manipulate browser(s) to change their home page or search provider in order to hijack Internet traffic and inject advertisements.


    O

    Obfuscation

    Obfuscation is when malware deliberately tries to obscure its true intent to potential victims, and/or attempts to hide portions of code from malware researchers performing analysis.

     

    Learn more:

    Malware

    Open Systems Interconnection (OSI)

    Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) is a model that defines a networking framework to implement protocols in seven layers:

    1. Physical
    2. Data Link
    3. Network
    4. Transport
    5. Session
    6. Presentation
    7. Application

    This model was designed by ISO (International Organization for Standardization) as a design template for building network systems. The lower layers deal with electrical signals, chunks of binary data, and routing of these data across networks. Higher levels cover network requests and responses, representation of data, and network protocols as seen from a user&#;s point of view.

    Operating system (OS)

    An operating system (OS) is software that supports a computer&#;s basic functions, such as executing applications, controlling peripherals, and scheduling tasks. The most well-known operating systems are Microsoft Windows, Linux, Apple macOS and iOS, Android, and Google&#;s Chrome OS.

    Opportunistic attack

    In contrast to a targeted attack, an opportunistic attack involves malware that is distributed in large numbers for anyone to download or injected into websites for anyone to access. Well-known methods are email and exploit kits.

    Synonym: mass malware


    P

    Packer

    Packer is usually short for runtime packers. It is also known as self-extracting archives, which is software that unpacks itself in memory when the “packed file” is executed. Finally, this technique is also called executable compression.

    This type of compression was invented to make files smaller so that users wouldn’t have to unpack them manually before they could be executed. However, given the current size of portable media and faster Internet speeds, the need for smaller files is not that urgent anymore. So when you see some packers being used nowadays, it is almost always for malicious purposes: to make reverse engineering more difficult, with the added benefit of a smaller footprint on the infected machine. For more information about this subject, have a look at the blog post Explained: Packer, Crypter, and Protector.

    Passcode

    A passcode is essentially a short and simple password. This could be the four-digit numerical code to unlock a smart phone or a banking PIN number, for example.

    Passphrase

    A passphrase is essentially a complex password made up of a sequence of words. The difference between a passphrase and a regular password is that passphrases are more complex because of the presence of spaces and their longer lengths.

    Password

    In cybersecurity, a password is a method of authentication used to gain entry into an online account. Passwords are typically made up of a combination of letters and numbers, sometimes with special characters included. It&#;s generally understood that the longer a password is, the more secure it is.

    Username and password combinations have become popular modes of authentication due to their relative ease of use. However, the growing need for longer and more complex passwords, each one unique for each online account, has diminished that ease of use a bit.

    Password cracking

    Password cracking, like password guessing, is another &#;brute force&#; method of attack against encrypted accounts or systems. However, it&#;s less about guessing and more about working with an acquired list of passwords hashes or the database itself. These hashes can be obtained via network sniffing.

    Password cracking application

    A password cracking application is typically a tool designed to recover a password from a system, or brute force its way in by manner of guessing the right password.

    Password guessing

    Password guessing is a &#;brute force&#; method of gaining access to an encrypted account or system by systematically guessing its password. Typically, a dictionary type scheme is used to do this. Guessing a password successfully is only possible in the event that weak passwords are used.

    Password guessing shouldn&#;t be confused with password cracking.

    Synonym: PG-ing

     

    Learn more: 

    What is a password manager?

    Brute force attack

    Password manager

    A password manager is a software application designed to store and manage online credentials. It also generates passwords. Usually, these passwords are stored in an encrypted database and locked behind a master password. For more information, see this blog post for a longer brief on password managers, and what to do if you&#;re opposed to using one.

    Payload

    In cybersecurity, a payload is malware that the threat actor intends to deliver to the victim. For example, if a cybercriminal sent out an email with a malicious Macro as the attachment and the victim gets infected with ransomware, then the ransomware is the payload (and not the email or document).

     

    Learn more:

    Malware

    Ransomware

    Computer virus

    Peer-to-peer (P2P)

    Peer-to-peer, sometimes abbreviated as P2P, involves the sharing of files and/or resources between two computers connected to each other through a network. Each of these computers become a file server to the other.

    Penetration testing

    Penetration testing, or pen testing, is the practice of running controlled attacks on a computer system, network, software, or other application in an attempt to find unpatched vulnerabilities or flaws. By performing pen tests, an organization can find ways to harden their systems against possible future real attacks, and thus make them less exploitable.

    Peopleware

    Peopleware is the term used to refer to the role of humans/people in information technology, such as the creation of hardware and software.

    Personal identification number (PIN)

    A personal identification number (PIN) is a set of numeric or alphanumeric characters used for authentication. While typically used in ATMs and point-of-sale card transactions, PINs are also used by operating systems like Windows and macOS.

    Personally Identifiable Information (PII)

    Personally Identifiable Information (PII) is the term used for data that can be tracked back to one specific user. Examples of PII are names, social security numbers, biometrics, and other information that, in combination with other data, could be enough to identify a user.

    &#;Personally Identifiable Information&#; also has a legal definition, depending on the country and its laws. Personally Identifiable Information in one state may not include the same type of information as &#;personal information&#; or &#;personal data&#; in another state, but the purpose of these laws is often the same—to protect the types of data that could reveal a person&#;s identity.

    Pharma

    Pharma is short for “pharmacy.” In cybersecurity, the expression refers to spam or websites that traffic in fake or illegal medication. These sites may also sell legal medication, but in violation of local laws.

    Phishing

    Phishing scams attempt to obtain your information by presenting themselves as legitimate websites, then asking for your password, credit card details, or other sensitive information.

     

    Learn more: 

    Phishing

    Social engineering

    Spam

     

    Phishing kit

    A phishing kit is a set of materials and tools that allows scammers with little technical ability to create a convincing phish. Someone in need of a large-scale attack also uses a kit to deploy a phishing campaign at short notice.

     

    Learn more: 

    Phishing

    Social engineering

    Spam

    Phreaking

    Phreaking is the act of hacking into telecommunication systems, primarily to obtain free phone calls.

    Plaintext

    Before, plaintext just refers to any text, text file, or document containing text with no special formatting. The definition of the word has expanded to include any data that can be viewed in its original, plain form as opposed to its encrypted form.

    Other form(s): plain text, plain-text

    Platform

    A platform is most commonly the software used to operate a PC, such as an operating system.

    Point-of-sale (PoS) malware

    Point-of-sale (PoS) malware usually targets payment terminals and card readers to compromise payment data and send it to criminals.

    Polymorphism

    In the context of malware terminology, polymorphism is the ability of code to change its identifiable features while maintaining its functionality. Because of this ability, polymorphic malware like Emotet are difficult to detect.

    Portable device

    A portable device is a device that can easily be carried around, such as a laptop, notebook, tablet, or phone.

    The Portable Executable (PE) file header contains the metadata about the executable file itself. At its bare minimum, it comprises of the following: a DOS stub, a signature, the architecture of the file’s code, a time stamp, a pointer, and various flags.

    Power User

    A power user is typically someone performing specific tasks or functions to a higher level than others, often with specialised equipment or tools to get the tasks done.

    PowerShell

    PowerShell is a configuration management framework that allows system administrators and power-users to perform administrative tasks via a command line.

    Preinstalled software

    Preinstalled software is software that typically comes pre-loaded on a new computer separate from the operating system. Most preinstalled software is not necessary for the proper functioning of the computer. In some cases, it may have the negative effect of impacting the computer&#;s performance by using memory, CPU, and hard drive resources.

    Privilege escalation

    An act or event that occurs when a threat actor or unauthorized user achieves full access to normally restricted resources on a computing device’s operating system (OS) it has gained access to.

    Professional Service Automation (PSA)

    A PSA is software that allows companies to manage their resources efficiently. It is used from start to finish of a project&#;s lifecycle, which usually begins from assigning people up to billing the client once the project is done.

    Proof of concept

    A proof of concept (PoC) is a demonstration that a certain idea or method works. In computer security this often means that hackers show that they have been able to make use of a security flaw in software or hardware.

     

    Learn more:

    Exploits

    Hacking

     

    Protector

    In malware research, a protector is software intended to prevent tampering and reverse engineering of programs. The methods used can—and usually will—include both packing and encrypting. This combination, plus added features, makes what is usually referred to as a protector. Researchers are then faced with protective layers around the payload, making reverse engineering difficult.

    A completely different approach, which also falls under the umbrella of protectors, is code virtualization, which uses a customized and different virtual instruction set every time you use it to protect your application. Of these protectors, there are professional versions that are used in the gaming industry against piracy. More information about this and related subjects can be found in our blog post, Explained: Packer, Crypter, and Protector

    Proxy

    A proxy is something which sits between your computer and whatever you may be connecting to, shielding your true identity from it. These are mostly used for increased anonymity.

    Proxy server

    A proxy server is something that sits between your device and the servers you&#;re making requests to. A benefit of this is shielding some of your information, such as your IP address.

    Pseudocode

    Pronounced as soo-doh-kohd. It is a detailed human-readable yet detailed description of what a computer program or algorithm is supposed to do. Pseudocode is often used in developing a program. It also provides programmers a template to follow in writing their code.

    Related blog post(s):

    PUM

    Stands for potentially unwanted modification. This is an alteration made to a computer’s registry (or other settings), which either damages the computer or changes its behaviour, without knowledge of the user. Such unwanted alterations can be done by legitimate software, malware, grayware, or PUP.

    Punycode

    Is a method of encoding that converts Unicode to ASCII. This is especially helpful when representing non-Latin or foreign characters that are used in Internet host names.

    Related blog post(s):

    PUP

    PUPs, or Potentially Unwanted Programs, are programs that may include advertising, toolbars, and pop-ups that are unrelated to the software you downloaded. PUPs often come bundled with other software that you installed.


    Q

    QR Code

    A QR code is a 2-dimensional barcode. They are squares filled with black and white blocks invented to keep track of cars during manufacturing.

    Quarantine

    In computing terms, to quarantine is when a potentially malicious file is placed into a &#;safe&#; location by the onboard security software, so that it can do no harm while the user decides what to do with it.


    R

    RAM scraping

    RAM scraping, or memory scraping, is the act of scanning the memory of digital devices, such as point-of-sale (PoS) systems, to retrieve sensitive personal and banking information. PoS malware can usually perform RAM scraping.

     

    Learn more:

    What is RAM?

    Random access memory (RAM)

    A random access memory (RAM) is a computer hardware device where the OS, installed software applications, and data the user currently uses is stored so it would be easier for the processor to retrieve them. It is the main memory of a computer.

     

    Learn more:

    What is RAM?

    What is a hard drive?

     

     

    Ransomware

    Ransomware is a form of malware that locks you out of your device and/or encrypts your files, then forces you to pay a ransom to get them back.

    For an in-depth look at ransomware, see this page.

    RAR

    RAR files, like other archives, are essentially data containers where one or more files are stored in compressed form. WinRAR is the software typically used to compress these files. RAR files use the .rar extension.

    Recon

    Is short for reconnaissance, which (in the context of information security) describes an act of a threat actor using remote access tools (RAT) to gain access to a target system to assess items of value and map the network landscape.

    Remediation

    In computing, this is the process or method of correcting system changes, regardless of severity, on the affected system. Mitigation usually precedes remediation.

    Remote access

    Is controlling a computer system from another location. There are many programs that enable this method of working. Unfortunately, it is also a tool of choice for Tech Support Scammers.

    Remote administration tool (RAT)

    A software program that allows users to control another system as if they have physical access to it.

    Remote code execution (RCE) attack

    A remote code execution (RCE) attack happens when a threat actor illegally accesses and manipulates a computer or server without authorization from its owner. A system can be taken over using malware.

     

    Learn more: 

    Malware

    Hacking

    Remote desktop protocol (RDP)

    Remote desktop protocol (RDP) is a network communications protocol that allows remote management of assets. Network administrators normally use RDP to diagnose problems on the endpoint.

    Remote user

    Is someone who operates or accesses a computing device from an off-site location.

    Retrovirus

    A retrovirus is also referred to as an anti-anti-virus virus. This means that it tries to attack and disable any anti-virus or protective software on the system it is trying to infect to avoid detection.

    Revenge porn

    Revenge porn is the distribution of sexually explicit material, such as images and videos, of someone without their consent whether they know such material existed or not. Usually, revenge porn is initiated by former intimate partners of the subject to humiliate them.

    Other form(s): revenge pornograpy

    Synonym: image-based sexual abuse

    Riskware

    Riskware, or “risky software,” describes legitimate software programs that contain loopholes or vulnerabilities that can be exploited by hackers for malicious purposes.

    Robocall

    A robocall is an automated phone call that delivers a recorded message. Normally, political parties, schools, and telemarketing companies use robocall. But scammers are known to abuse robocalls. For more information, see this blog post for a deep dive on robocalling.

     

    Learn more:

    Scam calls

    Rootkit

    A rootkit is software, generally classified as malware, that provides the attacker with administrator privileges on the infected system and actively hides. They also hide from other software on the system, often even from the operating system.

    RunPE Technique

    A common technique malware uses: running the original executable, suspending it, unmapping from the memory, mapping the payload on its place, and running it again.


    S

    Safe Mode

    It’s a boot option that loads only the most basic drivers needed for Windows to run. There are different sets of drivers that can be loaded, depending on the kind of “Safe Mode” the user selects. For more information, see the article safe mode.

    Sandbox solution

    A type of solution wherein IT administers run a program in a controlled environment to determine whether it is safe to deploy within their network or not.

    Scam

    In cybersecurity, scams are attempts to obtain money or something else of value through dishonest means, mostly over the Internet, though sometimes with a phone call.

    Screen scraper

    A screen scraper is a form of malware capable of taking screenshots or gathering data from the visible desktop to send them back to its controller.

    Screenlocker

    A screenlocker can either be a legitimate program that locks a PC while users are away from the desk, or a piece of malware, which could be anything from a &#;prank&#; software to ransomware. The latter locks a desktop while encrypting files to blackmail a victim into paying a ransom.

    Script kiddie

    A script kiddie is a derogatory term given to hackers who may feel have no technical ability. Some wear the name as a badge of pride.

    Search neutrality

    Search neutrality is a concept asserting that the rules for net neutrality should be applied to search engines.

    Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)

    A Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is an

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    Phone Facebook locate iPhone 11 Pro

    Contents:

  • Prettier in person
  • How to Find Hidden Messages in Facebook Messenger on your iPhone
  • How to fix Facebook app that keeps crashing on your iPhone 11 Pro after updating to iOS

  • Discussion threads can be closed at any time at our discretion. Don't show this again. Facebook really hopes iOS 13 won't scare you off using its location tracking Apple's iOS 13 and iPadOS give users more control over their location data.

    Prettier in person

    Carrie Mihalcik. So if you want to share a file with someone using AirDrop, just point your iPhone at theirs and they'll be the first on the list. With iOS The feature makes more sense if you're placed in a crowded room and quickly need to share content wirelessly. However, that's just one use case of the many possibilities that the ultra-wideband chip offers. Apple was previously rumoured to introduce a new tracking accessory but the Cupertino-based company didn't announce such a product during its special event on Tuesday.

    For the latest tech news and reviews , follow Gadgets on Twitter , Facebook , and subscribe to our YouTube channel. And the iPhone 11 Pro's night mode also produces better photos in my opinion — sharper details from corner to corner, and better tones and contrast to preserve a scene's mood. Whereas night mode on other phones brighten a scene to the point it looks artificial or flat, the iPhone 11 Pro's night mode more delicately balances the light and dark areas in both the foreground and background.

    Have a look at the Vespa comparisons below, with and without night mode, for several phones. The quality of the night mode on the iPhone 11 Pro is richer. After all, even with night mode, you still want a photo to look like it's nighttime. Night mode works a little differently with people. When taking photos of people with night mode, the Neural Engine applies all kinds of machine learning algorithms so that the face is more finely exposed along with the background.

    Skin and hair should have more specular highlights, faces should appear a little sharpened. Relying on autofocus alone, I can't say the iPhone 11 Pro's night mode blows rival Android night modes away. Huawei's P30 Pro took the sharpest photo, but it lacks contrast. The Galaxy Note 10 pic is too soft.

    The OnePlus 7 Pro does a decent job, but the white balance skews yellow. The iPhone 11 Pro preserved the background the best see the emergency truck on the right with greater detail, but my jacket details were lost and my face could've used a little more illumination. As with shooting with the ultra wide, you'll get sharper night mode photos if you manually lock the focus; autofocus is more reliable than on Android phones some phones failed to autofocus at all , but it can be finicky.

    And again, just so you can see the previous generation, here's the iPhone XS and iPhone XR, neither with any night mode. Just a regular camera. Portrait mode is improved as well. On the iPhone X and XS, portrait mode only worked with the 2x telephoto camera, and on the XR, Apple used machine learning to blur out the background.

    But on the iPhone 11 Pro, the wide and 2x telephoto can both be used for portrait mode, giving you the best of both portrait modes from the iPhone XS and XR. However, the background blur, aka bokeh, won't be as creamy as portrait shots taken with the 2x telephoto camera. As you can see, each camera yields different portrait looks, mimicking a 35mm focal length wide camera and 52mm focal length 2x telephoto.

    The Galaxy Note 10 can also take portrait photos called "live focus" with both the main and telephoto cameras, but the images don't look anywhere near as vibrant. The white balance is bluer, creating a colder mood, and the image processing airbrushes away too much of the details. Below are how other phones do portrait photography.

    Many people like the Pixel 3's AI-generated background blur. I think the image looks too flat and a fake, like a cheap gaussian blur applied in Photoshop. A little bit of editing could spruce up any of these portrait photos, but straight out of the camera? No surprise here: the iPhone 11 Pro and 11 Pro Max take solid selfies.

    The camera app also has a neat trick: hold it vertically and it'll crop in for a 7-megapixel selfie for single selfies, duh and hold it horizontally and the viewfinder will expand to the wider field of view with megapixel resolution for group selfies. Of course, you can manually choose to get the wider or zoomed-in shot, but it's kind of nice the field of view adapts depending on the orientation you're holding the iPhone 11 Pro. Samsung's Galaxy S10 and Note 10, which also crop in and out, have no such orientation intelligence.

    Of all the phones, the Pixel 3 and 3 XL are the only ones with two front-facing cameras wide and ultra wide , each with 8 megapixels. There's no digital zooming in and out happening. But then again, that doesn't really matter when the image quality comes out looking this undeveloped:. Even with more megapixels, selfies from other Android phones don't necessarily crush the iPhones. The color accuracy is all wrong and the dynamic range is mediocre.

    Portrait mode for selfies aren't shabby, either. There's a little more dynamic range in the iPhone 11 Pro shot compared to the one taken on iPhone XS, and you can see the foreground is better isolated from the background my jacket isn't blurred out.

    How to Find Hidden Messages in Facebook Messenger on your iPhone

    The Pixel takes a good selfie, but what happened to the color? I have no clue. The Galaxy Note 10 is the same story as ever: too much face smoothening and soft image quality overall. The Huawei P30 failed to focus. And the OnePlus 7 sucks at highlights see the over-exposed nose. There are numerous improvements to recording video. All of the iPhone 11 Pro's cameras front and back can record video in 4K resolution at up to 60 frames per second; older iPhones only let you shoot at 4K60 on the rear cameras.

    How to fix Facebook app that keeps crashing on your iPhone 11 Pro after updating to iOS

    Vloggers will really appreciate this — 60 fps makes your footage look more lifelike — but it bums me out there's no way to choose different resolutions and frame rates for the front and rear cameras. All four cameras on the iPhone 11 Pro can record at 4K resolution at up to 60 fps. As it is, you can only choose one resolution and frame rate for all the cameras. I want the option to record video at, say, p at 30 fps with the front-facing camera and 4K at 60 fps through the triple cameras.

    I, personally, don't need or want 4K front-facing videos and being able to set the front camera to record at a lower resolution would also help save on storage. I'm aware that only allowing for one resolution and frame rate for all of the cameras keeps things consistent, but again, this feels like another feature that would've made the iPhone 11 Pros' cameras more "pro. Third-party apps like FilMic Pro will let you view all four cameras at once and record from two simultaneously.

    You will see Message Requests. Tap on that section. In this section, you will see any unread Message Requests.

    If you have any filtered request they will all be listed here. If you want to remove these filtered messages you can do so by tapping Edit and then hitting Delete in the bottom-right. Now, most of the messages hidden away here may be junk or messages from people you have never heard of.

    Источник: [storycall.us]

    Glossary


    A

    Abandonware

    Abandonware is software that is shelved by its developer. As such, it is no longer updated nor supported so it may be rife with vulnerabilities.

    Account harvesting

    Account harvesting is the process of gathering user accounts from a system, service, or database using a variety of methods, such as malware or phishing.

    Account hijacking

    Account hijacking is the process of taking over user online accounts, such as email and social media accounts.

    Ad blocker

    An ad blocker is software that blocks advertisements, including pop-ups, when a user visits websites.

    Ad fraud

    Ad fraud happens when advertisers pay for ads with false impressions. For more information, see this blog post on the difference between adware and ad fraud.

    Synonym: Invalid traffic

    Ad rotator

    An ad rotator allows two or more ads to alternately show in the same place on a website. The rotator triggers whenever a user refreshes or revisits a site.

    Add-in

    An add-in is software that gives additional functionality to a device or another software.

    Address bar

    An address bar is the text box in your web browser that displays the web page URL or IP address. At times, it functions as a search bar if the user entered text that is an invalid URL.

    Address bar spoofing

    Address bar spoofing is a technique where the legitimate URL on a browser address bar is replaced with a rogue one. This then leads to potential data or financial theft.

    Address Resolution Protocol (ARP)

    An address resolution protocol (ARP) is the system or process of mapping or finding a physical address belonging to an IP address in the local network.

    Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)

    Developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) is a block cipher that provides fast, strong, and secure encryption of classified data. AES was created as an alternative to the Data Encryption Standard (DES), because it became vulnerable to brute-force attacks.

    Synonym(s): Rijndael Block Cipher

    Advanced persistent threat (APT)

    An advanced persistent threat (APT) is a prolonged, targeted attack on a specific entity or entities with the intention of compromising their systems and gaining information from or about them.

    For more information, see our blog post on an in-depth look at advanced persistent threats and why cybersecurity professionals often groan at claims of APT attacks.

    Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET)

    The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was an experimental computer network, which later on became the basis for the Internet.

    Adware

    Adware, or advertising-supported software, is software that displays unwanted advertising on your computer device. For more information, see this blog post on adware delivery methods.

    Air gap

    Air gap refers to computers that are incapable of physically connecting to a network or another computer that is connected to the internet. Air-gapped systems were believed to be more secure until Stuxnet disproved this.

    Other forms: Air gapping

    Always-On

    An always-on device, software, or network denotes that it is constantly accessible.

    American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII)

    The American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) is an encoding standard for electronic communication. Codes in the ASCII table represent text in computing devices.

    Analog

    In computing, analog is a term used to describe old-fashion and slow computers and other devices.

    If used in the context of signals, an analog references to a mechanism or device where information is presented by variable physical quantities.

    Android

    Android is Google&#;s flagship operating system for smartphones and tablets. Manufacturers have adapted Android in televisions, smart-watches, cars, and many other electronic devices.

    For an in-depth look at Android antivirus, see this page.

    Android app

    An Android app is a program designed for the Android OS.

    Annoybot

    Annoybot is software that repeats an annoying task. IRC bots, for example, are annoybots that send out unsolicited messages to participants in a channel.

    Annoyware

    Annoyware is software that continuously shows reminders or pop-up windows to remind users to perform a particular action, such as registering or buying software.

    Synonyms: Nagware, Begware

    Anomaly detection

    Anomaly detection is identifying irregularities or deviations in patterns, data points, events, or observations that do not conform to the norm or the expectations of businesses or groups. Not all detected anomalies are malicious.

    Synonym: Outlier detection

    Anonymization

    Anonymization is the action or an attempt to disable the ability to track back information or actions to a specific user.

    Other forms: Anonymize

    Anonymizer

    An anonymizer is a tool that minimizes the amount of tracking done during surfing in an attempt to hide the true identity of the user.

    Synonyms: Anonymous proxy

    Anonymous

    Anonymous, in computing, is to keep one’s true name and identity concealed online with the use of various applications.

    Other forms: Anonymity

    Anti-ransomware

    Anti-ransomware is software specifically designed to combat ransomware. Such software could make use of specific techniques that general security tools don&#;t deploy.

    Anti-virus (AV) killer

    An AV killer is malicious code that disables the user&#;s anti-virus software to avoid detection. Sometimes, this term is used for malware that disables firewalls.

    Synonym: Retrovirus

    Antivirus

    Antivirus is a term that originally described security software that checked files on a computer against a list of known malicious files. Today, &#;antivirus&#; refers much more broadly to security software that can detect, protect against, and remove malware from computers and mobile devices.

    Synonyms: anti-malware

    Applet

    An applet is a piece of software that usually performs one specific task. Applets are often part of a more complex program.

    Application programming interface (API)

    An application programming interface (API), in simple terms, is a means for different software to talk to one another. It is the code that governs its server&#;s access points. APIs have many uses and take many forms.

    Application security

    Application security is the practice of applying security measures to the software application. This has to be done to defend against threats and attacks from the outside that attempt to exploit the app.

    Artificial intelligence (AI)

    AI is a system&#;s or an application&#;s ability to correctly interpret and learn from data to achieve specific goals and tasks. For more information, see this blog post on how AI and machine learning can impact cybersecurity.

    Synonym: Machine intelligence

    Astroturfing

    Astroturfing is the masking of initiatives by corporations, governments, or political parties to make a campaign appear spontaneous or initiated by civilian groups. Sometimes, masking the origin makes a campaign more effective or less controversial.

    Asymmetric cryptography

    Asymmetric cryptography is a system of secure communication that uses a pair of keys: a public key and a private key. A public key can be shared with anyone and publicly known, but only a private key must be kept secret and known only by the owner.

    Synonym: Public-key cryptography

    Attack vector

    An attack vector feres to the technique used to obtain unauthorized access to a system or network. It is an integral part of vulnerability research to know which attack vector is or might be used.

    Attribution

    Attribution is the practice of taking forensic artifacts of a cyberattack and matching them to known threats against targets with a profile matching a particular organization. For an in-depth look, see our two-part blog series on when you should care about attribution and why one shouldn&#;t overthink it.

    Augmented reality (AR)

    AR is a cross between the physical world and virtual reality. It adds images, sounds, motion, and even smell to the physical reality.

    Authentication

    In computing, authentication is the process of verifying the identity of a user or process. For more information, see this blog post on the basics of two-factor authentication (2FA).

    Other forms: Auth

    Autonomous system

    An autonomous system is a group of networks managed by one large entity to ensure there&#;s a reliable routing policy to the internet.


    B

    Backdoor

    A backdoor is a type of Trojan that allows a threat actor access to a system by bypassing its security. This term can also refer to the method of gaining access to user systems undetected.

    For an in-depth look at backdoors, see this page.

    Other forms: backdooring

    Bad sector

    A bad sector is a sector on a computer’s disk or flash drive that is already unusable. This is usually caused by physical damage.

    Bait advertising

    Bait advertising is an unethical advertising practice wherein customers are promised a sale or inexpensive item. However, once customers are interested, the advertiser makes the product unavailable then redirects them to a similar product that is more expensive.

    Synonym: Bait and switch advertising

    Banking Trojan

    A banking Trojan is a type of Trojan specifically created to harvest credentials and other sensitive financial and personal information stored and processed through online banking systems.

    Behavior

    In the context of computer malware, behavior refers to the actions malware performs on an affected system once executed.

    Behavioral biometrics

    Behavioral biometrics is a biometric modality that dynamically analyzes and quantifies unique identifiers and measurable human patterns. For more information, see this post on the use of behavioral biometrics in the financial sector.

    Big data

    Big data pertains to huge datasets that can be analyzed computationally to reveal trends, patterns, and associations. Companies use big data to improve their operations and make more intelligent decisions.

    Big-game hunting (BGH)

    Originally used within hunting circles, the term &#;big-game hunting (BGH)&#; in cybersecurity refers to the criminal tactic of going after high-earning organizations across industries in often sophisticated cyber attack campaigns.

    BGH could also be used to describe the process of focusing on high-value data or assets within a business.

    Binary

    A binary is a numerical system with only two different values: 0 and 1, or True and False. Binary is popular in both electronics and in computing.

    Biohacking

    In computing, biohacking is a form of hacking that refers to the application of IT concepts to biological systems, usually the human body.

    Biohacking can include the modification of the human body, such as introducing implants and other wearable computing tech.

    Biometrics

    Biometrics is the measurement and statistical analysis of people&#;s physical and behavioral characteristics. In biometrics authentication, personally identifiable and unique features are stored in order to give the holder access to certain resources.

    BIOS

    BIOS stands for &#;basic input/output system&#;. It is firmware used by the computer&#;s microprocessor to initialise the computer when the user physically turns it on.

    Bitcoin

    Bitcoin is a type of digital currency, or cryptocurrency, which is a payment medium that is not tied to a central bank or regulated by a governing body. Instead, it relies on secure storage of transactions on a technological platform known as blockchain.

    Bitcoin is a popular payment method among Internet criminals, as it uses a fast, reliable, and verifiable system.

    Black Friday

    Black Friday is regarded as the unofficial start of the Christmas shopping season. Starting from midnight on the Friday after US Thanksgiving, retailers open their doors and offer numerous specials and deep discounts. Because of this, consumers often go online or to brick-and-mortar retail shops en masse. Malwarebytes is offering Black Friday deals on Malwarebytes Premium and Malwarebytes Privacy VPN.

    Blacklist

    In computing, a blacklist usually refers to a list of domains and/or IP addresses that are known or suspected malicious servers and/or domains. These lists are used to protect users from receiving mail from the blacklisted servers or from browsing to dangerous sites hosted on these domains/IP addresses.

    Blended threat

    A blended threat is an attack that makes use of multiple vectors to gain leverage on a target. This could include malware, phishing, social engineering and more.

    Block cipher

    A block cipher is one of two methods of encryption. With this method, the plaintext is broken down into fixed-sized blocks before combining them with a key.

    Also see stream cipher.

    Blue Screen of Death (BSoD)

    A Blue Screen of Death (BSoD) occurs on Windows systems when a full blue screen appears to the user after encountering a fatal error.

    Bluejacking

    Bluejacking is the act of sending messages between mobile devices via Bluetooth wireless connection.

    Bluesnarfing

    Bluesnarfing refers to the unauthorized access and theft of information through a Bluetooth connection. Mobile devices, such as smartphones, laptops, and tablets that are Bluetooth-enabled can be affected by this.

    Bluetooth

    Bluetooth is a wireless technology mainly used for short distance connections between devices due to its low power signal. Communication is done at a bandwidth around GHz. It doesn&#;t need a line of sight to establish a connection.

    Boot

    In computing, to boot a system is to turn the device or machine on and load the OS into RAM. The boot-up process is made up of different stages, depending on the setup of the system and the OS that has to be loaded.

    Boot sector

    A boot sector is part of a physical information carrier (usually a hard drive) that contains the code that has to be loaded into a system&#;s RAM to start the actual boot process and load the OS. The boot sector is created when a volume is formatted.

    Boot sector virus

    A boot sector virus is malware that infects the boot sector of a drive or other storage device. During a boot, this sector is automatically located and loaded into memory, making them harder to remove, as they will load before normal removal software.

     

    Learn more:

    Computer virus

    Antivirus

    Bootkit

    A bootkit is a type of rootkit that alters or replaces the bootloader of the affected system in order to take control. To remove a bootkit, you need a bootable medium, which has the necessary tools to undo the changes made by the bootkit.

    Bot

    The word &#;bot&#; is a derivative of &#;robot.&#; It usually pertains to (1) one or more compromised machines controlled by a botmaster or herder to spam or launch DDoS attacks, or (2) an automated program coded with particular instructions to follow, which includes interacting with websites and humans via web interfaces (e.g., IMs).

    A collective of bots is called a botnet.

    Synonym: zombie machine

     

    Learn more:

    Bot

    Botnet

    DDoS

    Botnet

    A botnet is a collection of bots. The term also refers to the malware run on a connected device to turn it into a bot.

    Synonym: zombie network

     

    Learn more:

    Bot

    Botnet

    DDoS

    In computing, breadcrumbs are navigation aids that tell users exactly where they are while surfing on a site or in a set of folders. Breadcrumbs show the hierarchy of links on a site or the steps in the folder structure.

    Consider, for example, the address bar in a Windows explorer window, which contains breadcrumbs from a file to the folders in which it is contained.

    Bricking

    Bricking refers to the practice or act of rendering an electronic computing device—often a smartphone—useless or inoperable. Bricking usually happens by accident, such as when a firmware update gets interrupted.

    Bring your own device (BYOD)

    Bring your own device, abbreviated as BYOD, is a trend wherein employees bring their personal computing devices, usually a smartphone or laptop, to be used in the workplace. These devices are then connected to the company&#;s internal network, which may introduce additional risks to the company.

    Synonym: bring your own technology (BYOT)

    Browlock

    Browlock is a portmanteau of &#;browser&#; and &#;lock&#;. This term is used either (1) to describe the state of an internet browser when the user is unable to perform certain actions or (2) to pertain to a malware&#;s malicious control over browser windows. A browlock can close the open tab or window, block access to the desktop of the system, and stop you from navigating to another site. For more information, see this blog post on browser lockers.

    Browser helper object (BHO)

    A browser helper object (BHO) is a DLL component of Internet Explorer (IE) that provides added functionality to the browser.

    Brute force attack

    A brute force attack is a method wherein an application attempts to decode encrypted data, such as a password, by trial and error. A dictionary attack, for example, is a type that falls under this attack.

    See also password cracking application

     

    Buffer

    In computing, a buffer refers to the amount of data stored and shared between applications to compensate for the difference in speed with which these can handle the data. Consider, for example, your browser buffering (part of) a movie while downloading it and, at the same time, while your movie player plays it.

    Buffer overflow

    A buffer overflow is a computer anomaly wherein a program writes to a block of memory (or buffer) more than what it is allocated to hold.

    Synonym: Buffer overrun

    Bug bounty

    A bug bounty is a rewards program through which individuals can receive monetary compensation and/or recognition for finding flaws or vulnerabilities in a company&#;s software or system.

    Bundler

    A bundler is an assemblage of two or more software offered in one combined package. It usually contains (1) the main program a user is after and (2) bundleware. Many bundlers are found in freeware download sites. In some cases, these &#;free&#; software are actually trial versions of programs one commonly pays for.

    Bundleware

    Bundleware is a term used to collectively describe one or more software that comes in bundles as extra. This isn&#;t necessarily malicious.

    Bundleware that are dodgy at best have a few types:

    • Programs that are considered adware and PUPs. These may or may not offer users the option to opt out of the extra programs.
    • Programs that are useful but nobody wants to pay for their functionality, so the developer enters some monetization program that incorporates adware into his/her program.
    • PUPs that offer to install other PUPs from the same manufacturer during the installation.
    • Programs that also install software packages they need to run on the affected system.

    Malwarebytes detects these types.

    Burn

    In computing, to burn is to write data to a drive with a recordable disc (i.e. burn a CD or DVD). The data is written onto the disc using a laser and, until the invention of rewritable discs (RW), this was considered a one-time-only process.

    Business continuity management (BCM)

    Business continuity management is a term used to describe the holistic process of identifying an organization&#;s risk of exposure to potential threats found internally and/or externally and the impacts these may cause. Its goal is to prepare the organization to effectively respond to threats, protect the business&#;s interests, and ensure the continuity of the company in the event of such threats.

    Business email compromise (BEC)

    A business email compromise (BEC) is an attack wherein an employee, who is usually the CFO or someone from the Finance department, is socially engineered into wiring a large sum of money to a third-party account.

    Business process compromise (BPC)

    A business process compromise (BPC) is an attack wherein the threat actor targets weaknesses in an organization&#;s processes, systems, and loopholes in its operations to manipulate or alter them to their advantage. Unlike in business email compromise (BEC), BPC doesn&#;t rely on social engineering tactics.


    C

    Cache

    In computing, a cache is a temporary storage that is used to speed up future requests. For example, a browser cache stores contents of websites so they can be displayed faster the next time the user visits them. For information about DNS cache poisoning, have a look at the blog post, DNS hijacks: what to look for.

    Children&#;s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA)

    The Children&#;s Online Privacy Protection Act, or COPPA, is a privacy law that protects children under the age of It was first passed in The Federal Trace Commission (FTC) manages COPPA. To read more, go here.

    Cipher

    In cryptography, a cipher is the method of hiding text with encryption. The machine can hide text by replacing original letters with other letters and by substituting or transposing numbers and symbols.

    A cipher also refers to the encryption key that reveals the plaintext.

    Ciphertext

    A ciphertext is the encrypted form of a plaintext.

    Click fraud

    Click fraud is the practice of artificially inflating statistics of online advertisements by using automated clicking programs or hitbots.

    Synonym: Pay-per-click fraud

    See also ad fraud

    Clickbait

    Clickbait is content (especially a headline) that uses exaggeration and sensationalism to entice you into clicking on a link to a particular web page. Clickbait often leads to content of questionable value.

    Clickjacking

    Clickjacking is a type of attack that tricks a user into clicking a website element that is either invisible or disguised as another element. This hijacks a user&#;s click meant for one thing but leads to another. For example: instead of clicking a button to reply, a clickjacking attack on a Twitter user can make them re-tweet a malicious domain to followers instead.

    This is typically seen as browser security issue. However, such an attack can also take place in mobile applications.

    Clickjacking has different types, such as likejacking.

    Synonyms: User interface (UI) redress attack, UI redressing

    Cloud computing

    Cloud computing refers to the delivery of services that are hosted over the internet to computers and other computing devices. For more information, see this blog post on the cloud.

    See also Anything-as-a-Service (XaaS)

    Cloud phishing

    Cloud phishing refers to a phishing trend that uses the guise of cloud computing services to get users to click malicious links. Campaigns of this kind usually start off in emails and social media posts.

    Cobalt Strike

    Cobalt Strike is a legitimate tool used in penetration testing and threat emulation. While it is popular among pen testers, underground criminals are notorious for abusing the tool. They do this by making the tool a part of their attack campaigns.

    For more information, see this blog post on our take on Cobalt Strike, what it can do, and the problem it causes.

     

    Cold boot

    In computing, a cold boot happens when a system is powered up from its off state. Cold booting is sometimes used to remedy certain system hiccups.

    Other forms: Cold booting

    Command & control (C&C)

    Command & control, also called C&C or C2, is a centralized server or computer that online criminals use to issue commands to control malware and bots as well as to receive reports from them.

     

    Learn more:

    Hacking

    Malware

    Bots

    Botnet

     

    Companion virus

    A companion virus is an old type of virus that poses as a legitimate file by copying its file name but uses a different extension. It doesn&#;t modify files.

    Compromised

    Compromised sites (or servers) are otherwise legitimate sites that are being used by hackers without the owner’s knowledge. Compromised sites are often used to house and spread malware.

     

    Computer ethics

    Computer ethics is a philosophy concerned with how professionals in the field of computing should make decisions. Examples would be rules for disclosing of compromised information and vulnerabilities, copying of electronic content, and the impact of computers—AI, for example—on human lives.

    Computer science (CS)

    Computer science, abbreviated as CS, is a multi-disciplinary collection of studies in the fields that are related to digital information. Computer systems, the internet, programming, and data storage are some of the best-known fields.

    Computer-Aided Design (CAD)

    Computer-Aided Design, or CAD, is the use of computer technology to help with the design of two- or three-dimensional objects. This specialized type of software helps to design, modify, analyze, optimize, and even create objects in many fields, including architecture, mechanics, engineering, and art.

    Consumer fraud protection

    Consumer fraud protection is a law designed to shield consumers against goods and services that didn&#;t perform as advertised. Consumers are also protected against unfair trade (overcharging) and fraudulent credit practices.

    Cookie

    In the context of computing, a cookie is a text file that a website puts into a visitor&#;s computer to recognize them and keep track of their preference. A cookie can be stored temporarily (session cookie) or permanently on the hard disk (persistent cookie).

    For more information, see these blog articles:

    Crack

    A crack is either used as a:

    1. noun: A piece of software used to figure out passwords using a dictionary attack. It can also be a piece of software or tool used to illegally bypass certain software security features, such as copy protection.
    2. verb: The act of breaking into a secured computer system. The person doing the crack is called a cracker. Some argue that there are distinctions between a cracker and a hacker.

    Credential stuffing

    Credential stuffing is a popular tactic of attempting to access online accounts using username-password combinations acquired from breached data. This is usually done using an automated tool.

    Crimeware

    Crimeware is sophisticated software designed specifically for certain criminal acts, such as data theft, ransom, network poisoning, and communications monitoring.

    Cross-site scripting (XSS)

    Cross-site scripting is a type of injection attack wherein a vulnerability in web applications is exploited that allows a threat actor to inject malicious script into the site&#;s content. Affected trusted sites are made to deliver the malicious script to visitors.

    Crypter

    In malware research, this refers to a program that makes malware hard to read by researchers. The crudest technique for crypters is usually called obfuscation. A more elaborate blog post on that is Obfuscation: Malware’s best friend.

    Obfuscation is also used often in scripts, like JavaScript and VBScript. But most of the time, these are not difficult to bypass or de-obfuscate. More complex methods use actual encryption. More information about this and related subjects can be found in our blog post, Explained: Packer, Crypter, and Protector

    Cryptocurrency

    Cryptocurrency is a decentralized digital currency. It is the preferred payment method of ransomware authors, and it can be generated by mining scripts embedded on websites.

    Cryptocurrency mining

    Cryptocurrency mining, popularly known as cryptomining, is the process of adding new transactions to a public ledger of previous transactions (called the blockchain) and introducing new cryptocurrencies into the system. For more information, see this blog post on the dangers of drive-by mining and online ads.

    Cryptography

    Cryptography is the knowledge of sending and storing encrypted data. For more information, see this blog post on how to encrypt files and folder.

    Customer Relationship Management (CRM)

    Customer Relationship Management (CRM) refers to software that makes organizations work better. A CRM collects, keeps, and manages data of customer interactions from across all channels. Data is then analyzed and used to streamline processes, automate tasks, improve services, and make these services more personal (to name a few).

    Some of the benefits for using CRM includes employees becoming highly more efficient, knowledge sharing is improved among peers, and a greater understanding is achieved due to increased transparency in tasks and processes.

    CVE identifier

    A Common Vulnerabilities and Exposure (CVE) identifier is a unique number assigned to publicly known software vulnerabilities. It follows the format:

    Vendors and researchers alike consider CVE identifiers as standard for identifying vulnerabilities. For example, CVE is the CVE ID for the vulnerability commonly known as Heartbleed.

    Synonyms: CVE names, CVE IDs, CVE numbers, CVEs, vulnerability identifier

    Cyber Monday

    Cyber Monday is the marketing term given to the Monday after the Thanksgiving holidays in the United States. For more information, see this blog post on safe online shopping on Cyber Monday.

    Cyberbullying

    Cyberbullying is the act of threatening and intimidating others via electronic and digital means.

     

    Learn more:

    Internet safety

    Cyberbullying

    Cybercrime

    Cybercrime is the term referring to crimes that are related to computers and networks, including traditional crimes like fraud, blackmail, and identity theft that are done over the Internet or by using computing devices.


    D

    Data breach

    A data breach happens when data deemed sensitive, protected, or confidential were illegally accessed or disclosed. Individuals may have viewed, copied, transmitted, stolen, or used such data accidentally or deliberately. For an in-depth look at data breaches, see: What is a data breach?

    Data exfiltration

    Data exfiltration is an act of retrieving, copying, and transferring data, such as user credentials, about individuals or organizations without authorization.

    Synonym: Siphoning

    Data mining

    Data mining is the process of sifting through large data sets to identify patterns or generate new information.

    Data Privacy Day (DPD)

    Data Privacy Day (DPD) is an annual, international event that occurs every January Its purpose is to raise awareness about privacy and encourage internet users to follow data protection practices.

    DPD is observed by the USA, Canada, Israel, and Europe.

    In Europe, DPD is also known as Data Protection Day.

    For more information, see our blog post on why Data Privacy Day matters.

    Decryptor

    A decryptor is a tool used to transform unreadable data back to its original, unencrypted form. This is typically used by those affected by ransomware to restore their files.

    Deepfake

    A &#;deepfake&#; refers to recreated media of a person&#;s appearance (on a video or image) or voice by an artificial intelligence (AI).

    Definition

    In computer security, a definition is code written into a database that enables cybersecurity software programs to identify and detect specific, known families of malware. Definitions are used in signature-based detection methodology and therefore cannot be used to detect new or unknown forms of malware.

    Defragmentation

    Defragmentation is the process of reorganizing a file system so that files that were split up when saved and changed are put back together again. This removes pointers to and from the fragments and optimizes the speed with which these files can be used.

    Other forms: Defrag, defragment

    Destruction of service (DeOS)

    Destruction of service is an attack using IoT botnets that aim to destroy an organization&#;s backups and safety nets, which are used to recover critical systems and data after a cyber attack.

    Dialer

    A dialer can mean (1) a program or app that initiates the best connection for the number chosen by the user, (2) a program that connects a system to the internet over a telephone or ISDN line, or (3) malware that connects a system to a network or phone number with the intent to fraud.

    Other forms: Dialler

    Dictionary attack

    A dictionary attack is an act of penetrating password-protected computer systems or servers using large sets of words in a dictionary. This attack usually works as many users still use ordinary words for their passwords.

    See also brute force attack

    A digital footprint is the term used to describe the recorded—thus, traceable—internet or device activities of a particular person.

    Synonym: digital shadow

    Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS)

    A distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack is a network attack wherein threat actors force numerous systems (usually infected with malware) to send requests to a specific web server to crash, distract, or disrupt it enough that users are unable to connect to it.

    For a more in-depth look, see this page: DDoS attacks.

    DNS over HTTPS (DoH)

    DNS over HTTP (DoH) is an alternative to DNS over TLS (DoT). It is a work-in-progress, network security protocol wherein DNS requests and responses are encrypted and sent via HTTP or  HTTPS protocols instead of directly over UDP. This is to increase user privacy and security.

    DNS over TLS (DoT)

    DNS over TLS (DoT) is a network security protocol wherein DNS requests and responses are encrypted and not tampered with using the TLS security protocol. This is done to increase user security and privacy. DNS over HTTPS (DoH) is an alternative to DoT.

    Domain

    In computer security, a domain can refer to:

    1. A group of computers that are under the control of a common operator and administered as one unit, or
    2. The name of a Web resource following the rules of the Domain Name System (DNS), which translates the domain name into an IP address

    Domain administrator privileges

    Domain administrator privileges refer to administrator access to all machines within a network.

    Domain Name System (DNS)

    A Domain Name System, abbreviated as DNS, is an Internet protocol that translates user-friendly, readable URLs, such as storycall.us, to their numeric IP addresses, allowing the computer to identify a web server without the user having to remember and input the actual IP address of the server.

    Name Servers, or Domain Name Servers, host these translations. They are part of the overall Domain Name System.

    To learn how threat actors can abuse DNS protocols, read up on DNS hijackers, a type of malware that modifies users&#; DNS settings.

    Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC)

    Domain Name System Security Extensions, abbreviated as DNSSEC, is a set of extensions that add extra security to the DNS protocol. For more information, see this blog post on why we need DNSSEC.

    Downloader

    A downloader, or Trojan downloader, is malware with the sole intention of downloading other programs—usually more malware—to the affected system as soon as an Internet connection is available.

    Dox

    Dox is an informal abbreviation of the word &#;documents&#;. The term is used to describe the act of researching and disseminating private information about a person or organization. Many doxxers—those who dox—employ a number of techniques to gather information, such as searching the internet, hacking, and social engineering.

    Other form(s): doxing, doxxing

     

    Learn more:

    What is doxxing?

    Internet safety

    Drive-by download

    A drive-by download is the unintended download of one or more files, malicious or not, onto the user&#;s system without their consent or knowledge. It may also describe the download and installation of files bundled with a program that users didn&#;t sign up for.

     

    Learn more:

    Pharming

    Malvertising

    Trojan

    Drive-by mining

    Drive-by mining is a term coined to describe a method in which a piece of JavaScript code is embedded into a Web page to perform cryptocurrency mining on user machines that visit this page. For more information, see this blog post on drive-by mining and ads.

    Dropper

    A dropper, or Trojan downloader, is a type of malware that installs other malware on the affected system. The other malware is part of the same executable, which is usually in compressed form.

    Dwell time

    Dwell time refers to the amount of time passed from when malware has initially infiltrated a system to when it has been detected and removed.


    E

    Electronic sports (eSports)

    Electronic sports, or eSports, are basically video games competitions. Any computer- or console-game that has a multi-player competition qualifies as an eSport.

    Encryption

    Encryption is the process of changing data in a way that can not (easily) be undone (or decrypted) by parties that don&#;t have the decryption key. For more information, see this blog post on encryption and types of secure communication and storage.

    End-user

    The end-user is the person that a specific product is designed, developed, and created for. For this intended user, the product should be suitable (ease of use), and it should be a finished product.

    Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)

    An ERP is a suite of business management software that allows companies to collect, store, manage, and interpret data coming from multiple departments.

    EternalBlue

    EternalBlue is one of the handful of &#;exploitation tools&#; leaked by a group called The Shadow Brokers (TSB) that take advantage of weaknesses in how Windows implemented the Server Message Block (SMB) protocol. The WannaCry and NotPetya ransomware strains used this exploit to target unpatched systems.

    For more information, see this blog post on how threat actors are using SMB vulnerabilities in their attack campaigns.

     

    Learn more:

    WannaCry

    Ransomware

     

    Ethernet

    Ethernet is a networking technology commonly used in various networks, such as LAN, MAN, and WAN. It is so commonplace that most PC motherboards have a built-in Ethernet interface.

    Executable and Link format (ELF)

    An ELF file is an executable file format for the Linux and Unix platforms. Its known file extensions are .axf, .bin, .elf, .o, .prx, .puff, .ko, .mod, and .so.

    Exploit

    Exploits are a type of malware that takes advantage of bugs and vulnerabilities in a system in order to allow the exploit’s creator to take control.

    For an in-depth look at exploits, see this page.

    Exploit kit

    An exploit kit is a packaged collection of exploits for use by criminal gangs in spreading malware.

    Synonym: Exploit pack

    Extended Validation SSL Certificate (EV SSL)

    An Extended Validation SSL Certificate is an identity authentication solution used in HTTPS websites that tells users that the owner or operator of the site they&#;re interacting with is legitimate. A green bar displayed in the address bar denotes the presence of an EV SSL.


    F

    Family

    In computer security, a family refers to a group of malwarevariants that all exhibit at least one base characteristics.

    Fear, uncertainty, and doubt (FUD)

    Fear, uncertainty, and doubt is a disinformation strategy that is used as a weapon against competitors.

    In hacking, FUD could also mean &#;fully undetected,&#; which means (1) that data that is made to appear like random noise due to encryption, or (2) a piece of software that cannot be detected by AV tools and scanners.

    File type

    A file type is a name given to a specific kind of file. For example, a Microsoft Excel sheet file and a Python script file are two different file types. A file type is not the same as a file format.

     

    File-based attack

    A file-based attack is an attack where threat actors use certain file types, usually those bearing document file extensions like .DOCX and .PDF, to entice users to open them. The file in question is embedded with malicious code; thus, once opened, this code is also executed.

    Fingerprinting

    Fingerprinting refers to the process of gathering information about a system at first contact. It is commonly used by malware to determine whether a system is vulnerable to certain attacks.

    Firmware

    Firmware is software that is written to a hardware device&#;s memory. It is used to run user programs on said devices.

     

    Learn more:

    What is RAM?

    What is a hard drive?

    Foothold expansion is the act of creating backdoors that are used to re-enter a network after its initial infiltration.

    Fraud

    Fraudulent websites appear to be one thing, like a tech support site, a dating site, or a shopping site with illegal products or great deals, but they’re really scams to try to steal your information or credit card details.

    Freeware

    Freeware is software that comes without a cost. Some freeware may give the option of voluntary payments to the developer, which is typically be called donationware.

    Frequently asked questions (FAQ)

    Frequently asked questions, or FAQ, is a list drawn up around a particular subject of commonly asked questions and their answers. This list is often the first line of support for many products and answers many of the issues that users may have.


    G

    General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

    The General Data Protection Regulation is the standard data protection law affecting the European Union and its citizens that puts strict regulations on organizations on how personally identifiable information (PII) are to be controlled, processed, and stored. For more information, see this post on how businesses can adequately assess their readiness to GDPR.

    Globally unique identifier (GUID)

    A globally unique identifier is a unique number created by Microsoft applications to identify components, hardware, files, user accounts, etc.

    Graphical user interface (GUI)

    A graphical user interface, or GUI, is a type of interface that helps a user to control and manipulate software. The alternative is command line programs, which is generally perceived as challenging to understand and learn.

    Graymail

    Graymail is bulk solicited email that users opted-in to receiving at first, but after losing interest, just accumulates in the inbox until recipients decide to opt-out or report them as spam.

    Greyware

    Greyware is a classification of software that generally does annoying, disruptive, or undesirable tasks but not to the point of being malicious.

    Other forms: Grayware

     

    Learn more:

    Malware

    Computer virus

    Griefing

    In video gaming, particularly in MMORPG circles, griefing is the deliberate act of annoying, irritating, and generally causing other players grief. This is done by attacking and terminating other characters and destroying player property among others.


    H

    Hacker

    A hacker is a person that has a profound understanding of particular systems or processes. Their knowledge enables them to use those subjects for other purposes than what they were initially designed for.

    For an in-depth look at hackers, see this page.

    Hacktivism

    Hacktivism is a portmanteau of &#;hacking&#; and &#;activism&#;. Hacktivism is the defacement of a website where the compromise isn&#;t as significant as the statement the hackers make through it.

    Hacktivist

    Hacktivist is a combination of “hack” and “activist.” A hacktivist is someone who breaks into computer systems (hacking) for the purpose of political or social activism. Hacktivists may work alone or in groups.

    Hash value

    A hash value is an alphanumeric string that uniquely identifies data or files. MD5, SHA-1, and SHA-2 are three of its known algorithms.

    Synonym: Hash code

    Heap spray

    In the context of computer security, a heap spray is an old technique that allows vulnerable systems to be taken advantage of easily. This happens when threat actors write to the heap—a predetermined location in the computer&#;s memory—for a running program. This task of writing is often referred as &#;spraying the heap&#;. And then, at a later time, these same attackers will take advantage of a vulnerability to cause the exploit code to call commands in the heap.

    Other form(s): Heap spraying

     

    Learn more:

    Exploits

    Heap spraying

    Heap spraying is a technique wherein code is written in various places in the heap (memory allocated for the use of programs) for malicious software to refer to at a later date, giving exploits a higher chance of success.

    Other forms: Heap spray, &#;spraying the heap&#;

    Heartbleed

    Heartbleed is the term used to refer to a vulnerability in some OpenSSL implementations. This vulnerability&#;s official identifier is CVE For more information, see this blog post on systems still unpatched five years after Heartbleed&#;s discovery.

    Heuristic analysis

    Heuristic analysis is a scanning technique used by many antivirus programs wherein they look for certain malicious behaviors from potentially new and undetected variants.

    Other forms: Heuristics

     

    Learn more:

    Antivirus

    Zero-day

    Hibernation

    Is a state of inactivity to save energy. In computing this expression is used for powering down a computer while preserving the state it is in. The content of the RAM (Random Access Memory) is saved to a drive (usually the main hard disk of the system) and will be restored in RAM as soon as the system is brought back out of hibernation. Not to be confused with sleep mode, which is another energy saving method that uses a little energy to keep the data in RAM. The advantage of sleep mode is that the system is ready for use almost instantaneously where waking from hibernation takes some time.

    Hijacker

    A hijacker is a type of malware that modifies a web browser&#;s settings without users&#; permission, usually to inject unwanted ads into the browser or redirect to scam sites.

    Synonyms: browser hijacker

     

    Learn more:

    SQL injection

    Pharming

    Safe browser

    Hoax

    A hoax is a term we use to generally describe a fake or false warning. For more information, see this blog post on a more in-depth look at hoaxes.

    Synonyms: scams and shams

    Homograph

    A homograph is, by definition, a word of the same written form as another but of different meaning and usually origin, whether pronounced the same way or not. But in cybersecurity, this is expanded to include words that look the same.

    Homograph attacks

    A homograph attack is a method of deception wherein a threat actor leverages on the similarities of character scripts to create and register phony domains of existing ones to fool users and lure them into visiting. For more information, see this blog post on an in-depth look at homograph attacks.

    Synonym: homoglypth attacks, Punycode attack, script spoofing, homograph domain name spoofing

    Host Intrusion Prevention System (HIPS)

    A Host Intrusion Prevention System, or HIPS, is a software package that monitors for suspicious activities occurring within a host machine. For more information, see this blog post on how HIPS work.

    Host-based solution

    A host-based solution refers to software that is installed in end-point systems as opposed to a centralized solution.

    Hyper-Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP)

    The Hyper-Text Transfer Protocol is a set of underlying rules used in the World Wide Web, defining how files are transferred and formatted, and how web servers and internet browsers should respond to specific commands.

    Hyper-Text Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS)

    In a nutshell, Hyper-Text Transfer Protocol Secure is secure HTTP. This means that file transference and communication over the network is protected due to encryption on both the server side and the client side.


    I

    Identity and access management (IAM)

    Identity and access management (IAM) is a collective term pertaining to processes, services, and technologies that allow the right individuals and groups to access the right resources within a network.

    Identity theft

    Identity theft is an electronic and real-world crime of deliberately using someone else&#;s information to commit fraud. Usually, identity thieves are  financially motivated, consequently disadvantaging their target.

    Incident scope

    In a malware attack against enterprises, an incident scope generally refers to the extent of damage against the organization, how much data has been stolen, what the attack surface is, and how much it’d cost them to resolve the attack and prevent it from happening again in the future.

    Indicator of compromise (IOC)

    Indicators of compromise, or IOC, can be found after a system intrusion. These indicators can be IP addresses, domains, hashes of malware files, virus signatures, and similar artifacts.

    Infection vector

    In cybersecurity, an infection vector refers to the transmission channel of a malware. To know this, ask &#;How did the malware arrive on my computer/network?&#;

     

    Learn more:

    Malware

    Antivirus

     

    Information Technology (IT)

    Information Technology, or IT, is the study or the use of systems for storing, retrieving, and sending information.

    Injection attacks

    Injection attacks is a broad term referring to a certain attack vector. Usually, malicious code is used in such attacks; but generally speaking, attackers provide input that, once interpreted, alters the execution or outcome of a program. Injection attacks have several types. They include:

     

    Learn more:

    SQL injections

    Hacking

    Malware

    Input/Output (I/O)

    Input/Output, or I/O, is an expression used to describe any information exchange between a computer system and the outside world. Usually, an I/O is illustrated (but are not limited to) as the traffic between a system and peripheral devices.

    Intellectual property

    Intellectual property refers to creations of the mind, whether they are inventions, art, designs, names, or commercial images. Laws on intellectual property differ from one country to the other, but they usually protect the rights of the person or company that first successfully claims coming up with the creation.

    Internationalized domain names (IDN)

    Internationalized domain names, or IDN, is a domain name containing at least one non-ASCII character. They enable internet users from all over the world can create and register domain names using their own native language.

    Internet of things (IoT)

    The internet of things, or IoT, represents a host of internet-connected devices that do not require direct human input. For more information, see this blog post on what an IoT security is and what it should never be.

    Internet Service Provider (ISP)

    An ISP is a company that provides users with internet services, such as basic connections, broadband, web hosting, and a range of other services.

    Intranet

    An intranet is a private network with restricted access. It is usually set up by or for a company that only to the members of the company can access.

    Intrusion Prevention System (IPS)

    An Intrusion Prevention System, or IPS, monitor network traffic to determine whether a security breach or malware infection has taken place. When applicable, they can intervene in such cases as pre-determined by the network administrator to avoid further damage.

    IP address

    An IP address is a number assigned to each system that is participating in a network using the Internet Protocol, such as the World Wide Web.

     


    J

    Jailbreak

    In computing, to jailbreak means to modify a device, usually a smartphone, by removing any restrictions imposed by the device manufacturer, such as the downloading and installation of unauthorized software or apps from third-party markets.

    Other forms: jailbreaking

    Joke programs

    A joke program is a file that may not have a malicious payload but may inconvenience the user in another way. For example, it might play loud audio files, or pop up a funny video, or move the mouse cursor around the desktop.

     

    Learn more:

    Malware

    Keylogger

     

    Juice jacking

    Juice jacking is a cyberattack against unsuspecting targets via their mobile devices. This happens when the target plugs their device into a USB port to charge; however, the charging port also functions as a data connection, so threat actors can abuse this. Malware could be introduced to the device via the USB port or the USB cable itself, or sensitive information could be quietly retrieved from the device.

     

    Junk mail

    Junk mail is, essentially, email spam.

     

    Learn more:

    What is spam?


    K

    Key generator

    A key generator, or popularly known as keygen, is a piece of software that generates random keys—usually software product keys—for the purpose of letting the user activate and operate a program without them actually purchasing it.

    Keylogger

    In the context of malware, a keylogger is a type of Trojan spyware that is capable of stealing or recording user keystrokes. You can learn more at our dedicated keylogger page.

    For an in-depth look at keyloggers, see this page.

    Other forms: keylogger, keylogging

    Synonyms: keystroke logger, system monitor

    Keystream

    In cryptography, a keystream is a stream of random or pseudorandom characters you combine with plaintext to make a cyphertext.

    Keystroke

    A keystroke is one stroke of any key on a machine operated by a keyboard, such as a typewriter or a computer terminal. Sometimes keystrokes per hour (KSPH) or keystrokes per minute (KSPM) are used as a standard of typing speed.


    L

    Latency

    In computing, latency generally means a time delay from system input to desired output. This can be defined differently, depending on context.

     

    Lateral movement

    Lateral movement refers to various techniques and/or tactics that threat actors use that allow them to move through a network to access or search for critical assets and data within a network. At times, they employ this to control remote systems.

    Layered Service Provider (LSP)

    A Layered Service Provider (LSP) is a Windows feature that allows software to tap into data flowing through the network. It can intercept, filter, and even modify all the traffic between the internet and a system&#;s applications. For more information, see this blog post for an overview on how legit and illegitimate programs use LSPs.

    Linux

    Linux is a favorite and most used free, open-sourced operating system to date. This term also denotes a family of OS distributions (or distro) built around the Linux kernel.

    Local administrator privilege

    A local administrator privilege refers to administrator privileged access to a specific machine within a network, allowing an owner to make system configurations, install and uninstall software, and use other OS components.

    Local administrator privileges

    Refers to administrator access to a specific machine within a network, allowing an owner to make system configurations, install and uninstall software, and use other privileged OS components. The owner of the machine is usually (and by default) the administrator.

    Local Area Network (LAN)

    A Local Area Network, or LAN, is a network of computers and other devices spread over a relatively small space, e.g., a building or group of buildings. Usually, these devices all connect to a server or group of servers by ethernet or Wi-Fi.

    Localhost

    On any given system, the localhost refers to &#;This computer.&#; It uses the IP address to use the loopback function to reach the resources stored on the system itself.


    M

    MAC address

    A MAC address is your computer hardware&#;s unique number. MAC stands for Media Access Control.

    Machine code

    Machine code is the basic or fundamental language of computers. It is composed of binary numbers.

    Synonym: machine language

    Machine learning (ML)

    Machine learning is a form or subset of artificial intelligence (AI) where computers make use of large data sets and statistical techniques to improve at specific tasks without being manually reprogrammed.

    Macro

    Macro is a set of commands that application users group together and save, so they can execute it with a single command or keystroke.

    Macro virus

    A macro virus is malware written in the same macro language used in software applications, examples of which are Microsoft Word and Microsoft Excel.

     

    Learn more: 

    Antivirus

    Computer virus

    Madware

    Madware is aggressive advertising on mobile devices, particularly tablets and smartphones.

     

    Learn more:

    Malware

    Adware

    Malvertising

    Magecart

    Magecart is the collective name given to several groups of online criminals who engage in web skimming. They usually target the Magento system, a highly popular e-commerce platform, of online shops to steal customer payment card information.

    Mail bomb

    &#;Mail bomb&#; is a verb pertaining to the act of sending too much email to a person, group, or systems.

    Other form(s): Mail bombing

    Malspam

    Malspam, short for malware spam or malicious spam, is spam email that delivers malware. While regular spam is simply any unsolicited email, malspam contains infected attachments, phishing messages, or malicious URLs. It can also deliver a myriad of malware types, including ransomware, Trojans, bots, info-stealers, cryptominers, spyware, and keyloggers.

    Malware

    Malware, or “malicious software,” is an umbrella term that refers to any malicious program or code that is harmful to systems.

    For an in-depth look at malware, see this page.

    Man-in-the-Browser (MitB)

    A man in the browser is a form of Man-in-the-Middle (MiTM) attack wherein malware—usually a Trojan—is used to intercept and manipulate communication between the internet browser and its mechanisms or libraries to commit fraud.

    Other forms of abbreviation include: MIB, MiB, MITB

    Man-in-the-Middle (MitM)

    In cybersecurity, a Man-in-the-Middle (MitM) attack happens when a threat actor manages to intercept and forward the traffic between two entities without either of them noticing. In addition, some MitM attacks alter the communication between parties, again without them realizing.

    To pull this off, the attacker should not only be convincing in their impersonation  but also be able to follow and influence the conversation between two or more parties.

    A MitM attack can be done between browser and Internet, for example, or between a Wi-Fi hotspot and an Internet user.

    Managed service provider (MSP)

    A managed service provider (MSP) is a company that proactively offers remote support to a client&#;s IT infrastructure or endpoints. Oftentimes, this term is used interchangeably with &#;cloud service provider&#;.

    Master Boot Record (MBR)

    Typically, the Master Boot Record (MBR) is the first sector on a startup drive or other partitioned media. It contains a bootloader, an executable code that works as a loader for the OS. For more information, see this blog post for a deep dive on MBRs.

    Synonyms: partition sector, master partition table

    Memory dump

    A memory dump is content of a system&#;s RAM (random access memory) created at a specific point in time. This is usually done at the moment of a program crash or system failure and used to diagnose the problem. However, this can also be made manually for memory forensics, such as investigating advanced malware (e.g. fileless).

    A memory resident program possesses the ability to remain in memory, and can be a common trait of certain pieces of malware.

    Metadata

    Metadata is data about data. It gives background information, such as origin, relevance, and creation, about data. Examples are geotags in media files (say, where was a photograph taken) and author and data modified in document files.

    Metropolitan area network (MAN)

    A metropolitan area network (MAN) is a network of LANs. It spans an entire campus or an entire city, but it&#;s smaller than a WAN.

    Middelware

    Middleware is software that sits between the OS and the software it runs, thus the name. Middleware provides additional services to these software that the OS cannot. For example, middleware allows users to submit a form on a web browser, or allows a server to return results based on user queries.

    Miner

    Miner is also known as cryptocurrency miner. This is a form of malware that uses the resources of an infected system to mine cryptocurrency (e.g. Bitcoins) for the threat actor.

    Mitigation

    In computing, mitigation is the process or act of containing the impact and/or risk from an attack. Remediation usually follows mitigation.

    Money mule

    A money mule is someone who is tricked into accepting money from scammers, keeping it in their account for a period of time, and then forwarding it on to a second account. For more information, see this blog post on children and young adults as the next generation money mules.

    Other forms: Money muling, muling

    Multi-factor authentication (MFA)

    Multi-factor authentication (MFA) suggests using two or more authentication protocols. The most well-known MFA is two-factor authentication (2FA). Both represent the combination of more than one method of gaining access to a resource. For more information, see this blog post on the basics of 2FA.

    Multi-tenancy

    Muti-tenancy refers to a software architecture in which a single instance of software running in a server can cater to multiple users. A tenant is referred to here as the user.

    Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)

    Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) is an enhancement of the Short Message Service (SMS), which allows users to send longer messages (SMS is limited to characters) accompanied by pictures, short videos, and audio over a cellular network.

    Multiplatform

    Multiplatform, or cross-platform, is an expression to describe software that has been developed to work on multiple operating systems.

    Mumblehard malware

    Mumblehard malware is a type of malware that specifically targets Linux and BSD servers, using spambots to compromise systems. It derived its name from the spam being &#;mumbled&#; out of affected systems and servers.


    N

    National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC)

    The National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) is an organization in the United Kingdom that gives cyber security guidance and support to the public and private sectors. Its headquarters is in London.

    National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

    The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is a unit of the US Commerce Department that promotes and maintains measurement standards. It was formerly known as the National Bureau of Standards.

    National Security Agency (NSA)

    The National Security Agency (NSA) is an intelligence agency of the US Department of Defense that monitors, processes, and collects information and data for the purpose of foreign and domestic intelligence and counterintelligence.

    Near-field communication (NFC)

    Near-field communication (NFC) is a short-range communication standard co-developed by Sony and Philips. Like Bluetooth, NFC is also a wireless means of doing peer-to-peer (P2P) data transfer without an internet connection. For NFC to work, two devices must either be touched together or be a few centimeters away of each other. A majority of modern smartphones come with NFC.

    Net neutrality

    Net neutrality is a concept, principle, or idea that ISPs must treat all internet data equally, regardless of its kind, source, or destination. The term was first coined in by Tim Wu, a professor at Columbia Law School.

    Other form(s): network neutrality

    Synonym: internet neutrality

    Network

    In computing, the definition of a network is a group of two or more computers or systems linked together. For example, your home network might consist of several devices that connect to a central router, including your desktop, gaming consoles, laptops, phones, and other Internet-connected gadgets.

    A prime property of networks is their topology, or the way they are laid out, connect to one another, and communicate with one another. The main topologies of networks are:

    • Mesh: every device, or node, is connected to one another. This is the most secure network that can handle the highest amount of traffic, but it&#;s also the most expensive.
    • Star: every device connects through a central hub. This allows for other nodes to stay online if one goes down, but if the central hub/server goes down, the entire network goes with it.
    • Bus: every device is connected by one cable that acts as the backbone of the network. This also allows for other nodes to stay online if one goes down, but any problems with the cable render the entire network useless. It&#;s the cheapest option, but not optimal for large networks.
    • Ring: every device is connected in a circular fashion, and the data travels in one direction. This configuration is easy to install and manage, and can handle large volumes of traffic. Expanding the network is time-consuming, however, and if one computer goes down, so does the network.
    • Tree: a hybrid topology that connects clusters of star networks to a single bus line. This helps to divide and manage a larger network, but can be just as easily taken down as a bus configuration.

    Network perimeter

    A network perimeter refers to the boundary between a private network and a public network, such as the World Wide Web.

    Network segmentation

    In computer networking, network segmentation is the practice of dividing a network into subnetworks to boost performance and improve security.

    NewTab

    NewTab is software that changes the default page of a new tab on the browser. This can result in similar negative effects and behavior to browser toolbars or browser hijackers. NewTab can manipulate browser(s) to change their home page or search provider in order to hijack Internet traffic and inject advertisements.


    O

    Obfuscation

    Obfuscation is when malware deliberately tries to obscure its true intent to potential victims, and/or attempts to hide portions of code from malware researchers performing analysis.

     

    Learn more:

    Malware

    Open Systems Interconnection (OSI)

    Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) is a model that defines a networking framework to implement protocols in seven layers:

    1. Physical
    2. Data Link
    3. Network
    4. Transport
    5. Session
    6. Presentation
    7. Application

    This model was designed by ISO (International Organization for Standardization) as a design template for building network systems. The lower layers deal with electrical signals, chunks of binary data, and routing of these data across networks. Higher levels cover network requests and responses, representation of data, and network protocols as seen from a user&#;s point of view.

    Operating system (OS)

    An operating system (OS) is software that supports a computer&#;s basic functions, such as executing applications, controlling peripherals, and scheduling tasks. The most well-known operating systems are Microsoft Windows, Linux, Apple macOS and iOS, Android, and Google&#;s Chrome OS.

    Opportunistic attack

    In contrast to a targeted attack, an opportunistic attack involves malware that is distributed in large numbers for anyone to download or injected into websites for anyone to access. Well-known methods are email and exploit kits.

    Synonym: mass malware


    P

    Packer

    Packer is usually short for runtime packers. It is also known as self-extracting archives, which is software that unpacks itself in memory when the “packed file” is executed. Finally, this technique is also called executable compression.

    This type of compression was invented to make files smaller so that users wouldn’t have to unpack them manually before they could be executed. However, given the current size of portable media and faster Internet speeds, the need for smaller files is not that urgent anymore. So when you see some packers being used nowadays, it is almost always for malicious purposes: to make reverse engineering more difficult, with the added benefit of a smaller footprint on the infected machine. For more information about this subject, have a look at the blog post Explained: Packer, Crypter, and Protector.

    Passcode

    A passcode is essentially a short and simple password. This could be the four-digit numerical code to unlock a smart phone or a banking PIN number, for example.

    Passphrase

    A passphrase is essentially a complex password made up of a sequence of words. The difference between a passphrase and a regular password is that passphrases are more complex because of the presence of spaces and their longer lengths.

    Password

    In cybersecurity, a password is a method of authentication used to gain entry into an online account. Passwords are typically made up of a combination of letters and numbers, sometimes with special characters included. It&#;s generally understood that the longer a password is, the more secure it is.

    Username and password combinations have become popular modes of authentication due to their relative ease of use. However, the growing need for longer and more complex passwords, each one unique for each online account, has diminished that ease of use a bit.

    Password cracking

    Password cracking, like password guessing, is another &#;brute force&#; method of attack against encrypted accounts or systems. However, it&#;s less about guessing and more about working with an acquired list of passwords hashes or the database itself. These hashes can be obtained via network sniffing.

    Password cracking application

    A password cracking application is typically a tool designed to recover a password from a system, or brute force its way in by manner of guessing the right password.

    Password guessing

    Password guessing is a &#;brute force&#; method of gaining access to an encrypted account or system by systematically guessing its password. Typically, a dictionary type scheme is used to do this. Guessing a password successfully is only possible in the event that weak passwords are used.

    Password guessing shouldn&#;t be confused with password cracking.

    Synonym: PG-ing

     

    Learn more: 

    What is a password manager?

    Brute force attack

    Password manager

    A password manager is a software application designed to store and manage online credentials. It also generates passwords. Usually, these passwords are stored in an encrypted database and locked behind a master password. For more information, see this blog post for a longer brief on password managers, and what to do if you&#;re opposed to using one.

    Payload

    In cybersecurity, a payload is malware that the threat actor intends to deliver to the victim. For example, if a cybercriminal sent out an email with a malicious Macro as the attachment and the victim gets infected with ransomware, then the ransomware is the payload (and not the email or document).

     

    Learn more:

    Malware

    Ransomware

    Computer virus

    Peer-to-peer (P2P)

    Peer-to-peer, sometimes abbreviated as P2P, involves the sharing of files and/or resources between two computers connected to each other through a network. Each of these computers become a file server to the other.

    Penetration testing

    Penetration testing, or pen testing, is the practice of running controlled attacks on a computer system, network, software, or other application in an attempt to find unpatched vulnerabilities or flaws. By performing pen tests, an organization can find ways to harden their systems against possible future real attacks, and thus make them less exploitable.

    Peopleware

    Peopleware is the term used to refer to the role of humans/people in information technology, such as the creation of hardware and software.

    Personal identification number (PIN)

    A personal identification number (PIN) is a set of numeric or alphanumeric characters used for authentication. While typically used in ATMs and point-of-sale card transactions, PINs are also used by operating systems like Windows and macOS.

    Personally Identifiable Information (PII)

    Personally Identifiable Information (PII) is the term used for data that can be tracked back to one specific user. Examples of PII are names, social security numbers, biometrics, and other information that, in combination with other data, could be enough to identify a user.

    &#;Personally Identifiable Information&#; also has a legal definition, depending on the country and its laws. Personally Identifiable Information in one state may not include the same type of information as &#;personal information&#; or &#;personal data&#; in another state, but the purpose of these laws is often the same—to protect the types of data that could reveal a person&#;s identity.

    Pharma

    Pharma is short for “pharmacy.” In cybersecurity, the expression refers to spam or websites that traffic in fake or illegal medication. These sites may also sell legal medication, but in violation of local laws.

    Phishing

    Phishing scams attempt to obtain your information by presenting themselves as legitimate websites, then asking for your password, credit card details, or other sensitive information.

     

    Learn more: 

    Phishing

    Social engineering

    Spam

     

    Phishing kit

    A phishing kit is a set of materials and tools that allows scammers with little technical ability to create a convincing phish. Someone in need of a large-scale attack also uses a kit to deploy a phishing campaign at short notice.

     

    Learn more: 

    Phishing

    Social engineering

    Spam

    Phreaking

    Phreaking is the act of hacking into telecommunication systems, primarily to obtain free phone calls.

    Plaintext

    Before, plaintext just refers to any text, text file, or document containing text with no special formatting. The definition of the word has expanded to include any data that can be viewed in its original, plain form as opposed to its encrypted form.

    Other form(s): plain text, plain-text

    Platform

    A platform is most commonly the software used to operate a PC, such as an operating system.

    Point-of-sale (PoS) malware

    Point-of-sale (PoS) malware usually targets payment terminals and card readers to compromise payment data and send it to criminals.

    Polymorphism

    In the context of malware terminology, polymorphism is the ability of code to change its identifiable features while maintaining its functionality. Because of this ability, polymorphic malware like Emotet are difficult to detect.

    Portable device

    A portable device is a device that can easily be carried around, such as a laptop, notebook, tablet, or phone.

    The Portable Executable (PE) file header contains the metadata about the executable file itself. At its bare minimum, it comprises of the following: a DOS stub, a signature, the architecture of the file’s code, a time stamp, a pointer, and various flags.

    Power User

    A power user is typically someone performing specific tasks or functions to a higher level than others, often with specialised equipment or tools to get the tasks done.

    PowerShell

    PowerShell is a configuration management framework that allows system administrators and power-users to perform administrative tasks via a command line.

    Preinstalled software

    Preinstalled software is software that typically comes pre-loaded on a new computer separate from the operating system. Most preinstalled software is not necessary for the proper functioning of the computer. In some cases, it may have the negative effect of impacting the computer&#;s performance by using memory, CPU, and hard drive resources.

    Privilege escalation

    An act or event that occurs when a threat actor or unauthorized user achieves full access to normally restricted resources on a computing device’s operating system (OS) it has gained access to.

    Professional Service Automation (PSA)

    A PSA is software that allows companies to manage their resources efficiently. It is used from start to finish of a project&#;s lifecycle, which usually begins from assigning people up to billing the client once the project is done.

    Proof of concept

    A proof of concept (PoC) is a demonstration that a certain idea or method works. In computer security this often means that hackers show that they have been able to make use of a security flaw in software or hardware.

     

    Learn more:

    Exploits

    Hacking

     

    Protector

    In malware research, a protector is software intended to prevent tampering and reverse engineering of programs. The methods used can—and usually will—include both packing and encrypting. This combination, plus added features, makes what is usually referred to as a protector. Researchers are then faced with protective layers around the payload, making reverse engineering difficult.

    A completely different approach, which also falls under the umbrella of protectors, is code virtualization, which uses a customized and different virtual instruction set every time you use it to protect your application. Of these protectors, there are professional versions that are used in the gaming industry against piracy. More information about this and related subjects can be found in our blog post, Explained: Packer, Crypter, and Protector

    Proxy

    A proxy is something which sits between your computer and whatever you may be connecting to, shielding your true identity from it. These are mostly used for increased anonymity.

    Proxy server

    A proxy server is something that sits between your device and the servers you&#;re making requests to. A benefit of this is shielding some of your information, such as your IP address.

    Pseudocode

    Pronounced as soo-doh-kohd. It is a detailed human-readable yet detailed description of what a computer program or algorithm is supposed to do. Pseudocode is often used in developing a program. It also provides programmers a template to follow in writing their code.

    Related blog post(s):

    PUM

    Stands for potentially unwanted modification. This is an alteration made to a computer’s registry (or other settings), which either damages the computer or changes its behaviour, without knowledge of the user. Such unwanted alterations can be done by legitimate software, malware, grayware, or PUP.

    Punycode

    Is a method of encoding that converts Unicode to ASCII. This is especially helpful when representing non-Latin or foreign characters that are used in Internet host names.

    Related blog post(s):

    PUP

    PUPs, or Potentially Unwanted Programs, are programs that may include advertising, toolbars, and pop-ups that are unrelated to the software you downloaded. PUPs often come bundled with other software that you installed.


    Q

    QR Code

    A QR code is a 2-dimensional barcode. They are squares filled with black and white blocks invented to keep track of cars during manufacturing.

    Quarantine

    In computing terms, to quarantine is when a potentially malicious file is placed into a &#;safe&#; location by the onboard security software, so that it can do no harm while the user decides what to do with it.


    R

    RAM scraping

    RAM scraping, or memory scraping, is the act of scanning the memory of digital devices, such as point-of-sale (PoS) systems, to retrieve sensitive personal and banking information. PoS malware can usually perform RAM scraping.

     

    Learn more:

    What is RAM?

    Random access memory (RAM)

    A random access memory (RAM) is a computer hardware device where the OS, installed software applications, and data the user currently uses is stored so it would be easier for the processor to retrieve them. It is the main memory of a computer.

     

    Learn more:

    What is RAM?

    What is a hard drive?

     

     

    Ransomware

    Ransomware is a form of malware that locks you out of your device and/or encrypts your files, then forces you to pay a ransom to get them back.

    For an in-depth look at ransomware, see this page.

    RAR

    RAR files, like other archives, are essentially data containers where one or more files are stored in compressed form. WinRAR is the software typically used to compress these files. RAR files use the .rar extension.

    Recon

    Is short for reconnaissance, which (in the context of information security) describes an act of a threat actor using remote access tools (RAT) to gain access to a target system to assess items of value and map the network landscape.

    Remediation

    In computing, this is the process or method of correcting system changes, regardless of severity, on the affected system. Mitigation usually precedes remediation.

    Remote access

    Is controlling a computer system from another location. There are many programs that enable this method of working. Unfortunately, it is also a tool of choice for Tech Support Scammers.

    Remote administration tool (RAT)

    A software program that allows users to control another system as if they have physical access to it.

    Remote code execution (RCE) attack

    A remote code execution (RCE) attack happens when a threat actor illegally accesses and manipulates a computer or server without authorization from its owner. A system can be taken over using malware.

     

    Learn more: 

    Malware

    Hacking

    Remote desktop protocol (RDP)

    Remote desktop protocol (RDP) is a network communications protocol that allows remote management of assets. Network administrators normally use RDP to diagnose problems on the endpoint.

    Remote user

    Is someone who operates or accesses a computing device from an off-site location.

    Retrovirus

    A retrovirus is also referred to as an anti-anti-virus virus. This means that it tries to attack and disable any anti-virus or protective software on the system it is trying to infect to avoid detection.

    Revenge porn

    Revenge porn is the distribution of sexually explicit material, such as images and videos, of someone without their consent whether they know such material existed or not. Usually, revenge porn is initiated by former intimate partners of the subject to humiliate them.

    Other form(s): revenge pornograpy

    Synonym: image-based sexual abuse

    Riskware

    Riskware, or “risky software,” describes legitimate software programs that contain loopholes or vulnerabilities that can be exploited by hackers for malicious purposes.

    Robocall

    A robocall is an automated phone call that delivers a recorded message. Normally, political parties, schools, and telemarketing companies use robocall. But scammers are known to abuse robocalls. For more information, see this blog post for a deep dive on robocalling.

     

    Learn more:

    Scam calls

    Rootkit

    A rootkit is software, generally classified as malware, that provides the attacker with administrator privileges on the infected system and actively hides. They also hide from other software on the system, often even from the operating system.

    RunPE Technique

    A common technique malware uses: running the original executable, suspending it, unmapping from the memory, mapping the payload on its place, and running it again.


    S

    Safe Mode

    It’s a boot option that loads only the most basic drivers needed for Windows to run. There are different sets of drivers that can be loaded, depending on the kind of “Safe Mode” the user selects. For more information, see the article safe mode.

    Sandbox solution

    A type of solution wherein IT administers run a program in a controlled environment to determine whether it is safe to deploy within their network or not.

    Scam

    In cybersecurity, scams are attempts to obtain money or something else of value through dishonest means, mostly over the Internet, though sometimes with a phone call.

    Screen scraper

    A screen scraper is a form of malware capable of taking screenshots or gathering data from the visible desktop to send them back to its controller.

    Screenlocker

    A screenlocker can either be a legitimate program that locks a PC while users are away from the desk, or a piece of malware, which could be anything from a &#;prank&#; software to ransomware. The latter locks a desktop while encrypting files to blackmail a victim into paying a ransom.

    Script kiddie

    A script kiddie is a derogatory term given to hackers who may feel have no technical ability. Some wear the name as a badge of pride.

    Search neutrality

    Search neutrality is a concept asserting that the rules for net neutrality should be applied to search engines.

    Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)

    A Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is an

    Источник: [storycall.us]

    Tracker Telegram on LG Q8

    Content

    That's fine, but it's hard to recommend the average person pay extra for a 5G phone right now.

    Frequently asked questions

    The technology is exciting, but very much a work in progress. Oppo's flagship phones have historically sold for a midrange price , with good-enough processors and cameras that punched above their weight. The Reno isn't like that. The Reno 5G and 10x Zoom are premium from top to bottom.

    OPPO Reno Z Review – Great, Despite the Software

    The middle of Samsung's new Galaxy S20 devices is powerful and large, without being ridiculous. New cameras, longer battery life, Night Mode, a goofy selfie feature and a price drop Premium, pocketable and packed with all the features you need to level up your photography Be respectful, keep it civil and stay on topic.

    We delete comments that violate our policy , which we encourage you to read. Discussion threads can be closed at any time at our discretion.

    Don't show this again. Design 8. Features 8.

    Smart Assistant's Steps Tracker

    Learn in this article the best way to track the Oppo device remotely and secretly. phone tracking application that allows you to monitor target Android device in. Oppo tracker. Best Oppo tracker app. Spy on Oppo phones without ROOT. Download and install the application on the phone you want to monitor. To install an.

    Please check your phone for the download link. Track my order. Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur.

    Oppo Reno 5G is only as good as its network

    Realme 5 pro. Original Smartphones 6. Related Categories. Seller Picks. All of the best and finest specs and features, a smartphone can offer are put into the flagship device. A true companion whenever needed.

    Oppo Reno2 review

    We have gathered Mobile Specifications all low to high cost phones and presented them in simple and well organised form. You can also compare any mobile specifications with any mobile as our website is data driven.

    When should you expect to receive Android 10? (Updated March 20)

    We aim to repair a fault by midnight on the next working day after you report the fault to us unless a specific appointment date is agreed. Maximum of calls a month to and numbers. When I was reviewing the Honor 20, this was actually a problem. You can only have one data and one minutes Add-On at any one time A UK Best mobile track program Oppo Reno covers minutes or data used over your inclusive plan allowance, up to the allowance for that Add-On, from your last BT Mobile bill until your next one. The battery on the Reno Z is nothing short of amazing. Top 10 AC s. How long will it take for BT to unlock my device? Apple PromptCare operates between 8am and 6pm on weekdays and Saturdays. You must claim your Reward Card once your broadband is installed and you have 3 months from this date to claim. Carriers around the world, from Sprint and Verizon in the US to Telstra in Australia, have begun offering ultrafast 5G mobile internet, but there are less than a best mobile track program Oppo Reno of phones that can take advantage of .

    Begin your mobile search here or choose from Latest Mobiles Realme 6i. Oppo Find X2. Oppo Reno3 Pro. Oppo F Nokia's Hattrick with launch of Nokia 1 Plus, Nokia 3. Please check your phone for the download link. Track my order.

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    OPPO A5s 6. Oppo A5s 6. OPPO A3s original.

    • These are the best smartphones for any budget in !
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    Oppo A9 6. OPPO F1s 5. Related Categories. Seller Picks.

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    Tracking SamsungGalaxy A3

    Contents:

  • custom-block
  • Samsung Galaxy A3

  • Yours may or may not be one of them. But for smartphones and tablets running Android, iOS or Windows Phone, it is likely the device has software needed to locate it. Here are a number of things you can try.. If your Android device is configured with a Google Account, you might be in luck. As long as the battery of the phone is still charged, the phone has not been switched off and it has an internet connection, Google may be able to pinpoint your device.

    Samsung Galaxy A3 4G [Grade A]

    You can ring the device, lock it, or even completely wipe all information on it. And, best of all, show you it's location on a map. If you're prompted to sign in, use the same Google account you used to sign in on your phone. However helpful those technologies you see in cinemas would be; Most of what you see in movies can not be done in real life. In real life, for people like you and me, there simply is no way to find a mobile device by entering it's phone number or IMEI number. If that would be possible, it would be an enormous privacy issue to any person carrying a phone.

    So, how does the police do this? Mobile phones constantly search for and connect with the nearest antennas operated by the telephone company. Most, if not all telephone companies keep record which antennas their subscribers connect to. These records allow a device to be traced to the tower it is on. Step 4: Then log in to your web portal and select Location option from the side panel to track the location of the Samsung device. The GPS location of the target phone is displayed on the Google map in real time, so that you can track the current whereabouts of the target Samsung phone and view location history in detail.

    The app is undetectable on the target Samsung phone, for it will disappear on the monitored device after the installation process, making the target hard to find and delete it. All the tracked data is stored in a safe location and is inaccessible to others, including KidsGuard Pro support. Find My Mobile from Samsung allows users to track the location of their phone, as well as lock, reset, or backup their device remotely. Since you can also track the location of your device, you can also use this app to find your lost device, or track someone's location. Step 3: Then, you need to select the target Samsung device in the Find My Mobile online interface and track its location.

    The way can not offer an accurate location tracking solution. You can only see the approximate location of the target Samsung phone. The third way to track the location of a Smashing phone is by using its IMEI number to track the device. IMEI is a digit number that is unique to every mobile, and if you lost your device, then you could track its IMEI number to track its location.

    To track the location of a Samsung device, you must first know its IMEI number in advance, for which steps are given below:. Just to let you know I decided to take the risk and have bought a Charge HR to replace my flex as I wanted something that showed the time. I have only used it for a day but I can say that it does work with the Galaxy A3 I had already got the app installed but when I used it the first time and added the new device there was no problem.

    That's great Sshishin I liked the flex but this is even better. I did a workout this morning and it's good to beable to easily track that and see the heart rate.

    Thanks for the updates! I'm so glad to hear that you are back on track and working hard to achieve your goals! Due to recent events affecting our operations, support options are limited and wait times are longer than usual. Visit our help site for answers to many common questions and other self-service options.

    Turn on suggestions. Auto-suggest helps you quickly narrow down your search results by suggesting possible matches as you type. Showing results for. Did you mean:. Report this post Message 1 of Moderator edit: edited title for clarity Answered! Affects Me Too. Best Answer. All forum topics Previous Topic Next Topic.

    custom-block

    Accepted Solutions. Fitbit Alum. A giant Android mascot at Googleplex in. Tap the Active apps icon, and tap End and OK if youre prompted.

    The next thing you should so is to put it in a bowl of dry rice for a few days. They said that Androids Java runtime environment is based on Apache Harmony, a clean room implementation of the Java class libraries, and an independently developed virtual machine called Dalvik. Be careful using WiFi, use strong passwords, turn off WiFi. How can i spy on my husband cell phone without touching his cell. If your phone is frozen.

    A lot can be said about the advantages of modern day cell phones, but due to the complexity of the way they work they sometimes freezes. La versione 4.

    Platform Tools folder is, open it up, then: All Trusty applications are singlethreaded; multithreading in Trusty userspace currently is unsupported. Everything is very well laid out and easy to use. This requires the use of the command prompt if youve never used ADB before, and a certain level of comfort with issuing short commands.

    InfoWorld has suggested that some Android manufacturers initially treated their first tablets as a "Frankenphone business", a shortterm lowinvestment opportunity by placing a smartphoneoptimized Android OS before Android 3. There is no readymade software to hack anyones account. This is a rare issue for the A5, and its more likely due to Internet Service Provider problems on the users side than a problem with the phone itself.

    Increase the Volume of Notifications. Google publishes most of the code including network and telephony stacks under the noncopyleftApache License version 2.

    Samsung Galaxy A3 Indonesia - Hampir Jadi Daily Driver

    NoLED is an app used to display custom notifications and icons on your screen, available on the Play Store. If we managed to solve your issue you can share the article, and you can follow us on Twitter and Facebook. For at least million Its possible you already have the appropriate drivers for your Android device, but if you dont, youll need to get them from your manufacturers website.

    With the recent demise of StealthGenie, and the changing of services from mSpy and Mobilespy, FlexiSpy Extreme really stands out on its own. Other malware displays unwanted and intrusive advertisements on the device, or sends personal information to unauthorised third parties. Now try these commands instead: After a year or two your battery will most likely have lost much of its ability to retain that all important battery juice.

    Rumor has it that Samsung has gone for a full metal look for this phone Learn how to track your kids iPhone easily. An important thing to remember in all of this is that the company behind Flexispy is not based in the United States, nor are their servers or infrastructure.

    Samsung Galaxy A3

    This gives them a major level of protection from U. Lets quickly confirm that youve set up ADB correctly. It needs the target phone carrier to be compatible with 3 way calling — some are and some are not. Many modern phones are now water resistant, but the sadly A5 lacks this feature. If the phone is accidently submerged in water, theres still a good chance it can be saved if you act quickly.

    Источник: [storycall.us]

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