Package - webpack

Octoplus FRP Tool v1.3.7.1 Archives

Octoplus FRP Tool v1.3.7.1 Archives

storycall.us , as used in Cisco Secure ACS Unix and possibly other products, allows remote attackers to read arbitrary files by prepending several / (slash). Section VI - Earthwork. 1. General. Attention is directed to the provisions of Section 19 entitled “Earthwork” of the. Standard Specifications. CVE, A vulnerability exists in The EdgeMax EdgeSwitch firmware Octoplus FRP Tool v1.3.7.1 Archives - remarkable Lenovo []
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  • التحديث الجديد Aqua-Dongle V - MTK Helio
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  • التحديث الجديد Chimera Tool
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    Источник: [storycall.us]

    Table of Contents

    1. Install
    2. Introduction
    3. Concepts
    4. Contributing
    5. Support
    6. Core Team
    7. Sponsoring
    8. Premium Partners
    9. Other Backers and Sponsors
    10. Gold Sponsors
    11. Silver Sponsors
    12. Bronze Sponsors
    13. Backers
    14. Special Thanks

    Install

    Install with npm:

    Install with yarn:

    Introduction

    Webpack is a bundler for modules. The main purpose is to bundle JavaScript files for usage in a browser, yet it is also capable of transforming, bundling, or packaging just about any resource or asset.

    TL;DR

    • Bundles ES Modules, CommonJS, and AMD modules (even combined).
    • Can create a single bundle or multiple chunks that are asynchronously loaded at runtime (to reduce initial loading time).
    • Dependencies are resolved during compilation, reducing the runtime size.
    • Loaders can preprocess files while compiling, e.g. TypeScript to JavaScript, Handlebars strings to compiled functions, images to Base64, etc.
    • Highly modular plugin system to do whatever else your application requires.

    Get Started

    Check out webpack's quick Get Started guide and the other guides.

    Browser Compatibility

    Webpack supports all browsers that are ES5-compliant (IE8 and below are not supported). Webpack also needs for and . If you want to support older browsers, you will need to load a polyfill before using these expressions.

    Concepts

    Plugins

    Webpack has a rich plugin interface. Most of the features within webpack itself use this plugin interface. This makes webpack very flexible.

    Loaders

    Webpack enables the use of loaders to preprocess files. This allows you to bundle any static resource way beyond JavaScript. You can easily write your own loaders using storycall.us

    Loaders are activated by using prefixes in statements, or are automatically applied via regex from your webpack configuration.

    Files

    NameStatusInstall SizeDescription
    val-loaderval-npmval-sizeExecutes code as module and considers exports as JS code

    JSON

    NameStatusInstall SizeDescription
    cson-npmcson-sizeLoads and transpiles a CSON file

    Transpiling

    Templating

    Styling

    Frameworks

    Performance

    Webpack uses async I/O and has multiple caching levels. This makes webpack fast and incredibly fast on incremental compilations.

    Module Formats

    Webpack supports ES+, CommonJS and AMD modules out of the box. It performs clever static analysis on the AST of your code. It even has an evaluation engine to evaluate simple expressions. This allows you to support most existing libraries out of the box.

    Code Splitting

    Webpack allows you to split your codebase into multiple chunks. Chunks are loaded asynchronously at runtime. This reduces the initial loading time.

    Optimizations

    Webpack can do many optimizations to reduce the output size of your JavaScript by deduplicating frequently used modules, minifying, and giving you full control of what is loaded initially and what is loaded at runtime through code splitting. It can also make your code chunks cache friendly by using hashes.

    Contributing

    We want contributing to webpack to be fun, enjoyable, and educational for anyone, and everyone. We have a vibrant ecosystem that spans beyond this single repo. We welcome you to check out any of the repositories in our organization or webpack-contrib organization which houses all of our loaders and plugins.

    Contributions go far beyond pull requests and commits. Although we love giving you the opportunity to put your stamp on webpack, we also are thrilled to receive a variety of other contributions including:

    To get started have a look at our documentation on contributing.

    If you are worried or don't know where to start, you can always reach out to Sean Larkin (@TheLarkInn) on Twitter or simply submit an issue and a maintainer can help give you guidance!

    We have also started a series on our Medium Publication called The Contributor's Guide to webpack. We welcome you to read it and post any questions or responses if you still need help.

    Looking to speak about webpack? We'd love to review your talk abstract/CFP! You can email it to webpack [at] opencollective [dot] com and we can give pointers or tips!!!

    Creating your own plugins and loaders

    If you create a loader or plugin, we would <3 for you to open source it, and put it on npm. We follow the , naming convention.

    Support

    We consider webpack to be a low-level tool used not only individually but also layered beneath other awesome tools. Because of its flexibility, webpack isn't always the easiest entry-level solution, however we do believe it is the most powerful. That said, we're always looking for ways to improve and simplify the tool without compromising functionality. If you have any ideas on ways to accomplish this, we're all ears!

    If you're just getting started, take a look at our new docs and concepts page. This has a high level overview that is great for beginners!!

    Looking for webpack 1 docs? Please check out the old wiki, but note that this deprecated version is no longer supported.

    If you want to discuss something or just need help, here is our Gitter room where there are always individuals looking to help out!

    If you are still having difficulty, we would love for you to post a question to StackOverflow with the webpack tag. It is much easier to answer questions that include your storycall.us and relevant files! So if you can provide them, we'd be extremely grateful (and more likely to help you find the answer!)

    If you are twitter savvy you can tweet #webpack with your question and someone should be able to reach out and help also.

    If you have discovered a ???? or have a feature suggestion, feel free to create an issue on Github.

    License

    FOSSA Status

    Core Team

    Sponsoring

    Most of the core team members, webpack contributors and contributors in the ecosystem do this open source work in their free time. If you use webpack for a serious task, and you'd like us to invest more time on it, please donate. This project increases your income/productivity too. It makes development and applications faster and it reduces the required bandwidth.

    This is how we use the donations:

    • Allow the core team to work on webpack
    • Thank contributors if they invested a large amount of time in contributing
    • Support projects in the ecosystem that are of great value for users
    • Support projects that are voted most (work in progress)
    • Infrastructure cost
    • Fees for money handling

    Premium Partners

    Other Backers and Sponsors

    Before we started using OpenCollective, donations were made anonymously. Now that we have made the switch, we would like to acknowledge these sponsors (and the ones who continue to donate using OpenCollective). If we've missed someone, please send us a PR, and we'll add you to this list.

    AngularMoonMailMONEI

    Gold Sponsors

    Become a gold sponsor and get your logo on our README on Github with a link to your site.

    Silver Sponsors

    Become a silver sponsor and get your logo on our README on Github with a link to your site.

    Bronze Sponsors

    Become a bronze sponsor and get your logo on our README on Github with a link to your site.

    Backers

    Become a backer and get your image on our README on Github with a link to your site.

    <img src=

    Current Tags

    •                                          latest (8 hours ago)
    •                                          legacy (5 years ago)
    • rc.6                                          next (a year ago)
    •                                          webpack-2 (4 years ago)
    •                                          webpack-3 (4 years ago)
    •                                          webpack-4 (10 months ago)

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    • beta.6
    Источник: [storycall.us]
    storycall.us

    Contents i


    Contents

    Prefacexi

    1 General topics 1

    Overview 1

    OSI reference model 2

    Systems engineering approach 8

    State transition structure 10

    Detailed design 11

    Media 11

    Physical connections 12

    Protocols 12

    Noise 15

    Cable spacing 21

    Ingress protection 24

    2 Copper cable 26

    Cable characteristics 26

    Cable selection 29

    Coaxial cables 31

    Twisted-pair cable 34

    Distribution/installation standards 39

    Connector standards 41

    Earthing/grounding 43

    Termination 45

    Transient protection 47

    3 Fiber optics 50

    Introduction 50

    Fiber-optic cable components 51

    Fiber-optic cable parameters 53

    Types of optical fiber 54

    Basic cable types 55

    Connecting fibers 57

    Splicing trays/organizers and termination cabinets 59

    Troubleshooting 62

    Fiber installation rules 63

    Cleaning optical connectors 65

    Locating broken fibers 65


    vi Contents

    4a RS overview

    Objectives

    4a.1 RS interface standard (CCITT V interface standard)

    4a.2 Half-duplex operation of the RS interface

    4a.3 Summary of EIA/TIA revisions

    4a.4 Limitations

    4b RS troubleshooting

    4b.1 Introduction

    4b.2 Typical approach

    4b.3 Test equipment

    4b.4 Typical RS problems

    4b.5 Summary of troubleshooting

    5a RS overview

    Objectives

    5a.1 The RS interface standard

    5b RS troubleshooting

    5b.1 Introduction

    5b.2 RS vs RS

    5b.3 RS installation

    5b.4 Noise problems

    5b.5 Test equipment

    5b.6 Summary

    6a Current loop and RS converters overview

    Objectives

    6a.1 The 20 mA current loop

    6a.2 Serial interface converters

    6b Current loop and RS converters troubleshooting

    6b.1 Troubleshooting converters

    7a TCP/IP overview

    7a.1 Introduction

    7a.2 Internet layer protocols (packet transport)

    7a.3 Host-to-host layer: end to end reliability

    7b TCP/IP troubleshooting

    7b.1 Introduction

    7b.2 Common problems

    7b.3 Tools of the trade

    7b.4 Typical network layer problems

    7b.5 Transport layer problems


    Contents vii

    8a Modbus overview

    Objectives

    8a.1 General overview

    8a.2 Modbus protocol structure

    8a.3 Function codes

    8b Modbus troubleshooting

    8b.1 Common problems and faults

    8b.2 Description of tools used

    8b.3 Detailed troubleshooting

    8b.4 Conclusion

    9 Fundamentals of DNP3

    Fundamental concepts

    Understanding the DNP3 message structure

    Physical layer

    Data-link layer

    Transport layer (pseudo-transport)

    Application layer message handling

    Application layer message functions

    10 Fundamentals of IEC

    The IEC standard

    Protocol architecture

    Physical layer

    Data-link layer

    Application layer

    Information elements

    11a Industrial Ethernet overview

    Objectives

    11a.1 Introduction

    11a.2 10 Mbps Ethernet

    11a.3 Mbps Ethernet

    11a.4 Gigabit Ethernet

    11a.5 Industrial Ethernet

    11b Industrial Ethernet troubleshooting

    11b.1 Introduction

    11b.2 Common problems and faults

    11b.3 Tools of the trade

    11b.4 Problems and solutions

    11b.5 Troubleshooting switched networks

    11b.6 Troubleshooting fast Ethernet

    11b.7 Troubleshooting Gigabit Ethernet


    viii Contents

    12a AS-interface (AS-i) overview

    Objectives

    12a.1 Introduction

    12a.2 Layer 1: the physical layer

    12a.3 Layer 2: the data-link layer

    12a.4 Operating characteristics

    12b AS-i troubleshooting

    12b.1 Introduction

    12b.2 Tools of the trade

    13a DeviceNet overview

    Objectives

    13a.1 Introduction

    13a.2 Physical layer

    13a.3 Connectors

    13a.4 Cable budgets

    13a.5 Device taps

    13a.6 Cable description

    13a.7 Network power

    13a.8 System grounding

    13a.9 Signaling

    13a Data-link layer

    13a The application layer

    13b DeviceNet troubleshooting

    13b.1 Introduction

    13b.2 Tools of the trade

    13b.3 Fault finding procedures

    14a Profibus PA/DP/FMS overview

    Objectives

    14a.1 Introduction

    14a.2 Profibus protocol stack

    14a.3 The Profibus communication model

    14a.4 Relationship between application process and communication

    14a.5 Communication objects

    14a.6 Performance

    14a.7 System operation

    14b Profibus troubleshooting

    14b.1 Introduction

    14b.2 Troubleshooting tools

    14b.3 Tips

    15a Foundation Fieldbus overview

    Objectives

    15a.1 Introduction to Foundation Fieldbus

    15a.2 The physical layer and wiring rules


    Contents ix

    15a.3 The data-link layer

    15a.4 The application layer

    15a.5 The user layer

    15a.6 Error detection and diagnostics

    15a.7 High-speed Ethernet (HSE)

    15a.8 Good wiring and installation practice

    15b Foundation Fieldbus troubleshooting

    15b.1 Introduction

    15b.2 Power problems

    15b.3 Communication problems

    15b.4 Foundation Fieldbus test equipment

    16a Modbus Plus protocol overview

    Objectives

    16a.1 General overview

    16b Modbus Plus troubleshooting

    16b.1 Common problems and faults

    16b.2 Description of tools used

    16b.3 Detailed troubleshooting

    17a Data Highway Plus/DH overview

    Objectives

    17a.1 Allen Bradley Data Highway (Plus) protocol

    17b Data Highway Plus/DH troubleshooting

    17b.1 Introduction

    17b.2 Data Highway Plus wiring troubleshooting

    17b.3 Data Highway Plus network diagnostics

    18a HART overview

    Objectives

    18a.1 Introduction to HART and smart instrumentation

    18a.2 HART protocol

    18a.3 Physical layer

    18a.4 Data-link layer

    18a.5 Application layer

    18b HART troubleshooting

    18b.1 Troubleshooting HART systems

    19 Wireless technologies

    Satellite systems

    Wireless LANs (WLANs)

    Radio and wireless communications


    x Contents

    20 System design methodology

    Introduction

    Point-to-point links

    Networked systems

    21 Installation, commissioning, troubleshooting

    Introduction

    Methodology

    Common problems

    Index


    Preface

    The objective of this book is to outline the best practice in designing, installing, commissioning and

    troubleshooting industrial data communications systems. In any given plant, factory or installation

    there are a myriad of different industrial communications standards used and the key to successful

    implementation is the degree to which the entire system integrates and works together. With so

    many different standards on the market today, the debate is not about what is the best – be it

    Foundation Fieldbus, Profibus, Devicenet or Industrial Ethernet – but rather about selecting the most

    appropriate technologies and standards for a given application and then ensuring that best practice is

    followed in designing, installing and commissioning the data communications links to ensure they

    run fault-free.

    The industrial data communications systems in your plant underpin your entire operation. It is

    critical that you apply best practice in designing, installing and fixing any problems that may occur.

    This book distills all the tips and tricks learnt with the benefit of many years of experience and gives

    the best proven practices to follow.

    The main steps in using today's communications technologies involve selecting the correct

    technology and standards for your plant based on your requirements; doing the design of the overall

    system; installing the cabling and then commissioning the system. Fiber Optic cabling is generally

    accepted as the best approach for physical communications but there are obviously areas where you

    will be forced to use copper wiring and, indeed, wireless communications. This book outlines the

    critical rules followed in installing the data communications physical transport media and then

    ensuring that the installation will be trouble-free for years to come.

    The important point to make is that with today’s wide range of protocols available, you only need to

    know how to select, install and maintain them in the most cost-effective manner for your plant or

    factory – knowledge of the minute details of the protocols is not necessary.

    This book will be useful to anyone working with or required to follow best practice in the

    installation of industrial data communications systems ranging from RS to Fieldbus and Ethernet

    systems, including:

    • Instrumentation and Control Engineers/Technicians

    • Process Control Engineers

    • Network Planners

    • Electrical Engineers

    • Test Engineers

    • System Integrators

    • Designers

    • Electronic Technicians

    • Consulting Engineers

    • Design Engineers

    • Plant Managers

    • Systems Engineers

    • Shift Electricians


    xii Preface

    We would hope you would gain the following knowledge from reading this book:

    Best practice in industrial data communications design, installation and commissioning

    Practical hands-on experience in jointing, splicing and testing of copper and fiber based

    cabling

    • How to design and install your own fully operational industrial data communications

    systems

    • How to integrate different industrial communications protocols and standards into a

    complete working system

    You should have a modicum of electrical knowledge and some exposure to industrial automation

    systems to derive maximum benefit from this book.


    Overview

    General topics

    This book can be divided into several distinct sections.

    Introduction

    Media

    This introductory chapter deals with general topics such as the OSI model, systems

    engineering concepts, physical (layer 1) connections, protocols, and noise and ingress

    protection.

    Chapters 2 and 3 deal with media – specifically conductive media viz. copper (coax,

    UTP, STP) and fiber.

    Physical layer standards

    Chapters 4–6 (inclusive) cover RS, RS, and 4–20 mA.

    Note: Throughout this book, we will refer to RS, RS, and RS One is often

    criticized for using these terms of reference, since in reality they are obsolete. However, if

    we briefly examine the history of the organization that defined these standards, it is not

    difficult to see why they are still in use today and will probably continue as such.

    The Electronics Industry Association (EIA) of America defined the common serial

    interface RS ‘RS’ stands for ‘recommended standard’, and the number (suffix)

    refers to the interface specification of the physical device. The EIA has since established

    many standards and amassed a library of white papers on various implementations of

    them. So to keep track of them all, it made sense to change the prefix to EIA. (It is

    interesting to note that most of the white papers are NOT free.)

    The Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) was formed in , by

    merging the telecommunications arm of the EIA and the United States Telecommuni-

    cations Suppliers Association. The prefix changed again to EIA/TIA (along with

    all the other serial implementations, of course). So now we have TIA, TIA-

    , etc.

    It should also be noted that the TIA is a member of the Electronics Industries Alliance

    (EIA). This alliance is made up of several trade organizations (including the CEA, ECA,

    GEIA . . . ) that represent the interests of manufacturers of electronics-related products.


    2 PracticalIndustrialDataCommunications

    Now when someone refers to ‘EIA’, they are talking about the Alliance, not the

    Association!

    If we still use the terms RS, RS, etc., then they are just as equally obsolete as the

    ‘RS’ equivalents. However, when they are referred to as TIA standards some people might

    give you a quizzical look and ask you to explain yourself . . . So to cut a long story short,

    one says ‘RS-xxx’ – and the penny drops. ‘RS’ has become more or less a de facto

    approach, as a search on the Internet will testify.

    Copies of the relevant standards are available from Global Engineering documents, the

    official suppliers of EIA documents. A brief perusal of their website (storycall.us)

    will reveal the name changes over time, since names were not changed retroactively. The

    latest ‘’ revision refers to TIA, but earlier revisions and other related documents

    still refer to TIA/EIA, EIA, and RS

    Industrial protocols

    Chapters 7–10 (inclusive) deal with a few well-known industrial protocols such as

    TCP/IP, Modbus, DNP3, and IEC

    Industrial networks

    Chapters 11–18 (inclusive) deal with some popular industrial networks (both old and

    new) such as Industrial Ethernet, AS-i, DeviceNet, Profibus, Foundation Fieldbus,

    Modbus Plus, Data Highway Plus, and HART. Although the topic of troubleshooting

    only follows towards the end of the workshop, each chapter has been divided into

    an A and a B section, where the A section deals with the operation of the system and

    B deals with troubleshooting the same system. This has been done for ease of

    reference.

    Other technologies

    Chapter 19 deals with several wireless technologies, including VSAT, IEEE , and

    wireless point-to-point.

    Selection methodology

    Chapter 20 covers the appropriate steps to be taken in choosing the components for an

    industrial data communications system.

    Installation, commissioning, troubleshooting

    Chapter 21 covers recommended practice in installing, commissioning, and trouble-

    shooting industrial data communications systems.

    OSI reference model

    Faced with the proliferation of closed network systems, the International Organization

    for Standardization (ISO) defined a ‘Reference Model for Communication between Open

    Systems’ in This has become known as the Open Systems Interconnection

    Reference model or simply as the OSI model (ISO). The OSI model is essentially a

    data communications management structure, which breaks data communications down

    into a manageable hierarchy of seven layers.


    General topics 3

    Each layer has a defined purpose and interfaces with the layers above and below it. By

    laying down standards for each layer, some flexibility is allowed so that the system

    designers can develop protocols for each layer independent of each other. By conforming

    to the OSI standards, a system is able to communicate with any other compliant system,

    anywhere in the world.

    At the outset, it should be realized that the OSI reference model is not a protocol or set

    of rules for how a protocol should be written, but rather an overall framework in which to

    define protocols. The OSI model framework specifically and clearly defines the functions

    or services that have to be provided at each of the seven layers (or levels).

    Since there must be at least two sites to communicate, each layer also appears to

    converse with its peer layer at the other end of the communication channel in a virtual

    (‘logical’) communication. These concepts of isolation of the process of each layer,

    together with standardized interfaces and peer-to-peer virtual communication, are

    fundamental to the concepts developed in a layered model such as the OSI model. The

    OSI layering concept is shown in Figure

    Figure

    OSI layering concept

    The actual functions within each layer are provided by entities that are abstract devices,

    such as programs, functions, or protocols that implement the services for a particular layer

    on a single machine. A layer may have more than one entity – for example a protocol

    entity and a management entity. Entities in adjacent layers interact through the common

    upper and lower boundaries by passing physical information through service access points

    (SAPs). A SAP could be compared to a predefined ‘post-box’ where one layer would

    collect data from the previous layer. The relationship between layers, entities, functions,

    and SAPs are shown in Figure

    In the OSI model, the entity in the next higher layer is referred to as the N + 1 entity and

    the entity in the next lower layer as N – 1. The services available to the higher layers are

    the result of the services provided by all the lower layers.

    The functions and capabilities expected at each layer are specified in the model.

    However, the model does not prescribe how this functionality should be implemented.

    The focus in the model is on the ‘interconnection’ and on the information that can be

    passed over this connection. The OSI model does not concern itself with the internal

    operations of the systems involved.


    4 PracticalIndustrialDataCommunications

    Figure

    Relationship between layers, entities, functions, and SAPs

    When the OSI model was being developed, a number of principles were used to

    determine exactly how many layers this communication model should encompass. These

    principles are:

    • A layer should be created where a different level of abstraction is required.

    • Each layer should perform a well-defined function.

    • The function of each layer should be chosen with thought given to defining

    internationally standardized protocols.

    • The layer boundaries should be chosen to minimize the information flow across

    the boundaries.

    • The number of layers should be large enough that distinct functions need not be

    thrown together in the same layer out of necessity and small enough that the

    architecture does not become unwieldy.

    The use of these principles led to seven layers being defined, each of which has been

    given a name in accordance with its process purpose. Figure shows the seven layers of

    the OSI model.

    Figure

    The OSI reference model

    At the transmitter, the user invokes the system by passing data and control information

    (physically) to the highest layer of the protocol stack. The system then passes the data

    physically down through the seven layers, adding headers (and possibly trailers), and

    invoking functions in accordance with the rules of the protocol. At each level, this


    General topics 5

    combined data and header ‘packet’ is termed as protocol data unit or PDU. At the

    receiving site, the opposite occurs with the headers being stripped from the data as it is

    passed up through the layers. These header and control messages invoke services and a

    peer-to-peer logical interaction of entities across the sites.

    At this stage, it should be quite clear that there is no connection or direct communication

    between the peer layers of the network. Rather, all communication is across the physical

    layer, or the lowest layer of the stack. Communication is down through the protocol stack

    on the transmitting stack and up through the stack on the receiving stack. Figure shows

    the full architecture of the OSI model, whilst Figure shows the effects of the addition of

    headers (protocol control information) to the respective PDUs at each layer. The net effect

    of this extra information is to reduce the overall bandwidth of the communications channel,

    since some of the available bandwidth is used to pass control information.

    Figure

    Full architecture of OSI model

    OSI layer services

    Briefly, the services provided at each layer of the stack are:

    • Application (layer 7): The provision of network services to the user’s

    application programs (clients, servers, etc.). Note: the user’s actual application

    programs do not reside here.

    • Presentation (layer 6): Maps the data representations into an external data

    format that will enable correct interpretation of the information on receipt. The

    mapping can also possibly include encryption and/or compression of data.

    • Session (layer 5): Control of the communications between the users. This

    includes the grouping together of messages and the coordination of data

    transfer between grouped layers. It also affects checkpoints for (transparent)

    recovery of aborted sessions.


    6 PracticalIndustrialDataCommunications

    Figure

    OSI message passing

    • Transport (layer 4): The management of the communications between the

    two end systems.

    • Network (layer 3): Responsible for the control of the communications

    network. Functions include routing of data, network addressing, fragmentation

    of large packets, congestion, and flow control.

    Data link (layer 2): Responsible for sending a frame of data from one system

    to another. Attempts to ensure that errors in the received bit stream are not

    passed up into the rest of the protocol stack. Error correction and detection

    techniques are used here.

    • Physical (layer 1): Defines the electrical and mechanical connections at the

    physical level or the communication channel itself. Functional responsibilities

    include modulation, multiplexing, and signal generation. Note that the physical

    layer defines, but does not include the medium. This is located below the

    physical layer and is sometimes referred to as layer 0.

    A more specific discussion of each layer is now presented.

    Application layer

    The application layer is the topmost layer in the OSI model. This layer is responsible for

    giving applications access to the network. Examples of application layer tasks include file

    transfer, electronic mail services, and network management. Application layer services

    are more varied than the services in lower layers, because the entire range of application

    and task possibilities is available here. To accomplish its tasks, the application layer

    passes program requests and data to the presentation layer, which is responsible for

    encoding the application layer’s data in the appropriate form.

    Presentation layer

    The presentation layer is responsible for presenting information in a manner suitable for

    the applications or users dealing with the information. Functions, such as data conversion


    General topics 7

    from EBCDIC to ASCII (or vice versa), use of special graphics or character sets, data

    compression or expansion, and data encryption or decryption are carried out at this layer.

    The presentation layer provides services for the application layer above it and uses the

    session layer below it. In practice, the presentation layer rarely appears in pure form and

    is the least well-defined of the OSI layers. Application or session layer programs will

    often encompass some or all of the presentation layer functions.

    Session layer

    The session layer is responsible for synchronizing and sequencing the dialogue and

    packets in a network connection. This layer is also responsible for making sure that the

    connection is maintained until the transmission is complete and ensuring that

    appropriate security measures are taken during a ‘session’ (i.e. a connection). The

    session layer is used by the presentation layer above it, and uses the transport layer

    below it.

    Transport layer

    In the OSI model, the transport layer is responsible for providing data transfer at an

    agreed upon level of quality, such as at specified transmission speeds and error rates. To

    ensure delivery, outgoing packets are assigned numbers in sequence. The numbers are

    included in the packets that are transmitted by lower layers. The transport layer at the

    receiving end checks the packet numbers to make sure all have been delivered and to put

    the packet contents into the proper sequence for the recipient. The transport layer

    provides services for the session layer above it and uses the network layer below it to find

    a route between source and destination. In many ways, the transport layer is crucial

    because it sits between the upper layers (which are strongly application dependent) and

    the lower ones (which are network based).

    The layers below the transport layer are collectively known as the subnet layers.

    Depending on how well (or not) they perform their function, the transport layer has to

    interfere less (or more) in order to maintain a reliable connection.

    Network layer

    The network layer is the third lowest layer or the uppermost subnet layer. It is responsible

    for the following tasks:

    • Determining addresses or translating from hardware to network addresses.

    These addresses may be on a local network or they may refer to networks

    located elsewhere on an internetwork. One of the functions of the network layer

    is, in fact, to provide capabilities needed to communicate on an internetwork.

    • Finding a route between a source and a destination node or between two

    intermediate devices.

    • Establishing and maintaining a logical connection between these two nodes and

    to establish either a connectionless or a connection-oriented communication.

    The data is processed and transmitted using the data-link layer below the

    network layer. Responsibility for guaranteeing proper delivery of the packets

    lies with the transport layer, which uses network layer services.

    • Fragmentation of large packets of data into frames which are small enough to

    be transmitted by the underlying data-link layer. The corresponding network

    layer at the receiving node undertakes re-assembly of the packet.


    8 PracticalIndustrialDataCommunications

    Data-link layer

    The data-link layer is responsible for creating, transmitting, and receiving data packets. It

    provides services for the various protocols at the network layer, and uses the physical

    layer to transmit or receive material. The data-link layer creates packets appropriate for

    the network architecture being used. Requests and data from the network layer are part of

    the data in these packets (or frames, as they are often called at this layer). These packets

    are passed down to the physical layer and from there the data is transmitted to the

    physical layer on the destination machine. Network architectures (such as Ethernet,

    ARCnet, token ring, and FDDI) encompass the data-link and physical layers, which is

    why these architectures support services at the data-link level. These architectures also

    represent the most common protocols used at the data-link level.

    The IEEE x networking working groups have refined the data-link layer into two

    sub-layers: the logical link control (LLC) sub-layer at the top and the media access

    control (MAC) sub-layer at the bottom. The LLC sub-layer must provide an interface for

    the network layer protocols and control the logical communication with its peer at the

    receiving side. The MAC sub-layer must provide access to a particular physical encoding

    and transport scheme.

    Physical layer

    The physical layer is the lowest layer in the OSI reference model. This layer gets data

    packets from the data-link layer above it and converts the contents of these packets into a

    series of electrical signals that represent 0 and 1 values in a digital transmission. These

    signals are sent across a transmission medium to the physical layer at the receiving end.

    At the destination, the physical layer converts the electrical signals into a series of bit

    values. These values are grouped into packets and passed up to the data-link layer.

    The mechanical and electrical properties of the transmission medium are defined at this

    level. These include the following:

    • The type of cable and connectors used. A cable may be coaxial, twisted pair, or

    fiber optic. The types of connectors depend on the type of cable.

    • The pin assignments for the cable and connectors. Pin assignments depend on

    the type of cable and also on the network architecture being used.

    • The format for the electrical signals. The encoding scheme used to signal

    0 and 1 values in a digital transmission or particular values in an analog

    transmission depends on the network architecture being used. Most networks

    use digital signaling and some form of Manchester encoding for the signal.

    Systems engineering approach

    System specifications

    Systems engineering, especially in a military context, is a fully fledged subject and proper

    treatment thereof will warrant a two-day workshop on its own. However, the basic

    principles of systems engineering can be applied very advantageously throughout the life

    cycle of any project, and hence, we will briefly look at the concepts. The project, in the

    context of this workshop, would involve the planning, installation, commissioning, and

    ongoing maintenance of some sort of industrial data communications system.

    The question is: what is a system, where does it start and where does it end? The

    answer is a bit ambiguous – it depends where the designer draws the boundaries. For

    example, the engine of a motor vehicle, excluding gearbox, radiator, battery, and engine


    General topics 9

    mounts, but including fuel injection system, could be seen as a system in its own right.

    On the other hand, the car in its entirety could be seen as a system, and the engine, one of

    its sub-systems. Other sub-systems could include the gearbox, drive train, electrical

    system, etc. In similar fashion, a SCADA system integrator could view the entire product

    as the ‘system’ with, for example, the RTUs as sub-systems, whereas for a hardware

    developer the RTU could be viewed as a ‘system’ in its own right.

    The point of departure should be the physical, mechanical, and electrical environment

    in which the system operates. For a car engine, this could include the dimensions of the

    engine compartment, minimum and maximum ambient temperatures, and levels of

    humidity. An engine operating in Alaska in mid-winter faces different problems than its

    counterpart operating in Saudi Arabia.

    In similar fashion, an RTU developer or someone contemplating an RTU installation

    should consider:

    • Minimum and maximum temperatures

    • Vibration

    • Humidity

    • Mounting constraints

    • IP rating requirements

    • Power supply requirements (voltage levels, tolerances, current consumption,

    power backup and redundancy, etc.).

    These should all be included in the specifications. Let us return to the engine. There are

    five attributes necessary to fully describe it, but we will initially look at the first three

    attributes namely inputs, outputs, and functions.

    Inputs

    What goes ‘into’ the system? Inputs would include fuel from the fuel pump, air input

    from the air filter, cold water input from the radiator, and electrical power from the

    battery. For each input, the mechanical, electrical, and other details, as required, must be

    stated. For example, for the electrical inputs of the engine, the mechanical details of

    the +12 V and ground terminals must be given as well as the voltage and current limits.

    For an RTU the inputs could include:

    • Digital inputs (e.g. contact closures)

    • Analog inputs (e.g. 4–20 mA)

    • Communication input (RS)

    • Power (e.g. 12 V DC at mA).

    Specifications should include all relevant electrical and mechanical considerations

    including connector types, pin allocations, minimum and maximum currents, minimum

    and maximum voltage levels, maximum operating speeds, and any transient protection.

    Stated in general, in the mathematical equation y = f (x), where x would be the input.

    Outputs

    What comes ‘out of ’ the system? Engine outputs would include torque output to the

    gearbox, hot water to the radiator, and exhaust gases to the exhaust system. For each output,

    the exact detail (including flange dimensions, bolt sizes, etc.) has to be stated. The reason

    for this is simple. Each output of the engine has to mate exactly with the corresponding

    input of the associated auxiliary sub-system. Unless the two mating entities are absolutely

    complementary, dimensionally and otherwise, there will be a problem.


    10 PracticalIndustrialDataCommunications

    For an RTU the outputs could include:

    • Relay outputs

    • Open collector transistor outputs.

    Specifications should include maximum voltages and currents as well as maximum

    operating speeds, relay contact lifetime, and transient protection.

    Stated in general, in the mathematical equation y = f (x), y (the output) occurs as a result

    of x, the input.

    Functions

    What does the system (viewed as a ‘black box’) do? The functions are built into the

    system black box. They convert the input(s) to the output(s) according to some built-in

    transfer function(s). The system can be seen as having a singular function with several

    sub-functions, or as simply having several separate functions. The overall function of the

    engine would be to convert fuel plus air into energy. Its main sub-function would be

    to convert the fuel plus air into torque to drive the car, another sub-function could be to

    provide electrical energy to the battery. In the mathematical equation above, this refers to

    the f ( ) part, in other words it takes ‘x’ and does something to it in order to produce ‘y’.

    The three items mentioned so far describes the behavior of the system in terms of

    ‘what’ it has to do, but not ‘how’. It has, in other words, not described a specific

    implementation, but just a functional specification. Once this has been documented,

    reviewed (several times!), and ratified, the solution can be designed.

    The full (detailed) specification has to include the ‘how’. For this, two additional

    descriptions are necessary. They are the structure of elements and couplings, and the state

    transition diagram.

    Structure of elements and couplings

    It is also referred to as the EC diagram. This refers to all the ‘building blocks’ of the

    system and their inter-relationship, but does not elucidate the way they operate. In a car

    engine, this would show the engine block, pistons, connecting rods, crankshaft, etc., and

    the way they are attached to each other.

    For an RTU, this would include a full electronic circuit diagram as well as a component

    placement diagram.

    State transition structure

    This is also referred to as the ST diagram. This is the ‘timing diagram’ of the system. It

    explains, preferably in diagram form (e.g. flowchart), how all the building blocks interact.

    For the engine, it would show the combustion cycle of the engine plus the firing sequence

    of the spark plugs, etc.

    For an RTU, this would be an explanation of the system operation by means of a flowchart.

    Flowcharts could be drawn for the initial setup, normal system operation (from an operator

    point of view) and program flow (from a software programmer’s point of view), etc.

    System life cycle

    Our discussion this far has focused on the specification of the system, but not on the

    implementation thereof. Here is a possible approach. Each phase mentioned here should

    be terminated with a proper design review. The further a system implementation

    progresses, the more costly it becomes to rectify mistakes.


    Conceptual phase

    General topics 11

    In this phase, the functional specification is developed. Once it has been agreed upon, one

    or more possible solutions can be put together and evaluated on paper.

    Validation phase

    If there are any untested assumptions in the design concept, now is the time to validate it.

    This could involve setting up a small pilot system or a test network, in order to confirm

    that the design objectives can be achieved.

    Detailed design

    Once the validation has been completed, it is time to do the full, detailed design of the

    system.

    Implementation

    This phase involves the procurement of the equipment, the installation, and subsequent

    commissioning of the system.

    Maintenance/troubleshooting

    Media

    Once the system is operational, these actions will be performed for the duration of its

    service life. At the end of its useful life, the system will be replaced, overhauled, or

    scrapped. In fact, often overlooked is the monetary cost of maintaining a system over its

    useful life, including the cost of parts, maintenance, and service infrastructure that could

    exceed the initial purchase cost, be a factor of five or more.

    For any communication to take place between two entities, there must be some form

    of medium between them. The OSI model does not include the actual medium

    (although it may specify it). The medium is sometimes referred to as ‘layer 0’ (being

    below layer 1) although, in fact, there is no such thing. In the context of data

    communications, we can distinguish between two basic groupings, namely conductive

    media and radiated media.

    In the case of conductive media, there is a physical cable between the two devices. This

    cable could be either a copper cable or an optic-fiber cable.

    In copper cable, the signal is conducted as electrical impulses. This type of cable can be

    in the form of:

    • Coaxial cable, e.g. RG

    • Twisted-pair cable (single or multi-pair), e.g. EIA/TIA Cat 5, or

    • Untwisted (parallel) cable, e.g. the flat cables for DeviceNet or AS-i.

    Twisted-pair cable can be unshielded or shielded with foil, woven braid, or a

    combination thereof.

    In the case of optic fiber, the signal is conducted as impulses of light. There are two

    main approaches possible with fiber-optic cables, namely:

    1. Single mode (monomode) cabling and

    2. Multimode cabling.


    12 PracticalIndustrialDataCommunications

    This is widely used throughout industrial communications systems because of

    immunity to electrical noise and optical isolation from surges and transients. As a result,

    fiber is tending to dominate in all new installations that require reasonable levels of traffic

    (Figure ).

    Figure

    Single mode and multimode optic fibers

    An alternative to conductive media is radiated media. Here, the medium is actually free

    space, and various techniques are used to transmit the signal. These include infrared

    transmission as well as VHF transmission (30– MHz) and UHF transmission

    ( MHz–3 GHz). A very popular band is the unlicensed GHz ISM (industrial,

    scientific, and medical) band as used in IEEE Bluetooth and most wireless LANs

    e.g. IEEE

    In microwave transmission, a differentiation is often made in terms of terrestrial

    systems (i.e. transmission takes place in a predominantly horizontal plane) and satellite

    transmission, where transmission takes place in a predominantly vertical plane.

    Physical connections

    This refers to layer 1 of the OSI model and deals with the mechanism of placing an actual

    signal on the conductor for the purpose of transmitting 1s and 0s. Many network

    standards such as Ethernet and AS-i have their own unique way of doing this. Many

    others, such as Data Highway Plus and Profibus, use the RS standard.

    Here follows a brief summary of RS, although it is covered in detail elsewhere.

    RS is a balanced (differential) system with up to 32 ‘standard’ transmitters and

    receivers per line, speeds up to 10 Mbps and distances up to m.

    The RS standard is very useful for instrumentation and control systems, where

    several instruments or controllers may be connected together on the same multi-point

    network. A diagram of a typical RS system is shown in Figure

    Protocols

    It has been shown that there are protocols operating at layers 2–7 of the OSI model.

    Layer 1 is implemented by physical standards such as RS and RS, which are

    mechanisms for ‘putting the signal on the wire’ and are therefore not protocols. Protocols

    are the sets of rules by which communication takes place and are implemented in

    software.


    Figure

    Typical two-wire multidrop network for RS

    General topics 13

    Protocols vary from the very simple such as ASCII-based protocols to the very

    sophisticated such as TCP and IP, which operate at high speeds transferring megabits of

    data per second. There is no right or wrong protocol, the choice depends on a particular

    application.

    Examples of protocols include:

    • Layer 2: SDLC, HDLC

    • Layer 3: IP, IPX

    • Layer 4: TCP, UDP, SPX

    • Layers 5 + 6 + 7: CIP, HTTP, FTP, POP3, NetBIOS.

    Depending on their functionality and the layer at which they operate, protocols perform

    one or more of the following functions:

    • Segmentation (fragmentation) and re-assembly: Each protocol has to deal

    with the limitations of the PDU (protocol data unit) or packet size associated

    with the protocol below it. For example, the Internet protocol (IP) (layer 3)

    can only handle 65 bytes of data, hence the transmission control protocol

    (TCP) (layer 4) has to segment the data received from layer 5 into pieces no

    bigger than that. IP (layer 3), on the other hand, has to be aware that Ethernet

    (layer 2) cannot accept more than bytes of data at a time and has to

    fragment the data accordingly. The term ‘fragmentation’ is normally

    associated with layer 3, whereas the term ‘segmentation’ is normally

    associated with layer 4. The end result of both is the same but the

    mechanisms differ. Obviously, the data stream fragmented by a protocol on

    the transmitting side has to be re-assembled by its corresponding peer on the


    14 PracticalIndustrialDataCommunications

    receiving side, so each protocol involved in the process of fragmentation has

    to add appropriate parameters in the form of sequence numbers, offsets, and

    flags to facilitate this.

    • Encapsulation: Each protocol has to handle the information received from

    the layer above it ‘without prejudice’; i.e. it carries/forwards it without

    regard for its content. For example, the information passed on to IP (layer

    3) could contain a TCP header (layer 4) plus an FTP header (layers 5, 6, 7)

    plus data from an FTP client (e.g. Cute FTP). IP simply regards this as a

    package of information to be forwarded, adds its own header with the

    necessary control information, and passes it down to the next layer (e.g.

    Ethernet).

    • Connection control: Some layer 4 protocols such as TCP create logical

    connections with their peers on the other side. For example, when browsing the

    Internet, TCP on the client (user) side has to establish a connection with TCP

    on the server side before a web site can be accessed. Obviously, there are

    mechanisms for terminating the connection as well.

    • Ordered delivery: Large messages have to be cut into smaller fragments, but

    on a packet switching network, the different fragments can theoretically travel

    via different paths to their destination. This results in fragments arriving at their

    destination out of sequence, which creates problems in rebuilding the original

    message. This issue is normally addressed at layer 3 and sometimes at layer 4

    (anywhere that fragmentation and segmentation takes place) and different

    protocols use different mechanisms, including sequence numbers and fragment

    offsets.

    • Flow control: The protocol on the receiving side must be able to liaise with

    its counterpart on the sending side in order not to be overrun by data. In simple

    protocols, this is accomplished by a lock-step mechanism (i.e. each packet sent

    needs to be acknowledged before the next one can be sent) or XON/XOFF

    mechanisms where the receiver sends an XOFF message to the sender to pause

    transmission, then sends an XON message to resume transmission.

    More sophisticated protocols use ‘sliding windows’. Here, the sliding

    window is a number that represents the amount of unacknowledged data that

    can still be sent. The receiver does not have to acknowledge every message, but

    can from time to time issue blanket acknowledgments for all data received up

    to a point. As the sender sends data, the window shrinks and as the receiver

    acknowledges, the window expands accordingly. When the window becomes

    zero, the transmitter stops until some acknowledgment is received and the

    window opens up again.

    • Error control: The sender needs some mechanism by which it can ascertain if

    the data received is the same as the data sent. This is accomplished by

    performing some form of checksum on the data to be transmitted, including the

    checksum in the header or in a trailer after the data. Types of checksum include

    vertical and longitudinal parity, block check count (BCC) and cyclic

    redundancy checking (CRC).

    • Addressing: Protocols at various levels need to identify the physical or

    logical recipient on the other side. This is done by various means. Layer 4

    protocols such as TCP and UDP use port numbers. Layer 3 protocols use

    a protocol address (such as the IP address for the Internet protocol) and layer

    2 protocols use a hardware (or ‘media’) address such as a station number or

    MAC address.


    Noise

    General topics 15

    • Routing: In an internetwork, i.e. a larger network consisting of two or more

    smaller networks interconnected by routers, the routers have to communicate

    with each other in order to know the best path to a given destination on the

    network. This is achieved by routing protocols (RIP, OSPF, etc.) residing on

    the routers.

    • Multiplexing: Some higher-protocols such as TCP can create several ‘logical’

    channels on one physical channel. The opposite can be done some lower-level

    protocols such as PPP where one logical stream of data can be sent over several

    physical (e.g. dial-up) connections. This mechanism is called multiplexing.

    Sources of electrical noise

    Typical sources of noise are devices that produce quick changes (or spikes) in voltage or

    current, such as:

    • Large electrical motors being switched on

    • Fluorescent lighting tubes

    • Lightning strikes

    • High-voltage surging due to electrical faults

    • Welding equipment.

    From a general point of view, there must be three contributing factors for the existence of

    an electrical noise problem. They are:

    1. A source of electrical noise

    2. A mechanism coupling the source to the affected circuit

    3. A circuit conveying the sensitive communication signals.

    Electrical coupling of noise

    There are four forms of coupling of electrical noise into the sensitive data communications

    circuits. They are:

    1. Impedance coupling (sometimes referred to as conductance coupling)

    2. Electrostatic coupling

    3. Magnetic or inductive coupling

    4. Radio frequency radiation (a combination of electrostatic and magnetic).

    Each of these noise forms will be discussed in some detail in the following sections.

    Impedance coupling (or common impedance coupling)

    For situations where two or more electrical circuits share common conductors, there can

    be some coupling between the different circuits with harmful effects on the connected

    circuits. Essentially, this means that the signal current from the one circuit proceeds back

    along the common conductor resulting in an error voltage along the return bus that affects

    all the other signals. The error voltage is due to the impedance of the return wire. This

    situation is shown in the Figure

    Obviously, the quickest way to reduce the effects of impedance coupling is to minimize

    the impedance of the return wire. The best solution is to use a separate return for each

    individual signal (Figure ).


    16 PracticalIndustrialDataCommunications

    Figure

    Impedance coupling

    Figure

    Impedance coupling eliminated with separate ground returns

    Electrostatic or capacitive coupling

    This form of coupling is proportional to the capacitance between the noise source and the

    signal wires. The magnitude of the interference depends on the rate of change of the noise

    voltage and the capacitance between the noise circuit and the signal circuit.

    In Figure , the noise voltage is coupled into the communication signal wires

    through two capacitors, C1 and C 2, and a noise voltage is produced across the resistance in

    the circuit. The size of the noise (or error) voltage in the signal wires is proportional

    to the:

    • Inverse of the distance of noise voltage from each of the signal wires

    • Length (and hence impedance) of the signal wires into which the noise is

    induced


    General topics 17

    • Amplitude (or strength) of the noise voltage

    • Frequency of the noise voltage

    • There are four methods for reducing the noise induced by electrostatic

    coupling. They are:

    Figure

    Electrostatic coupling

    – Shielding of the signal wires

    – Separating from the source of the noise

    – Reducing the amplitude of the noise voltage (and possibly the frequency)

    – Twisting of the signal wires.

    The problem can be addressed by installing an electrostatic shield around the signal

    wires. The currents generated by the noise voltages prefer to flow down the lower

    impedance path of the shield rather than the signal wires. If one of the signal wires and

    the shield are tied to the ground at one point, which ensures that the shield and the signal

    wires are at an identical potential, then reduced signal current flows between the signal

    wires and the shield (Figure ).

    Figure

    Shield to minimize electrostatic coupling


    18 PracticalIndustrialDataCommunications

    The shield must be of a low resistance material such as aluminum or copper. For

    a loosely braided copper shield (85% braid coverage), the screening factor is about

    times or 20 dB. For a low resistance multi-layered screen, this screening factor can be

    35 dB or times.

    Twisting of the signal wires provides a slight improvement in reducing the induced

    noise voltage by ensuring that C1 and C2 are closer together in value; thus ensuring that

    any noise voltages induced in the signal wires tend to cancel each other out.

    Provision of a shield by a cable manufacturer ensures that the capacitance between

    the shield and each wire is equal in value, thus eliminating any noise voltages by

    cancellation.

    Magnetic or inductive coupling

    This depends on the rate of change of the noise current and the mutual inductance

    between the noise system and the signal wires. Expressed slightly differently, the degree

    of noise induced by magnetic coupling will depend on the:

    • Magnitude of the noise current

    • Frequency of the noise current

    • Area enclosed by the signal wires (through which the noise current magnetic

    flux cuts)

    • Inverse of the distance from the disturbing noise source to the signal wires.

    The effect of magnetic coupling is shown in Figure

    Figure

    Magnetic coupling

    The easiest way of reducing the noise voltage caused by magnetic coupling is to

    twist the signal conductors. This results in lower noise due to the smaller area for

    each loop. This means less magnetic flux to cut through the loop and consequently, a

    lower induced noise voltage. In addition, the noise voltage that is induced in each

    loop tends to cancel out the noise voltages from the next sequential loop. It is

    assumed that the noise voltage is induced in equal magnitudes in each signal wire due

    to the twisting of the wires giving a similar separation distance from the noise voltage

    (Figure ).

    The second approach is to use a magnetic shield around the signal wires. The magnetic

    flux generated from the noise currents induces small eddy currents in the magnetic shield.

    These eddy currents then create an opposing magnetic flux φ1 to the original flux φ2. This

    means a lesser flux (φ2 − φ1) reaches our circuit (Figure ).


    Figure

    Twisting of wires to reduce magnetic coupling

    Figure

    Use of magnetic shield to reduce magnetic coupling

    General topics 19

    Note: The magnetic shield does not require grounding. It works merely by being

    present. High-permeability steel makes best magnetic shields for special applications.

    However, galvanized steel conduit makes quite an effective shield.

    Radio frequency radiation

    The noise voltages induced by electrostatic and inductive coupling (discussed above) are

    manifestations of the near field effect, which is electromagnetic radiation close to the

    source of the noise. This sort of interference is often difficult to eliminate. It requires

    close attention to grounding of the adjacent electrical circuit, and the ground connection

    is only effective for circuits in close proximity to the electromagnetic radiation. The

    effects of electromagnetic radiation can be neglected unless the field strength exceeds

    1 V/m. This can be calculated by the formula:

    Where

    Field strength: V/m

    Power: kilowatt

    Distance: km.

    Field strength =

    2(Power)

    Distance


    20 PracticalIndustrialDataCommunications

    The two most commonly used mechanisms to minimize electromagnetic radiation are:

    1. Proper shielding (iron)

    2. Capacitors to shunt the noise voltages to ground.

    Any incompletely shielded conductors will perform as a receiving aerial for the radio

    signal, and hence, care should be taken to ensure good shielding of any exposed wiring.

    Shielding

    It is important that electrostatic shielding is only grounded at one point. More than one

    ground point will cause circulating currents. The shield should be insulated to prevent

    inadvertent contact with multiple ground points, which could result in circulating

    currents. The shield should never be left floating because that would tend to allow

    capacitive coupling, rendering the shield useless.

    Two useful techniques for isolating one circuit from the other are by the use of opto-

    isolation as shown in the Figure , and transformer coupling as shown in Figure

    Figure

    Opto-isolation of two circuits

    Figure

    Transformer coupling

    Although opto-isolation does isolate one circuit from the other, it does not prevent noise

    or interference being transmitted from one circuit to another.

    Transformer coupling can be preferable to optical isolation when there are high-speed

    transients in one circuit. There is some capacitive coupling between the LED and the base

    of the transistor, which is in the opto-coupler, can allow these types of transients to

    penetrate one circuit from another. This is not the case with transformer coupling.

    Good shielding performance ratios

    The use of some form of low resistance material covering the signal conductors is

    considered good shielding practice for reducing electrostatic coupling. When comparing

    shielding with no protection, this reduction can vary from copper braid (85% coverage),

    which returns a noise reduction ratio of : 1 to aluminum Mylar tape with drain wire,

    with a ratio of : 1.


    General topics 21

    Twisting the wires to reduce inductive coupling reduces the noise (in comparison to no

    twisting) by ratios varying from 14 : 1 (for 4 in. lay) to : 1 (for 1 in. lay). In

    comparison, putting parallel (untwisted) wires into steel conduit only gives a noise

    reduction of 22 : 1.

    On very sensitive circuits with high levels of magnetic and electrostatic coupling, the

    approach is to use coaxial cables. Double-shielded cable can give good results for very

    sensitive circuits.

    Note: With double shielding, the outer shield could be grounded at multiple points to

    minimize radio frequency circulating loops. This distance should be set at intervals of less

    than one-eighth of the wavelength of the radio frequency noise.

    Cable ducting or raceways

    These are useful in providing a level of attenuation of electric and magnetic fields. These

    figures are done at 60 Hz for magnetic fields and kHz for electric fields.

    Typical screening factors are:

    Cable spacing

    • 5 cm (2 in.) aluminum conduit with in. thickness: magnetic fields

    (at 60 Hz) : 1, electric fields (at kHz) : 1

    • Galvanized steel conduit 5 cm (2 in.), wall thickness in. width: magnetic

    fields (at 60 Hz) 40 : 1, electric fields (at kHz) : 1.

    In situations where there are a large number of cables varying in voltage and current

    levels, the IEEE – standard has developed a useful set of tables indicating

    separation distances for various classes of cables. There are four classification levels of

    susceptibility for cables. Susceptibility, in this context, is understood to be an indication

    of how well the signal circuit can differentiate between the undesirable noise and required

    signal. It follows a data communication physical standard such as RSE that would

    have a high susceptibility and a V, A AC cable that has a low susceptibility.

    The four susceptibility levels defined by the IEEE standard are briefly:

    • Level 1 (high): This is defined as analog signals less than 50 V and digital signals

    less than 15 V. This would include digital logic buses and telephone circuits.

    Data communication cables fall into this category.

    • Level 2 (medium): This category includes analog signals greater than 50 V

    and switching circuits.

    • Level 3 (low): This includes switching signals greater than 50 V and analog

    signals greater than 50 V. Currents less than 20 A are also included in this

    category.

    • Level 4 (power): This includes voltages in the range 0– V and currents in the

    range 20– A. This applies to both AC and DC circuits.

    IEEE also provides for three different situations when calculating the separation

    distance required between the various levels of susceptibilities.

    In considering the specific case where one cable is a high-susceptibility cable and the other

    cable has a varying susceptibility, the required separation distance would vary as follows:

    • Both cables contained in a separate tray

    – Level 1 to Level 2–30 mm

    – Level 1 to Level 3– mm

    – Level 1 to Level 4– mm


    22 PracticalIndustrialDataCommunications

    • One cable contained in a tray and the other in conduit

    – Level 1 to Level 2–30 mm

    – Level 1 to Level 3– mm

    – Level 1 to Level 4– mm

    • Both cables contained in separate conduit

    – Level 1 to Level 2–30 mm

    – Level 1 to Level 3–80 mm

    – Level 1 to Level 4– mm.

    Figures are approximate as the original standard is quoted in inches. A few words need

    to be said about the construction of the trays and conduits. The trays are to be

    manufactured from metal and firmly grounded with complete continuity throughout the

    length of the tray. The trays should also be fully covered preventing the possibility of any

    area being without shielding.

    Grounding requirements

    This is a contentious issue and a detailed discussion laying out all the theory and practice

    is possibly the only way to minimize the areas of disagreement. The picture is further

    complicated by different national codes, which whilst not actively disagreeing with the

    basic precepts of other countries, tend to lay down different practical techniques in the

    implementation of a good grounding system.

    A typical design should be based around three separate ground systems. They are:

    1. The equipment (or instrument) ground

    2. The chassis (or safety) ground

    3. The earth ground.

    The aims of these systems are:

    • To minimize the electrical noise in the system

    • To reduce the effects of fault or ground loop currents on the instrumentation

    system

    • To minimize the hazardous voltages on equipment due to electrical faults.

    Ground is defined as a common reference point for all signals in equipment situated at

    zero potential. Below 10 MHz, a single point grounding system is the optimum solution.

    Two key concepts to be considered when setting up an effective grounding system are:

    1. To minimize the effects of impedance coupling between different circuits (i.e.

    when three different currents, for example, flow through a common impedance)

    2. To ensure that ground loops are not created (for example, by mistakenly tying

    the screen of a cable at two points to ground).

    There are three types of grounding system possible as shown in Figure The series

    single point is perhaps more common; while the parallel single point is the preferred

    approach with a separate ground system for different groups of signals.

    Suppression techniques

    It is often appropriate to approach the problem of electrical noise proactively by limiting

    the noise at the source. This requires knowledge of the electrical apparatus that is causing

    the noise and then attempting to reduce the noise caused here. The two main approaches

    are shown here.


    Figure

    Various grounding configurations

    Figure

    Suppression networks (snubbers)

    General topics 23

    In Figure , the inductance will generate a back emf across the contacts when the

    voltage source applied to it is switched off. This RC network then takes this back emf and

    thus reduces damage to the contacts.

    The voltage can be limited by various combinations of devices, depending on whether

    the circuit is AC or DC.

    Circuit designers should be aware that the response time of the coil could be reduced

    significantly. For example, the dropout time of a coil can be increased by a factor of ten.

    Hence, this should be approached with caution, where quick response is required from

    regular switched circuits (apart from the obvious negative impact on safety due to

    slowness of operation).


    24 PracticalIndustrialDataCommunications

    Filtering

    Silicon-controlled rectifiers (SCRs) and triacs generate considerable electrical noise due

    to the switching of large currents. A possible solution is to place a correctly sized

    inductor in series with the switching device.

    Filtering should be done as close to the source of noise as possible. Table summarizes

    some typical sources of noise and possible filtering means.

    Typical Sources of

    Noise

    AC voltage varies Improved ferroresonant

    transformer

    Notching of AC

    waveform form

    Missing half cycle in

    AC waveform

    Filtering Remedy Comments

    Improved ferroresonant

    transformer

    Improved ferroresonant

    transformer

    Conventional ferroresonant transformer fails

    Conventional ferroresonant transformer fails

    Conventional ferroresonant transformer fails

    Notching in DC line Storage capacitor For extreme cases active power line filters are

    required

    Random excessively

    high-voltage

    spikes or transients

    High-frequency

    components

    Non-linear filters Also called limiters

    Filter capacitors across

    the line

    Called low-pass filtering – great care should

    be taken with high frequency vs

    performance of ‘capacitors’ at this

    frequency

    Ringing of filters Use T filters From switching transients or high level of

    harmonics

    60 Hz or 50 Hz

    interference

    Common mode

    voltages

    Twin-T RC notch filter

    networks

    Avoid filtering (isolation

    transformers or

    common-mode filters)

    Excessive noise Auto or cross correlation

    techniques

    Table

    Typical noise sources and some possible means of filtering

    Ingress protection

    Sometimes low-pass filters can be suitable

    Opto-isolation is preferred eliminates ground

    loop

    Extracts the signal spectrum from the closely

    overlapping noise spectrum

    The ingress protection (IP) rating system is recognized in most countries and is described

    by several standards, including IEC It describes the degree of protection offered

    by an enclosure. This enclosure can be of any description, including a cable, cable

    assembly, connector body, the casing of a network hub, or a large cabinet used to enclose

    electronic equipment.


    Enclosures are rated in the format ‘IP xy’ or ‘IP xyz’.

    General topics 25

    • The first digit of the IP designation (x) describes the degree of protection

    against access to hazardous parts and ingress of solid objects.

    • The second digit (y) designates the degree of protection against water. Refer to

    the appropriate sections of IEC for complete information regarding

    applications, features, and design tests.

    • The third digit (z) describes the degree of protection against mechanical

    impacts and is often omitted. It does, e.g. apply to metal enclosures but not to

    cables or cable assemblies.

    Here follows a list of meanings attributed to the digits of the IP rating.

    1st Protection Against

    Foreign Objects

    2nd Protection Against

    Moisture

    3rd Protection

    Against

    Mechanical

    Impacts

    0 Not protected 0 Not protected 0 Not protected

    1 Protected against objects

    greater than 50 mm

    diameter (e.g. hand

    contact)

    2 Protected against objects

    greater than 12 mm

    (e.g. fingers)

    3 Protected against objects

    greater than mm

    (e.g. tolls, wires)

    4 Protected against objects

    greater than mm

    (e.g. small tools, small

    wires)

    5 Dust protected – limited

    ingress permitted

    (no harmful deposits)

    6 Dust tight – totally protected

    against dust (no deposits

    at all)

    1 Protected against dripping

    water (falling vertically,

    e.g. condensation)

    2 Protected against dripping

    water when tilted 15° to

    either side

    3 Protected against rain up

    to 60° from vertical

    4 Protected against

    splashing water, any

    direction

    5 Protected against water

    jets (with nozzles)

    6 Protected against heavy

    seas

    7 N/a 7 Protection against effects

    of immersion

    8 N/a 8 Protection against

    submersion

    1 Impact J

    2 Impact J

    3 Impact J

    4 N/a

    5 Impact J

    6 N/a

    7 Impact J

    8 N/a

    9 N/a 9 N/a 9 Impact J

    For example, a marking of IP 68 would indicate a dust tight (first digit = 6) piece of

    equipment that is protected against submersion in water (second digit = 8).


    Cable characteristics

    Copper cable

    Two main types of copper cable are used in industrial communications. They are:

    Cable structure

    1. Coaxial cable, also referred to as coax

    2. Twisted-pair cable, which can be shielded (STP/ScTP/FTP) or unshielded (UTP).

    All copper cable types have the following components in common:

    Conductor

    • One or more conductors to provide a medium for the signal

    • Insulation of some sort around the conductors to help keep the signal in and

    interference out

    • An outer sheath, or jacket, to encase the cable elements. The sheath keeps the

    cable components together, and may also help protect the cable components

    from water, pressure, or other types of damage.

    For copper cables, the conductor is known as the signal (carrier) wire and may consist of

    either solid or stranded wire. Solid wire is a single thick strand of conductive material,

    usually copper. A stranded wire consists of many thin strands of conductive material

    wound tightly together.

    The signal wire is described in terms of the following:

    Insulation

    • The type of conductive material

    • Whether the wire is stranded or solid

    • The carrier wire diameter, expressed directly (in inches, centimeters, or

    millimeters) or in terms of the wire gauge as specified in the AWG (American

    wire gage)

    • The diameter of the strands, which determines some of the wire’s electrical

    properties such as resistance and impedance. These properties, in turn, help

    determine the wire’s performance.

    The insulating layer keeps the signal from escaping and helps to protect the signal from

    outside interference. The insulation is usually made of a dielectric such as polyethylene.


    Copper cable 27

    Some types of coaxial cable have multiple protective layers around the signal wire. The

    size of the insulating layer determines the spacing between the conductors in a cable and

    therefore its capacitance and impedance.

    Cable sheath

    The outer casing (sheath) of the cable provides a shell that keeps the cable elements

    together. The sheath differs for indoor and outdoor exposure. Outdoor cable sheaths tend

    to be black, with appropriate resistance to UV light, and have enhanced water resistance.

    Two main classes of sheath for indoor use are plenum and non-plenum.

    For certain environments, local laws require plenum (a plenum is the space between a

    ceiling and a roof) cable. It must be used when the cable is being run ‘naked’ (without being

    put in a conduit) inside walls and above ceilings, and should probably be used whenever

    possible. Plenum sheaths are made of non-flammable fluoropolymers such as Teflon or

    Kynar. They are fire resistant and do not give off toxic fumes when burning. They are also

    considerably more expensive than cables with non-plenum sheaths. Plenum cable specified

    for networks installed in the USA should generally meet the NEC (national electrical code)

    CMP (communications plenum cable) or CL2P (class 2 plenum cable) specifications.

    Networks installed in other countries may have to meet equivalent safety standards, and

    these should be determined before installation. The cable should also be underwriters

    laboratories (UL) listed for UL, which subjects plenum cable to a flammability test.

    Non-plenum cable uses less expensive material for the sheath, so it is consequently less

    expensive, but it can often be used only under restricted conditions. Non-plenum cable

    Источник: [storycall.us]
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If the API is manually enabled, attackers with both network access to the API and valid credentials can read and write data to it; regardless of access control group membership settings. This vulnerability is fixed in Mobility v CVEThe access controls on the Mobility read-only API improperly validate user access permissions. Attackers with both network access to the API and valid credentials can read data from it; regardless of access control group membership settings. This vulnerability is fixed in Mobility v and Mobility v CVEAn information disclosure vulnerability in the GitLab CE/EE API since version allows a user to see basic information on private groups that a public project has been shared with CVEAn Improper Access Control vulnerability in the GraphQL API in GitLab CE/EE since version allows a Merge Request creator to resolve discussions and apply suggestions after a project owner has locked the Merge Request CVEIn all versions of GitLab CE/EE since version , a privileged user, through an API call, can change the visibility level of a group or a project to a restricted option even after the instance administrator sets that visibility option as restricted in settings. CVEIn all versions of GitLab EE since version , due to an insecure direct object reference vulnerability, an endpoint may reveal the protected branch name to a malicious user who makes a crafted API call with the ID of the protected branch. CVEIn all versions of GitLab EE since version , a specific API endpoint may reveal details about a private group and other sensitive info inside issue and merge request templates. CVEIn all versions of GitLab CE/EE since version , it is possible to see pending invitations of any public group or public project by visiting an API endpoint. CVEIn all versions of GitLab CE/EE since version , an improper access control vulnerability allows users with expired password to still access GitLab through git and API through access tokens acquired before password expiration. CVEIn all versions of GitLab CE/EE since version , an instance that has the setting to disable Bitbucket Server import enabled is bypassed by an attacker making a crafted API call. CVEIn all versions of GitLab CE/EE since version , an instance that has the setting to disable Repo by URL import enabled is bypassed by an attacker making a crafted API call. CVEThe Credova_Financial WordPress plugin discloses a site's associated Credova API account username and password in plaintext via an AJAX action whenever a site user goes to checkout on a page that has the Credova Financing option enabled. This affects versions up to, and including, CVEThe OptinMonster WordPress plugin is vulnerable to sensitive information disclosure and unauthorized setting updates due to insufficient authorization validation via the logged_in_or_has_api_key function in the ~/OMAPI/storycall.us file that can used to exploit inject malicious web scripts on sites with the plugin installed. This affects versions up to, and including, CVEGrafana is an open source data visualization platform. In affected versions unauthenticated and authenticated users are able to view the snapshot with the lowest database key by accessing the literal paths: /dashboard/snapshot/:key, or /api/snapshots/:key. If the snapshot "public_mode" configuration setting is set to true (vs default of false), unauthenticated users are able to delete the snapshot with the lowest database key by accessing the literal path: /api/snapshots-delete/:deleteKey. Regardless of the snapshot "public_mode" setting, authenticated users are able to delete the snapshot with the lowest database key by accessing the literal paths: /api/snapshots/:key, or /api/snapshots-delete/:deleteKey. The combination of deletion and viewing enables a complete walk through all snapshot data while resulting in complete snapshot data loss. This issue has been resolved in versions and If for some reason you cannot upgrade you can use a reverse proxy or similar to block access to the literal paths: /api/snapshots/:key, /api/snapshots-delete/:deleteKey, /dashboard/snapshot/:key, and /api/snapshots/:key. They have no normal function and can be disabled without side effects. CVEWasmtime is an open source runtime for WebAssembly & WASI. Wasmtime before version is affected by a type confusion vulnerability. As a Rust library the `wasmtime` crate clearly marks which functions are safe and which are `unsafe`, guaranteeing that if consumers never use `unsafe` then it should not be possible to have memory unsafety issues in their embeddings of Wasmtime. An issue was discovered in the safe API of `Linker::func_*` APIs. These APIs were previously not sound when one `Engine` was used to create the `Linker` and then a different `Engine` was used to create a `Store` and then the `Linker` was used to instantiate a module into that `Store`. Cross-`Engine` usage of functions is not supported in Wasmtime and this can result in type confusion of function pointers, resulting in being able to safely call a function with the wrong type. Triggering this bug requires using at least two `Engine` values in an embedding and then additionally using two different values with a `Linker` (one at the creation time of the `Linker` and another when instantiating a module with the `Linker`). It's expected that usage of more-than-one `Engine` in an embedding is relatively rare since an `Engine` is intended to be a globally shared resource, so the expectation is that the impact of this issue is relatively small. The fix implemented is to change this behavior to `panic!()` in Rust instead of silently allowing it. Using different `Engine` instances with a `Linker` is a programmer bug that `wasmtime` catches at runtime. This bug has been patched and users should upgrade to Wasmtime version If you cannot upgrade Wasmtime and are using more than one `Engine` in your embedding it's recommended to instead use only one `Engine` for the entire program if possible. An `Engine` is designed to be a globally shared resource that is suitable to have only one for the lifetime of an entire process. If using multiple `Engine`s is required then code should be audited to ensure that `Linker` is only used with one `Engine`. CVEGLPI is a free Asset and IT management software package. Starting in version and prior to version , GLPI with API Rest enabled is vulnerable to API bypass with custom header injection. This issue is fixed in version One may disable API Rest as a workaround. CVEpcapture is an open source dumpcap web service interface . In affected versions this vulnerability allows an authenticated but unprivileged user to use the REST API to capture and download packets with no capture filter and without adequate permissions. This is important because the capture filters can effectively limit the scope of information that a user can see in the data captures. If no filter is present, then all data on the local network segment where the program is running can be captured and downloaded. v fixes this problem. There is no workaround, you must upgrade to v or greater. CVEGhost is a storycall.us content management system. An error in the implementation of the limits service between versions and allows all authenticated users (including contributors) to view admin-level API keys via the integrations API endpoint, leading to a privilege escalation vulnerability. This issue is patched in Ghost version As a workaround, disable all non-Administrator accounts to prevent API access. It is highly recommended to regenerate all API keys after patching or applying the workaround. CVEElectron is a framework for writing cross-platform desktop applications using JavaScript, HTML and CSS. A vulnerability in versions prior to , , and allows a sandboxed renderer to request a "thumbnail" image of an arbitrary file on the user's system. The thumbnail can potentially include significant parts of the original file, including textual data in many cases. Versions alpha, , , , and all contain a fix for the vulnerability. Two workarounds aside from upgrading are available. One may make the vulnerability significantly more difficult for an attacker to exploit by enabling `contextIsolation` in one's app. One may also disable the functionality of the `createThumbnailFromPath` API if one does not need it. CVEDHIS 2 is an information system for data capture, management, validation, analytics and visualization. A SQL Injection vulnerability in the Tracker component in DHIS2 Server allows authenticated remote attackers to execute arbitrary SQL commands via unspecified vectors. This vulnerability affects the `/api/trackedEntityInstances` and `/api/trackedEntityInstances/query` API endpoints in all DHIS2 versions , , and It also affects versions and which have reached _end of support_ - exceptional security updates have been added to the latest *end of support* builds for these versions. Versions and older are unaffected. The system is vulnerable to attack only from users that are logged in to DHIS2, and there is no known way of exploiting the vulnerability without first being logged in as a DHIS2 user. The vulnerability is not exposed to a non-malicious user - the vulnerability requires a conscious attack to be exploited. A successful exploit of this vulnerability could allow the malicious user to read, edit and delete data in the DHIS2 instance. There are no known exploits of the security vulnerabilities addressed by these patch releases. Security patches are available in DHIS2 versions EOS, EOS, , , and There is no straightforward known workaround for DHIS2 instances using the Tracker functionality other than upgrading the affected DHIS2 server to one of the patches in which this vulnerability has been fixed. For implementations which do NOT use Tracker functionality, it may be possible to block all network access to POST to the `/api/trackedEntityInstances`, and `/api/trackedEntityInstances/query` endpoints as a temporary workaround while waiting to upgrade. CVEMisskey is a decentralized microblogging platform. In versions of Misskey prior to , malicious actors can use the web client built-in dialog to display a malicious string, leading to cross-site scripting (XSS). XSS could compromise the API request token. This issue has been fixed in version There are no known workarounds aside from upgrading. CVEMatrix is an ecosystem for open federated Instant Messaging and Voice over IP. In versions and prior, unauthorised users can access the name, avatar, topic and number of members of a room if they know the ID of the room. This vulnerability is limited to homeservers where the vulnerable homeserver is in the room and untrusted users are permitted to create groups (communities). By default, only homeserver administrators can create groups. However, homeserver administrators can already access this information in the database or using the admin API. As a result, only homeservers where the configuration setting `enable_group_creation` has been set to `true` are impacted. Server administrators should upgrade to or higher to patch the vulnerability. There are two potential workarounds. Server administrators can set `enable_group_creation` to `false` in their homeserver configuration (this is the default value) to prevent creation of groups by non-administrators. Administrators that are using a reverse proxy could, with partial loss of group functionality, block the endpoints `/_matrix/client/r0/groups/{group_id}/rooms` and `/_matrix/client/unstable/groups/{group_id}/rooms`. CVEBinderHub is a kubernetes-based cloud service that allows users to share reproducible interactive computing environments from code repositories. In affected versions a remote code execution vulnerability has been identified in BinderHub, where providing BinderHub with maliciously crafted input could execute code in the BinderHub context, with the potential to egress credentials of the BinderHub deployment, including JupyterHub API tokens, kubernetes service accounts, and docker registry credentials. This may provide the ability to manipulate images and other user created pods in the deployment, with the potential to escalate to the host depending on the underlying kubernetes configuration. Users are advised to update to version n If users are unable to update they may disable the git repo provider by specifying the `storycall.us_providers` as a workaround. CVEParse Server is an open source backend that can be deployed to any infrastructure that can run storycall.us Developers can use the REST API to signup users and also allow users to login anonymously. Prior to version , when an anonymous user is first signed up using REST, the server creates session incorrectly. Particularly, the `authProvider` field in `_Session` class under `createdWith` shows the user logged in creating a password. If a developer later depends on the `createdWith` field to provide a different level of access between a password user and anonymous user, the server incorrectly classified the session type as being created with a `password`. The server does not currently use `createdWith` to make decisions about internal functions, so if a developer is not using `createdWith` directly, they are not affected. The vulnerability only affects users who depend on `createdWith` by using it directly. The issue is patched in Parse Server version As a workaround, do not use the `createdWith` Session field to make decisions if one allows anonymous login. CVEAffected versions of Atlassian Jira Server and Data Center allow anonymous remote attackers to view users' emails via an Information Disclosure vulnerability in the /rest/api/2/search endpoint. The affected versions are before version , from version before , and from version before CVEAffected versions of Atlassian Jira Server and Data Center allow authenticated remote attackers to enumerate the keys of private Jira projects via an Information Disclosure vulnerability in the /rest/api/latest/projectvalidate/key endpoint. The affected versions are before version , from version before , and from version before CVEAffected versions of Atlassian Jira Server and Data Center allow remote attackers to discover the usernames and full names of users via an enumeration vulnerability in the /rest/api//render endpoint. The affected versions are before version CVEThe deferred_image_processing (aka Deferred image processing) extension before for TYPO3 allows Denial of Service via the FAL API because of /var/transient disk consumption. CVEThe remove API in v1/controller/cloudStorage/alibabaCloud/remove/storycall.us in netless Agora Flat Server before mishandles file ownership. CVEDelta Electronics DIALink versions and prior is vulnerable to cross-site scripting because an authenticated attacker can inject arbitrary JavaScript code into the parameter comment of the API events, which may allow an attacker to remotely execute code. CVEMany API function codes receive raw pointers remotely from the user and trust these pointers as valid in-bound memory regions. An attacker can manipulate API functions by writing arbitrary data into the resolved address of a raw pointer. CVEThere are multiple API function codes that permit reading and writing data to or from files and directories, which could lead to the manipulation and/or the deletion of files. CVEThe database connection to the server is performed by calling a specific API, which could allow an unprivileged user to gain SYSDBA permissions. CVEThere are multiple API function codes that permit data writing to any file, which may allow an attacker to modify existing files or create new files. CVEThe affected product does not properly control the allocation of resources. A user may be able to allocate unlimited memory buffers using API functions. CVESome API functions allow interaction with the registry, which includes reading values as well as data modification. CVESome API functions permit by-design writing or copying data into a given buffer. Since the client controls these parameters, an attacker could rewrite the memory in any location of the affected product. CVEAn authenticated user using Advantech WebAccess SCADA in versions and prior can use API functions to disclose project names and paths from other users. CVEDelta Electronics DIALink versions and prior is vulnerable to cross-site scripting because an authenticated attacker can inject arbitrary JavaScript code into the parameter name of the API schedule, which may allow an attacker to remotely execute code. CVEDelta Electronics DIALink versions and prior is vulnerable to cross-site scripting because an authenticated attacker can inject arbitrary JavaScript code into the parameter deviceName of the API modbusWriter-Reader, which may allow an attacker to remotely execute code. CVEDelta Electronics DIALink versions and prior is vulnerable to cross-site scripting because an authenticated attacker can inject arbitrary JavaScript code into the parameter name of the API devices, which may allow an attacker to remotely execute code. CVEDelta Electronics DIALink versions and prior is vulnerable to cross-site scripting because an authenticated attacker can inject arbitrary JavaScript code into the parameter supplier of the API maintenance, which may allow an attacker to remotely execute code. CVEThe Gutenberg Template Library & Redux Framework plugin <= for WordPress used an incorrect authorization check in the REST API endpoints registered under the &#;redux/v1/templates/&#; REST Route in &#;redux-templates/classes/storycall.us&#;. The `permissions_callback` used in this file only checked for the `edit_posts` capability which is granted to lower-privileged users such as contributors, allowing such users to install arbitrary plugins from the WordPress repository and edit arbitrary posts. CVEOn version and below of Lider module in LiderAhenk software is leaking it's configurations via an unsecured API. An attacker with an access to the configurations API could get valid LDAP credentials. CVERoxy-WI through allows command injection via /app/storycall.us and /api/api_storycall.us CVECorero SecureWatch Managed Services is affected by a Path Traversal vulnerability via the snap_file parameter in the /it-IT/splunkd/__raw/services/get_snapshot HTTP API endpoint. A &#;low privileged&#; attacker can read any file on the target host. CVEIn addBouquet in js/storycall.us in OpenWebif (aka e2openplugin-OpenWebif) through , inserting JavaScript into the Add Bouquet feature of the Bouquet Editor (i.e., bouqueteditor/api/addbouquet?name=) leads to Stored XSS. CVEThe REST API in Planview Spigit allows remote unauthenticated attackers to query sensitive user accounts data, as demonstrated by an api/v1/users/1 request. CVEUse after free in File System API in Google Chrome prior to allowed a remote attacker to potentially exploit heap corruption via a crafted HTML page. CVEInappropriate implementation in Background Fetch API in Google Chrome prior to allowed a remote attacker to leak cross-origin data via a crafted HTML page. CVEInappropriate implementation in Background Fetch API in Google Chrome prior to allowed a remote attacker who had compromised the renderer process to leak cross-origin data via a crafted HTML page. CVEInappropriate implementation in Background Fetch API in Google Chrome prior to allowed a remote attacker to leak cross-origin data via a crafted HTML page. CVEShopware is an open source eCommerce platform. Versions prior to contain a vulnerability that allows manipulation of product reviews via API. Version contains a patch. As workarounds for older versions of , , and , corresponding security measures are also available via a plugin. CVEOneFuzz is an open source self-hosted Fuzzing-As-A-Service platform. Starting with OneFuzz or greater, an incomplete authorization check allows an authenticated user from any Azure Active Directory tenant to make authorized API calls to a vulnerable OneFuzz instance. To be vulnerable, a OneFuzz deployment must be both version or greater and deployed with the non-default --multi_tenant_domain option. This can result in read/write access to private data such as software vulnerability and crash information, security testing tools and proprietary code and symbols. Via authorized API calls, this also enables tampering with existing data and unauthorized code execution on Azure compute resources. This issue is resolved starting in release , via the addition of application-level check of the bearer token's `issuer` against an administrator-configured allowlist. As a workaround users can restrict access to the tenant of a deployed OneFuzz instance < by redeploying in the default configuration, which omits the `--multi_tenant_domain` option. CVETensorFlow is an end-to-end open source platform for machine learning. In affected versions an attacker can trigger a crash via a `CHECK`-fail in debug builds of TensorFlow using `storycall.us_storycall.usceGather` or a read from outside the bounds of heap allocated data in the same API in a release build. The [implementation](storycall.us#LL) does not check that the `batch_dims` value that the user supplies is less than the rank of the input tensor. Since the implementation uses several for loops over the dimensions of `tensor`, this results in reading data from outside the bounds of heap allocated buffer backing the tensor. We have patched the issue in GitHub commit bc9ccec57c2f15cb3ddea1d. The fix will be included in TensorFlow We will also cherrypick this commit on TensorFlow , TensorFlow , and TensorFlow , as these are also affected and still in supported range. CVETensorFlow is an end-to-end open source platform for machine learning. Sending invalid argument for `row_partition_types` of `storycall.us_storycall.usTensorToTensor` API results in a null pointer dereference and undefined behavior. The [implementation](storycall.us#L) accesses the first element of a user supplied list of values without validating that the provided list is not empty. We have patched the issue in GitHub commit ae88bd37a2ab65bf4f9eb The fix will be included in TensorFlow We will also cherrypick this commit on TensorFlow , TensorFlow , and TensorFlow , as these are also affected and still in supported range. CVEZoho ManageEngine ServiceDesk Plus before is vulnerable to authentication bypass that allows a few REST-API URLs without authentication. CVEIn RPCMS v and below, attackers can interact with API and change variable "role" to "admin" to achieve admin user registration. CVEIn RPCMS v and below, the "nickname" variable is not properly sanitized before being displayed on page. When the API functions are enabled, the attacker can use API to update user nickname with XSS payload and achieve stored XSS. Users who view the articles published by the injected user will trigger the XSS. CVEThe employee management page of Flygo contains an Insecure Direct Object Reference (IDOR) vulnerability. After being authenticated as a general user, remote attacker can manipulate the user data and then over-write another employee&#;s user data by specifying that employee&#;s ID in the API parameter. CVECyberArk Identity , when handling an invalid authentication attempt, sometimes reveals whether the username is valid. In certain authentication policy configurations with MFA, the API response length can be used to differentiate between a valid user and an invalid one (aka Username Enumeration). Response differentiation enables attackers to enumerate usernames of valid application users. Attackers can use this information to leverage brute-force and dictionary attacks in order to discover valid account information such as passwords. CVEIn order to decrypt SM2 encrypted data an application is expected to call the API function EVP_PKEY_decrypt(). Typically an application will call this function twice. The first time, on entry, the "out" parameter can be NULL and, on exit, the "outlen" parameter is populated with the buffer size required to hold the decrypted plaintext. The application can then allocate a sufficiently sized buffer and call EVP_PKEY_decrypt() again, but this time passing a non-NULL value for the "out" parameter. A bug in the implementation of the SM2 decryption code means that the calculation of the buffer size required to hold the plaintext returned by the first call to EVP_PKEY_decrypt() can be smaller than the actual size required by the second call. This can lead to a buffer overflow when EVP_PKEY_decrypt() is called by the application a second time with a buffer that is too small. A malicious attacker who is able present SM2 content for decryption to an application could cause attacker chosen data to overflow the buffer by up to a maximum of 62 bytes altering the contents of other data held after the buffer, possibly changing application behaviour or causing the application to crash. The location of the buffer is application dependent but is typically heap allocated. Fixed in OpenSSL l (Affected k). CVEThe miniorange_saml (aka Miniorange Saml) extension before for TYPO3 allows Sensitive Data Exposure of API credentials and private keys. CVEThe CheckMK management web console (versions to ) does not sanitise user input in various parameters of the WATO module. This allows an attacker to open a backdoor on the device with HTML content and interpreted by the browser (such as JavaScript or other client-side scripts), the XSS payload will be triggered when the user accesses some specific sections of the application. In the same sense a very dangerous potential way would be when an attacker who has the monitor role (not administrator) manages to get a stored XSS to steal the secretAutomation (for the use of the API in administrator mode) and thus be able to create another administrator user who has high privileges on the CheckMK monitoring web console. Another way is that persistent XSS allows an attacker to modify the displayed content or change the victim's information. Successful exploitation requires access to the web management interface, either with valid credentials or with a hijacked session. CVEEmissary-Ingress (formerly Ambassador API Gateway) through allows attackers to bypass client certificate requirements (i.e., mTLS cert_required) on backend upstreams when more than one TLSContext is defined and at least one configuration exists that does not require client certificate authentication. The attacker must send an SNI specifying an unprotected backend and an HTTP Host header specifying a protected backend. (2.x versions are unaffected. 1.x versions are unaffected with certain configuration settings involving prune_unreachable_routes and a wildcard Host resource.) CVEDell Networking OS10, versions x, x, x & x, contain an uncontrolled resource consumption flaw in its API service. A high-privileged API user may potentially exploit this vulnerability, leading to a denial of service. CVENetworking OS10, versions prior to October with RESTCONF API enabled, contains a privilege escalation vulnerability. A malicious low privileged user with specific access to the API could potentially exploit this vulnerability to gain admin privileges on the affected system. CVENetworking OS10, versions prior to October with RESTCONF API enabled, contains an authentication bypass vulnerability. A remote unauthenticated attacker could exploit this vulnerability to gain access and perform actions on the affected system. CVEHashiCorp Terraform Enterprise releases up to v did not properly perform authorization checks on a subset of API requests executed using the run token, allowing privilege escalation to organization owner. Fixed in v CVEAn issue was discovered in Grafana Cortex through The header value X-Scope-OrgID is used to construct file paths for rules files, and if crafted to conduct directory traversal such as ae ../../sensitive/path/in/deployment pathname, then Cortex will attempt to parse a rules file at that location and include some of the contents in the error message. (Other Cortex API requests can also be sent a malicious OrgID header, e.g., tricking the ingester into writing metrics to a different location, but the effect is nuisance rather than information disclosure.) CVEAn issue was discovered in the Translate extension in MediaWiki through The Aggregategroups Action API module does not validate the parameter for aggregategroup when action=remove is set, thus allowing users with the translate-manage right to silently delete various groups' metadata. CVEMagento Commerce versions (and earlier), p1 (and earlier) and (and earlier) are affected by an improper input validation vulnerability in the API File Option Upload Extension. An attacker with Admin privileges can achieve unrestricted file upload which can result in remote code execution. CVEMagento Commerce versions (and earlier), p1 (and earlier) and (and earlier) are affected by an improper input validation vulnerability. An attacker with admin privileges could make a crafted request to the Adobe Stock API to achieve remote code execution. CVEWestern Digital WD My Book Live (2.x and later) and WD My Book Live Duo (all versions) have an administrator API that can perform a system factory restore without authentication, as exploited in the wild in June , a different vulnerability than CVE CVEVulnerability in the MySQL Client product of Oracle MySQL (component: C API). Supported versions that are affected are and prior. Easily exploitable vulnerability allows low privileged attacker with network access via multiple protocols to compromise MySQL Client. Successful attacks of this vulnerability can result in unauthorized ability to cause a hang or frequently repeatable crash (complete DOS) of MySQL Client. CVSS Base Score (Availability impacts). CVSS Vector: (CVSS/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H). CVEA flaw was found in libvirt in the virConnectListAllNodeDevices API in versions before It only affects hosts with a PCI device and driver that supports mediated devices (e.g., GRID driver). This flaw could be used by an unprivileged client with a read-only connection to crash the libvirt daemon by executing the 'nodedev-list' virsh command. The highest threat from this vulnerability is to system availability. CVEThe Rest API component of TIBCO Software Inc.'s TIBCO JasperReports Server, TIBCO JasperReports Server, TIBCO JasperReports Server, TIBCO JasperReports Server, TIBCO JasperReports Server - Community Edition, TIBCO JasperReports Server - Developer Edition, TIBCO JasperReports Server for AWS Marketplace, TIBCO JasperReports Server for ActiveMatrix BPM, and TIBCO JasperReports Server for Microsoft Azure contain a race condition that allows a low privileged authenticated attacker via the REST API to obtain read access to temporary objects created by other users on the affected system. Affected releases are TIBCO Software Inc.'s TIBCO JasperReports Server: versions and below, TIBCO JasperReports Server: versions and , TIBCO JasperReports Server: version , TIBCO JasperReports Server: version , TIBCO JasperReports Server - Community Edition: versions and below, TIBCO JasperReports Server - Developer Edition: versions and below, TIBCO JasperReports Server for AWS Marketplace: versions and below, TIBCO JasperReports Server for ActiveMatrix BPM: versions and below, and TIBCO JasperReports Server for Microsoft Azure: version CVECommand Injection vulnerability in EmailWebPage API which can lead to a Remote Code Execution (RCE) from the Alerts Settings page. CVEIn MediaWiki before , x through x before , and x before , bots have certain unintended API access. When a bot account has a "sitewide block" applied, it is able to still "purge" pages through the MediaWiki Action API (which a "sitewide block" should have prevented). CVEA flaw was found in the Linux kernel in versions before The value of storycall.us, in the KVM API, is mapped to an array index, which can be updated by a user process at anytime which could lead to an out-of-bounds write. The highest threat from this vulnerability is to data integrity and system availability. CVEA smart proxy that provides a restful API to various sub-systems of the Foreman is affected by the flaw which can cause a Man-in-the-Middle attack. The FreeIPA module of Foreman smart proxy does not check the SSL certificate, thus, an unauthenticated attacker can perform actions in FreeIPA if certain conditions are met. The highest threat from this flaw is to system confidentiality. This flaw affects Foreman versions before CVEThere's a flaw in OpenEXR's Scanline API functionality in versions before beta. An attacker who is able to submit a crafted file to be processed by OpenEXR could trigger excessive consumption of memory, resulting in an impact to system availability. CVEA vulnerability in the API endpoints for Cisco DNA Center could allow an authenticated, remote attacker to gain access to sensitive information that should be restricted. The attacker must have valid device credentials. This vulnerability is due to improper access controls on API endpoints. An attacker could exploit the vulnerability by sending a specific API request to an affected application. A successful exploit could allow the attacker to obtain sensitive information about other users who are configured with higher privileges on the application. CVEA vulnerability in the web-based management interface of Cisco Common Services Platform Collector (CSPC) could allow an authenticated, remote attacker to access sensitive data on an affected system. This vulnerability exists because the application does not sufficiently protect sensitive data when responding to a specific API request. An attacker could exploit the vulnerability by sending a crafted HTTP request to the affected application. A successful exploit could allow the attacker to obtain sensitive information about the users of the application, including security questions and answers. To exploit this vulnerability an attacker would need valid Administrator credentials. Cisco expects to release software updates that address this vulnerability. CVEA vulnerability in the REST API of Cisco Evolved Programmable Network Manager (EPNM) could allow an authenticated, remote attacker to access sensitive data on an affected system. This vulnerability exists because the application does not sufficiently protect sensitive data when responding to an API request. An attacker could exploit the vulnerability by sending a specific API request to the affected application. A successful exploit could allow the attacker to obtain sensitive information about the application. CVEHitachi Vantara Pentaho Business Analytics through allows an unauthenticated user to execute arbitrary SQL queries on any Pentaho data source and thus retrieve data from the related databases, as demonstrated by an api/repos/dashboards/editor URI. CVEThe Ninja Forms WordPress plugin is vulnerable to arbitrary email sending via the trigger_email_action function found in the ~/includes/Routes/storycall.us file, in versions up to and including This allows authenticated attackers to send arbitrary emails from the affected server via the /ninja-forms-submissions/email-action REST API which can be used to socially engineer victims. CVEThe Ninja Forms WordPress plugin is vulnerable to sensitive information disclosure via the bulk_export_submissions function found in the ~/includes/Routes/storycall.us file, in versions up to and including This allows authenticated attackers to export all Ninja Forms submissions data via the /ninja-forms-submissions/export REST API which can include personally identifiable information. CVEThe Smart Email Alerts WordPress plugin is vulnerable to Reflected Cross-Site Scripting via the api_key in the ~/views/storycall.us file which allows attackers to inject arbitrary web scripts, in versions up to and including CVEThe SEOPress WordPress plugin is vulnerable to Stored Cross-Site-Scripting via the processPut function found in the ~/src/Actions/Api/storycall.us file which allows authenticated attackers to inject arbitrary web scripts, in versions - CVEIn Phoenix Contact FL MGUARD and in Versions , and a user with high privileges can inject HTML code (XSS) through web-based management or the REST API with a manipulated certificate file. CVEA flaw was found in Red Hat Satellite in tfm-rubygem-foreman_azure_rm in versions before A credential leak was identified which will expose Azure Resource Manager's secret key through JSON of the API output. The highest threat from this vulnerability is to data confidentiality and integrity as well as system availability. CVEAn Unrestricted Upload of File with Dangerous Type vulnerability in B. Braun SpaceCom2 prior to U allows remote attackers to upload any files to the /tmp directory of the device through the webpage API. This can result in critical files being overwritten. CVEapi/account/register in the TH Wildau COVID Contact Tracing application through has Incorrect Access Control. An attacker can interfere with tracing of infection chains by creating random users within seconds. CVE** DISPUTED ** GNOME Evolution through produces a "Valid signature" message for an unknown identifier on a previously trusted key because Evolution does not retrieve enough information from the GnuPG API. NOTE: third parties dispute the significance of this issue, and dispute whether Evolution is the best place to change this behavior. CVEAn issue was discovered in CommScope Ruckus IoT Controller and earlier. There are Unauthenticated API Endpoints. CVEAn issue was discovered in CommScope Ruckus IoT Controller and earlier. Hard-coded API Keys exist. CVEAn issue was discovered in CommScope Ruckus IoT Controller and earlier. The Web Application allows Arbitrary Read/Write actions by authenticated users. The API allows an HTTP POST of arbitrary content into any file on the filesystem as root. CVEAn issue was discovered in CommScope Ruckus IoT Controller and earlier. The API allows Directory Traversal. CVETime-of-check time-of-use vulnerability in the Crypto API Toolkit for Intel(R) SGX may allow a privileged user to potentially enable escalation of privilege via network access. CVEIn LabCup before <v2_next_, it is possible to use the save API to perform unauthorized actions for users without access to user management in order to, after successful exploitation, gain access to a victim's account. A user without the user-management privilege can change another user's email address if the attacker knows details of the victim such as the exact roles and group roles, ID, and remote authentication ID settings. These must be sent in a modified save API request. It was fixed in CVEZStack is open source IaaS(infrastructure as a service) software. In ZStack before versions and there is a pre-auth unsafe deserialization vulnerability in the REST API. An attacker in control of the request body will be able to provide both the class name and the data to be deserialized and therefore will be able to instantiate an arbitrary type and assign arbitrary values to its fields. This issue may lead to a Denial Of Service. If a suitable gadget is available, then an attacker may also be able to exploit this vulnerability to gain pre-auth remote code execution. For additional details see the referenced GHSL CVEEclipse Keti is a service that was designed to protect RESTfuls API using Attribute Based Access Control (ABAC). In Keti a sandbox escape vulnerability may lead to post-authentication Remote Code execution. This vulnerability is known to exist in the latest commit at the time of writing this CVE (commit a1c8dbe). For more details see the referenced GHSL CVEEclipse Keti is a service that was designed to protect RESTfuls API using Attribute Based Access Control (ABAC). In Keti a user able to create Policy Sets can run arbitrary code by sending malicious Groovy scripts which will escape the configured Groovy sandbox. This vulnerability is known to exist in the latest commit at the time of writing this CVE (commit a1c8dbe). For more details see the referenced GHSL CVEZStack is open source IaaS(infrastructure as a service) software aiming to automate datacenters, managing resources of compute, storage, and networking all by APIs. Affected versions of ZStack REST API are vulnerable to post-authentication Remote Code Execution (RCE) via bypass of the Groovy shell sandbox. The REST API exposes the GET zstack/v1/batch-queries?script endpoint which is backed up by the BatchQueryAction class. Messages are represented by the APIBatchQueryMsg, dispatched to the QueryFacadeImpl facade and handled by the BatchQuery class. The HTTP request parameter script is mapped to the storycall.us property and evaluated as a Groovy script in storycall.us the evaluation of the user-controlled Groovy script is sandboxed by SandboxTransformer which will apply the restrictions defined in the registered (storycall.user()) GroovyInterceptor. Even though the sandbox heavily restricts the receiver types to a small set of allowed types, the sandbox is non effective at controlling any code placed in Java annotations and therefore vulnerable to meta-programming escapes. This issue leads to post-authenticated remote code execution. For more details see the referenced GHSL This issue is patched in versions , , and CVEThe npm hbs package is an Express view engine wrapper for Handlebars. Depending on usage, users of hbs may be vulnerable to a file disclosure vulnerability. There is currently no patch for this vulnerability. hbs mixes pure template data with engine configuration options through the Express render API. By overwriting internal configuration options a file disclosure vulnerability may be triggered in downstream applications. For an example PoC see the referenced GHSL CVEExpress-handlebars is a Handlebars view engine for Express. Express-handlebars mixes pure template data with engine configuration options through the Express render API. More specifically, the layout parameter may trigger file disclosure vulnerabilities in downstream applications. This potential vulnerability is somewhat restricted in that only files with existing extentions (i.e. storycall.usion) can be included, files that lack an extension will have .handlebars appended to them. For complete details refer to the referenced GHSL report. Notes in documentation have been added to help users avoid this potential information exposure vulnerability. CVESquirrelly is a template engine implemented in JavaScript that works out of the box with ExpressJS. Squirrelly mixes pure template data with engine configuration options through the Express render API. By overwriting internal configuration options remote code execution may be triggered in downstream applications. There is currently no fix for these issues as of the publication of this CVE. The latest version of squirrelly is currently For complete details refer to the referenced GHSL CVEhaml-coffee is a JavaScript templating solution. haml-coffee mixes pure template data with engine configuration options through the Express render API. More specifically, haml-coffee supports overriding a series of HTML helper functions through its configuration options. A vulnerable application that passes user controlled request objects to the haml-coffee template engine may introduce RCE vulnerabilities. Additionally control over the escapeHtml parameter through template configuration pollution ensures that haml-coffee would not sanitize template inputs that may result in reflected Cross Site Scripting attacks against downstream applications. There is currently no fix for these issues as of the publication of this CVE. The latest version of haml-coffee is currently For complete details refer to the referenced GHSL CVEexpress-hbs is an Express handlebars template engine. express-hbs mixes pure template data with engine configuration options through the Express render API. More specifically, the layout parameter may trigger file disclosure vulnerabilities in downstream applications. This potential vulnerability is somewhat restricted in that only files with existing extentions (i.e. storycall.usion) can be included, files that lack an extension will have .hbs appended to them. For complete details refer to the referenced GHSL report. Notes in documentation have been added to help users of express-hbs avoid this potential information exposure vulnerability. CVEMonkshu is an enterprise application server for mobile apps (iOS and Android), responsive HTML 5 apps, and JSON API services. In version and earlier, there is a reflected cross-site scripting vulnerability in frontend HTTP server. The attacker can send in a carefully crafted URL along with a known bug in the server which will cause a error, and the response will then embed the URL provided by the hacker. The impact is moderate as the hacker must also be able to craft an HTTP request which should cause a server error. None such requests are known as this point. The issue is patched in version As a workaround, one may use a disk caching plugin. CVEArchiSteamFarm is a C# application with primary purpose of idling Steam cards from multiple accounts simultaneously. Due to a bug in ASF code `POST /Api/ASF` ASF API endpoint responsible for updating global ASF config incorrectly removed `IPCPassword` from the resulting config when the caller did not specify it explicitly. Due to the above, it was possible for the user to accidentally remove `IPCPassword` security measure from his IPC interface when updating global ASF config, which exists as part of global config update functionality in ASF-ui. Removal of `IPCPassword` possesses a security risk, as unauthorized users may in result access the IPC interface after such modification. The issue is patched in ASF V and future versions. We recommend to manually verify that `IPCPassword` is specified after update, and if not, set it accordingly. In default settings, ASF is configured to allow IPC access from `localhost` only and should not affect majority of users. CVEWoocommerce is an open source eCommerce plugin for WordPress. An SQL injection vulnerability impacts all WooCommerce sites running the WooCommerce plugin between version and Malicious actors (already) having admin access, or API keys to the WooCommerce site can exploit vulnerable endpoints of `/wp-json/wc/v3/webhooks`, `/wp-json/wc/v2/webhooks` and other webhook listing API. Read-only SQL queries can be executed using this exploit, while data will not be returned, by carefully crafting `search` parameter information can be disclosed using timing and related attacks. Version is the earliest version of Woocommerce with a patch for this vulnerability. There are no known workarounds other than upgrading. CVEmod_auth_openidc is an authentication/authorization module for the Apache 2.x HTTP server that functions as an OpenID Connect Relying Party, authenticating users against an OpenID Connect Provider. When mod_auth_openidc versions prior to are configured to use an unencrypted Redis cache (`OIDCCacheEncrypt off`, `OIDCSessionType server-cache`, `OIDCCacheType redis`), `mod_auth_openidc` wrongly performed argument interpolation before passing Redis requests to `hiredis`, which would perform it again and lead to an uncontrolled format string bug. Initial assessment shows that this bug does not appear to allow gaining arbitrary code execution, but can reliably provoke a denial of service by repeatedly crashing the Apache workers. This bug has been corrected in version by performing argument interpolation only once, using the `hiredis` API. As a workaround, this vulnerability can be mitigated by setting `OIDCCacheEncrypt` to `on`, as cache keys are cryptographically hashed before use when this option is enabled. CVEEdgeX Foundry is an open source project for building a common open framework for internet-of-things edge computing. A vulnerability exists in the Edinburgh, Fuji, Geneva, and Hanoi versions of the software. When the EdgeX API gateway is configured for OAuth2 authentication and a proxy user is created, the client_id and client_secret required to obtain an OAuth2 authentication token are set to the username of the proxy user. A remote network attacker can then perform a dictionary-based password attack on the OAuth2 token endpoint of the API gateway to obtain an OAuth2 authentication token and use that token to make authenticated calls to EdgeX microservices from an untrusted network. OAuth2 is the default authentication method in EdgeX Edinburgh release. The default authentication method was changed to JWT in Fuji and later releases. Users should upgrade to the EdgeX Ireland release to obtain the fix. The OAuth2 authentication method is disabled in Ireland release. If unable to upgrade and OAuth2 authentication is required, users should create OAuth2 users directly using the Kong admin API and forgo the use of the `security-proxy-setup` tool to create OAuth2 users. CVENextcloud Richdocuments in an open source self hosted online office. Nextcloud uses the WOPI ("Web Application Open Platform Interface") protocol to communicate with the Collabora Editor, the communication between these two services was not protected by a credentials or IP check. Whilst this does not result in gaining access to data that the user has not yet access to, it can result in a bypass of any enforced watermark on documents as described on the [Nextcloud Virtual Data Room](storycall.us) website and [our documentation](storycall.us). The Nextcloud Richdocuments releases and add an additional admin settings for an allowlist of IP addresses that can access the WOPI API. We recommend upgrading and configuring the allowlist to a list of Collabora servers. There is no known workaround. Note that this primarily results a bypass of any configured watermark or download protection using File Access Control. If you do not require or rely on these as a security feature no immediate action is required on your end. CVEIcinga is a monitoring system which checks the availability of network resources, notifies users of outages, and generates performance data for reporting. In versions prior to and from version through version , some of the Icinga 2 features that require credentials for external services expose those credentials through the API to authenticated API users with read permissions for the corresponding object types. IdoMysqlConnection and IdoPgsqlConnection (every released version) exposes the password of the user used to connect to the database. IcingaDB (added in ) exposes the password used to connect to the Redis server. ElasticsearchWriter (added in )exposes the password used to connect to the Elasticsearch server. An attacker who obtains these credentials can impersonate Icinga to these services and add, modify and delete information there. If credentials with more permissions are in use, this increases the impact accordingly. Starting with the and releases, these passwords are no longer exposed via the API. As a workaround, API user permissions can be restricted to not allow querying of any affected objects, either by explicitly listing only the required object types for object query permissions, or by applying a filter rule. CVEIcinga is a monitoring system which checks the availability of network resources, notifies users of outages, and generates performance data for reporting. From version through version , a vulnerability exists that may allow privilege escalation for authenticated API users. With a read-ony user's credentials, an attacker can view most attributes of all config objects including `ticket_salt` of `ApiListener`. This salt is enough to compute a ticket for every possible common name (CN). A ticket, the master node's certificate, and a self-signed certificate are enough to successfully request the desired certificate from Icinga. That certificate may in turn be used to steal an endpoint or API user's identity. Versions and both contain a fix the vulnerability. As a workaround, one may either specify queryable types explicitly or filter out ApiListener objects. CVEThe Nextcloud Desktop Client is a tool to synchronize files from Nextcloud Server with a computer. Clients using the Nextcloud end-to-end encryption feature download the public and private key via an API endpoint. In versions prior to , the Nextcloud Desktop client fails to check if a private key belongs to previously downloaded public certificate. If the Nextcloud instance serves a malicious public key, the data would be encrypted for this key and thus could be accessible to a malicious actor. This issue is fixed in Nextcloud Desktop Client version There are no known workarounds aside from upgrading. CVENextcloud Android Client is the Android client for Nextcloud. Clients using the Nextcloud end-to-end encryption feature download the public and private key via an API endpoint. In versions prior to , the Nextcloud Android client skipped a step that involved the client checking if a private key belonged to a previously downloaded public certificate. If the Nextcloud instance served a malicious public key, the data would be encrypted for this key and thus could be accessible to a malicious actor. The vulnerability is patched in version As a workaround, do not add additional end-to-end encrypted devices to a user account. CVEShopware is an open source eCommerce platform. In versions prior to the admin api has exposed some internal hidden fields when an association has been loaded with a to many reference. Users are recommend to update to version You can get the update to regularly via the Auto-Updater or directly via the download overview. For older versions of , , and , corresponding security measures are also available via a plugin. CVEShopware is an open source eCommerce platform. Versions prior to may leak of information via Store-API. The vulnerability could only be fixed by changing the API system, which involves a non-backward-compatible change. Only consumers of the Store-API should be affected by this change. We recommend to update to the current version You can get the update to regularly via the Auto-Updater or directly via the download overview. storycall.us#shopware-6 The vulnerability could only be fixed by changing the API system, which involves a non-backward-compatible change. Only consumers of the Store-API should be affected by this change. Please check your plugins if you have it in use. Detailed technical information can be found in the upgrade information. storycall.us# ### Workarounds For older versions of and , corresponding security measures are also available via a plugin. For the full range of functions, we recommend updating to the latest Shopware version. storycall.us ### For more information storycall.us CVEDHIS 2 is an information system for data capture, management, validation, analytics and visualization. A SQL injection security vulnerability has been found in specific versions of DHIS2. This vulnerability affects the /api/trackedEntityInstances API endpoint in DHIS2 versions , , , , and Earlier versions, such as and and all versions and older are unaffected. The system is vulnerable to attack only from users that are logged in to DHIS2, and there is no known way of exploiting the vulnerability without first being logged in as a DHIS2 user. A successful exploit of this vulnerability could allow the malicious user to read, edit and delete data in the DHIS2 instance. There are no known exploits of the security vulnerabilities addressed by these patch releases. However, we strongly recommend that all DHIS2 implementations using versions , and install these patches as soon as possible. There is no straightforward known workaround for DHIS2 instances using the Tracker functionality other than upgrading the affected DHIS2 server to one of the patches in which this vulnerability has been fixed. For implementations which do NOT use Tracker functionality, it may be possible to block all network access to POST to the /api/trackedEntityInstance endpoint as a temporary workaround while waiting to upgrade. CVEORY Oathkeeper is an Identity & Access Proxy (IAP) and Access Control Decision API that authorizes HTTP requests based on sets of Access Rules. When you make a request to an endpoint that requires the scope `foo` using an access token granted with that `foo` scope, introspection will be valid and that token will be cached. The problem comes when a second requests to an endpoint that requires the scope `bar` is made before the cache has expired. Whether the token is granted or not to the `bar` scope, introspection will be valid. A patch will be released with `vbeta.1`. Per default, caching is disabled for the `oauth2_introspection` authenticator. When caching is disabled, this vulnerability does not exist. The cache is checked in [`func (a *AuthenticatorOAuth2Introspection) Authenticate()`](storycall.us#L). From [`tokenFromCache()`](storycall.us#L97) it seems that it only validates the token expiration date, but ignores whether the token has or not the proper scopes. The vulnerability was introduced in PR # During review, we failed to require appropriate test coverage by the submitter which is the primary reason that the vulnerability passed the review process. CVENextcloud Server is a Nextcloud package that handles data storage. In versions prior to , , and , ratelimits are not applied to OCS API responses. This affects any OCS API controller (`OCSController`) using the `@BruteForceProtection` annotation. Risk depends on the installed applications on the Nextcloud Server, but could range from bypassing authentication ratelimits or spamming other Nextcloud users. The vulnerability is patched in versions , , and No workarounds aside from upgrading are known to exist. CVEBackstage is an open platform for building developer portals, and techdocs-common contains common functionalities for Backstage's TechDocs. In `@backstage/techdocs-common` versions prior to , a malicious actor could read sensitive files from the environment where TechDocs documentation is built and published by setting a particular path for `docs_dir` in `storycall.us`. These files would then be available over the TechDocs backend API. This vulnerability is mitigated by the fact that an attacker would need access to modify the `storycall.us` in the documentation source code, and would also need access to the TechDocs backend API. The vulnerability is patched in the `` release of `@backstage/techdocs-common`. CVEBackstage is an open platform for building developer portals, and techdocs-common contains common functionalities for Backstage's TechDocs. In versions of `@backstage/tehdocs-common` prior to , a malicious internal actor is able to upload documentation content with malicious scripts. These scripts would normally be sanitized by the TechDocs frontend, but by tricking a user to visit the content via the TechDocs API, the content sanitazion will be bypassed. If the TechDocs API is hosted on the same origin as the Backstage app or other backend plugins, this may give access to sensitive data. The ability to upload malicious content may be limited by internal code review processes, unless the chosen TechDocs deployment method is to use an object store and the actor has access to upload files directly to that store. The vulnerability is patched in the `` release of `@backstage/techdocs-common`. CVEws is an open source WebSocket client and server library for storycall.us A specially crafted value of the `Sec-Websocket-Protocol` header can be used to significantly slow down a ws server. The vulnerability has been fixed in ws@ (storycall.us). In vulnerable versions of ws, the issue can be mitigated by reducing the maximum allowed length of the request headers using the [`--max-http-header-size=size`](storycall.us#cli_max_http_header_size_size) and/or the [`maxHeaderSize`](storycall.us#http_http_createserver_options_requestlistener) options. CVEThe VeryFitPro (storycall.us) application for Android does all communication with the backend API over cleartext HTTP. This includes logins, registrations, and password change requests. This allows information theft and account takeover via network sniffing. CVEAcronis True Image prior to Update 4 for Windows and Acronis True Image prior to Update 5 for macOS allowed an unauthenticated attacker (who has a local code execution ability) to tamper with the micro-service API. CVEOctoPrint before allows XSS because API error messages include the values of input parameters. CVEThe Patient Portal of OpenEMR is affected by a incorrect access control system in portal/patient/_machine_storycall.us To exploit the vulnerability, an unauthenticated attacker can register an account, bypassing the permission check of this portal's API. Then, the attacker can then manipulate and read data of every registered patient. CVEAn issue was discovered in JUMP AMS The JUMP SOAP API was vulnerable to arbitrary file reading due to an improper limitation of file loading on the server filesystem, aka directory traversal. CVEAn issue was discovered in SaltStack Salt before The salt-api's ssh client is vulnerable to a shell injection by including ProxyCommand in an argument, or via ssh_options provided in an API request. CVEAMP Application Deployment Service in CubeCoders AMP x before allows a remote, authenticated user to open ports in the local system firewall by crafting an HTTP(S) request directly to the applicable API endpoint (despite not having permission to make changes to the system's network configuration). CVEA SQL Injection vulnerability in the REST API in Layer5 Meshery allows an attacker to execute arbitrary SQL commands via the /experimental/patternfiles endpoint (order parameter in GetMesheryPatterns in models/meshery_pattern_storycall.us). CVEIncorrect access to deleted scripts vulnerability in McAfee Database Security (DBSec) prior to allows a remote authenticated attacker to gain access to signed SQL scripts which have been marked as deleted or expired within the administrative console. This access was only available through the REST API. CVEAffected versions of Octopus Server are prone to an authenticated SQL injection vulnerability in the Events REST API because user supplied data in the API request isn&#;t parameterised correctly. Exploiting this vulnerability could allow unauthorised access to database tables. CVEAn issue in Jumpserver and below allows attackers to create a connection token through an API which does not have access control and use it to access sensitive assets. CVEAn issue was discovered in the AbuseFilter extension for MediaWiki through Its AbuseFilterCheckMatch API reveals suppressed edits and usernames to unprivileged users through the iteration of crafted AbuseFilter rules. CVEAn issue was discovered in SaltStack Salt before Sending crafted web requests to the Salt API can result in storycall.us_thin() command injection because of different handling of single versus double quotes. This is related to salt/utils/storycall.us CVEThe Dolby Audio X2 (DAX2) API service before on Windows allows local users to gain privileges. CVEAn Improper Privilege Management vulnerability in the gRPC framework, used by the Juniper Extension Toolkit (JET) API on Juniper Networks Junos OS and Junos OS Evolved, allows a network-based, low-privileged authenticated attacker to perform operations as root, leading to complete compromise of the targeted system. The issue is caused by the JET service daemon (jsd) process authenticating the user, then passing configuration operations directly to the management daemon (mgd) process, which runs as root. This issue affects Juniper Networks Junos OS: versions prior to R1-S8, R2-S8, R3-S8; versions prior to R2-S3, R3-S5; versions prior to R1-S7, R3-S2; versions prior to R2-S6, R3-S2; versions prior to R1-S4, R2-S4, R3-S3; versions prior to R2-S2, R3; versions prior to R2-S3, R3; versions prior to R2-S1, R3; versions prior to R2. This issue does not affect Juniper Networks Junos OS versions prior to R1. Juniper Networks Junos OS Evolved: All versions prior to R2-EVO; EVO versions prior to R2-EVO. CVEAn issue was discovered in the tagDiv Newspaper theme for WordPress. It allows XSS via the wp-admin/storycall.us td_block_id parameter in a td_ajax_block API call. CVEIn LibreNMS < , a stored XSS vulnerability was identified in the API Access page due to insufficient sanitization of the $api->description variable. As a result, arbitrary Javascript code can get executed. CVEThe Alertmanager in CNCF Cortex before has a local file disclosure vulnerability when storycall.us-api is used. The HTTP basic auth password_file can be used as an attack vector to send any file content via a webhook. The alertmanager templates can be used as an attack vector to send any file content because the alertmanager can load any text file specified in the templates list. CVEThe Alertmanager in Grafana Enterprise Metrics before and Metrics Enterprise has a local file disclosure vulnerability when storycall.us-api is used. The HTTP basic auth password_file can be used as an attack vector to send any file content via a webhook. The alertmanager templates can be used as an attack vector to send any file content because the alertmanager can load any text file specified in the templates list. CVEUse after free in Indexed DB API in Google Chrome prior to allowed a remote attacker who had compromised the renderer process to potentially perform a sandbox escape via a crafted HTML page. CVEUse after free in Selection API in Google Chrome prior to allowed a remote attacker who convinced the user the visit a malicious website to potentially exploit heap corruption via a crafted HTML page. CVEChromium: CVE Use after free in Extensions API CVEUse after free in Extensions API in Google Chrome prior to allowed an attacker who convinced a user to install a malicious extension to potentially exploit heap corruption via a crafted HTML page. CVEUse after free in File System API in Google Chrome prior to allowed a remote attacker to potentially exploit heap corruption via a crafted HTML page. CVEAn OS command injection vulnerability in the Palo Alto Networks PAN-OS web interface enables an authenticated administrator with permissions to use XML API the ability to execute arbitrary OS commands to escalate privileges. This issue impacts: PAN-OS versions earlier than PAN-OS h1; PAN-OS versions earlier than PAN-OS h3; PAN-OS versions earlier than PAN-OS h2; PAN-OS versions earlier than PAN-OS ; PAN-OS versions earlier than PAN-OS This issue does not impact Prisma Access firewalls. CVEUse after free in File API in Google Chrome prior to allowed a remote attacker to potentially exploit heap corruption via a crafted HTML page. CVEIn the topic moving API in Zulip Server 3.x before , organization administrators were able to move messages to streams in other organizations hosted by the same Zulip installation. CVEAn issue was discovered in Zulip Server before A bug in the implementation of the all_public_streams API feature resulted in guest users being able to receive message traffic to public streams that should have been only accessible to members of the organization. CVEAn issue was discovered in Zulip Server before A bug in the implementation of the can_forge_sender permission (previously is_api_super_user) resulted in users with this permission being able to send messages appearing as if sent by a system bot, including to other organizations hosted by the same Zulip installation. CVEAn improper authorization vulnerability in Palo Alto Networks Cortex XSOAR enables a remote unauthenticated attacker with network access to the Cortex XSOAR server to perform unauthorized actions through the REST API. This issue impacts: Cortex XSOAR builds later than and earlier than ; Cortex XSOAR builds earlier than This issue does not impact Cortex XSOAR , Cortex XSOAR , Cortex XSOAR , or Cortex XSOAR versions. All Cortex XSOAR instances hosted by Palo Alto Networks are upgraded to resolve this vulnerability. No additional action is required for these instances. CVEAn information exposure through log file vulnerability exists in Palo Alto Networks PAN-OS software where secrets in PAN-OS XML API requests are logged in cleartext to the web server logs when the API is used incorrectly. This vulnerability applies only to PAN-OS appliances that are configured to use the PAN-OS XML API and exists only when a client includes a duplicate API parameter in API requests. Logged information includes the cleartext username, password, and API key of the administrator making the PAN-OS XML API request. CVEInvision Community IPS Community Suite before allows SQL Injection via the Downloads REST API (the sortDir parameter in a sortBy=popular action to the GETindex() method in applications/downloads/api/storycall.us). CVEThe api/ZRIGMP/set_MLD_PROXY interface in China Mobile An Lianbao WF-1 router allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via shell metacharacters in the MLD_PROXY_WAN_CONNECT parameter. CVEThe api/ZRIptv/setIptvInfo interface in China Mobile An Lianbao WF-1 router allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via shell metacharacters in the iptv_vlan parameter. CVEThe api/ZRIGMP/set_IGMP_PROXY interface in China Mobile An Lianbao WF-1 router allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via shell metacharacters in the IGMP_PROXY_WAN_CONNECT parameter. CVEThe api/zrDm/set_ZRElink interface in China Mobile An Lianbao WF-1 router allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via shell metacharacters in the bssaddr, abiaddr, devtoken, devid, elinksync, or elink_proc_enable parameter. CVEThe api/ZRFirmware/set_time_zone interface in China Mobile An Lianbao WF-1 router allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via shell metacharacters in the zonename parameter. CVEThe api/zrDm/set_zrDm interface in China Mobile An Lianbao WF-1 router allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via shell metacharacters in the dm_enable, AppKey, or Pwd parameter. CVEThe api/ZRAndlink/set_ZRAndlink interface in China Mobile An Lianbao WF-1 router allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via shell metacharacters in the iandlink_proc_enable parameter. CVEApache Dubbo prior to and by default supports generic calls to arbitrary methods exposed by provider interfaces. These invocations are handled by the GenericFilter which will find the service and method specified in the first arguments of the invocation and use the Java Reflection API to make the final call. The signature for the $invoke or $invokeAsync methods is Ljava/lang/String;[Ljava/lang/String;[Ljava/lang/Object; where the first argument is the name of the method to invoke, the second one is an array with the parameter types for the method being invoked and the third one is an array with the actual call arguments. In addition, the caller also needs to set an RPC attachment specifying that the call is a generic call and how to decode the arguments. The possible values are: - true - storycall.us - nativejava - bean - protobuf-json An attacker can control this RPC attachment and set it to nativejava to force the java deserialization of the byte array located in the third argument. CVERedmine before and x before allows attackers to bypass the add_issue_notes permission requirement by leveraging the Issues API. CVEAn issue was discovered in MediaWiki before and x through x before When using the MediaWiki API to "protect" a page, a user is currently able to protect to a higher level than they currently have permissions for. CVEA cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in CloverDX Server , CloverDX , CloverDX , and earlier allows remote attackers to inject arbitrary web script or HTML via the sessionToken parameter of multiple methods in Simple HTTP API. This is resolved in and CVEKnowage Suite before is vulnerable to cross-site scripting (XSS). An attacker can inject arbitrary external script in '/knowagecockpitengine/api//pages/execute' via the 'SBI_HOST' parameter. CVEIBM App Connect Enterprise Certified Container , , , , and could disclose sensitive information to a local user when it is configured to use an IBM Cloud API key to connect to cloud-based connectors. IBM X-Force ID: CVEIBM API Connect through could allow a user to potentially inject code due to unsanitized user input. IBM X-Force ID: CVEIBM InfoSphere Data Flow Designer Engine (IBM InfoSphere Information Server ) component has improper validation of the REST API server certificate. IBM X-Force ID: CVEIBM API Connect through could alllow a remote user to obtain sensitive information or conduct denial of serivce attacks due to open ports. IBM X-Force ID: CVEownCloud has an incorrect access control vulnerability, leading to remote information disclosure. Due to a bug in the related API endpoint, the attacker can enumerate all users in a single request by entering three whitespaces. Secondary, the retrieval of all users on a large instance could cause higher than average load on the instance. CVEHitachi JP1/IT Desktop Management 2 Agent 9 through 12 calls the SendMessageTimeoutW API with arbitrary arguments via a local pipe, leading to a local privilege escalation vulnerability. An attacker who exploits this issue could execute arbitrary code on the local system. CVEGistPad before allows a crafted workspace folder to change the URL for the Gist API, which leads to leakage of GitHub access tokens. CVEReport portal is an open source reporting and analysis framework. Starting from version of the service-api XML parsing was introduced. Unfortunately the XML parser was not configured properly to prevent XML external entity (XXE) attacks. This allows a user to import a specifically-crafted XML file which imports external Document Type Definition (DTD) file with external entities for extraction of secrets from Report Portal service-api module or server-side request forgery. This will be resolved in the release. CVETensorFlow is an end-to-end open source platform for machine learning. The implementation of `storycall.us_storycall.ustimizer` triggers undefined behavior due to dereferencing a null pointer. The implementation(storycall.us) does not validate that the user supplied arguments satisfy all constraints expected by the op(storycall.us). The fix will be included in TensorFlow We will also cherrypick this commit on TensorFlow , TensorFlow , TensorFlow and TensorFlow , as these are also affected and still in supported range. CVETensorFlow is an end-to-end open source platform for machine learning. The implementation of `storycall.us_storycall.uslGradWithArgmax` can cause reads outside of bounds of heap allocated data if attacker supplies specially crafted inputs. The implementation(storycall.us#LL) assumes that the last element of `boxes` input is 4, as required by [the op](storycall.us). Since this is not checked attackers passing values less than 4 can write outside of bounds of heap allocated objects and cause memory corruption. If the last dimension in `boxes` is less than 4, accesses similar to `tboxes(b, bb, 3)` will access data outside of bounds. Further during code execution there are also writes to these indices. The fix will be included in TensorFlow We will also cherrypick this commit on TensorFlow , TensorFlow , TensorFlow and TensorFlow , as these are also affected and still in supported range. CVETensorFlow is an end-to-end open source platform for machine learning. Due to lack of validation in `storycall.us_storycall.usDenseCwiseMul`, an attacker can trigger denial of service via `CHECK`-fails or accesses to outside the bounds of heap allocated data. Since the implementation(storycall.us#LL80) only validates the rank of the input arguments but no constraints between dimensions(storycall.us), an attacker can abuse them to trigger internal `CHECK` assertions (and cause program termination, denial of service) or to write to memory outside of bounds of heap allocated tensor buffers. The fix will be included in TensorFlow We will also cherrypick this commit on TensorFlow , TensorFlow , TensorFlow and TensorFlow , as these are also affected and still in supported range. CVETensorFlow is an end-to-end open source platform for machine learning. An attacker can cause a runtime division by zero error and denial of service in `storycall.us_storycall.uszedBatchNormWithGlobalNormalization`. This is because the implementation(storycall.us) does not validate all constraints specified in the op's contract(storycall.us). The fix will be included in TensorFlow We will also cherrypick this commit on TensorFlow , TensorFlow , TensorFlow and TensorFlow , as these are also affected and still in supported range. CVETensorFlow is an end-to-end open source platform for machine learning. Calling `storycall.us_storycall.usbleConst`(storycall.us) with a `dtype` of `storycall.usce` or `storycall.ust` results in a segfault in the implementation as code assumes that the tensor contents are pure scalars. We have patched the issue in 4fd4b8f0bec1b48da6faa7dfa4 and will release TensorFlow containing the patch. TensorFlow nightly packages after this commit will also have the issue resolved. If using `storycall.us_storycall.usbleConst` in code, you can prevent the segfault by inserting a filter for the `dtype` argument. CVETensorFlow is an end-to-end open source platform for machine learning. The API of `storycall.us_storycall.usCross` allows combinations which would result in a `CHECK`-failure and denial of service. This is because the implementation(storycall.us#LL) is tricked to consider a tensor of type `tstring` which in fact contains integral elements. Fixing the type confusion by preventing mixing `DT_STRING` and `DT_INT64` types solves this issue. The fix will be included in TensorFlow We will also cherrypick this commit on TensorFlow , TensorFlow , TensorFlow and TensorFlow , as these are also affected and still in supported range. CVETensorFlow is an end-to-end open source platform for machine learning. If the `splits` argument of `RaggedBincount` does not specify a valid `SparseTensor`(storycall.us), then an attacker can trigger a heap buffer overflow. This will cause a read from outside the bounds of the `splits` tensor buffer in the implementation of the `RaggedBincount` op(storycall.us#LL). Before the `for` loop, `batch_idx` is set to 0. The attacker sets `splits(0)` to be 7, hence the `while` loop does not execute and `batch_idx` remains 0. This then results in writing to `out(-1, bin)`, which is before the heap allocated buffer for the output tensor. The fix will be included in TensorFlow We will also cherrypick this commit on TensorFlow and TensorFlow , as these are also affected. CVETensorFlow is an end-to-end open source platform for machine learning. If the `splits` argument of `RaggedBincount` does not specify a valid `SparseTensor`(storycall.us), then an attacker can trigger a heap buffer overflow. This will cause a read from outside the bounds of the `splits` tensor buffer in the implementation of the `RaggedBincount` op(storycall.us#LL). Before the `for` loop, `batch_idx` is set to 0. The user controls the `splits` array, making it contain only one element, 0. Thus, the code in the `while` loop would increment `batch_idx` and then try to read `splits(1)`, which is outside of bounds. The fix will be included in TensorFlow We will also cherrypick this commit on TensorFlow and TensorFlow , as these are also affected. CVEJellyfin is a free software media system that provides media from a dedicated server to end-user devices via multiple apps. Verions prior to vulnerable to unauthenticated Server-Side Request Forgery (SSRF) attacks via the imageUrl parameter. This issue potentially exposes both internal and external HTTP servers or other resources available via HTTP `GET` that are visible from the Jellyfin server. The vulnerability is patched in version As a workaround, disable external access to the API endpoints `/Items/*/RemoteImages/Download`, `/Items/RemoteSearch/Image` and `/Images/Remote` via reverse proxy, or limit to known-friendly IPs. CVEManageWiki is an extension to the MediaWiki project. The 'wikiconfig' API leaked the value of private configuration variables set through the ManageWiki variable to all users. This has been patched by storycall.us If you are unable to patch set `$wgAPIListModules['wikiconfig'] = 'ApiQueryDisabled';` or remove private config as a workaround. CVEKirby is an open source CMS. An editor with write access to the Kirby Panel can upload an SVG file that contains harmful content like `<script>` tags. The direct link to that file can be sent to other users or visitors of the site. If the victim opens that link in a browser where they are logged in to Kirby, the script will run and can for example trigger requests to Kirby's API with the permissions of the victim. This vulnerability is critical if you might have potential attackers in your group of authenticated Panel users, as they can escalate their privileges if they get access to the Panel session of an admin user. Depending on your site, other JavaScript-powered attacks are possible. Visitors without Panel access can only use this attack vector if your site allows SVG file uploads in frontend forms and you don't already sanitize uploaded SVG files. The problem has been patched in Kirby Please update to this or a later version to fix the vulnerability. Frontend upload forms need to be patched separately depending on how they store the uploaded file(s). If you use `File::create()`, you are protected by updating to +. As a work around you can disable the upload of SVG files in your file blueprints. CVEIn Gradle before version , files created with open permissions in the system temporary directory can allow an attacker to access information downloaded by Gradle. Some builds could be vulnerable to a local information disclosure. Remote files accessed through TextResourceFactory are downloaded into the system temporary directory first. Sensitive information contained in these files can be exposed to other local users on the same system. If you do not use the `TextResourceFactory` API, you are not vulnerable. As of Gradle , uses of the system temporary directory have been moved to the Gradle User Home directory. By default, this directory is restricted to the user running the build. As a workaround, set a more restrictive umask that removes read access to other users. When files are created in the system temporary directory, they will not be accessible to other users. If you are unable to change your system's umask, you can move the Java temporary directory by setting the System Property `storycall.us`. The new path needs to limit permissions to the build user only. CVESherlock SherlockIM through allows Cross Site Scripting (XSS) by leveraging the api/Files/Attachment URI to attack help-desk staff via the chatbot feature. CVEBTCPay Server through uses a weak method Next to produce pseudo-random values to generate a legacy API key. CVEThe Data Engine module in Liferay Portal through , and Liferay DXP before fix pack 1 does not check permissions in storycall.useDataDefinitionByContentTypeByDataDefinitionKey, which allows remote authenticated users to view DDMStructures via GET API calls. CVESQL injection vulnerability in Nagios Network Analyzer before via the o[col] parameter to api/checks/read/. CVEThe Enterprise Message Service Server (tibemsd), Enterprise Message Service Central Administration (tibemsca), Enterprise Message Service JSON configuration generator (tibemsconf2json), and Enterprise Message Service C API components of TIBCO Software Inc.'s TIBCO Enterprise Message Service, TIBCO Enterprise Message Service - Community Edition, and TIBCO Enterprise Message Service - Developer Edition contain a vulnerability that theoretically allows a low privileged attacker with local access on the Windows operating system to insert malicious software. The affected component can be abused to execute the malicious software inserted by the attacker with the elevated privileges of the component. This vulnerability results from the affected component searching for run-time artifacts outside of the installation hierarchy. Affected releases are TIBCO Software Inc.'s TIBCO Enterprise Message Service: versions and below, TIBCO Enterprise Message Service - Community Edition: versions and below, and TIBCO Enterprise Message Service - Developer Edition: versions and below. CVEThe FTL Server (tibftlserver), FTL C API, FTL Golang API, FTL Java API, and FTL .Net API components of TIBCO Software Inc.'s TIBCO FTL - Community Edition, TIBCO FTL - Developer Edition, and TIBCO FTL - Enterprise Edition contain a vulnerability that theoretically allows a low privileged attacker with local access on the Windows operating system to insert malicious software. The affected component can be abused to execute the malicious software inserted by the attacker with the elevated privileges of the component. This vulnerability results from the affected component searching for run-time artifacts outside of the installation hierarchy. Affected releases are TIBCO Software Inc.'s TIBCO FTL - Community Edition: versions and below, TIBCO FTL - Developer Edition: versions and below, and TIBCO FTL - Enterprise Edition: versions and below. CVEThe Rendezvous Routing Daemon (rvrd), Rendezvous Secure Routing Daemon (rvrsd), Rendezvous Secure Daemon (rvsd), Rendezvous Cache (rvcache), Rendezvous Secure C API, Rendezvous Java API, and Rendezvous .Net API components of TIBCO Software Inc.'s TIBCO Rendezvous and TIBCO Rendezvous Developer Edition contain a vulnerability that theoretically allows a low privileged attacker with local access on the Windows operating system to insert malicious software. The affected component can be abused to execute the malicious software inserted by the attacker with the elevated privileges of the component. This vulnerability results from the affected component searching for run-time artifacts outside of the installation hierarchy. Affected releases are TIBCO Software Inc.'s TIBCO Rendezvous: versions and below and TIBCO Rendezvous Developer Edition: versions and below. CVEAn issue was discovered in Squid before and 5.x before Due to incorrect parser validation, it allows a Denial of Service attack against the Cache Manager API. This allows a trusted client to trigger memory leaks that. over time, lead to a Denial of Service via an unspecified short query string. This attack is limited to clients with Cache Manager API access privilege. CVEIn Arista's MOS (Metamako Operating System) software which is supported on the product line, under certain conditions, user authentication can be bypassed when API access is enabled via the JSON-RPC APIs. This issue affects: Arista Metamako Operating System All releases in the MOSx train MOS and post releases in the MOSx train MOS and below releases in the MOSx train MOS and below releases in the MOSx train CVEAn issue was discovered in the /api/connector endpoint handler in Yubico yubihsm-connector before (in YubiHSM SDK before ). The handler did not validate the length of the request, which can lead to a state where yubihsm-connector becomes stuck in a loop waiting for the YubiHSM to send it data, preventing any further operations until the yubihsm-connector is restarted. An attacker can send 0, 1, or 2 bytes to trigger this. CVEIn Eclipse Openj9 to version , usage of the storycall.usntPool API causes the JVM in some cases to pre-resolve certain constant pool entries. This allows a user to call static methods or access static members without running the class initialization method, and may allow a user to observe uninitialized values. CVEAn SQL Injection issue in Devolutions Server before and Devolutions Server LTS before allows an administrative user to execute arbitrary SQL commands via a username in api/security/userinfo/delete. CVEOne of the usage insights HTTP API endpoints in Grafana Enterprise 6.x before , 7.x before , and x before is accessible without any authentication. This allows any unauthenticated user to send an unlimited number of requests to the endpoint, leading to a denial of service (DoS) attack against a Grafana Enterprise instance. CVEThe team sync HTTP API in Grafana Enterprise 6.x before , 7.x before , and x before has an Incorrect Access Control issue. On Grafana instances using an external authentication service and having the EditorsCanAdmin feature enabled, this vulnerability allows any authenticated user to add external groups to any existing team. This can be used to grant a user team permissions that the user isn't supposed to have. CVEThe team sync HTTP API in Grafana Enterprise x before has an Incorrect Access Control issue. On Grafana instances using an external authentication service, this vulnerability allows any authenticated user to add external groups to existing teams. This can be used to grant a user team permissions that the user isn't supposed to have. CVEClipper before allows remote command execution. A remote attacker may send a crafted IPC message to the exposed vulnerable ipcRenderer IPC interface, which invokes the dangerous openExternal API. CVEA request-validation issue was discovered in Open5GS through x before The WebUI component allows an unauthenticated user to use a crafted HTTP API request to create, read, update, or delete entries in the subscriber database. For example, new administrative users can be added. The issue occurs because Express is not set up to require authentication. CVETwinkle Tray (aka twinkle-tray) through allows remote command execution. A remote attacker may send a crafted IPC message to the exposed vulnerable ipcRenderer IPC interface, which invokes the dangerous openExternal API. CVEA Server-Side Request Forgery (SSRF) vulnerability in Group Office allows a remote attacker to forge GET requests to arbitrary URLs via the url parameter to group/api/storycall.us CVELumisXP (aka Lumis Experience Platform) before allows unauthenticated blind XXE via an API request to storycall.us One can send a request crafted with an XXE payload and achieve outcomes such as reading local server files or denial of service. CVEarchive/zip in Go x before allows attackers to cause a denial of service (panic) upon attempted use of the storycall.us API for a ZIP archive in which ../ occurs at the beginning of any filename. CVEMautic versions before / are vulnerable to an inline JS XSS attack through the contact's first or last name and triggered when viewing a contact's details page then clicking on the action drop down and hovering over the Campaigns button. Contact first and last name can be populated from different sources such as UI, API, 3rd party syncing, forms, etc. CVErakibtg Docker Dashboard before allows command injection in backend/utilities/storycall.us via shell metacharacters in the command parameter of an API request. NOTE: this is NOT a Docker, Inc. product. CVEean_leading_zeroes in backend/upcean.c in Zint Barcode Generator has a stack-based buffer overflow that is reachable from the C API through an application that includes the Zint Barcode Generator library code. CVEAppspace allows SSRF via the api/v1/core/proxy/jsonprequest url parameter. CVEYealink Device Management (DM) allows command injection as root via the /sm/api/v1/firewall/zone/services URI, without authentication. CVEFoxit PDF SDK For Web through allows XSS. There is arbitrary JavaScript code execution in the browser if a victim uploads a malicious PDF document containing embedded JavaScript code that abuses storycall.us (in the Acrobat JavaScript API). CVEThe snapshot feature in Grafana through can allow an unauthenticated remote attackers to trigger a Denial of Service via a remote API call if a commonly used configuration is set. CVEAn issue was discovered in Shinobi through ocean version 1. lib/storycall.us has Incorrect Access Control. Valid API Keys are held in an internal JS Object. Therefore an attacker can use JS Proto Method names (such as constructor or hasOwnProperty) to convince the System that the supplied API Key exists in the underlying JS object, and consequently achieve complete access to User/Admin/Super API functions, as demonstrated by a /super/constructor/accounts/list URI. CVEIncorrect default permissions vulnerability in the API of Netop Vision Pro up to and including allows a remote unauthenticated attacker to read and write files on the remote machine with system privileges resulting in a privilege escalation. CVEFluent Bit has a NULL pointer dereference when an flb_malloc return value is not validated by flb_avro.c or http_server/api/v1/metrics.c. CVEAn issue was discovered on FiberHome HGD devices through RP There is a telnet?enable=0&key=calculated(BR0_MAC) backdoor API, without authentication, provided by the HTTP server. This will remove firewall rules and allow an attacker to reach the telnet server (used for the CLI). CVEIn SPIRE through and before versions , , and , specially crafted requests to the FetchXSVID RPC of SPIRE Server&#;s Legacy Node API can result in the possible issuance of an X certificate with a URI SAN for a SPIFFE ID that the agent is not authorized to distribute. Proper controls are in place to require that the caller presents a valid agent certificate that is already authorized to issue at least one SPIFFE ID, and the requested SPIFFE ID belongs to the same trust domain, prior to being able to trigger this vulnerability. This issue has been fixed in SPIRE versions , , , and CVEMicrosoft Internet Messaging API Remote Code Execution Vulnerability CVEA flaw was discovered in Continuous Delivery for Puppet Enterprise (CD4PE) that results in a user with lower privileges being able to access a Puppet Enterprise API token. This issue is resolved in CD4PE CVEA remote authenticated sql injection vulnerability was discovered in Aruba AirWave Management Platform version(s): Prior to Multiple vulnerabilities in the API of AirWave could allow an authenticated remote attacker to conduct SQL injection attacks against the AirWave instance. An attacker could exploit these vulnerabilities to obtain and modify sensitive information in the underlying database. CVEA remote authenticated sql injection vulnerability was discovered in Aruba AirWave Management Platform version(s): Prior to Multiple vulnerabilities in the API of AirWave could allow an authenticated remote attacker to conduct SQL injection attacks against the AirWave instance. An attacker could exploit these vulnerabilities to obtain and modify sensitive information in the underlying database. CVEAn issue was discovered in Argo CD before Accessing the endpoint /api/version leaks internal information for the system, and this endpoint is not protected with authentication. CVERemote Access API Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability CVEWazuh API in Wazuh from to allows authenticated users to execute arbitrary code with administrative privileges via /manager/files URI. An authenticated user to the service may exploit incomplete input validation on the /manager/files API to inject arbitrary code within the API service script. CVEThe lineage endpoint of the deprecated Experimental API was not protected by authentication in Airflow This allowed unauthenticated users to hit that endpoint. This is low-severity issue as the attacker needs to be aware of certain parameters to pass to that endpoint and even after can just get some metadata about a DAG and a Task. This issue affects Apache Airflow CVEA remote authenticated SQL Injection vulnerabilitiy was discovered in Aruba ClearPass Policy Manager version(s): Prior to , HF1, HF1. A vulnerability in the web-based management interface API of ClearPass could allow an authenticated remote attacker to conduct SQL injection attacks against the ClearPass instance. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability to obtain and modify sensitive information in the underlying database. CVEA remote authenticated SQL Injection vulnerabilitiy was discovered in Aruba ClearPass Policy Manager version(s): Prior to , HF1, HF1. A vulnerability in the web-based management interface API of ClearPass could allow an authenticated remote attacker to conduct SQL injection attacks against the ClearPass instance. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability to obtain and modify sensitive information in the underlying database. CVE** UNSUPPORTED WHEN ASSIGNED ** In Directus 8.x through , an attacker can learn sensitive information such as the version of the CMS, the PHP version used by the site, and the name of the DBMS, simply by view the result of the api-aa, called automatically upon a connection. NOTE: This vulnerability only affects products that are no longer supported by the maintainer. CVE** UNSUPPORTED WHEN ASSIGNED ** In Directus 8.x through , an attacker can see all users in the CMS using the API /users/{id}. For each call, they get in response a lot of information about the user (such as email address, first name, and last name) but also the secret for 2FA if one exists. This secret can be regenerated. NOTE: This vulnerability only affects products that are no longer supported by the maintainer. CVEImproper Access Control on Configurations Endpoint for the Stable API of Apache Airflow allows users with Viewer or User role to get Airflow Configurations including sensitive information even when `[webserver] expose_config` is set to `False` in `storycall.us`. This allowed a privilege escalation attack. This issue affects Apache Airflow CVEAn instance of small space of random values in the RPC API of FortiSandbox before may allow an attacker in possession of a few information pieces about the state of the device to possibly predict valid session IDs. CVEREST API in Atlassian Jira Server and Jira Data Center before version , from version before , and from version before allows remote attackers to enumerate usernames via a Sensitive Data Exposure vulnerability in the `/rest/api/latest/user/avatar/temporary` endpoint. CVEAffected versions of Atlassian Jira Server and Data Center allow unauthenticated remote attackers to download temporary files and enumerate project keys via an Information Disclosure vulnerability in the /rest/api//issues/{id}/ActionsAndOperations API endpoint. The affected versions are before version , from version before , and from version before CVEAn issue was discovered in Joomla! through Inadequate escaping in the rules field of the JForm API leads to a XSS vulnerability. CVEIn GoCD, versions to are vulnerable to Cross-Site Request Forgery due to missing CSRF protection at the `/go/api/config/backup` endpoint. An attacker can trick a victim to click on a malicious link which could change backup configurations or execute system commands in the post_backup_script field. CVEnode-red-contrib-huemagic is affected by hue/assets/..%2F Directory storycall.us the storycall.usle API, used in file storycall.us, to fetch an arbitrary file. CVECommand injection vulnerability in China Mobile An Lianbao WF-1 via the 'ip' parameter with a POST request to /api/ZRQos/set_online_client. CVEIn JetBrains Hub before , information disclosure via the public API was possible. CVEAn issue was discovered in Couchbase Server 5.x and 6.x through and Beta. Incorrect commands to the REST API can result in leaked authentication information being stored in cleartext in the storycall.us and storycall.us files, and is also shown in the UI visible to administrators. CVEImproper privilege management vulnerability in API Key used in SmartThings prior to allows an attacker to abuse the API key without limitation. CVEImproper address validation vulnerability in RKP api prior to SMR JUN Release 1 allows root privileged local attackers to write read-only kernel memory. CVEAn improper exception control in softsimd prior to SMR APR Release 1 allows unprivileged applications to access the API in softsimd. CVEAn issue was discovered in through SaltStack Salt before salt-api does not honor eauth credentials for the wheel_async client. Thus, an attacker can remotely run any wheel modules on the master. CVETrend Micro's Virus Scan API (VSAPI) and Advanced Threat Scan Engine (ATSE) - are vulnerable to a memory exhaustion vulnerability that may lead to denial-of-service or system freeze if exploited by an attacker using a specially crafted file. CVEThe Registration Forms &#; User profile, Content Restriction, Spam Protection, Payment Gateways, Invitation Codes WordPress plugin before does not properly escape user data before using it in a SQL statement in the wp-json/pie/v1/login REST API endpoint, leading to an SQL injection. CVEThe Find My Blocks WordPress plugin before does not have authorisation checks in its REST API, which could allow unauthenticated users to enumerate private posts' titles. CVEThe OMGF WordPress plugin before does not escape or validate the handle parameter of the REST API, which allows unauthenticated users to perform path traversal and overwrite arbitrary CSS file with Google Fonts CSS, or download fonts uploaded on Google Fonts website. CVEVulnerability in the Oracle Communications Interactive Session Recorder product of Oracle Communications (component: Provision API). The supported version that is affected is Easily exploitable vulnerability allows unauthenticated attacker with network access via HTTP to compromise Oracle Communications Interactive Session Recorder. While the vulnerability is in Oracle Communications Interactive Session Recorder, attacks may significantly impact additional products. Successful attacks of this vulnerability can result in unauthorized update, insert or delete access to some of Oracle Communications Interactive Session Recorder accessible data as well as unauthorized read access to a subset of Oracle Communications Interactive Session Recorder accessible data and unauthorized ability to cause a partial denial of service (partial DOS) of Oracle Communications Interactive Session Recorder. CVSS Base Score (Confidentiality, Integrity and Availability impacts). CVSS Vector: (CVSS/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:L/I:L/A:L). CVEThe YouTube Embed WordPress plugin before does not validate, escape or sanitise some of its shortcode attributes, leading to Stored XSS issues by 1. using w, h, controls, cc_lang, color, language, start, stop, or style parameter of youtube shortcode, 2. by using style, class, rel, target, width, height, or alt parameter of youtube_thumb shortcode, or 3. by embedding a video whose title or description contains XSS payload (if API key is configured). CVEThe WP YouTube Lyte WordPress plugin before did not sanitise or escape its lyte_yt_api_key and lyte_notification settings before outputting them back in the page, allowing high privilege users to set XSS payload on them and leading to stored Cross-Site Scripting issues. CVEThe Filebird Plugin introduced a SQL injection vulnerability as it is making SQL queries without escaping user input data from a HTTP post request. This is a major vulnerability as the user input is not escaped and passed directly to the get_col function and it allows SQL injection. The Rest API endpoint which invokes this function also does not have any required permissions/authentication and can be accessed by an anonymous user. CVEThrive &#;Legacy&#; Rise by Thrive Themes WordPress theme before , Luxe by Thrive Themes WordPress theme before , Minus by Thrive Themes WordPress theme before , Ignition by Thrive Themes WordPress theme before , FocusBlog by Thrive Themes WordPress theme before , Squared by Thrive Themes WordPress theme before , Voice WordPress theme before , Performag by Thrive Themes WordPress theme before , Pressive by Thrive Themes WordPress theme before , Storied by Thrive Themes WordPress theme before register a REST API endpoint to compress images using the Kraken image optimization engine. By supplying a crafted request in combination with data inserted using the Option Update vulnerability, it was possible to use this endpoint to retrieve malicious code from a remote URL and overwrite an existing file on the site with it or create a new storycall.us includes executable PHP files that contain malicious code. CVEThe Thrive Optimize WordPress plugin before , Thrive Comments WordPress plugin before , Thrive Headline Optimizer WordPress plugin before , Thrive Leads WordPress plugin before , Thrive Ultimatum WordPress plugin before , Thrive Quiz Builder WordPress plugin before , Thrive Apprentice WordPress plugin before , Thrive Visual Editor WordPress plugin before , Thrive Dashboard WordPress plugin before , Thrive Ovation WordPress plugin before , Thrive Clever Widgets WordPress plugin before and Rise by Thrive Themes WordPress theme before , Ignition by Thrive Themes WordPress theme before , Luxe by Thrive Themes WordPress theme before , FocusBlog by Thrive Themes WordPress theme before , Minus by Thrive Themes WordPress theme before , Squared by Thrive Themes WordPress theme before , Voice WordPress theme before , Performag by Thrive Themes WordPress theme before , Pressive by Thrive Themes WordPress theme before , Storied by Thrive Themes WordPress theme before , Thrive Themes Builder WordPress theme before register a REST API endpoint associated with Zapier functionality. While this endpoint was intended to require an API key in order to access, it was possible to access it by supplying an empty api_key parameter in vulnerable versions if Zapier was not enabled. Attackers could use this endpoint to add arbitrary data to a predefined option in the wp_options table. CVEThe REST API endpoint get_users in the User Profile Picture WordPress plugin before returned more information than was required for its functionality to users with the upload_files capability. This included password hashes, hashed user activation keys, usernames, emails, and other less sensitive information. CVEA business logic issue in the MStore API WordPress plugin, versions before , had an authentication bypass with Sign In With Apple allowing unauthenticated users to recover an authentication cookie with only an email address. CVELack of CSRF checks in the ActiveCampaign WordPress plugin, versions before , on its Settings form, which could allow attacker to make a logged-in administrator change API Credentials to attacker's account. CVEWhen serving resources from a network location using the NTFS file system, Apache Tomcat versions M1 to M9, M1 to , to and to were susceptible to JSP source code disclosure in some configurations. The root cause was the unexpected behaviour of the JRE API storycall.usonicalPath() which in turn was caused by the inconsistent behaviour of the Windows API (FindFirstFileW) in some circumstances. CVEWindows Trust Verification API Denial of Service Vulnerability CVEThe developer page about:memory has a Measure function for exploring what object types the browser has allocated and their sizes. When this function was invoked we incorrectly called the sizeof function, instead of using the API method that checks for invalid pointers. This vulnerability affects Firefox < CVEThe DOMParser API did not properly process '<noscript>' elements for escaping. This could be used as an mXSS vector to bypass an HTML Sanitizer. This vulnerability affects Firefox < CVEOX App Suite through allows XSS via use of the conversion API for a distributedFile. CVEOX App Suite through allows SSRF via a URL with an @ character in an appsuite/api/oauth/proxy PUT request. CVEThe OpenSSL public API function X_issuer_and_serial_hash() attempts to create a unique hash value based on the issuer and serial number data contained within an X certificate. However it fails to correctly handle any errors that may occur while parsing the issuer field (which might occur if the issuer field is maliciously constructed). This may subsequently result in a NULL pointer deref and a crash leading to a potential denial of service attack. The function X_issuer_and_serial_hash() is never directly called by OpenSSL itself so applications are only vulnerable if they use this function directly and they use it on certificates that may have been obtained from untrusted sources. OpenSSL versions i and below are affected by this issue. Users of these versions should upgrade to OpenSSL j. OpenSSL versions x and below are affected by this issue. However OpenSSL is out of support and no longer receiving public updates. Premium support customers of OpenSSL should upgrade to y. Other users should upgrade to j. Fixed in OpenSSL j (Affected i). Fixed in OpenSSL y (Affected x). CVEAll versions of package storycall.us are vulnerable to Directory Traversal via the handleAddOrUpdateApi function. This function is able to delete arbitrary JSON files on the disk where Tyk is running via the management API. The APIID is provided by the user and this value is then used to create a file on disk. If there is a file found with the same name then it will be deleted and then re-created with the contents of the API creation request. CVEThe Config UI component of TIBCO Software Inc.'s TIBCO API Exchange Gateway and TIBCO API Exchange Gateway Distribution for TIBCO Silver Fabric contains a vulnerability that theoretically allows an unauthenticated attacker with network access to execute a clickjacking attack on the affected system. A successful attack using this vulnerability does not require human interaction from a person other than the attacker. Affected releases are TIBCO Software Inc.'s TIBCO API Exchange Gateway: versions and below and TIBCO API Exchange Gateway Distribution for TIBCO Silver Fabric: versions and below. CVEThe NAAS 3.x before API keys were generated using an insecure pseudo-random string and hashing algorithm which could lead to predictable keys. CVEOn versions x before , x before , and x before , BIG-IP Advanced WAF and ASM are missing authorization checks for file uploads to a specific directory within the REST API which might allow Authenticated users with guest privileges to upload files. Note: Software versions which have reached End of Technical Support (EoTS) are not evaluated. CVEIf the storycall.us https API was used incorrectly and "undefined" was in passed for the "rejectUnauthorized" parameter, no error was returned and connections to servers with an expired certificate would have been accepted. CVEAn improper access control vulnerability was identified in GitHub Enterprise Server that allowed access tokens generated from a GitHub App's web authentication flow to read private repository metadata via the REST API without having been granted the appropriate permissions. To exploit this vulnerability, an attacker would need to create a GitHub App on the instance and have a user authorize the application through the web authentication flow. The private repository metadata returned would be limited to repositories owned by the user the token identifies. This vulnerability affected all versions of GitHub Enterprise Server prior to and was fixed in versions , , This vulnerability was reported via the GitHub Bug Bounty program. CVEAn improper access control vulnerability was identified in the GitHub Enterprise Server GraphQL API that allowed authenticated users of the instance to modify the maintainer collaboration permission of a pull request without proper authorization. By exploiting this vulnerability, an attacker would be able to gain access to head branches of pull requests opened on repositories of which they are a maintainer. Forking is disabled by default for organization owned private repositories and would prevent this vulnerability. Additionally, branch protections such as required pull request reviews or status checks would prevent unauthorized commits from being merged without further review or validation. This vulnerability affected all versions of GitHub Enterprise Server since and was fixed in versions , , and This vulnerability was reported via the GitHub Bug Bounty program. CVEAn improper access control vulnerability was identified in GitHub Enterprise Server that allowed authenticated users of the instance to gain write access to unauthorized repositories via specifically crafted pull requests and REST API requests. An attacker would need to be able to fork the targeted repository, a setting that is disabled by default for organization owned private repositories. Branch protections such as required pull request reviews or status checks would prevent unauthorized commits from being merged without further review or validation. This vulnerability affected all versions of GitHub Enterprise Server since and was fixed in versions , , and This vulnerability was reported via the GitHub Bug Bounty program. CVEHyweb HyCMS-J1's API fail to filter POST request parameters. Remote attackers can inject SQL syntax and execute commands without privilege. CVEInsertion of Sensitive Information into Log File vulnerability in Micro Focus Secure API Manager (SAPIM) product, affecting version The vulnerability could lead to sensitive information being in a log file. CVEA component API of the HarmonyOS has a permission bypass vulnerability. Local attackers may exploit this vulnerability to issue commands repeatedly, exhausting system service resources. CVEA stored Cross-Site Scripting vulnerability in the Jira integration in GitLab version and above allows an attacker to execute arbitrary JavaScript code on the victim's behalf via malicious Jira API responses CVEA potential DOS vulnerability was discovered in GitLab EE starting with version due to lack of pagination in dependencies API. CVEA cross-site request forgery vulnerability in the GraphQL API in GitLab since version and before versions and allowed an attacker to call mutations as the victim CVEAn issue has been discovered in GitLab CE/EE affecting all versions starting from When querying the repository branches through API, GitLab was ignoring a query parameter and returning a considerable amount of results. CVEAn issue has been discovered in GitLab CE/EE affecting all previous versions. If the victim is an admin, it was possible to issue a CSRF in System hooks through the API. CVEInsufficient validation of authentication parameters in GitLab Pages for GitLab + allows an attacker to steal a victim's API token if they click on a maliciously crafted link CVEA regular expression denial of service issue has been discovered in NuGet API affecting all versions of GitLab starting from version CVEElastic Enterprise Search App Search versions before are vulnerable to an issue where API keys were missing authorization via an alternate route. Using this vulnerability, an authenticated attacker could utilize API keys belonging to higher privileged users. CVEElastic Enterprise Search App Search versions before was vulnerable to an issue where API keys were not bound to the same engines as their creator. This could lead to a less privileged user gaining access to unauthorized engines. CVEElasticsearch versions before and contain a document disclosure flaw was found in the Elasticsearch suggester and profile API when Document and Field Level Security are enabled. The suggester and profile API are normally disabled for an index when document level security is enabled on the index. Certain queries are able to enable the profiler and suggester which could lead to disclosing the existence of documents and fields the attacker should not be able to view. CVEElasticsearch versions to contain an information disclosure flaw in the async search API. Users who execute an async search will improperly store the HTTP headers. An Elasticsearch user with the ability to read the .tasks index could obtain sensitive request headers of other users in the cluster. This issue is fixed in Elasticsearch CVEAn improper neutralization of input during web page generation in FortiWeb GUI interface through and version before may allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to perform a reflected cross site scripting attack (XSS) by injecting malicious payload in different vulnerable API end-points. CVECloud Controller API versions prior to logs service broker credentials if the default value of db logging config field is changed. CAPI database logs service broker password in plain text whenever a job to clean up orphaned items is run by Cloud Controller. CVEIn Spring Data REST versions - , - , and older unsupported versions, HTTP resources implemented by custom controllers using a configured base API path and a controller type-level request mapping are additionally exposed under URIs that can potentially be exposed for unauthorized access depending on the Spring Security configuration. CVEVMware Workspace ONE UEM REST API contains a denial of service vulnerability. A malicious actor with access to /API/system/admins/session could cause an API denial of service due to improper rate limiting. CVEThe vRealize Operations Manager API (8.x prior to ) contains a Server Side Request Forgery in an end point. An unauthenticated malicious actor with network access to the vRealize Operations Manager API can perform a Server Side Request Forgery attack leading to information disclosure. CVEThe vRealize Operations Manager API (8.x prior to ) contains a Server Side Request Forgery in an end point. An unauthenticated malicious actor with network access to the vRealize Operations Manager API can perform a Server Side Request Forgery attack leading to information disclosure. CVEThe vRealize Operations Manager API (8.x prior to ) contains a broken access control vulnerability leading to unauthenticated API access. An unauthenticated malicious actor with network access to the vRealize Operations Manager API can add new nodes to existing vROps cluster. CVEThe vRealize Operations Manager API (8.x prior to ) contains an arbitrary log-file read vulnerability. An unauthenticated malicious actor with network access to the vRealize Operations Manager API can read any log file resulting in sensitive information disclosure. CVEThe vRealize Operations Manager API (8.x prior to ) has insecure object reference vulnerability. A malicious actor with administrative access to vRealize Operations Manager API may be able to modify other users information leading to an account takeover. CVEThe vRealize Operations Manager API (8.x prior to ) contains an arbitrary file read vulnerability. A malicious actor with administrative access to vRealize Operations Manager API can read any arbitrary file on server leading to information disclosure. CVEThe vCenter Server contains a denial-of-service vulnerability in VAPI (vCenter API) service. A malicious actor with network access to port on vCenter Server may exploit this issue by sending a specially crafted jsonrpc message to create a denial of service condition. CVEThe vCenter Server contains a file path traversal vulnerability leading to information disclosure in the appliance management API. A malicious actor with network access to port on vCenter Server may exploit this issue to gain access to sensitive information. CVEThe vCenter Server contains an information disclosure vulnerability due to an unauthenticated appliance management API. A malicious actor with network access to port on vCenter Server may exploit this issue to gain access to sensitive information. CVEvCenter Server contains an unauthenticated API endpoint vulnerability in vCenter Server Content Library. A malicious actor with network access to port on vCenter Server may exploit this issue to perform unauthenticated VM network setting manipulation. CVEThe vCenter Server contains multiple denial-of-service vulnerabilities in VAPI (vCenter API) service. A malicious actor with network access to port on vCenter Server may exploit these issues to create a denial of service condition due to excessive memory consumption by VAPI service. CVEThe vCenter Server contains an information disclosure vulnerability in VAPI (vCenter API) service. A malicious actor with network access to port on vCenter Server may exploit this issue by sending a specially crafted json-rpc message to gain access to sensitive information. CVEArbitrary file write vulnerability in vRealize Operations Manager API (CVE) prior to may allow an authenticated malicious actor with network access to the vRealize Operations Manager API can write files to arbitrary locations on the underlying photon operating system. CVEServer Side Request Forgery in vRealize Operations Manager API (CVE) prior to may allow a malicious actor with network access to the vRealize Operations Manager API can perform a Server Side Request Forgery attack to steal administrative credentials. CVEJenkins Code Coverage API Plugin and earlier does not apply Jenkins JEP deserialization protection to Java objects it deserializes from disk, resulting in a remote code execution vulnerability. CVEJenkins Selenium HTML report Plugin and earlier does not configure its XML parser to prevent XML external entity (XXE) attacks. CVEJenkins S3 publisher Plugin and earlier does not perform Run/Artifacts permission checks in various HTTP endpoints and API models, allowing attackers with Item/Read permission to obtain information about artifacts uploaded to S3, if the optional Run/Artifacts permission is enabled. CVEJenkins and earlier, LTS and earlier does not validate the type of object created after loading the data submitted to the `storycall.us` REST API endpoint of a node, allowing attackers with Computer/Configure permission to replace a node with one of a different type. CVEDell EMC NetWorker, or older, contain an uncontrolled resource consumption flaw in its API service. An authorized API user could potentially exploit this vulnerability via the web and desktop user interfaces, leading to denial of service in the manageability path. CVEDell Hybrid Client versions prior to contain an information exposure vulnerability. A local unauthenticated attacker may exploit this vulnerability in order to gain access to sensitive information via the local API. CVEPowerScale OneFS , and contains an improper input sanitization issue in its API handler. An un-authtenticated with ISI_PRIV_SYS_SUPPORT and ISI_PRIV_LOGIN_PAPI privileges could potentially exploit this vulnerability, leading to potential privileges escalation. CVEIn CLA-Assistant, versions before , due to improper access control an authenticated user could access API endpoints which are not intended to be used by the user. This could impact the integrity of the application. CVE
    Источник: [storycall.us]
    storycall.us


    CVE
    The dl module in Ruby and earlier, through p, through p71, and through r does not check "taintness" of inputs, which allows context-dependent attackers to bypass safe levels and execute dangerous functions by accessing a library using storycall.us

    CVE
    The REXML module in Ruby through p, through p72, and allows context-dependent attackers to cause a denial of service (CPU consumption) via an XML document with recursively nested entities, aka an "XML entity explosion."

    CVE
    The ReadOneJNGImage function in coders/png.c in GraphicsMagick allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (application crash) during JNG reading via a zero-length color_image data structure.

    CVE
    A denial-of-service vulnerability exists in the Pixar Renderman IT Display Service (0x67). The vulnerability is present in the parsing of a network packet without proper validation of the packet. The data read by the application is not validated, and its use can lead to a null pointer dereferen

    CVE
    The php_wddx_process_data function in ext/wddx/wddx.c in PHP before and 7.x before allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (segmentation fault) or possibly have unspecified other impact via an invalid ISO time value, as demonstrated by a wddx_deserialize call that mis

    CVE
    In params.c in zsh through , there is a crash during a copy of an empty hash table, as demonstrated by typeset -p.

    CVE
    In FreeBSD STABLE before r, RELEASE before RELEASE-p4, STABLE before r, and RELEASE before RELEASE-p8, incomplete packet data validation may result in memory access after it has been freed leading to a kernel panic or other unpredictable results.

    CVE
    In Android for MSM, Firefox OS for MSM, QRD Android, with all Android releases from CAF using the Linux kernel, improper input validation for resp_event->vdev_id in wma_unified_bcntx_status_event_handler(), which is received from firmware, leads to potential out of bounds memory read.

    CVE
    In Android for MSM, Firefox OS for MSM, QRD Android, with all Android releases from CAF using the Linux kernel, improper input validation for cmpl_params->num_reports, param_buf->desc_ids and param_buf->status in wma_mgmt_tx_bundle_completion_handler(), which is received from firmware, leads to pote

    CVE
    In Android for MSM, Firefox OS for MSM, QRD Android, with all Android releases from CAF using the Linux kernel, improper input validation for fix_param->vdev_id in wma_p2p_lo_event_handler(), which is received from firmware, leads to potential out of bounds memory read.

    CVE
    In Android for MSM, Firefox OS for MSM, QRD Android, with all Android releases from CAF using the Linux kernel, improper input validation for vdev_id in wma_unified_bcntx_status_event_handler() which is received from firmware leads to potential out of bounds memory read.

    CVE
    In Android for MSM, Firefox OS for MSM, QRD Android, with all Android releases from CAF using the Linux kernel, improper input validation for vdev id in wma_nlo_scan_cmp_evt_handler(), which is received from firmware, leads to potential out of bounds memory read.

    CVE
    In Android for MSM, Firefox OS for MSM, QRD Android, with all Android releases from CAF using the Linux kernel, improper input validation for wow_buf_pkt_len in wma_wow_wakeup_host_event() which is received from firmware leads to potential out of bounds memory read.

    CVE
    In Android for MSM, Firefox OS for MSM, QRD Android, with all Android releases from CAF using the Linux kernel, improper input validation for vdev id in wma_scan_event_callback(), which is received from firmware, leads to potential out of bounds memory read.

    CVE
    In Android for MSM, Firefox OS for MSM, QRD Android, with all Android releases from CAF using the Linux kernel, improper input validation for vdev_map in wma_tbttoffset_update_event_handler(), which is received from firmware, leads to potential buffer overwrite and out of bounds memory read.

    CVE
    In Android for MSM, Firefox OS for MSM, QRD Android, with all Android releases from CAF using the Linux kernel, improper input validation for event->vdev_id in wma_rcpi_event_handler(), which is received from firmware, leads to potential out of bounds memory read.

    CVE
    In GraphicsMagick , an allocation failure vulnerability was found in the function ReadMNGImage in coders/png.c when a small MNG file has a MEND chunk with a large length value.

    CVE
    It was discovered systemd does not correctly check the content of PIDFile files before using it to kill processes. When a service is run from an unprivileged user (e.g. User field set in the service file), a local attacker who is able to write to the PIDFile of the mentioned service may use this fla

    CVE
    The DrawDashPolygon function in magick/render.c in GraphicsMagick before and the SVG renderer in ImageMagick allow remote attackers to cause a denial of service (infinite loop) by converting a circularly defined SVG file.

    CVE
    Multiple Buffer Over-read issue can happen due to improper length checks while decoding Service Reject/RAU Reject/PTMSI Realloc cmd in Snapdragon Auto, Snapdragon Compute, Snapdragon Connectivity, Snapdragon Consumer IOT, Snapdragon Industrial IOT, Snapdragon IoT, Snapdragon Mobile, Snapdragon Voice

    CVE
    Buffer over-read can occur in fast message handler due to improper input validation while processing a message from firmware in Snapdragon Auto, Snapdragon Consumer Electronics Connectivity, Snapdragon Consumer IOT, Snapdragon Industrial IOT, Snapdragon Mobile, Snapdragon Voice & Music in APQ, A

    CVE
    Improper input validation while processing SIP URI received from the network will lead to buffer over-read and then to denial of service in Snapdragon Auto, Snapdragon Compute, Snapdragon Consumer IOT, Snapdragon Industrial IOT, Snapdragon IoT, Snapdragon Mobile, Snapdragon Voice & Music, Snapdragon

    CVE
    Insufficient input validation in Kernel Mode Driver in Intel(R) Graphics Driver for Windows* before versions x (aka x), x (aka x), x (aka x) x (aka x) and potentially enables an unprivileged user t

    CVE
    AjaxRestrictedCmdStat in zap in Ruckus Wireless Unleashed through allows remote code execution via a POST request that uses tools/_storycall.us to write to a specified filename.

    CVE
    _core_/plugins/medias in SPIP x before allows remote authenticated authors to inject content into the database.

    CVE
    Insufficient Input Validation in Bleach module in INTEL Distribution for Python versions prior to IDP Update 2 allows unprivileged user to bypass URI sanitization via local vector.

    CVE
    A security Bypass vulnerability exists in the FcgidPassHeader Proxy in mod_fcgid through

    CVE
    The slapper function in chkrootkit before does not properly quote file paths, which allows local users to execute arbitrary code via a Trojan horse executable. NOTE: this is only a vulnerability when /tmp is not mounted with the noexec option.

    CVE
    APT before does not properly validate source packages, which allows man-in-the-middle attackers to download and install Trojan horse packages by removing the Release signature.

    CVE
    The doPayouts() function of the smart contract implementation for MegaCryptoPolis, an Ethereum game, has a Denial of Service vulnerability. If a smart contract that has a fallback function always causing exceptions buys a land, users cannot buy lands near that contract's land, because those purchase

    CVE
    In Eclipse Mosquitto versions to inclusive, if a message is published to Mosquitto that has a topic starting with $, but that is not $SYS, e.g. $test/test, then an assert is triggered that should otherwise not be reachable and Mosquitto will exit.

    CVE
    Opera allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (crash) via a Java applet with a large string argument to the removeMember JNI method for the storycall.usct class.

    CVE
    Adobe Creative Cloud Desktop Application versions and earlier have an exploitable Improper input validation vulnerability. Successful exploitation could lead to local privilege escalation.

    CVE
    The image upload feature in Tiki CMS/Groupware (TikiWiki) and earlier allows remote attackers to upload and possibly execute arbitrary files via the img/wiki_up URL.

    CVE
    Local File Inclusion (LFI) in Artica Pandora FMS through version allows an attacker to call any php file via the /pandora_console/storycall.us ajax endpoint.

    CVE
    storycall.us , as used in Cisco Secure ACS Unix and possibly other products, allows remote attackers to read arbitrary files by prepending several / (slash) characters to the URI.

    CVE
    The make_http_soap_request function in ext/soap/php_http.c in PHP before , x before , x before , and 7.x before allows remote attackers to obtain sensitive information from process memory or cause a denial of service (type confusion and application crash) via crafted

    CVE
    IBM MQ - , - , - , - , - , and - command server is vulnerable to a denial of service attack caused by an authenticated and authorized user using specially crafted PCF messages. IBM X-Force ID:

    CVE
    In storycall.us eXplorer Anti-Virus before , the driver file (VIAGLTSYS) contains an Arbitrary Write vulnerability because of not validating input values from IOCtl 0xC.

    CVE
    Parameter corruption in NDIS filter driver in Intel Online Connect Access allows an attacker to cause a denial of service via local access.

    CVE
    An issue was discovered in Mattermost Server before , , and It allows an attacker to create a button that, when pressed by a user, launches an API request.

    CVE
    Embedthis GoAhead before allows remote code execution if CGI is enabled and a CGI program is dynamically linked. This is a result of initializing the environment of forked CGI scripts using untrusted HTTP request parameters in the cgiHandler function in cgi.c. When combined with the glibc dyna

    CVE
    Grisoft AVG Anti-Virus before has unknown impact and remote attack vectors involving an uninitialized variable and a crafted CAB file.

    CVE
    Adobe Campaign versions Build and earlier have an input validation bypass that could be exploited to read, write, or delete data from the Campaign database.

    CVE
    In Eclipse Vert.x version to , the HttpServer response headers and HttpClient request headers do not filter carriage return and line feed characters from the header value. This allow unfiltered values to inject a new header in the client request or server response.

    CVE
    The static-eval module is intended to evaluate statically-analyzable expressions. In affected versions, untrusted user input is able to access the global function constructor, effectively allowing arbitrary code execution.

    CVE
    libavcodec/vorbis_dec.c in the Vorbis decoder in FFmpeg and earlier allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (application crash) via a crafted .ogg file, related to the vorbis_floor0_decode function. NOTE: this might overlap CVE

    CVE
    fetchmail email client before does not properly limit the maximum number of messages available, which allows a remote IMAP server to overwrite memory via a message count that exceeds the boundaries of an array.

    CVE
    An issue was discovered in Mattermost Server before , , and An attacker could create fictive system-message posts via webhooks and slash commands, in the v3 or v4 REST API.

    CVE
    Microsoft SharePoint Spoofing Vulnerability This CVE ID is unique from CVE

    CVE
    ISC DHCP 4.x before ESV-RP1, x, and x before P1 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (application crash) via an invalid length field in a UDP IPv4 packet.

    CVE
    IBM Cloud Orchestrator through and through contain APIs that could be used by a local user to send email. IBM X-Force ID:

    CVE
    Panasonic FPWIN Pro 5.x through 7.x before allows local users to cause a denial of service or possibly have unspecified other impact via vectors that leverage "type confusion."

    CVE
    Panasonic FPWIN Pro 5.x through 7.x before accesses an uninitialized pointer, which allows local users to cause a denial of service or possibly have unspecified other impact via unknown vectors.

    CVE
    IBM Content Navigator and is vulnerable to improper input validation. A malicious administrator could bypass the user interface and send requests to the IBM Content Navigator server with illegal characters that could be stored in the IBM Content Navigator database. IBM X-Force ID:

    CVE
    On BIG-IP , , , , and , malformed input to the DATAGRAM::tcp iRules command within a FLOW_INIT event may lead to a denial of service.

    CVE
    Specific cstrings input may not be properly validated in the MongoDB Go Driver when marshalling Go objects into BSON. A malicious user could use a Go object with specific string to potentially inject additional fields into marshalled documents. This issue affects all MongoDB GO Drivers up to (and in

    CVE
    A "logic error" in Cisco IOS through , when a Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) VPN with extended communities is configured, sometimes causes a corrupted route target (RT) to be used, which allows remote attackers to read traffic from other VPNs in opportunistic circumstances.

    CVE
    A vulnerability was discovered in NetIQ Sentinel Server before that may allow remote denial of service.

    CVE
    storycall.us in Django Piston before and x before does not properly deserialize YAML data, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary Python code via vectors related to the storycall.us method.

    CVE
    The from_yaml method in storycall.us in Django Tastypie before does not properly deserialize YAML data, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary Python code via vectors related to the storycall.us method.

    CVE
    TimThumb (storycall.us) before does not validate the entire source with the domain white list, which allows remote attackers to upload and execute arbitrary code via a URL containing a white-listed domain in the src parameter, then accessing it via a direct request to the file in the cache direc

    CVE
    IBM Spectrum Protect and could allow an attacker to cause a denial of service due ti improper validation of user-supplied input. IBM X-Force ID:

    CVE
    In all android releases(Android for MSM, Firefox OS for MSM, QRD Android) from CAF using the linux kernel, improper input validation can lead to an improper access to already freed up dci client entries while closing dci client.

    CVE
    In IXP EasyInstall , it is possible to temporarily disable UAC by using the Agent Service on a client system. An authenticated attacker (non-admin) can disable UAC for other users by renaming and replacing %SYSTEMDRIVE%\IXP\DATA\storycall.us

    CVE
    Functions/EWD_UFAQ_storycall.us in the ultimate-faqs plugin through for WordPress allows unauthenticated options import.

    CVE
    A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows font library improperly handles specially crafted embedded fonts, aka "Microsoft Graphics Remote Code Execution Vulnerability." This affects Windows 7, Windows Server R2, Windows RT , Windows Server , Windows Server , Wind

    CVE
    A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows font library improperly handles specially crafted embedded fonts, aka "Microsoft Graphics Remote Code Execution Vulnerability." This affects Windows 7, Windows Server R2, Windows RT , Windows Server , Windows Server , Wind

    CVE
    A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows font library improperly handles specially crafted embedded fonts, aka "Microsoft Graphics Remote Code Execution Vulnerability." This affects Windows 7, Windows Server R2, Windows RT , Windows Server , Windows Server , Wind

    CVE
    An issue was discovered in Serpico (aka SimplE RePort wrIting and CollaboratiOn tool) The Add Collaborator allows unlimited data via the author parameter, even if the data does not match anything in the database.

    CVE
    The apt-get download command in APT before does not properly validate signatures for packages, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted package.

    CVE
    An issue was discovered in Linaro LAVA before post1. Because of support for file: URLs, a user can force lava-server-gunicorn to download any file from the filesystem if it's readable by lavaserver and valid yaml.

    CVE
    The etm_setup_aux function in drivers/hwtracing/coresight/coresight-etm-perf.c in the Linux kernel before allows attackers to cause a denial of service (panic) because a parameter is incorrectly used as a local variable.

    CVE
    An issue was discovered in Linaro LAVA before post1. Because of support for URLs in the submit page, a user can forge an HTTP request that will force lava-server-gunicorn to return any file on the server that is readable by lavaserver and valid yaml.

    CVE
    An issue was discovered in Linaro LAVA before post1. Because of use of storycall.us() instead of storycall.us_load() when parsing user data, remote code execution can occur.

    CVE
    A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows font library improperly handles specially crafted embedded fonts, aka "Microsoft Graphics Remote Code Execution Vulnerability." This affects Windows 7, Windows Server R2, Windows RT , Windows Server , Windows Server , Wind

    CVE
    A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows font library improperly handles specially crafted embedded fonts, aka "Microsoft Graphics Remote Code Execution Vulnerability." This affects Windows 7, Windows Server R2, Windows RT , Windows Server , Windows Server , Wind

    CVE
    An issue was discovered in the cantata-mounter D-Bus service in Cantata through A regular user can inject additional mount options such as file_mode= by manipulating (for example) the domain parameter of the samba URL.

    CVE
    An issue was discovered in the cantata-mounter D-Bus service in Cantata through The wrapper script 'storycall.usr' uses the shell to forward the arguments to the actual storycall.us binary. The shell evaluates wildcards (such as in an injected string:/home/../tmp/* string).

    CVE
    On BIG-IP , , and , undisclosed HTTP/2 requests can lead to a denial of service when sent to a virtual server configured with the Fallback Host setting and a server-side HTTP/2 profile.

    CVE
    Knot DNS before allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (application crash) via a crafted DNS message.

    CVE
    The URLValidator class in Apache Struts 2 through and x before allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service via a null value for a URL field.

    CVE
    APT before does not "invalidate repository data" when moving from an unauthenticated to authenticated state, which allows remote attackers to have unspecified impact via crafted repository data.

    CVE
    By manipulating the URL parameter externalLoginKey, a malicious, logged in user could pass valid Freemarker directives to the Template Engine that are reflected on the webpage; a specially crafted Freemarker template could be used for remote code execution. Mitigation: Upgrade to Apache OFBiz

    CVE
    APT before , when the Acquire::GzipIndexes option is enabled, does not validate checksums, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted package.

    CVE
    Apache Struts 2.x before allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a "%{}" sequence in a tag attribute, aka forced double OGNL evaluation. NOTE: this vulnerability exists because of an incomplete fix for CVE

    CVE
    The storycall.use function in Django before , x before , x before , and before release candidate 3 does not properly validate URLs, which allows remote attackers to conduct phishing attacks via a // (slash slash) in a URL, which triggers a scheme-relative URL

    CVE
    A denial-of-service issue was discovered in the MQTT library in Arm Mbed OS The function readMQTTLenString() is called by the function MQTTDeserialize_publish() to get the length and content of the MQTT topic name. In the function readMQTTLenString(), mqttstring->storycall.us is a part

    CVE
    AESM daemon in Intel Software Guard Extensions Platform Software Component for Linux before can effectively be disabled by a local attacker creating a denial of services like remote attestation provided by the AESM.

    CVE
    The UnescapeURLWithOffsetsImpl function in net/base/storycall.us in Google Chrome before does not properly handle bidirectional Internationalized Resource Identifiers (IRIs), which makes it easier for remote attackers to spoof URLs via crafted use of right-to-left (RTL) Unicode text.

    CVE
    The base64DecodeInternal function in wtf/text/Basecpp in Blink, as used in Google Chrome before , does not properly handle string data composed exclusively of whitespace characters, which allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (out-of-bounds read) via a storycall.us meth

    CVE
    The iconv program in the GNU C Library (aka glibc or libc6) and earlier, when invoked with multiple suffixes in the destination encoding (TRANSLATE or IGNORE) along with the -c option, enters an infinite loop when processing invalid multi-byte input sequences, leading to a denial of service.

    CVE
    storycall.usns in Django before and x before , when session data is stored in the cache, uses the root namespace for both session identifiers and application-data keys, which allows remote attackers to modify a session by triggering use of a key that is equal to that session'

    CVE
    routing before version is vulnerable to an improper input validation of the Openshift Routing configuration which can cause an entire shard to be brought down. A malicious user can use this vulnerability to cause a Denial of Service attack for other users of the router shard.

    CVE
    The verify_exists functionality in the URLField implementation in Django before and x before originally tests a URL's validity through a HEAD request, but then uses a GET request for the new target URL in the case of a redirect, which might allow remote attackers to trigger arbitrary

    CVE
    Django before and x before uses a request's HTTP Host header to construct a full URL in certain circumstances, which allows remote attackers to conduct cache poisoning attacks via a crafted request.

    CVE
    Special element injection vulnerability in Intel Security VirusScan Enterprise Linux (VSEL) (and earlier) allows authenticated remote attackers to read files on the webserver via a crafted user input.

    CVE
    runtime/storycall.us in JavaScriptCore in WebKit, as distributed in Safari Technology Preview Release 18, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (segmentation violation and application crash) via crafted JavaScript code that triggers a "type confusion" in the storycall.usify function.

    CVE
    The cleanup_journal_tail function in the Journaling Block Device (JBD) functionality in the Linux kernel allows local users to cause a denial of service (assertion error and kernel oops) via an ext3 or ext4 image with an "invalid log first block value."

    CVE
    The Relevant Content module 5.x before 5.x and 6.x before 6.x for Drupal does not properly implement node access logic, which allows remote attackers to discover restricted node titles and relationships.

    CVE
    UIKit WebView in Apple iOS before allows attackers to bypass an intended user-confirmation requirement and initiate arbitrary FaceTime calls via an app that provides a crafted URL.

    CVE
    An issue has been discovered on the Belden Hirschmann Tofino Xenon Security Appliance before Design flaws in OPC classic and in custom netfilter modules allow an attacker to remotely activate rules on the firewall and to connect to any TCP port of a protected asset, thus bypassing the firew

    CVE
    SolarWinds TFTP Server allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (no new connections) via a crafted read request.

    CVE
    The Perl_reg_numbered_buff_fetch function in Perl , , , and other versions, when running with debugging enabled, allows context-dependent attackers to cause a denial of service (assertion failure and application exit) via crafted input that is not properly handled when using certai

    CVE
    The ScopedClipboardWriter::WritePickledData function in ui/base/clipboard/scoped_clipboard_storycall.us in Google Chrome before on OS X and Linux and before on Windows does not verify a certain format value, which allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service or possi

    CVE
    A denial of service vulnerability in the Qualcomm WiFi driver. Product: Android. Versions: Android kernel. Android ID: A References: QC-CR#

    CVE
    A vulnerability has been identified in SCALANCE X (All versions < V), SCALANCE X (All versions < V), SCALANCE X (All versions). The web interface on port /tcp could allow an attacker to cause a Denial-of-Service condition by sending specially crafted packets to the web server.

    CVE
    Squid before and 5.x before allows remote servers to cause a denial of service (affecting availability to all clients) via an HTTP response. The issue trigger is a header that can be expected to exist in HTTP traffic without any malicious intent by the server.

    CVE
    The sctp_packet_config function in net/sctp/output.c in the Linux kernel before performs extraneous initializations of packet data structures, which allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (panic) via a certain sequence of SCTP traffic.

    CVE
    OLE in Microsoft Windows Server SP2, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows , Windows Server Gold and R2, and Windows RT Gold and allows remote attackers to gain privileges via crafted input, as demonstrated by a transition from Low

    CVE
    E-Series SANtricity OS Controller Software version is susceptible to a vulnerability which allows an attacker to cause a Denial of Service (DoS) in IPv6 environments.

    CVE
    OLE in Microsoft Windows Server SP2, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows , Windows Server Gold and R2, and Windows RT Gold and allows remote attackers to gain privileges via crafted input, as demonstrated by a transition from Low

    CVE
    It is possible to cause a DoS condition by causing the server to crash in alien-arena by supplying various invalid parameters to the download command.

    CVE
    Open Ticket Request System (OTRS) before does not properly handle e-mail messages in which the From line contains UTF-8 characters associated with diacritical marks and an invalid charset, which allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (duplicate tickets and duplicate auto-response

    CVE
    All versions of ONTAP Select Deploy administration utility are susceptible to a vulnerability which when successfully exploited could allow an administrative user to escalate their privileges.

    CVE
    The AgentTicketForward feature in Open Ticket Request System (OTRS) before does not properly remove inline images from HTML e-mail messages, which allows remote attackers to obtain potentially sensitive image information in opportunistic circumstances by reading a forwarded message in a standa

    CVE
    Pebble Templates allows attackers to bypass a protection mechanism (intended to block access to instances of storycall.us) because getClass is accessible via the public static storycall.us storycall.use(storycall.us,storycall.us) signature.

    CVE
    In IXP EasyInstall , there is Lateral Movement (using the Agent Service) against other users on a client system. An authenticated attacker can, by modifying %SYSTEMDRIVE%\IXP\SW\[PACKAGE_CODE]\storycall.us, achieve this movement and execute code in the context of other users.

    CVE
    includes/storycall.us in the igniteup plugin through for WordPress allows unauthenticated arbitrary file deletion.

    CVE
    TeX Live allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands by leveraging inclusion of mpost in shell_escape_commands in the storycall.us config file.

    CVE
    On BIG-IP , specially formatted HTTP/3 messages may cause TMM to produce a core file.

    CVE
    On BIG-IP and , while processing specifically crafted traffic using the default 'xnet' driver, Virtual Edition instances hosted in Amazon Web Services (AWS) may experience a TMM restart.

    CVE
    On BIG-IP , , , , and , undisclosed HTTP behavior may lead to a denial of service.

    CVE
    On BIG-IP , , , , , and , the tmm crashes under certain circumstances when using the connector profile if a specific sequence of connections are made.

    CVE
    The Marvell driver for the Netgear WNT Wi-Fi access point with firmware on the Marvell 88WP-BEM1 chipset does not properly parse the SSID information element in an association request, which allows remote authenticated users to cause a denial of service (device reboot or hang) or possi

    CVE
    Yubico PAM Module before performed user authentication when 'use_first_pass' PAM configuration option was not used and the module was configured as 'sufficient' in the PAM configuration. A remote attacker could use this flaw to circumvent common authentication process and obtain access to the a

    CVE
    In versions prior to , the NGINX Controller Agent installer script 'storycall.us' uses HTTP instead of HTTPS to check and install packages

    CVE
    The kernel in Apple iOS before , Apple OS X before , and Apple TV before does not properly determine whether an IPv6 packet had a local origin, which allows remote attackers to bypass an intended network-filtering protection mechanism via a crafted packet.

    CVE
    The TCP implementation in the kernel in Apple iOS before , Apple OS X before , and Apple TV before does not properly implement the Urgent (aka out-of-band data) mechanism, which allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service via crafted packets.

    CVE
    On BIG-IP , , and , under certain conditions, TMM may crash or stop processing new traffic with the DPDK/ENA driver on AWS systems while sending traffic. This issue does not affect any other platforms, hardware or virtual, or any other cloud provider sinc

    CVE
    The kernel in Apple iOS before , Apple OS X before , and Apple TV before does not properly handle TCP headers, which allows man-in-the-middle attackers to cause a denial of service via unspecified vectors.

    CVE
    The kernel in Apple iOS before , Apple OS X before , and Apple TV before makes routing changes in response to ICMP_REDIRECT messages, which allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (network outage) or obtain sensitive packet-content information via a crafted ICMP packet.

    CVE
    IBM Tivoli Directory Server (TDS) before (aka TIV-ITDS-IF) does not perform certain locking of linked-list access, which allows remote authenticated users to cause a denial of service (daemon crash) via a paged search.

    CVE
    BMC Medical Luna CPAP Machines released prior to July 1, , contain an improper input validation vulnerability which may allow an authenticated attacker to crash the CPAP's Wi-Fi module resulting in a denial-of-service condition.

    CVE
    fontd in Apple Type Services (ATS) in Apple OS X before allows local users to gain privileges via unspecified vectors, a different vulnerability than CVE, CVE, CVE, and CVE

    CVE
    fontd in Apple Type Services (ATS) in Apple OS X before allows local users to gain privileges via unspecified vectors, a different vulnerability than CVE, CVE, CVE, and CVE

    CVE
    qa-include/storycall.us in Question2Answer before allows remote attackers to create multiple user accounts.

    CVE
    ImageIO in Apple OS X before allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (memory corruption) via a crafted .sgi file.

    CVE
    Hypervisor in Apple OS X before allows local users to cause a denial of service via unspecified vectors.

    CVE
    fontd in Apple Type Services (ATS) in Apple OS X before allows local users to gain privileges via unspecified vectors, a different vulnerability than CVE, CVE, CVE, and CVE

    CVE
    Microsoft Office SP3, SP2, SP1, and RT SP1 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted template, aka "Microsoft Office Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."

    CVE
    fontd in Apple Type Services (ATS) in Apple OS X before allows local users to gain privileges via unspecified vectors, a different vulnerability than CVE, CVE, CVE, and CVE

    CVE
    fontd in Apple Type Services (ATS) in Apple OS X before allows local users to gain privileges via unspecified vectors, a different vulnerability than CVE, CVE, CVE, and CVE

    CVE
    The DiagTraceR3Info function in the Dialog processor in disp+storycall.us and in the Dispatcher in SAP NetWeaver EHP1 and EHP2, when a certain Developer Trace configuration is enabled, allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted SAP Diag packet.

    CVE
    SAP 3D Visual Enterprise Viewer, version - 9, allows a user to open manipulated GIF file received from untrusted sources which results in crashing of the application and becoming temporarily unavailable until the user restarts the application, this is caused due to Improper Input Validation.

    CVE
    The SIP implementation in Cisco Unified Communications Manager (CUCM) 6.x and 7.x before (5b)su5, 8.x before (1)su4, and before (2a)su1; Cisco IOS through and through ; and Cisco IOS XE xSG before SG, xS, and xS allows remote attackers to cause a deni

    CVE
    The Broadcom BCM and BCM Wi-Fi chips, as used in certain Acer, Apple, Asus, Ford, HTC, Kyocera, LG, Malata, Motorola, Nokia, Pantech, Samsung, and Sony products, allow remote attackers to cause a denial of service (out-of-bounds read and Wi-Fi outage) via an RSN i information element.

    CVE
    A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Windows OLE fails to properly validate user input, aka 'Windows OLE Remote Code Execution Vulnerability'.

    CVE
    SAP 3D Visual Enterprise Viewer, version - 9, allows a user to open manipulated PCX file received from untrusted sources which results in crashing of the application and becoming temporarily unavailable until the user restarts the application, this is caused due to Improper Input Validation.

    CVE
    An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V on a host operating system fails to properly validate input from an authenticated user on a guest operating system, aka 'Windows Hyper-V Information Disclosure Vulnerability'.

    CVE
    SAP 3D Visual Enterprise Viewer, version - 9, allows a user to open manipulated FLI file received from untrusted sources which results in crashing of the application and becoming temporarily unavailable until the user restarts the application, this is caused due to Improper Input Validation.

    CVE
    A vulnerability in open build service allows remote attackers to gain access to source files even though source access is disabled. Affected releases are SUSE open build service up to and including version (for ) and before version

    CVE
    Missing escaping of ESSID values in sysconfig of SUSE Linux Enterprise allows attackers controlling an access point to cause execute arbitrary code. Affected releases are sysconfig prior to

    CVE
    WebKit, as used in Apple iOS before and Apple Safari before , 7.x before , and 8.x before , does not properly handle the userinfo field in FTP URLs, which allows remote attackers to trigger incorrect resource access via unspecified vectors.

    CVE
    Smarty before beta 7 does not properly handle the <?php and ?> tags, which has unspecified impact and remote attack vectors.

    CVE
    A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Microsoft Edge when the Edge Content Security Policy (CSP) fails to properly validate certain specially crafted documents, aka "Microsoft Edge Security Feature Bypass Vulnerability." This affects Microsoft Edge. This CVE ID is unique from CVE

    CVE
    The PyGrub boot loader in Xen unstable before changeset f09d1ab1fe, x, and x allows local para-virtualized guest users to cause a denial of service (memory consumption) via a large (1) bzip2 or (2) lzma compressed kernel image.

    CVE
    Due to improper input sanitization, specially crafted LDAP queries can be injected by an unauthenticated user. This could partially impact the confidentiality of the application.

    CVE
    The krb5_db2_lockout_audit function in the Key Distribution Center (KDC) in MIT Kerberos 5 (aka krb5) through , when the db2 (aka Berkeley DB) back end is used, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (assertion failure and daemon exit) via unspecified vectors, a different vuln

    CVE
    A vulnerability has been identified in SIMATIC HMI Comfort Panels 4" - 22" (All versions < V14), SIMATIC HMI Comfort Outdoor Panels 7" & 15" (All versions < V14), SIMATIC HMI KTP Mobile Panels KTPF, KTP, KTPF, KTP and KTPF (All versions < V14), SIMATIC WinCC Runtime Advanced (All vers

    CVE
    PHP does not always check the return value of the zend_strndup function, which might allow remote attackers to cause a denial of service (NULL pointer dereference and application crash) via crafted input to an application that performs strndup operations on untrusted string data, as demonstrat

    CVE
    Open Ticket Request System (OTRS) before beta7 does not properly restrict the ticket ages that are within the scope of a search, which allows remote authenticated users to cause a denial of service (daemon hang) via a fulltext search.

    CVE
    LaunchServices in Apple OS X before allows local users to cause a denial of service (Finder crash) via crafted localization data.

    CVE
    Remote Desktop Session Host (RDSH) in Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) through in Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows , Windows Server Gold and R2, and Windows RT Gold and does not properly verify certificates, which allows

    CVE
    A vulnerability in the improper handling of junctions before deletion in Bitdefender Total Security can allow an attacker to to trigger a denial of service on the affected device.

    CVE
    The storycall.us script in Umbraco allows remote attackers to proxy requests on their behalf via the "url" parameter.

    CVE
    core/html/storycall.us in the DOM implementation in Blink, as used in Google Chrome before on Windows and OS X and before on Linux, does not properly check renderer state upon a focus event, which allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service or possibly h

    CVE
    The PointerCompare function in storycall.us in Seccomp-BPF, as used in Google Chrome before on Windows and OS X and before on Linux, does not properly merge blocks, which might allow remote attackers to bypass intended sandbox restrictions by leveraging renderer access.

    CVE
    The companion-auto-update plugin before for WordPress has local file inclusion.

    CVE
    Open redirect vulnerability in the Administrative Console in CA Arcot WebFort Versatile Authentication Server (VAS) before allows remote attackers to redirect users to arbitrary web sites and conduct phishing attacks via unspecified vectors.

    CVE
    The VEGAOpBitmap::AddLine function in Opera before does not properly initialize memory during processing of the SIZE attribute of a SELECT element, which allows remote attackers to trigger an invalid memory write operation, and consequently cause a denial of service (application crash) or poss

    CVE
    A Local Privilege Escalation Vulnerability in MagniComp's Sysinfo before H64 for Linux and UNIX platforms could allow a local attacker to gain elevated privileges. Parts of SysInfo require setuid-to-root access in order to access restricted system files and make restricted kernel calls. This acce

    CVE
    Multiple unspecified vulnerabilities in the CA (1) PSFormX and (2) WebScan ActiveX controls, as distributed on the CA Global Advisor web site until May , allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via unknown vectors.

    CVE
    The Linksys WRT54G router allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (device restart) via a long username and password to the FTP interface.

    CVE
    obby (aka libobby) does not verify SSL server certificates, which allows remote attackers to spoof servers via an arbitrary certificate.

    CVE
    Boa rc21 writes data to a log file without sanitizing non-printable characters, which might allow remote attackers to modify a window's title, or possibly execute arbitrary commands or overwrite files, via an HTTP request containing an escape sequence for a terminal emulator.

    CVE
    OpenStack Identity (Keystone) before allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (memory consumption and crash) via multiple long requests.

    CVE
    The management console on the Symantec Web Gateway (SWG) appliance before does not properly implement RADIUS authentication, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code by leveraging access to the login prompt.

    CVE
    MediaWiki before , x through x before , and x before does not enforce an IFRAME protection mechanism for transcluded pages, which makes it easier for remote attackers to conduct clickjacking attacks via a crafted web site.

    CVE
    Orion Application Server writes data to a log file without sanitizing non-printable characters, which might allow remote attackers to modify a window's title, or possibly execute arbitrary commands or overwrite files, via an HTTP request containing an escape sequence for a terminal emulator.

    CVE
    A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft .NET Framework processes untrusted input, aka ".NET Framework Remote Code Execution Vulnerability." This affects Microsoft .NET Framework , Microsoft .NET Framework , Microsoft .NET Framework //, Microsoft .NET Framework

    CVE
    WEBrick in Ruby through patchlevel , through patchlevel , dev, through patchlevel , and dev writes data to a log file without sanitizing non-printable characters, which might allow remote attackers to modify a window's title, or possibly execute arbitrary c

    CVE
    Yaws writes data to a log file without sanitizing non-printable characters, which might allow remote attackers to modify a window's title, or possibly execute arbitrary commands or overwrite files, via an HTTP request containing an escape sequence for a terminal emulator.

    CVE
    AOLserver writes data to a log file without sanitizing non-printable characters, which might allow remote attackers to modify a window's title, or possibly execute arbitrary commands or overwrite files, via an HTTP request containing an escape sequence for a terminal emulator.

    CVE
    Flaw in input validation in npm package utils-extend version and earlier may allow prototype pollution attack that may result in remote code execution or denial of service of applications using utils-extend.

    CVE
    thttpd b0 writes data to a log file without sanitizing non-printable characters, which might allow remote attackers to modify a window's title, or possibly execute arbitrary commands or overwrite files, via an HTTP request containing an escape sequence for a terminal emulator.

    CVE
    mini_httpd writes data to a log file without sanitizing non-printable characters, which might allow remote attackers to modify a window's title, or possibly execute arbitrary commands or overwrite files, via an HTTP request containing an escape sequence for a terminal emulator.

    CVE
    IBM WebSphere MQ before and before does not properly handle long group names, which might allow local users to gain privileges by leveraging combinations of group names with the same initial substring.

    CVE
    The (1) EC2 and (2) OS APIs in OpenStack Compute (Nova) Folsom (), Essex (), and Diablo () do not properly check the protocol when security groups are created and the network protocol is not specified entirely in lowercase, which allows remote attackers to bypass intended access re

    CVE
    Cisco IronPort Web Security Appliance up to and including does not validate the basic constraints of the certificate authority which could lead to MITM attacks

    CVE
    Google Chrome before allows remote attackers to spoof the address bar by placing a blob: substring at the beginning of the URL, followed by the original URI scheme and a long username string.

    CVE
    Progress Telerik UI for storycall.us AJAX before R2 SP2 does not properly restrict user input to RadAsyncUpload, which allows remote attackers to perform arbitrary file uploads or execute arbitrary code.

    CVE
    APT before does not properly validate inline GPG signatures, which allows man-in-the-middle attackers to install modified packages via vectors involving lack of an initial clearsigned message.

    CVE
    A denial of service vulnerability exists when Microsoft Hyper-V Network Switch on a host server fails to properly validate input from a privileged user on a guest operating system, aka "Windows Hyper-V Denial of Service Vulnerability." This affects Windows 10, Windows 10 Servers. This CVE ID is uniq

    CVE
    A denial of service vulnerability exists when Microsoft Hyper-V Network Switch on a host server fails to properly validate input from a privileged user on a guest operating system, aka "Windows Hyper-V Denial of Service Vulnerability." This affects Windows 10, Windows 10 Servers. This CVE ID is uniq

    CVE
    A denial of service vulnerability exists when Microsoft Hyper-V Network Switch on a host server fails to properly validate input from a privileged user on a guest operating system, aka "Windows Hyper-V Denial of Service Vulnerability." This affects Windows Server R2, Windows RT , Windows Ser

    CVE
    A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V on a host server fails to properly validate input from an authenticated user on a guest operating system, aka "Windows Hyper-V Remote Code Execution Vulnerability." This affects Windows Server R2, Windows RT , Windows Server 2

    CVE
    cgi-bin/setup_storycall.us on the Belkin F5D router with firmware allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (control center outage) via an HTTP request with invalid POST data and a "Connection: Keep-Alive" header.

    CVE
    The main function in tools/hv/hv_kvp_daemon.c in hypervkvpd, as distributed in the Linux kernel before , does not validate the origin of Netlink messages, which allows local users to spoof Netlink communication via a crafted connector message.

    CVE
    Unrestricted file upload vulnerability in admin/Editor/storycall.us in FlashBlog beta allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code by uploading a .php file, then accessing it via a direct request to the file in tus_imagenes/.

    CVE
    perl-MDK-Common and , through , and possibly other versions, in Mandriva Linux does not properly handle strings when writing them to configuration files, which allows attackers to gain privileges via "special characters" in unspecified vectors.

    CVE
    In ImageMagick , a memory leak vulnerability was found in the function ReadOneJNGImage in coders/png.c, which allows attackers to cause a denial of service.

    CVE
    Zoho ManageEngine Desktop Central before build allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via vectors involving the upload of help desk videos.

    CVE
    There is a Segmentation fault in the XmpParser::terminate() function in Exiv2 , related to an exit call. A Crafted input will lead to a remote denial of service attack.

    CVE
    storycall.us in the central phone server for the Snom SIP Phone allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (application crash and corruption of call logs) via a "'); (double quote, quote, close parenthesis, semicolon) sequence in the "Call a number" field.

    CVE
    There is an illegal address access in storycall.us of LibSass A crafted input will lead to a remote denial of service attack.

    CVE
    In ImageMagick , missing validation was found in coders/mat.c, leading to an assertion failure in the function DestroyImage in MagickCore/image.c, which allows attackers to cause a denial of service.

    CVE
    storycall.us in Symantec Norton Personal Firewall and does not validate certain arguments before being passed to hooked SSDT function handlers, which allows local users to cause a denial of service (crash) or possibly execute arbitrary code via crafted arguments to the (1) NtCr

    CVE
    storycall.us in Collabtive before allows remote authenticated users, and possibly unauthenticated attackers, to bypass intended access restrictions and upload and execute arbitrary files by uploading an avatar file with an accepted Content-Type such as image/jpeg, then accessing it via a dir

    CVE
    The JS-YAML module before for storycall.us parses input without properly considering the unsafe !!js/function tag, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted string that triggers an eval operation.

    CVE
    Open-Xchange GmbH OX App Suite and earlier is affected by: Content Spoofing.

    CVE
    In version of the BIG-IP system Configuration utility Network > WCCP page, the system does not sanitize all user-provided data before display.

    CVE
    The Codextrous B2J Contact (aka b2j_contact) extension before for Joomla! allows a rename attack that bypasses a "safe file extension" protection mechanism, leading to remote code execution.

    CVE
    An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Microsoft AutoUpdate (MAU) application for Mac improperly validates updates before executing them, aka "Microsoft (MAU) Office Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability." This affects Microsoft Office.

    CVE
    Improper Input Validation vulnerability in the storycall.us0 module as used in the Bitdefender Engines allows an attacker to trigger a denial of service while scanning a specially-crafted sample. This issue affects: Bitdefender Bitdefender Engines versions prior to

    CVE
    Cumin (aka MRG Management Console), as used in Red Hat Enterprise MRG , allows attackers with certain database privileges to cause a denial of service (inaccessible page) via a non-ASCII character in the name of a link.

    CVE
    Insufficient input validation in Intel(R) Driver & Support Assistant version and before may allow a privileged user to potentially enable denial of service via local access.

    CVE
    The mget function in libmagic/softmagic.c in the Fileinfo component in PHP x before allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (invalid pointer dereference and application crash) via an MP3 file that triggers incorrect MIME type detection during access to an finfo object.

    CVE
    Docker before does not properly validate image IDs, which allows remote attackers to redirect to another image through the loading of untrusted images via 'docker load'.

    CVE
    Buffer overflow in Senkas Kolibri allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a long URI in a POST request.

    CVE
    OpenConnect through mishandles negative return values from X_check_ function calls, which might assist attackers in performing man-in-the-middle attacks.

    CVE
    The Huawei Access Router (AR) before VRSPC allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (device reset) via a crafted field in a DHCP request, as demonstrated by a request from an IP phone.

    CVE
    The OpenSSLXCertificate class in org/conscrypt/storycall.us in Android before LMY48I improperly includes certain context data during serialization and deserialization, which allows attackers to execute arbitrary code via an application that sends a crafted Intent, aka interna

    CVE
    The stock Android browser address bar in all Android operating systems suffers from Address Bar Spoofing, which allows remote attackers to trick a victim by displaying a malicious page for legitimate domain names.

    CVE
    Improper Input Validation vulnerability in the Safepay browser component of Bitdefender Total Security allows an external, specially crafted web page to run remote commands inside the Safepay Utility process. This issue affects Bitdefender Total Security versions prior to

    CVE
    Insufficient session validation in system firmware for Intel(R) NUC Kit may allow a privileged user to potentially enable escalation of privilege, denial of service and/or information disclosure via local access.

    CVE
    Cisco IOS before (1)SY on ASR devices, when Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) tracking is enabled for IPv6, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (device reload) via crafted MLD packets, aka Bug ID CSCtz

    CVE
    Unspecified vulnerability in autofs, as used in Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 5, allows local users to cause a denial of service (autofs crash and delayed mounts) or prevent "mount expiration" via unspecified vectors related to "using an LDAP-based automount map."

    CVE
    The MallocLite implementation in Cisco IOS , , , , and allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (Route Processor crash) via a BGP UPDATE message with a modified local-preference (aka LOCAL_PREF) attribute length, aka Bug ID CSCtq

    CVE
    Help Viewer in Apple Mac OS X and before does not verify that HTML pathnames are located in a registered help book, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a help: URL that triggers invocation of AppleScript files.

    CVE
    Help Viewer in Apple Mac OS X and before does not verify that certain Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) are located in a registered help book, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a help: URL that triggers invocation of AppleScript files.

    CVE
    hostd-vmdb in VMware ESXi through and ESX through allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (hostd-vmdb service outage) by modifying management traffic.

    CVE
    Insufficient input validation in system firmware for Intel(R) NUC Kit may allow a privileged user to potentially enable escalation of privilege, denial of service and/or information disclosure via local access.

    CVE
    Insufficient input validation in system firmware for Intel(R) NUC Kit may allow a privileged user to potentially enable escalation of privilege, denial of service and/or information disclosure via local access.

    CVE
    The Web portal of the WiFi module of VPNCrypt M10 allows unauthenticated users to send HTTP POST request to several critical Administrative functions such as, changing credentials of the Administrator account or connect the product to a rogue access point.

    CVE
    storycall.us in the kernel-mode drivers in Microsoft Windows XP SP2, Windows Server SP2, Windows Vista SP1 and SP2, Windows Server Gold, SP2, R2, and R2 SP1, and Windows 7 Gold and SP1 on bit platforms does not properly validate pointers during the parsing of OpenType (aka OTF) fonts, whi

    CVE
    A spoofing vulnerability can occur when a page switches to fullscreen mode without user notification, allowing a fake address bar to be displayed. This allows an attacker to spoof which page is actually loaded and in use. Note: This attack only affects Firefox for Android. Other operating systems ar

    CVE
    Linux kernel , and other versions before , does not check when a user attempts to set RLIMIT_CPU to 0 until after the change is made, which allows local users to bypass intended resource limits.

    CVE
    Open Ticket Request System (OTRS) x before and x before does not properly handle the matching of Perl regular expressions against HTML e-mail messages, which allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (CPU consumption) via a large message, a different vulnerability than

    CVE
    Proxy command injection vulnerability in Trend Micro OfficeScan 11 and XG (12) allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code on vulnerable installations. The specific flaw can be exploited by parsing the T parameter within storycall.us Formerly ZDI-CAN

    CVE
    Open redirect vulnerability in the Workplace (aka WP) component in IBM FileNet P8 Application Engine (P8AE) before allows remote attackers to redirect users to arbitrary web sites and conduct phishing attacks via unspecified vectors.

    CVE
    A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Lync for Mac fails to properly sanitize specially crafted messages, aka "Lync for Mac Security Feature Bypass Vulnerability." This affects Microsoft Lync.

    CVE
    A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows does not properly handle specially crafted image files, aka "Windows Remote Code Execution Vulnerability." This affects Windows 7, Windows Server R2, Windows RT , Windows Server , Windows Server , Windows , Windows Server 2

    CVE
    A missing check in Nextcloud Server could give recipient the possibility to extend the expiration date of a share they received.

    CVE
    dbus_backend/storycall.us in the D-Bus backend in language-selector before does not validate the arguments to the (1) SetSystemDefaultLangEnv and (2) SetSystemDefaultLanguageEnv functions, which allows local users to gain privileges via shell metacharacters in a string argument, a different vulnerab

    CVE
    Acronis True Image Windows Agent and earlier, included in Acronis True Image Enterprise Server and the other True Image packages, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (crash) via a malformed packet to port , which triggers a NULL pointer dereference.

    CVE
    The MPEG-4 video codec in Apple iPhone OS through and iPhone OS for iPod touch through allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (device reset) via a crafted MPEG-4 video file that triggers an "input validation issue."

    CVE
    Due to insufficient input validation in Kyma, authenticated users can pass a Header of their choice and escalate privileges.

    CVE
    Due to improper input validation in InfraBox, logs can be modified by an authenticated user.

    CVE
    Proxy command injection vulnerability in Trend Micro OfficeScan 11 and XG (12) allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code on vulnerable installations. The specific flaw can be exploited by parsing the tr parameter within storycall.us Formerly ZDI-CAN

    CVE
    It is possible to spoof the sender's email address and display an arbitrary sender address to the email recipient. The real sender's address is not displayed if preceded by a null character in the display string. This vulnerability affects Thunderbird <

    CVE
    Flaw in input validation in npm package klona version and earlier may allow prototype pollution attack that may result in remote code execution or denial of service of applications using klona.

    CVE
    The Canon MG, MG, MG, MP, MX, MX, MX, MX, and MX printers allow remote attackers to cause a denial of service (device hang) via a crafted LAN_TXT24 parameter to English/pages_MacUS/cgi_storycall.us followed by a direct request to English/pages_MacUS/lan_set_storycall.us NO

    CVE
    Insufficient validation and sanitization of user input exists in url-parse npm package version and earlier may allow attacker to bypass security checks.

    CVE
    Lack of input validation in pdf-image npm package version <= may allow an attacker to run arbitrary code if PDF file path is constructed based on untrusted user input.

    CVE
    The wp-payeezy-pay plugin before for WordPress has local file inclusion in storycall.us, storycall.us, donate-rec, and pay-rec.

    CVE
    storycall.us in HP Intelligent Management Center (IMC) before EL02 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a (1) large or (2) invalid opcode field, related to a function pointer table.

    CVE
    Insufficient input validation in the subsystem for Intel(R) CSME before versions , , , , and ; Intel(R) TXE before versions and may allow a privileged user to potentially enable information disclosure via local access.

    CVE
    Insufficient input validation in Intel(R) DAL software for Intel(R) CSME before versions , , , , and ; Intel(R) TXE before versions and may allow a privileged user to potentially enable information disclosure via local access.

    CVE
    An issue was discovered in GitLab Community and Enterprise Edition through It has Improper Input Validation. Restricted visibility settings allow creating internal projects in private groups, leading to multiple permission issues.

    CVE
    Insufficient input validation in the subsystem for Intel(R) AMT before versions , , and may allow an unauthenticated user to potentially enable information disclosure via physical access.

    CVE
    Acronis True Image Group Server and earlier, included in Acronis True Image Enterprise Server and the other True Image packages, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (crash) via a packet with an invalid length field, which causes an out-of-bounds read.

    CVE
    The (1) ActiveMatrix Runtime and (2) ActiveMatrix Administrator components in TIBCO ActiveMatrix Service Grid before , ActiveMatrix Service Bus before , ActiveMatrix BusinessWorks Service Engine before , and ActiveMatrix Service Performance Manager before do not properly handle

    CVE
    The storycall.us service in the Remotely Anywhere Server and Workstation and earlier allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (crash) via an invalid Accept-Charset header, which triggers a NULL pointer dereference. NOTE: the service is automatically restarted.

    CVE
    Insufficient input validation in firmware update software for Intel(R) CSME before versions , and may allow an authenticated user to potentially enable escalation of privilege via local access.

    CVE
    The IMAP service (storycall.us) in MailEnable Professional Edition and Enterprise Edition and earlier allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (crash) via (1) SEARCH and (2) APPEND commands without required arguments, which triggers a NULL pointer dereference.

    CVE
    WebUI in qBittorrent before did not set the X-Frame-Options header, which could potentially lead to clickjacking.

    CVE
    Insufficient input validation in MEInfo software for Intel(R) CSME before versions , , , , and ; Intel(R) TXE before versions and may allow an authenticated user to potentially enable escalation of privilege via local access.

    CVE
    The ninja-forms plugin before for WordPress has insufficient restrictions on submission-data retrieval during Export Personal Data requests.

    CVE
    Insufficient input validation in the subsystem for Intel(R) AMT before version may allow an unauthenticated user to potentially enable escalation of privilege via network access.

    CVE
    The ninja-forms plugin before for WordPress has parameter tampering.

    CVE
    Insufficient input validation in subsystem for Intel(R) CSME before versions and may allow a privileged user to potentially enable escalation of privilege via local access.

    CVE
    bubblewrap.c in Bubblewrap before misuses temporary directories in /tmp as a mount point. In some particular configurations (related to XDG_RUNTIME_DIR), a local attacker may abuse this flaw to prevent other users from executing bubblewrap or potentially execute code.

    CVE
    The xparse_crt function in xh in PolarSSL x before and x before does not properly parse certificate messages during the SSL/TLS handshake, which allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (infinite loop and CPU consumption) via a certificate message that contains

    CVE
    storycall.us in HP Intelligent Management Center (IMC) before EL02 allows remote attackers to create or overwrite files, and subsequently execute arbitrary code, via a crafted WRQ request.

    CVE
    Certain NETGEAR devices are affected by denial of service. This affects MG before , MG before , MG-POE+ before , MG-POE+ before , MX8F before , MX12F before , MX24F before , MX befor

    CVE
    OpenStack Neutron before and x before allows remote authenticated users to cause a denial of service (crash) via a crafted dns_nameservers value in the DNS configuration.

    CVE
    An issue was discovered in Locus Energy LGate prior to H, LGate 50, LGate , LGate , LGate , and LGate Locus Energy meters use a PHP script to manage the energy meter parameters for voltage monitoring and network configuration. The PHP code does not properly validate information tha

    CVE
    The "GNUTLS_KEYLOGFILE" environment variable in gnutls allows remote attackers to overwrite and corrupt arbitrary files in the filesystem.

    CVE
    Microsoft SharePoint Spoofing Vulnerability This CVE ID is unique from CVE

    CVE
    Certain Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 4 and 5 packages for OpenSSH, as signed in August using a legitimate Red Hat GPG key, contain an externally introduced modification (Trojan Horse) that allows the package authors to have an unknown impact. NOTE: since the malicious packages were not dist

    CVE
    In isWordBreakAfter of storycall.us, there is a possible way to slow or crash a TextView due to improper input validation. This could lead to remote denial of service with no additional execution privileges needed. User interaction is not needed for exploitation. Product: Android; Versions: Andro

    CVE
    mod_cluster, as used in Red Hat JBoss Web Server , allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (Apache http server crash) via an MCMP message containing a series of = (equals) characters after a legitimate element.

    CVE
    IBM API Connect through developer portal could allow an unauthorized user to cause a denial of service via an unprotected API. IBM X-Force ID:

    CVE
    IBM Spectrum Protect Backup-Archive Client and may be vulnerable to a denial of service attack due to a timing issue between client and server TCP/IP communications. IBM X-Force ID:

    CVE
    Some ZTE products have an input verification vulnerability in the diagnostic function interface. Due to insufficient verification of some parameters input by users, an attacker with high privileges can cause process exception by repeatedly inputting illegal parameters. This affects:<ZXONE , ZXO

    CVE
    In onCreate of storycall.us, there is a possible misleading string displayed due to improper input validation. This could lead to local information disclosure with User execution privileges needed. User interaction is needed for storycall.ust: Android; Versions: Android, An

    CVE
    The dbus_signature_validate function in the D-bus library (libdbus) before allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (application abort) via a message containing a malformed signature, which triggers a failed assertion error.

    CVE
    Unspecified vulnerability in the NFS Remote Procedure Calls (RPC) zones implementation in Sun Solaris 10 and OpenSolaris before snv_88 allows local administrators of non-global zones to read and modify NFS traffic for arbitrary non-global zones, possibly leading to file modifications or a denial of

    CVE
    Multiple vulnerabilities in the web-based management interface of Cisco Intersight Virtual Appliance could allow an authenticated, remote attacker to conduct a path traversal or command injection attack on an affected system. These vulnerabilities are due to insufficient input validation. An attacke

    CVE
    Multiple vulnerabilities in the web-based management interface of Cisco Intersight Virtual Appliance could allow an authenticated, remote attacker to conduct a path traversal or command injection attack on an affected system. These vulnerabilities are due to insufficient input validation. An attacke

    CVE
    PHPOK has an arbitrary file deletion vulnerability in the delfile_f function in framework/admin/tpl_storycall.us

    CVE
    Apache Struts 2 through allows remote attackers to bypass intended access restrictions and conduct redirection attacks by leveraging a default method.

    CVE
    Apache Struts 2 through allows remote attackers to bypass intended access restrictions and conduct redirection attacks via a crafted request.

    CVE
    The REST plugin in Apache Struts 2 through allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted expression.

    CVE
    The backend/Login/load/ script in Shopware before allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code.

    CVE
    The doHotCopy subroutine in storycall.us in Zmanda Recovery Manager (ZRM) for MySQL 2.x before allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via vectors involving a crafted $MYSQL_BINPATH variable.

    CVE
    A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V on a host server fails to properly validate input from an authenticated user on a guest operating system, aka "Windows Hyper-V Remote Code Execution Vulnerability." This affects Windows 7, Windows Server R2, Windows RT , Windo

    CVE
    Insufficient session validation in system firmware for Intel(R) NUC may allow a privileged user to potentially enable escalation of privilege, denial of service and/or information disclosure via local access.

    CVE
    A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V on a host server fails to properly validate input from an authenticated user on a guest operating system, aka "Windows Hyper-V Remote Code Execution Vulnerability." This affects Windows Server , Windows 10, Windows Server , Wi

    CVE
    Cisco ONS CL, MA, , , SDH, and with software through , , x, , and allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (control-card reset) via a crafted TCP session.

    CVE
    The mkdumprd script called "dracut" in the current working directory "." allows local users to trick the administrator into executing code as root.

    CVE
    Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS), when used in conjunction with unspecified third-party upload applications, allows remote attackers to create empty files with arbitrary extensions via a filename containing an initial extension followed by a : (colon) and a safe extension, as demonstrat

    CVE
    SolarWinds TFTP Server and earlier allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (service stop) via a crafted Option Acknowledgement (OACK) request. NOTE: some of these details are obtained from third party information.

    CVE
    All versions of storycall.us 9.x and x are vulnerable and the severity is HIGH. An attacker can cause a denial of service (DoS) by causing a node process which provides an http server supporting TLS server to crash. This can be accomplished by sending duplicate/unexpected messages during the handshake

    CVE
    NetIQ Access Manager before Hot Fix 1 and before was vulnerable to clickjacking attacks due to a missing SAMEORIGIN filter in the "high encryption" setting.

    CVE
    Cisco IOS and , when NAT Skinny Call Control Protocol (SCCP) Fragmentation Support is enabled, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (device reload) via segmented SCCP messages, aka CSCsg, a different vulnerability than CVE

    CVE
    Suricata before allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (crash) via a malformed SSL record.

    CVE
    Cisco IOS and , when NAT Skinny Call Control Protocol (SCCP) Fragmentation Support is enabled, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (device reload) via segmented SCCP messages, aka Cisco Bug ID CSCsi, a different vulnerability than CVE

    CVE
    Cisco IOS , when IOS firewall Application Inspection Control (AIC) with HTTP Deep Packet Inspection is enabled, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (device reload) via a malformed HTTP transit packet.

    CVE
    NETGEAR R devices before are affected by incorrect configuration of security settings.

    CVE
    The Backup and Restore feature in Mobotap Dolphin Browser for Android suffers from an arbitrary file write vulnerability when attempting to restore browser settings from a malicious Dolphin Browser backup file. This arbitrary file write vulnerability allows an attacker to overwrite a specific

    CVE
    The IOHIDSecurePromptClient function in Apple OS X does not properly validate pointer values, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (system crash) via a crafted web site.

    CVE
    In ged, there is a possible system crash due to an improper input validation. This could lead to local denial of service with System execution privileges needed. User interaction is not needed for exploitation. Product: Android; Versions: Android, Android-9, Android, Android; Patch ID: ALP

    CVE
    Pexip Infinity before allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (service restart) or execute arbitrary code via vectors related to Conferencing Nodes.

    CVE
    Siemens SIMATIC WinCC before Update 10 and before Update 1, SIMATIC BATCH before SP1 Update 9 as distributed in SIMATIC PCS 7 through SP1, SIMATIC OpenPCS 7 before Update 3 as distributed in SIMATIC PCS 7 through SP1, SIMATIC OpenPCS 7 before Update 1 as distributed in SI

    CVE
    pmmasterd in Quest Privilege Manager before , when configured as a policy server, allows remote attackers to write to arbitrary files and consequently execute arbitrary code with root privileges via an ACT_NEWFILESENT action.

    CVE
    Postfix before , before , and before , when used with the Linux kernel, leaks epoll file descriptors during execution of "non-Postfix" commands, which allows local users to cause a denial of service (application slowdown or exit) via a crafted command, as demons

    CVE
    The Video0 driver in Huawei P8 smartphones with software GRA-UL00 before GRA-UL00C00B, GRA-UL10 before GRA-UL10C00B, GRA-TL00 before GRA-TL00C01B, GRA-CL00 before GRA-CL00C92B, and GRA-CL10 before GRA-CL10C92B and Mate S smartphones with software CRR-TL00 before CRR-TL00C01BSP01, C

    CVE
    Gajim before allows remote attackers to modify the roster and intercept messages via a crafted roster-push IQ stanza.

    CVE
    Bounds check vulnerability in User Mode Driver in Intel Graphics Driver x.4 and x.x allows unprivileged user to cause a denial of service via local access.

    CVE
    Adobe PhoneGap Push Plugin versions and earlier have an exploitable Same-Origin Method Execution vulnerability. Successful exploitation could lead to JavaScript code execution in the context of the PhoneGap app.

    CVE
    Intel NUC kits with insufficient input validation in system firmware, potentially allows a local attacker to elevate privileges to System Management Mode (SMM).

    CVE
    An issue was discovered in Mattermost Server before , , and It allows attackers to cause a denial of service (channel invisibility) via a misformatted post.

    CVE
    storycall.us in DeluxeBB allows remote attackers to register accounts without a valid email address via a valemail action with the valmem set to a pre-assigned user ID, which is visible from a memberlist action.

    CVE
    Sandstorm Cap'n Proto before allows remote crashes related to a compiler optimization. A remote attacker can trigger a segfault in a bit libcapnp application because Cap'n Proto relies on pointer arithmetic calculations that overflow. An example compiler with optimization that elides a bo

    CVE
    Huawei LogCenter VRC10 could allow an authenticated attacker to add abnormal device information to the log collection module, causing denial of service.

    CVE
    IBM Lotus Quickr server, and possibly QuickPlace 7.x, does not properly identify URIs containing cross-site scripting (XSS) attack strings, which allows remote attackers to inject arbitrary web script or HTML via a Calendar OpenDocument action to storycall.us with a Count parameter containing a Java

    CVE
    VMWare VirtualCenter client 2.x before Patch 1 (Build ) and x before Patch 1 (Build ), when server certificate verification is enabled, does not verify the server's X certificate when creating an SSL session, which allows remote malicious servers to spoof valid servers

    CVE
    Skype , and other versions before , uses a case-sensitive comparison when checking for dangerous extensions, which allows user-assisted remote attackers to bypass warning dialogs and possibly execute arbitrary code via a file: URI with a dangerous extension that uses a different ca

    CVE
    The storycall.usControl ActiveX control in storycall.us and earlier in Ultra Shareware Ultra Office Control allows remote attackers to force the download of arbitrary files onto a client system via a URL in the first argument to the Open method, in conjunction with a full destination

    CVE
    MikroTik RouterBOARD v and v allows an unauthenticated remote attacker to cause a denial of service by connecting to TCP port 53 and sending data that begins with many '\0' characters, possibly related to DNS.

    CVE
    The ION driver in Huawei P8 smartphones with software GRA-TL00 before GRA-TL00C01B, GRA-CL00 before GRA-CL00C92B, GRA-CL10 before GRA-CL10C92B, GRA-UL00 before GRA-UL00C00B, and GRA-UL10 before GRA-UL10C00B and Mate S smartphones with software CRR-TL00 before CRR-TL00C01BSP01, CRR-

    CVE
    Certain NETGEAR devices are affected by incorrect configuration of security settings. This affects D before , D before V, RLG before V, WNDRv1 before , and WNDRv3 before

    CVE
    Insufficient input validation in Intel(R) Baseboard Management Controller firmware may allow an unauthenticated user to potentially enable denial of service via network access.

    CVE
    Insufficient input validation in Intel(R) Baseboard Management Controller firmware may allow an authenticated user to potentially enable information disclosure via network access.

    CVE
    cPanel before allows demo accounts to execute code via awstats (SEC).

    CVE
    The ApiThread function in the firewall service (aka storycall.us) in Trend Micro Network Security Component (NSC) modules, as used in Trend Micro OfficeScan SP1 Patch 1 and Internet Security and , allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (service crash) via a packet w

    CVE
    cPanel before allows any user to disable Solr (SEC).

    CVE
    Insufficient input validation in Intel(R) Baseboard Management Controller firmware may allow an unauthenticated user to potentially enable denial of service via network access.

    CVE
    DocumentProvider in RESTEasy and does not configure the (1) external-general-entities or (2) external-parameter-entities features, which allows remote attackers to conduct XML external entity (XXE) attacks via unspecified vectors.

    CVE
    fetchmail and before rc4, when refusing a message delivered via the mda option, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (crash) via unknown vectors that trigger a NULL pointer dereference when calling the (1) ferror or (2) fflush functions.

    CVE
    header.c in Cherokee before writes data to a log file without sanitizing non-printable characters, which might allow remote attackers to modify a window's title, or possibly execute arbitrary commands or overwrite files, via an HTTP request containing an escape sequence for a terminal emulat

    CVE
    ** DISPUTED ** Varnish writes data to a log file without sanitizing non-printable characters, which might allow remote attackers to modify a window's title, or possibly execute arbitrary commands or overwrite files, via an HTTP request containing an escape sequence for a terminal emulator. NO

    CVE
    Opera Mini for Android allows attackers to bypass intended restrictions on .apk file download/installation via an RTLO (aka Right to Left Override) approach, as demonstrated by misinterpretation of malicious%E2%80%storycall.us as storycall.us This affects , , and 44

    CVE
    An exploitable denial of service vulnerability exists within the handling of challenge packets in FreeRDP beta1+android A specially crafted challenge packet can cause the program termination leading to a denial of service condition. An attacker can compromise the server or use man in the mi

    CVE
    IBM Security Verify Access Docker could allow an authenticated user to bypass input due to improper input validation. IBM X-Force ID:

    CVE
    An exploitable denial of service vulnerability exists within the handling of security data in FreeRDP beta1+android A specially crafted challenge packet can cause the program termination leading to a denial of service condition. An attacker can compromise the server or use man in the middle

    CVE
    An exploitable denial of service vulnerability exists within the handling of challenge packets in FreeRDP beta1+android A specially crafted challenge packet can cause the program termination leading to a denial of service condition. An attacker can compromise the server or use man in the mi

    CVE
    Certain NETGEAR devices are affected by incorrect configuration of security settings. This affects Rv2 before , R before , D before , and D before

    CVE
    Coppermine gallery before has an input validation vulnerability that allows for code execution.

    CVE
    Certain NETGEAR devices are affected by incorrect configuration of security settings. This affects Rv2 before , R before , Rv2 before , R before , R before , RP/RP before , RLG before , R before , R

    CVE
    IBM Security Access Manager Appliance could allow an authenticated user to bypass security by allowing id_token claims manipulation without verification. IBM X-Force ID:

    CVE
    The LocalFrame::isURLAllowed function in core/frame/storycall.us in Blink, as used in Google Chrome before , does not properly check for a page's maximum number of frames, which allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (invalid count value and use-after-free) or possibly ha

    CVE
    NodeJS Tough-Cookie version contains a Regular Expression Parsing vulnerability in HTTP request Cookie Header parsing that can result in Denial of Service. This attack appear to be exploitable via Custom HTTP header passed by client. This vulnerability appears to have been fixed in

    CVE
    Mojolicious before does not properly implement HMAC-MD5 checksums, which has unspecified impact and remote attack vectors.

    CVE
    storycall.us in Mojolicious before does not properly perform CGI environment detection, which has unspecified impact and remote attack vectors.

    CVE
    IBM Spectrum Protect Plus through could allow an unauthenticated attacker to cause a denial of service or hijack DNS sessions by send a specially crafted HTTP command to the remote server. IBM X-Force ID:

    CVE
    In axohelp.c before in axohelp in axodraw2 before b, as distributed in TeXLive and other collections, sprintf is mishandled.

    CVE
    The DNS::GetResult function in storycall.us in InspIRCd before allows remote DNS servers to cause a denial of service (netsplit) via an invalid character in a PTR response, as demonstrated by a "\" (whitespace) character in a hostname.

    CVE
    Multiple SSH2 servers and clients do not properly handle strings with null characters in them when the string length is specified by a length field, which could allow remote attackers to cause a denial of service or possibly execute arbitrary code due to interactions with the use of null-terminated

    CVE
    buffer.c in named in ISC BIND x before P3, when debug logging is enabled, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (REQUIRE assertion failure and daemon exit, or daemon crash) or possibly have unspecified other impact via (1) OPT data or (2) an ECS option.

    CVE
    In JFrog Artifactory before , it is not possible to restrict either system or repository imports by any admin user in the enterprise, which can lead to "undesirable results."

    CVE
    Cezerin v allows unauthorized order-information modification because certain internal attributes can be overwritten via a conflicting name when processing order requests. Hence, a malicious customer can manipulate an order (e.g., its payment status or shipping fee) by adding additional attribu

    CVE
    The External Control API in Roku and Roku TV products allow unauthorized access via a DNS Rebind attack. This can result in remote device control and privileged device and network information to be exfiltrated by an attacker.

    CVE
    The Local HTTP API in Radio Thermostat CT50 and CT80 and below products allows unauthorized access via a DNS rebinding attack. This can result in remote device temperature control, as demonstrated by a tstat t_heat request that accesses a device purchased in the Spring of , and sets a ho

    CVE
    The UPnP HTTP server on Sonos wireless speaker products allow unauthorized access via a DNS rebinding attack. This can result in remote device control and privileged device and network information to be exfiltrated by an attacker.

    CVE
    The parsejson module is vulnerable to regular expression denial of service when untrusted user input is passed into it to be parsed.

    CVE
    Certain NETGEAR devices are affected by incorrect configuration of security settings. This affects D before , D before , D before , Dv2 before , D before , D before , JNRv2 before , JR before , JWNRv5

    CVE
    A vulnerability has been identified in SIMATIC CP Advanced (All versions), SIMATIC CP Standard (All versions), SIMATIC CP Advanced (All versions), SIMATIC CP Standard (All versions), SIMATIC S Software Controller incl. F (All versions < V), SIMATIC S incl. F

    CVE
    A vulnerability has been identified in SICLOCK TC (All versions) and SICLOCK TC (All versions). An attacker with network access to the device could cause a Denial-of-Service condition by sending certain packets to the device, causing potential reboots of the device. The core functionality of t

    CVE
    Microsoft Internet Explorer 10 and 11 mishandles integrity settings and zone settings, which allows remote attackers to bypass a sandbox protection mechanism via a crafted web site, aka "Internet Explorer Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability."

    CVE
    Missing output sanitation in Swisscom Centro Grande Centro Grande before , Centro Business (ADB) before , and Centro Business before allows a remote attacker to perform DNS spoofing against the web interface via crafted hostnames in DHCP requests.

    CVE
    The ProcRenderAddGlyphs function in the Render extension (render/render.c) in storycall.us xserver and earlier allows local users to read arbitrary memory and possibly cause a denial of service (server crash) via unspecified vectors related to an "input sanitization flaw."

    CVE
    OPC Foundation Local Discovery Server (LDS) required a security update to resolve multiple vulnerabilities that allow attackers to trigger a crash by placing invalid data into the configuration file. This vulnerability requires an attacker with access to the file system where the configurat

    CVE
    The GLX extension in storycall.us xserver allows remote authenticated users to cause a denial of service (server crash) and possibly execute arbitrary code via (1) a crafted request that triggers a client swap in glx/glxcmdsswap.c; or (2) a crafted length or (3) a negative value in the screen field i

    CVE
    Multiple SSH2 servers and clients do not properly handle large packets or large fields, which may allow remote attackers to cause a denial of service or possibly execute arbitrary code via buffer overflow attacks, as demonstrated by the SSHredder SSH protocol test suite.

    CVE
    An issue was discovered in com_fields in Joomla! Core before Inadequate filtering allows users authorised to create custom fields to manipulate the filtering options and inject an unvalidated option.

    CVE
    Multiple SSH2 servers and clients do not properly handle lists with empty elements or strings, which may allow remote attackers to cause a denial of service or possibly execute arbitrary code, as demonstrated by the SSHredder SSH protocol test suite.

    CVE
    An issue was discovered in the Currency Switcher addon before for WooCommerce if a user provides a currency that was not added by the administrator. In this case, even though the currency does not exist, it will be selected, but a price amount will fall back to the default currency. This mean

    CVE
    A vulnerability in the web-based management interface of Cisco Webex Video Mesh could allow an authenticated, remote attacker to execute arbitrary commands on the affected system. The vulnerability is due to improper validation of user-supplied input by the web-based management interface of the affe

    CVE
    In all android releases (Android for MSM, Firefox OS for MSM, QRD Android) from CAF using the linux kernel, userspace can request ION cache maintenance on a secure ION buffer for which the ION_FLAG_SECURE ion flag is not set and cause the kernel to attempt to perform cache maintenance on memory whic

    CVE
    An issue was discovered on Intelbras IWR N devices. A malformed login request allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (reboot), as demonstrated by JSON misparsing of the \""} string to v1/system/login.

    CVE
    In all Qualcomm products with Android releases from CAF using the Linux kernel, an assertion was potentially reachable in a handover scenario.

    CVE
    In all Qualcomm products with Android releases from CAF using the Linux kernel, an assertion was potentially reachable in a WLAN driver ioctl.

    CVE
    Mort Bay Jetty 6.x through and writes backtrace data without sanitizing non-printable characters, which might allow remote attackers to modify a window's title, or possibly execute arbitrary commands or overwrite files, via an HTTP request containing an escape sequence for a terminal em

    CVE
    In all Qualcomm products with Android releases from CAF using the Linux kernel, the length in an HCI command is not properly checked for validity.

    CVE
    An issue was discovered in Xen through x allowing x86 guest OS users to cause a denial of service or gain privileges because grant-table transfer requests are mishandled.

    CVE
    A vulnerability in the web-based management interface of Cisco Small Business RV, RVW, RV, RVP, and RVW VPN Routers could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to execute arbitrary commands on the underlying operating system of an affected device. This vulnerability is due to insu

    CVE
    An issue was discovered in Xen through x allowing x86 PV guest OS users to cause a denial of service or gain privileges because a guest can manipulate its virtualised %cr4 in a way that is incompatible with Linux (and possibly other guest kernels).

    CVE
    An issue was discovered in Xen through x allowing x86 PV guest OS users to cause a denial of service because of an incompatibility between Process Context Identifiers (PCID) and shadow-pagetable switching.

    CVE
    A vulnerability in the Operations, Administration, Maintenance and Provisioning (OAMP) OpsConsole Server for Cisco Unified Customer Voice Portal (CVP) could allow an authenticated, remote attacker to execute Insecure Direct Object Reference actions on specific pages within the OAMP application. The

    CVE
    An issue was discovered in Xen through x allowing x86 PV guest OS users to cause a denial of service or gain privileges by leveraging incorrect use of the HVM physmap concept for PV domains.

    CVE
    An issue was discovered in Xen through x allowing x86 PV guest OS users to cause a denial of service by leveraging a long-running operation that exists to support restartability of PTE updates.

    CVE
    An issue was discovered in Xen x through x allowing x86 PV guest OS users to cause a denial of service because mishandling of failed IOMMU operations causes a bug check during the cleanup of a crashed guest.

    CVE
    An issue was discovered in Xen through x allowing x86 PV guest OS users to cause a denial of service or gain privileges because of an incompatibility between Process Context Identifiers (PCID) and TLB flushes.

    CVE
    In PHP before and 7.x before , incorrect handling of various URI components in the URL parser could be used by attackers to bypass hostname-specific URL checks, as demonstrated by storycall.us#@storycall.us and storycall.us?@storycall.us inputs to the parse_url f

    CVE
    A denial of service vulnerability exists when Microsoft Hyper-V on a host server fails to properly validate input from a privileged user on a guest operating system, aka 'Windows Hyper-V Denial of Service Vulnerability'.

    CVE
    A vulnerability in the H application level gateway (ALG) used by the Network Address Translation (NAT) feature of Cisco IOS XE Software could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to bypass the ALG. This vulnerability is due to insufficient data validation of traffic that is traversing the A

    CVE
    The multifilesystem storage backend in Radicale before allows remote attackers to read or write to arbitrary files via a crafted component name.

    CVE
    WebKit in Apple iOS before and Safari before mishandles about: URLs, which allows remote attackers to bypass the Same Origin Policy via a crafted web site.

    CVE
    Polipo , and possibly other versions, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (crash) via a request with a Cache-Control header that lacks a value for the max-age field, which triggers a segmentation fault in the httpParseHeaders function in http_parse.c, and possibly other unspeci

    CVE
    The Sandbox Profiles component in Apple iOS before , OS X before , tvOS before , and watchOS before allows attackers to access the process list via a crafted app that makes an API call.

    CVE
    CRLF injection vulnerability in storycall.us in Mono and earlier allows remote attackers to inject arbitrary HTTP headers and conduct HTTP response splitting attacks via CRLF sequences in the query string.

    CVE
    The open-in-browser command in newsbeuter before allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via shell metacharacters in a feed URL.

    CVE
    tinyexr has a segmentation fault in the wav2Decode function.

    CVE
    A flaw exists in Trading Technologies Messaging (storycall.us) due to improper validation of user-supplied data when processing a type 8 message sent to default TCP RequestPort An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this issue, via a specially crafted message, to terminate ttmd.

    CVE
    src/main-win.c in GPicView in Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment (LXDE) allows context-dependent attackers to execute arbitrary commands via shell metacharacters in a filename.

    CVE
    Insufficient validation of untrusted input in PPAPI Plugins in Google Chrome prior to for Mac allowed a remote attacker to potentially gain privilege elevation via a crafted HTML page.

    CVE
    An issue was discovered in CppCMS before There is a denial of service in the JSON parser module.

    CVE
    In IgniteNet HeliOS GLinq v r, if a user logs in and sets the &#;&#;&#;wan_type&#;&#;&#; parameter, the wan interface for the device will become unreachable, which results in a denial of service condition for devices dependent on this connection.

    CVE
    Insufficient validation of untrusted input in Skia in Google Chrome prior to for Linux allowed a remote attacker to perform an out of bounds memory read via a crafted HTML page.

    CVE
    TP-Link TL-WARE Wi-Fi Range Extender with hardware version 5 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (reboot) via data/storycall.us

    CVE
    Multiple Yokogawa products that contain Vnet/IP Open Communication Driver (CENTUM CS (R - R), CENTUM CS Entry Class(R - R), CENTUM VP(R - R), CENTUM VP Entry Class(R - R), Exaopc(R - R), PRM(R - R), ProSafe-

    CVE
    In all Qualcomm products with Android releases from CAF using the Linux kernel, an argument to a hypervisor function is not properly validated.

    CVE
    In Apache Struts through and through , using an unintentional expression in a Freemarker tag instead of string literals can lead to a RCE attack.

    CVE
    tif_getimage.c in LibTIFF and on bit platforms, as used in ImageMagick, does not properly perform vertical flips, which allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (application crash) or possibly execute arbitrary code via a crafted TIFF image, related to "downsampled OJPEG i

    CVE
    An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Microsoft SharePoint Server does not properly sanitize a specially crafted web request to an affected SharePoint server, aka 'Microsoft SharePoint Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability'. This CVE ID is unique from CVE

    CVE
    libstagefright in Android through LMY48M allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via crafted metadata in a (1) MP3 or (2) MP4 file.

    CVE
    Microsoft Office SP3, SP2, SP1, and RT SP1 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted EPS image, aka "Microsoft Office Malformed EPS File Vulnerability."

    CVE
    The monitoring probe display in spacewalk-java before and Red Hat Network (RHN) Satellite through and through , and Proxy , allows remote authenticated users with permissions to administer monitoring probes to execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors, rela

    CVE
    OpenMRS and prior copies "Referrer" header values into an html element named "redirectUrl" within many webpages (such as storycall.us). There is insufficient validation for this parameter, which allows for the possibility of cross-site scripting.

    CVE
    A denial of service vulnerability exists when Microsoft Hyper-V on a host server fails to properly validate input from a privileged user on a guest operating system, aka 'Windows Hyper-V Denial of Service Vulnerability'.

    CVE
    A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V on a host server fails to properly validate input from an authenticated user on a guest operating system, aka 'Windows Hyper-V Remote Code Execution Vulnerability'.

    CVE
    A vulnerability in the implementation of the Intermediate System&ndash;to&ndash;Intermediate System (IS&ndash;IS) routing protocol functionality in Cisco IOS XR Software could allow an authenticated, remote attacker to cause a denial of service (DoS) condition in the IS&ndash;IS process. The vulnera

    CVE
    A vulnerability in the application programming interface (API) of Cisco Smart Software Manager On-Prem could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to change user account information which can prevent users from logging in, resulting in a denial of service (DoS) condition of the web interface. Th

    CVE
    In the ADSP RPC driver in Android releases from CAF using the linux kernel (Android for MSM, Firefox OS for MSM, QRD Android) before security patch level , an arbitrary kernel write can occur.

    CVE
    A vulnerability in the implementation of the Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) on Cisco Mobility Management Entity (MME) could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to cause a denial of service (DoS) condition on an eNodeB that is connected to an affected device. The vulnerability is d

    CVE
    Cisco IOS and and IOS XE 3.x, when configured as an IPsec hub with X certificates in use, allows remote authenticated users to cause a denial of service (segmentation fault and device crash) via unspecified vectors, aka Bug ID CSCtq

    CVE
    An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows Installer when the Windows Installer fails to properly sanitize input leading to an insecure library loading behavior.A locally authenticated attacker could run arbitrary code with elevated system privileges, aka 'Windows Installer Elevat

    CVE
    The TIFFWriteDirectoryTagCheckedRational function in tif_dirwrite.c in LibTIFF allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (assertion failure and application exit) via a crafted TIFF file.

    CVE
    GNU Wget and earlier uses a server-provided filename instead of the original URL to determine the destination filename of a download, which allows remote servers to create or overwrite arbitrary files via a 3xx redirect to a URL with a .wgetrc filename followed by a 3xx redirect to a URL with a

    CVE
    lwp-download in libwww-perl before does not reject downloads to filenames that begin with a . (dot) character, which allows remote servers to create or overwrite files via (1) a 3xx redirect to a URL with a crafted filename or (2) a Content-Disposition header that suggests a crafted filename,

    CVE
    The get1 command, as used by lftpget, in LFTP before does not properly validate a server-provided filename before determining the destination filename of a download, which allows remote servers to create or overwrite arbitrary files via a Content-Disposition header that suggests a crafted file

    CVE
    RICOH Interactive Whiteboard D V to V, D V to V, D V to V, the display versions with RICOH Interactive Whiteboard Controller Type1 V to V attached (D, D, D, D, D), and the display versions with RICOH Interactive Whiteboard Controller Type2 V

    CVE
    Array index error in the RV30 codec in RealNetworks RealPlayer before allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors.

    CVE
    The HMAC authenticating the message from QSEE is vulnerable to timing side channel analysis leading to potentially forged application message in Snapdragon Auto, Snapdragon Compute, Snapdragon Connectivity, Snapdragon Consumer Electronics Connectivity, Snapdragon Consumer IOT, Snapdragon Industrial

    CVE
    feh before , when the --wget-timestamp option is enabled, might allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via shell metacharacters in a URL.

    CVE
    A vulnerability exists in kernel/time/clocksource.c in the Linux kernel before where on non-GENERIC_TIME systems (GENERIC_TIME=n), accessing /sys/devices/system/clocksource/clocksource0/current_clocksource results in an OOPS.

    CVE
    Improper input validation in SCM handler to access storage in TZ can lead to unauthorized access in Snapdragon Auto, Snapdragon Compute, Snapdragon Consumer Electronics Connectivity, Snapdragon Consumer IOT, Snapdragon Industrial IOT, Snapdragon Mobile in versions MDM, MDM, MDM, MDM,

    CVE
    libvirt through x before , when fine grained access control is enabled, allows local users to read arbitrary files via a crafted XML document containing an XML external entity declaration in conjunction with an entity reference to the (1) virDomainDefineXML, (2) virNetworkCreateXML, (

    CVE
    The Spectrum Scale through and through file system component is affected by a denial of service vulnerability in its kernel module that could allow an attacker to cause a denial of service condition on the affected system. To exploit this vulnerability, a local attac

    CVE
    Improper Input Validation in Plex Media Server on Windows allows a local, unauthenticated attacker to execute arbitrary Python code with SYSTEM privileges.

    CVE
    The Storage API module 7.x before 7.x for Drupal might allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code by leveraging failure to update .htaccess file contents after SA-CORE

    CVE
    OTCMS v allows arbitrary PHP Code Execution because admin/sysCheckFile_storycall.us blocks "into outfile" in a SELECT statement, but does not block the "into/**/outfile" manipulation. Therefore, the attacker can create a .php file.

    CVE
    A configuration issue was addressed with additional restrictions. This issue affected versions prior to macOS X El Capitan Security Update , macOS Sierra Security Update , macOS High Sierra

    CVE
    fs/cifs/cifssmb.c in the CIFS implementation in the Linux kernel before rc4 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (panic) via an SMB response packet with an invalid CountHigh value, as demonstrated by a response from an OS/2 server, related to the CIFSSMBWrite and CIFSSMBWrite2

    CVE
    Format string vulnerability in the extractPages function in utils/storycall.us in poppler before allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (crash) via format string specifiers in a destination filename.

    CVE
    ISC BIND x, x, x, and x before P2; x before P2; x before P2; and ESV before ESV-R7-P2, when DNSSEC validation is enabled, does not properly initialize the failing-query cache, which allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (assertion fail

    CVE
    The error-message functionality in Moodle x before , x before , and x before does not ensure that a continuation link refers to an http or https URL for the local Moodle instance, which might allow attackers to trick users into visiting arbitrary web sites via unspecifie

    CVE
    libpng before does not properly check the length of chunks against the user limit.

    CVE
    The SIP channel module in Yet Another Telephony Engine (Yate) before sets the caller_info_uri parameter using an incorrect variable that can be NULL, which allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (NULL dereference and application crash) via a Call-Info header without a purpose par

    CVE
    Google Chrome before does not properly consider the interaction of page navigation with the handling of touch events and gesture events, which allows remote attackers to trigger unintended UI actions via a crafted web site that conducts a "tapjacking" attack.

    CVE
    Directory Server (aka Red Hat Directory Server before ) allows remote authenticated users to cause a denial of service (crash) via multiple @ characters in a GER attribute list in a search request.

    CVE
    In all android releases (Android for MSM, Firefox OS for MSM, QRD Android) from CAF using the linux kernel, lack of check of input received from userspace before copying into buffer can lead to potential array overflow in WLAN.

    CVE
    An exploitable vulnerability exists in the torlist update functionality of Circle with Disney running firmware Specially crafted network packets can cause the product to run an attacker-supplied shell script. An attacker can intercept and alter network traffic to trigger this vulnerability.

    CVE
    CirCarLife Scada v allows unauthorized upgrades via requests to the html/storycall.us and services/system/storycall.use URIs.

    CVE
    An exploitable vulnerability exists in the servers update functionality of Circle with Disney running firmware Specially crafted network packets can cause the device to overwrite sensitive files, resulting in code execution. An attacker needs to impersonate a remote server in order to trigger

    CVE
    Denial of service in Windows NT Local Security Authority (LSA) through a malformed LSA request.

    CVE
    The HTTP server in storycall.us x before and x before allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (memory and CPU consumption) by sending a large number of pipelined requests without reading the response.

    CVE
    An attacker can conduct a denial of service in Windows NT by executing a program with a malformed file image header.

    CVE
    A malicious host header in an incoming HTTP request could cause NiFi to load resources from an external server. The fix to sanitize host headers and compare to a controlled whitelist was applied on the Apache NiFi release. Users running a prior 1.x release should upgrade to the appropriate rel

    CVE
    topydo contains a CWE Improper Input Validation vulnerability in ListFormatParser::parse, file topydo/lib/storycall.us line as of d4fdacb2f29a7c2cdc76fc that can result in Injection of arbitrary bytes to the terminal, including terminal escape code sequences. This attack a

    CVE
    android/java/src/org/chromium/chrome/browser/storycall.us in Google Chrome before on Android does not properly restrict use of a URL's fragment identifier during construction of a page-info popup, which allows remote attackers to spoof the URL bar or deliver misleading popu

    CVE
    In all Android releases from CAF using the Linux kernel, there was an issue related to RPMB processing.

    CVE
    In all Android releases from CAF using the Linux kernel, some validation of secure applications was not being performed.

    CVE
    MediaWiki x before , x before , and x before , when DjVu or PDF file upload support is enabled, allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary commands via shell metacharacters in (1) the page parameter to includes/media/storycall.us; (2) the w parameter (aka width field)

    CVE
    inversoft prime-jwt version prior to commit abb0dafadcbb5e6ba contains a CWE vulnerability in storycall.us that can result in an incorrect signature validation of a JWT token. This attack can be exploitable when an attacker crafts a JWT token with a valid header using

    CVE
    Insufficient input validation in the Marvin Minsky implementation of the Universal Turing Machine allows program users to execute arbitrary code via crafted data. For example, a tape head may have an unexpected location after the processing of input composed of As and Bs (instead of 0s and 1s).

    CVE
    klaussilveira GitList version <= contains a Passing incorrectly sanitized input to system function vulnerability in `searchTree` function that can result in Execute any code as PHP user. This attack appear to be exploitable via Send POST request using search form. This vulnerability appears to h

    CVE
    Open redirect vulnerability in the redirector feature in phpMyAdmin x before allows remote attackers to redirect users to arbitrary web sites and conduct phishing attacks via unspecified vectors.

    CVE
    An issue was discovered in Squid through and 5. When receiving a request, Squid checks its cache to see if it can serve up a response. It does this by making a MD5 hash of the absolute URL of the request. If found, it servers the request. The absolute URL can include the decoded UserInfo (userna

    CVE
    Foundation in Apple Mac OS X might allow context-dependent attackers to execute arbitrary code via a malformed selector name to the NSSelectorFromString API, which causes an "unexpected selector" to be used.

    CVE
    The get_parent_resource function in repos.c in mod_dav_svn Apache HTTPD server module in Subversion through and through , when built with assertions enabled and SVNAutoversioning is enabled, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (assertion failure and Apache p

    CVE
    lib/thin/storycall.us in Thin web server before relies on the X-Forwarded-For header to determine the IP address of the client, which allows remote attackers to spoof the IP address and hide activities via a modified X-Forwarded-For header.

    CVE
    IrfanView version (32bit) with FPX Plugin before has an Access Violation and crash in processing a FlashPix (.FPX) file.

    CVE
    Magento Commerce versions (and earlier), p1 (and earlier) and (and earlier) are affected by an improper input validation vulnerability. An unauthenticated attacker could abuse this vulnerability to cause a server-side denial-of-service using a GraphQL field.

    CVE
    A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft SharePoint when the software fails to check the source markup of an application package, aka "Microsoft SharePoint Remote Code Execution Vulnerability." This affects Microsoft SharePoint.

    CVE
    An Improper Input Validation vulnerability in J-Web of Juniper Networks Junos OS allows a locally authenticated attacker to escalate their privileges to root over the target device. junosR3-S5 junosR3-S9 junosR3-S6 junosR2-S6 junosR3-S3 junosR1-S4 junosR3-S4 junos:

    CVE
    Magento Commerce versions (and earlier), p1 (and earlier) and (and earlier) are affected by an improper input validation vulnerability in the API File Option Upload Extension. An attacker with Admin privileges can achieve unrestricted file upload which can result in remote code exe

    CVE
    Magento Commerce versions (and earlier), p1 (and earlier) and (and earlier) are affected by an improper input validation vulnerability. An attacker with admin privileges could upload a specially crafted file in the 'pub/media` directory could lead to remote code execution.

    CVE
    Magento Commerce versions (and earlier), p1 (and earlier) and (and earlier) are affected by an improper input validation vulnerability. An attacker with admin privileges can upload a specially crafted file to bypass file extension restrictions and could lead to remote code executio

    CVE
    Trusted Boot (tboot) before has a 'loader.c' Security Bypass Vulnerability

    CVE
    iSmartAlarm cube devices allow Denial of Service. Sending a SYN flood on port will freeze the "cube" and it will stop responding.

    CVE
    In iOS before , an inconsistent user interface issue was addressed through improved state management.

    CVE
    A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Skype for Business and Microsoft Lync clients fail to properly sanitize specially crafted content, aka "Remote Code Execution Vulnerability in Skype For Business and Lync." This affects Skype, Microsoft Lync.

    CVE
    Trend Micro OfficeScan Corporate Edition Patch 2 build and earlier, and Patch 3 build and earlier, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (process consumption) via (1) an HTTP request without a Content-Length header or (2) invalid characters in unspecified CGI argumen

    CVE
    An issue was discovered in certain Apple products. macOS before is affected. macOS before is affected. The issue involves the "CoreTypes" component. It allows remote attackers to trigger disk-image mounting via a crafted web site.

    CVE
    The IP-HTTPS server in Windows Server R2 and R2 SP1 and Server does not properly validate certificates, which allows remote attackers to bypass intended access restrictions via a revoked certificate, aka "Revoked Certificate Bypass Vulnerability."

    CVE
    A remote code execution vulnerability in HPE intelligent Management Center (iMC) PLAT iMC Plat EP2 and earlier was found.

    CVE
    The processor_request function in the debugger server for DataRescue IDA Pro and does not verify that authentication has taken place before invoking the perform_request function, which allows remote attackers to perform unauthorized actions.

    CVE
    webinc/bxe/scripts/storycall.us in Flux CMS and earlier allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code by overwriting a PHP file in webinc/bxe/scripts/ via a filename in the XML parameter and PHP sequences in the request body, then making a direct request for this filename.

    CVE
    The storycall.ustrl.1 ActiveX control in storycall.us in Black Ice Barcode SDK allows remote attackers to force the download and storage of arbitrary files by specifying the origin URL in the first argument to the DownloadImageFileURL method, and the local filename in the second argument.

    CVE
    A Remote Code Execution vulnerability in HPE Intelligent Management Center (iMC) PLAT version PLAT (E) was found. The problem was resolved in HPE Intelligent Management Center PLAT v (E) or any subsequent version.

    CVE
    A Remote Code Execution vulnerability in HPE Intelligent Management Center (iMC) PLAT version PLAT (E) was found. The problem was resolved in HPE Intelligent Management Center PLAT v (E) or any subsequent version.

    CVE
    lib-mail/message-header-parser.c in Dovecot x before and x before does not properly handle '\0' characters in header names, which allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (daemon crash or mailbox corruption) via a crafted e-mail message.

    CVE
    An Improper Input Validation vulnerability in the active-lease query portion in JDHCPD's DHCP Relay Agent of Juniper Networks Junos OS allows an attacker to cause a Denial of Service (DoS) by sending a crafted DHCP packet to the device thereby crashing the jdhcpd DHCP service. This is typically conf

    CVE
    QXmlSimpleReader in Qt before allows context-dependent attackers to cause a denial of service (memory consumption) via an XML Entity Expansion (XEE) attack.

    CVE
    Microsoft Excel SP3 and SP2; Excel in Office SP2; Excel Gold and SP1; Excel in Office Gold and SP1; Office , , and for Mac; Open XML File Format Converter for Mac; Excel Viewer SP2; Office Compatibility Pack for Word, Excel, and PowerPoint File Formats SP2;

    CVE
    Format string vulnerability in the log function in Georgia SoftWorks SSH2 Server (GSW_SSHD) and earlier allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via format string specifiers in the username field, as demonstrated by a certain LoginPassword message.

    CVE
    Microsoft Office SP2, and Gold and SP1, does not initialize an unspecified object pointer during the opening of Word documents, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted document, aka "Office Uninitialized Object Pointer Vulnerability."

    CVE
    Microsoft Internet Explorer 9 does not properly handle objects in memory, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code by accessing an object that was not properly initialized, aka "storycall.us Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."

    CVE
    Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 does not properly handle objects in memory, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code by accessing a deleted object, aka "OnLoad Event Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."

    CVE
    Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 through 8 does not properly handle objects in memory, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code by accessing a deleted object, aka "Option Element Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."

    CVE
    Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 through 9 does not properly handle objects in memory, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code by accessing an object that was not properly initialized, aka "OLEAutodll Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."

    CVE
    Microsoft Internet Explorer 8 does not properly allocate and access memory, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via vectors involving a "dereferenced memory address," aka "Select Element Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."

    CVE
    Unspecified vulnerability in Active Directory on Microsoft Windows and Windows Server , and Active Directory Application Mode (ADAM) on XP and Server , allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (hang and restart) via a crafted LDAP request.

    CVE
    Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 through 9 does not properly handle objects in memory, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code by accessing a deleted object, aka "Scroll Event Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."

    CVE
    Galileo Students Team Weborf before allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (crash) via a crafted Range header.

    CVE
    The Web UI interface in (1) BitTorrent before build and (2) uTorrent before beta build allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (application crash) via an HTTP request with a malformed Range header.

    CVE
    Multiple F-Secure anti-virus products for Microsoft Windows and Linux before allow remote attackers to cause a denial of service (file scanning infinite loop) via certain crafted (1) ARJ archives or (2) FSG packed files.

    CVE
    The DNS server in Microsoft Windows Server SP2, R2, and R2 SP1 does not properly handle NAPTR queries that trigger recursive processing, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted query, aka "DNS NAPTR Query Vulnerability."

    CVE
    The Ping tools web interface in Dlink Di router allows remote authenticated users to cause a denial of service via a large "ip textfield" size.

    CVE
    The telnet URI handler in Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 through 9 does not properly launch the handler application, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary programs via a crafted web site, aka "Telnet Handler Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."

    CVE
    Improper handling of extra parameters in the AccountController (User Profile edit) in Jakub Chodounsky Bonobo Git Server before allows authenticated users to gain application administrator privileges via additional form parameter submissions.

    CVE
    browser/renderer_host/database_dispatcher_storycall.us in Google Chrome before on Linux does not properly handle ViewHostMsg_DatabaseOpenFile messages in chroot-based sandboxing, which allows remote attackers to bypass intended sandbox restrictions via vectors involving fchdir and chdir calls.

    CVE
    The Unity Settings Daemon before +ubuntu2 and x before +ubuntu does not properly detect if the screen is locked, which allows physically proximate attackers to mount removable media while the screen is locked as demonstrated by inserting a USB t

    CVE
    The tokenizer in QPDF and b1 is recursive for arrays and dictionaries, which allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (stack consumption and segmentation fault) or possibly have unspecified other impact via a PDF document with a deep data structure, as demonstrated by a crash i

    CVE
    page/storycall.us in WebCore in WebKit in Google Chrome before does not properly handle a change of the focused frame during the dispatching of keydown, which allows user-assisted remote attackers to redirect keystrokes via a crafted HTML document, aka rdar problem NOTE: thi

    CVE
    Microsoft Internet Explorer does not properly handle Drag and Drop events, which allows remote user-assisted attackers to execute arbitrary code via a link to an SMB file share with a filename that contains encoded ..\ (%2e%2e%5c) sequences and whose extension contains the CLSID Key identifier f

    CVE
    Microsoft Visio SP3 and SP2 does not properly validate objects in memory during Visio file parsing, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted file, aka "Move Around the Block RCE Vulnerability."

    CVE
    Microsoft Visio SP3, SP2, and Gold and SP1 does not properly validate objects in memory during Visio file parsing, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted file, aka "pStream Release RCE Vulnerability."

    CVE
    repo/storycall.us in Gitea before and x before RC3 does not validate the storycall.usAddress before calling SaveAddress.

    CVE
    Open redirect vulnerability in dana/home/storycall.us in Juniper Networks IVE R1 (Build ) and R2 (Build ) allows remote attackers to redirect users to arbitrary web sites and conduct phishing attacks via a URL in the Location parameter.

    CVE
    The IPsec SA establishment process on Innominate mGuard devices with firmware 8.x before allows remote authenticated users to cause a denial of service (VPN service restart) by leveraging a peer relationship to send a crafted configuration with compression.

    CVE
    The PDF viewer in Google Chrome before does not properly restrict scripting messages and API exposure, which allows remote attackers to bypass the Same Origin Policy via an unintended embedder or unintended plugin loading, related to storycall.us and out_of_process_storycall.us

    CVE
    A vulnerability in the interprocess communication (IPC) channel of Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client Software could allow an authenticated, local attacker to overwrite VPN profiles on an affected device. The vulnerability is due to insufficient validation of user-supplied input. An attacker co

    CVE
    Unspecified vulnerability in the JDBC Applet Server Service (aka db2jds) in IBM DB2 UDB 8 before Fixpak 17 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (service crash) via "malicious packets."

    CVE
    A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows when the Windows Adobe Type Manager Library improperly handles a specially-crafted multi-master font - Adobe Type 1 PostScript storycall.us all systems except Windows 10, an attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could ex

    CVE
    The HTTP service on the Cisco Linksys WRH54G with firmware allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (management interface outage) or possibly execute arbitrary code via a URI that begins with a "/./" sequence, contains many instances of a "front_page" sequence, and ends with a ".

    CVE
    The Perforce service (storycall.us) in Perforce Server / and earlier allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (daemon crash) via a missing parameter to the (1) dm-FaultFile, (2) dm-LazyCheck, (3) dm-ResolvedFile, (4) dm-OpenFile, (5) crypto, and possibly unspecified other commands

    CVE
    Libksba before allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (out-of-bounds read and crash) via unspecified vectors, related to the "returned length of the object from _ksba_ber_parse_tl."

    CVE
    Aruba ClearPass prior to has a vulnerability in the API that helps to coordinate cluster actions. An authenticated user with the "mon" permission could use this vulnerability to obtain cluster credentials which could allow privilege escalation. This vulnerability is only present when authentic

    CVE
    A vulnerability in the API of Cisco Meeting Server could allow an authenticated, remote attacker to cause a denial of service (DoS) condition on an affected device. This vulnerability exists because requests that are sent to the API are not properly validated. An attacker could exploit this vulnerab

    CVE
    The Flvplayer component in TYPO3 x before allows remote attackers to embed Flash videos from external domains via unspecified vectors, aka "Cross-Site Flashing."

    Источник: [storycall.us]

    Practical Industrial Data Communications Best Practice Techniques

    PracticalIndustrialDataCommunications

    BestPracticeTechniques

    Contents i


    Other titles in the series

    Practical Cleanrooms: Technologies and Facilities (David Conway)

    PracticalData Acquisition for Instrumentation and Control Systems (John Park, Steve Mackay)

    Contents i

    PracticalDataCommunications for Instrumentation and Control (John Park, Steve Mackay,

    Edwin Wright)

    Practical Digital Signal Processing for Engineers and Technicians (Edmund Lai)

    Practical Electrical Network Automation and Communication Systems (Cobus Strauss)

    Practical Embedded Controllers (John Park)

    Practical Fiber Optics (David Bailey, Edwin Wright)

    PracticalIndustrialData Networks: Design, Installation and Troubleshooting (Steve Mackay,

    Edwin Wright, John Park, Deon Reynders)

    PracticalIndustrial Safety, Risk Assessment and Shutdown Systems for Instrumentation and Control

    (Dave Macdonald)

    Practical Modern SCADA Protocols: DNP3, and Related Systems (Gordon Clarke, Deon

    Reynders)

    Practical Radio Engineering and Telemetry for Industry (David Bailey)

    Practical SCADA for Industry (David Bailey, Edwin Wright)

    Practical TCP/IP and Ethernet Networking (Deon Reynders, Edwin Wright)

    Practical Variable Speed Drives and Power Electronics (Malcolm Barnes)

    Practical Centrifugal Pumps (Paresh Girdhar and Octo Moniz)

    Practical Electrical Equipment and Installations in Hazardous Areas (Geoffrey Bottrill and

    G. Vijayaraghavan)

    Practical E-Manufacturing and Supply Chain Management (Gerhard Greef and Ranjan Ghoshal)

    Practical Grounding, Bonding, Shielding and Surge Protection (G. Vijayaraghavan, Mark Brown and

    Malcolm Barnes)

    Practical Hazops, Trips and Alarms (David Macdonald)

    Practical Machinery Safety (David Macdonald)

    Practical Machinery Vibration Analysis and Predictive Maintenance (Cornelius Scheffer and

    Paresh Girdhar)

    Practical Power Distribution for Industry (Jan de Kock and Cobus Strauss)

    Practical Process Control for Engineers and Technicians (Wolfgang Altmann)

    Practical Power Systems Protection (Les Hewitson, Mark Brown and Ben. Ramesh)

    Practical Telecommunications and Wireless Communications (Edwin Wright and Deon Reynders)

    Practical Troubleshooting of Electrical Equipment and Control Circuits (Mark Brown, Jawahar Rawtani

    and Dinesh Patil)

    Practical Hydraulics (Ravi Doddannavar, Andries Barnard)

    Practical Batch Process Management (Mike Barker, Jawahar Rawtani)


    PracticalIndustrialData

    Communications

    BestPracticeTechniques

    Deon Reynders storycall.us, BSc (ElecEng) (Hons), MBA,

    Senior Staff Engineer, IDC Technologies, Perth, Australia

    Steve Mackay FIE (Aust), CPEng, BSc (ElecEng), BSc (Hons), MBA,

    storycall.us, Technical Director – IDC Technologies

    Edwin Wright MIPENZ, BSc (Hons), BSc (ElecEng),

    Senior Staff Engineer for IDC Technologies, Perth, Australia

    Series editor: Steve Mackay FIE (Aust), CPEng, BSc (ElecEng), BSc (Hons), MBA,

    storycall.us, Technical Director – IDC Technologies

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    Practical industrial data communications : best practice

    techniques. – (Practical professional)

    1.

    2. Computer network resources

    3. I. Title II. Mackay, S. III. Wright, E.

    4. '

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