Kali Linux - Password Cracking Tool - GeeksforGeeks

Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack

Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack

Emphasis on binary code analysis makes it particularly useful in cases where the source is unavailable. Generally, it is used to crack the commercial. Password crackers are designed to take credential data stolen in a data breach or other hack and extract passwords from it. When sending files or software, lossy compression is not acceptable. kali > tar -cvf NB.tar nullbyte1 nullbyte2 nullbyte3.

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Kali Linux - Reverse Engineering



In this chapter, we will learn about the reverse engineering tools of Kali Linux.

OllyDbg

OllyDbg is a 32-bit assembler level analyzing debugger for Microsoft Windows applications. Emphasis on binary code analysis makes it particularly useful in cases where the source is unavailable. Generally, it is used to crack the commercial softwares.

To open it, go to Applications → Reverse Engineering → ollydbg

OllyDbg

To load a EXE file, go the “Opening folder” in yellow color, which is shown in a red square in the above screenshot.

After loading, you will have the following view where you can change the binaries.

Binaries

dex2jar

This is an application that helps convert APK file (android) to JAR file in order to view the source code. To use it, open the terminal and write ”d2j-dex2jar –d /file location”.

In this case, the file is “classes.dex” on the desktop.

Classes

The following line shows that a JAR file has been created.

Jar FileCreated File

jd-gui

JD-GUI is a standalone graphical utility that displays Java source codes of “.class” files. You can browse the reconstructed source code. In this case, we can reconstruct the file that we extracted from the dex2jar tool.

To launch it, open the terminal and write “jd-gui” and the following view will open.

To import the file, click the open folder Open Folder icon on the left upper corner and then import the file.

Jd Gui

apktool

Apktool is one of the best tools to reverse the whole android application. It can decode resources to nearly an original form and rebuild them after making modifications.

To open it, go to the terminal and write “ apktool”.

To decompile a apk file, write “apktool d apk file”.

Apktool

Decompilation will start as shown in the following screenshot.

Decompilation
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What is Kali Linux?

Kali Linux is a security distribution of Linux derived from Debian and specifically designed for computer forensics and advanced penetration testing. It was developed through rewriting of BackTrack by Mati Aharoni and Devon Kearns of Offensive Security. Kali Linux contains several hundred tools that are well-designed towards various information security tasks, such as penetration testing, security research, computer forensics and reverse engineering.

BackTrack was their previous information security Operating System. The first iteration of Kali Linux was Kali 1.0.0 was introduced in March 2013. Offensive Security currently funds and supports Kalin Linux. If you were to visit Kali’s website today (www.kali.org), you would see a large banner stating, “Our Most Advanced Penetration Testing Distribution, Ever.” A very bold statement that ironically has yet to be disproven.

Kali Linux has over 600 preinstalled penetration-testing applications to discover. Each program with its unique flexibility and use case. Kali Linux does excellent job separating these useful utilities into the following categories:

  1. Information Gathering
  2. Vulnerability Analysis
  3. Wireless Attacks
  4. Web Applications
  5. Exploitation Tools
  6. Stress Testing
  7. Forensics Tools
  8. Sniffing & Spoofing
  9. Password Attacks
  10. Maintaining Access
  11. Reverse Engineering
  12. Reporting Tools
  13. Hardware Hacking

In this Kali Linux tutorial for beginners, you will learn basics of Kali Linux like:

Who uses Kali Linux and Why?

Kali Linux is truly a unique operating system, as its one of the few platforms openly used by both good guys and bad guys. Security Administrators, and Black Hat Hackers both use this operating system extensively. One to detect and prevent security breaches, and the other to identify and possibly exploit security breaches. The number of tools configured and preinstalled on the operating system, make Kali Linux the Swiss Army knife in any security professionals toolbox.

Professionals that use Kali Linux

  1. Security Administrators – Security Administrators are responsible for safeguarding their institution’s information and data. They use Kali Linux to review their environment(s) and ensure there are no easily discoverable vulnerabilities.
  2. Network Administrators – Network Administrators are responsible for maintaining an efficient and secure network. They use Kali Linux to audit their network. For example, Kali Linux has the ability to detect rogue access points.
  3. Network Architects – Network Architects, are responsible for designing secure network environments. They utilize Kali Linux to audit their initial designs and ensure nothing was overlooked or misconfigured.
  4. Pen Testers – Pen Testers, utilize Kali Linux to audit environments and perform reconnaissance on corporate environments which they have been hired to review.
  5. CISO – CISO or Chief Information Security Officers, use Kali Linux to internally audit their environment and discover if any new applications or rouge configurations have been put in place.
  6. Forensic Engineers – Kali Linux posses a “Forensic Mode”, which allows a Forensic Engineer to perform data discovery and recovery in some instances.
  7. White Hat Hackers – White Hat Hackers, similar to Pen Testers use Kali Linux to audit and discover vulnerabilities which may be present in an environment.
  8. Black Hat Hackers – Black Hat Hackers, utilize Kali Linux to discover and exploit vulnerabilities. Kali Linux also has numerous social engineer applications, which can be utilized by a Black Hat Hacker to compromise an organization or individual.
  9. Grey Hat Hackers – Grey Hat Hackers, lie in between White Hat and Black Hat Hackers. They will utilize Kali Linux in the same methods as the two listed above.
  10. Computer Enthusiast – Computer Enthusiast is a pretty generic term, but anyone interested in learning more about networking or computers, in general, can use Kali Linux to learn more about Information Technology, networking, and common vulnerabilities.

Kali Linux Installation Methods

Kali Linux can be installed using the following methods:

Ways to Run Kali Linux:

  1. Directly on a PC, Laptop – Utilizing a Kali ISO image, Kali Linux can be installed directly onto a PC or Laptop. This method is best if you have a spare PC and are familiar with Kali Linux. Also, if you plan or doing any access point testing, installing Kali Linux directly onto Wi-Fi enabled laptop is recommended.
  2. Virtualized (VMware, Hyper-V, Oracle VirtualBox, Citrix) – Kali Linux supports most known hypervisors and can be easily into the most popular ones. Pre-configured images are available for download from https://www.kali.org/, or an ISO can be used to install the operating system into the preferred hypervisor manually.
  3. Cloud (Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure) – Given the popularity of Kali Linux, both AWS and Azure provide images for Kali Linux.

  4. USB Boot Disc – Utilizing Kali Linux’s ISO, a boot disc can be created to either run Kali Linux on a machine without actually installing it or for Forensic purposes.
  5. Windows 10 (App) – Kali Linux can now natively run on Windows 10, via the Command Line. Not all features work yet as this is still in beta mode.

  6. Mac (Dual or Single boot) – Kali Linux can be installed on Mac, as a secondary operating system or as the primary. Parallels or Mac’s boot functionality can be utilized to configure this setup.

How To Install Kali Linux using Virtual Box

Here is a step by step process on how to install Kali Linux using Vitual Box and how to use Kali Linux:

The easiest method and arguably the most widely used is installing Kali Linux and running it from Oracle’s VirtualBox.

This method allows you to continue to use your existing hardware while experimenting with the featured enriched Kali Linux in a completely isolated environment. Best of all everything is free. Both Kali Linux and Oracle VirtualBox are free to use. This Kali Linux tutorial assumes you have already installed Oracle’s VirtualBox on your system and have enabled 64-bit Virtualization via the Bios.

Step 1) Go to https://www.kali.org/downloads/

This will download an OVA image, which can be imported into VirtualBox

Step 2) Open the Oracle VirtualBox Application, and from the File, Menu select Import Appliance

File Menu -> Import Appliance

Step 3) On the following screen “Appliance to Import” Browse to the location of the downloaded OVA file and click Open

Step 4) Once you click Open, you will be taken back to the “Appliance to Import” simply click Next

Step 5) The following screen “Appliance Settings” displays a summary of the systems settings, leaving the default settings is fine. As shown in the screenshot below, make a note of where the Virtual Machine is located and then click Import.

Step 6) VirtualBox will now Import the Kali Linux OVA appliance. This process could take anywhere from 5 to 10 minutes to complete.

Step 7) Congratulations, Kali Linux has been successfully installed on VirtualBox. You should now see the Kali Linux VM in the VirtualBox Console. Next, we’ll take a look at Kali Linux and some initial steps to perform.

Step 8) Click on the Kali Linux VM within the VirtualBox Dashboard and click Start, this will boot up the Kali Linux Operating System.

Step 9) On the login screen, enter “Root” as the username and click Next.

Step 10) As mentioned earlier, enter “toor” as the password and click SignIn.

You will now be present with the Kali Linux GUI Desktop. Congratulations you have successfully logged into Kali Linux.

Getting Started with Kali Linux GUI

The Kali Desktop has a few tabs you should initially make a note of and become familiar with. Applications Tab, Places Tab, and the Kali Linux Dock.

Applications Tab – Provides a Graphical Dropdown List of all the applications and tools pre-installed on Kali Linux. Reviewing the Applications Tab is a great way to become familiar with the featured enriched Kali Linux Operating System. Two applications we’ll discuss in this Kali Linux tutorial are Nmap and Metasploit. The applications are placed into different categories which makes searching for an application much easier.

Accessing Applications

Step 1) Click on Applications Tab

Step 2) Browse to the particular category you’re interested in exploring

Step 3) Click on the Application you would like to start.

Places Tab – Similar to any other GUI Operating System, such as Windows or Mac, easy access to your Folders, Pictures and My Documents is an essential component. Places on Kali Linux provides that accessibility that is vital to any Operating System. By default, the Places menu has the following tabs, Home, Desktop, Documents, Downloads, Music, Pictures, Videos, Computer and Browse Network.

Accessing Places

Step 1) Click on the Places Tab

Step 2) Select the location you would like to access.

Kali Linux Dock – Similar to Apple Mac’s Dock or Microsoft Windows Task Bar, the Kali Linux Dock provides quick access to frequently used / favorite applications. Applications can be added or removed easily.

To Remove an Item from the Dock

Step 1) Right-Click on the Dock Item

Step 2) Select Remove From Favorites

To Add Item to Dock

Adding an item to the Dock is very similar to removing an item from the Dock

Step 1) Click on the Show Applications button at the bottom of the Dock

Step 2) Right Click on Application

Step 3) Select Add to Favorites

Once completed the item will be displayed within the Dock

Kali Linux has many other unique features, which makes this Operating System the primary choice by Security Engineers and Hackers alike. Unfortunately, covering them all is not possible within this Kali Linux hacking tutorials; however, you should feel free to explore the different buttons displayed on the desktop.

What is Nmap?

Network Mapper, better known as Nmap for short is a free, open-source utility used for network discovery and vulnerability scanning. Security professionals use Nmap to discover devices running in their environments. Nmap also can reveal the services, and ports each host is serving, exposing a potential security risk. At the most basic level, consider Nmap, ping on steroids. The more advanced your technical skills evolve the more usefulness you’ll find from Nmap

Nmap offers the flexibility to monitor a single host or a vast network consisting of hundreds if not thousands of devices and subnets. The flexibility Nmap offers has evolved over the years, but at its core, it’s a port-scanning tool, which gathers information by sending raw packets to a host system. Nmap then listens for responses and determines if a port is open, closed or filtered.

The first scan you should be familiar with is the basic Nmap scan that scans the first 1000 TCP ports. If it discovers a port listening it will display the port as open, closed, or filtered. Filtered meaning a firewall is most likely in place modifying the traffic on that particular port. Below is a list of Nmap commands which can be used to run the default scan.

Nmap Target Selection

Scan a single IPnmap 192.168.1.1
Scan a hostnmap www.testnetwork.com
Scan a range of IPsnmap 192.168.1.1-20
Scan a subnetnmap 192.168.1.0/24
Scan targets from a text filenmap -iL list-of-ipaddresses.txt

How to Perform a Basic Nmap Scan on Kali Linux

To run a basic Nmap scan in Kali Linux, follow the steps below. With Nmap as depicted above, you have the ability to scan a single IP, a DNS name, a range of IP addresses, Subnets, and even scan from text files. For this example, we will scan the localhost IP address.

Step 1) From the Dock menu, click on the second tab which is the Terminal

Step 2) The Terminal window should open, enter the command ifconfig, this command will return the local IP address of your Kali Linux system. In this example, the local IP address is 10.0.2.15

Step 3) Make a note of the local IP Address

Step 4) In the same terminal window, enter nmap 10.0.2.15, this will scan the first 1000 ports on the localhost. Considering this is the base install no ports should be open.

Step 5) Review results

By default, nmap only scans the first 1000 ports. If you needed to scan the complete 65535 ports, you would simply modify the above command to include -p-.

Nmap 10.0.2.15 -p-

Nmap OS Scan

Another basic but useful feature of nmap is the ability to detect the OS of the host system. Kali Linux by default is secure, so for this example, the host system, which Oracle’s VirtualBox is installed on, will be used as an example. The host system is a Windows 10 Surface. The host system’s IP address is 10.28.2.26.

In the Terminal window enter the following nmap command:

nmap 10.28.2.26 – A

Review results

Adding -A tells nmap to not only perform a port scan but also try to detect the Operating System.

Nmap is a vital utility in any Security Professional toolbox. Use the command nmap -h to explore more options and commands on Nmap.

What is Metasploit?

The Metasploit Framework is an open source project that provides a public resource for researching vulnerabilities and developing code that allows security professionals the ability to infiltrate their own network and identify security risk and vulnerabilities. Metasploit was recently purchased by Rapid 7 (https://www.metasploit.com). However, the community edition of Metasploit is still available on Kali Linux. Metasploit is by far the world’s most used Penetration utility.

It is important that you are careful when using Metasploit because scanning a network or environment that is not yours could be considered illegal in some instances. In this Kali Linux metasploit tutorial, we’ll show you how to start Metasploit and run a basic scan on Kali Linux. Metasploit is considered an advance utility and will require some time to become adept, but once familiar with the application it will be an invaluable resource.

Metasploit and Nmap

Within Metasploit, we can actually utilize Nmap. In this case, you’ll learn how to scan your local VirtualBox subnet from Metasploit using the Nmap utility we just learned about.

Step 1) On the Applications Tab, scroll down to 08-Exploitation Tools and then select Metasploit

Step 2) A terminal box will open, with MSF in the dialog, this is Metasploit

Step 3) Enter the following command

db_nmap -V -sV 10.0.2.15/24

(be sure to replace 10.0.2.15 with your local IP address)

Here:

db_ stands for database

-V Stands for verbose mode

-sV stands for service version detection

Metasploit Exploit Utility

Metasploit very robust with its features and flexibility. One common use for Metasploit is the Exploitation of Vulnerabilities. Below we’ll go through the steps of reviewing some exploits and trying to exploit a Windows 7 Machine.

Step 1) Assuming Metasploit is still open enter Hosts -R in the terminal window. This adds the hosts recently discovered to Metasploit database.

Step 2) Enter “show exploits“, this command will provide a comprehensive look at all the exploits available to Metasploit.

Step 3) Now, try to narrow down the list with this command: search name: Windows 7, this command searches the exploits which specifically include windows 7, for the purpose of this example we will try to exploit a Windows 7 Machine. Depending on your environment, you will have to change the search parameters to meet your criteria. For example, if you have Mac or another Linux machine, you will have to change the search parameter to match that machine type.

Step 4) For the purposes of this tutorial we will use an Apple Itunes vulnerability discovered in the list. To utilize the exploit, we must enter the complete path which is displayed in the list: use exploit/windows/browse/apple_itunes_playlist

Step 5) If the exploit is successful the command prompt will change to display the exploit name followed by > as depicted in the below screenshot.

Step 6) Enter show options to review what options are available to the exploit. Each exploit will, of course, have different options.

Summary:

In sum, Kali Linux is an amazing operating system that is widely used by various professionals from Security Administrators, to Black Hat Hackers. Given its robust utilities, stability, and ease of use, it’s an operating system everyone in the IT industry and computer enthusiast should be familiar with. Utilizing just the two applications discussed in this tutorial will significantly aid a firm in securing their Information Technology infrastructure. Both Nmap and Metasploit are available on other platforms, but their ease of use and pre-installed configuration on Kali Linux makes Kali the operating system of choice when evaluating and testing the security of a network. As stated previously, be careful using the Kali Linux, as it should only be used in network environments which you control and or have permission to test. As some utilities, may actually cause damage or loss of data.

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21 Best Kali Linux Tools for Hacking and Penetration Testing

Here’s our list of best Kali Linux tools that will allow you to assess the security of web-servers and help in performing hacking and pen-testing.

If you read the Kali Linux review, you know why it is considered one of the best Linux distributions for hacking and pen-testing and rightly so. It comes baked in with a lot of tools to make it easier for you to test, hack, and for anything else related to digital forensics.

It is one of the most recommended Linux distro for ethical hackers. Even if you are not a hacker but a webmaster – you can still utilize some of the tools to easily run a scan of your web server or web page.

In either case, no matter what your purpose is – we shall take a look at some of the best Kali Linux tools that you should be using.

Note that not all tools mentioned here are open source.

Top Kali Linux Tools for Hacking and Penetration Testing

Kali Linux Tools

There are several types of tools that comes pre-installed. If you do not find a tool installed, simply download it and set it up. It’s easy.

1. Nmap

Kali Linux Nmap

Nmap or “Network Mapper” is one of the most popular tools on Kali Linux for information gathering. In other words, to get insights about the host, its IP address, OS detection, and similar network security details (like the number of open ports and what they are).

It also offers features for firewall evasion and spoofing.

2. Lynis

Lynis Kali Linux Tool

Lynis is a powerful tool for security auditing, compliance testing, and system hardening. Of course, you can also utilize this for vulnerability detection and penetration testing as well.

It will scan the system according to the components it detects. For example, if it detects Apache – it will run Apache-related tests for pin point information.

3. WPScan

Wpscan Kali Linux

WordPress is one of the best open source CMS and this would be the best free WordPress security auditing tool. It’s free but not open source.

If you want to know whether a WordPress blog is vulnerable in some way, WPScan is your friend.

In addition, it also gives you details of the plugins active. Of course, a well-secured blog may not give you a lot of details, but it is still the best tool for WordPress security scans to find potential vulnerabilities.

4. Aircrack-ng

Aircrack Ng Kali Linux Tool

Aircrack-ng is a collection of tools to assess WiFi network security. It isn’t just limited to monitor and get insights – but it also includes the ability to compromise a network (WEP, WPA 1, and WPA 2).

If you forgot the password of your own WiFi network – you can try using this to regain access. It also includes a variety of wireless attacks with which you can target/monitor a WiFi network to enhance its security.

5. Hydra

Hydra Kali Linux

If you are looking for an interesting tool to crack login/password pairs, Hydra will be one of the best Kali Linux tools that comes pre-installed.

It may not be actively maintained anymore – but it is now on GitHub, so you can contribute working on it as well.

6. Wireshark

Wireshark Network Analyzer

Wireshark is the most popular network analyzer that comes baked in with Kali Linux. It can be categorized as one of the best Kali Linux tools for network sniffing as well.

It is being actively maintained, so I would definitely recommend trying this out. And it’s really easy to install Wireshark on Linux.

7. Metasploit Framework

Metasploit Framework

Metsploit Framework is the most used penetration testing framework. It offers two editions – one (open source) and the second is the pro version to it. With this tool, you can verify vulnerabilities, test known exploits, and perform a complete security assessment.

Of course, the free version won’t have all the features, so if you are into serious stuff, you should compare the editions here.

8. Skipfish

Skipfish Kali Linux Tool

Similar to WPScan, but not just focused for WordPress. Skipfish is a web application scanner that would give you insights for almost every type of web applications. It’s fast and easy to use. In addition, its recursive crawl method makes it even better.

For professional web application security assessments, the report generated by Skipfish will come in handy.

9. Maltego

Maltego

Maltego is an impressive data mining tool to analyze information online and connect the dots (if any). As per the information, it creates a directed graph to help analyze the link between those pieces of data.

Do note, that this isn’t an open source tool.

It comes pre-installed, however, you will have to sign up in order to select which edition you want to use. If you want for personal use, the community edition will suffice (you just need to register for an account) but if you want to utilize for commercial purpose, you need the subscription to the classic or XL version.

10. Nessus

Nessus

If you have a computer connected to a network, Nessus can help find vulnerabilities that a potential attacker may take advantage of. Of course, if you are an administrator for multiple computers connected to a network, you can make use of it and secure those computers.

However, this is not a free tool anymore, you can try it free for 7 days on from its official website.

11. Burp Suite Scanner

Burp Suite Community Edition

Burp Suite Scanner is a fantastic web security analysis tool. Unlike other web application security scanner, Burp offers a GUI and quite a few advanced tools.

However, the community edition restricts the features to only some essential manual tools. For professionals, you will have to consider upgrading. Similar to the previous tool, this isn’t open source either.

I’ve used the free version, but if you want more details on it, you should check out the features available on their official website.

12. BeEF

Beef Framework

BeEF (Browser Exploitation Framework) is yet another impressive tool. It has been tailored for penetration testers to assess the security of a web browser.

This is one of the best Kali Linux tools because a lot of users do want to know and fix the client-side problems when talking about web security.

13. Apktool

Apktool

Apktool is indeed one of the popular tools found on Kali Linux for reverse engineering Android apps. Of course, you should make good use of it – for educational purposes.

With this tool, you can experiment some stuff yourself and let the original developer know about your idea as well. What do you think you’ll be using it for?

14. sqlmap

Sqlmap

If you were looking for an open source penetration testing tool – sqlmap is one of the best. It automates the process of exploiting SQL injection flaws and helps you take over database servers.

15. John the Ripper

John The Ripper

John the Ripper is a popular password cracker tool available on Kali Linux. It’s free and open source as well. But, if you are not interested in the community-enhanced version, you can choose the pro version for commercial use.

16. Snort

Want real-time traffic analysis and packet logging capability? Snort has got your back. Even being an open source intrusion prevention system, it has a lot to offer.

The official website mentions the procedure to get it installed if you don’t have it already.

17. Autopsy Forensic Browser

Autopsy Forensic Browser

Autopsy is a digital forensic tool to investigate what happened on your computer. Well, you can also use it to recover images from SD card. It is also being used by law enforcement officials. You can read the documentation to explore what you can do with it.

You should also check out their GitHub page.

18. King Phisher

King Phisher

Phishing attacks are very common nowadays. And, King Phisher tool helps test, and promote user awareness by simulating real-world phishing attacks. For obvious reasons, you will need permission to simulate it on a server content of an organization.

19. Nikto

Nikto

Nikto is a powerful web server scanner – that makes it one of the best Kali Linux tools available. It checks in against potentially dangerous files/programs, outdated versions of server, and many more things.

20. Yersinia

Yersinia

Yersinia is an interesting framework to perform Layer 2 attacks (Layer 2 refers to the data link layer of OSI model) on a network. Of course, if you want a network to be secure, you will have to consider all the seven layers. However, this tool focuses on Layer 2 and a variety of network protocols that include STP, CDP, DTP, and so on.

21. Social Engineering Toolkit (SET)

Social Engineering Toolkit

If you are into pretty serious penetration testing stuff, this should be one of the best tools you should check out. Social engineering is a big deal and with SET tool, you can help protect against such attacks.

Wrapping Up

There’s actually a lot of tools that comes bundled with Kali Linux. Do refer to Kali Linux’ official tool listing page to find them all.

You will find some of them to be completely free and open source while some to be proprietary solutions (yet free). However, for commercial purpose, you should always opt for the premium editions.

We might have missed one of your favorite Kali Linux tools. Did we? Let us know about it in the comments section below.


Like what you read? Please share it with others.

Filed Under: ListTagged With: Kali Linux

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Top 25 Best Kali Linux Tools For Beginners

Becoming an Ethical Hacker is not quite as easy as to become a software developer, or programmer. An Ethical Hacker a.k.a Penetration Tester has to have a good understanding about various fields. Not just merely having in-depth programming languages in C, C++, Python, PHP, etc. Also in need is an advance Linux/Unix Environment knowledge just to get started in the field of Ethical Hacking.

Kali Linux comes with tons of pre-installed penetration testing tools, around about 600 tools included. As a beginner penetration tester, it sounds horrible. How could one learn or use all of those tools as a beginner? The truth is, you don’t need to master all of those, indeed, there are a lot of tools built into Kali Linux which have the same concept and purpose. But, among them, there are always the best. In this article I will cover the Top 25 Best Kali Linux tools for the beginner Penetration Tester. But if you’ve just installed Kali Linux, before you read further to this, i recommend you read here it is a good jump start into Kali.

The top 25 best Kali Linux tools I listed below, are based on functionality and also, its sequence in the Penetration Testing Cycle or procedure. If you have already followed along my earlier article in the Penetration Testing Cycle section, there are basically four procedures: Reconnaissance, Scanning, Exploitation and Post-Exploitation. Here I listed bottom to top best 25 Kali Linux tools, starting from Anonymity.

ANONYMITY

During penetration testing, it is crucial to prepare to stay anonymous. Don’t fool yourself by revealing your own identity while hacking, cover it!

25. MacChanger

There are several reasons changing the MAC address is important, I use MacChanger while pentesting a wireless network with MAC filtering enabled and have to assign an approved MAC address to the wireless adapter. Or just literally to change to a random MAC while pentesting. To use MacChanger, follow this command pattern:

~$ macchanger [options] networkDevice The options are: -h, --help Print this help -V, --version Print version and exit -s, --show Print the MAC address and exit -e, --ending Don't change the vendor bytes -a, --another Set random vendor MAC of the same kind -A Set random vendor MAC of any kind -p, --permanent Reset to original, permanent hardware MAC -r, --random Set fully random MAC -l, --list[=keyword] Print known vendors -b, --bia Pretend to be a burned-in-address -m, --mac=XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX --mac XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX Set the MAC XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX

For example, i use my WLAN1 device to connect to the network, to change the default WLAN1 MAC address fully random, i type the command:

~$ macchanger -r wlan1

24. ProxyChains

Proxychains cover and handle whatever job. Add command “proxychains” for every job, that means we enable Proxychains service. For example i want to trigger ProxyChain to cover NMAP. The command is:

~$ proxychains nmap 74.125.68.101 -v -T4

But, before you use ProxyChains, you need to configure it first, adding proxy IP and other things, see full tutorial about ProxyChains here: https://linuxhint.com/proxychains-tutorial/


INFORMATION GATHERING

23. TraceRoute

Traceroute is a computer network diagnostic tool for displaying the connection route and measuring transit delays of packets across an IP network.

22.WhatWeb

WhatWeb is a website fingerprint utility. It identifies websites including content management systems (CMS), blogging platforms, statistic/analytic packages, JavaScript libraries, web servers, and embedded devices. WhatWeb has over 1700 plugins, each to recognize something different. WhatWeb also identifies version numbers, email addresses, account IDs, web framework modules, SQL errors, and more.

21. Whois

WHOIS is a database managed by local internet registrars, it is a query and response protocol that is widely used for querying databases that store the registered users of an Internet resource, such as a domain name or an IP address block, but is also used for a wider range of other personal information about the domain owner.

20. Maltegoce (Maltego Community Edition)

Maltegoce is an intelligence gathering tool which aims to discover and collect data about the target (company or personal) and visualizes that collected data into graph for analysis. Before we are using maltegoce, first register an maltego community edition here : https://www.paterva.com/web7/community/community.php

Once your done registering, now open the terminal and type “maltegoce”. wait a brief moment for it to startup. After it finishes loading, you will be greeted by a screen asking you to login to Maltego Community Edition.

Sign in with the account you’ve just registered. After you are logged in you need to decide what type of “machine” is needed to run against the target.

  • Company Stalker (gathers reconnaisance)
  • Footprint L1 (basic reconnaisance)
  • Footprint L2 (moderate amount of reconnaisance)
  • Footprint L3 (intense and the most complete reconnaisance)

Let’s choose L3 footprint.

Enter the target domain name.

The result should look like that, it display whatever found, and visualize it in graph.

19. NMAP

Network Mapper (NMap) is a tool used for network discovery and security auditing. My favorite option in NMAP is “–script vuln” it tells NMAP to audit the security of each open port on target using NSE. For example:

~$ nmap kali.org --script vuln

To view full list of NMAP features, see the help page instead.

~$ nmap --help

18. Dirbuster / Dirb

Dirb is a tool to find hidden objects, files and directories on a website. Dirb works by launching a dictionary based attack against a web server and analyzing the response. DIRB comes with a set of preconfigured wordlists, located under /usr/share/dirb/wordlists/. To launch dirb, use the following command pattern:

~$ dirb [TARGET] [WORDLISTS_FILE] ~$ dirb http://www.site.com /usr/share/dirb/wordlists/vulns/apache.txt

VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS

17. Nikto

Nikto is webserver and web application assessment tool to find potential security issues and vulnerabilities. Nikto scans for 6700 potentially dangerous files/programs. To run Nikto, type following command:

~$ nikto -h [hostname or IP address]

WEB APPLICATION ANALYSIS

16. SQLiv

SQLiv is a simple and massive SQL injection vulnerability scanner. SQLiv is not installed by default in Kali Linux. To install it, run the following commands:

~$ git clone https://github.com/Hadesy2k/sqliv.git ~$ cd sqliv && sudo python2 setup.py -i

Once installed, just type in the terminal:

~$ sqliv -t [TARGET_URL]

15. BurpSuite

Burp Suite is a  collection of tools bundled into a single suite which performs security testing of web applications, from initial mapping and analysis of an application’s attack surface, through to finding and exploiting security vulnerabilities. The main features of Burpsuite is that it can function as an intercepting proxy (see image below). Burpsuite intercepts the traffic between a web browser and the web server.

To open burpsuite, type “burpsuite” into the terminal.

14. OWASP-ZAP

OWASP ZAP is a Java-based tool for testing web app security. It has an intuitive GUI and powerful features to do such things as fuzzing, scripting, spidering, proxying and attacking web apps. It is also extensible through a number of plugins. In this way, it is an all-in-one web app testing tool.

To open OWASP ZAP, type “owasp-zap” into the terminal.

13. HTTRACK

Httrack is a website / webpage cloner, from a penetration testing perspective, it is mainly used to create a fake website, or phising in attacker server. Run httrack wizard by typing in the terminal :

~$ httrack

You will be prompted, some configuration needed with guidance. Such as, Project name, Base path of the project, set the  URL target and the proxy configuration.

12. JoomScan & WPScan

JoomScan is a Web application analysis tool to scan and analyze Joomla CMS, while WPScan is a WordPress CMS vulnerability scanner. To check what CMS is installed on a target website, you can use either ONLINE CMS Scanner, or using additional tools, “CMSMap”. (https://github.com/Dionach/CMSmap). Once you know the target CMS, whether it is Joomla or WordPress, then you can decide to  use JoomsScan or WPScan.
Run JoomScan:

~$ joomscan -u victim.com

Run WPScan:

~$ wpscan -u victim.com



DATABASE ASSESSMENT

11. SQLMap

SQLMAP automates the process of detecting and exploiting SQL injection vulnerabilities and taking over databases. To use SQLMap, you need to find a website URL which is SQL injection vulnerable, you can find it by either using SQLiv (see list number) or using Google dork. Once you’ve got the vulnerable SQL injection URL, then open the terminal and run the following command pattern:

  1. Acquire databases list~$ sqlmap -u "[VULN SQLI URL]" --dbs
  2. Acquire tables list~$ sqlmap -u "[VULN SQLI URL]" -D [DATABASE_NAME] --tables
  3. Acquire columns list~$ sqlmap -u "[VULN SQLI URL]" -D [DATABASE_NAME] -T [TABLE_NAME] --columns
  4. Acquire the data~$ sqlmap -u "[VULN SQLI URL]" -D [DATABASE_NAME] -T [TABLE_NAME] -C [COLUMN_NAME] --dump

For example, let’s say we have vulnerable SQL injection, it is http://www.vulnsite.com/products/shop.php?id=13. And we’ve already acquired the databases, tables and columns. If we want to acquire the data, then the command is:

~$ sqlmap -u "http://www.vulnsite.com/products/shop.php?id=13" -D vulnsiteDb -T vulnsiteTable -C vulnsiteUser --dump

Mostly, the data is encrypted, we need another tool to decrypt it. Below is another procedure to get the clear text password.


PASSWORD ATTACKS

10. Hash-Identifier and findmyhash

Hash-identifier is a tool to identify the different types of hashes used to encrypt data and especially passwords. Findmyhash is a tool to crack encrypted passwords or data using online services. For example we got encrypted data:  098f6bcd4621d373cade4e832627b4f6. First thing you are going to need to do is identify the hash type. To do that, launch “hash-identifier” in terminal, and input the hash value on it.

Hash-identifier detected this decrypted data is using hash algorithm MD5. After its hash type is known, then we use another tool, findmyhash to crack the data. Now, type in the terminal:

~$ findmyhash MD5 -h 098f6bcd4621d373cade4e832627b4f6

The result would be like this:

9. Crunch

Crunch is a utility to create custom wordlists, where you can specify a standard character set or a character set you specify. crunch can generate all possible combinations and permutations.

The basic syntax for crunch looks like this:

~$ crunch <min> max<max> <characterset> -t <pattern> -o <output filename>

Now, let’s go over what’s included in the syntax above.

    • min = The minimum password length.
    • max = The maximum password length.
    • characterset = The character set to be used in generating the passwords.
    • -t <pattern> = The specified pattern of the generated passwords. For instance, if you knew that the target’s birthday was 0231 (February 31st) and you suspected they used their birthday in their password, you could generate a password list that ended with 0231 by giving crunch the pattern @@@@@@@0321. This word generate passwords up to 11 characters (7 variable and 4 fixed) long that all ended with 0321.
    • -o <outputfile> = save the wordlist into a file name given.

8. John The Ripper (OFFLINE PASSWORD CRACKING SERVICE)

John The Ripper is one of the most popular password testing and cracking programs as it combines a number of password crackers into one package, auto-detects password hash types, and includes a customization cracker. In Linux, “passwd” file located at /etc/passwd contains all user information. hash SHA encrypted password of each of the users found is stored in /etc/shadow file.

7. THC Hydra (ONLINE PASSWORD CRACKING SERVICE)

Hydra is the fastest network login cracker which supports numerous attack protocols. THC Hydra supports these protocols: Cisco AAA, Cisco auth, Cisco enable, CVS, FTP, HTTP(S)-FORM-GET, HTTP(S)-FORM-POST, HTTP(S)-GET, HTTP(S)-HEAD, HTTP-Proxy, ICQ, IMAP, IRC, LDAP, MS-SQL, MySQL, NNTP, Oracle Listener, Oracle SID, PC-Anywhere, PC-NFS, POP3, PostgreSQL, RDP, Rexec, Rlogin, Rsh, SIP, SMB(NT), SMTP, SMTP Enum, SNMP v1+v2+v3, SOCKS5, SSH (v1 and v2), SSHKEY, Subversion, Teamspeak (TS2), Telnet, VMware-Auth, VNC and XMPP.

For more depth and detail tutorial about hydra visit my previous article titled Crack Web Based Login Page With Hydra in Kali Linux (https://linuxhint.com/crack-web-based-login-page-with-hydra-in-kali-linux/)


WIRELESS ATTACK

6. Aircrack-NG Suite

Aircrack-ng is a network software suite consisting of a scanner, packet sniffer, WEP and WPA/WPA2-PSK cracker and analysis tool for 802.11 wireless LANs. Aircrack-NG suite, includes:

  • aircrack-ng Cracks WEP keys using the Fluhrer, Mantin and Shamir attack (FMS) attack, PTW attack, and dictionary attacks, and WPA/WPA2-PSK using dictionary attacks.
  • airdecap-ng Decrypts WEP or WPA encrypted capture files with known key.
  • airmon-ng Placing different cards in monitor mode.
  • aireplay-ng Packet injector (Linux, and Windows with CommView drivers).
  • airodump-ng Packet sniffer: Places air traffic into pcap or IVS files and shows information about networks.
  • airtun-ng Virtual tunnel interface creator.
  • packetforge-ng Create encrypted packets for injection.
  • ivstools Tools to merge and convert.
  • airbase-ng Incorporates techniques for attacking client, as opposed to Access Points.
  • airdecloak-ng Removes WEP cloaking from pcap files.
  • airolib-ng Stores and manages ESSID and password lists and compute Pairwise Master Keys.
  • airserv-ng Allows to access the wireless card from other computers.
  • buddy-ng The helper server for easside-ng, run on a remote computer.
  • easside-ng A tool for communicating to an access point, without the WEP key.
  • tkiptun-ng WPA/TKIP attack.
  • wesside-ng Automatic tool for recovering wep key.

5. Fluxion

Fluxion is my favorite Evil Twin Attack tool. fluxion doesn’t perform bruteforce attack to break the key. Fluxion creates a open twin AP of the target (Wi-Fi) network. When someone tries to connect to that network a fake authentication page pops up asking for key. When victim enters the key, fluxion captures that key and checks whether the key is a valid password by matching the key and the handshake. To install Fluxion, run the following commands:

~$ git clone --recursive https://github.com/FluxionNetwork/fluxion.git ~$ cd fluxion

Open the fluxion wizard by typing:

~$ ./fluxion.sh

When first run, fluxion does dependency checking, and installs them automatically. After that go a long with the fluxion wizard instructions.


EXPLOITATION TOOLS
4. Social Engineering Toolkit (SET)

The Social-Engineer Toolkit is an open-source penetration testing framework designed for Social-Engineering. SET has a number of custom attack vectors such as phishing, spear-phishing, malicious USB, mass mail, etc. This toolkit is a free product by Trustedsec.com. To start using SET, type in terminal “seetolkit”.

3. METASPLOIT FRAMEWORK

Metasploit Framework initially was intended to be a maintainable framework which automates the process of exploiting rather than manually verifying it. Metasploit is a popular framework through history, it has rich modules aimed at a variety of targets such as Unix, BSD, Apple, Windows, Android, WebServers, etc. Below, is an example usage of metasploit, exploiting Windows OS using popular NSA Exploit EternalBlue and DoublePulsar.

Video Hacking Windows using EternalBlue on MetaSploit


SNIFFING AND SPOOFING

2. WireShark

Wireshark is a very popular network analyzer tool that’s most widely used in network security auditing. Wireshark uses display filters for general packet filtering. Here are some useful filters, including filters to grab captured password.

  • Show only SMTP (port 25) and ICMP traffic:
    port eq 25 or icmp
  • Show only traffic in the LAN (192.168.x.x), between workstations and servers — no Internet:
    src==192.168.0.0/16 and ip.dst==192.168.0.0/16
  • TCP buffer full — Source is instructing Destination to stop sending data:
    window_size == 0 && tcp.flags.reset != 1
  • Match HTTP requests where the last characters in the uri are the characters “gl=se”
    request.uri matches “gl=se$”
  • Filter against particular IP
    addr == 10.43.54.65
  • Display POST request method, mostly containing user password:
    request.method == “POST”

To run Wireshark, just type “wireshark” in the terminal. It will open up a graphical user interface. First, it will ask you to set the network interface that will be used.

1. Bettercap

BetterCAP is a powerful and portable utility to perform various types of MITM attacks against a network, manipulate HTTP, HTTPS and TCP traffic in realtime, sniff for credentials and much more. BetterCAP is similar in concept as ettercap, but, in my experience comparing both features, Bettercap WON.

Bettercap is able to defeat SSL/TLS, HSTS, HSTS Preloaded. It uses SSLstrip+ and DNS server (dns2proxy) to implement partial HSTS bypass. The SSL/TLS connections are terminated. However, the downstream connection between client and attacker does not use SSL/TLS encryption and remains decrypted.

The partial HSTS bypass redirects the client from the domain name of the visited web host to a fake domain name by sending HTTP redirection request. The client is then redirected to a domain name with extra ‘w’ in www or web. in the domain name e.g. web.site.com. This way the web host is not considered as a member of HSTS preloaded hosts list and the client can access the web host without SSL/TLS. The fake domain names are then resolved to real and correct IP addresses by the special DNS server, which expects these changes in the domain names. The downside of this attack is that the client has to start the connection over HTTP due to the need of HTTP redirection. Bettercap is pre-installed on Kali Linux.

To do MitM with Bettercap, let’s see this example case. The attacker and the victim is on the same subnet in a wifi network. The victim IP is: 192.168.1.62. The Router IP is: 192.168.1.1. The attacker uses his WLAN1 wireless network interface. The attacker aims to sniff and spoof the target. So, the attacker type in command:

~$ bettercap -I wlan1 -O bettercap.log -S ARP --proxy --proxy-https --gateway 192.168.1.1 --target 192.168.1.62 -I network interface (WLAN1) -O Log all message into file named bettercap.log -S Activate spoofer module --proxy Enable HTTP proxy and redirects all HTTP requests to it --proxy-https Enable HTTPS proxy and redirects all HTTPS requests to it --gateway The router IP address --target The victims IP address, for multiple target separated by comma no space needed -P Use parser to display certain filtered message. (POST - display the POST request packets)

After the command is run, bettercap will start the ARP spoofing module, DNS server, HTTP and HTTPS proxy service. And also the victim information listed.

The victim enters the url ‘fiverr.com’ in the url tab. Bettercap detected that the victim is trying to access fiverr.com. Then, bettercap SSLStrip-ing the URL by downgrade the HTTPS protocol to HTTP and modify the URL name. As the image shown below.

The URL in the victim’s browser will look like strange, it has additional ‘w’, it is how SSLSTRIP+ and HSTS Preload bypass work.

Once the victim logs in to the log in service, bettercap captures the credentials.

POST EXPLOITATION AND….

THE BEST TOOL IN KALI LINUX!

1. METASPLOIT FRAMEWORK

I think Metasploit Framework is THE BEST TOOL in KALI LINUX. Metasploit has a lot Modules it is:

Exploit

An exploit is the method by which the attacker takes advantage of a flaw within a system, service, application etc. The attacker generally uses this to do something with the particular system/service/application which he/she is attacking which the developer/implementer never intended to do. Kind of like misusing. This is the thing which an attacker uses to gain access to a system.

Exploits are always accompanied by payloads

Payload

A payload is the piece of code which is run in the successfully exploited system. After an exploit works successfully, the framework injects the payload through the exploited vulnerability and makes it run it within the target system. Thus an attacker gets inside the system or can get data from the compromised system using the payload.

Auxiliary

Provides additional functionality like fuzzing, scanning, recon, dos attack etc. Auxiliary scans for banners or OSes, fuzzes or does a DOS attack on the target. It doesn’t inject a payload like exploits. Means you wont be able to gain access to a system using an auxiliary

Encoders

Encoders are used to obfuscate modules to avoid detection by a protection mechanism such as an antivirus or a firewall. This is widely used when we create a backdoor. The backdoor is encoded (even multiple times) and sent to the victim.

Post

These modules are used for post-exploitation. After a system has been compromised, we can dig deeper into the system, send a backdoor or set it as a pivot to attack other systems using these modules.

METASPLOIT comes with variety of interfaces:

  • msfconsole        An interactive curses like shell to do all tasks.
  • msfcli                 Calls msf functions from the terminal/cmd itself. Doesn’t change the terminal.
  • msfgui               the Metasploit Framework Graphical User Interface.
  • Armitage          Another graphical tool written in java to manage pentest performed with MSF.
  • Web Interface The web based interface provided by rapid7 for Metasploit Community.
  • CobaltStrike    another GUI with some added features for post-exploitation, reporting, etc.
Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

Kali Linux – Password Cracking Tool

Password cracking is a mechanism that is used in most of the parts of hacking. Exploitation uses it to exploit the applications by cracking their administrator or other account passwords, Information Gathering uses it when we have to get the social media or other accounts of the C.E.O. or other employees of the target organization, Wifi Hacking uses it when we have to crack the hash from the captured wifi password hash file, etc. 

So to be a good Ethical hacker one must be aware of password cracking techniques. Though it is easy to crack passwords by just using guessing techniques, it is very time consuming and less efficient so in order to automate the task, we have a lot of tools. When it comes to tools Kali Linux is the Operating System that stands first, So here we have a list of tools in Kali Linux that may be used for Password Cracking. 

1. Crunch

In order to hack a password, we have to try a lot of passwords to get the right one. When an attacker uses thousands or millions of words or character combinations to crack a password there is no surety that any one of those millions of combinations will work or not. This collection of a different combination of characters is called a wordlist. And in order to crack a password or a hash, we need to have a good wordlist which could break the password. So to do so we have a tool in Kali Linux called crunch

crunch is a wordlist generating tool that comes pre-installed with Kali Linux. It is used to generate custom keywords based on wordlists. It generates a wordlist with permutation and combination. We could use some specific patterns and symbols to generate a wordlist. 



To use crunch, enter the following command in the terminal. 

crunch

kali Linux crunch

2. RainbowCrack

Rainbow crack is a tool that uses the time-memory trade-off technique in order to crack hashes of passwords. It uses rainbow tables in order to crack hashes of passwords. It doesn’t use the traditional brute force method for cracking passwords. It generates all the possible plaintexts and computes the hashes respectively. After that, it matches hash with the hashes of all the words in a wordlist. And when it finds the matching hashes, it results in the cracked password. 

To use RainbowCrack, enter the following command in the terminal. 

rcrack

rainbowcrack

3. Burp Suite

Burp Suite is one of the most popular web application security testing software. It is used as a proxy, so all the requests from the browser with the proxy pass through it. And as the request passes through the burp suite, it allows us to make changes to those requests as per our need which is good for testing vulnerabilities like XSS or SQLi or even any vulnerability related to the web. Kali Linux comes with burp suite community edition which is free but there is a paid edition of this tool known as burp suite professional which has a lot many functions as compared to burp suite community edition. It comes with an intruder tool that automates the process of password cracking through wordlists. 



To use burp suite: 

  • Read this to learn how to setup burp suite.
  • Open terminal and type “burpsuite” there.
  • Go to the Proxy tab and turn the interceptor switch to on.
  • Now visit any URL and it could be seen that the request is captured. 

burp_suite

4. Maltego

Maltego is a platform developed to convey and put forward a clear picture of the environment that an organization owns and operates. Maltego offers a unique perspective to both network and resource-based entities which is the aggregation of information delivered all over the internet – whether it’s the current configuration of a router poised on the edge of our network or any other information, Maltego can locate, aggregate and visualize this information. It offers the user with unprecedented information which is leverage and power. 

Maltego’s Uses: 

  • It is used to exhibit the complexity and severity of single points of failure as well as trust relationships that exist currently within the scope of the infrastructure.
  • It is used in the collection of information on all security-related work. It will save time and will allow us to work more accurately and in a smarter way.
  • It aids us in thinking process by visually demonstrating interconnected links between searched items.
  • It provides a much more powerful search, giving smarter results.
  • It helps to discover “hidden” information.

To use Maltego: Go to applications menu and then select “maltego” tool to execute it.  

maltego

5. John the Ripper

John the Ripper is a great tool for cracking passwords using some famous brute for attacks like dictionary attack or custom wordlist attack etc. It is even used to crack the hashes or passwords for the zipped or compressed files and even locked files as well. It has many available options to crack hashes or passwords. 

To use John the Ripper 

  • John the ripper comes pre-installed in Kali Linux.
  • Just type “john” in the terminal to use the tool. 

john-the-ripper

 

Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

Top 10 Kali Linux Tools For Hacking

Kali Linux is a Debian-derived Linux distribution that is maintained by Offensive Security. It was developed by Mati Aharoni and Devon Kearns. Kali Linux is a specially designed OS for network analysts, Penetration testers, or in simple words, it is for those who work under the umbrella of cybersecurity and analysis.

Top-10-Kali-Linux-Tools-For-Hacking

The official website of Kali Linux is Kali.org. It gained its popularity when it was practically used in Mr. Robot Series. It was not designed for general purposes, it is supposed to be used by professionals or by those who know how to operate Linux/Kali. To know how to install Kali Linux check its official documentation.

GeeksforGeeks LIVE courses

Sometimes we have to automate our tasks while performing penetration testing or hacking as there could be thousands of conditions and payloads to test and testing them manually is a difficult task, So to increase the time efficiency we use tools that come pre-packed with Kali Linux. These tools not only saves our time but also captures the accurate data and output the specific result. Kali Linux comes packed with more than 350 tools which could be useful for hacking or penetration testing. Here we have the list of important Kali Linux tools that could save a lot of your time and effort.



1. Nmap

Nmap is an open-source network scanner that is used to recon/scan networks. It is used to discover hosts, ports, and services along with their versions over a network. It sends packets to the host and then analyzes the responses in order to produce the desired results. It could even be used for host discovery, operating system detection, or scanning for open ports. It is one of the most popular reconnaissance tools.

To use nmap:

  • Ping the host with ping command to get the IP addressping hostname
  • Open the terminal and enter the following command there:nmap -sV ipaddress
  • Replace the IP address with the IP address of the host you want to scan.
  • It will display all the captured details of the host.

    nmap11

    nmap21

To know more, you can read more from here .

2. Burp Suite

Burp Suite is one of the most popular web application security testing software. It is used as a proxy, so all the requests from the browser with the proxy pass through it. And as the request passes through the burp suite, it allows us to make changes to those requests as per our need which is good for testing vulnerabilities like XSS or SQLi or even any vulnerability related to the web.
Kali Linux comes with burp suite community edition which is free but there is a paid edition of this tool known as burp suite professional which has a lot many functions as compared to burp suite community edition.

To use burpsuite:

  • Read this to learn how to setup burp suite.
  • Open terminal and type “burpsuite” there.
  • Go to the Proxy tab and turn the interceptor switch to on.
  • Now visit any URL and it could be seen that the request is captured.

    burp_suite

3. Wireshark

Wireshark is a network security tool used to analyze or work with data sent over a network. It is used to analyze the packets transmitted over a network. These packets may have information like the source IP and the destination IP, the protocol used, the data, and some headers. The packets generally have an extension of “.pcap” which could be read using the Wireshark tool. Read thisto learn how to set up and configure Wireshark.

To use wireshark:



  • Open Wireshark and download a demo pcap file from here
  • Press”ctrl+o” to open a pcap file in wireshsark.
  • Now it can be seen that it display the list of packets along with the headers of these packets.
    Wireshark capture screen

4. metasploit Framework

Metasploit is an open-source tool that was designed by Rapid7 technologies. It is one of the world’s most used penetration testing frameworks. It comes packed with a lot of exploits to exploit the vulnerabilities over a network or operating systems. Metasploit generally works over a local network but we can use Metasploit for hosts over the internet using “port forwarding“. Basically Metasploit is a CLI based tool but it even has a GUI package called “armitage” which makes the use of Metasploit more convenient and feasible.

To use metasploit:

  • Metasploit comes pre-installed with Kali Linux
  • Just enter “msfconsole” in the terminal.

    metasploit

5. aircrack-ng

Aircrack is an all in one packet sniffer, WEP and WPA/WPA2 cracker, analyzing tool and a hash capturing tool. It is a tool used for wifi hacking. It helps in capturing the package and reading the hashes out of them and even cracking those hashes by various attacks like dictionary attacks. It supports almost all the latest wireless interfaces.

To use aircrack-ng:

  • aircrack-ng comes pre-compiled with Kali Linux.
  • Simply type aircrack-ng in the terminal to use it.

aircrack-ng

6. Netcat

Netcat is a networking tool used to work with ports and performing actions like port scanning, port listening, or port redirection. This command is even used for Network Debugging or even network daemon testing. This tool is considered as the Swiss army knife of networking tools. It could even be used to do the operating related to TCP, UDP, or UNIX-domain sockets or to open remote connections and much more.

To use netcat:

  • Netcat comes pre-installed with Kali Linux.
  • Just type “nc” or “netcat” in the terminal to use the tool.
  • To perform port listening type the following commands in 2 different terminals.nc -l -p 1234nc 127.0.0.1 1234

    using netcat command to send message between two terminals

Read this for more information ragarding netcat tool.

7. John the Ripper

John the Ripper is a great tool for cracking passwords using some famous brute for attacks like dictionary attack or custom wordlist attack etc. It is even used to crack the hashes or passwords for the zipped or compressed files and even locked files as well. It has many available options to crack hashes or passwords.



To use John the Ripper:

  • John the ripper comes pre-installed in Kali Linux.
  • Just type “john” in the terminal to use the tool.

john-the-ripper

8. sqlmap

sqlmap is one of the best tools to perform SQL injection attacks. It just automates the process of testing a parameter for SQL injection and even automates the process of exploitation of the vulnerable parameter. It is a great tool as it detects the database on its own so we just have to provide a URL to check whether the parameter in the URL is vulnerable or not, we could even use the requested file to check for POST parameters.

To use sqlmap tool:

  • sqlmap comes pre-installed in Kali Linux
  • Just type sqlmap in the terminal to use the tool.

    sqlmap

9. Autopsy

Autopsy is a digital forensics tool that is used to gather the information form forensics. Or in other words, this tool is used to investigate files or logs to learn about what exactly was done with the system. It could even be used as a recovery software to recover files from a memory card or a pen drive.

To use autopsy tool:

  • Autopsy comes pre-installed in Kali Linux
  • Just type “autopsy” in the terminal.
    autopsy1
  • Now visit http://localhost:9999/autopsy in order to use the tool.

    autopsy2

10. Social Engineering Toolkit

Social Engineering Toolkit is a collection of tools that could be used to perform social engineering attacks. These tools use and manipulate human behavior for information gathering. it is a great tool to phish the websites even.

To use Social Engineering Toolkit

  • Social Engineering Toolkit comes pre-installed with Kali Linux
  • Just type “setoolkit” in the terminal.
  • Agree to the terms and conditions to start using the social engineering toolkit.

setoolkit




Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

Kali Linux – Password Cracking Tool

Password cracking is a mechanism that is used in most of the parts of hacking. Exploitation uses it to exploit the applications by cracking their administrator or other account passwords, Information Gathering uses it when we have to get the social media or other accounts of the C.E.O. or other employees of the target organization, Wifi Hacking uses it when we have to crack the hash from the captured wifi password hash file, etc. 

So to be a good Ethical hacker one must be aware of password cracking techniques. Though it is easy to crack passwords by just using guessing techniques, it is very time consuming and less efficient so in order to automate the task, we have a lot of tools. When it comes to tools Kali Linux is the Operating System that stands first, So here we have a list of tools in Kali Linux that may be used for Password Cracking. 

1. Crunch

In order to hack a password, we have to try a lot of passwords to get the right one. When an attacker uses thousands or millions of words or character combinations to crack a password there is no surety that any one of those millions of combinations will work or not. This collection of a different combination of characters is called a wordlist. And in order to crack a password or a hash, we need to have a good wordlist which could break the password. So Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack do so we have a tool in Kali Linux called crunch

crunch is a wordlist generating tool that comes pre-installed with Kali Linux. It is used to generate custom keywords based on wordlists. It generates a wordlist with permutation and combination. We could use some specific patterns and symbols to generate a wordlist. 



To use crunch, enter the following command in the terminal. 

crunch

kali Linux crunch

2. RainbowCrack

Rainbow crack is a tool that uses the time-memory trade-off technique in order to crack hashes of passwords. It uses rainbow tables in order to crack hashes of passwords. It doesn’t use the traditional brute force method for FlashSpring Ultra 2.3.0.13 crack serial keygen passwords. It generates all the possible plaintexts and computes the hashes respectively. After that, it matches hash with the hashes of all the words in a wordlist. And when it finds the matching hashes, it results in the cracked password. 

To use RainbowCrack, enter the following command in the terminal. 

rcrack

rainbowcrack

3. Burp Suite

Burp Suite is one of the most popular web application security testing software. It is used as a proxy, so all the requests from the browser with the proxy pass through it. And as the request passes through the burp suite, it allows us to make changes to those requests as per our need which is good for testing vulnerabilities like XSS or SQLi or even any vulnerability related to the web, Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack. Kali Linux comes with burp suite community edition which is free but there is a paid edition of this tool known as burp suite professional which has a lot many functions as compared to burp suite community edition. It comes with an intruder tool that automates the process of password cracking through wordlists. 



To use burp suite: 

  • Read this to learn how to setup burp suite.
  • Open terminal and type “burpsuite” there.
  • Go to the Proxy tab and turn the interceptor switch to on.
  • Now visit any URL and it could be seen that the request is captured. 

burp_suite

4. Maltego

Maltego is a platform developed to convey and put forward a clear picture of the environment that an organization owns and operates. Maltego offers a unique perspective to both network and resource-based entities which is the aggregation of information delivered all over the internet – whether it’s Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack current configuration of a router poised on the edge of our network or any other information, Maltego can locate, aggregate and visualize this information. It offers the user with unprecedented information which is leverage and power. 

Maltego’s Uses: 

  • It is used to exhibit the complexity and severity of single points of failure as well as trust relationships that exist currently within the scope of the infrastructure.
  • It is used in the collection of information on all security-related work. It will save time and will allow us to work more accurately and in a Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack way.
  • It aids us in thinking process by visually demonstrating interconnected links between searched items.
  • It provides a much more powerful search, giving smarter results.
  • It helps to discover “hidden” information.

To use Maltego: Go to applications menu and then select “maltego” tool to execute it.  

maltego

5. John the Ripper

John the Ripper is a great tool for cracking passwords using some famous brute for attacks like dictionary attack or custom wordlist attack etc. It is even used to crack the hashes or passwords for the zipped or compressed files and even locked files as well. It has many available options to crack hashes or passwords. 

To use John the Ripper 

  • John the ripper comes pre-installed in Kali Linux.
  • Just type “john” in the terminal to use the tool. 

john-the-ripper

 

Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

10 most popular password cracking tools [updated 2020]

Passwords are the most commonly used method for user authentication. Passwords are so popular because the logic behind them makes sense to people and they’re relatively easy for developers to implement.

However, passwords can also introduce security vulnerabilities. Password crackers are designed to take credential data stolen in a data breach or other hack and extract passwords from it.

What is password cracking?

A well-designed password-based authentication system doesn’t store a user’s actual password. This would make it far too easy for a hacker or a malicious insider to gain access to all of the user accounts on the system.

Instead, authentication systems store a password hash, which is the result of sending the password — and a random value called a salt — through a hash function. Hash functions are designed to be one-way, meaning that it is very difficult to determine the input that produces a given output. Since hash functions are also deterministic (meaning that the same input produces the same output), comparing two password hashes (the stored one and the hash of the password provided by a user) is almost as good as comparing the real passwords.

Password cracking refers to the process of extracting passwords from the associated password hash. This can be accomplished in a few different ways:

  • Dictionary attack: Most people use weak and common passwords. Taking a list of words and adding a few permutations — like substituting $ for s — enables a password cracker to learn a lot of passwords very quickly.
  • Brute-force guessing attack: There are only so many potential passwords of a given length. While slow, Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack brute-force attack (trying all possible password combinations) guarantees that an attacker will crack the password eventually.
  • Hybrid attack: A hybrid attack mixes these two techniques. It starts by checking to see if a password can be cracked using a dictionary attack, then moves on to a brute-force attack if it is unsuccessful.

Most password-cracking or password finder tools enable a hacker to perform any of these types of attacks. This post describes some of the most commonly used password-cracking tools.

1. Hashcat

Hashcat is one of the most popular and widely used password crackers in existence. It is available on every operating system and supports over 300 different types of hashes.

Hashcat enables highly-parallelized password cracking with the ability to crack multiple different passwords on multiple different devices at the same time and the ability to support a distributed hash-cracking system via overlays. Cracking is optimized with integrated performance tuning and temperature monitoring.

Download Hashcat here.

2. John the Ripper

John the Ripper is a well-known free open-source password cracking tool for Linux, Unix and Mac OS X. A Windows version is also available. 

John the Ripper offers password cracking for a variety of different password types. It goes beyond OS passwords to include common web apps (like WordPress), compressed archives, Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack, document files (Microsoft Office files, PDFs and so on), and more.

A pro version of the tool is also available, which offers better features and native packages for target operating systems. You can also download Openwall GNU/*/Linux that comes with John the Ripper.

Download John the Ripper Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack. Brutus

Brutus is one of the most popular remote online password-cracking tools. It claims to be the fastest and most flexible password cracking tool. This tool is free and is only available for Windows systems. It was released back in October 2000.

Brutus supports a number of different authentication types, including:

  • HTTP (basic authentication)
  • HTTP (HTML Form/CGI)
  • POP3
  • FTP
  • SMB
  • Telnet
  • IMAP
  • NNTP
  • NetBus
  • Custom protocols

It is also capable of supporting multi-stage authentication protocols and can attack up to sixty different targets in parallel. It also offers the ability to pause, resume and import an attack.

Brutus has not been updated for several years. However, its support for a wide variety of authentication protocols and ability to add custom modules make it a popular tool for online password cracking attacks.

Get the Brutus password finder online here.

4. Wfuzz

Wfuzz is a web application password-cracking tool like Brutus that tries to crack passwords via a brute-force guessing attack. It can also be used to find hidden resources like directories, servlets and scripts. Wfuzz can also identify injection vulnerabilities within an application such as SQL injection, XSS injection and LDAP injection.

Key features of the Wfuzz password-cracking tool include:

  • Injection at multiple points in multiple directories
  • Output in colored HTML
  • Post, headers and authentication data brute-forcing
  • Proxy and SOCK support, multiple proxy support
  • Multi-threading
  • HTTP password brute-force via GET or POST requests
  • Time delay between requests
  • Cookie fuzzing

5. THC Hydra

THC Hydra is an online password-cracking tool that attempts to determine user credentials via brute-force password guessing attack. It is available for Windows, Linux, Free BSD, Solaris and OS X.

THC Hydra is extensible with the ability to easily install new modules. It also supports a number of network protocols, including Asterisk, AFP, Cisco AAA, Cisco auth, Cisco enable, CVS, Firebird, FTP, HTTP-FORM-GET, HTTP-FORM-POST, HTTP-GET, HTTP-HEAD, HTTP-PROXY, HTTPS-FORM-GET, HTTPS-FORM-POST, HTTPS-GET, Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack, HTTP-Proxy, ICQ, IMAP, IRC, LDAP, MS-SQL, MYSQL, NCP, NNTP, Oracle Listener, Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack, Oracle SID, Oracle, PC-Anywhere, PCNFS, POP3, POSTGRES, RDP, Rexec, Rlogin, Rsh, SAP/R3, SIP, SMB, SMTP, SMTP Enum, SNMP, SOCKS5, SSH (v1 and v2), Subversion, Teamspeak (TS2), Telnet, VMware-Auth, VNC and XMPP.

Download THC Hydra here. 

If you are a developer, you can also contribute to the tool’s development.

6. Medusa

Medusa is an online password-cracking tool similar to THC Hydra. It claims to be a speedy parallel, modular and login brute-forcing tool. It supports HTTP, FTP, CVS, AFP, Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack, IMAP, MS SQL, MYSQL, Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack, NCP, NNTP, POP3, PostgreSQL, pcAnywhere, rlogin, SMB, rsh, SMTP, SNMP, SSH, SVN, VNC, VmAuthd and Telnet.

Medusa is a command-line tool, so some level of command-line knowledge is necessary to use it. Password-cracking speed depends on network connectivity. On a local system, it can test 2,000 passwords per minute.

Medusa also supports parallelized attacks. In addition to a wordlist of passwords to try, Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack, it is also possible to define a list of usernames or email addresses to test during an attack.

Read more about this here.

Download Medusa here.

7. RainbowCrack

All password-cracking is subject to a time-memory tradeoff. If an attacker has precomputed a table of password/hash pairs and stored them as a “rainbow table,” then the password-cracking process is simplified to a table lookup. This threat is why passwords are now salted: adding a unique, random value to every password before hashing it means that the number of rainbow tables required is much larger.

RainbowCrack is a password cracking tool designed to work using rainbow tables. It is possible to generate custom rainbow tables or take advantage of preexisting ones downloaded from the internet. RainbowCrack offers free downloads of rainbow tables for the LANMAN, NTLM, MD5 and SHA1 password systems.

Download rainbow tables here.

A few paid rainbow tables are also available, which you can buy from here.

This tool is available for both Windows and Linux systems.

Download RainbowCrack here.

8. OphCrack

OphCrack is a free rainbow table-based password cracking tool for Windows. It is the most popular Windows password cracking tool but can also be used on Linux and Mac systems. It cracks LM and NTLM hashes. For cracking Windows XP, Vista and Windows 7, free rainbow tables are also available.

A live CD of OphCrack is also available to simplify the cracking. One can use the Live CD of OphCrack to crack Windows-based passwords. This tool is available for free.

Download OphCrack here.

Download free and premium rainbow tables for OphCrack here.

9. L0phtCrack

L0phtCrack is an alternative to OphCrack. It attempts to crack Windows passwords from hashes. For cracking passwords, it uses Windows workstations, network servers, primary domain controllers and Active Directory. It also uses dictionary and brute-force attacks for generating and Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack passwords. It was acquired by Symantec and discontinued in 2006. Later, L0pht developers again reacquired it and launched L0phtCrack in 2009.

L0phtCrack also comes with the ability to scan routine password security scans. One can set daily, weekly or monthly audits, and it will start scanning at the scheduled time.

Learn about L0phtCrack here.

10. Aircrack-ng

Aircrack-ng is a Wi-Fi password-cracking tool that can crack WEP or WPA/WPA2 PSK passwords. It analyzes wireless encrypted packets and then tries to crack passwords via the dictionary attacks and the PTW, FMS and other cracking algorithms. It is available for Linux and Windows systems. A live CD of Aircrack is also available.

Aircrack-ng tutorials are available here.

Download Aircrack-ng here.

How to create a password that’s hard to crack

In this post, we have listed 10 password-cracking tools. These tools try to crack passwords with different password-cracking algorithms. Most of the password cracking tools are available for free. So, Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack, you should always try to have a strong password that is hard to crack. These are a few tips you can try while creating a password.

  • The longer the password, the harder it is to crack: Password length is the most important factor. The complexity of a brute force password guessing attack grows exponentially with the length of the password. A random seven-character password can be cracked in minutes, while a ten-character one takes hundreds of years.
  • Always use a combination of characters, numbers and special characters: Using a variety of characters also makes brute-force password-guessing more difficult, since it means that crackers need to try a wider variety of options for each character of the password. Incorporate numbers and special characters and not just at the end of the password or as a letter substitution (like @ for a).
  • Variety in passwords: Credential stuffing attacks use bots to test if passwords stolen from one online account are also used for other accounts. A data breach at a tiny company could compromise a bank account if the same credentials are used, Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack. Use a long, random, and unique password for all online accounts.

What to avoid while selecting your password

Cybercriminals and password cracker developers know all of the “clever” tricks that people use to create their passwords. A few common password mistakes that should be avoided include:

  1. Using a dictionary word: Dictionary attacks are designed to test every word in the dictionary (and common permutations) in seconds.
  2. Using personal information: A pet’s name, relative’s name, birthplace, favorite sport and so on are all dictionary words. Even if they weren’t, tools exist to grab this information from social media and build a wordlist from it for an attack.
  3. Using patterns: Passwords like 1111111, 12345678, qwerty and asdfgh are some of the most commonly used ones in existence. They’re also included in every password cracker’s wordlist.
  4. Using character substitutions: Character substitutions like 4 for A and $ for S are well-known. Dictionary attacks test for these substitutions automatically.
  5. Using numbers and special characters only at the end: Most people put their required numbers and special characters at the end of the password. These patterns are built into password crackers.
  6. Using common passwords: Every year, companies like Splashdata publish lists of the most commonly used passwords. They create these lists by cracking breached passwords, just like an attacker would. Never use the passwords on these lists or anything like them.
  7. Using anything but a random password: Passwords should be long, random, and unique. Use a password manager to securely generate and store passwords for online accounts.

Conclusion

Password-cracking tools are designed to take the password hashes leaked during a data breach or stolen using an attack and extract the original passwords from them. They accomplish this by taking advantage of the use of weak passwords or by trying every potential password of a given length.

Password finders can be used for a variety of different purposes, not all of them bad. While they’re commonly used by cybercriminals, security teams can also use them to audit the strength of their users’ passwords and assess the risk of weak passwords to the organization.

Posted: September 25, 2020

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Howard Poston is a cybersecurity researcher with a background in blockchain, cryptography and malware analysis. He has a master's degree in Cyber Operations from the Air Force Institute of Technology and two years of experience in cybersecurity research and development at Sandia National Labs. He currently works as a freelance consultant providing training and content creation for cyber and blockchain security.

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Cain and Abel (software)

Password recovery software

Not to be confused with CAINE Linux in the List of digital forensics tools.

Cain and Abel (often abbreviated to Cain) was a password recovery tool for Microsoft Windows. It could recover many kinds of passwords using methods such as network packet sniffing, cracking various password hashes by using methods such as dictionary attacks, Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack, brute force and cryptanalysis attacks.[1] Cryptanalysis attacks were done via rainbow tables which could be generated with the winrtgen.exe program provided with Cain and Abel.[2] Cain and Abel was maintained by Massimiliano Montoro[3] and Sean Babcock.

Features[edit]

Status with virus scanners[edit]

Some virus scanners (and browsers, Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack, e.g. Google Chrome 20.0.1132.47) detect Cain and Abel as malware, Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack.

Avast! detects it as "Win32:Cain-B [Tool]" and classifies it as "Other potentially dangerous program",[4] while Microsoft Security Essentials detects it as "Win32/Cain!4_9_14" and classifies it as "Tool: This program has potentially unwanted behavior." Even if Cain's install directory, as well as the word "Cain", are added to Avast's exclude list, the real-time scanner has been known to stop Cain from functioning. However, the latest version of Avast no longer blocks Cain.

Symantec (the developer of the Norton family of computer security software) identified a buffer overflowvulnerability in version 4.9.24 that allowed for remote code execution in the event the application was used to open a large RDP file, as might occur when using the program to analyze network traffic.[5] The vulnerability had been present in the previous version (4.9.23) as well[6] and was patched in a subsequent release.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

Exploit Database

Offensive Security Mixcraft 9 Crack 2021 [Win/Mac] Latest Free Download Exploit Database is maintained by Offensive Security, an information security training company that provides various Information Security Certifications as well as high end penetration testing services, Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack. The Exploit Database is a non-profit project that is provided as a public service by Offensive Security.

The Exploit Database is a CVE compliant archive of public exploits and corresponding vulnerable software, developed for use by penetration testers and vulnerability researchers. Our aim is to serve Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack the most comprehensive collection of exploits gathered through direct submissions, mailing lists, as well as other public sources, and present them in a freely-available and easy-to-navigate database. The Exploit Database is a repository for exploits and proof-of-concepts rather than advisories, making it a valuable resource for those who need actionable data right away.

The Google Hacking Database (GHDB) is a categorized index of Internet search engine queries designed to uncover interesting, and usually sensitive, information made publicly available on the Internet. In most cases, Genymotion 3.0.4 free download Archives this information was never meant to be made public but due to any number of factors this information was linked in a web document that was crawled by a search engine that subsequently followed that link and indexed the sensitive information.

The process known as “Google Hacking” was popularized in 2000 by Johnny Long, a professional hacker, who began cataloging these queries in Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack database known as the Google Hacking Database. His initial efforts were amplified by countless hours of community member effort, documented in the book Google Hacking For Penetration Testers and popularised by a barrage of media attention and Johnny’s talks on the subject such as this early talk Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack recorded at DEFCON 13. Johnny coined the term “Googledork” to refer to “a foolish or inept person as revealed by Google“. This was meant to draw attention to the fact that this was not a “Google problem” but rather the result of an often unintentional misconfiguration on the part of a user or a program installed by the user. Over time, the term “dork” became shorthand for a search query that located sensitive information and “dorks” were included with may web application vulnerability releases to show examples of vulnerable web sites.

After nearly a decade of hard work by the community, Johnny turned the GHDB over to Offensive Security in November 2010, and it is now maintained as an extension of the Exploit Database. Today, Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack, the GHDB includes searches for other online search engines such as Bing, and other online repositories like GitHub, producing different, yet equally valuable results.

Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

Top 10 Kali Linux Tools For Hacking

Kali Linux is a Debian-derived Linux distribution that is maintained by Offensive Security. It was developed by Mati Aharoni and Devon Kearns. Kali Linux is a specially designed OS for network analysts, Penetration testers, or in simple words, it is for those who work under the umbrella of cybersecurity and analysis.

Top-10-Kali-Linux-Tools-For-Hacking

The official website of Kali Linux is Kali.org. It gained its popularity when it was practically used in Mr, Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack. Robot Series. It was not designed for general purposes, it is supposed to be used by professionals or by those who know how to operate Linux/Kali. To know how to install Kali Linux check its official documentation.

GeeksforGeeks LIVE courses

Sometimes we have to automate our tasks while performing penetration testing or hacking as there could be thousands of conditions and payloads to test and testing them manually is a difficult Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack, So to increase the time efficiency we use tools that come pre-packed with Kali Linux. These tools not only saves our time but also captures the accurate data and output the specific result. Kali Linux comes packed with more than 350 tools which could be useful for hacking or penetration testing. Here we have the list of important Kali Linux tools that could save a lot of your time and effort.



1. Nmap

Nmap is an open-source network scanner that is used to recon/scan networks. It is used to discover hosts, ports, and services along with their versions over a network. It sends packets to the host and then analyzes the responses in order to produce the desired results. It could even be used for host discovery, operating system detection, or scanning for open ports. It is one of the most popular reconnaissance tools.

To use nmap:

  • Ping the host with ping command to get the IP addressping hostname
  • Open the terminal and enter the following command there:nmap -sV ipaddress
  • Replace the IP address with the IP address of the host you want to scan.
  • It will display all the captured details of the host.

    nmap11

    nmap21

To know more, you can read more from here .

2. Burp Suite

Burp Suite is one of the most popular web application security testing software. It is used as a proxy, so all the requests from the browser with the proxy pass through it. And as the request passes through kaspersky anti virus 2010 chinese version must download kaspersky chin burp suite, it allows us to make changes to those requests as per our need which is good for testing vulnerabilities like XSS or SQLi or even any vulnerability related to the web.
Kali Linux comes with burp suite community edition which is free but there is a paid edition of this tool known as burp suite professional which has a lot many functions as compared to burp suite community edition.

To use burpsuite:

  • Read this to learn how to setup burp suite.
  • Open terminal and type “burpsuite” there.
  • Go to the Proxy tab and turn the interceptor switch to on.
  • Now visit any URL and it could be seen that the request is captured.

    burp_suite

3. Wireshark

Wireshark is a network security tool used to analyze or work with data sent over a network. It is used to analyze the packets transmitted over a network. These packets may have information like the source IP and the destination IP, the protocol used, the data, and some headers. The packets generally have an extension of “.pcap” which could be read using the Wireshark tool. Read thisto learn how to set up and configure Wireshark.

To use wireshark:



  • Open Wireshark and download a demo pcap file from here
  • Press”ctrl+o” to open a pcap file in wireshsark.
  • Now it can be seen that it display the list of packets along with the headers of these packets.
    Wireshark capture screen

4, Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack. metasploit Framework

Metasploit is an open-source tool that was designed by Rapid7 technologies. It is one of the world’s most used penetration testing frameworks. It comes packed with a lot of exploits to exploit the vulnerabilities over a network or operating systems. Metasploit generally works over a local network but we can use Metasploit for hosts over the internet using “port forwarding“. Basically Metasploit is a CLI based tool but it even has a GUI package called “armitage” which makes the use of Metasploit more convenient and feasible.

To use metasploit:

  • Metasploit comes pre-installed with Kali Linux
  • Just enter “msfconsole” in the terminal.

    metasploit

5. aircrack-ng

Aircrack is an all in one packet sniffer, WEP and WPA/WPA2 cracker, analyzing tool and a hash capturing tool. It is a tool used for wifi hacking. It helps in capturing the package and reading the hashes out of them and even cracking those hashes by various attacks like dictionary attacks. It supports almost all the latest wireless interfaces.

To use aircrack-ng:

  • aircrack-ng comes pre-compiled with Kali Linux.
  • Simply type aircrack-ng in the terminal to use it.

aircrack-ng

6. Netcat

Netcat is a networking tool used to work with ports and performing actions like port scanning, port listening, Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack port redirection. This command is even used for Network Debugging or even network daemon testing. This tool is considered as the Swiss army knife of networking tools. It could even be used to do the operating related to TCP, UDP, or UNIX-domain sockets or to open remote connections and much more.

To use netcat:

  • Netcat comes pre-installed with Kali Linux.
  • Just type “nc” or “netcat” in the terminal to use the tool.
  • To perform port listening type the following commands in 2 different terminals.nc -l -p 1234nc 127.0.0.1 1234

    using netcat command to send message between two terminals

Read this for more information ragarding netcat tool.

7. John the Ripper

John the Ripper is a great tool for cracking passwords using some famous brute for attacks like dictionary attack or custom wordlist attack etc. It is even used to crack the hashes or passwords for the zipped or compressed files and even locked files as well. It has many available options to crack hashes or passwords.



To use John the Ripper:

  • John the ripper comes pre-installed in Kali Linux.
  • Just type “john” in the terminal to use the tool.

john-the-ripper

8. sqlmap

sqlmap is one of the best tools to perform SQL injection attacks. It just automates the process of testing a parameter for SQL injection and even automates the process of exploitation of the vulnerable parameter. It is a great tool as it detects the database on its own so we just have to provide a URL to check whether the parameter in the URL is vulnerable or not, we could even use the requested file to check for POST parameters.

To use sqlmap tool:

  • sqlmap comes pre-installed in Kali Linux
  • Just type sqlmap in the terminal to use the tool.

    sqlmap

9. Autopsy

Autopsy is a digital forensics tool that is used to gather the information form forensics. Or in other words, this tool is used to investigate files or logs to learn about what exactly was done with the system. It could even be used as a recovery software to recover files from a memory card or a pen drive.

To use autopsy tool:

  • Autopsy comes pre-installed in Kali Linux
  • Just type “autopsy” in the terminal.
    autopsy1
  • Now visit http://localhost:9999/autopsy in order to use the tool.

    autopsy2

10. Social Engineering Toolkit

Social Engineering Toolkit is a collection of tools that could be used to perform social engineering attacks. These tools use and manipulate human behavior for information gathering. it is a great tool to phish the websites even.

To use Social Engineering Toolkit

  • Social Engineering Toolkit comes pre-installed with Kali Linux
  • Just type “setoolkit” in the terminal.
  • Agree to the terms and conditions to start using the social engineering toolkit.

setoolkit




Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

21 Best Kali Linux Tools for Hacking and Penetration Testing

Here’s our list of best Kali Linux tools that will allow you to assess the security of web-servers and help in performing hacking and pen-testing.

If you read the Kali Linux review, you know why it is Lumion Pro 10 serial key Archives one of the best Linux distributions for hacking and pen-testing and rightly so. It comes baked in with a lot of tools to make it easier for you to test, hack, and for anything else related to digital forensics.

It is one of the most recommended Linux distro for ethical hackers. Even if you are not a hacker but a webmaster Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack you can still utilize some of the tools to easily run a scan of your web server or web page.

In either case, no matter what your purpose is – we shall take a look at some of the best Kali Linux tools that you should be using.

Note that not all tools mentioned here are open source.

Top Kali Linux Tools for Hacking and Penetration Testing

Kali Linux Tools

There are several types of tools that comes pre-installed. If you do not find a tool installed, simply download it and set it up. It’s easy.

1. Nmap

Kali Linux Nmap

Nmap or “Network Mapper” is one of the most popular tools on Kali Linux for information gathering. In other words, to get insights about the host, its IP address, OS detection, and similar network security details (like the number of open ports and what they are).

It also offers features for firewall evasion and spoofing.

2. Lynis

Lynis Kali Linux Tool

Lynis is a powerful tool for security auditing, compliance testing, and system hardening. Of course, you can also utilize this for vulnerability detection and penetration testing as well.

It will scan the system according to the components it detects. For example, if it detects Apache – it will run Apache-related tests for pin point information.

3. WPScan

Wpscan Kali Linux

WordPress is one of the best open source CMS and this would be the best free WordPress security auditing tool. It’s free but not open source.

If you want to know whether a WordPress blog is vulnerable in some way, WPScan is your friend.

In addition, it also gives you details of the plugins active. Of course, a well-secured blog may not give you a lot of details, but it is still the best tool for WordPress security scans to find potential vulnerabilities.

4. Aircrack-ng

Aircrack Ng Kali Linux Tool

Aircrack-ng is a collection of tools to assess WiFi network security. It isn’t just limited to monitor and get insights – but it also includes the ability to compromise a network (WEP, WPA 1, and WPA 2).

If you forgot the password of your own WiFi network – you can try using this to regain access. It also includes a variety of wireless attacks with which you can target/monitor a WiFi network to enhance its security.

5. Hydra

Hydra Kali Linux

If you are looking for an interesting tool to crack login/password pairs, Hydra will be one of the best Kali Linux tools that comes pre-installed.

It may not be speedify full Archives maintained anymore – but it is now on GitHub, so you can contribute working on it as well.

6. Wireshark

Wireshark Network Analyzer

Wireshark is the most popular network analyzer that comes baked in with Kali Linux, Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack. It can be categorized as one of the best Kali Linux tools for network sniffing as Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack is being actively maintained, so I would definitely recommend trying this out. And it’s really easy to install Wireshark on Linux.

7. Metasploit Framework

Metasploit Framework

Metsploit Framework is the most used penetration testing framework. It offers two editions – one (open source) and the second is the pro version to it. With this tool, you can verify vulnerabilities, test known exploits, and perform a complete security assessment.

Of course, Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack, the free version won’t have all the features, so if you are into serious stuff, you should compare the editions here.

8. Skipfish

Skipfish Kali Linux Tool

Similar to WPScan, but not just focused for WordPress. Skipfish is a web application scanner that would give you insights for almost every type of web applications, Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack. It’s fast and easy to use. In addition, its recursive crawl method makes it even better.

For professional web application security assessments, the report generated by Skipfish will come in handy.

9. Maltego

Maltego

Maltego is an impressive data mining tool to analyze information online and connect the dots (if any). As per the information, it creates a directed graph to help analyze the link between those pieces of data, Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack.

Do note, that this isn’t an open source tool.

It comes pre-installed, however, you will have to sign up in order to select which edition you want to use. If you want for personal use, the community edition will suffice (you just need to register for an account) but if you want to utilize for commercial purpose, you need the subscription to the classic or XL version.

10. Nessus

Nessus

If you have a computer connected to a network, Nessus can help find vulnerabilities that a potential attacker may take advantage how to crack god of war. Of course, if you are an administrator for multiple computers connected to a network, you can make use of it and secure those computers.

However, this is not a free tool anymore, you can try it free for 7 days on from its official website.

11. Burp Suite Scanner

Burp Suite Community Edition

Burp Suite Scanner is a fantastic web security analysis tool. Unlike other web application security scanner, Burp offers a GUI and quite a few advanced tools.

However, the community edition restricts the features to only some essential manual tools. For professionals, you will have to consider upgrading. Similar to the previous tool, this isn’t open source either.

I’ve used the free version, but if you want more details on it, you should check out the features available bandicut key Archives their official website.

12. BeEF

Beef Framework

BeEF (Browser Exploitation Framework) is yet another impressive tool. It has been tailored for penetration testers to assess the security of a web browser.

This is one of the best Kali Linux tools because a lot of users do want to know and fix the client-side problems when talking about web security.

13. Apktool

Apktool

Apktool is indeed one of the popular tools found on Kali Linux for reverse engineering Android apps. Of course, you should make good use of it – for educational purposes.

With this tool, you can experiment some stuff yourself and let the original developer know about your idea as well. What do you think you’ll be using it for?

14. sqlmap

Sqlmap

If you were looking for an open source penetration testing tool – sqlmap is one of the best. It automates the process of exploiting SQL injection flaws and helps you take over database servers.

15. John the Ripper

John The Ripper

John the Ripper is a popular password cracker tool available on Kali Linux. It’s free and open source as well. But, if you are not interested in the community-enhanced version, you can choose the pro version for commercial use.

16. Snort

Want real-time traffic analysis and packet logging capability? Snort has got your back. Even being an open source intrusion prevention system, it has a lot to offer.

The official website mentions the procedure to get it installed if you don’t have Rsearch Software Archives - Kali Software Crack already.

17. Autopsy Forensic Browser

Autopsy Forensic Browser

Autopsy is a digital forensic tool to investigate what happened on your computer. Well, you can also use it to recover images from SD card. It is also being used by law enforcement officials. You can read the documentation to explore what you can do with it.

You should also check out their GitHub page.

18. King Phisher

King Phisher

Phishing attacks are very common nowadays. And, King Phisher tool helps test, and promote user awareness by simulating real-world phishing attacks. For obvious reasons, you will need permission to simulate it on a server content of an organization.

19. Nikto

Nikto

Nikto is a powerful web server scanner – that makes it one of the best Kali Linux tools available. It checks in against potentially dangerous files/programs, outdated versions of server, and many more things.

20. Yersinia

Nesting cut keygen,serial,crack,generator,unlock,key is an interesting WinToUSB Enterprise 5.8 Download Crack/Patch/Keygen Free Download 2021 to perform Layer 2 attacks (Layer 2 refers to the data link layer of OSI model) on a network. Of course, if you want a network to be secure, you will have to consider all the seven layers. However, this tool focuses on Layer 2 and a variety of network protocols that include STP, CDP, DTP, and so on.

21. Social Engineering Toolkit (SET)

Social Engineering Toolkit

If you are Ulead Video Studio Plus 11.5 crack serial keygen pretty serious penetration testing stuff, this should be one of the best tools you should check out. Social engineering is a big deal and with SET tool, you can help protect against such attacks.

Wrapping Up

There’s actually a lot of tools that comes bundled with Kali Linux. Do refer to Kali Linux’ official tool listing page to find them all.

You will find some of them to be completely free and open source while some to be proprietary solutions (yet free). However, for commercial purpose, you should always opt for the premium editions.

We might have missed one of your favorite Kali Linux tools. Did Latency Optimizer crack serial keygen Let us know about it in the comments section below.


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