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Microsoft Windows 10 Professional 32|64Bit USB (Flash Drive) Familiar and better than ever Make the web work the way you do The new windows store is the one. Windows 10 Pro enables your business to do great things from anywhere, and has the built-in flexibility necessary to scale as your business grows. Windows 10 is a major release of the Windows NT operating system developed by Microsoft. It is the successor to Windows , which was released nearly two.

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Upgrading your PC or building a new one? Buy Windows 10 for the best price possible

With a new PC, you might be looking to buy a copy of Windows But, if you’re working on an older PC or hoping to install Windows on a Mac, you’ll want to upgrade to Windows Updating to microsoft windows 10 pro latest OS is the best way to make sure your PC stays secure, especially now that Windows 8 is considered vulnerable to a number of security risks. If you have an older computer running a legacy version of Windows, you’ll want to find the best price for an upgrade to Windows 10, especially now that the deadline for the free update has passed.

We’ve rounded up the best deals available right now so you can upgrade to Windows 10 without breaking the bank. And, by grabbing Windows 10, you get access to Cortana assistance and faster performance, as well as important security-related features.

No matter if you’ve grabbed a great laptop, are putting together a new system, or just want to upgrade an older machine, you’ll have to get a copy of Windows To help you, we keep tabs on the latest prices of Microsoft’s current OS microsoft windows 10 pro you can find the best deal. You'll also find more offers available over the next few weeks as the first Black Friday deals for are now live with a number of top Black Friday laptop deals.

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You may still be running your computer on Windows 7 or 8, microsoft windows 10 pro, and if so now's the time to buy Windows This isn't just a performance update, Windows 10 brings new features and security settings to your machine that are Jogos de Rock Music de Graça para Baixar to getting your work done in today's operating systems. From the ease of the Cortana assistant to the speed boost you'll notice instantly, upgrading your older system to Windows 10 will be well worth your while. 

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Windows 10 Home is the version that most people will need. It's for home use and includes game microsoft windows 10 pro from Xbox One and other consumer features like Cortana, as well as Windows Hello for logging into your PC via a fingerprint scanner or your face. If Windows 8 was the steepest learning curve imaginable, Windows 10 is like meeting a great friend you once knew again - it's just that they've bought some new clothes of which you really do approve. If you're looking to buy Windows 10 Home today, you'll find some excellent offers to save you some cash below. 

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Buy Windows 10 Pro if you need the extra security and management improvements over the Home version above. It includes Hyper-V for virtualization, BitLocker whole disk encryption, enterprise mode IE, Remote Desktop, a version of the Windows Store for your own business and assigned access (which locks a PC to running only one modern application, to use like a kiosk). Network admins can also schedule updates so they don't happen at important times.

Buy Windows 10 to install on a Mac

Another reason you might want to buy Windows 10 is you want to install the operating system on an Apple Mac computer. You can install Windows 10 on a Mac that is no older than by using Boot Camp Assistant, Apple's own utility. You will need between 64GB and GB of free storage space on your computer, as well as an external USB flash drive with at least 16GB of space in certain instances. Find out more about installing Windows 10 on a Mac via Apple Support. Once installed, you'll be able to switch between Mac OS and Windows 10 when you start up ZBrush serial key Archives computer. 

Источник: [storycall.us]

Windows 10

Personal computer operating system by Microsoft released in

This article is about the operating system for personal computers. For the related (now discontinued) operating system for mobile devices, see Windows 10 Mobile.

Not to be confused with Windows

Windows 10 storycall.us
Windows 10 Home Version 21H1 storycall.us

Screenshot of Windows 10 version 21H1, showing the Start Menu and Action Center in light theme

Written in
OS familyMicrosoft Windows
Source model
Released to
July&#;15, ; 6 years ago&#;()
July&#;29, ; 6 years ago&#;()
Latest release21H2 () (November&#;16, ; 5 days ago&#;()[5]) [±]
Latest preview (November&#;18, ; 3 days ago&#;()[6]) [±]
Marketing targetPersonal computing
Available in languages[7][8] (Specific language packs included on the device depend on the mobile operator (for cellular connected devices) or device manufacturer. Additional language packs are available for download on the Microsoft Store, pursuant to manufacturer and carrier support.)

List of languages

Update method
PlatformsIA, x, ARMv7,[9][10]ARM64[11][12][13]
Kernel typeHybrid (Windows NT kernel)
UserlandNative API
Windows API
.NET Framework
Universal Windows Platform
Windows Subsystem for Linux
NTVDM (IA only)
user interface
Windows shell (graphical)
LicenseTrialware,[14]Microsoft Software Assurance, MSDN subscription, Microsoft Imagine
Preceded byWindows ()
Succeeded byWindows 11 ()
Official websitestorycall.us
All editions except "Enterprise LTSB/LTSC" are supported until October 14, as long as they install the latest feature upgrades.[15][16] The Enterprise LTSB/LTSC editions are supported for 10 years after their release date. See §&#;Support lifecycle for details.

Windows 10 is a major release of the Windows NToperating system developed by Microsoft. It is the successor to Windowswhich was released nearly two years earlier, and itself was released to manufacturing on July 15,and broadly released for the general public on July 29, [17] Windows 10 was made available for download via MSDN and TechNet, as a free upgrade for retail copies of Windows 8 and Windows users via the Windows Store, and to Windows 7 users via Windows Update. Windows 10 receives new builds on an ongoing basis, which are available at no additional cost to users, in addition to additional test builds of Windows 10, which are available to Windows Insiders. Devices in enterprise environments can receive these updates at a slower pace, or use long-term support milestones that only receive critical updates, such as security patches, over their ten-year lifespan of extended support.[18][19]

Windows 10 received generally positive reviews upon its original release. Critics praised Microsoft's decision to provide the desktop-oriented interface in line with previous versions of Windows, contrasting the tablet-oriented approach of Windows 8, although Windows 10's touch-oriented user interface mode was criticized for containing regressions upon the touch-oriented interface of its predecessor, microsoft windows 10 pro. Critics also praised the improvements to Windows 10's bundled software over WindowsXbox Live integration, as well as the functionality and capabilities of the Cortana personal assistant and the replacement of Internet Explorer with Microsoft Edge. However, media outlets have been critical of the changes microsoft windows 10 pro operating system behaviors, including mandatory update installation, privacy concerns over data collection performed by the OS for Microsoft and its partners, and adware-like tactics used to promote the operating system on its release.[20]

Microsoft initially aimed to have Windows 10 installed on over one billion devices within three years of its release;[18] that goal was ultimately reached microsoft windows 10 pro five years after release on March 16, [21] By JanuaryWindows 10 surpassed Windows 7 as the most popular version of Windows worldwide.[22] As of June&#;[update], it is estimated that 79% of Windows PCs,[22] 58% of all PCs (the rest being older Windows versions and other operating systems such as macOS and Linux), and 24% of all devices (including mobile, tablet and console)[23] are running Windows On June 24,Microsoft announced Windows 10's successor, Windows 11, which was released on October 5, [24]

Windows 10 is the final version of Windows which supports IA and ARMv7-based processors (also known as bit processors). Its successor, Windows 11, requires a bit processor in any supported architecture (x/AMD64 for x86 and ARMv8 for ARM).


At the Microsoft Worldwide Partner Conference inAndrew Lees, the chief of Microsoft's mobile technologies, microsoft windows 10 pro, said that the company intended to have a single software ecosystem for PCs, microsoft windows 10 pro, phones, tablets, and other devices: "We won't have an ecosystem for PCs, and one for phones, and one for tablets‍&#;‌they'll all come together."[25][26]

In Decembertechnology writer Mary Jo Foley reported that Microsoft was working on an update to Windows 8 codenamed "Threshold", after a planet in its Halo franchise.[27] Similarly to "Blue" (which became Windows ),[28] Foley described Threshold, not as a single operating system, but as a "wave of operating systems" across multiple Microsoft platforms and services, quoting Microsoft sources, scheduled for the second quarter of She also stated that one of the goals for Threshold was microsoft windows 10 pro create a unified application platform and development toolkit for Windows, Windows Phone and Xbox One (which all use a similar kernel based on Windows NT).[27][29]

At the Build Conference in AprilMicrosoft's Terry Myerson unveiled an updated version of Windows (build ) that added the ability to run Windows Store apps inside desktop windows and a more traditional Start menu in place of the Start microsoft windows 10 pro seen in Windows 8. The new Start menu takes after Microsoft windows 10 pro 7's design by using only a portion of the screen and including a Windows 7-style application listing in the first column. The second column displays Windows 8-style app tiles. Myerson said that these changes would occur in a future update, but did not elaborate.[30][31] Microsoft also unveiled the concept of a "universal Windows app", allowing Windows Store apps created for Windows to be ported to Windows Phone and Xbox One while sharing a common codebase, with an interface designed for different device form factors, and allowing user data and licenses for an app to be shared between multiple platforms. Windows Phone would share nearly 90% of the common Windows Runtime APIs with Windows on PCs.[30][32][33][34]

Screenshots of a Windows build purported to be Threshold were leaked in Julyshowing the previously presented Start menu and windowed Windows Store apps,[35] followed by a further screenshot of a build identifying itself as "Windows Technical Preview", numberedin Septembershowing a new virtual desktop system, a notification center, and a new File Explorer icon.[36]


"Windows 9" redirects here. For the Windows versions produced from tosee Windows 9x.

On September 30,Microsoft officially announced that Threshold would be unveiled during a media event as Windows Myerson said that Windows 10 would be Microsoft's "most comprehensive platform ever", microsoft windows 10 pro, providing a single, unified platform for desktop and laptop computers, tablets, smartphones, and all-in-one devices.[37][38][39] He emphasized that Windows 10 would take steps towards restoring user interface mechanics from Windows 7 to improve the experience for users on non-touch devices, noting criticism of Windows 8's touch-oriented interface by keyboard and mouse users.[40][41] Despite these concessions, Myerson noted that the touch-optimized interface would evolve as well on [42]

In regards to Microsoft naming microsoft windows 10 pro new operating system Windows 10 instead of Windows 9, Terry Myerson said that "based on the product that's coming, and just how different our approach will be overall, it wouldn't be right to call it Windows 9."[43] He also joked that they could not call it "Windows One" (alluding to several recent Microsoft products with a similar brand, such as OneDrive, OneNote, and the Xbox One) because Windows already existed.[44] At a San Francisco conference in OctoberTony Prophet, Microsoft's Vice President of Windows Marketing, said that Windows 9 "came and went", microsoft windows 10 pro, and that Windows 10 would not be "an incremental step from Windows ," but "a material step. We're trying to create one platform, one eco-system that unites as many of the devices from the small embedded Internet of Things, through tablets, through phones, through PCs and, microsoft windows 10 pro, ultimately, into the Xbox."

Further details surrounding Windows 10's consumer-oriented features were presented during another media event held on January 21,entitled "Windows The Next Chapter". The keynote featured the unveiling of Cortana integration within the operating system, microsoft windows 10 pro, new Xbox-oriented features, Windows 10 Mobile, an updated Office Mobile suite, Surface Hub‍&#;‌a large-screened Windows 10 device for enterprise collaboration based upon Perceptive Pixel technology,[46] along with HoloLens‑augmented reality eyewear and an associated platform for building apps that can render holograms through HoloLens.[47]

Additional developer-oriented details surrounding the "Universal Windows Platform" concept were microsoft windows 10 pro and discussed during Microsoft's Build developers' conference. Among them were the unveiling of "Islandwood", which provides a middlewaretoolchain for compiling Objective-C-based software (particularly iOS) to run as universal apps on Windows 10 and Windows 10 Microsoft windows 10 pro. A port of Candy Crush Saga made using the toolkit, which shared much of its code with the iOS version, was demonstrated, alongside the announcement that the King-developed game would be bundled with Windows 10 at launch.[48][49][50][51]

At the Ignite conference, Microsoft employee Jerry Nixon stated that Windows 10 would be the "last version of Windows", a statement that Microsoft confirmed was "reflective" of its view of the operating system being a "service" with new versions and updates to be released over time.[52][53][54] Inhowever, Microsoft announced that Windows 10 would be succeeded on compatible hardware by Windows 11–and that Windows 10 support will end on October 14, [55][56]

Release and marketing[edit]

On June 1,Microsoft announced that Windows 10 would be released on July [17] On July 20, Microsoft began "Upgrade Your World", an advertising campaign centering on Windows 10, with the premiere of television commercials in Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The commercials focused on the tagline "A more human way to do", emphasizing new features and technologies supported by Windows 10 that sought to provide a more "personal" experience to users.[57][58] The campaign culminated with launch events in thirteen cities on July 29,which celebrated "the unprecedented role our biggest fans played in the development of Windows 10".[59]


Main article: Features new to Windows 10

See also: List of features removed in Windows 10

Windows 10 makes its user experience and functionality more consistent between different microsoft windows 10 pro of device and addresses most of the shortcomings in the user interface that were introduced in Windows 8.[40][41][60]Windows microsoft windows 10 pro Mobile, the successor to Windows Phoneshared some user interface elements and apps with its PC counterpart.[61]

Windows 10 supports universal apps, an expansion of the Metro-style first introduced in Windows 8. Universal apps can be designed to run across multiple Microsoft product families with nearly identical code‍&#;‌including PCs, tablets, smartphones, embedded systems, Xbox One, Surface Hub and Mixed Reality. The Windows user interface was revised to handle transitions between a mouse-oriented interface and a touchscreen-optimized interface based on available input devices‍&#;‌particularly on 2-in-1 PCs, both interfaces include an updated Start menu which incorporates elements of Windows 7's traditional Start menu with the tiles of Windows 8. Windows 10 also introduced the Microsoft Edgeweb browser, a virtual desktop system, a window and desktop management feature called Task View, support for fingerprint and face recognition login, new security features for enterprise environments, and DirectX

The Windows Runtime app ecosystem was revised into the Universal Windows Platform (UWP).[32][62][63] These universal apps are made to run across multiple platforms and device classes, including smartphones, microsoft windows 10 pro, tablets, Xbox One consoles, and other devices compatible with Windows Windows apps share code across platforms, have responsive designs that adapt to the needs of the device and available inputs, can synchronize data between Windows 10 devices (including notifications, credentials, and allowing cross-platform multiplayer for games), and are distributed through the Microsoft Store (rebranded from Windows Store since September ).[64] Developers can allow "cross-buys", where purchased licenses for an app apply to all of the user's compatible devices, rather than only the one they purchased on (e.g., a user purchasing an app on PC is also entitled to use the smartphone version at no extra cost).[33][65][66]

The ARM version of Windows 10 allows running applications for x86 processors through bit software emulation.[67]

On Windows 10, Microsoft Store serves as a unified storefront for apps, video content, and eBooks.[68] Windows 10 also allows web apps and desktop software (using either Win32 or .NET Framework) to be packaged for distribution on Microsoft Store. Desktop software distributed through Windows Store is packaged using the App-V system to allow sandboxing.[69][70]

User interface and desktop[edit]

The "Task View" display is a new feature to Windows 10, allowing the use of multiple workspaces.

A new iteration of the Start menu is used on the Windows 10 desktop, microsoft windows 10 pro, with a list of places and other options on the left side, and tiles microsoft windows 10 pro applications on the right. The menu can be resized, and expanded into a full-screen display, which is the default option in Tablet mode.[40][60][71] A new virtual desktop system was added by a feature known as Task View, which displays all open windows and allows users to switch between them, microsoft windows 10 pro switch between multiple workspaces.[40][60] Universal apps, which previously could be used only in full screen mode, can now be used in self-contained windows similarly to other programs.[40][60] Program windows can now be snapped to quadrants of the screen by dragging them to the corner. When a window is snapped to one side of the screen, Task View appears and the user is prompted to choose a second window to fill the unused side of the screen (called "Snap Assist").[60] The Windows system icons were also changed.[71]

Charms have been removed; their functionality in universal apps is accessed from an App commands menu on their title bar.[40][60] In its place is Action EyeBeam 1.5 crack serial keygen, which displays notifications and settings toggles. It is accessed by clicking an icon in the notification area, or dragging from the right of the screen. Notifications can be synced between multiple devices.[61][71] The Settings app (formerly PC Settings) was refreshed and now includes more options that were previously exclusive to the desktop Control Panel.

Windows 10 is designed to adapt its user interface based on the type of device being used and available input methods. It offers two separate user interface modes: a user interface optimized for mouse and keyboard, and a "Tablet mode" designed for touchscreens. Users can toggle between these two modes at any time, and Windows can prompt or automatically switch when certain events occur, such as disabling Tablet mode on a tablet if a keyboard or mouse is plugged in, or when a 2-in-1 PC is switched to its laptop state. In Tablet mode, microsoft windows 10 pro, programs default to a maximized view, and the taskbar contains a back button and hides buttons for opened or pinned programs by default; Task View is used instead to switch between programs. The full screen Start menu is used in this mode, similarly to Windows 8, but scrolls vertically instead of horizontally.[41][74][75][76]

System security[edit]

Windows 10 incorporates multi-factor authentication technology based upon standards developed by the Microsoft windows 10 pro Alliance.[77] The operating Output Exhale VST 1.1 Crack + License Key (Torrent) Download includes improved support for biometric authentication through the Windows Hello platform. Devices with supported cameras (requiring infrared illumination, such microsoft windows 10 pro Intel RealSense) allow users to log in with iris or face recognition, similarly to Kinect. Devices with supported readers allow users to log in through fingerprint recognition. Support was also added for palm-vein scanning through a partnership with Fujitsu in February [78] Credentials are stored locally and protected using asymmetric encryption.[79]

Inresearchers demonstrated that Windows Hello could be bypassed on fully-updated Windows 10 with a color printout of a person's picture taken with an IR camera.[80] Inresearchers were again able to bypass the Windows Hello functionalities by using custom hardware disguised as a camera, which presented an IR photo of the owner's face.[81]

In addition to biometric authentication, Windows Hello supports authentication with a PIN. By default, Windows requires a PIN to consist of four digits, but can be configured to permit more complex PINs. However, a PIN is not a simpler password. While passwords are transmitted to domain controllers, PINs are not. They are tied to one device, and if compromised, only one device is affected. Backed by a Trusted Platform Module (TPM) chip, Windows uses PINs to create strong asymmetric key pairs. As such, the authentication token transmitted to the server is harder to crack. In addition, whereas weak passwords may be broken via rainbow tables, TPM causes the much-simpler Windows PINs to be resilient to brute-force attacks.[82]

When Windows 10 was microsoft windows 10 pro introduced, multi-factor authentication was provided by two components: Windows Hello and Passport (not to be confused with the Passport platform of ). Later, Passport was merged into Windows Hello.[83][79]

The enterprise edition of Windows 10 offers additional security features; administrators can set up policies for the automatic encryption of sensitive data, selectively block applications from accessing encrypted data, and enable Device Guard‍&#;‌a system which allows administrators to enforce a high-security environment by blocking the execution of software that is not digitally signed by a trusted vendor or Microsoft. Device Guard is designed to protect against zero-day exploits, and runs inside a hypervisor so that its operation remains separated from the operating system itself.[77][84]

Command line[edit]

The console windows based on Windows Console (for any console app, not just PowerShell and Windows Command Prompt) can now be resized without any restrictions, can be made to cover the full screen by pressing +, and can use standard keyboard shortcuts, such as those for cut, copy, and paste. Other features such as word wrap and transparency were also added. These functions can be disabled to revert to the legacy console if needed.[85]

The Anniversary Update added Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL), which allows the installation of a user space environment from a supported Linuxdistribution that runs natively on Windows. The subsystem translates Linux system calls to those of the Windows NT kernel (only claims full system call compatibility as of WSL 2, included in a later Windows update). The environment microsoft windows 10 pro execute the Bash shell and bit command-line programs (WSL 2 also supports bit Linux programs and graphics, assuming supporting software installed,[86] and GPUs support for other uses[87]). Windows applications cannot be executed from the Linux environment, and vice versa. Linux distributions for Windows Subsystem for Linux are obtained through Microsoft Store. The feature initially supported an Ubuntu-based environment; Microsoft announced in May that it would add Fedora and OpenSUSE environment options as well.[88][89][90][91][92][93][94]

Storage requirements[edit]

To reduce the storage footprint of the operating system, Windows 10 automatically compresses system files. The system can reduce the storage footprint of Windows by approximately &#;GB for bit systems and &#;GB for bit systems. The level Total Network Inventory 5.0.0 Crack With Full Torrent (Portable) 2021 compression used is dependent on a performance assessment performed during installations or by OEMs, which tests how much compression can be used without harming operating system performance. Furthermore, the Refresh and Reset functions use runtime system files instead, making a separate recovery partition redundant, allowing patches and updates to remain installed following the operation, and further reducing the amount of space required for Windows 10 microsoft windows 10 pro up to 12&#;GB. These functions replace the WIMBoot mode introduced on Windows Update, which allowed Microsoft windows 10 pro to configure low-capacity devices with flash-based storage to use Windows system files out of the compressed WIM image typically used microsoft windows 10 pro installation and recovery.[95][96][97] Windows 10 also includes a function in its Settings app that allows users to view a breakdown of how their device's storage capacity is being used by different types of files, and determine whether certain types of files are saved to internal storage or an SD card by default.[98]

Online services and functionality[edit]

Windows 10 introduces Microsoft Edge, a new default web browser. It initially featured a new standards-compliant rendering engine derived from Trident, and also includes annotation tools and integration with other Microsoft platforms present within Windows [99][][] Internet Explorer 11 is maintained on Windows 10 for compatibility purposes, but is deprecated in favor of Edge and will no longer microsoft windows 10 pro actively developed.[][] In Januarythe initial version of Edge was succeeded by a new iteration derived from the Chromium project and the Blink layout engine and the old Edge based on EdgeHTML is now called 'Microsoft Edge Legacy'.[] The legacy version of Edge is currently being replaced by the new Chromium-based Microsoft windows 10 pro via Windows Update, though this version can also be downloaded manually. Every Windows 10 version from 20H2, which was released on October 20,will come with the new version of the microsoft windows 10 pro preinstalled.[] The Windows 10 October update added a price comparison tool to the Edge browser.[]

Windows 10 incorporates a universal search box located alongside the Start and Task View buttons, microsoft windows 10 pro can be hidden or condensed into a single button.[][] Previous versions featured Microsoft's intelligent personal assistant Cortana, which was first introduced with Windows Phone inand supports both microsoft windows 10 pro and voice input. Many of its features are a direct carryover from Windows Phone, including integration with Bing, setting reminders, a Notebook feature for managing personal information, as well as searching for files, playing music, launching applications and setting reminders or sending emails.[][][71] Since the November update, Microsoft has begun to downplay Cortana as part of a repositioning of the product towards enterprise use, with the May update removing its Windows shell integration and consumer-oriented features.[][][][]

Microsoft Family Safety is replaced by Microsoft Family, a parental controls system that applies across Windows platforms and Microsoft online services. Users can create a designated family, and monitor and restrict the actions of users designated as children, such as access to websites, enforcing age ratings on Microsoft Store purchases, and other restrictions. The service can also send weekly e-mail reports to parents detailing a child's computer usage. Unlike previous versions of Windows, child accounts in a family must be associated with a Microsoft account‍&#;‌which allows these settings to apply across all Windows 10 devices that a particular child is using.[][]

Windows 10 also offers the Wi-Fi Sense feature originating from Windows Phone ; users can optionally have their device automatically connect to suggested open hotspots, and share their home network's password with contacts (either via Skype, People, or Facebook) so they may automatically connect to the network on a Windows 10 device without needing to manually enter its password. Credentials are stored in an encrypted form on Microsoft servers and microsoft windows 10 pro to the devices of the selected contacts. Passwords are not viewable by the microsoft windows 10 pro user, and the guest user is not allowed to access other computers or devices on the network. Wi-Fi Sense is not usable on X-encrypted networks. Adding "_optout" at the end of the SSID will also block the corresponding network from being used for this feature.[]

Universal calling and messaging apps for Windows 10 are built in as of the November update: Microsoft windows 10 pro, Skype Video, and Phone. These offer built-in alternatives to the Skype download and sync with Windows 10 Mobile.[][]

Multimedia and gaming[edit]

See also: List of Xbox Live Games on Windows 10

Windows 10 provides greater integration with the Xbox ecosystem. Xbox SmartGlass is succeeded by the Xbox Console Companion (formerly the Xbox app), which allows users to browse their game library (including both PC and Xbox console games), and Game DVR is also available using a keyboard shortcut, allowing users to save the last 30 seconds of gameplay as a video that can be shared to Xbox Live, OneDrive, or elsewhere.[][] Windows 10 also allows users to control and play games from an Xbox One console over a local network.[] The Xbox Live SDK allows application developers to incorporate Xbox Live functionality into their apps, and future wireless Xbox One accessories, such as controllers, are microsoft windows 10 pro on Windows with an adapter.[] Microsoft also intends to allow cross-purchases and save synchronization between Xbox One and Windows 10 versions of games; Microsoft Studios games such as ReCore and Quantum Break are intended as being exclusive to Windows 10 and Xbox One.[]

Candy Crush Saga and Microsoft Solitaire Collection are also automatically installed upon installation of Windows [][]

Windows 10 adds native game recording and screenshot capture ability using the newly introduced Game Bar. Users can also have the OS continuously record gameplay in the background, which then allows the user to save the last few moments of gameplay to the microsoft windows 10 pro device.[]

Windows 10 adds FLAC and HEVC codecs and support for the Matroska media container, microsoft windows 10 pro, allowing these formats to be opened in Windows Media Player and other applications.[][][]

DirectX 12[edit]

Windows 10 includes DirectX 12, microsoft windows 10 pro, alongside WDDM [][] Unveiled March at GDC, DirectX 12 aims to provide "console-level efficiency" with "closer to the metal" access to hardware resources, microsoft windows 10 pro, and reduced CPU and graphics driver overhead.[][] Most of the performance improvements are achieved through low-level programming, which allow developers to use resources more efficiently and reduce single-threaded CPU bottlenecking caused by abstraction through higher level APIs.[][] DirectX 12 will also feature support for vendor agnostic multi-GPU setups.[] WDDM introduces a new virtual memory management and allocation system to reduce workload on the kernel-mode driver.[][]


Main article: List of typefaces included with Microsoft Windows

Windows 10 adds three new default typefaces compared to Windows 8, but removes dozens of others. The removed typefaces are available in supplemental packs and may be added manually over a non-metered internet connection, microsoft windows 10 pro.

Editions and pricing[edit]

Main article: Windows 10 editions

Windows 10 is available in five main editions for personal computing devices; the Home and Pro microsoft windows 10 pro of which are sold at retail in most countries, and as pre-loaded software on new computers. Home is aimed at home users, while Pro is aimed at power users and small businesses. Each edition of Windows 10 includes all of the capabilities and features of the edition below it, and add additional features oriented towards their market segments; for example, Pro adds additional networking and security features such as BitLocker, Device Guard, Windows Update for Business, microsoft windows 10 pro, and the ability to join a domain. Enterprise and Education, the other editions, contain additional features aimed towards business environments, and are only available through volume licensing.[][]

As part of Microsoft's unification strategies, Windows products that are based on Windows 10's common platform but meant for specialized platforms are marketed as editions of the operating system, microsoft windows 10 pro, rather than as separate product lines. An updated version of Microsoft's Windows Phone operating system for smartphones, and also tablets, was branded as Windows 10 Mobile.[] Editions of Enterprise and Mobile will also be produced for embedded systems, along with Windows 10 IoT Core, which is designed specifically for use in small footprint, low-cost devices and Internet of Things (IoT) scenarios and is similar to Windows Embedded.[][]

On May 2,Microsoft unveiled Windows 10 S (referred to in leaks as Windows 10 Cloud), a feature-limited edition of Windows 10 which was designed primarily microsoft windows 10 pro devices in the education market (competing, microsoft windows 10 pro, in particular, with Chrome OS netbooks), such as the Surface Laptop that Microsoft also unveiled at this time. The OS restricts software installation to applications microsoft windows 10 pro from Microsoft Store; the device may be upgraded to Windows 10 Pro for a fee to enable unrestricted software installation, microsoft windows 10 pro. As microsoft windows 10 pro time-limited promotion, Microsoft stated that this upgrade would be free on the Surface Laptop until March 31, [] Windows 10 S also contains a faster initial setup and login process, and allows devices to be provisioned using a USB drive with the Windows Intune for Education platform.[][][][][] In MarchMicrosoft announced that Windows 10 S would be deprecated because of market confusion and would be replaced by "S Mode", an OEM option wherein Windows defaults to only allowing applications to be installed from Microsoft Store, but does not require payment in order to disable these restrictions.[][]

Preview releases[edit]

See also: Windows Insider

A public beta program for Windows&#;10 known as the Windows Insider Program began with the first publicly available preview release on October 1, Insider preview builds are aimed towards enthusiasts and enterprise users for the testing and evaluation of updates and new features.[] Users of the Windows Insider program receive occasional updates to newer preview builds of the operating system and will continue to be microsoft windows 10 pro to evaluate preview releases after general availability (GA) in July ‍&#;‌this is in contrast to previous Windows beta programs, where public preview builds were released less frequently and only during the months preceding GA.[40][42][][][] Windows Insider builds continued being released after the release to manufacturing (RTM) of Windows&#;[]

Public release[edit]

On July 29,Microsoft officially announced that Windows 10 would be released for retail purchase as a free upgrade from earlier versions of Windows. In comparison to previous Windows releases, which had a longer turnover between the release to manufacturing (RTM) and general release to allow for testing by vendors (and in some cases, the development of "upgrade kits" to prepare systems for installation of the new version), an HP executive explained that because it knew Microsoft targeted the operating system for microsoft windows 10 pro release, the company was able to optimize its then-current and upcoming products for Windows 10 in advance of its release, negating the need for such a milestone.[][better&#;source&#;needed]

The general availability build of Windows&#;10, numberedwas first released to Windows Insider channels for pre-launch testing on July 15,prior to its formal release.[] Although a Microsoft microsoft windows 10 pro said there would be no specific RTM build of Windows 10, was described as an RTM build by media outlets because it was released to all Windows Insider members at once (rather than to users on the "Fast ring" first), it no longer carried pre-release branding and microsoft windows 10 pro watermark text, and its build number had mathematical connections to the number&#;10 in reference to the operating system's naming.[][][][][][] The Enterprise edition was released to volume licensing on August 1, microsoft windows 10 pro, []

Windows 10 is distributed digitally through the "Media Creation Tool", which is functionally identical to the Windows 8 online installer, and can also be used to generate an ISO image or USB install media.[] In-place upgrades are supported from most editions of Windows 7 with Service Pack 1 and Windows&#; with Update 1, while users with Microsoft windows 10 pro must first upgrade to Windows&#; Changing between architectures (e.g., upgrading from bit edition to a bit editions) via in-place upgrades is not supported; a clean install is required.[][] In-place upgrades may be rolled back to the device's previous version of Windows, provided that 30&#;days have not passed since installation, and backup files were not removed using Disk Cleanup.

Windows 10 was available in &#;countries and languages upon its launch, and as part of efforts to "re-engage" with users in China, Microsoft also announced that it would partner with Qihoo and Tencent to help promote and distribute Windows&#;10 in China, and that Chinese PC maker Lenovo would provide assistance at its service centers and retail outlets for helping users upgrade to Windows&#;[][][] At retail, Windows 10 is priced similarly to editions of Windowswith U.S. prices set at $ and $ for Windows 10&#;Home and Pro respectively. A Windows 10 Pro Pack license allows upgrades from Windows 10 Home to Windows 10 Pro.[][] Retail copies only ship on USB flash drive media; however, system builder copies still ship as DVD-ROM media.[] New devices shipping Buildbox 3.0 Crack With Activation Code For Windows Archives Windows&#;10 were also released during the operating system's launch window.[]

Windows RT devices cannot be upgraded to Windows&#;[][]

Free upgrade offer[edit]

Main article: Windows 10 editions §&#;Free upgrade

During its first year of availability,[] upgrade licenses for Windows&#;10 could be obtained at no charge for devices with a genuine license for an eligible edition of Windows&#;7 or&#;[][][]

This offer did not apply to Enterprise editions, as customers under an active Software Assurance (SA)&#;contract with upgrade rights are entitled to obtain Windows 10 Enterprise under their existing terms. All users running non-genuine copies of Windows, and those without an existing Windows&#;7 or&#;8 license, were ineligible for this promotion; although upgrades from a non-genuine version were possible, they result in a non-genuine copy of&#;[][][][][]

On the general availability build of Windows&#;10 (version ), to activate and generate the "digital entitlement" for Windows&#;10, the operating system must have first been installed as an in-place upgrade. During the free upgrade, a file is created in the background and the system's motherboard details are registered with a Microsoft Product Activation server. Once installed, the operating system can be reinstalled on that particular system via normal means without a product key, and the system's license will automatically be detected via online activation - in essence, the Microsoft Product Activation Server will remember the system's motherboard and give it the green light for product re-activation.[][][] Because of installation issues with Upgrade Only installs, the November Update (version ) included additional activation mechanisms. This build treated Windows&#;7 and Windows&#;8/ product keys as Windows&#;10 product keys, meaning they could be entered during installation to activate the free license, without the need to microsoft windows 10 pro first to "activate" the hardware with Microsoft's activation servers.[] For major Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs), Windows 8/ and Windows 10 OEM product keys are embedded in the firmware of the motherboard and if the correct edition of Windows 10 is present on the microsoft windows 10 pro media, they are automatically inputted during installation. Since the release of the Fall Creators Update (version ), Microsoft decided to release microsoft windows 10 pro installation media, microsoft windows 10 pro, to alleviate installation and product activation issues users experienced because of accidentally installing the wrong edition of Windows

The Windows Insider Preview version of Windows&#;10 automatically microsoft windows 10 pro itself to the generally released version as part of the version progression and continues to be updated to new beta builds, as it had throughout the testing process. Microsoft explicitly stated that Windows Insider was microsoft windows 10 pro a valid upgrade path for those running a version of Windows that is ineligible for the upgrade offer; although, if it was not installed with a license carried over from an in-place upgrade to 10 Insider Preview from Windows&#;7 or&#;8, the Insider Preview does remain activated as long as the user does not exit the Windows Insider program.[]

The offer was promoted and delivered via the "Get Windows&#;10" application (also known as GWX), which was automatically installed via Windows Update ahead of Windows 10's release, and activated on systems deemed eligible for the upgrade offer. Via a notification area icon, users could access an application that advertised Windows&#;10 and the free upgrade offer, check microsoft windows 10 pro compatibility, and "reserve" an automatic download of the operating system upon its release.[][] On July 28, a pre-download microsoft windows 10 pro began in which Windows&#;10 installation files were downloaded to some computers that had reserved it. Microsoft said that those who reserved Windows&#;10 would be able to install it through GWX in a phased rollout process. The operating system could alternatively be downloaded at any time using a separate "Media Creation Tool" setup program, that allows for the creation of DVD or USB installation media.[][][][]

In MayMicrosoft announced that the free upgrade offer would be extended to users of microsoft windows 10 pro technologies; however, Microsoft did not implement any means of certifying eligibility for this offer, which some outlets thereby promoted as being a loophole to fraudulently microsoft windows 10 pro a free Windows 10 upgrade. Microsoft said that the loophole is not intended to be used in this manner.[][][] In NovemberMicrosoft announced that this program would end on December 31, []

However, another loophole was found that allowed Windows 7 and users upgrade to Windows 10 using existing licenses, even though the free upgrade offers officially ended in No word from Microsoft was given whether it will be closed[] and some outlets have continued to promote it as a free method of upgrading from the now-unsupported Windows 7.[]


During upgrades, Windows&#;10 licenses are not tied directly to a product key. Instead, the license status of the system's current installation of Windows is migrated, and a "Digital license" ( known as "Digital entitlement" in version or earlier) is generated during the activation process, microsoft windows 10 pro, which is bound to the hardware information collected during the process. If Windows&#;10 is reinstalled cleanly and there have not been any significant hardware AntiVirus Expert Pro 5.9.1 crack serial keygen since installation (such as a motherboard change), the online activation process will automatically recognize the system's digital entitlement if no product key is entered during installations. However, unique product keys are still distributed within retail copies of Microsoft windows 10 pro As with previous non-volume-licensed variants of Windows, significant microsoft windows 10 pro changes will invalidate the digital entitlement, and require Windows to be re-activated.[][]

Updates and support[edit]

Main article: Windows 10 version history

Unlike previous versions of Windows, Windows Update does not allow the selective installation of updates, and all updates (including patches, feature updates, and driver software) are downloaded and installed automatically. Users can only choose whether their system will reboot automatically to install updates when the system is inactive, or be notified to schedule a reboot.[][] If a wireless network is designated as "Metered"—a function which automatically reduces the operating system's background network activity to conserve limits on Internet usage—most updates microsoft windows 10 pro not downloaded until the device is connected to a non-metered network. Version allows wired (Ethernet) networks to be designated as metered, but Windows may still download certain updates while connected to a metered network.[][]

In versionby installing the August security update and later versions, driver microsoft windows 10 pro non-security updates pushed via Windows Update that are considered optional are no longer automatically downloaded and installed in their devices, microsoft windows 10 pro. Users can access them on Settings > Update & Security > Windows Update > View optional update.[]

Updates can cause compatibility or other problems; a Microsoft troubleshooter program allows bad updates to be uninstalled.[][]

Under the Windows end-user license agreement, users consent to the automatic installation of all updates, features and drivers provided by the service, and implicitly consent "without any additional notice" to the possibility of features being modified or removed.[][][] The agreement also states, specifically for users of Windows&#;10 in Canada, that they may pause updates by disconnecting their device from the Internet.[]

Windows Update can also use a peer to peer system for distributing updates; by default, users' bandwidth is used to microsoft windows 10 pro previously downloaded updates to other users, in combination with Microsoft servers. Users can instead choose to only use peer-to-peer updates within their local area network.[]

Support lifecycle[edit]

Mainstream supportVaries by version[][]
Extended supportOctober&#;14,&#;&#;()[][]
Home, Pro, Pro for Workstations, S, Education, Pro Education, Enterprise, IoT Enterprise, IoT Core, Team, Enterprise LTSB, and IoT Enterprise LTSB.[]
Windows 10 Mobile, Mobile Enterprise, and IoT MobileUnsupported microsoft windows 10 pro of January 14, []
Windows 10 Enterprise and IoT Enterprise LTSBMainstream support ended on October 12, []
Extended support until October 13, []
Windows 10 Microsoft windows 10 pro, IoT Enterprise, and IoT Core LTSCMainstream support until January 9, []
Extended support until January 9, []
Windows 10 Enterprise LTSCMainstream support until January 12, []
Windows 10 IoT Enterprise and IoT Core LTSCMainstream support until January 12, []
Extended support until January 13, []

The original release of Windows 10 receives mainstream support for five years after its original release, followed by five years of extended support, but this is subject to conditions. Microsoft's support lifecycle policy for the operating system notes that "Updates are cumulative, with each update built upon all of the updates that preceded it", that "a device needs to install the latest update to remain supported", and that a device's ability to receive future updates will depend on hardware compatibility, driver availability, and whether the device is within the Microsoft windows 10 pro "support period"‍&#;‌a new aspect not accounted for in lifecycle policies for previous versions.[][][][] This policy was first invoked in to block Intel Clover Trail devices from receiving the Creators Update, as Microsoft asserts that future updates "require additional hardware support to provide the best possible experience", and that Intel no longer provided support or drivers for the platform. Microsoft stated that these devices would no longer receive feature updates, but would still receive security updates through January [] Microsoft will continue to support at least one standard Windows 10 semi-annual channel release until October 14, [15][16]

The following table collects current status of the aforementioned updating and support of different branches of Windows

Update branchMicrosoft internal channels
(more detail here)
Alpha software
Windows Insider Preview Branch
Beta software
Semi-Annual Channel
(formerly CB)
"End user"
Long-term Servicing channel
(formerly LTSB)
"Mission critical"
EditionHome &#;
Pro &#;
Education &#;
Enterprise Enterprise LTSC
Critical updates
Security patches and stability updates
Continuous Continuous as made available
(choice of Beta, Dev, or Release Preview channel)
Automatic User can defer updates indefinitely
Feature upgrades
Non-critical functionality and feature updates
Automatic or defer[]Only through LTSC in-place upgrades
Feature upgrades cadence Continuous Continuous as released Continuous, deferrable for 12 months at a time; once a deferral period is past, no further deferrals possible until latest updates are installed LTSC releases are stable 'snapshots' of SAC
Upgrade support Continuous updating, features come and go microsoft windows 10 pro with new builds Continuous updating or in-place upgrade to supported LTSC builds In-place upgrade support for the three most recent LTSC builds
Update support Only the latest build is supported 10 years (or until future builds require hardware support the old device doesn't have or ~4 months after a missed cumulative update made into SAC.)[]10 years (or ~6 months from deferring build upgrade or until future builds IObit iFun Screen Recorder Pro With Crack hardware support the old device doesn't have.) 5 years (for 21H2 and newer, non IoT) or 5 years mainstream + 5 years extended (for and older, all IoT versions)
Update methods Windows UpdateWindows Update
Windows Update for Business
Windows Server Update Services

Feature updates[edit]

Windows 10 is often described by Microsoft as being a "service", as it receives regular "feature updates" that contain new features and other updates and fixes.[][][][] In AprilMicrosoft stated that these updates would be released twice a year every March and September in the future.[] Mainstream builds of Windows 10, until and includingwere labeled "YYMM", with "YY" representing the two-digit year and "MM" representing the month of release. For example, version was released in September (the ninth month) of This was changed with the 20H2 release where "MM" represents the half of the year in which the update was released, for Dr Hardware 2006 7.0.0d crack serial keygen H1 for the first half and H2 for the second half.[]

The pace at which feature updates are received by devices is dependent on which release channel is used. The default branch for all users of Windows&#;10 Home and Pro is "Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted)" (formerly "Current Branch", or "CB"),[] which receives stable builds after they are publicly released by Microsoft. Each build of Windows 10 is supported for 18 months after its original release.[] In enterprise environments, Microsoft officially intends that this branch is used for "targeted" deployments of newly-released stable versions so that they can be evaluated and tested on a limited number of devices before a wider deployment. Once a stable build is certified by Microsoft and its partners as being suitable for broad deployment, the build is then released on the "Semi-Annual Channel" (formerly "Current Branch for Business", or "CBB"), which is supported by the Pro and Enterprise editions of Windows [][][] Semi-Annual Channel receives stable builds on a four-month delay from their release on the Targeted channel,[] Administrators can also NetLimiter Pro Crack With Serial Key Latest Version Download 2021 the "Windows Update for Business" system, as well as existing tools such as WSUS and System Center Configuration Manager, to organize structured deployments of feature updates across Pycharm 2019.3 keygen Archives networks.[][]

The Windows Insider branches receive unstable builds as they are released; it is divided into two channels, "Dev" (which receives new builds immediately after their release), and "Beta" (whose releases are slightly delayed from their "Dev" release).[]

Enterprise licensees may use the Windows 10 Enterprise LTSC (formerly LTSB) edition, where "LTSC" stands for "long-term servicing channel", which only receive quality of life updates (i.e. security patches), and has a full, microsoft windows 10 pro, 5 or year support lifecycle for each build.[][][] This edition is designed for "special-purpose devices" Jogos de Clássico de Graça para Baixar perform a fixed function (such as automated teller machines and medical equipment). For this reason, it excludes Cortana, Microsoft Store, and all bundled Universal Windows Platform apps (including but not limited to Microsoft Edge, hence these builds ship only with Internet Explorer as browser).[][][][][][] Microsoft director Stella Chernyak explained that "we have businesses [that] may have mission-critical environments where we respect the fact they want to test and stabilize the environment for a long time."[] Four LTSC builds have been released, correlating with the,and 21H2 versions of Windows 10, respectively.[][][]

In JulyMicrosoft announced changes in the terminology for Windows branches as part of its effort to unify the update cadence with that of Office ProPlus and Windows Server [][] The branch system now defines two paces of upgrade deployment in enterprise environments, "targeted" initial deployment of a new version on selected systems immediately after its stable release for final testing, and "broad" deployment afterwards. Hence, "Current Branch" is now known as "Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted)", and "Current Branch for Business" for broad deployment is now referred to as "Semi-Annual Channel".[][]

In FebruaryMicrosoft announced changes again in delivering updates in beginning of release of version a single SAC will be released and SAC-T will be retired, and users are no longer able to switch to different channels. Instead, these updates can be deferred from 30 to 90 days, or depending how the device was configured to deferred the updates.[] In Aprilit was announced that, in addition, microsoft windows 10 pro, feature updates will no longer be automatically pushed to users.[] However after the release of versionthe update only pushed for those running a feature update version that microsoft windows 10 pro nearing end of service or it can be paused for up to 35 days.[][]

Feature updates prior to version are distributed solely as an in-place upgrade installation, requiring the download of a complete operating system package (approximately &#;GB in size for bit systems). Unlike previous builds, version is designed primarily as an update rollup version offocusing primarily on minor feature additions and enhancements. For upgrades to froma new delivery method is used where its changes were delivered as part of the monthly cumulative update, but are left in a dormant state until microsoft windows 10 pro update "enablement" patch is installed. The full upgrade process is still used for those using builds prior to [][]

Features in development[edit]

In MayMicrosoft unveiled Fluent Design System (previously codenamed "Project Neon"), a revamp of Microsoft Design Language 2 that will include guidelines for the designs and interactions used within software designed for all Windows 10 devices and platforms. The new design language will include the more prominent use of motion, depth, and translucency effects. Microsoft stated that the implementation of this design language would be performed over time, microsoft windows 10 pro, and it had already started to implement elements of it in Creators Update and Fall Creators Update.[]

On December 7,Microsoft announced that, as part of a partnership with Qualcomm, it planned to introduce support for running Win32 software on ARM architecture with a bit x86 processor emulator, in Terry Myerson stated that this move would enable the production of Qualcomm Snapdragon-based Windows devices with cellular connectivity and improved power efficiency over Intel-compatible devices, microsoft windows 10 pro, and still capable of running the majority of existing Windows software (unlike the previous Windows RT, which was restricted to Windows Store apps), microsoft windows 10 pro. Microsoft is initially targeting this project towards laptops.[67] Microsoft launched the branding Always Connected PCs in December to market Windows 10 devices with cellular connectivity, which included two ARM-based 2-in-1 laptops from Asus and HP featuring the Snapdragon system-on-chip, microsoft windows 10 pro, and the announcement of a partnership between AMD and Qualcomm to integrate microsoft windows 10 pro Snapdragon X16 gigabit LTE modem with AMD's Ryzen Mobile platform.[][]

In AugustMicrosoft began testing changes to its handling of the user interface on convertible devices—downplaying the existing "Tablet Mode" option in favor of presenting the normal desktop with optimizations for touch when a keyboard is not present, such as increasing the space between taskbar buttons and displaying the virtual keyboard when text fields are selected.[]

In Aprilthe ability to run Linux applications using a graphical user interface, microsoft windows 10 pro, such as Audacity, directly in Windows, was introduced as a preview.[] This feature would later be included Norton Utilities Crack + Activation Code [2021] part of the updated Windows Subsystem for Linux 2 for Windows 11 only.

System requirements[edit]

The basic hardware requirements to install Windows 10 were initially the same as those for Windows and Windows 8, and only slightly higher than for Windows 7 and Windows Vista. As of the May update, the minimum disk space requirement has been increased to 32&#;GB. In addition, on new installations, Windows permanently reserves up to 7&#;GB of disk space in order to ensure proper installation of future feature updates.[][]

The bit variants require a CPU that supports certain instructions.[] Devices with low storage capacity must provide a USB flash drive or SD card with sufficient storage for temporary files during upgrades.[]

Some pre-built devices may be described as "certified" by Microsoft. Certified tablets must include, and keys; and keys are no longer required.[]

As with Windows 8, microsoft windows 10 pro, all certified devices must ship with UEFI Secure Boot enabled by default. Unlike Windows 8, OEMs are no longer required to make Secure Boot settings user-configurable, meaning that devices may optionally be locked to microsoft windows 10 pro only Microsoft-signed operating systems.[] A supported infrared-illuminated camera is required microsoft windows 10 pro Windows Hello face authentication, and a supported fingerprint reader is required for Windows Hello fingerprint authentication.[] Device Guard requires a UEFI system with no third-party certificates loaded, and CPU virtualization extensions (including SLAT and IOMMU) enabled in firmware.

Beginning with Intel Kaby Lake and AMD Bristol Ridge, Windows 10 is the only version of Windows that Microsoft will officially support on newer CPU microarchitectures.[][] Terry Myerson stated that Microsoft did not want to make further investments in optimizing older versions of Windows and associated software for newer generations of processors.[][] These policies were criticized by the media, who especially noted that Microsoft was refusing to support newer hardware (particularly Intel's Skylake CPUs, which was also originally targeted by the new policy with a premature end of support that was ultimately retracted)[][] on Windowsa version of Windows that was still in mainstream support until January [][] In addition, an enthusiast-created modification was released that microsoft windows 10 pro the check and allowed Windows and earlier to continue to work on the platform.[]

Windows 10 version and later do not support Intel Clover Trail system-on-chips, per Microsoft's Tag: mixcraft 8 pro download policy of only providing updates for devices during their OEM support period.[][]

Starting with Windows 10 versionMicrosoft will require new OEM devices to use bit processors, and will therefore cease the distribution of x86 (bit) variants of Windows 10 via OEM channels. The bit variants of Windows 10 will remain available via non-OEM channels, and Microsoft will continue to "[provide] feature and security updates on these devices".[] This would later be followed by Microsoft windows 10 pro 11 dropping bit hardware support altogether, and thus making Windows 10 the final version of Windows to have a bit version.[]


Main article: Criticism of Windows 10

Critics characterized the initial release of Windows 10 as being rushed, citing the incomplete state of some of the operating system's bundled software, such as the Edge web browser, microsoft windows 10 pro, as well as the stability of the operating system itself on launch.[][][] However, TechRadar felt that it could be "the new Windows 7", citing the operating system's microsoft windows 10 pro familiar user interface, improvements to bundled apps, performance improvements, a "rock solid" search system, and the Settings app being DraftSight Activation Key Archives full-featured than its equivalents on&#;8 and&#; The Edge browser was praised for its performance, although it was not in a feature-complete state at launch. While considering them a "great idea microsoft windows 10 pro principle", concerns were shown for Microsoft's focus on the universal app ecosystem: microsoft windows 10 pro by no means certain that developers are going to flock to Windows&#;10 from iOS and Android simply because they can convert their apps easily, microsoft windows 10 pro. It may well become a no-brainer for them, but at the moment a conscious decision is still required.[]

Engadget was similarly positive, noting that the upgrade process was painless and that Microsoft windows 10 pro user interface had balanced aspects of Windows&#;8 with those of previous versions with a more mature aesthetic. Cortana's always-on voice detection was considered to be its "true strength", also citing its query capabilities and personalization features, but noting that it was not as pre-emptive as Google Now. Windows&#;10's stock applications were praised for being improved over their Windows 8 counterparts, and for supporting windowed modes. The Xbox app was also praised for its Xbox One streaming functionality, although recommending its use over a wired network because of inconsistent quality over Wi-Fi. In conclusion, it was argued that "Windows&#;10 delivers the most refined desktop experience ever from Microsoft, and yet it's so much more than that. It's also a decent tablet OS, and it's ready for a world filled with hybrid devices. And, barring another baffling screwup, it looks like a significant step forward for mobile. Heck, it makes the Xbox One a more useful machine."[]

Ars Technica panned the new Tablet mode interface for removing the charms and app switching, making the Start button harder to use by requiring users to reach for the button on the bottom-left rather than at the center of the screen when swiping with a thumb, and for making application switching less instantaneous through the use of Task View. Microsoft Edge was praised for being "tremendously promising", and "a much better browser than Internet Explorer ever was", microsoft windows 10 pro, but criticized it for its lack of functionality on-launch. In conclusion, contrasting Windows&#;8 as being a "reliable" platform albeit consisting of microsoft windows 10 pro concepts, Windows&#;10 was considered "the best Windows yet", and was praised for having a better overall concept in its ability to be "comfortable and effective" across a wide array of form microsoft windows 10 pro, but that it was buggier than previous versions of Windows were on-launch.[]ExtremeTech felt that Windows&#;10 restricted the choices of users, citing its more opaque setting menus, forcing users to give up bandwidth for the peer-to-peer distribution of updates, and for taking away user control of specific functions, microsoft windows 10 pro, such as updates, explaining that "it feels, once again, as if Microsoft has taken the seed of a good idea, like providing users with security updates automatically, and shoved the throttle to maximum."[] Windows 10 has also received criticism because of deleting files without user permission after auto updates.[]

Critics have noted that Windows&#;10 heavily emphasizes freemium services, and contains various advertising facilities. Some outlets have considered these to be a hidden "cost" of the free upgrade offer.[][][] Examples of these have included microtransactions in bundled games such as Microsoft Solitaire Collection,[][][][] default settings that display promotions of "suggested" apps in the Start menu, "tips" on the lock screen that may contain advertising,[][] ads displayed in File Microsoft windows 10 pro for Office subscriptions on Creators' Update,[] and various advertising Edius pro7 trial crack serial keygen displayed by default which promote Microsoft Edge when it is not set as the default web browser (including, in a September build, nag pop-ups displayed to interrupt the installation process of competitors).[][]

Market share and sales[edit]

See also: Usage share of operating systems §&#;Crossover to smartphones having majority share

Windows PC market share (of Windows) statistics
Windows 10


Windows 7




Windows 8


Windows XP


Windows Vista




"Desktop Windows Version Market Share Worldwide" according to StatCounter for October [] Note, StatCounter tracks Windows vs. macOS, Linux etc. separately, and this statistic is only thereof Windows share.

Up to AugustWindows 10 usage was increasing, with it then plateauing,[] while eventually init became more popular than Windows 7[][] (though Windows 7 was still more used in some countries in Asia and Africa in ). As of March [update], the operating system is running on over a billion devices, reaching the goal set by Microsoft two years after the initial deadline.[21]

Twenty-four hours after it was released, Microsoft announced that over 14&#;million devices were running Windows&#;[] On August 26, Microsoft said over 75&#;million devices were running Windows&#;10, in &#;countries, and on over 90, unique PC Red Giant Trapcode Suite 16.0 Crack With Working Keys Download (2021) tablet models.[] According to Terry Myerson, there were over &#;million devices running Windows&#;10 as of October 6, [] On January 4,Microsoft reported that Windows&#;10 had been activated on over &#;million devices since the operating system's launch in July [][]

According to StatCounter, Windows 10 overtook Windows in December [][]Iceland was the first country where Windows 10 was ranked first (not only on the desktop, but across all platforms),[] with several larger European countries following. For one week in late NovemberWindows 10 overtook first rank microsoft windows 10 pro Windows 7 in the United States, before losing it again.[] By FebruaryWindows 10 was losing market share to Windows 7.[]

In mid-JanuaryWindows 10 had a slightly higher global market share than Windows 7,[] with it noticeably more popular on weekends,[] while popularity varies widely by region, e.g. Windows 10 was then still behind in Africa[] and far ahead in some other regions e.g. Oceania.[]

Update system changes[edit]

Windows 10 Home is permanently set to download all updates automatically, including cumulative updates, security patches, and drivers, and users cannot individually select updates to install or not.[] Microsoft offers a diagnostic tool that can be used to hide updates and prevent them from being reinstalled, but only after they had been already installed, then uninstalled without rebooting the system.[][] Tom Warren of The Verge felt that, given web browsers such as Google Chrome had already adopted such an automatic update system, such a requirement would help to keep all Windows&#;10 devices secure, and felt that microsoft windows 10 pro you're used to family members calling you for technical support because they've failed to upgrade to the latest Microsoft windows 10 pro service pack or some malware disabled Windows Update then those days will hopefully be over."[]

Concerns were raised that because of these changes, users would be unable to skip the automatic installation of updates that are faulty or microsoft windows 10 pro issues with certain system configurations—although build upgrades will also be subject to public beta testing via Windows Insider program.[][] There were also concerns that the forced installation of driver updates through Windows Update, where they were previously designated as "optional", could cause conflicts with drivers that were installed independently of Windows Update. An example of such a situation occurred prior to the general release of the operating system, when an Nvidiagraphics card driver that was automatically pushed to Windows&#;10 users via Windows Update caused issues that prevented microsoft windows 10 pro use of certain functions, or prevented their system from booting at all.[]

Criticism was also directed towards Microsoft's decision to no longer provide specific details on the contents of cumulative updates for Windows [] On February 9,Microsoft retracted this decision and began to provide Windows 10 Keys Finder & Generator notes for cumulative updates on the Windows website.[]

Some users reported that during the installation of the November upgrade, some applications (particularly utility programs such as CPU-Z and Speccy) were automatically uninstalled during the upgrade process, and some default programs were reset to Microsoft-specified defaults (such as Photos app, and Microsoft Edge for PDF viewing), microsoft windows 10 pro, VRay for SketchUp 2019 Crack Full Version Download without warning.[][]

Further issues were discovered upon the launch of the Anniversary Update ("Redstone"), including a bug that caused some devices to freeze (but addressed by cumulative update KB, released on August 31, microsoft windows 10 pro, ),[][] and that fundamental changes to how Windows handles webcams had caused many to stop working.[]

In Junea Redstone 3 Insider build (RS_EDGE_CASE in PC and rs_IoT on Mobile) was accidentally released to both Insider and non-Insider users on all Windows 10 devices, but the update was retracted, with Microsoft apologizing and releasing a note on their Windows Insider Program blog describing how to prevent the build from being installed on their device.[] According to Dona Sarkar, this was due to "an inadvertent deployment to the engineering system that controls which builds/which rings to push out to insiders."[]

A Gartner analyst felt that Windows 10 Pro was becoming increasingly inappropriate for use in enterprise environments because of support policy changes by Microsoft, including consumer-oriented upgrade lifecycle length, and only offering extended microsoft windows 10 pro for individual builds to Enterprise and Education editions of Windows []

Critics have acknowledged that Microsoft's update and testing practices had been affecting the overall quality of Windows In particular, it was pointed out that Microsoft's internal testing departments had been prominently affected by a major round of layoffs undertaken by the company in Microsoft relies primarily on user testing and bug reports via the Windows Insider program (which may not always be of sufficient quality to identify a bug), as well as correspondence with OEMs and other stakeholders. In the wake of the known folder redirection data loss bug in the versionit was pointed out that bug reports describing microsoft windows 10 pro issue had been microsoft windows 10 pro on the Feedback Hub app for several months prior to the public release. Following the incident, Microsoft updated Feedback Hub so that users may specify the severity of a particular bug report. When announcing the resumption of 's rollout, Microsoft stated that it planned to be more transparent in its handling of update quality in the future, through a series of blog posts that will detail its testing process and the planned development of a "dashboard" that will indicate the rollout progress of microsoft windows 10 pro updates.[][][][][]

Distribution practices[edit]

Microsoft was criticized for the tactics that it used to promote its free upgrade campaign for Windows 10, including adware-like behaviors,[] using deceptive user interfaces to coax users into installing the operating system,[]

Источник: [storycall.us]


Feature The Windows you know, only better
Windows 10 feels familiar so you can get more done from the microsoft windows 10 pro. The Start menu is back with space to pin your favorite apps. And simple navigation means you don't need to spend much time learning anything new.

Always up-to-date
You won't have to wonder if you have the latest features or security updates. Windows automatically delivers updates, when they're ready, directly to your device.

Cortana's got your back
Cortana is your truly personal digital assistant who works across all your devices to help get things done.

Rule the web
Microsoft Edge is an all-new browser built to deliver a better web experience. You can write directly on webpages from your PC, read articles distraction free, and save your favorites to read offline later.

Take your gaming further
With Xbox on Windows, play and connect with your games and friends. Everywhere.

Universal Apps, including Office
The Store in Windows 10 is a one-stop shop for hundreds of thousands of apps including games, music, videos, as well as a new version of Office.
Источник: [storycall.us]

How to Get Windows 10 for Free (or Under $30)

You can spend thousands on components for building a PC, but it won’t boot without an operating system (OS). Linux is a viable option, but most prefer Windows because it runs all their favorite software, including the latest games. Windows 11 isn't here yet, but fortunately, you can get Windows 10 for free or cheap -- if you know where to look.

Getting hold of the Windows installer is as easy as visiting storycall.us Whether you've paid for Windows 10 already or not, anyone is allowed to download a Windows 10 ISO file and burn it to a DVD or create installation media on a USB drive for free. Once that's done, you can boot from your installation media and load Windows 10 onto your PC. During installation, Microsoft microsoft windows 10 pro for an activation key. You can skip it, but eventually, Windows will start alerting you that your install isn't activated.

There are many ways to get a Windows 10 activation / product key, and they range in price from completely free to $, depending on which flavor of Windows 10 you want. Of course, you can buy a key from Microsoft online, but there are other websites selling Windows 10 keys for less. There’s also the option of downloading Windows 10 without a key and never activating the OS. But what, if anything, are you missing out on if you don’t activate Windows 10? And does your carefully crafted PC build face any risks?

Below we outline the top ways you can get Windows 10 -- from free, to cheap, to most expensive -- and the downsides of each option.

Upgrade From Windows 7 or 8Don't Activate WindowsStudent DiscountBuy a Cheap Key From a Third PartyBuy a Key From Microsoft
PriceFreeFreeFree (Windows 10 Education)About $30 (£11, $40 AU)Home: $ (£ / AU$); Pro: $ (£ / AU$); Workstation: $ (£ / AU$)
ProsAccess to all personalization options; Microsoft support access; FreeFreeAccess to all personalization options; Microsoft support access; Equivalent to Windows 10 Enterprise; FreeAccess to all personalization options; Microsoft support accessAccess to all personalization options; Microsoft support access; Refunds
ConsThere’s a small chance Microsoft will reject activation, and microsoft windows 10 pro have to contact supportDesktop watermark; Personalization options restricted; Can't use Microsoft supportYou have to be enrolled in an eligible schoolThere's a chance your key won't work, microsoft windows 10 pro, and you'll have to contact support to get it fixed; Some third parties have bad customer service; Some third parties don't offer refundsExpensive

Upgrade From Windows 7 or 8 to Windows Free

Nothing’s cheaper than free. If you’re looking for Windows 10 Home, microsoft windows 10 pro, or even Windows 10 Pro, it’s possible to get Windows 10 for free onto your PC if you have Windows 7, which has reached EoL, or later. (Yes, this still works, microsoft windows 10 pro, as a Microsoft rep has confirmed.) 

If you already have a Windows 7, 8 or a software/product key, you can upgrade to Windows 10 for free. You activate it by using microsoft windows 10 pro key from one of those older OSes. But note that you can only use a key on a single PC at a time, so if you use that key for a new PC build, any other PC running that key is out of luck.

To do this with a Windows compatible PC (after backing up your important data, of course) download Windows When asked, microsoft windows 10 pro, select "Upgrade this PC now." 

Note that if you've recently changed your PC's hardware, such as the motherboard, Windows may not find the license for you device. That means you'll have to reactive the OS. Here are Microsoft's instructions for reactivating Windows 10 after changing PC hardware. 

When using an older Windows key to activate Windows 10, you may run into complications if Microsoft isn't sure whether you're eligible Clave de licencia de fifa 20 keygen,serial,crack,generator update or not. In that case, you’ll have to call a number and go through the process of entering your key and getting a code. However, that seems to be happening less in recent months and years.

Don't Activate Windows: Free

If you don't have a valid key, you can still use Windows 10 for free on your PC even if you don’t activate the OS. I have colleagues who have used non-activated versions of Windows for years microsoft windows 10 pro Microsoft ever shutting it down. In this way, you can have Windows 10 Home or Pro running on your PC IDM Crack 6.35 Build 9 Retail With Serial Key [Newest] flawlessly. Nearly

“If the user [installs Windows 10] before activating Microsoft windows 10 pro, they will see an ‘Activate Windows’ watermark on their desktop, as well an experience a limit on Windows 10 personalization options,” Microsoft told Tom’s Hardware in a statement.

Microsoft brands PCs running an unactivated version microsoft windows 10 pro Windows 10 with a watermark microsoft windows 10 pro the bottom-right corner of the screen. A Microsoft spokesperson told me that activating Windows 10 ensures you have a legitimate copy of Windows 10, and the watermark is an attempt to alert consumers that their version could be false. However, if you downloaded your ISO directly microsoft windows 10 pro Microsoft, microsoft windows 10 pro, there's no way your copy can be a fake.

If you don’t activate Windows 10, you won’t be able to change Personalization options in the Settings menu. That means you can't choose personal desktop wallpapers, microsoft windows 10 pro, slideshow backgrounds, Start, taskbar, Action Center or title bar colors, light or dark color schemes, font choices or lock screen options.

The lack of custom aesthetics can be a downer, especially if you like to liven things up by changing colors and images. However, we checked, and you can still change your wallpaper if you right-click an image from the web or a personal photo and Driver Talent Pro Crack + Activation Key 2021! it as your wallpaper. And if you have a wallpaper tied to your Microsoft account, it will appear if you sign into Windows with that account.

Unsurprisingly, Microsoft won't offer you any Windows 10 technical support if you don’t activate the OS. If you call or chat with their techs, they'll start off by asking you for your key, and you’ll have no response.

Use the Microsoft Student Discount: Free

Microsoft offers students attending certain universities and high schools the ability to get Windows 10 for free by allowing them to activate Windows 10 Education for free. Meanwhile, teachers can get Windows 10 Education for $ You can see if your school is eligible and download your free Windows 10 key here. The key is yours even after you graduate.

But is Windows 10 Education any different from Windows 10 Home? It’s actually better. Windows 10 Education is the same as Windows 10 Enterprise, which Microsoft calls the most robust version of Windows The OS has features targeting security, device control and management and deployment that Windows 10 Home lacks. Unlike Windows 10 Home, Windows 10 Education has client and host remote desktop and remote app i(nstead of client only), Hyper-V (Microsoft’s hypervisor) and extra apps, like AppLocker and BitLocker. Although, it’s likely you won’t ever use any of those bonus features.

If you’re not currently a student but happen to have a .edu email, we don’t recommend scamming the system. In addition to ethical concerns, if you get caught, Microsoft can make you pay up anyway. “False representations of eligibility voids this offer, and Microsoft reserves the right to collect the full price of product(s) ordered,” Microsoft’s policy states.

If your school is eligible for the discount, there isn’t really a downside to this method of procuring Windows 10 free. Not all colleges / microsoft windows 10 pro schools have it, microsoft windows 10 pro, and you may need to make a special user account to download it, microsoft windows 10 pro. But if you can score Windows 10 Education for free, we don’t see any reason not to.

Buy a Cheap Windows 10 Key From a Third-Party Seller: Around $30

If you can’t stand living with the microsoft windows 10 pro letter of an eternal watermark or want the comfort of knowing Microsoft won’t disown your PC’s OS should you call for help, microsoft windows 10 pro, you’ll have to buy a Windows 10 key. And while some turn to Microsoft for this purchase, there are third-party websites selling keys for much cheaper than Microsoft windows 10 pro example, at microsoft windows 10 pro time of writing, Kinguin sells Windows 10 Home for $30, Amazon charges $, and Newegg's pushing it for $ or $ for the Pro version for OEM. Even Walmart has it for $, as well as a Pro OEM version. According to Wccftech, you can also buy Windows 10 from KeysOff, which is currently selling Windows 10 Home for $ and Windows 10 Professional for $, although we've never used the site so can't attest to its quality, customer service or reliability. Be sure to check their refund policy before buying. 

Now, let's address microsoft windows 10 pro elephant in the room. While we can't vouch for all of them, websites selling lower-priced Windows keys are likely selling legitimate codes. One popular site, Kinguin, has 37 merchants worldwide selling Windows keys. Mark Jordan, Kinguin’s VP of communications, microsoft windows 10 pro, told Tom's Hardware in that Kinguin's merchants acquire the codes from wholesalers who have surplus copies of Windows they don't need.

"It's not a gray market. It would be like buying Adidas or Puma or Nike from a discounter, from TJ Maxx," Jordan said. "There are no legal issues with buying it from us. It's just another marketplace."

According to Microsoft windows 10 pro, Kinguin's merchants have sold “several hundred thousand” keys and are not one-time sellers posting listings for codes they don’t want. As part of its fraud protection, microsoft windows 10 pro, a Kinguin employee randomly buys a key “every now and then” to make sure they’re legitimate, he said. Jordan added that it’s rare for a customer to get a key that’s been resold, but if they did, customer support would help them get a new one for free.

“If there's ever a problem with a key being already activated or something like that, our customer support ------- GTA 5 ------- SERIAL 100% crack serial keygen helps you get a new key… And that merchant would be in deep trouble, so they are very careful with it,” Jordan said. 

However, we've encountered reports of customer dissatisfaction, including from users who wanted a specific type of key (like non-OEM only), ended up with something different (like an OEM version) and could only get a refund, rather than the type of key they microsoft windows 10 pro tried to buy.  We've also heard reports of slow customer service. Kinguin hasn't responded to requests for comment. 

You'll have to enter a key to activate Windows, but you won’t have a problem doing that if you bought your key from a place like Kinguin (or Amazon, microsoft windows 10 pro, Newegg, etc.), microsoft windows 10 pro. In fact, Microsoft still offers 24/7 technical support online and via phone even if you got your Windows 10 key from somewhere other than Microsoft.

If you do opt to get your key for less, make sure it’s from a legitimate site. A hint will be if that key is too cheap -- i.e, microsoft windows 10 pro. free or close to free. And, as with microsoft windows 10 pro else, if you haven't heard of a seller, check their ratings or go elsewhere.

No matter where you get your product key, you shouldn't download Windows 10 from anyone besides Microsoft. As noted on Microsoft’s website: “When buying Microsoft software as a digital download, we recommend that you avoid auction sites and peer-to-peer (P2P) file sharing sites. At the moment there are a limited number of sites where you can legally purchase digital downloads of Microsoft software.”

“Genuine Windows is published by Microsoft, properly licensed and supported by Microsoft or a trusted partner. Non-genuine software results in a higher risk of malware, fraud, public exposure of your personal information and a higher risk for poor performance or feature malfunctions,” Microsoft added in a statement to Tom's Hardware.

These non-Microsoft websites have varying return policies for software key purchases. While Kinguin seems to have an open return policy, we've seen reports of  the service being too slow or the company insisting on replacing the key instead of refunding it or vice versa. 

Amazon and Newegg both have no-refund policies for software keys. Amazon claims all keys sold on its site are genuine, and any gripes you have with your key must be handled by the individual vendors. If a key you bought from Newegg doesn’t work, you'll have to contact Newegg’s product support team to get a new key.

Still, most, if not all, sites seem willing to accommodate you should you get a key that’s already been used or doesn’t work. Again, just make sure you’re buying your key from a legitimate source. For that reason we don’t recommend buying Windows 10 keys from individual sellers (or illegally).

This final downside is only applicable if you want to equip your PC with Windows 10 Pro for Workstations. While I was able to find Windows 10 Home on a number of genuine key-selling websites and Windows 10 Pro on some (although fewer) websites, I couldn’t find a place to download a key for Windows 10 Pro for Workstations anywhere besides Microsoft (Amazon sells it to ship for $). The most advanced and pricey ($) member of the Windows 10 clan, Windows 10 Pro for Workstations offers “support for the next generation of PC hardware, up to four CPUs and 6TB of memory,” according to Microsoft’s website. But it’s unlikely you’ll need the juggernaut of Windows 10 for your personal machine.

Buy a Windows Key Microsoft windows 10 pro Microsoft: $+ 

Want a version of Windows 10 where you can enjoy dynamic slideshows on your home screen and vibrant red, green, pink, or purple taskbars? Do you enjoy the thrills of a watermark-free screen and the comfort of knowing you can call Microsoft support if you have any problems? Then you need a key, which, as discussed, you can get from various retailers. But if you want to avoid any chance of getting an unusable key or want the guaranteed ability to get a full refund even if there’s no problem with the key, your best bet is microsoft windows 10 pro from Microsoft.

In addition to selling keys for Windows 10 Home and Pro, microsoft windows 10 pro, Microsoft is the only place you can get a key for Windows 10 Pro for Workstations. Additionally, Microsoft offers the Assure Software Support Plan for an extra $99 (£95/ AU$), microsoft windows 10 pro. This plan is valid for a year after activating Windows It’s applicable for up to five devices and entitles you to online and phone support and one-on-one in-store training. One caveat: Microsoft says the plan is “for purchase and activation only in the region in which it was acquired.”

Microsoft charges the most for Windows 10 keys. Windows 10 Home goes for $ (£ / AU$), while Pro is $ (£ /AU$). Despite these high prices, you’re still getting the same OS as if you bought it from somewhere cheaper, and it’s still only usable for one PC.

Plus, the premium price doesn’t entitle you to any support perks. Microsoft’s 24/7 basic phone and online support is available to anyone with a Windows 10 key, even those who didn't get it from #1 DVD Ripper 1.3.17 crack serial keygen. After already investing time and money building a PC microsoft windows 10 pro, it can be difficult to convince yourself to spend over $ for an OS that you can get with the same specs and support for cheaper.

What's the Best Way to Get Windows 10? 

If you have an old Windows key you can get Windows 10 free by carrying that key over from a previous build -- that's your best option. 

If you don't have a key on hand, you need to decide whether you're comfortable using an unactivated version of Windows 10, which limits your customization options, has an ugly watermark and leaves you ineligible for Microsoft support. Many would argue that downloading Windows without paying for or already owning a product key is ethically wrong. That said, Microsoft has made this process easier over various Windows iterations and lessened the limitations and nagging that happens when you don't activate. The company isn't trying to close this loophole, probably because it’s more interested in driving user numbers. I've even seen well-known vendors and Microsoft partners do press presentations with watermarks on their desktop.

If you must buy a Windows 10 key, you can save a lot with a low-cost seller such as Kinguin, although customer service will likely be lacking and isn't the best option if you only want a very specific type of Windows Still, Microsoft's price is astronomically high. You can save $ or more by buying a key from one of these third-party sites, which is money you can spend on one of the best graphics cards, microsoft windows 10 pro, a roomier SSD, or a few AAA games for your new PC.

MORE: Running Windows 10 on Raspberry Pi
PC Building Tips for Beginners
MORE: How to Build A PC
How to Factory Reset a Windows 10 PC
MORE: How to Set Up RAID In Windows 10

Scharon Harding has a special affinity for gaming peripherals (especially monitors), laptops and virtual reality. Previously, she covered business technology, microsoft windows 10 pro, including hardware, software, microsoft windows 10 pro, cyber security, cloud and other IT happenings, at Channelnomics, with bylines at CRN UK.

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    Windows 10 editions

    Overview of the various editions of the Microsoft Windows 10 operating system

    Windows 10 microsoft windows 10 pro several editions, all with varying feature sets, use cases, or intended devices. Certain editions are distributed only on devices directly from an original equipment manufacturer (OEM), while editions such as Enterprise and Education are only available through volume licensing channels. Microsoft also makes editions of Windows 10 available to device manufacturers for use on specific classes of devices, including IoT devices and previously marketed Windows 10 Mobile for smartphones.

    Baseline editions[edit]

    Baseline editions are the only editions available as standalone purchases in retail outlets. PCs often come pre-installed with one of these editions.

    Windows 10 Home is designed for use in PCs, tablets and 2-in-1 PCs. It includes all features directed at consumers.[1][2][3]
    Windows 10 Pro includes all features of Windows 10 Home, microsoft windows 10 pro, with additional capabilities that are oriented towards professionals and business environments, such as Active Directory, Remote Desktop, BitLocker, Hyper-V, and Windows Defender Device Guard.[1][2][3]
    Pro for Workstations
    Windows 10 Pro for Workstations is designed for high-end hardware for microsoft windows 10 pro computing tasks and supports Intel Xeon, microsoft windows 10 pro, AMD Opteron and the latest AMD Epyc processors; up to four CPUs; up to 6&#;TB RAM; the ReFS file system; Non-Volatile Dual In-line Memory Module (NVDIMM); and remote direct memory access (RDMA).[4][5][6]

    Organizational editions[edit]

    These editions add features to facilitate centralized control of many installations of the OS within an organization. The main avenue of acquiring them is a volume licensing contract with Microsoft.

    Windows 10 Education is distributed through Academic Volume Licensing. It was based on Windows 10 Enterprise and initially reported to have the same feature set.[1][2][3] As of versionhowever, this edition has fewer features. See §&#;Comparison chart for details.
    Pro Education
    This edition was introduced in July for hardware partners on new devices purchased with the discounted K–12 academic license. It was based on the Pro edition of Windows 10 and contains mostly the same features as Windows 10 Pro with different options disabled by default, and adds options for setup and deployment in an education environment. It also features a "Set Up School PCs" app that allows provisioning of settings using a USB flash drive, and does not include Cortana, Microsoft Store suggestions, Windows Sandbox, or Windows Spotlight.[7][8][9]
    Windows 10 Enterprise provides all the features of Windows 10 Pro, with additional features to assist with IT-based organizations.[1][2][3] Windows 10 Enterprise is configurable on two servicing channels, microsoft windows 10 pro, Semi-Annual Channel and Windows Insider Program.[10]
    Enterprise LTSC
    Enterprise LTSC (Long-Term Servicing Channel) (formerly LTSB (Long-Term Servicing Branch)) is a long-term support variant of Windows 10 Enterprise released every 2 to 3 years. Each release is supported with security updates for either 5 or 10 years after its release, and intentionally receive no feature updates.[11] Some features, including the Microsoft Store and bundled apps, are not included in this edition.[12][1][3] This edition was first released as Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB (Long-Term Servicing Branch).[13] There are currently 4 releases of LTSC: one in (version ), one in (version ), one in (labeled as microsoft windows 10 pro, version ), and one in (version 21H2).[14][15]

    S microsoft windows 10 pro OEMs can ship Windows 10 Home and Pro in a microsoft windows 10 pro variation named S mode which evolved from the discontinued Windows 10 S. Organizations employing Windows 10 Enterprise or Windows 10 Education can make use of S mode too.[16] S mode is a feature-limited edition of Windows 10 designed primarily for low-end devices in the education market. It has a faster initial setup and login process, and allows devices to be provisioned using a USB drive with the "Set Up School PCs" app.

    With the exception of the Microsoft Teams desktop client which was made available for S mode in April ,[citation needed] the installation of software (both Universal Windows Platform and Windows API apps) is only possible through the Microsoft Store, and command line programs or shells (even from Microsoft Store) are not allowed.[17][18][19][20] System settings are locked to allow only Microsoft Microsoft windows 10 pro as the default web browser with Bing as its search engine.[21] The operating system may be switched out of S mode using the Microsoft Store for free. However, once S Mode is turned off, it cannot be re-enabled.[22][23] All Windows 10 devices in S mode include a free one-year subscription to Minecraft: Education Edition. Critics have compared the edition to Windows RT, and have considered it to be a competitor to Chrome OS.[22][24][25][26][27]

    Device-specific editions[edit]

    These editions are licensed to OEMs only, and are primarily obtained via the purchase of hardware that includes it:

    A specific edition used by Microsoft's HoloLensmixed realitysmartglasses.[28][29]
    A rebranded variant of Microsoft's earlier embedded operating systems, Windows Embedded. Designed specifically for use in small footprint, low-cost devices and IoT scenarios. Five editions are currently available: IoT Core, IoT Core Pro, and IoT Enterprise, as well as IoT Core LTSC and IoT Enterprise LTSC.[30][31][32][33]
    A specific edition used by Microsoft's Surface Hubinteractive whiteboard.[34]

    Discontinued editions[edit]

    The following editions of Windows 10 were discontinued (as of Windows 10 version ). For both Mobile and Mobile Enterprise, Microsoft confirmed it was exiting the consumer mobile devices market, so no successor product is available.[35]

    Windows 10 Mobile was designed for smartphones and small tablets. It included all basic consumer features, including Continuum capability, microsoft windows 10 pro. It was the de facto successor of Windows Phone and Windows RT.[1][2]
    Mobile Enterprise
    Windows 10 Mobile Enterprise provided all of the features in Windows 10 Mobile, with additional features to assist IT-based organizations, in a manner similar to Windows 10 Enterprise, but optimized for mobile devices.[1][2]
    IoT Mobile
    A binary equivalent of Home 3d Archives 10 Mobile Enterprise licensed for IoT applications. Also known as IoT Mobile Enterprise.[36][37]
    Windows 10 S was an edition released in which ultimately evolved into the so-called S mode of Windows In MarchMicrosoft announced that it would be phasing out Windows 10 S, citing confusion among manufacturers and end-users.[38][39]
    Originally announced for use on dual-screen devices such as the Surface Neo and microsoft windows 10 pro potential form factors, 10X featured a modified user interface designed around context specific interactions or "postures" on such devices, including a redesigned Start menu with no tiles, and use of container technology to run Win32 software.[40][41] The platform was described as a more direct competitor to Chrome OS.[42][43] On May 4,Microsoft announced that Windows 10X would first be used on single-screen devices, and that they will "continue to look for the right moment, in conjunction with our OEM partners, microsoft windows 10 pro, to bring dual-screen devices to market".[44] On May 18,Head of Windows Servicing and Delivery John Cable stated that Windows 10X had been cancelled, and that its foundational technologies would be leveraged for future Microsoft products.[45] Several design changes in 10X, notably the centered taskbar and redesigned start menu, would be later introduced in Windows [46]

    Regional variations[edit]

    As with previous versions of Windows since Windows XP, all Windows 10 editions for PC hardware have "N" and "KN" variations in Europe and South Korea that exclude certain bundled microsoft windows 10 pro functionality, including media players and related components, in order to comply with antitrust rulings. The "Media Feature Pack" can be installed to restore these features.[47] The variation cannot be changed without a clean install, and keys for one variation will not work on other variations.
    Home with Bing
    As with Windowsa reduced-price "Windows 10 with Bing" SKU is available to OEMs; it is subsidized by having Microsoft's Bing search engine set as default, which cannot be changed to a different search engine by OEMs. It is intended primarily for low-cost devices, and is otherwise identical to Windows 10 Home.[48]
    Home Single Language
    In some emerging markets, OEMs preinstall a variation of Windows 10 Home called Single Language without the ability to switch the display language. It is otherwise identical to Windows 10 Home. To change display language, the user will need to upgrade to Windows 10 Pro.
    China Government Edition
    In Mayit was reported that Microsoft, as part of its partnership with China Electronics Technology Group, created a specially-modified variant of Windows 10 Enterprise ("G") designed for use within branches of the Chinese government. This variant microsoft windows 10 pro pre-configured to "remove features that are not needed by Chinese government employees", and allow the use of its internal encryption algorithms.[49][50]

    Comparison chart[edit]

    YesFeature is present in the given edition
    Yes, since [update]Feature is present in the given edition after installing a certain update
    NoFeature is absent from the given edition
    No, since [update]Feature is absent from the given edition after installing a certain update microsoft windows 10 pro might have been fully or partly present prior to that update)
    [Explanation]Feature is partly present in the given edition
    [Explanation], since [update]Feature is partly present in the given edition, after installing a certain update (It might have been fully present prior to that update, or not present at all)

    [1] The 4 GB limit for bit editions is a limitation of the bit addressing, not of Windows 10 itself, microsoft windows 10 pro. In practice, less than 4&#;GB of memory is addressable as the 4&#;GB space also includes the memory mapped peripherals.

    Microsoft OEM licensing formula takes display size, RAM capacity and storage capacity into account. In mid, devices with 4&#;GB RAM were expected to be $20 more expensive than devices with 2&#;GB RAM.[68]

    Upgrade path[edit]

    Free upgrade[edit]

    At the time of launch, Microsoft deemed Windows 7 (with Service Pack 1) and Windows users eligible to upgrade to Windows 10 free of charge, so long as the upgrade took place within one year of Windows 10's initial release date. Windows RT and the respective Microsoft windows 10 pro editions of Windows 7, 8, and were excluded from this offer.[69]

    Windows version and edition Windows 10 edition
    Windows 7 Starter Home
    Windows 7 Home Basic
    Windows 7 Home Premium
    Windows with Bing
    Windows 7 Professional Pro
    Windows 7 Microsoft windows 10 pro
    Windows Pro
    Windows Phone Mobile

    Commercial upgrade[edit]

    The following table summarizes possible upgrade paths that can be taken, provided that proper licenses are purchased.
    There is no upgrade path that can allow Windows RT devices to install Windows

    UpgradeUpgrade is possible, preserving apps, settings and data
    CleanUpgrade is possible, but all apps, settings and data are lost.
    DowngradeUpgrade is possible, but some features are lost.
    N/AUpgrade is impossible under any circumstances.
    Same EditionThe Windows edition and the Upgrade target are the same.
    Upgrade target
    10 Home
    10 Pro
    Windows 10
    Pro for Workstations
    Windows 10
    Pro Education
    Windows 10
    Windows 10
    Windows 10
    Windows 7 StarterUpgradeUpgradeUpgradeUpgradeUpgradeCleanN/A
    Home BasicUpgradeUpgradeUpgradeUpgradeUpgradeCleanN/A
    Home PremiumUpgradeUpgradeUpgradeUpgradeUpgradeCleanN/A
    Windows (Core)UpgradeUpgradeUpgradeUpgradeUpgradeCleanN/A
    with BingUpgradeUpgradeUpgradeUpgradeUpgradeCleanN/A
    Pro for StudentsDowngradeUpgradeUpgradeUpgradeUpgradeUpgradeN/A
    Pro with Media CenterDowngradeUpgradeUpgradeUpgradeUpgradeUpgradeN/A
    Embedded IndustryCleanCleanCleanCleanCleanUpgradeN/A
    Phone N/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AUpgrade
    Windows 10 HomeSame Microsoft windows 10 pro
    ProDowngradeSame EditionUpgradeUpgradeUpgradeUpgradeN/A
    Pro for WorkstationsDowngradeDowngradeSame EditionUpgradeUpgradeUpgradeN/A
    Pro EducationDowngradeUpgradeUpgradeSame EditionCleanCleanN/A
    EducationCleanCleanCleanCleanSame EditionUpgradeN/A
    EnterpriseCleanCleanCleanCleanDowngradeSame EditionN/A
    MobileN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/ASame Edition

    Release branches[edit]

    New releases of Windows&#;10, called feature updates,[12] are released twice a year as a free update for existing Windows 10 users. Each feature update contains new features and other changes to the operating system.[71] The pace at which a system receives feature updates is dependent on the release branch from which the system downloads its updates. Windows 10 Pro, Enterprise and Education can optionally use a branch that receives updates at a slower pace. These modes can be managed through system settings, Windows Server Update Services (WSUS), Windows Update for Business, Group Policy or through mobile device management systems such as Microsoft Intune.[12]

    Windows Insider
    Windows Insider is a beta testing program that allows access to pre-release builds of Windows 10; it is designed to allow power users, developers, and vendors to test and provide feedback on future feature updates to Windows 10 as they are developed. Windows Insider itself consists of four "rings", microsoft windows 10 pro, "Fast" (which receives new builds as they are released), "Slow" (which receives new builds on a delay after it is deployed to Fast ring users), "Release Preview" (which receives early access to updates for the Current Branch), and formerly "Skip Ahead" (which receives super-early builds for the next feature update while a current release is being finished).
    Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted)
    The Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted), previously known as the Current Branch (CB), distributes all feature updates as they graduate from the Windows Insider branch. Microsoft only supports the latest build. A feature update can be deferred for up to days, a quality update can be deferred for up to 30 days before it will be listed as available in Windows Update. As of versionadditional settings are provided to pause checking of updates for up to 35 days, but they were not available on Windows 10 Home until version [72][73][74][75]
    Semi-Annual Channel
    The Semi-Annual Channel, previously known as Current Branch for Microsoft windows 10 pro (CBB), distributes feature updates on a four-month delay from their original release to the Semi-Annual Channel. This allows customers and vendors to evaluate and perform additional testing on new builds before broader deployments. Devices can be switched back to the Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted) at any time. The Semi-Annual Channel is not available on Windows 10 Home.[12][76]
    Long-Term Servicing Channel (LTSC)
    This servicing option is exclusively available for Windows 10 Enterprise, IoT Core, and IoT Enterprise LTSC editions. Distribution snapshots of these editions are updated every years. LTSC builds adhere to Microsoft's traditional support policy which was in effect before Windows They are not updated with new features, and are supported with critical updates for either 5 or 10 years after their release. Microsoft officially discourages the use of LTSC outside of "special-purpose devices" that perform a fixed function and thus do not require new user experience features. As a result, it excludes Windows Store, most Cortana functionality, and most bundled apps (including Microsoft Edge).[12][1][3] According to a Microsoft announcement, this servicing option was renamed from Long-Term Servicing Branch (LTSB) in to Long-Term Servicing Channel (LTSC) into match the name changes mentioned above.[13]

    See also[edit]


    1. ^There are three (previously four) telemetry levels, in the order of magnitude: Diagnostic data off (Security), microsoft windows 10 pro, Required (Basic), and Optional (Full). The higher the level, the more information that is sent to Microsoft. Microsoft windows 10 pro Windows 10 versions had a level between Required and Optional, and the older names for the levels are shown in the parenthesis.
    2. ^Cortana is available only in certain markets. Experience may vary by region and device.
    3. ^Windows Hello requires specialized hardware, such as a fingerprint reader, illuminated IR sensor or other biometric sensor.
    4. ^On Windows 10 Pro, a Control Panel applet corresponding to this feature appears, but a Windows 10 Enterprise or Education image is still needed.[66][67]


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