Audio Converter Archives - Malik Softs

Music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs

music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs

ATTIYA MALIK, EXAMINING ATTORNEY SN 78-678,209. COMPUTER SOFTWARE FOR PROCESSING DIGITAL MUSIC FILES, COMPUTER SOFTWARE FOR THE COLLECTION, EDITING. Bitslice Masking and Improved Shuffling: How and When to Mix Them in Software? Melissa Azouaoui and Olivier Bronchain and Vincent Grosso and Kostas. Category: music Mixer · FL Studio 20.9.0 Crack + Key Full Torrent 2021 Download · Audials One 2021.0.196.0 Crack + Serial Key Full Version Download Latest.

Music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs - understood not

Reviews". Clash. Archived from the original on June 6, 2018. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
  • ^Smith, Courtney E. (June 4, 2018). "Kanye West Struggles On Ye, Album Review". Refinery29. Archived from the original on December 9, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  • ^Sheffield, Rob (June 5, 2018). "Review: Kanye West's 'Ye' Album, Rob Sheffield Reviews". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on March 23, 2019. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  • ^Carmichael, Rodney; Powers, Ann (June 2, 2018). "2-Sided: Trying To Hear Kanye West's New Album, 'ye,' Through All The Noise". NPR. Retrieved September 1, 2019.
  • ^Sargent, Jordan (June 5, 2018). "Kanye West 'ye' Review". Spin. Archived from the original on March 28, 2019. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  • ^Horton, Ross (June 2, 2018). "Kanye West – ye

    Cryptology ePrint Archive: Listing for 2021


    2021/1519 ( PDF )
    Practical Garbled RAM: GRAM with $O(\log^2 n)$ Overhead
    David Heath and Vladimir Kolesnikov and Rafail Ostrovsky
    2021/1518 ( PDF )
    Revisiting Mutual Information Analysis: Multidimensionality, Neural Estimation and Optimality Proofs
    Valence Cristiani and Maxime Lecomte and Philippe Maurine
    2021/1517 ( PDF )
    HOLMES: A Platform for Detecting Malicious Inputs in Secure Collaborative Computation
    Weikeng Chen and Katerina Sotiraki and Ian Chang and Murat Kantarcioglu and Raluca Ada Popa
    2021/1516 ( PDF )
    Post-Quantum Simulatable Extraction with Minimal Assumptions: Black-Box and Constant-Round
    Nai-Hui Chia and Kai-Min Chung and Xiao Liang and Takashi Yamakawa
    2021/1515 ( PDF )
    Blockchain-based Security Framework for Critical Industry 4.0 Cyber-physical System
    Ziaur Rahman and Ibrahim Khalil and Xun Yi and Mohammed Atiquzzaman
    2021/1514 ( PDF )
    Clarion: Anonymous Communication from Multiparty Shuffling Protocols
    Saba Eskandarian and Dan Boneh
    2021/1513 ( PDF )
    InterTrust: Towards an Efficient Blockchain Interoperability Architecture with Trusted Services
    Gang Wang and Mark Nixon
    2021/1512 ( PDF )
    BLOCK CIPHER DEFINED BY MATRIX PRESENTATION OF QUASIGROUPS
    Smile Markovski and Vesna Dimitrova and Zlatka Trajcheska and Marija Petkovska and Mile Kostadinoski and Damjan Buhov
    2021/1511 ( PDF )
    Compressed SIKE Round 3 on ARM Cortex-M4
    Mila Anastasova and Mojtaba Bisheh-Niasar and Reza Azarderakhsh and Mehran Mozaffari Kermani
    2021/1510 ( PDF )
    Pattern Devoid Cryptography
    Gideon Samid
    2021/1509 ( PDF )
    More Lessons: Analysis of PUF-based Authentication Protocols for IoT
    Karim Lounis and Mohammad Zulkernine
    2021/1508 ( PDF )
    High-Speed Hardware Architectures and FPGA Benchmarking of CRYSTALS-Kyber, NTRU, and Saber
    Viet Ba Dang and Kamyar Mohajerani and Kris Gaj
    2021/1507 ( PDF )
    Parallel Quantum Addition for Korean Block Cipher
    Kyungbae Jang and Gyeongju Song and Hyunjun Kim and Hyeokdong Kwon and Hyunji Kim and Hwajeong Seo
    2021/1506 ( PDF )
    z-OTS: a one-time hash-based digital signaturescheme with fast verification
    Amos Zheng and Marcos A. Simplicio Jr.
    2021/1505 ( PDF )
    EVA Improved: Compiler and Extension Library for CKKS
    Sangeeta Chowdhary and Wei Dai and Kim Laine and Olli Saarikivi
    2021/1504 ( PDF )
    CCA SecureA Posteriori Openable Encryption in the Standard Model
    Xavier Bultel
    2021/1503 ( PDF )
    Interaction-Preserving Compilers for Secure Computation
    Nico Döttling and Vipul Goyal and Giulio Malavolta and Justin Raizes
    2021/1502 ( PDF )
    Strong and Tight Security Guarantees against Integral Distinguishers
    Phil Hebborn and Baptiste Lambin and Gregor Leander and Yosuke Todo
    2021/1501 ( PDF )
    Relations between Privacy, Verifiability, Accountability and Coercion-Resistance in Voting Protocols
    Alisa Pankova and Jan Willemson
    2021/1500 ( PDF )
    Succinct Erasure Coding Proof Systems
    Nicolas Alhaddad and Sisi Duan and Mayank Varia and Haibin Zhang
    2021/1499 ( PDF )
    Improved Lattice-Based Mix-Nets for Electronic Voting
    Valeh Farzaliyev and Jan Willemson and Jaan Kristjan Kaasik
    2021/1498 ( PDF )
    Rectangular, Range, and Restricted AONTs: Three Generalizations of All-or-Nothing Transforms
    Navid Nasr Esfahani and Douglas Stinson
    2021/1497 ( PDF )
    GMMT: A Revocable Group Merkle Multi-Tree Signature Scheme
    Mahmoud Yehia and Riham AlTawy and T. Aaron Gulliver
    2021/1496 ( PDF )
    Security Analysis Of DGM and GM Group Signature Schemes Instantiated With XMSS-T
    Mahmoud Yehia and Riham AlTawy and T. Aaron Gulliver
    2021/1495 ( PDF )
    Veri fiable Obtained Random Subsets for Improving SPHINCS+
    Mahmoud Yehia and Riham AlTawy and T. Aaron Gulliver
    2021/1494 ( PDF )
    On the efficiency of a general attack against the MOBS cryptosystem
    Christopher Battarbee and Delaram Kahrobaei and Dylan Tailor and Siamak F. Shahandashti
    2021/1493 ( PDF )
    VASA: Vector AES Instructions for Security Applications
    Jean-Pierre Münch and Thomas Schneider and Hossein Yalame
    2021/1492 ( PDF )
    SoK: Password-Authenticated Key Exchange -- Theory, Practice, Standardization and Real-World Lessons
    Feng Hao and Paul C. van Oorschot
    2021/1491 ( PDF )
    The Hidden Lattice Problem
    Luca Notarnicola and Gabor Wiese
    2021/1490 ( PDF )
    Aggregate Measurement via Oblivious Shuffling
    Erik Anderson and Melissa Chase and F. Betul Durak and Esha Ghosh and Kim Laine and Chenkai Weng
    2021/1489 ( PDF )
    Estimating the Effectiveness of Lattice Attacks
    Kotaro Abe and Makoto Ikeda
    2021/1488 ( PDF )
    SuperSolver: accelerating the Delfs-Galbraith algorithm with fast subfield root detection
    Maria Corte-Real Santos and Craig Costello and Jia Shi
    2021/1487 ( PDF )
    A Cryptographic View of Deep-Attestation, or how to do Provably-Secure Layer-Linking
    Ghada Arfaoui and Pierre-Alain Fouque and Thibaut Jacques and Pascal Lafourcade and Adina Nedelcu and Cristina Onete and Léo Robert
    2021/1486 ( PDF )
    Mitaka: a simpler, parallelizable, maskable variant of Falcon
    Thomas Espitau and Pierre-Alain Fouque and François Gérard and Mélissa Rossi and Akira Takahashi and Mehdi Tibouchi and Alexandre Wallet and Yang Yu
    2021/1485 ( PDF )
    On the Timing Leakage of the Deterministic Re-encryption in HQC KEM
    Clemens Hlauschek and Norman Lahr and Robin Leander Schröder
    2021/1484 ( PDF )
    On Forging SPHINCS+-Haraka Signatures on a Fault-tolerant Quantum Computer
    Robin M. Berger and Marcel Tiepelt
    2021/1483 ( PDF )
    A Practical Forward-Secure DualRing
    Nan Li and Yingjiu Li and Atsuko Miyaji and Yangguang Tian and Tsz Hon Yuen
    2021/1482 ( PDF )
    The Optimal Error Resilience of Interactive Communication Over Binary Channels
    Meghal Gupta and Rachel Yun Zhang
    2021/1481 ( PDF )
    Interactive Error Correcting Codes Over Binary Erasure Channels Resilient to $>\frac12$ Adversarial Corruption
    Meghal Gupta and Yael Tauman Kalai and Rachel Zhang
    2021/1480 ( PDF )
    Extractors: Low Entropy Requirements Colliding With Non-Malleability
    Eldon Chung and Maciej Obremski and Divesh Aggarwal
    2021/1479 ( PDF )
    Reducing the Cost of Machine Learning Differential Attacks Using Bit Selection and aPartial ML-Distinguisher
    Amirhossein Ebrahimi and Francesco Regazzoni and Paolo Palmieri
    2021/1478 ( PDF )
    Zarcanum: A Proof-of-Stake Scheme for Confidential Transactions with Hidden Amounts
    sowle and koe
    2021/1477 ( PDF )
    Multisignature with double threshold condition in the blockchain and its application to and strong keys generating
    Ruslan Skuratovskii and Alexandr Kalenyk
    2021/1476 ( PDF )
    Multivariate public key cryptography with polynomial composition
    Emile Hautefeuille
    2021/1475 ( PDF )
    Circuit-based PSI for Covid-19 Risk Scoring
    Leonie Reichert and Marcel Pazelt and Björn Scheuermann
    2021/1474 ( PDF )
    Foundations of Transaction Fee Mechanism Design
    Hao Chung and Elaine Shi
    2021/1473 ( PDF )
    Computational self-testing for entangled magic states
    Akihiro Mizutani and Yuki Takeuchi and Ryo Hiromasa and Yusuke Aikawa and Seiichiro Tani
    2021/1472 ( PDF )
    Improving Cryptography Based On Entropoids
    Anisha Mukherjee and Saibal K. Pal
    2021/1471 ( PDF )
    Efficient Searchable Symmetric Encryption for Join Queries
    Charanjit Jutla and Sikhar Patranabis
    2021/1470 ( PDF )
    Concurrent-Secure Two-Party Computation in Two Rounds from Subexponential LWE
    Saikrishna Badrinarayanan and Rex Fernando and Amit Sahai
    2021/1469 ( PDF )
    New Indifferentiability Security Proof of MDPH Hash Function
    Chun Guo and Tetsu Iwata and Kazuhiko Minematsu
    2021/1468 ( PDF )
    LeakageVerif: Scalable and Efficient Leakage Verification in Symbolic Expressions
    Quentin L. Meunier and Etienne Pons and Karine Heydemann
    2021/1467 ( PDF )
    On the Round Complexity of Black-box Secure MPC
    Yuval Ishai and Dakshita Khurana and Amit Sahai and Akshayaram Srinivasan
    2021/1466 ( PDF )
    On semigroups of multivariate transformations constructed in terms of time dependent linguistic graphs and solutions of Post Quantum Multivariate Cryptography.
    V. Ustimenko
    2021/1465 ( PDF )
    Themis: Fast, Strong Order-Fairness in Byzantine Consensus
    Mahimna Kelkar and Soubhik Deb and Sishan Long and Ari Juels and Sreeram Kannan
    2021/1464 ( PDF )
    Polynomial-time targeted attacks on coin tossing for any number of corruptions
    Omid Etesami and Ji Gao and Saeed Mahloujifar and Mohammad Mahmoody
    2021/1463 ( PDF )
    3-Party Distributed ORAM from Oblivious Set Membership
    Brett Hemenway Falk and Daniel Noble and Rafail Ostrovsky
    2021/1462 ( PDF )
    Prime pairing in algorithms searching for smooth group order
    Pavel Atnashev and George Woltman
    2021/1461 ( PDF )
    A Unified Cryptoprocessor for Lattice-based Signature and Key-exchange
    Aikata and Ahmet Can Mert and David Jacquemin and Amitabh Das and Donald Matthews and Santosh Ghosh and Sujoy Sinha Roy
    2021/1460 ( PDF )
    Fine-Grained Cryptanalysis: Tight Conditional Bounds for Dense k-SUM and k-XOR
    Itai Dinur and Nathan Keller and Ohad Klein
    2021/1459 ( PDF )
    Privacy-preserving Identity Management System
    Jeonghyuk Lee and Jaekyung Choi and Hyunok Oh and Jihye Kim
    2021/1458 ( PDF )
    QC-MDPC codes DFR and the IND-CCA security of BIKE
    Valentin Vasseur
    2021/1457 ( PDF )
    An In-Depth Symbolic Security Analysis of the ACME Standard
    Karthikeyan Bhargavan and Abhishek Bichhawat and Quoc Huy Do and Pedram Hosseyni and Ralf Kuesters and Guido Schmitz and Tim Wuertele
    2021/1456 ( PDF )
    Server-Aided Continuous Group Key Agreement
    Joël Alwen and Dominik Hartmann and Eike Kiltz and Marta Mularczyk
    2021/1455 ( PDF )
    Dynamic Random Probing Expansion with Quasi Linear Asymptotic Complexity
    Sonia Belaïd and Matthieu Rivain and Abdul Rahman Taleb and Damien Vergnaud
    2021/1454 ( PDF )
    Russian Federal Remote E-voting Scheme of 2021 -- Protocol Description and Analysis
    Jelizaveta Vakarjuk and Nikita Snetkov and Jan Willemson
    2021/1453 ( PDF )
    A State-Separating Proof for Yao’s Garbling Scheme
    Chris Brzuska and Sabine Oechsner
    2021/1452 ( PDF )
    A Lightweight Implementation of Saber Resistant Against Side-Channel Attacks
    Abubakr Abdulgadir and Kamyar Mohajerani and Viet Ba Dang and Jens-Peter Kaps and Kris Gaj
    2021/1451 ( PDF )
    High-Performance Hardware Implementation of CRYSTALS-Dilithium
    Luke Beckwith and Duc Tri Nguyen and Kris Gaj
    2021/1450 ( PDF )
    Efficient Zero-Knowledge Argument in Discrete Logarithm Setting: Sublogarithmic Proof or Sublinear Verifier
    Hyeonbum Lee and Jae Hong Seo
    2021/1449 ( PDF )
    One-more Unforgeability of Blind ECDSA
    Xianrui Qin and Cailing Cai and Tsz Hon Yuen
    2021/1448 ( PDF )
    Secure Featurization and Applications to Secure Phishing Detection
    Akash Shah and Nishanth Chandran and Mesfin Dema and Divya Gupta and Arun Gururajan and Huan Yu
    2021/1447 ( PDF )
    Mixed Certificate Chains for the Transition to Post-Quantum Authentication in TLS 1.3
    Sebastian Paul and Yulia Kuzovkova and Norman Lahr and Ruben Niederhagen
    2021/1446 ( PDF )
    Batch point compression in the context of advanced pairing-based protocols
    Dmitrii Koshelev
    2021/1445 ( PDF )
    Sleepy Channels: Bitcoin-Compatible Bi-directional Payment Channels without Watchtowers
    Lukas Aumayr and Sri AravindaKrishnan Thyagarajan and Giulio Malavolta and Pedro Monero-Sánchez and Matteo Maffei
    2021/1444 ( PDF )
    Streamlined NTRU Prime on FPGA
    Bo-Yuan Peng and Adrian Marotzke and Ming-Han Tsai and Bo-Yin Yang and Ho-Lin Chen
    2021/1443 ( PDF )
    Platypus: A Central Bank Digital Currency with Unlinkable Transactions and Privacy Preserving Regulation
    Karl Wüst and Kari Kostiainen and Srdjan Capkun
    2021/1442 ( PDF )
    $P/poly$ Invalidity of the Agr17 Functional Encryption Scheme
    Yupu Hu and Jun Liu and Baocang Wang and Xingting Dong and Yanbin Pan
    2021/1441 ( PDF )
    Length-preserving encryption with HCTR2
    Paul Crowley and Nathan Huckleberry and Eric Biggers
    2021/1440 ( PDF )
    Improved Circuit-based PSI via Equality Preserving Compression
    Kyoohyung Han and Dukjae Moon and Yongha Son
    2021/1439 ( PDF )
    An Addendum to the ZUC-256 Stream Cipher
    ZUC Design Team
    2021/1438 ( PDF )
    Incremental Offline/Online PIR (extended version)
    Yiping Ma and Ke Zhong and Tal Rabin and Sebastian Angel
    2021/1437 ( PDF )
    ModuloNET: Neural Networks Meet Modular Arithmetic for Efficient Hardware Masking
    Anuj Dubey and Afzal Ahmad and Muhammad Adeel Pasha and Rosario Cammarota and Aydin Aysu
    2021/1436 ( PDF )
    Efficient Representation of Numerical Optimization Problems for SNARKs
    Sebastian Angel and Andrew J. Blumberg and Eleftherios Ioannidis and Jess Woods
    2021/1435 ( PDF )
    Vectorial Decoding Algorithm for Fast Correlation Attack and Its Applications to Stream Cipher Grain-128a
    ZhaoCun Zhou and DengGuo Feng and Bin Zhang
    2021/1434 ( PDF )
    The Language's Impact on the Enigma Machine
    Daniel Matyas Perendi and Prosanta Gope
    2021/1433 ( PDF )
    Oblivious Transfer from Trapdoor Permutations in Minimal Rounds
    Arka Rai Choudhuri and Michele Ciampi and Vipul Goyal and Abhishek Jain and Rafail Ostrovsky
    2021/1432 ( PDF )
    Wavelet: Code-based postquantum signatures with fast verification on microcontrollers
    Gustavo Banegas and Thomas Debris-Alazard and Milena Nedeljković and Benjamin Smith
    2021/1431 ( PDF )
    Secure and Efficient Multi-Key FHE Scheme Supporting Multi-bit Messages from LWE Preserving Non-Interactive Decryption
    Chinmoy Biswas and Ratna Dutta
    2021/1430 ( PDF )
    Improved Zero-Knowledge Argument of Encrypted Extended Permutation
    Yi Liu and Qi Wang and Siu-Ming Yiu
    2021/1429 ( PDF )
    Reviewing ISO/IEC Standard for Time-stamping Services
    Long Meng and Liqun Chen
    2021/1428 ( PDF )
    Non-randomness of S-unit lattices
    Daniel J. Bernstein and Tanja Lange
    2021/1427 ( PDF )
    Public-Key Quantum Money with a Classical Bank
    Omri Shmueli
    2021/1426 ( PDF )
    On Unpadded NTRU Quantum (In)Security
    Théodore Conrad-Frenkiel and Rémi Géraud-Stewart and David Naccache
    2021/1425 ( PDF )
    Improving First-Order Threshold Implementations of SKINNY
    Andrea Caforio and Daniel Collins and Ognjen Glamocanin and Subhadeep Banik
    2021/1424 ( PDF )
    PREs with HRA Security and Key Privacy Based on Standard LWE Assumptions
    Yang Wang and Yanmin Zhao and Mingqiang Wang
    2021/1423 ( PDF )
    Encryption to the Future: A Paradigm for Sending Secret Messages to Future (Anonymous) Committees
    Matteo Campanelli and Bernardo David and Hamidreza Khoshakhlagh and Anders Konring and Jesper Buus Nielsen
    2021/1422 ( PDF )
    Higher-Order Masked Ciphertext Comparison for Lattice-Based Cryptography
    Jan-Pieter D'Anvers and Daniel Heinz and Peter Pessl and Michiel van Beirendonck and Ingrid Verbauwhede
    2021/1421 ( PDF )
    Breaking the $IKEp182 Challenge
    Aleksei Udovenko and Giuseppe Vitto
    2021/1420 ( PDF )
    Extending the Tally-Hiding Ordinos System: Implementations for Borda, Hare-Niemeyer, Condorcet, and Instant-Runoff Voting
    Fabian Hertel and Nicolas Huber and Jonas Kittelberger and Ralf Kuesters and Julian Liedtke and Daniel Rausch
    2021/1419 ( PDF )
    With a Little Help from My Friends: Constructing Practical Anonymous Credentials
    Lucjan Hanzlik and Daniel Slamanig
    2021/1418 ( PDF )
    Autoencoder Assist: An Efficient Profiling Attack on High-dimensional Datasets
    Qi Lei and Zijia Yang and Qin Wang and Yaoling Ding and Zhe Ma and An Wang
    2021/1417 ( PDF )
    How to Handle Invalid Queries for Malicious-Private Protocols Based on Homomorphic Encryption
    Koji Nuida
    2021/1416 ( PDF )
    SME: Scalable Masking Extensions
    Ben Marshall and Dan Page
    2021/1415 ( PDF )
    A Note on the Pseudorandomness of Low-Degree Polynomials over the Integers
    Aayush Jain and Alexis Korb and Paul Lou and Amit Sahai
    2021/1414 ( PDF )
    Exploring Feature Selection Scenarios for Deep Learning-based Side-Channel Analysis
    Guilherme Perin and Lichao Wu and Stjepan Picek
    2021/1413 ( PDF )
    Three Attacks on Proof-of-Stake Ethereum
    Caspar Schwarz-Schilling and Joachim Neu and Barnabé Monnot and Aditya Asgaonkar and Ertem Nusret Tas and David Tse
    2021/1412 ( PDF )
    A Unified Framework of Homomorphic Encryption for Multiple Parties with Non-Interactive Setup
    Hyesun Kwak and Dongwon Lee and Yongsoo Song and Sameer Wagh
    2021/1411 ( PDF )
    Analysis of Client-side Security for Long-term Time-stamping Services
    Long Meng and Liqun Chen
    2021/1410 ( PDF )
    Franchised Quantum Money
    Bhaskar Roberts and Mark Zhandry
    2021/1409 ( PDF )
    Hiding in Plain Sight: Memory-tight Proofs via Randomness Programming
    Ashrujit Ghoshal and Riddhi Ghosal and Joseph Jaeger and Stefano Tessaro
    2021/1408 ( PDF )
    Focus is Key to Success: A Focal Loss Function for Deep Learning-based Side-channel Analysis
    Maikel Kerkhof and Lichao Wu and Guilherme Perin and Stjepan Picek
    2021/1407 ( PDF )
    A Concrete Treatment of Efficient Continuous Group Key Agreement via Multi-Recipient PKEs
    Keitaro Hashimoto and Shuichi Katsumata and Eamonn Postlethwaite and Thomas Prest and Bas Westerbaan
    2021/1406 ( PDF )
    Non-Slanderability of Linkable Spontaneous Anonymous Group Signature (LSAG)
    Veronika Kuchta and Joseph K. Liu
    2021/1405 ( PDF )
    Leaking Arbitrarily Many Secrets: Any-out-of-Many Proofs and Applications to RingCT Protocols
    Tianyu Zheng and Shang Gao and Bin Xiao and Yubo Song
    2021/1404 ( PDF )
    Non-interactive Distributional Indistinguishability (NIDI) and Non-Malleable Commitments
    Dakshita Khurana
    2021/1403 ( PDF )
    Efficient Adaptively-Secure Byzantine Agreement for Long Messages
    Amey Bhangale and Chen-Da Liu-Zhang and Julian Loss and Kartik Nayak
    2021/1402 ( PDF )
    Guide to Fully Homomorphic Encryption over the [Discretized] Torus
    Marc Joye
    2021/1401 ( PDF )
    HIDE & SEEK: Privacy-Preserving Rebalancing on Payment Channel Networks
    Zeta Avarikioti and Krzysztof Pietrzak and Iosif Salem and Stefan Schmid and Samarth Tiwari and Michelle Yeo
    2021/1400 ( PDF )
    Three Input Exclusive-OR Gate Support For Boyar-Peralta's Algorithm (Extended Version)
    Anubhab Baksi and Vishnu Asutosh Dasu and Banashri Karmakar and Anupam Chattopadhyay and Takanori Isobe
    2021/1399 ( PDF )
    Iterated Inhomogeneous Polynomials
    Jiaxin Guan and Mark Zhandry
    2021/1398 ( PDF )
    Universally Composable Almost-Everywhere Secure Computation
    Nishanth Chandran and Pouyan Forghani and Juan Garay and Rafail Ostrovsky and Rutvik Patel and Vassilis Zikas
    2021/1397 ( PDF )
    Practical Non-interactive Publicly Verifiable Secret Sharing with Thousands of Parties
    Craig Gentry and Shai Halevi and Vadim Lyubashevsky
    2021/1396 ( PDF )
    NTT software optimization using an extended Harvey butterfly
    Jonathan Bradbury and Nir Drucker and Marius Hillenbrand
    2021/1395 ( PDF )
    Homomorphic Secret Sharing for Multipartite and General Adversary Structures Supporting Parallel Evaluation of Low-degree Polynomials
    Reo Eriguchi and Koji Nuida
    2021/1394 ( PDF )
    Rethinking Modular Multi-Exponentiation in Real-World Applications
    Vidal Attias and Luigi Vigneri and Vassil Dimitrov
    2021/1393 ( PDF )
    Fiat–Shamir Bulletproofs are Non-Malleable (in the Algebraic Group Model)
    Chaya Ganesh and Claudio Orlandi and Mahak Pancholi and Akira Takahashi and Daniel Tschudi
    2021/1392 ( PDF )
    Differential fault attack on DEFAULT
    Chandan Dey and Sumit Kumar Pandey and Tapabrata Roy and Santanu Sarkar
    2021/1391 ( PDF )
    A note on a Claim of Eldar & Hallgren: LLL already solves it
    Léo Ducas and Wessel van Woerden
    2021/1390 ( PDF )
    UC Secure Private Branching Program and Decision Tree Evaluation
    Keyu Ji and Bingsheng Zhang and Tianpei Lu and Lichun Li and Kui Ren
    2021/1389 ( PDF )
    DPCrypto: Acceleration of Post-quantum Cryptographic Algorithms using Dot-Product Instruction on GPUs
    Wai-Kong Lee and Hwajeong Seo and Seong Oun Hwang and Angshuman Karmakar and Jose Maria Bermudo Mera and Ramachandra Achar
    2021/1388 ( PDF )
    MILES: Modeling Large S-box in MILP Based Differential Characteristic Search
    Tarun Yadav and Manoj Kumar
    2021/1387 ( PDF )
    Triplicate functions
    Lilya Budaghyan and Ivana Ivkovic and Nikolay Kaleyski
    2021/1386 ( PDF )
    Efficient Threshold-Optimal ECDSA
    Michaella Pettit
    2021/1385 ( PDF )
    BlindOR: An Efficient Lattice-Based Blind Signature Scheme from OR-Proofs
    Nabil Alkeilani Alkadri and Patrick Harasser and Christian Janson
    2021/1384 ( PDF )
    Log-S-unit lattices using Explicit Stickelberger Generators to solve Approx Ideal-SVP
    Olivier Bernard and Andrea Lesavourey and Tuong-Huy Nguyen and Adeline Roux-Langlois
    2021/1383 ( PDF )
    MHz2k: MPC from HE over $\mathbb{Z}_{2^k}$ with New Packing, Simpler Reshare, and Better ZKP
    Jung Hee Cheon and Dongwoo Kim and Keewoo Lee
    2021/1382 ( PDF )
    ZPiE: Zero-knowledge Proofs in Embedded systems
    Xavier Salleras and Vanesa Daza
    2021/1381 ( PDF )
    Multi-Authority ABE, Revisited
    Miguel Ambrona and Romain Gay
    2021/1380 ( PDF )
    Orca: Blocklisting in Sender-Anonymous Messaging
    Nirvan Tyagi and Julia Len and Ian Miers and Thomas Ristenpart
    2021/1379 ( PDF )
    Ofelimos: Combinatorial Optimization via Proof-of-Useful-Work \\ A Provably Secure Blockchain Protocol
    Matthias Fitzi and Aggelos Kiayias and Giorgos Panagiotakos and Alexander Russell
    2021/1378 ( PDF )
    Cryptanalysis of Efficient Masked Ciphers: Applications to Low Latency
    Tim Beyne and Siemen Dhooghe and Amir Moradi and Aein Rezaei Shahmirzadi
    2021/1377 ( PDF )
    Fiat-Shamir Transformation of Multi-Round Interactive Proofs
    Thomas Attema and Serge Fehr and Michael Klooß
    2021/1376 ( PDF )
    Phoenix: Secure Computation in an Unstable Network with Dropouts and Comebacks
    Ivan Damgård and Daniel Escudero and Antigoni Polychroniadou
    2021/1375 ( PDF )
    How to Prove Schnorr Assuming Schnorr: Security of Multi- and Threshold Signatures
    Elizabeth Crites and Chelsea Komlo and Mary Maller
    2021/1374 ( PDF )
    Information-Combining Differential Fault Attacks on DEFAULT
    Marcel Nageler and Christoph Dobraunig and Maria Eichlseder
    2021/1373 ( PDF )
    Highly Efficient OT-Based Multiplication Protocols
    Iftach Haitner and Nikolaos Makriyannis and Samuel Ranellucci and Eliad Tsfadia
    2021/1372 ( PDF )
    Arrows in a Quiver: A Secure Certificateless Group Key Distribution Protocol for Drones
    Eugene Frimpong and Reyhaneh Rabbaninejad and Antonis Michalas
    2021/1371 ( PDF )
    A Generic Construction of CCA-secure Attribute-based Encryption with Equality Test
    Kyoichi Asano and Keita Emura and Atsushi Takayasu and Yohei Watanabe
    2021/1370 ( PDF )
    Masquerade: Verifiable Multi-Party Aggregation with Secure Multiplicative Commitments
    Dimitris Mouris and Nektarios Georgios Tsoutsos
    2021/1369 ( PDF )
    Faster Isogenies for Quantum-Safe SIKE
    Rami Elkhatib and Brian Koziel and Reza Azarderakhsh
    2021/1368 ( PDF )
    Group Signatures and Accountable Ring Signatures from Isogeny-based Assumptions
    Kai-Min Chung and Yao-Ching Hsieh and Mi-Ying Huang and Yu-Hsuan Huang and Tanja Lange and Bo-Yin Yang
    2021/1367 ( -- withdrawn -- )
    Hybrid Steganography deployed in hospitals for compression of medical images
    Avinash Vijayarangan, K.R. Sekar, R. Srikanth
    2021/1366 ( PDF )
    Group Signatures and More from Isogenies and Lattices: Generic, Simple, and Efficient
    Ward Beullens and Samuel Dobson and Shuichi Katsumata and Yi-Fu Lai and Federico Pintore
    2021/1365 ( PDF )
    Collusion Resistant Revocable Ring Signatures and Group Signatures from Hard Homogeneous Spaces
    Yi-Fu Lai and Samuel Dobson
    2021/1364 ( PDF )
    Non-applicability of the Gaborit&Aguilar-Melchor patent to Kyber and Saber
    Vadim Lyubashevsky and Damien Stehlé
    2021/1363 ( PDF )
    On Entropy and Bit Patterns of Ring Oscillator Jitter
    Markku-Juhani O. Saarinen
    2021/1362 ( PDF )
    Practical Multiple Persistent Faults Analysis
    Hadi Soleimany and Nasour Bagheri and Hosein Hadipour and Prasanna Ravi and Shivam Bhasin and Sara Mansouri
    2021/1361 ( PDF )
    Plumo: An Ultralight Blockchain Client
    Psi Vesely and Kobi Gurkan and Michael Straka and Ariel Gabizon and Philipp Jovanovic and Georgios Konstantopoulos and Asa Oines and Marek Olszewski and and Eran Tromer
    2021/1360 ( PDF )
    Updatable Trapdoor SPHFs: Modular Construction of Updatable Zero-Knowledge Arguments and More
    Behzad Abdolmaleki and Daniel Slamanig
    2021/1359 ( PDF )
    Families of SNARK-friendly 2-chains of elliptic curves
    Youssef El Housni and Aurore Guillevic
    2021/1358 ( PDF )
    The Hardness of LWE and Ring-LWE: A Survey
    David Balbás
    2021/1357 ( PDF )
    Two-Round Concurrently Secure Two-Party Computation
    Behzad Abdolmaleki and Giulio Malavolta and Ahmadreza Rahimi
    2021/1356 ( PDF )
    Structural Mutual Information and Its Application
    Youliang Tian and Zhiying Zhang and Jinbo Xiong and Jianfeng Ma
    2021/1355 ( PDF )
    Curve448 on 32-bit ARM Cortex-M4
    Hwajeong Seo and Reza Azarderakhsh
    2021/1354 ( PDF )
    SoK: On the Security of Cryptographic Problems from Linear Algebra
    Carl Bootland and Wouter Castryck and Alan Szepieniec and Frederik Vercauteren
    2021/1353 ( PDF )
    Noise-Tolerant Quantum Tokens for MAC
    Amit Behera and Or Sattath and Uriel Shinar
    2021/1352 ( PDF )
    A Thorough Treatment of Highly-Efficient NTRU Instantiations
    Julien Duman and Kathrin Hövelmanns and Eike Kiltz and Vadim Lyubashevsky and Gregor Seiler and Dominique Unruh
    2021/1351 ( PDF )
    Faster Lattice-Based KEMs via a Generic Fujisaki-Okamoto Transform Using Prefix Hashing
    Julien Duman and Eike Kiltz and Kathrin Hövelmanns and Vadim Lyubashevsky and Gregor Seiler
    2021/1350 ( PDF )
    Generalized Proof of Liabilities
    Yan Ji and Konstantinos Chalkias
    2021/1349 ( PDF )
    Updatable Private Set Intersection
    Saikrishna Badrinarayanan and Peihan Miao and Tiancheng Xie
    2021/1348 ( PDF )
    Beyond quadratic speedups in quantum attacks on symmetric schemes
    Xavier Bonnetain and André Schrottenloher and Ferdinand Sibleyras
    2021/1347 ( PDF )
    TOTA: Fully Homomorphic Encryption with Smaller Parameters and Stronger Security
    Zhaomin Yang and Xiang Xie and Huajie Shen and Shiying Chen and Jun Zhou
    2021/1346 ( PDF )
    WeStat: a Privacy-Preserving Mobile Data Usage Statistics System
    Sébastien Canard and Nicolas Desmoulins and Sébastien Hallay and Adel Hamdi and Dominique Le Hello
    2021/1345 ( PDF )
    New Attacks on LowMC instances with a Single Plaintext/Ciphertext pair
    Subhadeep Banik and Khashayar Barooti and Serge Vaudenay and Hailun Yan
    2021/1344 ( PDF )
    Racing BIKE: Improved Polynomial Multiplication and Inversion in Hardware
    Jan Richter-Brockmann and Ming-Shing Chen and Santosh Ghosh and Tim Güneysu
    2021/1343 ( PDF )
    A Non-heuristic Approach to Time-space Tradeoffs and Optimizations for BKW
    Hanlin Liu and Yu Yu
    2021/1342 ( PDF )
    Efficient Functional Commitments: How to Commit to Private Functions
    Dan Boneh and Wilson Nguyen and Alex Ozdemir
    2021/1341 ( PDF )
    Anonymous Whistleblowing over Authenticated Channels
    Thomas Agrikola and Geoffroy Couteau and Sven Maier
    2021/1340 ( PDF )
    TEDT2 - Highly Secure Leakage-resilient TBC-based Authenticated Encryption
    Eik List
    2021/1339 ( PDF )
    Safe-Error Analysis of Post-Quantum Cryptography Mechanisms
    Luk Bettale and Simon Montoya and Guénaël Renault
    2021/1338 ( PDF )
    Embedded Multilayer Equations: a New Hard Problem for Constructing Post-Quantum Signatures Smaller than RSA (without Hardness Assumption)
    Dongxi Liu
    2021/1337 ( PDF )
    Large-Precision Homomorphic Sign Evaluation using FHEW/TFHE Bootstrapping
    Zeyu Liu and Daniele Micciancio and Yuriy Polyakov
    2021/1336 ( PDF )
    Improved Computational Extractors and their Applications
    Dakshita Khurana and Akshayaram Srinivasan
    2021/1335 ( PDF )
    Integer Functions Suitable for Homomorphic Encryption over Finite Fields
    Ilia Iliashenko and Christophe Nègre and Vincent Zucca
    2021/1334 ( PDF )
    Indistinguishability Obfuscation from LPN over F_p, DLIN, and PRGs in NC^0
    Aayush Jain and Huijia Lin and Amit Sahai
    2021/1333 ( PDF )
    Paradoxical Compression with Verifiable Delay Functions
    Thomas Pornin
    2021/1332 ( PDF )
    On the Lattice Isomorphism Problem, Quadratic Forms, Remarkable Lattices, and Cryptography
    Léo Ducas and Wessel van Woerden
    2021/1331 ( PDF )
    Communicating Through Subliminal-Free Signatures
    George Teseleanu
    2021/1330 ( PDF )
    On the security of ECDSA with additive key derivation and presignatures
    Jens Groth and Victor Shoup
    2021/1329 ( PDF )
    Trail Search with CRHS Equations
    John Petter Indrøy and Håvard Raddum
    2021/1328 ( PDF )
    Cross-Subkey Deep-Learning Side-Channel Analysis
    Fanliang Hu and Huanyu Wang and Junnian Wang
    2021/1327 ( PDF )
    Secure Multiparty Computation in the Bounded Storage Model
    Jiahui Liu and Satyanarayana Vusirikala
    2021/1326 ( PDF )
    FuzzyKey: Comparing Fuzzy Cryptographic Primitives on Resource-Constrained Devices
    Mo Zhang and Eduard Marin and David Oswald and Dave Singelee
    2021/1325 ( PDF )
    Decentralized Multi-Authority ABE for NC^1 from Computational-BDH
    Pratish Datta and Ilan Komargodski and Brent Waters
    2021/1324 ( PDF )
    Lockable Obfuscation from Circularly Insecure Fully Homomorphic Encryption
    Kamil Kluczniak
    2021/1323 ( PDF )
    Anonymity of NIST PQC Round-3 KEMs
    Keita Xagawa
    2021/1322 ( PDF )
    A New Adaptive Attack on SIDH
    Tako Boris Fouotsa and Christophe Petit
    2021/1321 ( PDF )
    Blockchain-based Privacy-preserving Fair Data Trading Protocol
    Yao Jiang Galteland and Shuang Wu
    2021/1320 ( PDF )
    Faster Key Generation of Supersingular Isogeny Diffie-Hellman
    Kaizhan Lin and Fangguo Zhang and Chang-An Zhao
    2021/1319 ( PDF )
    Maliciously-Secure MrNISC in the Plain Model
    Rex Fernando and Aayush Jain and Ilan Komargodski
    2021/1318 ( PDF )
    A Supersingular Isogeny-Based Ring Signature
    Maryam Sheikhi Garjan and N. Gamze Orhon Kılıç and Murat Cenk
    2021/1317 ( PDF )
    m-Stability: Threshold Security Meets Transferable Utility
    Osman Biçer and Burcu Yıldız and Alptekin Küpçü
    2021/1316 ( PDF )
    Towards Human Dependency Elimination: AI Approach to SCA Robustness Assessment
    Unai Rioja and Lejla Batina and Igor Armendariz and Jose Luis Flores
    2021/1315 ( PDF )
    Certified Everlasting Zero-Knowledge Proof for QMA
    Taiga Hiroka and Tomoyuki Morimae and Ryo Nishimaki and Takashi Yamakawa
    2021/1314 ( PDF )
    High-order Table-based Conversion Algorithms and Masking Lattice-based Encryption
    Jean-Sébastien Coron and François Gérard and Simon Montoya and Rina Zeitoun
    2021/1313 ( PDF )
    Hybrid Memristor-CMOS Obfuscation Against Untrusted Foundries
    Amin Rezaei and Jie Gu and Hai Zhou
    2021/1312 ( PDF )
    Selectively Linkable Group Signatures - Stronger Security and Preserved Verifiability
    Ashley Fraser and Lydia Garms and Anja Lehmann
    2021/1311 ( PDF )
    Power analysis attack on Kyber
    Alexandre Karlov and Natacha Linard de Guertechin
    2021/1310 ( PDF )
    Related-Tweak Impossible Differential Cryptanalysis of Reduced-Round TweAES
    Chao Niu and Muzhou Li and Meiqin Wang and Qingju Wang and Siu-Ming Yiu
    2021/1309 ( PDF )
    Faster Final Exponentiation on the KSS18 Curve
    Shiping Cai and Zhi Hu and Chang-An Zhao
    2021/1308 ( PDF )
    No-Commit Proofs: Defeating Livelock in BFT
    Neil Giridharan and Heidi Howard and Ittai Abraham and Natacha Crooks and Alin Tomescu
    2021/1307 ( PDF )
    In-depth Analysis of Side-Channel Countermeasures for CRYSTALS-Kyber Message Encoding on ARM Cortex-M4
    Hauke Malte Steffen and Lucie Johanna Kogelheide and Timo Bartkewitz
    2021/1306 ( PDF )
    Probabilistic micropayments with transferability
    Taisei Takahashi and Akira Otsuka
    2021/1305 ( PDF )
    (Compact) Adaptively Secure FE for Attribute-Weighted Sums from k-Lin
    Pratish Datta and Tapas Pal
    2021/1304 ( PDF )
    An Open Problem on the Bentness of Mesnager’s Functions
    Chunming Tang and Peng Han and Qi Wang and Jun Zhang and Yanfeng Qi
    2021/1303 ( PDF )
    Black-Box Accumulation Based on Lattices
    Sebastian H. Faller and Pascal Baumer and Michael Klooß and Alexander Koch and Astrid Ottenhues and Markus Raiber
    2021/1302 ( PDF )
    Using Blockchain to Achieve Decentralized Privacy In IoT Healthcare
    Sajad Meisami and Mohammad Beheshti-Atashgah and Mohammad Reza Aref
    2021/1301 ( PDF )
    An Isogeny-Based ID Protocol Using Structured Public Keys
    Karim Baghery and Daniele Cozzo and Robi Pedersen
    2021/1300 ( PDF )
    Report and Trace Ring Signatures
    Ashley Fraser and Elizabeth A. Quaglia
    2021/1299 ( PDF )
    Towards Quantum Large-Scale Password Guessing on Real-World Distributions
    Markus Dürmuth and Maximilian Golla and Philipp Markert and Alexander May and Lars Schlieper
    2021/1298 ( PDF )
    Post-Quantum Authentication with Lightweight Cryptographic Primitives
    Henrique Faria and José Manuel Valença
    2021/1297 ( PDF )
    Listen to Your Heart: Evaluation of the Cardiologic Ecosystem
    Endres Puschner and Christoph Saatjohann and Markus Willing and Christian Dresen and Julia Köbe and Benjamin Rath and Christof Paar and Lars Eckardt and Uwe Haverkamp and Sebastian Schinzel
    2021/1296 ( PDF )
    Partitioning Oracles from Weak Key Forgeries
    Marcel Armour and Carlos Cid
    2021/1295 ( PDF )
    Improved Quantum Hypercone Locality Sensitive Filtering in Lattice Sieving
    Max Heiser
    2021/1294 ( PDF )
    Quantum Money from Quaternion Algebras
    Daniel M. Kane and Shahed Sharif and Alice Silverberg
    2021/1293 ( PDF )
    A Practical Verifiable Delay Function and Delay Encryption Scheme
    Angelique Faye Loe and Liam Medley and Christian O’Connell and Elizabeth A. Quaglia
    2021/1292 ( PDF )
    Fast Extended GCD Calculation for Large Integers for Verifiable Delay Functions
    Kavya Sreedhar and Mark Horowitz and Christopher Torng
    2021/1291 ( PDF )
    MyOPE: Malicious securitY for Oblivious Polynomial Evaluation
    Malika Izabachène and Anca Nitulescu and Paola de Perthuis and David Pointcheval
    2021/1290 ( PDF )
    Large-Scale Non-Interactive Threshold Cryptosystems Through Anonymity
    Andreas Erwig and Sebastian Faust and Siavash Riahi
    2021/1289 ( PDF )
    Verifiable Isogeny Walks: Towards an Isogeny-based Postquantum VDF
    Jorge Chavez-Saab and Francisco Rodríguez Henríquez and Mehdi Tibouchi
    2021/1288 ( PDF )
    FO-like Combiners and Hybrid Post-Quantum Cryptography
    Loïs Huguenin-Dumittan and Serge Vaudenay
    2021/1287 ( PDF )
    The Exact Security of BIP32 Wallets
    Poulami Das and Andreas Erwig and Sebastian Faust and Julian Loss and Siavash Riahi
    2021/1286 ( PDF )
    Post-quantum Efficient Proof for Graph 3-Coloring Problem
    Ehsan Ebrahimi
    2021/1285 ( PDF )
    Convexity of division property transitions: theory, algorithms and compact models
    Aleksei Udovenko
    2021/1284 ( PDF )
    APAS: Application-Specific Accelerators for RLWE-based Homomorphic Linear Transformations
    Song Bian and Dur E Shahwar Kundi and Kazuma Hirozawa and Weiqiang Liu and Takashi Sato
    2021/1283 ( PDF )
    Parallel Verification of Serial MAC and AE Modes
    Kazuhiko Minematsu and Akiko Inoue and Katsuya Moriwaki and Maki Shigeri and Hiroyasu Kubo
    2021/1282 ( PDF )
    On the Claims of Weak Block Synchronization in Bitcoin
    Seungjin Baek and Hocheol Nam and Yongwoo Oh and Muoi Tran and Min Suk Kang
    2021/1281 ( PDF )
    Leveled Fully Homomorphic Encryption Schemes with Hensel Codes
    David W. H. A. da Silva and Luke Harmon and Gaetan Delavignette and Carlos Araujo
    2021/1280 ( PDF )
    Snoopy: Surpassing the Scalability Bottleneck of Oblivious Storage
    Emma Dauterman and Vivian Fang and Ioannis Demertzis and Natacha Crooks and Raluca Ada Popa
    2021/1279 ( PDF )
    Quantum Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange
    Dirk Fischer
    2021/1278 ( PDF )
    A survey of algorithmic methods in IC reverse engineering
    Leonid Azriel and Julian Speith and Nils Albartus and Ran Ginosara and Avi Mendelson and Christof Paar
    2021/1277 ( PDF )
    LifeLine for FPGA Protection: Obfuscated Cryptography for Real-World Security
    Florian Stolz and Nils Albartus and Julian Speith and Simon Klix and Clemens Nasenberg and Aiden Gula and Marc Fyrbiak and Christof Paar and Tim Güneysu and Russell Tessier
    2021/1276 ( PDF )
    On the Security and Performance of Blockchain Sharding
    Runchao Han and Jiangshan Yu and Haoyu Lin and Shiping Chen and Paulo Esteves-Veríssimo
    2021/1275 ( PDF )
    Counterexample to OWF Self-XOR Being a DOWF
    Nathan Geier
    2021/1274 ( PDF )
    Tight Computational Indistinguishability Bound of Product Distributions
    Nathan Geier
    2021/1273 ( PDF )
    OpenSquare: Decentralized Repeated Modular Squaring Service
    Sri AravindaKrishnan Thyagarajan and Tiantian Gong and Adithya Bhat and Aniket Kate and Dominique Schröder
    2021/1272 ( PDF )
    Efficient CCA Timed Commitments in Class Groups
    Sri AravindaKrishnan Thyagarajan and Guilhem Castagnos and Fabien Laguillaumie and Giulio Malavolta
    2021/1271 ( PDF )
    Computing the Jacobi symbol using Bernstein-Yang
    Mike Hamburg
    2021/1270 ( PDF )
    Speak Much, Remember Little: Cryptography in the Bounded Storage Model, Revisited
    Yevgeniy Dodis and Willy Quach and Daniel Wichs
    2021/1269 ( PDF )
    Practical Continuously Non-Malleable Randomness Encoders in the Random Oracle Model
    Antonio Faonio
    2021/1268 ( PDF )
    Simulation-Based Bi-Selective Opening Security for Public Key Encryption
    Junzuo Lai and Rupeng Yang and Zhengan Huang and Jian Weng
    2021/1267 ( PDF )
    Tight Quantum Indifferentiability of a Rate-1/3 Compression Function
    Jan Czajkowski
    2021/1266 ( PDF )
    Update-Sensitive Structured Encryption with Backward Privacy
    Zhiqiang Wu and Jin Wang and Keqin Li
    2021/1265 ( PDF )
    Special Soundness in the Random Oracle Model
    Douglas Wikström
    2021/1264 ( PDF )
    Verifiably-Extractable OWFs and Their Applications to Subversion Zero-Knowledge
    Prastudy Fauzi and Helger Lipmaa and Janno Siim and Michal Zajac and Arne Tobias Ødegaard
    2021/1263 ( PDF )
    Transparency Dictionaries with Succinct Proofs of Correct Operation
    Ioanna Tzialla and Abhiram Kothapalli and Bryan Parno and Srinath Setty
    2021/1262 ( PDF )
    Reverse Firewalls for Adaptively Secure MPC without Setup
    Suvradip Chakraborty and Chaya Ganesh and Mahak Pancholi and Pratik Sarkar
    2021/1261 ( PDF )
    Identity-Based Encryption for Fair Anonymity Applications: Defining, Implementing, and Applying Rerandomizable RCCA-secure IBE
    Yi Wang and Rongmao Chen and Xinyi Huang and Jianting Ning and Baosheng Wang and Moti Yung
    2021/1260 ( PDF )
    Compare Before You Buy: Privacy-Preserving Selection of Threat Intelligence Providers
    Jelle Vos and Zekeriya Erkin and Christian Doerr
    2021/1259 ( PDF )
    Parallel Repetition of $(k_1,\dots,k_{\mu})$-Special-Sound Multi-Round Interactive Proofs
    Thomas Attema and Serge Fehr
    2021/1258 ( PDF )
    Bit Security as Computational Cost for Winning Games with High Probability
    Shun Watanabe and Kenji Yasunaga
    2021/1257 ( PDF )
    Spreading the Privacy Blanket: Differentially Oblivious Shuffling for Differential Privacy
    S. Dov Gordon and Jonathan Katz and Mingyu Liang and Jiayu Xu
    2021/1256 ( PDF )
    Oblivious Message Retrieval
    Zeyu Liu and Eran Tromer
    2021/1255 ( PDF )
    How to Find Ternary LWE Keys Using Locality Sensitive Hashing
    Elena Kirshanova and Alexander May
    2021/1254 ( PDF )
    Vector and Functional Commitments from Lattices
    Chris Peikert and Zachary Pepin and Chad Sharp
    2021/1253 ( PDF )
    EasyPQC: Verifying Post-Quantum Cryptography
    Manuel Barbosa and Gilles Barthe and Xiong Fan and Benjamin Grégoire and Shih-Han Hung and Jonathan Katz and Pierre-Yves Strub and Xiaodi Wu and Li Zhou
    2021/1252 ( PDF )
    Complete Practical Side-Channel-Assisted Reverse Engineering of AES-Like Ciphers
    Andrea Caforio and Fatih Balli and Subhadeep Banik
    2021/1251 ( PDF )
    Efficient NIZKs for Algebraic Sets
    Geoffroy Couteau and Helger Lipmaa and Roberto Parisella and Arne Tobias Ødegaard
    2021/1250 ( PDF )
    Efficient Leakage-Resilient MACs without Idealized Assumptions
    Francesco Berti and Chun Guo and Thomas Peters and François-Xavier Standaert
    2021/1249 ( PDF )
    Flexible Anonymous Transactions (FLAX): Towards Privacy-Preserving and Composable Decentralized Finance
    Wei Dai
    2021/1248 ( PDF )
    The Adversary Capabilities In Practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance
    Yongge Wang
    2021/1247 ( PDF )
    A Geometric Approach to Linear Cryptanalysis
    Tim Beyne
    2021/1246 ( PDF )
    Astrolabous: A Universally Composable Time-Lock Encryption Scheme
    Myrto Arapinis and Nikolaos Lamprou and Thomas Zacharias
    2021/1245 ( PDF )
    SeqL+: Secure Scan-Obfuscation with Theoretical and Empirical Validation
    Seetal Potluri and Shamik Kundu and Akash Kumar and Kanad Basu and Aydin Aysu
    2021/1244 ( PDF )
    IvyCross: A Trustworthy and Privacy-preserving Framework for Blockchain Interoperability
    Ming Li, Jian Weng∗, Member, IEEE, Yi Li, Yongdong Wu, Jiasi Weng, Dingcheng Li, Robert Deng, Fellow, IEEE
    2021/1243 ( PDF )
    Syndrome Decoding Estimator
    Andre Esser and Emanuele Bellini
    2021/1242 ( PDF )
    Non-Interactive Differentially Anonymous Router
    Benedikt Bünz and Yuncong Hu and Shin’ichiro Matsuo and Elaine Shi
    2021/1241 ( PDF )
    Shuffling Public Keys (A Peer-to-peer Voting Algorithm)
    Santi J. Vives
    2021/1240 ( PDF )
    Count Me In! Extendability for Threshold Ring Signatures
    Diego F. Aranha and Mathias Hall-Andersen and Anca Nitulescu and Elena Pagnin and Sophia Yakoubov
    2021/1239 ( PDF )
    Quantum Linearization Attacks
    Xavier Bonnetain and Gaëtan Leurent and María Naya-Plasencia and André Schrottenloher
    2021/1238 ( PDF )
    Generic Framework for Key-Guessing Improvements
    Marek Broll and Federico Canale and Antonio Flórez-Gutiérrez and Gregor Leander and María Naya-Plasencia
    2021/1237 ( PDF )
    Hierarchical Integrated Signature and Encryption
    Yu Chen and Qiang Tang and Yuyu Wang
    2021/1236 ( PDF )
    Architecture Support for Bitslicing
    Pantea Kiaei with Tom Conroy with Patrick Schaumont
    2021/1235 ( PDF )
    Saidoyoki: Evaluating side-channel leakage in pre- and post-silicon setting
    Pantea Kiaei with Zhenyuan Liu with Ramazan Kaan Eren with Yuan Yao with Patrick Schaumont
    2021/1234 ( PDF )
    Policy-Compliant Signatures
    Christian Badertscher and Christian Matt and Hendrik Waldner
    2021/1233 ( PDF )
    Blockchains Enable Non-Interactive MPC
    Vipul Goyal and Elisaweta Masserova and Bryan Parno and Yifan Song
    2021/1232 ( PDF )
    Gröbner Basis Attack on STARK-Friendly Symmetric-Key Primitives: JARVIS, MiMC and GMiMCerf
    Gizem Kara and Oğuz Yayla
    2021/1231 ( PDF )
    Estimating (Miner) Extractable Value is Hard, Let’s Go Shopping!
    Aljosha Judmayer and Nicholas Stifter and Philipp Schindler and Edgar Weippl
    2021/1230 ( PDF )
    Two-Round Maliciously Secure Computation with Super-Polynomial Simulation
    Amit Agarwal and James Bartusek and Vipul Goyal and Dakshita Khurana and Giulio Malavolta
    2021/1229 ( PDF )
    Direct Product Hardness Amplification
    David Lanzenberger and Ueli Maurer
    2021/1228 ( PDF )
    Computational Robust (Fuzzy) Extractors for CRS-dependent Sources with Minimal Min-entropy
    Hanwen Feng and Qiang Tang
    2021/1227 ( PDF )
    Efficient Boolean Search over Encrypted Data with Reduced Leakage
    Sarvar Patel and Giuseppe Persiano and Joon Young Seo and Kevin Yeo
    2021/1226 ( PDF )
    Succinct LWE Sampling, Random Polynomials, and Obfuscation
    Lalita Devadas and Willy Quach and Vinod Vaikuntanathan and Hoeteck Wee and Daniel Wichs
    2021/1225 ( PDF )
    Massive Superpoly Recovery with Nested Monomial Predictions
    Kai Hu and Siwei Sun and Yosuke Todo and Meiqin Wang and Qingju Wang
    2021/1224 ( PDF )
    Trojan-Resilience without Cryptography
    Suvradip Chakraborty and Stefan Dziembowski and Malgorzata Galazka and Tomasz Lizurej and Krzysztof Pietrzak and Michelle Yeo
    2021/1223 ( PDF )
    Generalized Pseudorandom Secret Sharing and Efficient Straggler-Resilient Secure Computation
    Fabrice Benhamouda and Elette Boyle and Niv Gilboa and Shai Halevi and Yuval Ishai and Ariel Nof
    2021/1222 ( PDF )
    Fault-enabled chosen-ciphertext attacks on Kyber
    Julius Hermelink and Peter Pessl and Thomas Pöppelmann
    2021/1221 ( PDF )
    Simple, Fast Malicious Multiparty Private Set Intersection
    Ofri Nevo and Ni Trieu and Avishay Yanai
    2021/1220 ( PDF )
    Digital Signatures with Memory-Tight Security in the Multi-Challenge Setting
    Denis Diemert and Kai Gellert and Tibor Jager and Lin Lyu
    2021/1219 ( PDF )
    Towards Tight Adaptive Security of Non-Interactive Key Exchange
    Julia Hesse and Dennis Hofheinz and Lisa Kohl and Roman Langrehr
    2021/1218 ( PDF )
    Algebraic Adversaries in the Universal Composability Framework
    Michel Abdalla and Manuel Barbosa and Jonathan Katz and Julian Loss and Jiayu Xu
    2021/1217 ( PDF )
    EMFI for Safety-Critical Testing of Automotive Systems
    Colin O'Flynn
    2021/1216 ( PDF )
    Toward Optimal Deep-Learning Based Side-Channel Attacks: Probability Concentration Inequality Loss and Its Usage
    Akira Ito and Rei Ueno and Naofumi Homma
    2021/1215 ( PDF )
    Optimization of Homomorphic Comparison Algorithm on RNS-CKKS Scheme
    Eunsang Lee and Joon-Woo Lee and Young-Sik Kim and Jong-Seon No
    2021/1214 ( PDF )
    Black-Box Impossibilities of Obtaining 2-Round Weak ZK and Strong WI from Polynomial Hardness
    Susumu Kiyoshima
    2021/1213 ( PDF )
    DualRing: Generic Construction of Ring Signatures with Efficient Instantiations
    Tsz Hon Yuen and Muhammed F. Esgin and Joseph K. Liu and Man Ho Au and Zhimin Ding
    2021/1212 ( PDF )
    SPEEDY on Cortex--M3: Efficient Software Implementation of SPEEDY on ARM Cortex--M3
    Hyunjun Kim and Kyungbae Jang and Gyeongju Song and Minjoo Sim and Siwoo Eum and Hyunji Kim and Hyeokdong Kwon and Wai-Kong Lee and Hwajeong Seo
    2021/1211 ( PDF )
    Grover on SPEEDY
    Gyeongju Song and Kyungbae Jang and Hyunjun Kim and Siwoo Eum and Minjoo Sim and Hyunji Kim and Wai-Kong Lee and Hwajeong Seo
    2021/1210 ( PDF )
    LedMAC: More Efficient Variants of LightMAC
    Yaobin Shen; Lei Wang; Dawu Gu
    2021/1209 ( PDF )
    Simple and Efficient Batch Verification Techniques for Verifiable Delay Functions
    Lior Rotem
    2021/1208 ( PDF )
    On Actively-Secure Elementary MPC Reductions
    Benny Applebaum and Aarushi Goel
    2021/1207 ( PDF )
    Non-Malleable Vector Commitments via Local Equivocability
    Lior Rotem and Gil Segev
    2021/1206 ( PDF )
    Efficient Perfectly Secure Computation with Optimal Resilience
    Ittai Abraham and Gilad Asharov and Avishay Yanai
    2021/1205 ( PDF )
    FASTA – a stream cipher for fast FHE evaluation
    Carlos Cid and John Petter Indrøy and Håvard Raddum
    2021/1204 ( PDF )
    Attacks on Pseudo Random Number Generators Hiding a Linear Structure
    Florette Martinez
    2021/1203 ( PDF )
    The irreducible vectors of a lattice: Some theory and applications
    Emmanouil Doulgerakis and Thijs Laarhoven and Benne de Weger
    2021/1202 ( PDF )
    Design Space Exploration of SABER in 65nm ASIC
    Malik Imran and Felipe Almeida and Jaan Raik and Andrea Basso and Sujoy Sinha Roy and Samuel Pagliarini
    2021/1201 ( PDF )
    Provably Improving Election Verifiability in Belenios
    Sevdenur Baloglu and Sergiu Bursuc and Sjouke Mauw and Jun Pang
    2021/1200 ( PDF )
    KDM Security for the Fujisaki-Okamoto Transformations in the QROM
    Fuyuki Kitagawa and Ryo Nishimaki
    2021/1199 ( PDF )
    Compressed Oblivious Encoding for Homomorphically Encrypted Search
    Seung Geol Choi and Dana Dachman-Soled and S. Dov Gordon and Linsheng Liu and Arkady Yerukhimovich
    2021/1198 ( PDF )
    Clustering Effect in Simon and Simeck
    Gaëtan Leurent and Clara Pernot and André Schrottenloher
    2021/1197 ( PDF )
    ($\epsilon,\delta$)-indistinguishable Mixing for Cryptocurrencies
    Mingyu Liang and Ioanna Karantaidou and Foteini Baldimtsi and Dov Gordon and Mayank Varia
    2021/1196 ( PDF )
    Concurrent Composition of Differential Privacy
    Salil Vadhan and Tianhao Wang
    2021/1195 ( PDF )
    Do you feel a chill? Using PIR against chilling effects for censorship-resistant publishing
    Miti Mazmudar and Stan Gurtler and Ian Goldberg
    2021/1194 ( PDF )
    Automated Truncation of Differential Trails and Trail Clustering in ARX
    Alex Biryukov and Luan Cardoso dos Santos and Daniel Feher and Vesselin Velichkov and Giuseppe Vitto
    2021/1193 ( PDF )
    JUBILEE: Secure Debt Relief and Forgiveness
    David Cerezo Sánchez
    2021/1192 ( PDF )
    Simple Constructions from (Almost) Regular One-Way Functions
    Noam Mazor and Jiapeng Zhang
    2021/1191 ( PDF )
    A Simpler Model for Recovering Superpoly onTrivium
    Stéphanie Delaune and Patrick Derbez and Arthur Gontier and Charles Prud'homme
    2021/1190 ( PDF )
    Differential Fault Attack on Lightweight Block Cipher PIPO
    SeongHyuck Lim and JaeSeung Han and Tae-Ho Lee and Dong-Guk Han
    2021/1189 ( PDF )
    A Configurable Crystals-Kyber Hardware Implementation with Side-Channel Protection
    Arpan Jati and Naina Gupta and Anupam Chattopadhyay and Somitra Kumar Sanadhya
    2021/1188 ( PDF )
    Interhead Hydra Two Heads are Better than One
    Maxim Jourenko and Mario Larangeira and Keisuke Tanaka
    2021/1187 ( PDF )
    Post-Quantum Signal Key Agreement with SIDH
    Samuel Dobson and Steven D. Galbraith
    2021/1186 ( PDF )
    A Privacy-Preserving Distributed Identity Offline-First PoCP Blockchain Paradigm
    Andrew M.K. Nassief
    2021/1185 ( PDF )
    Giving an Adversary Guarantees (Or: How to Model Designated Verifier Signatures in a Composable Framework)
    Ueli Maurer and Christopher Portmann and Guilherme Rito
    2021/1184 ( PDF )
    On Time-Lock Cryptographic Assumptions in Abelian Hidden-Order Groups
    Aron van Baarsen and Marc Stevens
    2021/1183 ( PDF )
    ZkAttest: Ring and Group Signatures on top of existing ECDSA keys
    Armando Faz-Hernández and Watson Ladd and Deepak Maram
    2021/1182 ( PDF )
    Opportunistic Algorithmic Double-Spending: How I learned to stop worrying and hedge the Fork
    Nicholas Stifter and Aljosha Judmayer and Philipp Schindler and Edgar Weippl
    2021/1181 ( PDF )
    Rosita++: Automatic Higher-Order Leakage Elimination from Cryptographic Code
    Madura A. Shelton;Łukasz Chmielewski;Niels Samwel;Markus Wagner;Lejla Batina;Yuval Yarom
    2021/1180 ( PDF )
    The Effect of False Positives: Why Fuzzy Message Detection Leads to Fuzzy Privacy Guarantees?
    István András Seres and Balázs Pejó and Péter Burcsi
    2021/1179 ( PDF )
    Improved Attacks on GIFT-64
    Ling Sun and Wei Wang and Meiqin Wang
    2021/1178 ( PDF )
    Onion Routing with Replies
    Christiane Kuhn and Dennis Hofheinz and Andy Rupp and Thorsten Strufe
    2021/1177 ( PDF )
    Algebraic Restriction Codes and their Applications
    Divesh Aggarwal and Nico Döttling and Jesko Dujmovic and Mohammad Hajiabadi and Giulio Malavolta and Maciej Obremski
    2021/1176 ( PDF )
    Amortized Threshold Symmetric-key Encryption
    Mihai Christodorescu and Sivanarayana Gaddam and Pratyay Mukherjee and Rohit Sinha
    2021/1175 ( PDF )
    Adaptive Security of Multi-Party Protocols, Revisited
    Martin Hirt and Chen-Da Liu-Zhang and Ueli Maurer
    2021/1174 ( PDF )
    On Communication-Efficient Asynchronous MPC with Adaptive Security
    Annick Chopard and Martin Hirt and Chen-Da Liu-Zhang
    2021/1173 ( PDF )
    Lelantus Spark: Secure and Flexible Private Transactions
    Aram Jivanyan and Aaron Feickert
    2021/1172 ( PDF )
    Systematizing Core Properties of Pairing-Based Attribute-Based Encryption to Uncover Remaining Challenges in Enforcing Access Control in Practice
    Marloes Venema and Greg Alpár and Jaap-Henk Hoepman
    2021/1171 ( PDF )
    FAST: Secure and High Performance Format-Preserving Encryption and Tokenization
    F. Betül Durak and Henning Horst and Michael Horst and Serge Vaudenay
    2021/1170 ( PDF )
    Downgradable Identity-Based Signatures and Trapdoor Sanitizable Signatures from Downgradable Affine MACs
    Masahito Ishizaka and Shinsaku Kiyomoto
    2021/1169 ( PDF )
    As easy as ABC: Optimal (A)ccountable (B)yzantine (C)onsensus is easy!
    Pierre Civit and Seth Gilbert and Vincent Gramoli and Rachid Guerraoui and Jovan Komatovic
    2021/1168 ( PDF )
    Toward a Fully Secure Authenticated Encryption Scheme From a Pseudorandom Permutation (Full Version)
    Wonseok Choi and Byeonghak Lee and Jooyoung Lee and Yeongmin Lee
    2021/1167 ( PDF )
    fflonk: a Fast-Fourier inspired verifier efficient version of PlonK
    Ariel Gabizon and Zachary J. Williamson
    2021/1166 ( PDF )
    Fine-tuning the ISO/IEC Standard LightMAC
    Soumya Chattopadhyay and Ashwin Jha and Mridul Nandi
    2021/1165 ( PDF )
    Reputation at Stake! A Trust Layer over Decentralized Ledger for Multiparty Computation and Reputation-Fair Lottery
    Mario Larangeira
    2021/1164 ( PDF )
    Cube Attacks on Round-Reduced TinyJAMBU
    Wil Liam Teng and Iftekhar Salam and Wei-Chuen Yau and Josef Pieprzyk and Raphaël C.-W. Phan
    2021/1163 ( PDF )
    Information-Theoretically Secure MPC against Mixed Dynamic Adversaries
    Ivan Damgård and Daniel Escudero and Divya Ravi
    2021/1162 ( PDF )
    Software Implementation of Optimal Pairings on Elliptic Curves with Odd Prime Embedding Degrees
    Yu Dai and Zijian Zhou and Fangguo Zhang and Chang-An Zhao
    2021/1161 ( PDF )
    Balanced Non-Adjacent Forms
    Marc Joye
    2021/1160 ( PDF )
    Classical Attacks on a Variant of the RSA Cryptosystem
    Abderrahmane Nitaj and Muhammad Rezal Kamel Ariffin and Nurul Nur Hanisah Adenan and Nur Azman Abu
    2021/1159 ( PDF )
    Compact and Malicious Private Set Intersection for Small Sets
    Mike Rosulek and Ni Trieu
    2021/1158 ( PDF )
    Grafting Key Trees: Efficient Key Management for Overlapping Groups
    Joël Alwen and Benedikt Auerbach and Mirza Ahad Baig and Miguel Cueto and Karen Klein and Guillermo Pascual-Perez and Krzysztof Pietrzak and Michael Walter
    2021/1157 ( PDF )
    Lightweight Private Similarity Search
    Sacha Servan-Schreiber and Simon Langowski and Srinivas Devadas
    2021/1156 ( PDF )
    Evolving Secret Sharing in Almost Semi-honest Model
    Jyotirmoy Pramanik and Avishek Adhikari
    2021/1155 ( PDF )
    GPS: Integration of Graphene, PALISADE, and SGX for Large-scale Aggregations of Distributed Data
    Jonathan Takeshita and Colin McKechney and Justin Pajak and Antonis Papadimitriou and Ryan Karl and Taeho Jung
    2021/1154 ( PDF )
    1, 2, 3, Fork: Counter Mode Variants based on a Generalized Forkcipher
    Elena Andreeva and Amit Singh Bhati and Bart Preneel and Damian Vizar
    2021/1153 ( PDF )
    SynCirc: Efficient Synthesis of Depth-Optimized Circuits for Secure Computation
    Arpita Patra and Thomas Schneider and Ajith Suresh and Hossein Yalame
    2021/1152 ( PDF )
    Bandersnatch: a fast elliptic curve built over the BLS12-381 scalar field
    Simon Masson and Antonio Sanso and Zhenfei Zhang
    2021/1151 ( PDF )
    Efficient Modular Multiplication
    Joppe W. Bos and Thorsten Kleinjung and Dan Page
    2021/1150 ( PDF )
    Silver: Silent VOLE and Oblivious Transfer from Hardness of Decoding Structured LDPC Codes
    Geoffroy Couteau and Peter Rindal and Srinivasan Raghuraman
    2021/1149 ( PDF )
    Machine-checked ZKP for NP-relations: Formally Verified Security Proofs and Implementations of MPC-in-the-Head
    José Bacelar Almeida and Manuel Barbosa and Manuel L Correia and Karim Eldefrawy and Stéphane Graham-Lengrand and Hugo Pacheco and Vitor Pereira
    2021/1148 ( PDF )
    Fighting Fake News in Encrypted Messaging with the Fuzzy Anonymous Complaint Tally System (FACTS)
    Linsheng Liu and Daniel S. Roche and Austin Theriault and Arkady Yerukhimovich
    2021/1147 ( PDF )
    Clockwork Finance: Automated Analysis of Economic Security in Smart Contracts
    Kushal Babel and Philip Daian and Mahimna Kelkar and Ari Juels
    2021/1146 ( PDF )
    Key Encapsulation Mechanism with Tight Enhanced Security in the Multi-User Setting: Impossibility Result and Optimal Tightness
    Shuai Han and Shengli Liu and Dawu Gu
    2021/1145 ( PDF )
    Recurring Contingent Payment for Proofs of Retrievability
    Aydin Abadi and Steven J. Murdoch and Thomas Zacharias
    2021/1144 ( PDF )
    MAYO: Practical Post-Quantum Signatures from Oil-and-Vinegar Maps
    Ward Beullens
    2021/1143 ( PDF )
    Facial Recognition for Remote Electronic Voting – Missing Piece of the Puzzle or Yet Another Liability?
    Sven Heiberg and Kristjan Krips and Jan Willemson and Priit Vinkel
    2021/1142 ( -- withdrawn -- )
    The Elliptic Net Algorithm Revisited
    Shiping Cai and Zhi Hu and Zheng-An Yao and Chang-An Zhao
    2021/1141 ( PDF )
    Round-Efficient Byzantine Agreement and Multi-Party Computation with Asynchronous Fallback
    Giovanni Deligios and Martin Hirt and Chen-Da Liu-Zhang
    2021/1140 ( PDF )
    Computing Discrete Logarithms
    Robert Granger and Antoine Joux
    2021/1139 ( PDF )
    HyperLogLog: Exponentially Bad in Adversarial Settings
    Kenneth G. Paterson and Mathilde Raynal
    2021/1138 ( PDF )
    Optimal Good-case Latency for Rotating Leader Synchronous BFT
    Ittai Abraham and Kartik Nayak and Nibesh Shrestha
    2021/1137 ( PDF )
    qTESLA: Practical Implementations of a Quantum Attack Resistant Signature Scheme
    Michael Burger and Juliane Krämer and Christian Bischof
    2021/1136 ( PDF )
    A new Parallelization for p3Enum and Parallelized Generation of Optimized Pruning Functions
    Michael Burger and Christian Bischof and Juliane Krämer
    2021/1135 ( PDF )
    FDFB: Full Domain Functional Bootstrapping Towards Practical Fully Homomorphic Encryption
    Kamil Kluczniak and Leonard Schild
    2021/1134 ( PDF )
    Some observations on ZUC-256
    Alexander Maximov
    2021/1133 ( PDF )
    Multiradical isogenies
    Wouter Castryck and Thomas Decru
    2021/1132 ( PDF )
    Safe-Error Attacks on SIKE and CSIDH
    Fabio Campos and Juliane Krämer and Marcel Müller
    2021/1131 ( PDF )
    Multi-key Fully Homomorphic Encryption Scheme with Compact Ciphertext
    Tanping Zhou and Zhenfeng Zhang and Long Chen and Xiaoliang Che and Wenchao Liu and Xiaoyuan Yang
    2021/1130 ( PDF )
    A note on group membership tests for $\G_1$, $\G_2$ and $\G_T$ on BLS pairing-friendly curves
    Michael Scott
    2021/1129 ( PDF )
    Beauty of Cryptography: the Cryptographic Sequences and the Golden Ratio
    Shenghui Su and Jianhua Zheng and Shuwang Lv
    2021/1128 ( PDF )
    Continuously Non-Malleable Secret Sharing: Joint Tampering, Plain Model and Capacity
    Gianluca Brian and Antonio Faonio and Daniele Venturi
    2021/1127 ( PDF )
    Bigdata-facilitated Two-party Authenticated Key Exchange for IoT
    Bowen Liu and Qiang Tang and Jianying Zhou
    2021/1126 ( PDF )
    Turn-Based Communication Channels
    Carlo Brunetta and Mario Larangeira and Bei Liang and Aikaterini Mitrokotsa and Keisuke Tanaka
    2021/1125 ( PDF )
    Towards Explaining Epsilon: A Worst-Case Study of Differential Privacy Risks
    Luise Mehner and Saskia Nuñez von Voigt and Florian Tschorsch
    2021/1124 ( PDF )
    A Semi-Permanent Stuck-At Fault Analysis on AES Rijndael SBox
    Priyanka Joshi and Bodhisatwa Mazumdar
    2021/1123 ( PDF )
    Oblivious RAM with Worst-Case Logarithmic Overhead
    Gilad Asharov and Ilan Komargodski and Wei-Kai Lin and Elaine Shi
    2021/1122 ( PDF )
    And Paper-Based is Better? Towards Comparability of Classic and Cryptographic Voting Schemes
    Marc Nemes and Rebecca Schwerdt and Dirk Achenbach and Bernhard Löwe and Jörn Müller-Quade
    2021/1121 ( PDF )
    Constant-Time Arithmetic for Safer Cryptography
    Lúcás Críostóir Meier and Simone Colombo and Marin Thiercelin and Bryan Ford
    2021/1120 ( PDF )
    Simpira Gets Simpler: Optimized Simpira on Microcontrollers
    Minjoo Sim and Siwoo Eum and Hyeokdong Kwon and Kyungbae Jang and Hyunjun Kim and Hyunji Kim and Gyeongju Song and Wai-Kong Lee and Hwajeong Seo
    2021/1119 ( PDF )
    Automatic Classical and Quantum Rebound Attacks on AES-like Hashing by Exploiting Related-key Differentials
    Xiaoyang Dong and Zhiyu Zhang and Siwei Sun and Congming Wei and Xiaoyun Wang and Lei Hu
    2021/1118 ( PDF )
    THC: Practical and Cost-Effective Verification of Delegated Computation
    Pablo Rauzy and Ali Nehme
    2021/1117 ( PDF )
    All the Polynomial Multiplication You Need on RISC-V
    Hwajeong Seo and Hyeokdong Kwon and Siwoo Eum and Kyungbae Jang and Hyunjun Kim and Hyunji Kim and Minjoo Sim and Gyeongju Song and Wai-Kong Lee
    2021/1116 ( PDF )
    Labeled PSI from Homomorphic Encryption with Reduced Computation and Communication
    Kelong Cong and Radames Cruz Moreno and Mariana Botelho da Gama and Wei Dai and Ilia Iliashenko and Kim Laine and Michael Rosenberg
    2021/1115 ( PDF )
    Evolving Secret Sharing Schemes Based on Polynomial Evaluations and Algebraic Geometry Codes
    Chaoping Xing and Chen Yuan
    2021/1114 ( PDF )
    Remarks on MOBS and cryptosystems using semidirect products
    Chris Monico
    2021/1113 ( PDF )
    On the Security of Doubly Efficient PIR
    Elette Boyle and Justin Holmgren and Fermi Ma and Mor Weiss
    2021/1112 ( PDF )
    Key agreement: security / division
    Daniel R. L. Brown
    2021/1111 ( PDF )
    A Low-Randomness Second-Order Masked AES
    Tim Beyne and Siemen Dhooghe and Adrián Ranea and Danilo Šijačić
    2021/1110 ( PDF )
    Secure and Efficient Software Masking on Superscalar Pipelined Processors
    Barbara Gigerl and Robert Primas and Stefan Mangard
    2021/1109 ( PDF )
    On Actively Secure Fine-grained Access Structures from Isogeny Assumptions
    Philipp Muth and Fabio Campos
    2021/1108 ( PDF )
    Preservation of DNA Privacy During the Large Scale Detection of COVID
    Marcel Hollenstein and David Naccache and Peter B. Roenne and Peter Y A Ryan and Robert Weil and Ofer Yifrach-Stav
    2021/1107 ( PDF )
    Multi-Leak Deep-Learning Side-Channel Analysis
    Fanliang Hu and Huanyu Wang and Junnian Wang
    2021/1106 ( PDF )
    Primary Elements in Cyclotomic Fields with Applications to Power Residue Symbols, and More
    Eric Brier and Rémi Géraud-Stewart and Marc Joye and David Naccache
    2021/1105 ( PDF )
    Improved Linear Approximations of SNOW-V and SNOW-Vi
    Zhen Shi and Chenhui Jin and Yu Jin
    2021/1104 ( PDF )
    Finding Practical Distinguishers for ZUC-256 Using Modular Differences
    Fukang Liu and Willi Meier and Santanu Sarkar and Gaoli Wang and Ryoma Ito and Takanori Isobe
    2021/1103 ( PDF )
    Exploring Differential-Based Distinguishers and Forgeries for ASCON
    David Gerault and Thomas Peyrin and Quan Quan Tan
    2021/1102 ( -- withdrawn -- )
    Construction and Implementation of Practical Reusable and Robust Fuzzy Extractors for Fingerprint
    Lin You and Wang Cheng and Gengran Hu
    2021/1101 ( PDF )
    Differential Privacy in Constant Function Market Makers
    Tarun Chitra and Guillermo Angeris and Alex Evans
    2021/1100 ( PDF )
    REDsec: Running Encrypted DNNs in Seconds
    Lars Folkerts and Charles Gouert and Nektarios Georgios Tsoutsos
    2021/1099 ( PDF )
    MILP modeling of Boolean functions by minimum number of inequalities
    Aleksei Udovenko
    2021/1098 ( PDF )
    Individual Verifiability and Revoting in the Estonian Internet Voting System
    Olivier Pereira
    2021/1097 ( PDF )
    The Hadamard square of concatenated linear codes
    Ivan Chizhov and Alexandra Davletshina
    2021/1096 ( PDF )
    Mt. Random: Multi-Tiered Randomness Beacons
    Ignacio Cascudo and Bernardo David and Omer Shlomovits and Denis Varlakov
    2021/1095 ( PDF )
    Analyzing Masked Ciphers Against Transition and Coupling Effects
    Siemen Dhooghe
    2021/1094 ( PDF )
    Resilient Uniformity: Applying Resiliency in Masking
    Siemen Dhooghe and Svetla Nikova
    2021/1093 ( PDF )
    Quantum Algorithms for Variants of Average-Case Lattice Problems via Filtering
    Yilei Chen and Qipeng Liu and Mark Zhandry
    2021/1092 ( PDF )
    SoK: Deep Learning-based Physical Side-channel Analysis
    Stjepan Picek and Guilherme Perin and Luca Mariot and Lichao Wu and Lejla Batina
    2021/1091 ( PDF )
    No (Good) Loss no Gain: Systematic Evaluation of Loss functions in Deep Learning-based Side-channel Analysis
    Maikel Kerkhof and Lichao Wu and Guilherme Perin and Stjepan Picek
    2021/1090 ( PDF )
    Towards Accountability in CRS Generation
    Prabhanjan Ananth and Gilad Asharov and Hila Dahari and Vipul Goyal
    2021/1089 ( PDF )
    Threshold scheme to share a secret by means of sound ranging
    Sergij V. Goncharov
    2021/1088 ( PDF )
    Studying Bitcoin privacy attacks and their Impact on Bitcoin-based Identity Methods
    Simin Ghesmati and Walid Fdhila and Edgar Weippl
    2021/1087 ( PDF )
    Methods for Decentralized Identities: Evaluation and Insights
    Walid Fdhila and Nicholas Stifter and Kristian Kostal and Cihan Saglam and Markus Sabadello
    2021/1086 ( PDF )
    How do the Arbiter PUFs Sample the Boolean Function Class?
    Animesh Roy and Dibyendu Roy and Subhamoy Maitra
    2021/1085 ( PDF )
    Homomorphic Encryption for Multiple Users with Less Communications
    Jeongeun Park
    2021/1084 ( PDF )
    Towards the Least Inequalities for Describing a Subset in $Z_2^n$
    Yao Sun
    2021/1083 ( PDF )
    Modular Design of Secure Group Messaging Protocols and the Security of MLS
    Joël Alwen and Sandro Coretti and Yevgeniy Dodis and Yiannis Tselekounis
    2021/1082 ( PDF )
    Some remarks on how to hash faster onto elliptic curves
    Dmitrii Koshelev
    2021/1081 ( PDF )
    OnionPIR: Response Efficient Single-Server PIR
    Muhammad Haris Mughees and Hao Chen and Ling Ren
    2021/1080 ( PDF )
    SplitGuard: Detecting and Mitigating Training-Hijacking Attacks in Split Learning
    Ege Erdogan and Alptekin Kupcu and A. Ercument Cicek
    2021/1079 ( PDF )
    The Exact Complexity of Pseudorandom Functions and Tight Barriers to Lower Bound Proofs
    Zhiyuan Fan and Jiatu Li and Tianqi Yang
    2021/1078 ( PDF )
    Reflection, Rewinding, and Coin-Toss in EasyCrypt
    Denis Firsov and Dominique Unruh
    2021/1077 ( PDF )
    MProve+ : Privacy Enhancing Proof of Reserves Protocol for Monero
    Arijit Dutta and Suyash Bagad and Saravanan Vijayakumaran
    2021/1076 ( PDF )
    Hardness of KT Characterizes Parallel Cryptography
    Hanlin Ren and Rahul Santhanam
    2021/1075 ( PDF )
    The security of the code-based signature scheme based on the Stern identification protocol
    Victoria Vysotskaya and Ivan Chizhov
    2021/1074 ( PDF )
    UnSplit: Data-Oblivious Model Inversion, Model Stealing, and Label Inference Attacks Against Split Learning
    Ege Erdogan and Alptekin Kupcu and A. Ercument Cicek
    2021/1073 ( PDF )
    "Act natural!": Having a Private Chat on a Public Blockchain
    Thore Tiemann and Sebastian Berndt and Thomas Eisenbarth and Maciej Liskiewicz
    2021/1072 ( PDF )
    Streaming SPHINCS+ for Embedded Devices using the Example of TPMs
    Ruben Niederhagen and Johannes Roth and Julian Wälde
    2021/1071 ( PDF )
    Improved Verifiability for BeleniosVS
    Thomas Haines and Rajeev Gore
    2021/1070 ( PDF )
    Onyx: New Encryption and Signature Schemes with Multivariate Public Key in Degree 3
    Gilles Macario-Rat and Jacques Patarin
    2021/1069 ( PDF )
    Djed: A Formally Verified Crypto-Backed Pegged Algorithmic Stablecoin
    Joachim Zahnentferner and Dmytro Kaidalov and Jean-Frédéric Etienne and Javier Díaz
    2021/1068 ( PDF )
    A Simple Post-Quantum Non-Interactive Zero-Knowledge Proof from Garbled Circuits
    Hongrui Cui and Kaiyi Zhang
    2021/1067 ( PDF )
    A Tale of Twin Primitives: Single-chip Solution for PUFs and TRNGs
    Kuheli Pratihar and Urbi Chatterjee and Manaar Alam and Debdeep Mukhopadhyay and Rajat Subhra Chakraborty
    2021/1066 ( PDF )
    Taphonomical Security: (DNA) Information with Foreseeable Lifespan
    Fatima-Ezzahra El Orche and Marcel Hollenstein and Sarah Houdaigoui and David Naccache and Daria Pchelina and Peter B. Roenne and Peter Y.A. Ryan and Julien Weibel and Robert Weil
    2021/1065 ( PDF )
    Time, Privacy, Robustness, Accuracy: Trade Offs for the Open Vote Network Protocol
    Gergei Bana and Marco Biroli and Megi Dervishi and Fatima-Ezzahra El Orche and Rémi Géraud-Stewart and David Naccache and Peter B. Roenne and Peter Y.A. Ryan and Hugo Waltsburger
    2021/1064 ( PDF )
    Glowworm Attack: Optical TEMPEST Sound Recovery via a Device’s Power Indicator LED
    Ben Nassi and Yaron Pirutin and Tomer Cohen Galor and Yuval Elovici and Boris Zadov
    2021/1063 ( PDF )
    Cairo – a Turing-complete STARK-friendly CPU architecture
    Lior Goldberg and Shahar Papini and Michael Riabzev
    2021/1062 ( PDF )
    On the Nonsingularity and Equivalence of NFSRs
    Yingyin Pan and Jianghua Zhong and Dongdai Lin
    2021/1061 ( PDF )
    Edwards curves and FFT-based multiplication
    Pavel Atnashev and George Woltman
    2021/1060 ( PDF )
    Discovering New $L$-Function Relations Using Algebraic Sieving
    Hadrien Barral and Éric Brier and Rémi Géraud-Stewart and Arthur Léonard and David Naccache and Quentin Vermande and Samuel Vivien
    2021/1059 ( PDF )
    Revisiting cryptanalysis on ChaCha from Crypto 2020 and Eurocrypt 2021
    Sabyasachi Dey and Chandan Dey and Santanu Sarkar and Willi Meier
    2021/1058 ( PDF )
    Cryptanalysis of Caesar using Quantum Support Vector Machine
    Hyunji Kim and Gyeongju Song and Kyoungbae Jang and Hwajeong Seo
    2021/1057 ( PDF )
    An Efficient Data Protection Scheme Based on Hierarchical ID-Based Encryption for Message Queueing Telemetry Transport
    Chun-I Fan and Cheng-Han Shie and Yi-Fan Tseng and Hui-Chun Huang
    2021/1056 ( PDF )
    Revocable Attribute-Based Encryption for Multi-Keyword Search in Clouds
    Chun-I Fan and Si-Jing Wu and Yi-Fan Tseng
    2021/1055 ( PDF )
    Threshold Schnorr with Stateless Deterministic Signing from Standard Assumptions
    François Garillot and Yashvanth Kondi and Payman Mohassel and Valeria Nikolaenko
    2021/1054 ( PDF )
    One-time Traceable Ring Signatures
    Alessandra Scafuro and Bihan Zhang
    2021/1053 ( PDF )
    XDIVINSA: eXtended DIVersifying INStruction Agent to Mitigate Power Side-Channel Leakage
    Thinh H. Pham and Ben Marshall and Alexander Fell and Siew-Kei Lam and Daniel Page
    2021/1052 ( PDF )
    Comparing Lattice Families for Bounded Distance Decoding near Minkowski’s Bound.
    Oleksandra Lapiha
    2021/1051 ( PDF )
    Collisions in Supersingular Isogeny Graphs and the SIDH-based Identification Protocol
    Wissam Ghantous and Federico Pintore and Mattia Veroni
    2021/1050 ( PDF )
    Privacy-Enhancing Group Signcryption Scheme
    Sara Ricci and Petr Dzurenda and Jan Hajny and Lukas Malina
    2021/1049 ( PDF )
    Binary Search in Secure Computation
    Marina Blanton and Chen Yuan
    2021/1048 ( PDF )
    Aggregating hash-based signatures using STARKs
    Irakliy Khaburzaniya and Konstantinos Chalkias and Kevin Lewi and Harjasleen Malvai
    2021/1047 ( PDF )
    A Correlation Attack on Full SNOW-V and SNOW-Vi
    Zhen Shi and Chenhui Jin and Jiyan Zhang and Ting Cui and Lin Ding
    2021/1046 ( PDF )
    On the modifier Q for multivariate signature schemes
    Yasufumi Hashimoto
    2021/1045 ( PDF )
    Minor improvements of algorithm to solve under-defined systems of multivariate quadratic equations
    Yasufumi Hashimoto
    2021/1044 ( PDF )
    On the security of Hufu-UOV
    Yasufumi Hashimoto
    2021/1043 ( PDF )
    Brakedown: Linear-time and post-quantum SNARKs for R1CS
    Alexander Golovnev and Jonathan Lee and Srinath Setty and Justin Thaler and Riad S. Wahby
    2021/1042 ( PDF )
    Rate One-Third Non-malleable Codes
    Divesh Aggarwal and Bhavana Kanukurthi and Sai Lakshmi Bhavana Obbattu and Maciej Obremski and Sruthi Sekar
    2021/1041 ( PDF )
    On the Multiplicative Complexity of Cubic Boolean Functions
    Meltem Sonmez Turan and Rene Peralta
    2021/1040 ( PDF )
    MUSE: Secure Inference Resilient to Malicious Clients
    Ryan Lehmkuhl and Pratyush Mishra and Akshayaram Srinivasan and Raluca Ada Popa
    2021/1039 ( PDF )
    Neyman’s Smoothness Test: a Trade-off between Moment-based and Distribution-based Leakage Detections
    Si Gao and Elisabeth Oswald and Yan Yan
    2021/1038 ( PDF )
    Reinforced Concrete: Fast Hash Function for Zero Knowledge Proofs and Verifiable Computation
    Mario Barbara and Lorenzo Grassi and Dmitry Khovratovich and Reinhard Lueftenegger and Christian Rechberger and Markus Schofnegger and Roman Walch
    2021/1037 ( PDF )
    Randomness Bounds for Private Simultaneous Messages and Conditional Disclosure of Secrets
    Akinori Kawachi and Maki Yoshida
    2021/1036 ( PDF )
    Lelantus-CLA
    Pyrros Chaidos and Vladislav Gelfer
    2021/1035 ( PDF )
    Cryptanalysis of Encrypted Search with LEAKER - A framework for LEakage AttacK Evaluation on Real-world data
    Seny Kamara and Abdelkarim Kati and Tarik Moataz and Thomas Schneider and Amos Treiber and Michael Yonli
    2021/1034 ( PDF )
    Optimal encodings to elliptic curves of $j$-invariants $0$, $1728$
    Dmitrii Koshelev
    2021/1033 ( PDF )
    Limits of Polynomial Packings for $\mathbb{Z}_{p^k}$ and $\mathbb{F}_{p^k}$
    Jung Hee Cheon and Keewoo Lee
    2021/1032 ( PDF )
    AdVeil: A Private Targeted-Advertising Ecosystem
    Sacha Servan-Schreiber and Kyle Hogan and Srinivas Devadas
    2021/1031 ( PDF )
    Commitment Schemes from Supersingular Elliptic Curve Isogeny Graphs
    Bruno Sterner
    2021/1030 ( PDF )
    A lightweight ISE for ChaCha on RISC-V
    Ben Marshall and Daniel Page and Thinh Hung Pham
    2021/1029 ( PDF )
    LOVE a pairing
    Diego F. Aranha and Elena Pagnin and Francisco Rodríguez-Henríquez
    2021/1028 ( PDF )
    Structural Attack (and Repair) of Diffused-Input-Blocked-Output White-Box Cryptography
    Claude Carlet and Sylvain Guilley and Sihem Mesnager
    2021/1027 ( PDF )
    On Fingerprinting Attacks and Length-Hiding Encryption
    Kai Gellert and Tibor Jager and Lin Lyu and Tom Neuschulten
    2021/1026 ( -- withdrawn -- )
    On the Hardness of Ring/Module/Polynomial LWR Problems
    Yang Wang and Yanmin Zhao and Mingqiang Wang
    2021/1025 ( PDF )
    Efficient Information-Theoretic Multi-Party Computation over Non-Commutative Rings
    Daniel Escudero and Eduardo Soria-Vazquez
    2021/1024 ( PDF )
    Efficient Implementation of Lightweight Hash Functions on GPU and Quantum Computers for IoT Applications
    Wai-Kong Lee and Kyungbae Jang and Gyeongju Song and Hyunji Kim and Seong Oun Hwang and Hwajeong Seo
    2021/1023 ( PDF )
    SIDH Proof of Knowledge
    Luca De Feo and Samuel Dobson and Steven D. Galbraith and Lukas Zobernig
    2021/1022 ( PDF )
    Zero-Knowledge Middleboxes
    Paul Grubbs and Arasu Arun and Ye Zhang and Joseph Bonneau and Michael Walfish
    2021/1021 ( PDF )
    Power-based Side Channel Attack Analysis on PQC Algorithms
    Tendayi Kamucheka and Michael Fahr and Tristen Teague and Alexander Nelson and David Andrews and Miaoqing Huang
    2021/1020 ( PDF )
    Designing a Practical Code-based Signature Scheme from Zero-Knowledge Proofs with Trusted Setup
    Shay Gueron and Edoardo Persichetti and Paolo Santini
    2021/1019 ( PDF )
    Implementing and Measuring KEMTLS
    Sofía Celi and Armando Faz-Hernández and Nick Sullivan and Goutam Tamvada and Luke Valenta and Thom Wiggers and Bas Westerbaan and and Christopher A. Wood
    2021/1018 ( PDF )
    Obfustopia Built on Secret-Key Functional Encryption
    Fuyuki Kitagawa and Ryo Nishimaki and Keisuke Tanaka
    2021/1017 ( PDF )
    Improve Neural Distinguisher for Cryptanalysis
    Zezhou Hou and Jiongjiong Ren and Shaozhen Chen
    2021/1016 ( PDF )
    Quantum collision finding for homomorphic hash functions
    Juan Carlos Garcia-Escartin and Vicent Gimeno and Julio José Moyano-Fernández
    2021/1015 ( PDF )
    Look-up the Rainbow: Efficient Table-based Parallel Implementation of Rainbow Signature on 64-bit ARMv8 Processors
    Hyeokdong Kwon and Hyunjun Kim and Minjoo Sim and Wai-Kong Lee and Hwajeong Seo
    2021/1014 ( PDF )
    SoC Security Properties and Rules
    Nusrat Farzana and Farimah Farahmandi and Mark Tehranipoor
    2021/1013 ( PDF )
    Iterative Oblivious Pseudo-Random Functions and Applications
    Erik-Oliver Blass and Florian Kerschbaum and Travis Mayberry
    2021/1012 ( PDF )
    A Formal Security Analysis of the W3C Web Payment APIs: Attacks and Verification
    Quoc Huy Do and Pedram Hosseyni and Ralf Kuesters and Guido Schmitz and Nils Wenzler and Tim Wuertele
    2021/1011 ( PDF )
    A Fast and Flexible Multi-Client Functional Encryption for Set Intersection
    Mojtaba Rafiee
    2021/1010 ( PDF )
    Circuit friendly, post-quantum dynamic accumulators from RingSIS with logarithmic prover time
    Endre (Silur) Abraham
    2021/1009 ( PDF )
    Polynomial Representation Is Tricky: Maliciously Secure Private Set Intersection Revisited
    Aydin Abadi and Steven J. Murdoch and Thomas Zacharias
    2021/1008 ( PDF )
    Public-key Authenticated Encryption with Keyword Search: Cryptanalysis, Enhanced Security, and Quantum-resistant Instantiation
    Zi-Yuan Liu and Yi-Fan Tseng and Raylin Tso and Masahiro Mambo and Yu-Chi Chen
    2021/1007 ( PDF )
    Provably Solving the Hidden Subset Sum Problem via Statistical Learning
    Jean-Sebastien Coron and Agnese Gini
    2021/1006 ( PDF )
    UOV-Pepper: New Public Key Short Signature in Degree 3
    Gilles Macario-Rat and Jacques Patarin
    2021/1005 ( PDF )
    On the Construction and Cryptanalysis of Multi-Ciphers
    Arush Chhatrapati
    2021/1004 ( PDF )
    Towards Attack Resilient Arbiter PUF-Based Strong PUFs
    Nils Wisiol
    2021/1003 ( PDF )
    SCA-secure ECC in software – mission impossible?
    Lejla Batina and Łukasz Chmielewski and Björn Haase and Niels Samwel and Peter Schwabe
    2021/1002 ( PDF )
    Online Linear Extractors for Independent Sources
    Yevgeniy Dodis and Siyao Guo and Noah Stephens-Davidowitz and Zhiye Xie
    2021/1001 ( PDF )
    Classical Binding for Quantum Commitments
    Nir Bitansky and Zvika Brakerski
    2021/1000 ( PDF )
    A Lattice-based Provably Secure Multisignature Scheme in Quantum Random Oracle Model
    Masayuki Fukumitsu and Shingo Hasegawa
    2021/999 ( PDF )
    NTRU Fatigue: How Stretched is Overstretched?
    Léo Ducas and Wessel van Woerden
    2021/998 ( PDF )
    Polynomial multiplication on embedded vector architectures
    Hanno Becker and Jose Maria Bermudo Mera and Angshuman Karmakar and Joseph Yiu and Ingrid Verbauwhede
    2021/997 ( PDF )
    Higher-Order Lookup Table Masking in Essentially Constant Memory
    Annapurna Valiveti and Srinivas Vivek
    2021/996 ( PDF )
    Kadcast-NG: A Structured Broadcast Protocol for Blockchain Networks
    Elias Rohrer and Florian Tschorsch
    2021/995 ( PDF )
    Multi-moduli NTTs for Saber on Cortex-M3 and Cortex-M4
    Amin Abdulrahman and Jiun-Peng Chen and Yu-Jia Chen and Vincent Hwang and Matthias J. Kannwischer and Bo-Yin Yang
    2021/994 ( PDF )
    BKW Meets Fourier: New Algorithms for LPN with Sparse Parities
    Dana Dachman-Soled and Huijing Gong and Hunter Kippen and Aria Shahverdi
    2021/993 ( PDF )
    FLOD: Oblivious Defender for Private Byzantine-Robust Federated Learning with Dishonest-Majority
    Ye Dong and Xiaojun Chen and Kaiyun Li and Dakui Wang and Shuai Zeng
    2021/992 ( PDF )
    Faster Public-key Compression of SIDH with Less Memory
    Kaizhan Lin and Jianming Lin and Weize Wang and Chang-An Zhao
    2021/991 ( PDF )
    Fake it till you make it: Data Augmentation using Generative Adversarial Networks for all the crypto you need on small devices
    Naila Mukhtar and Lejla Batina and Stjepan Picek and Yinan Kong
    2021/990 ( PDF )
    Secret Keys in Genus-2 SIDH
    Sabrina Kunzweiler and Yan Bo Ti and Charlotte Weitkämper
    2021/989 ( PDF )
    Stateful KEM: Towards Optimal Robust Combiner for Key Encapsulation Mechanism
    Jia Xu and Yiwen Gao and Hoon Wei Lim and Hongbing Wang and Ee-Chien Chang
    2021/988 ( PDF )
    Concurrent Signatures from a Variety of Keys
    George Teseleanu
    2021/987 ( PDF )
    A Formal Security Analysis of Session Resumption Across Hostnames
    Kai Gellert and Tobias Handirk
    2021/986 ( PDF )
    Neon NTT: Faster Dilithium, Kyber, and Saber on Cortex-A72 and Apple M1
    Hanno Becker and Vincent Hwang and Matthias J. Kannwischer and Bo-Yin Yang and Shang-Yi Yang
    2021/985 ( PDF )
    PUF Security: Reviewing The Validity of Spoofing Attack Against Safe is the New Smart
    Karim Lounis
    2021/984 ( PDF )
    On the Use of the Legendre Symbol in Symmetric Cipher Design
    Alan Szepieniec
    2021/983 ( PDF )
    A Cryptographic Hash Function from Markoff Triples
    Elena Fuchs and Kristin Lauter and Matthew Litman and Austin Tran
    2021/982 ( PDF )
    Quantum Implementation and Resource Estimates for RECTANGLE and KNOT
    Anubhab Baksi and Kyungbae Jang and Gyeongju Song and Hwajeong Seo and Zejun Xiang
    2021/981 ( PDF )
    Deep Learning-based Side-channel Analysis against AES Inner Rounds
    Sudharshan Swaminathan and Lukasz Chmielewski and Guilherme Perin and Stjepan Picek
    2021/980 ( PDF )
    Binary Field Montgomery Multiplication on Quantum Computers
    Kyoungbae Jang and Gyeong Ju Song and Hyunji Kim and Hyeokdong Kwon and Wai-Kong Lee and Zhi Hu and Hwajeong Seo
    2021/979 ( PDF )
    Constant-Overhead Zero-Knowledge for RAM Programs
    Nicholas Franzese and Jonathan Katz and Steve Lu and Rafail Ostrovsky and Xiao Wang and Chenkai Weng
    2021/978 ( PDF )
    Polymath: Low-Latency MPC via Secure Polynomial Evaluations and its Applications
    Donghang Lu and Albert Yu and Aniket Kate and Hemanta Maji
    2021/977 ( PDF )
    Shorter and Faster Post-Quantum Designated-Verifier zkSNARKs from Lattices
    Yuval Ishai and Hang Su and David J. Wu
    2021/976 ( PDF )
    Reinventing BEDs: Formal Treatment of Broadcast Encryption with Dealership and Practical Constructions
    Sayantan Mukherjee and Avishek Majumder
    2021/975 ( PDF )
    Bridges connecting Encryption Schemes
    Mugurel Barcau and Cristian Lupascu and Vicentiu Pasol and George C. Turcas
    2021/974 ( PDF )
    Fast Keyword Search over Encrypted Data with Short Ciphertext in Clouds
    Yi-Fan Tseng and Chun-I Fan and Zi-Cheng Liu
    2021/973 ( PDF )
    A Multiplatform Parallel Approach for Lattice Sieving Algorithms
    Michał Andrzejczak and Kris Gaj
    2021/972 ( PDF )
    Partial Key Exposure Attack on Short Secret Exponent CRT-RSA
    Alexander May and Julian Nowakowski and Santanu Sarkar
    2021/971 ( PDF )
    Tighter Security for Schnorr Identification and Signatures: A High-Moment Forking Lemma for $\Sigma$-Protocols
    Lior Rotem and Gil Segev
    2021/970 ( PDF )
    Short Identity-Based Signatures with Tight Security from Lattices
    Jiaxin Pan and Benedikt Wagner
    2021/969 ( PDF )
    Influence of a Set of Variables on a Boolean Function
    Aniruddha Biswas and Palash Sarkar
    2021/968 ( PDF )
    White-Box Implementations for Hash-Based Signatures and One-Time Passwords
    Kemal Bicakci and Kemal Ulker and Yusuf Uzunay
    2021/967 ( PDF )
    Assessment of Quantum Threat To Bitcoin and Derived Cryptocurrencies
    Stephen Holmes and Liqun Chen
    2021/966 ( PDF )
    Soteria: Privacy-Preserving Machine Learning for Apache Spark
    Cláudia Brito and Pedro Ferreira and Bernardo Portela and Rui Oliveira and João Paulo
    2021/965 ( PDF )
    Automatic Search for Bit-based Division Property
    Shibam Ghosh and Orr Dunkelman
    2021/964 ( PDF )
    Secure Quantum Computation with Classical Communication
    James Bartusek
    2021/963 ( PDF )
    Post-Quantum Key-Blinding for Authentication in Anonymity Networks
    Edward Eaton and Douglas Stebila and Roy Stracovsky
    2021/962 ( PDF )
    Practically Solving LPN
    Thom Wiggers and Simona Samardjiska
    2021/961 ( PDF )
    Cryptimeleon: A Library for Fast Prototyping of Privacy-Preserving Cryptographic Schemes
    Jan Bobolz and Fabian Eidens and Raphael Heitjohann and Jeremy Fell
    2021/960 ( PDF )
    The SPEEDY Family of Block Ciphers - Engineering an Ultra Low-Latency Cipher from Gate Level for Secure Processor Architectures
    Gregor Leander and Thorben Moos and Amir Moradi and Shahram Rasoolzadeh
    2021/959 ( PDF )
    The Best of Two Worlds: Deep Learning-assisted Template Attack
    Lichao Wu and Guilherme Perin and Stjepan Picek
    2021/958 ( PDF )
    When the Decoder Has to Look Twice: Glitching a PUF Error Correction
    Jonas Ruchti and Michael Gruber and Michael Pehl
    2021/957 ( PDF )
    Three-Round Secure Multiparty Computation from Black-Box Two-Round Oblivious Transfer
    Arpita Patra and Akshayaram Srinivasan
    2021/956 ( PDF )
    Chosen Ciphertext k-Trace Attacks on Masked CCA2 Secure Kyber
    Mike Hamburg and Julius Hermelink and Robert Primas and Simona Samardjiska and Thomas Schamberger and Silvan Streit and Emanuele Strieder and Christine van Vredendaal
    2021/955 ( PDF )
    Higher-degree supersingular group actions
    Mathilde Chenu and Benjamin Smith
    2021/954 ( PDF )
    Scabbard: a suite of efficient learning with rounding key-encapsulation mechanisms
    Jose Maria Bermudo Mera and Angshuman Karmakar and Suparna Kundu and Ingrid Verbauwhede
    2021/953 ( PDF )
    State-free End-to-End Encrypted Storage and Chat Systems based on Searchable Encryption
    Keita Emura and Ryoma Ito and Sachiko Kanamori and Ryo Nojima and Yohei Watanabe
    2021/952 ( PDF )
    On the Evaluation of Deep Learning-based Side-channel Analysis
    Lichao Wu and Guilherme Perin and Stjepan Picek
    2021/951 ( PDF )
    Bitslice Masking and Improved Shuffling: How and When to Mix Them in Software?
    Melissa Azouaoui and Olivier Bronchain and Vincent Grosso and Kostas Papagiannopoulos and François-Xavier Standaert
    2021/950 ( PDF )
    Exploring Crypto-Physical Dark Matter and Learning with Physical Rounding Towards Secure and Efficient Fresh Re-Keying
    Sébastien Duval and Pierrick Méaux and Charles Momin and François-Xavier Standaert
    2021/949 ( PDF )
    A High-Speed Architecture for the Reduction in VDF Based on a Class Group
    Yifeng Song and Danyang Zhu and Jing Tian and Zhongfeng Wang
    2021/948 ( PDF )
    How to Make a Secure Index for Searchable Symmetric Encryption, Revisited
    Yohei Watanabe and Takeshi Nakai and Kazuma Ohara and Takuya Nojima and Yexuan Liu and Mitsugu Iwamoto and Kazuo Ohta
    2021/947 ( PDF )
    Autocorrelations of vectorial Boolean functions
    Anne Canteaut and Lukas Kölsch and Chao Li and Chunlei Li and Kangquan Li and Longjiang Qu and Friedrich Wiemer
    2021/946 ( PDF )
    Hidden Cosets and Applications to Unclonable Cryptography
    Andrea Coladangelo and Jiahui Liu and Qipeng Liu and Mark Zhandry
    2021/945 ( PDF )
    Limits on the Adaptive Security of Yao's Garbling
    Chethan Kamath and Karen Klein and Krzysztof Pietrzak and Daniel Wichs
    2021/944 ( PDF )
    Systematic Side-channel Analysis of Curve25519 with Machine Learning
    Léo Weissbart and Łukasz Chmielewski and Stjepan Picek and Lejla Batina
    2021/943 ( PDF )
    Breaking the Circuit-Size Barrier for Secure Computation under Quasi-Polynomial LPN
    Geoffroy Couteau and Pierre Meyer
    2021/942 ( PDF )
    Compact Ring Signatures from Learning With Errors
    Rohit Chatterjee and Sanjam Garg and Mohammad Hajiabadi and Dakshita Khurana and Xiao Liang and Giulio Malavolta and Omkant Pandey and Sina Shiehian
    2021/941 ( PDF )
    Spectral Approach to Process the (Multivariate) High-Order Template Attack against Any Masking Scheme
    Maamar Ouladj and Sylvain Guilley and Philippe Guillot and Farid Mokrane
    2021/940 ( PDF )
    SecretStore: A Secrecy as a Service model to enable the Cloud Storage to store user's secret data
    Ripon Patgiri and Malaya Dutta Borah and Laiphrakpam Dolendro Singh
    2021/939 ( PDF )
    OmniLytics: A Blockchain-based Secure Data Market for Decentralized Machine Learning
    Jiacheng Liang and Songze Li and Wensi Jiang and Bochuan Cao and Chaoyang He
    2021/938 ( PDF )
    Plactic signatures
    Daniel R. L. Brown
    2021/937 ( PDF )
    Storing data that is updated regularly on a client machine securely
    Artem Los
    2021/936 ( PDF )
    FIVER -- Robust Verification of Countermeasures against Fault Injections
    Jan Richter-Brockmann and Aein Rezaei Shahmirzadi and Pascal Sasdrich and Amir Moradi and Tim Güneysu
    2021/935 ( PDF )
    ROTed: Random Oblivious Transfer for embedded devices
    Pedro Branco and Luís Fiolhais and Manuel Goulão and Paulo Martins and Paulo Mateus and Leonel Sousa
    2021/934 ( PDF )
    ECLIPSE: Enhanced Compiling method for Pedersen-committed zkSNARK Engines
    Diego F. Aranha and Emil Madsen Bennedsen and Matteo Campanelli and Chaya Ganesh and Claudio Orlandi and Akira Takahashi
    2021/933 ( PDF )
    Fast Factoring Integers by SVP Algorithms, corrected
    Claus Peter Schnorr
    2021/932 ( PDF )
    Succinct Functional Commitment for a Large Class of Arithmetic Circuits
    Helger Lipmaa and Kateryna Pavlyk
    2021/931 ( PDF )
    Practical Key Recovery Attacks on FlexAEAD
    Orr Dunkelman and Maria Eichlseder and Daniel Kales and Nathan Keller and Gaëtan Leurent and Markus Schofnegger
    2021/930 ( PDF )
    Darlin: Recursive Proofs using Marlin
    Ulrich Haböck and Alberto Garoffolo and Daniele Di Benedetto
    2021/929 ( PDF )
    A polynomial time key-recovery attack on the Sidon cryptosystem
    Pierre Briaud and Jean-Pierre Tillich and Javier Verbel
    2021/928 ( PDF )
    Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for Galois NFSRs Equivalent to Fibonacci Ones and Their Application to the Stream Cipher Trivium
    Jianghua Zhong and Yingyin Pan and Wenhui Kong and Dongdai Lin
    2021/927 ( PDF )
    A New Simple Technique to Bootstrap Various Lattice Zero-Knowledge Proofs to QROM Secure NIZKs
    Shuichi Katsumata
    2021/926 ( PDF )
    On Treewidth, Separators and Yao's Garbling
    Chethan Kamath and Karen Klein and Krzysztof Pietrzak
    2021/925 ( PDF )
    Bilinear Map Based One-Time Signature Scheme with Secret Key Exposure
    Marten van Dijk and Deniz Gurevin and Chenglu Jin and Omer Khan and Phuong Ha Nguyen
    2021/924 ( PDF )
    On Removing Rejection Conditions in Practical Lattice-Based Signatures
    Rouzbeh Behnia and Yilei Chen and Daniel Masny
    2021/923 ( PDF )
    On the (in)security of ElGamal in OpenPGP
    Luca De Feo and Bertram Poettering and Alessandro Sorniotti
    2021/922 ( -- withdrawn -- )
    Provably Secure Short Signature Scheme from Isogeny between Elliptic Curves
    Kunal Dey and Sumit Kumar Debnath
    2021/921 ( PDF )
    Semilinear transformations in coding theory and their application to cryptography
    Wenshuo Guo and Fang-Wei Fu
    2021/920 ( PDF )
    Non-malleable Commitments against Quantum Attacks
    Nir Bitansky and Huijia Lin and Omri Shmueli
    2021/919 ( PDF )
    The supersingular isogeny path and endomorphism ring problems are equivalent
    Benjamin Wesolowski
    2021/918 ( PDF )
    The Round Complexity of Quantum Zero-Knowledge
    Orestis Chardouvelis and Giulio Malavolta
    2021/917 ( PDF )
    CODBS: A cascading oblivious search protocol optimized for real-world relational database indexes
    Rogério Pontes and Bernardo Portela and Manuel Barbosa and Ricardo Vilaça
    2021/916 ( PDF )
    Mithril: Stake-based Threshold Multisignatures
    Pyrros Chaidos and Aggelos Kiayias
    2021/915 ( PDF )
    A PCP Theorem for Interactive Proofs and Applications
    Gal Arnon and Alessandro Chiesa and Eylon Yogev
    2021/914 ( PDF )
    Principal Component Analysis using CKKS Homomorphic Encryption Scheme
    Samanvaya Panda
    2021/913 ( PDF )
    Practical complexities of probabilistic algorithms for solving Boolean polynomial systems
    Stefano Barbero and Emanuele Bellini and Carlo Sanna and Javier Verbel
    2021/912 ( PDF )
    On the looseness of FO derandomization
    Daniel J. Bernstein
    2021/911 ( PDF )
    SoK: Understanding BFT Consensus in the Age of Blockchains
    Gang Wang
    2021/910 ( PDF )
    SECDSA: Mobile signing and authentication under classical ``sole control''
    Eric Verheul
    2021/909 ( PDF )
    Efficiency through Diversity in Ensemble Models applied to Side-Channel Attacks – A Case Study on Public-Key Algorithms –
    Gabriel Zaid and Lilian Bossuet and Amaury Habrard and Alexandre Venelli
    2021/908 ( PDF )
    Selection of sampling keys for cryptographic tests
    George Marinakis
    2021/907 ( PDF )
    zkKYC: A solution concept for KYC without knowing your customer, leveraging self-sovereign identity and zero-knowledge proofs
    Pieter Pauwels
    2021/906 ( PDF )
    Two Public-Key Cryptosystems Based on Expanded Gabidulin Codes
    Wenshuo Guo and Fang-Wei Fu
    2021/905 ( PDF )
    A Tale of Two Boards: On the Influence of Microarchitecture on Side-Channel Leakage
    Vipul Arora and Ileana Buhan and Guilherme Perin and Stjepan Picek
    2021/904 ( PDF )
    Spatial Dependency Analysis to Extract Information from Side-Channel Mixtures
    Aurélien Vasselle and Hugues Thiebeauld and Philippe Maurine
    2021/903 ( PDF )
    Nowhere to Leak: Forward and Backward Private Symmetric Searchable Encryption in the Multi-Client Setting (Extended Version)
    Alexandros Bakas and Antonis Michalas
    2021/902 ( PDF )
    Breaking Masked and Shuffled CCA Secure Saber KEM by Power Analysis
    Kalle Ngo and Elena Dubrova and Thomas Johansson
    2021/901 ( PDF )
    Resolvable Block Designs in Construction of Approximate Real MUBs that are Sparse
    Ajeet Kumar and Subhamoy Maitra
    2021/900 ( PDF )
    ANS-based Compression and Encryption with 128-bit Security
    Seyit Camtepe and Jarek Duda and Arash Mahboubi and Pawel Morawiecki and Surya Nepal and Marcin Pawlowski and Josef Pieprzyk
    2021/899 ( PDF )
    Homomorphic decryption in blockchains via compressed discrete-log lookup tables
    Panagiotis Chatzigiannis and Konstantinos Chalkias and Valeria Nikolaenko
    2021/898 ( PDF )
    On Extremal Expanding Algebraic Graphs and post-quantum secure delivery of passwords, encryption maps and tools for multivariate digital signatures.
    Vasyl Ustimenko
    2021/897 ( PDF )
    A Rational Protocol Treatment of 51% Attacks
    Christian Badertscher and Yun Lu and Vassilis Zikas
    2021/896 ( PDF )
    Rebuttal to claims in Section 2.1 of the ePrint report 2021/583 "Entropoid-based cryptography is group exponentiation in disguise"
    Danilo Gligoroski
    2021/895 ( PDF )
    Targeted Lossy Functions and Applications
    Willy Quach and Brent Waters and Daniel Wichs
    2021/894 ( PDF )
    History of Cryptographic Key Sizes
    Nigel P. Smart and Emmanuel Thome
    2021/893 ( PDF )
    DEMO: AirCollect: Efficiently Recovering Hashed Phone Numbers Leaked via Apple AirDrop
    Alexander Heinrich and Matthias Hollick and Thomas Schneider and Milan Stute and Christian Weinert
    2021/892 ( PDF )
    Low-Latency Keccak at any Arbitrary Order
    Sara Zarei and Aein Rezaei Shahmirzadi and Hadi Soleimany and Raziye Salarifard and Amir Moradi
    2021/891 ( PDF )
    White Box Traitor Tracing
    Mark Zhandry
    2021/890 ( PDF )
    A Note on One-way Functions and Sparse Languages
    Yanyi Liu and Rafael Pass
    2021/889 ( PDF )
    Counterexamples to New Circular Security Assumptions Underlying iO
    Sam Hopkins and Aayush Jain and Huijia Lin
    2021/888 ( PDF )
    Lifting Standard Model Reductions to Common Setup Assumptions
    Ngoc Khanh Nguyen and Eftychios Theodorakis and Bogdan Warinschi
    2021/887 ( PDF )
    Authenticated Key Exchange Protocol in the Standard Model under Weaker Assumptions
    Janaka Alawatugoda and Taechan Kim
    2021/886 ( PDF )
    Computational Records with Aging Hardware: Controlling Half the Output of SHA-256
    Mellila Bouam and Charles Bouillaguet and Claire Delaplace and Camille Noûs
    2021/885 ( PDF )
    MPC-Friendly Symmetric Cryptography from Alternating Moduli: Candidates, Protocols, and Applications
    Itai Dinur and Steven Goldfeder and Tzipora Halevi and Yuval Ishai and Mahimna Kelkar and Vivek Sharma and Greg Zaverucha
    2021/884 ( PDF )
    Blockchain Layer Zero: Characterizing the Bitcoin Network through Measurements, Models, and Simulations
    Elias Rohrer and Florian Tschorsch
    2021/883 ( PDF )
    Oblivious Key-Value Stores and Amplification for Private Set Intersection
    Gayathri Garimella and Benny Pinkas and Mike Rosulek and Ni Trieu and Avishay Yanai
    2021/882 ( PDF )
    Computational Hardness of Optimal FairComputation: Beyond Minicrypt
    Hemanta K. Maji and Mingyuan Wang
    2021/881 ( PDF )
    Secure Code-Based Key Encapsulation Mechanism with Short Ciphertext and Secret Key
    Jayashree Dey and Ratna Dutta
    2021/880 ( PDF )
    Towards Tight Random Probing Security
    Gaëtan Cassiers and Sebastian Faust and Maximilian Orlt and François-Xavier Standaert
    2021/879 ( PDF )
    Leakage Perturbation is Not Enough: Breaking Structured Encryption Using Simulated Annealing
    Zichen Gui and Kenneth G. Paterson and Sikhar Patranabis
    2021/878 ( PDF )
    Programmable RO (PRO): A Multipurpose Countermeasure against Side-channel and Fault Injection Attacks
    Yuan Yao and Pantea Kiaei and Richa Singh and Shahin Tajik and Patrick Schaumont
    2021/877 ( PDF )
    A Fully Anonymous e-Voting Protocol Employing Universal zk-SNARKs and Smart Contracts
    Aritra Banerjee
    2021/876 ( PDF )
    Code Constructions and Bounds for Identification via Channels
    Onur Gunlu and Joerg Kliewer and Rafael F. Schaefer and Vladimir Sidorenko
    2021/875 ( PDF )
    Hybrid Signal protocol for post-quantum email encryption
    Sara Stadler and Vitor Sakaguti and Harjot Kaur and Anna Lena Fehlhaber
    2021/874 ( PDF )
    Chosen-ciphertext Clustering Attack on CRYSTALS-KYBER using the Side-channel Leakage of Barrett Reduction
    Bo-Yeon Sim and Aesun Park and Dong-Guk Han
    2021/873 ( PDF )
    KHAPE: Asymmetric PAKE from Key-Hiding Key Exchange
    Yanqi Gu and Stanislaw Jarecki and Hugo Krawczyk
    2021/872 ( PDF )
    W-OTS(+) up my Sleeve! A Hidden Secure Fallback for Cryptocurrency Wallets
    David Chaum and Mario Larangeira and Mario Yaksetig and William Carter
    2021/871 ( PDF )
    Traceable Secret Sharing and Applications
    Vipul Goyal and Yifan Song and Akshayaram Srinivasan
    2021/870 ( PDF )
    SoK: Gröbner Basis Algorithms for Arithmetization Oriented Ciphers
    Jan Ferdinand Sauer and Alan Szepieniec
    2021/869 ( PDF )
    MiniLedger: Compact-sized Anonymous and Auditable Distributed Payments
    Panagiotis Chatzigiannis and Foteini Baldimtsi
    2021/868 ( PDF )
    Low-Latency Hardware Masking of PRINCE
    Nicolai Müller and Thorben Moos and Amir Moradi
    2021/867 ( PDF )
    Key-Policy ABE with Delegation of Rights
    Cécile Delerablée and Lénaïck Gouriou and David Pointcheval
    2021/866 ( PDF )
    The One-More Discrete Logarithm Assumption in the Generic Group Model
    Balthazar Bauer and Georg Fuchsbauer and Antoine Plouviez
    2021/865 ( PDF )
    Quantum Key Search for Ternary LWE
    Iggy van Hoof and Elena Kirshanova and Alexander May
    2021/864 ( PDF )
    A Fast and Simple Partially Oblivious PRF, with Applications
    Nirvan Tyagi and Sofı́a Celi and Thomas Ristenpart and Nick Sullivan and Stefano Tessaro and Christopher A. Wood
    2021/863 ( PDF )
    Authenticated Key Exchange and Signatures with Tight Security in the Standard Model
    Shuai Han and Tibor Jager and Eike Kiltz and Shengli Liu and Jiaxin Pan and Doreen Riepel and Sven Schäge
    2021/862 ( PDF )
    Receiver-Anonymity in Rerandomizable RCCA-Secure Cryptosystems Resolved
    Yi Wang and Rongmao Chen and Guomin Yang and Xinyi Huang and Baosheng Wang and Moti Yung
    2021/861 ( PDF )
    Standard Model Leakage-Resilient Authenticated Key Exchange using Inner-product Extractors
    Janaka Alawatugoda and Tatsuaki Okamoto
    2021/860 ( PDF )
    Verification of the security in Boolean masked circuits
    Vahid Jahandideh
    2021/859 ( PDF )
    Concrete Evaluation of the Random Probing Security
    Vahid Jahandideh
    2021/858 ( PDF )
    Full key recovery side-channel attack against ephemeral SIKE on the Cortex-M4
    Aymeric Genêt and Natacha Linard de Guertechin and Novak Kaluđerović
    2021/857 ( PDF )
    Secure Computation for G-Module and its Applications
    Qizhi Zhang and Bingsheng Zhang and Lichun Li and Shan Yin and Juanjuan Sun
    2021/856 ( PDF )
    Key Guessing Strategies for Linear Key-Schedule Algorithms in Rectangle Attacks
    Xiaoyang Dong and Lingyue Qin and Siwei Sun and Xiaoyun Wang
    2021/855 ( PDF )
    Donner: UTXO-Based Virtual Channels Across Multiple Hops
    Lukas Aumayr and Pedro Moreno-Sanchez and Aniket Kate and Matteo Maffei
    2021/854 ( PDF )
    PQC: R-Propping of a Simple Oblivious Transfer
    Pedro Hecht
    2021/853 ( PDF )
    Private Signaling
    Varun Madathil and Alessandra Scafuro and István András Seres and Omer Shlomovits and Denis Varlakov
    2021/852 ( PDF )
    Improved Structured Encryption for SQL Databases via Hybrid Indexing
    David Cash and Ruth Ng and Adam Rivkin
    2021/851 ( PDF )
    Multiple Candidates Coercion-Resistant Blockchain-Based E-Voting Protocol With Receipts
    Riccardo Longo and Chiara Spadafora
    2021/850 ( PDF )
    Resistance of Isogeny-Based Cryptographic Implementations to a Fault Attack
    Élise Tasso and Luca De Feo and Nadia El Mrabet and and Simon Pontié
    2021/849 ( PDF )
    Curse of Re-encryption: A Generic Power/EM Analysis on Post-Quantum KEMs
    Rei Ueno and Keita Xagawa and Yutaro Tanaka and Akira Ito and Junko Takahashi and Naofumi Homma
    2021/848 ( PDF )
    Functional Encryption for Turing Machines with Dynamic Bounded Collusion from LWE
    Shweta Agrawal and Monosij Maitra and Narasimha Sai Vempati and Shota Yamada
    2021/847 ( PDF )
    Dynamic Collusion Bounded Functional Encryption from Identity-Based Encryption
    Rachit Garg and Rishab Goyal and George Lu and Brent Waters
    2021/846 ( PDF )
    Ergo Hackathon: Crowdfunded Smart Contract Pools Research and Conceptualization
    Bronson Brooks Richard and Gary Waugh
    2021/845 ( PDF )
    An Intermediate Secret-Guessing Attack on Hash-Based Signatures
    Roland Booth and Yanhong Xu and Sabyasachi Karati and Reihaneh Safavi-Naini
    2021/844 ( PDF )
    A note on IND-qCCA security in the ROM and its applications
    Loïs Huguenin-Dumittan and Serge Vaudenay
    2021/843 ( PDF )
    Environmentally Friendly Composable Multi-Party Computation in the Plain Model from Standard (Timed) Assumptions
    Brandon Broadnax and Jeremias Mechler and Jörn Müller-Quade
    2021/842 ( PDF )
    PCPs and Instance Compression from a Cryptographic Lens
    Liron Bronfman and Ron D. Rothblum
    2021/841 ( PDF )
    MPC for $Q_2$ Access Structures over Rings and Fields
    Robin Jadoul and Nigel P. Smart and Barry Van Leeuwen
    2021/840 ( PDF )
    Fault-Injection Attacks against NIST's Post-Quantum Cryptography Round 3 KEM Candidates
    Keita Xagawa and Akira Ito and Rei Ueno and Junko Takahashi and Naofumi Homma
    2021/839 ( PDF )
    Prudent Practices in Security Standardization
    Feng Hao
    2021/838 ( PDF )
    Anonymous and Distributed Authentication for Peer-to-Peer Networks
    Pasan Tennakoon and Supipi Karunathilaka and Rishikeshan Lavakumar and Janaka Alawatugoda
    2021/837 ( PDF )
    On McEliece type cryptosystems using self-dual codes with large minimum weight
    Luca Mariot and Stjepan Picek and Radinka Yorgova
    2021/836 ( PDF )
    Towards a Unified Approach to Black-Box Constructions of Zero-Knowledge Proofs
    Xiao Liang and Omkant Pandey
    2021/835 ( PDF )
    Practical, Label Private Deep Learning Training based on Secure Multiparty Computation and Differential Privacy
    Sen Yuan and Milan Shen and Ilya Mironov and Anderson C. A. Nascimento
    2021/834 ( PDF )
    Unconditional Communication-Efficient MPC via Hall's Marriage Theorem
    Vipul Goyal and Antigoni Polychroniadou and Yifan Song
    2021/833 ( PDF )
    ATLAS: Efficient and Scalable MPC in the Honest Majority Setting
    Vipul Goyal and Hanjun Li and Rafail Ostrovsky and Antigoni Polychroniadou and Yifan Song
    2021/832 ( PDF )
    On the Efficiency and Flexibility of Signature Verification
    Cecilia Boschini and Dario Fiore and Elena Pagnin
    2021/831 ( PDF )
    Private Remote Sources for Secure Multi-Function Computation
    Onur Gunlu and Matthieu Bloch and Rafael F. Schaefer
    2021/830 ( PDF )
    Analysis and Protection of the Two-metric Helper Data Scheme
    Lars Tebelmann and Ulrich Kühne and Jean-Luc Danger and Michael Pehl
    2021/829 ( PDF )
    To Shift or Not to Shift: Understanding GEA-1
    Christof Beierle and Patrick Felke and Gregor Leander
    2021/828 ( PDF )
    Row, Row, Row Your Boat: How to Not Find Weak Keys in Pilsung
    Chitchanok Chuengsatiansup and Eyal Ronen and Gregory G. Rose and Yuval Yarom
    2021/827 ( PDF )
    TransNet: Shift Invariant Transformer Network for Power Attack
    Suvadeep Hajra and Sayandeep Saha and Manaar Alam and Debdeep Mukhopadhyay
    2021/826 ( PDF )
    OpenSSLNTRU: Faster post-quantum TLS key exchange
    Daniel J. Bernstein and Billy Bob Brumley and Ming-Shing Chen and Nicola Tuveri
    2021/825 ( PDF )
    Balancing Quality and Efficiency in Private Clustering with Affinity Propagation
    Hannah Keller and Helen Möllering and Thomas Schneider and Hossein Yalame
    2021/824 ( PDF )
    Security Characterization of J-PAKE and its Variants
    Michel Abdalla and Manuel Barbosa and Peter B. Rønne and Peter Y.A. Ryan and Petra Šala
    2021/823 ( PDF )
    GPU-accelerated PIR with Client-Independent Preprocessing for Large-Scale Applications
    Daniel Günther and Maurice Heymann and Benny Pinkas and Thomas Schneider
    2021/822 ( PDF )
    One-out-of-$q$ OT Combiners
    Oriol Farràs and Jordi Ribes-González
    2021/821 ( PDF )
    On the hardness of the NTRU problem
    Alice Pellet-Mary and Damien Stehlé
    2021/820 ( PDF )
    Further Improving Differential-Linear Attacks: Applications to Chaskey and Serpent
    Marek Broll and Federico Canale and Nicolas David and Antonio Florez-Gutierrez and Gregor Leander and María Naya-Plasencia and Yosuke Todo
    2021/819 ( PDF )
    Cryptanalysis of the GPRS Encryption Algorithms GEA-1 and GEA-2
    Christof Beierle and Patrick Derbez and Gregor Leander and Gaëtan Leurent and Håvard Raddum and Yann Rotella and David Rupprecht and Lukas Stennes
    2021/818 ( PDF )
    CTng: Secure Certificate and Revocation Transparency
    Hemi Leibowitz and Haitham Ghalwash and Ewa Syta and Amir Herzberg
    2021/817 ( PDF )
    Give Me 5 Minutes: Attacking ASCAD with a Single Side-Channel Trace
    Olivier Bronchain and Gaëtan Cassiers and François-Xavier Standaert
    2021/816 ( PDF )
    Privacy-Preserving Approximate k-Nearest-Neighbors Search that Hides Access, Query and Volume Patterns
    Alexandra Boldyreva and Tianxin Tang
    2021/815 ( PDF )
    Linear Cryptanalysis of FF3-1 and FEA
    Tim Beyne
    2021/814 ( PDF )
    A New Way to Achieve Round-Efficient Byzantine Agreement
    Matthias Fitzi and Chen-Da Liu-Zhang and Julian Loss
    2021/813 ( PDF )
    Intelligent Composed Algorithms
    Frank Byszio and Dr. Klaus-Dieter Wirth and Dr. Kim Nguyen
    2021/812 ( PDF )
    TOPPool: Time-aware Optimized Privacy-Preserving Ridesharing
    Elena Pagnin and Gunnar Gunnarsson and Pedram Talebi and Claudio Orlandi and Andrei Sabelfeld:
    2021/811 ( PDF )
    A General Purpose Transpiler for Fully Homomorphic Encryption
    Shruthi Gorantala and Rob Springer and Sean Purser-Haskell and William Lam and Royce Wilson and Asra Ali and Eric P. Astor and Itai Zukerman and Sam Ruth and Christoph Dibak and Phillipp Schoppmann and Sasha Kulankhina and Alain Forget and David Marn and Cameron Tew and Rafael Misoczki and Bernat Guillen and Xinyu Ye and Dennis Kraft and Damien Desfontaines and Aishe Krishnamurthy and Miguel Guevara and Irippuge Milinda Perera and Yurii Sushko and Bryant Gipson
    2021/810 ( PDF )
    Efficient Asynchronous Byzantine Agreement without Private Setups
    Yingzi Gao and Yuan Lu and Zhenliang Lu and Qiang Tang and Jing Xu and Zhenfeng Zhang
    2021/809 ( PDF )
    SoK: Efficient Privacy-preserving Clustering
    Aditya Hegde and Helen Möllering and Thomas Schneider and Hossein Yalame
    2021/808 ( PDF )
    SNARGs for $\mathcal{P}$ from LWE
    Arka Rai Choudhuri and Abhishek Jain and Zhengzhong Jin
    2021/807 ( PDF )
    Non-Interactive Batch Arguments for NP from Standard Assumptions
    Arka Rai Choudhuri and Abhishek Jain and Zhengzhong Jin
    2021/806 ( PDF )
    Boosting the Security of Blind Signature Schemes
    Jonathan Katz and Julian Loss and Michael Rosenberg
    2021/805 ( PDF )
    Practical Settlement Bounds for Proof-of-Work Blockchains
    Peter Gaži and Ling Ren and Alexander Russell
    2021/804 ( PDF )
    A Note on ``Reduction Modulo $2^{448}-2^{224}-1$''
    Timothy Shelton
    2021/803 ( PDF )
    On the Privacy of Protocols based on CPA-Secure Homomorphic Encryption
    Adi Akavia and Margarita Vald
    2021/802 ( PDF )
    On Secret Sharing, Randomness, and Random-less Reductions for Secret Sharing
    Divesh Aggarwal and Eldon Chung and Maciej Obremski and João Ribeiro
    2021/801 ( PDF )
    Memory-Hard Puzzles in the Standard Model with Applications to Memory-Hard Functions and Resource-Bounded Locally Decodable Codes
    Mohammad Hassan Ameri and Alexander R. Block and Jeremiah Blocki
    2021/800 ( PDF )
    TEMP: Time-locked Encryption Made Practical
    Leemon Baird and Pratyay Mukherjee and Rohit Sinha
    2021/799 ( PDF )
    Lattice Attacks on NTRU and LWE: A History of Refinements
    Martin Albrecht and Léo Ducas
    2021/798 ( PDF )
    Probabilistic Dynamic Input Output Automata
    Pierre Civit and Maria Potop-Butucaru
    2021/797 ( PDF )
    LLVM-based Circuit Compilation for Practical Secure Computation
    Tim Heldmann and Thomas Schneider and Oleksandr Tkachenko and Christian Weinert and Hossein Yalame
    2021/796 ( PDF )
    How Byzantine is a Send Corruption?
    Karim Eldefrawy and Julian Loss and Ben Terner
    2021/795 ( PDF )
    Transforming Secure Comparison Protocol from Passive to Active Adversary Model
    Wei Jiang
    2021/794 ( PDF )
    Reverse Engineering the Micro-Architectural Leakage Features of a Commercial Processor
    Si Gao and Elisabeth Oswald and Dan Page
    2021/793 ( PDF )
    Property-Preserving Hash Functions from Standard Assumptions
    Nils Fleischhacker and Kasper Green Larsen and Mark Simkin
    2021/792 ( PDF )
    Pseudo-Random Walk on Ideals: Practical Speed-Up in Relation Collection for Class Group Computation
    Madhurima Mukhopadhyay and Palash Sarkar
    2021/791 ( PDF )
    Open Sesame: A Novel Non-SAT-Attack against CAS-Lock
    Akashdeep Saha and Urbi Chatterjee and Debdeep Mukhopadhyay and Rajat Subhra Chakraborty
    2021/790 ( PDF )
    A Side-Channel Assisted Attack on NTRU
    Amund Askeland and Sondre Rønjom
    2021/789 ( PDF )
    P2DPI: Practical and Privacy-Preserving Deep Packet Inspection
    Jongkil Kim and Seyit Camtepe and Joonsang Baek and Willy Susilo and Josef Pieprzyk and Surya Nepal
    2021/788 ( PDF )
    Somewhere Statistical Soundness, Post-Quantum Security, and SNARGs
    Yael Tauman Kalai and Vinod Vaikuntanathan and Rachel Yun Zhang
    2021/787 ( PDF )
    Mobile Voting -- Still Too Risky?
    Sven Heiberg and Kristjan Krips and Jan Willemson
    2021/786 ( PDF )
    Volume-Hiding Dynamic Searchable Symmetric Encryption with Forward and Backward Privacy
    Yongjun Zhao and Huaxiong Wang and Kwok-Yan Lam
    2021/785 ( PDF )
    Lower bounds on lattice sieving and information set decoding
    Elena Kirshanova and Thijs Laarhoven
    2021/784 ( PDF )
    Analysis and Recommendations for MAC and Key Lengths in Delayed Disclosure GNSS Authentication Protocols
    Ignacio Fernández-Hernández and Tomer Ashur and Vincent Rijmen
    2021/783 ( PDF )
    Privacy-Preserving Machine Learning with Fully Homomorphic Encryption for Deep Neural Network
    Joon-Woo Lee and HyungChul Kang and Yongwoo Lee and Woosuk Choi and Jieun Eom and Maxim Deryabin and Eunsang Lee and Junghyun Lee and Donghoon Yoo and Young-Sik Kim and Jong-Seon No
    2021/782 ( PDF )
    On the deployment of FlyClient as a velvet fork: chain-sewing attacks and countermeasures
    Tristan Nemoz and Alexei Zamyatin
    2021/781 ( PDF )
    Quantum-Resistant Security for Software Updates on Low-power Networked Embedded Devices
    Gustavo Banegas and Koen Zandberg and Adrian Herrmann and Emmanuel Baccelli and Benjamin Smith
    2021/780 ( PDF )
    Netlist Decompilation Workflow for Recovered Design Verification, Validation, and Assurance
    Katie Liszewski and Tim McDonley and Josh Delozier and Andrew Elliott and Dylan Jones and Matt Sutter and Adam Kimura
    2021/779 ( PDF )
    More efficient post-quantum KEMTLS with pre-distributed public keys
    Peter Schwabe and Douglas Stebila and Thom Wiggers
    2021/778 ( PDF )
    Efficient secret key reusing attribute-based encryption from lattices
    Xinyuan Qian and Wenyuan Wu
    2021/777 ( PDF )
    Asynchronous Data Dissemination and its Applications
    Sourav Das and Zhuolun Xiang and Ling Ren
    2021/776 ( PDF )
    SoK: Applying Blockchain Technology in Industrial Internet of Things
    Gang Wang
    2021/775 ( PDF )
    Adaptively Secure Broadcast in Resource-Restricted Cryptography
    Ran Cohen and Juan Garay and Vassilis Zikas
    2021/774 ( PDF )
    On Tight Quantum Security of HMAC and NMAC in the Quantum Random Oracle Model
    Akinori Hosoyamada and Tetsu Iwata
    2021/773 ( PDF )
    HEX-BLOOM: An Efficient Method for Authenticity and Integrity Verification in Privacy-preserving Computing
    Ripon Patgiri and Malaya Dutta Borah
    2021/772 ( PDF )
    Falcon Down: Breaking Falcon Post-Quantum Signature Scheme through Side-Channel Attacks
    Emre Karabulut and Aydin Aysu
    2021/771 ( PDF )
    Securing Secure Aggregation: Mitigating Multi-Round Privacy Leakage in Federated Learning
    Jinhyun So and Ramy E. Ali and Basak Guler and Jiantao Jiao and Salman Avestimehr
    2021/770 ( PDF )
    Multi-key Private Matching for Compute
    Prasad Buddhavarapu and Benjamin M Case and Logan Gore and Andrew Knox and Payman Mohassel and Shubho Sengupta and Erik Taubeneck and Min Xue
    2021/769 ( PDF )
    Post-quantum Asynchronous Deniable Key Exchange and the Signal Handshake
    Jacqueline Brendel and Rune Fiedler and Felix Günther and Christian Janson and Douglas Stebila
    2021/768 ( PDF )
    Privacy-Preserving Decision Trees Training and Prediction
    Adi Akavia and Max Leibovich and Yehezkel S. Resheff and Roey Ron and Moni Shahar and Margarita Vald
    2021/767 ( PDF )
    White-box Cryptography with Device Binding from Token-based Obfuscation and more
    Shashank Agrawal and Estuardo Alpirez Bock and Yilei Chen and Gaven Watson
    2021/766 ( PDF )
    Etherless Ethereum Tokens: Simulating Native Tokens in Ethereum
    John Andrews and Michele Ciampi and Vassilis Zikas
    2021/765 ( PDF )
    Dynamic Volume-Hiding Encrypted Multi-Maps with Applications to Searchable Encryption
    Ghous Amjad and Sarvar Patel and Giuseppe Persiano and Kevin Yeo and Moti Yung
    2021/764 ( PDF )
    Covert Learning: How to Learn with an Untrusted Intermediary
    Ran Canetti and Ari Karchmer
    2021/763 ( PDF )
    Fragment and Forge: Breaking Wi-Fi Through Frame Aggregation and Fragmentation
    Mathy Vanhoef
    2021/762 ( PDF )
    A wide class of Boolean functions generalizing the hidden weight bit function
    Claude Carlet
    2021/761 ( PDF )
    Parameterization of Boolean functions by vectorial functions and associated constructions
    Claude Carlet
    2021/760 ( PDF )
    Analysis of CryptoNote Transaction Graphs using the Dulmage-Mendelsohn Decomposition
    Saravanan Vijayakumaran
    2021/759 ( PDF )
    Cerebro: A Platform for Multi-Party Cryptographic Collaborative Learning
    Wenting Zheng and Ryan Deng and Weikeng Chen and Raluca Ada Popa and Aurojit Panda and Ion Stoica
    2021/758 ( PDF )
    Quantum cryptography based on an algorithm for determining simultaneously all the mappings of a Boolean function
    Koji Nagata and Renata Wong and Do Ngoc Diep and Tadao Nakamura
    2021/757 ( PDF )
    On the Dual of Generalized Bent Functions
    Jiaxin Wang Fang-Wei Fu
    2021/756 ( PDF )
    A Novel Completeness Test and its Application to Side Channel Attacks and Simulators
    Si Gao and Elisabeth Oswald
    2021/755 ( PDF )
    Tetrad: Actively Secure 4PC for Secure Training and Inference
    Nishat Koti and Arpita Patra and Rahul Rachuri and Ajith Suresh
    2021/754 ( PDF )
    Privacy-Preserving Training of Tree Ensembles over Continuous Data
    Samuel Adams and Chaitali Choudhary and Martine De Cock and Rafael Dowsley and David Melanson and Anderson C. A. Nascimento and Davis Railsback and Jianwei Shen
    2021/753 ( PDF )
    Anonymous Device Authorization for Cellular Networks
    Abida Haque and Varun Madathil and Bradley Reaves and Alessandra Scafuro
    2021/752 ( PDF )
    Quantum Reduction of Finding Short Code Vectors to the Decoding Problem
    Thomas Debris-Alazard and Maxime Remaud and Jean-Pierre Tillich
    2021/751 ( PDF )
    Grain-128AEADv2: Strengthening the Initialization Against Key Reconstruction
    Martin Hell and Thomas Johansson and Alexander Maximov and Willi Meier and Hirotaka Yoshida
    2021/750 ( PDF )
    Appenzeller to Brie: Efficient Zero-Knowledge Proofs for Mixed-Mode Arithmetic and $\mathbb{Z}_{2^k}$
    Carsten Baum and Lennart Braun and Alexander Munch-Hansen and Peter Scholl
    2021/749 ( PDF )
    Three Halves Make a Whole? Beating the Half-Gates Lower Bound for Garbled Circuits
    Mike Rosulek and Lawrence Roy
    2021/748 ( PDF )
    A Complete Characterization of Game-Theoretically Fair, Multi-Party Coin Toss
    Ke Wu and Gilad Asharov and Elaine Shi (random author ordering)
    2021/747 ( PDF )
    Elmo: Recursive Virtual Payment Channels for Bitcoin
    Aggelos Kiayias and Orfeas Stefanos Thyfronitis Litos
    2021/746 ( PDF )
    What is All the FaaS About? - Remote Exploitation of FPGA-as-a-Service Platforms
    Nitin Pundir and Fahim Rahman and Farimah Farahmandi and Mark Tehranipoor
    2021/745 ( PDF )
    Generic-Group Identity-Based Encryption: A Tight Impossibility Result
    Gili Schul-Ganz and Gil Segev
    2021/744 ( -- withdrawn -- )
    Proofs of Isogeny Knowledge and Application to Post-quantum One-Time Verifiable Random Function
    Antonin Leroux
    2021/743 ( PDF )
    Manta: a Plug and Play Private DeFi Stack
    Shumo Chu and Yu Xia and Zhenfei Zhang
    2021/742 ( PDF )
    Conclave: A Collective Stake Pool Protocol
    Dimitris Karakostas and Aggelos Kiayias and Mario Larangeira
    2021/741 ( PDF )
    NTRU leads to Anonymous, Robust Public-Key Encryption
    Keita Xagawa
    2021/740 ( PDF )
    The Boneh-Katz Transformation, Revisited: Pseudorandom/Obliviously-Samplable PKE from Lattices and Codes and Its Application
    Keita Xagawa
    2021/739 ( PDF )
    A New Framework for Garbled Circuits
    Tomer Ashur and Efrat Cohen and Carmit Hazay and Avishay Yanai
    2021/738 ( PDF )
    On the Impossibility of Purely Algebraic Signatures
    Nico Döttling and Dominik Hartmann and Dennis Hofheinz and Eike Kiltz and Sven Schäge and Bogdan Ursu
    2021/737 ( PDF )
    GIFT-COFB is Tightly Birthday Secure with Encryption Queries
    Akiko Inoue and Kazuhiko Minematsu
    2021/736 ( PDF )
    Adam in Private: Secure and Fast Training of Deep Neural Networks with Adaptive Moment Estimation
    Nuttapong Attrapadung and Koki Hamada and Dai Ikarashi and Ryo Kikuchi and Takahiro Matsuda and Ibuki Mishina and Hiraku Morita and Jacob C. N. Schuldt
    2021/735 ( PDF )
    Side-Channel Protections for Picnic Signatures
    Diego F. Aranha and Sebastian Berndt and Thomas Eisenbarth and Okan Seker and Akira Takahashi and Luca Wilke and Greg Zaverucha
    2021/734 ( PDF )
    First-Order Hardware Sharings of the AES
    Siemen Dhooghe and Svetla Nikova and Vincent Rijmen
    2021/733 ( PDF )
    GenoPPML – a framework for genomic privacy-preserving machine learning
    Sergiu Carpov and Nicolas Gama and Mariya Georgieva and Dimitar Jetchev
    2021/732 ( PDF )
    Preimage Attacks on 4-round Keccak by Solving Multivariate Quadratic Systems
    Congming Wei and Chenhao Wu and Ximing Fu and Xiaoyang Dong and Kai He and Jue Hong and Xiaoyun Wang
    2021/731 ( PDF )
    Pasta: A Case for Hybrid Homomorphic Encryption
    Christoph Dobraunig and Lorenzo Grassi and Lukas Helminger and Christian Rechberger and Markus Schofnegger and Roman Walch
    2021/730 ( PDF )
    Mystique: Efficient Conversions for Zero-Knowledge Proofs with Applications to Machine Learning
    Chenkai Weng and Kang Yang and Xiang Xie and Jonathan Katz and Xiao Wang
    2021/729 ( PDF )
    Improved Programmable Bootstrapping with Larger Precision and Efficient Arithmetic Circuits for TFHE
    Ilaria Chillotti and Damien Ligier and Jean-Baptiste Orfila and Samuel Tap
    2021/728 ( PDF )
    Laconic Private Set Intersection and Applications
    Navid Alamati and Pedro Branco and Nico Döttling and Sanjam Garg and Mohammad Hajiabadi and Sihang Pu
    2021/727 ( PDF )
    SoK: Privacy-Preserving Computing in the Blockchain Era
    Ghada Almashaqbeh and Ravital Solomon
    2021/726 ( PDF )
    Asymmetric All-or-nothing Transforms
    Navid Nasr Esfahani and Douglas R. Stinson
    2021/725 ( PDF )
    KEMTLS with Delayed Forward Identity Protection in (Almost) a Single Round Trip
    Felix Günther and Simon Rastikian and Patrick Towa and Thom Wiggers
    2021/724 ( PDF )
    Tri-op redactable blockchains with block modification, removal, and insertion
    Mohammad Sadeq Dousti and Alptekin Küpçü
    2021/723 ( PDF )
    Cache attack on MISTY1
    Haopeng Fan; Wenhao Wang; Yongjuan Wang; Wenyu Zhang; Qingjun Yuan
    2021/722 ( PDF )
    Chosen Ciphertext Secure Keyed Two-Level Homomorphic Encryption
    Yusaku Maeda and Koji Nuida
    2021/721 ( PDF )
    Index Calculus Attacks on Hyperelliptic Jacobians with Effective Endomorphisms
    Sulamithe Tsakou and Sorina Ionica
    2021/720 ( PDF )
    On Reverse Engineering Neural Network Implementation on GPU
    Łukasz Chmielewski and Léo Weissbart
    2021/719 ( PDF )
    Conditional Differential-Neural Cryptanalysis
    Zhenzhen Bao and Jian Guo and Meicheng Liu and Li Ma and Yi Tu
    2021/718 ( PDF )
    Will You Cross the Threshold for Me? - Generic Side-Channel Assisted Chosen-Ciphertext Attacks on NTRU-based KEMs
    Prasanna Ravi and Martianus Frederic Ezerman and Shivam Bhasin and Anupam Chattopadhyay and Sujoy Sinha Roy
    2021/717 ( PDF )
    Explain Some Noise: Ablation Analysis for Deep Learning-based Physical Side-channel Analysis
    Lichao Wu and Yoo-Seung Won and Dirmanto Jap and Guilherme Perin and Shivam Bhasin and Stjepan Picek
    2021/716 ( PDF )
    SSE and SSD: Page-Efficient Searchable Symmetric Encryption
    Angèle Bossuat and Raphael Bost and Pierre-Alain Fouque and Brice Minaud and Michael Reichle
    2021/715 ( PDF )
    Hours of Horus: Keyless Cryptocurrency Wallets
    Dionysis Zindros
    2021/714 ( PDF )
    CARiMoL: A Configurable Hardware Accelerator for Ringand Module Lattice-Based Post-Quantum Cryptography
    Afifa Ishtiaq and Dr. Muhammad Shafique and Dr. Osman Hassan
    2021/713 ( PDF )
    Public Key Encryption with Flexible Pattern Matching
    Elie Bouscatié and Guilhem Castagnos and Olivier Sanders
    2021/712 ( PDF )
    DEFAULT: Cipher Level Resistance Against Differential Fault Attack
    Anubhab Baksi and Shivam Bhasin and Jakub Breier and Mustafa Khairallah and Thomas Peyrin and Sumanta Sarkar and Siang Meng Sim
    2021/711 ( PDF )
    The Matrix Reloaded: Multiplication Strategies in FrodoKEM
    Joppe W. Bos and Maximilian Ofner and Joost Renes and Tobias Schneider and Christine van Vredendaal
    2021/710 ( PDF )
    VOProof: Constructing Shorter and Faster-to-Verify zkSNARKs with Vector Oracles
    Yuncong Zhang and Ren Zhang and Geng Wang and Dawu Gu
    2021/709 ( PDF )
    Bounded Collusion ABE for TMs from IBE
    Rishab Goyal and Ridwan Syed and Brent Waters
    2021/708 ( PDF )
    Anonymous, Robust Post-Quantum Public Key Encryption
    Paul Grubbs and Varun Maram and Kenneth G. Paterson
    2021/707 ( PDF )
    Lattice Enumeration for Tower NFS: a 521-bit Discrete Logarithm Computation
    Gabrielle De Micheli and Pierrick Gaudry and Cécile Pierrot
    2021/706 ( PDF )
    Cryptanalysis of an oblivious PRF from supersingular isogenies
    Andrea Basso and Péter Kutas and Simon-Philipp Merz and Christophe Petit and Antonio Sanso
    2021/705 ( PDF )
    Bridging Machine Learning and Cryptanalysis via EDLCT
    Yi Chen and Hongbo Yu
    2021/704 ( PDF )
    IBM Digital Health Pass Whitepaper: A Privacy-Respectful Platform for Proving Health Status
    Elli Androulaki and Ilie Circiumaru and Jesus Diaz Vico and Miguel Prada and Alessandro Sorniotti and Marc Stoecklin and Marko Vukolic and Marie Wallace
    2021/703 ( PDF )
    Quantum Multi-Collision Distinguishers
    Zhenzhen Bao and Jian Guo and Shun Li and Phuong Pham
    2021/702 ( PDF )
    Symmetric Key Exchange with Full Forward Security and Robust Synchronization
    Colin Boyd and Gareth T. Davies and Bor de Kock and Kai Gellert and Tibor Jager and Lise Millerjord
    2021/701 ( PDF )
    Multidimentional ModDiv public key exchange protocol
    Samir Bouftass
    2021/700 ( PDF )
    DeCSIDH: Delegating isogeny computations in the CSIDH setting
    Robi Pedersen
    2021/699 ( PDF )
    Radical Isogenies on Montgomery Curves
    Hiroshi Onuki and Tomoki Moriya
    2021/698 ( PDF )
    Multi-Dimensional Sub/Super-Range Signatures
    Masahito Ishizaka and Shinsaku Kiyomoto
    2021/697 ( PDF )
    GoAT: File Geolocation via Anchor Timestamping
    Deepak Maram and Iddo Bentov and Mahimna Kelkar and Ari Juels
    2021/696 ( PDF )
    The "quantum annoying" property of password-authenticated key exchange protocols
    Edward Eaton and Douglas Stebila
    2021/695 ( PDF )
    Adaptively Secure Lattice-based Revocable IBE in the QROM: Compact Parameters, Tight Security, and Anonymity
    Atsushi Takayasu
    2021/694 ( PDF )
    On Interactive Oracle Proofs for Boolean R1CS Statements
    Ignacio Cascudo and Emanuele Giunta
    2021/693
    Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

    In 2020, after being independently acquired by a group of the industry’s best design minds, PRINT launched its first significant website redesign in a decade, and returned to the design scene to provide more inspiration, design thinking in action, thoughtful longreads, and eye candy galore than ever before.

    We also took stock of our signature annual competition—the Regional Design Awards—and decided it was time to bring it into the present like never before.

    When it launched in 1980, the competition had a singular goal: to show that great design was being created in cities all across the United States, and not just in the usual hubs like New York City. The democratization of the internet has only further brought that concept to powerful life, and so it was time to formally embrace the fact that no matter where a designer lives or works, the best design rises to the top.

    Moreover, we were missing out on a lot of brilliant design by restricting the competition to the United States—so we did what often needs to be done in design. We completely overhauled the system, and created something new. Something modern, inclusive, and reflective of a scene that is truly global.

    Meet the 2020 PRINT Awards, presented by Adobe—a collection of the world’s best design, broken down across 20 categories, and featuring not just six regional judges, but a broad international jury of 21 luminaries of contemporary design, all with deep subject matter expertise in their categories. Their criteria? Originality, Innovation, Permanence, and Execution.

    We of course have a show-stopping Best of Show winner, but we also created four all-new designations: Agency of the Year (the highest-rated agency, studio or in-house brand in the entire competition, determined by the largest amount of total wins across various categories), Editor’s Choice (a piece selected by the internal PRINT team), the Citizen Design Award (a free-to-enter category focused on outstanding original design for a social cause) and the Adobe Dimension Design Award (a free-to-enter category from our presenting sponsor, celebrating work created using Creative Cloud software, and highlighting the use of Adobe Dimension and 3D).

    All told, we received more than 1,300 entries from 57 countries—and the awesomeness of our judges’ selections have left us floored, and fully inspired as we roll into 2021.

    As PRINT editorial director Debbie Millman said, “This year’s entries surprised us with their depth, breadth and overall excellent quality. It was a thrill to see the work.”

    Here, we share the winners of the 2020 PRINT Awards—and hope you find that same thrill and inspiration.

    Eyes Say More Than Words

    By: Design Army

    USA

    Our world is louder than ever before, so we imagined a place where eyes say more than words. Set in the “Quietest Library on Earth” (a temple of hush), the film focuses on a tyrannical “Quiet Guard” who punishes patrons for the slightest sound, sneeze or gesture. But a plot to overthrow—hatched only through conversing eyes (and super stylish frames)—sparks The Silent Revolution against the overly sound-sensitive tyrant. We took visual cues from eccentric 1970s style, specifically high school yearbooks: employing quirky prints, big hair, bigger glasses. Speak Less. Say More.


    Editor’s Note: We developed our Agency of the Year award to recognize the highest-rated agency, studio or in-house brand with the most wins across all categories in the entire competition. In the regular categories of the inaugural PRINT Awards, we had a tie: Design Army, with wins in the Brochures/Catalogs, Editorial, Handlettering & Type Design and Photography categories, and One Design Company with two wins in the Logos category and two wins in the Handlettering & Type Design category. We offer them both our congratulations!

    Design Army

    USA

    One Design Company

    USA


    Louisville Magazine—No Justice, No Peace

    By: Sarah Flood-Baumann Design

    USA

    In the throws of the Breonna Taylor protests, Louisville Magazine published an editorial package that highlighted a conversation with the city's Black leaders and also featured two protest-centric photo essays. My job as a designer was to bring the image words to the page with reverence and seriousness. Using Martin typeface from Vocal Type Co., and photographs from Andrew Censi and Mickie Winters, my work was thoughtful in its loudness, boldness and it was unapologetic in its frustration with the systemic racism of our world.


    Hairy Situation

    By: Anu Manohar

    Our presenting sponsor Adobe invited designers to unleash their creativity and make a 3D impact by designing a unique piece of content using Adobe Dimension, and answering a crucial question: What does design mean to you? Winner Anu Manohar was inspired by the year of the pandemic.

    “Design is a world of endless possibilities—it’s an emotion, it’s an experience and it’s a lot of great things,” she details. “But design also has its ups and downs. The COVID situation made me experience design in a different way. From being a freelance designer to a full-time employee in the past few months, I realized that design can be a hairy situation. Dealing with creativity, projects, clients, deadlines, payments, etc., during the COVID period was a whole other ball game. It brought a ton of exciting, risky and unpredictable experiences. As a reflection of my experience during this period of time, I decided to make a poster with the phrase ‘it's a hairy situation.’ I wanted to bring a hint of humor to my message rather than a serious tone. So I used expressive typography and a colorful palette to make the message light yet meaningful.”


    Editor’s Note: Throughout the course of 2020, we’ve seen so much powerful work dedicated to so many vital causes—so we created this free-to-enter category to honor such design from individuals, studios and companies. We received hundreds of outstanding entries, and had trouble selecting just one to feature—so here we present a top winner, and two honorable mentions.

    First Place: Creatives for Kitchens

    By: Christine Clayton Design

    USA

    Creatives for Kitchens is a charitable initiative that has worked to assemble teams of volunteer creative professionals and match them with restaurants affected by the COVID-19 lockdown. The focus and result of our efforts have been pro-bono support for light touch updates to items such as menus, copy, signage and websites. For example, many of our tea
    ms (typically a copywriter, designer, social strategist/content marketer and photographer) have collaborated to create powerful and essential social media updates to communicate the changes in service, menu and operations that restaurant patrons need to know. This is an ongoing project with no immediate plans to sunset. Direct relief for restaurants was slated on the newest stimulus bill, and with that on ice for the foreseeable future, restaurants need us more than ever.

    Honorable Mention: Guide to Parking (for Those Living in Vehicles)

    By: Various (see below)

    USAMore than 2,700 people in Seattle/King County live in their cars due to homelessness. This brochure provides critical information on parking regulations and support services for car dwellers. In Seattle, as in many cities, a vehicle can be ticketed for being parked in the same spot for more than 72 hours. Vehicles can also be towed and impounded for having expired registration or multiple unpaid tickets. Fines and towing fees can be crippling costs that lead to seizure and loss of the car (by auction from the towing company). Besides explaining specific parking regulations, the guide explains how car dwellers can receive help from the court system and from the Seattle Scofflaw Mitigation Team, a group of volunteers who work with vehicle residents. Scofflaw Team members can accompany car dwellers to court and help them develop a plan to legally address their unpaid tickets. This brochure was designed by a group of students and faculty at the University of Washington in Seattle for ITFH, the Interfaith Task Force on Homelessness. The printing of the brochure was funded by the Sappi Paper Company through their “Ideas That Matter” program.

    Honorable Mention: Amidad

    By: Esther Velasco

    USA

    In the current social and political climate, it is crucial to create a space for undocumented immigrants to feel safe, and like they are a part of something. The word Amidad is the combination of the word "Amity" with the Spanish suffix "dad," which means "characteristic of." As such, the term Amidad encourages a sense of community. The app gives immigrants tools and resources at their fingertips. The core of Amidad is our small device that can be hooked to your keychain. The device can alert family, friends and lawyers in case of an emergency involving law enforcement, as well as begin recording an interaction on your phone. Amidad is made up of two components: a resource app with easy access to immigrant-related tools and information, and an alert device to be used in emergencies. The critical app features that tie into the alert device have steps to handle cases involving ICE, such as raids or warrantless violations at a person's home. Once activated, the alert device sends a text message to designated lawyers, family, friends and local volunteers to come to observe and record the interaction. This was created using Adobe InDesign, Adobe Dimension, Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Photoshop.


    First Place:Hot Hounds

    By: Rethink

    Canada

    Every year hundreds of dogs die in hot vehicles. To help bring awareness to this issue, we teamed up with Earth Paws and created Hot Hounds—the first and only car-baked dog treat. After being baked inside a 70°C vehicle on a hot summer day, the treats were packaged and sold in-store and online. All proceeds from their sale were donated to the SPCA.

    Second Place: Heinz Ketchup Puzzle

    By: Rethink

    Canada

    Our objective was to re-ignite an emotional connection with Heinz in a culturally relevant way to bolster consumer loyalty and reignite love. We sought to stay top of mind by instigating significant chatter across social channels and to reinforce our iconic status as Canada’s No. 1 Ketchup.

    Third Place: Sunlight-Activated Florida Adventure Map

    By: SPARK

    USA

    Utilizing UV-sensitive photochromic inks, SPARK designed a unique, interactive map that, when exposed to sunlight, reveals unexpected Florida adventures. From prehistoric caverns to rare coral reefs, bioluminescent kayaking to America’s first underwater art museum, the map highlights outdoor adventures that take visitors beyond Florida’s famous beaches and theme parks. This enabled people to see beyond the familiar destinations of Miami and Orlando and discover the wealth of diverse experiences that exist across the state, in regions they never knew existed.


    First Place: Ysleta del Sur Pueblo 2019 Year-End Report

    By: Anne M. Giangiulio Design

    USA

    I designed this Ysleta del Sur Pueblo 2019 Year-End Report for the Ysleta del Sur Pueblo, a Puebloan Native American tribal entity located in the Ysleta section of El Paso, Texas. With a focus on the traditional foods of the tribe, the report features photos and text that document the creation of time-honored recipes created by various tribal members, and the stories that accompany them. To achieve this, we worked with a Tiguan photographer, whom I art directed during the cooking or baking process.

    Second Place: UDEM Annual Report 2019

    By: Reset Co

    Mexico

    [In] 2019, Universidad of Monterrey changed their communication objectives to highlight the characteristics that have differentiated them from other universities throughout their 50 years: “soft skills.” These refer to those skills focused on emotional intelligence and how you interact with other people. These skills are learned in college along with the “hard skills” (technical knowledge of careers), with the promise that through these, the university inspires the best version of its community. For the development of this graphic proposal, we applied elements of the new university campaign to be consistent in communication. In this case, in addition to the personalized alphabet made for the campaign, numbers were also created based on the "Work Sans" typo
    graphy to create shapes that reinforce the UDEM pillars [while functioning] as windows into the university to visualize its achievements in 2019.

    Third Place: KCAI President’s Report

    By: DMH

    USA

    The Kansas City Art Institute (KCAI) publishes The President’s Report annually to show donors the school’s ongoing advancements and accomplishments, including student success stories and data visualization. The 2018–2019 report is the first document to debut the new KCAI identity, created from its brand essence: Imagine what the world has yet to see. Its cover introduces the dynamic system in its gridmark form and its complementary “revealed blocks”—the missing components from the gridmark—through die-cut, to spark curiosity. The remainder of the piece is formatted in a gridded layout, purposefully representing the matrix foundation of the mark.


    First Place: Impertinentes—14 livros de Gustavo Piqueira

    By: Casa Rex

    Brazil

    The book compiles 14 books created by Gustavo Piqueira, produced between 2012 and 2018, that, with different degrees of intensity, sought to blur many of the existing limits between the established categories of the printed book through the exploration of the most varied articulations between text and image, visual and material, industrial and handmade, past and present, fiction and nonfiction. The cover therefore reflects two of the main dimensions of Gustavo's work: the deconstruction of “traditional” arrangements, when it appears as a book cover in which everything seems out of place and, by offering the reader the possibility of assembling/disassembling it, the playful look on the book as an object.

    Second Place: Process: How to Create Community Buildings with Impact

    By: HCMA Architecture + Design

    Canada

    The 208-page book functions as a manual to guide key decisions civic leaders need to make throughout each stage of a public building project. Projects of this nature span years and require fanatical dedication. As such, Process is housed within a sturdy canvas cover—screenprinted black with reversed-out letters intended to wear with age. The heavy-duty, tactile feel of the book harkens back to the nostalgia of "glovebox" machinery manuals that bore battle scars from use. Beneath the cover exists a black-on-white inversion of the bold typographic design, bound by an exposed spine, which metaphorically represents the design process—revealing how the book is made.

    Third Place: Suspect Communities

    By: Monograph

    USA

    We adapted an old COINTELPRO document to show the idea of surveillance and infiltration of communities. From the publisher: Suspect Communities is a powerful reassessment of the U.S. government’s “countering violent extremism” (CVE) program that has arisen in major cities across the United States since 2011. By undertaking this analysis, Nicole Nguyen offers a vital window into the inner workings of the U.S. security state and the devastating impact of the CVE program on local communities.


    First Place: The X-Files: The Official Archives

    By: Headcase Design

    USA

    The X-Files: The Official Archives is a hardcover collection of 50 FBI case files from the desks of Agents Mulder and Scully. Packed with lab results, autopsy reports, clippings, mug shots, crime-scene photos, and security camera printouts, the book allows readers to scour the evidence, immersing themselves in the story as a firsthand participant. We combined actual props used in the show with faux documents we created to meticulously build each case file. Era-appropriate FBI letterheads track the passing of time, while handwritten notes from the archiving Agent Harrison guide readers through the narrative. The goal of the book was to feel as realistic as possible, with aged and damaged artifacts that are placed in evidence bags, stapled, and clipped in the book—all meticulously rendered in Photoshop.

    Second Place: Moholy-Nagy and the New Typography / Moholy-Nagy und die Neue Typografie

    By: Institute Designlab Gutenberg; Isabel Naegele & Julia Neller

    Germany

    The extensive publication documents a three-year research project on the National Bauhaus Year. It brings together the exhibition panels by the Bauhaus master László Moholy-Nagy, recently rediscovered in the Berlin Art Library, which are illuminated with characteristic keywords by renowned authors by means of an "Abcdarium"—from A for Akzidentien to Z for Zeitungsdesign. Through associative cross-reading, the typographic cosmos of ideas of the avant-garde of the 1920s can be experienced again.

    Third Place: Morla : Design

    By: Letterform Archive

    USA

    Morla : Design is a dynamic monograph spanning Jennifer Morla’s 40-year career. Recipient of the Cooper Hewitt National Design Award and an AIGA Medalist, Morla illustrates her creative process and design philosophy in the book, and shares the inspiration behind more than 150 projects. With an introduction by Paula Scher and a prologue by Erik Spiekermann, Morla : Design vividly demonstrates why design matters.


    First Place: 2020 Arphic Font Library

    By: Hong Da Design Studio

    Taiwan

    In Taiwan, font libraries have been primarily used for searching and editing, in the form of printed materials (flyers), come in various different forms resulting in difficulties when putting to use in packaging or publicity. As the numbers of font libraries increase the number of printed materials it increases, resulting in unnecessary consumption of paper and ink, which is a burden to the environment. To improve such situation, the designer focuses on three main points “conveniently assemble”, “visual diversity” and “environmentally friendly ”as the major themes for the ARPHIC Font Library, including the entire font library (from ARPHIC Technology Co., Ltd) encompassing thousands of fonts from the last 30 years that has been categorized into four collections.

    Second Place: Where Ideas Lead

    By: Design Army

    USA

    A promotional brochure to introduce the new branding tagline “Where Ideas Lead,” positioning Neenah as a partner in the creative process that provides the products and services—the solutions—to help bring brand visions to life and transform ideas into results.

    Third Place: Arturo Alvarez Catalog

    By: teiga, studio.

    Spain

    Arturo Alvarez entrusted us with the conception of a publication that visually summarized the brand's values. This publication should summarize its emotional light philosophy, handmade, crafts, design and product finishes. An art direction in photography and a design focused on showing the products through textures and representing the emotional light (lights and shadows projected in space) with a cover printed with luminescent ink that absorbs the light.


    First Place: Emme

    By: Deerfield

    USA

    EMME is rooted in the word “strength”; we wanted to create a brand that empowered women to be able to do whatever they set out to do. The name is a palindrome, and mirror quality of the logotype literally closes the loop on women’s health. Our mark is a modern-day Athena (the goddess of wisdom and the hunt) riding a tigress, and she's always a perfect shot. Our mottos are Woman on a Mission and Knowledge isPowerful and Power to the Pill. During a time when access to birth control and choice is at risk, we were honored to lead the branding with EMME as exceptional partners; led by women for w
    omen. A passion project, EMME is an example of the power of branding to do good in this world.

    Second Place: James Weldon Johnson Park Branding

    By: Brunet-Garcia Advertising

    USA

    Amidst impassioned calls for social justice and racial equality across the country, the City of Jacksonville made the bold decision to remove the Confederate monument from Hemming Park, the city’s first and oldest park. Named for the Confederate veteran who purchased and installed the monument, the city recognized the opportunity to forge a new, more harmonious path forward by renaming the park after James Weldon Johnson, a Black writer, early civil rights activist, and native son of Jacksonville. We were entrusted to create a new brand identity for this historic project that would transform the park into a modern, urban space, engage diverse communities, and restore vitality to the city’s most prominent public square.

    Third Place: Fisher-Price

    By: Pentagram

    USA

    Fisher-Price is one of the world’s leading toy companies, defining the category in infant and preschool toys and playing an important role in childhood for almost a century, creating everything from “bump to bus.” Pentagram has collaborated with Fisher-Price on a refresh of its brand identity that highlights a return to a playful sense of fun. The system draws on the brand’s extraordinary heritage to build a complete visual language, and includes a custom typeface, messaging, art direction and merchandising.


    Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

    Violent Crimes (song)

    2018 song by Kanye West

    "Violent Crimes" is a song by American rapper Kanye West, released as the final track on his eighth studio album, Ye (2018). The song contains vocals from rappers Ty Dolla Sign and 070 Shake, along with a voicemail message from rapper Nicki Minaj. West, 070 Shake, Mike Dean, Kevin Parker, Ty Dolla Sign, Malik Yusef, 7 Aurelius, Irv Gotti, and Pardison Fontaine wrote the song. Fontaine was revealed by West to have contributed to most of the writing and felt unhappy with him for revealing this information. The song features an R&B background and West raps about his feelings towards fathering a daughter within his verse.

    "Violent Crimes" received mixed to negative reviews from music critics, with the majority of them criticizing West's rapping and mostly panning his lyricism, while its position as the closing track also faced criticism. However, some critics that generally placed less focus on West's verse expressed more positive feelings, often highlighting the inclusion of the song on the album and sometimes complementing the composition. In 2018, the song reached number 27 on the US Billboard Hot 100 and also attained top 40 positions on the Canadian Hot 100, Irish Singles Chart and ARIA Singles Chart. It was certified platinum and silver in the United States and the United Kingdom by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) and British Phonographic Industry (BPI), respectively. An accompanying lyric video was released on June 19, 2018, featuring visuals reminiscent of the cover art for Ye. In January 2019, the Sunday Service Choir performed the song live, led by West. The song was later flipped within the track "Brothers", which surfaced online in July 2019.

    Background and development[edit]

    Vest in 2005
    7 Aureliusoriginally produced the song as "Brothers" and was credited for his contributions.

    Along with "Violent Crimes", Ty Dolla Sign also has vocals on Ye tracks "All Mine" and "Wouldn't Leave".[1] On June 4, 2018, three days after the album's release, Ty Dolla Sign teased a joint album with West.[2] He recalled "going off on the backgrounds, no Auto-Tune" when working with West in a phone conversation with Rolling Stone on August 30 of that year.[3]070 Shake saw an increase in popularity after appearing on the track and "Ghost Town" from the album, which was recorded in 2018.[4][5] When asked in a June 2018 interview with Billboard about how she felt to be a part of the track, 070 Shake was quoted as saying:

    Look, it feels good. I love being apart of [music with a message], no matter who it is. My goal is to be able to impact people in a positive way. So that just made the song that much better.[6]

    West asked his wife Kim Kardashian to get Nicki Minaj's help with figuring out how to deliver some lines on "Violent Crimes", yet he ultimately decided on including the actual voice note itself that was received from her.[7] Nicki Minaj revealed on Queen Radio that she was initially surprised when Ye premiered due to being unsure about how her voice note would end up being used.[7] West had previously collaborated with Nicki Minaj on his 2010 single "Monster" that features Jay-Z, Rick Ross and Bon Iver alongside her, which he references with the lines "I hope she like Nicki, I'll make her a monster/Not havin' menages".[8]

    Co-writer Kevin Parker of Tame Impala was unaware that the track would be on the album until a friend informed him that it was being played at the listening party; Parker previously thought he was credited on "Ghost Town", not "Violent Crimes".[9] Allegedly, Parker sent a number of samples to West for the album, though assumed that they hadn't made the cut after not hearing back from him.[10] Prior to co-producer 7 Aurelius receiving credit on the song, he had been inactive musically since 2012.[11] West's track "Brothers" later surfaced online in July 2019 with production included from 7 Aurelius, and the track flips "Violent Crimes".[12]

    Composition and lyrics[edit]

    Nicki Minaj in 2017.
    The outro is performed by Nicki Minaj, pictured in 2017.

    "Violent Crimes" is a "lullaby" that includes an R&B background.[8][13][14][15] It is linked to "essentially, since he became a father to a daughter", West knowing "how to treat women better".[15] The song begins with low-key production and long piano tones, with 070 Shake performing the intro, as well as the chorus.[10][13] West's verse sees him rap about thoughts towards fathering a daughter from his position, expressing fears of her being victimized by men.[16] The need for West to keep his daughter protected from "pimps", "monsters" and "playas" is mentioned by him.[17] By offering ambitions as a father, West attempts to undo his years of misogyny.[8] Ty Dolla Sign contributes softly sung vocals to the song that appear next to those of 070 Shake, prior to Nicki Minaj's outro.[18][19]

    Piercing the silence as the song begins to wind down, Nicki Minaj's vocals on the outro consist of a voice recording, in which she semi-speaks, paying reference to lyrics rapped by West in reference to her earlier in the song.[8][10] It had been rumored for West to be shadingTaylor Swift by including the voice recording, since the outro suggests that Nicki Minaj had already approved West's lyrics about her before being featured on the song.[20] The voice recording was interpreted as shade by some because a phone conversation posted by Kardashian between West and Swift in 2016 revealed that he had Swift's approval to mention her in the single "Famous", despite Swift saying she was be blindsided by it at the time.[20] Kelli Boyle from Elite Daily described West as shading Swift "in the most blink-and-you'll-miss-it way possible".[20]

    Writing[edit]

    On September 30, 2018, West took to Twitter and revealed that co-writer Pardison Fontaine, who has the real name of Jordan Thorpe, was the person held most responsible for writing the track.[21] In West's tweet, he recalled having "changed 2 lines", though gave credit to Pardison Fontaine for writing "the entire song".[21] West had endured a similar process with fellow rapper Rhymefest for the writing of the former's single "Jesus Walks" (2004), though was not as vocal back then about his writing process.[21] Due to the personal content addressed by West within "Violent Crimes", many people assumed that he wrote it, and West "ended up breaking a few hearts" by revealing that he didn't.[22]

    Around two months later in an interview with GQ, Pardison Fontaine admitted to being "pissed" that West revealed the information about songwriting when saying that nobody "needed to know I hit him about that, like, 'That's not why I do that for'".[23] He elaborated, explaining that due to wanting to be known as an artist not just a writer, Pardison Fontaine only writes for people who have his respect, such as West because he considers him as his idol.[23] The two became involved with each other after West tracked down Pardison Fontaine and brought him to Wyoming due to being a co-writer for fellow rapper Cardi B.[24] West stated that lyrics of hers from the song "Drip" lead to him thinking "that's something I would have thought of and would like to say".[24]

    Release and promotion[edit]

    "Violent Crimes" was released on June 1, 2018, as the seventh and final track on West's eighth studio album Ye.[25] At the album's listening party on May 31, it was the last track to be played.[8] A lyric video was officially released for the song along with one for fellow Ye track "All Mine" on June 19, 2018.[19] The song's lyric video features a panning view of Jackson Hole with lyrics written over it, visually resembling the official cover art for the album and the lyrics were written out in the same font used for the cover art.[19] West used simplicity to not embellish more than he needs to.[26] Despite not being released as a single, the song was treated as such by a video being released.[26] Jewel Samad from Agence France-Presse (AFP) provided the thumbnail image for the visual.[27] Though West decided on releasing the lyric videos, he had not released any music videos for Ye and his most recent music video was for 2016 single "Fade".[28]

    During the first concert of West's gospel group the Sunday Service Choir on January 6, 2019, he led the group in performing a rendition of the song.[29] The rendition was the last song to be performed, with the performance of it beginning at 12 minutes and 19 seconds into the concert.[29] At their second concert two weeks later, the Sunday Service Choir delivered a gospel rendition of "Violent Crimes" and were led through their performance by West again.[30]

    Critical reception[edit]

    The track was met with mixed to negative reviews from music critics, with West's rap verse mostly being criticized. Christopher Hooton of The Independent wrote that it "strains to be an epic closer to an album we only started 21 minutes ago".[31] Similarly, Meaghen Garvey of Pitchfork wrote in reference to the track being the last on Ye: "the eighth Kanye West album, out with a whimper", and opined that West's illustration of fears for his daughter are "in disturbingly specific detail".[32]Clash's Grant Brydon branded the track as seeing West "lazily praying that his daughter be stripped of her femininity to avoid objectification".[33] Courtney E. Smith of Refinery29 slammed "Violent Crimes" for being where West "explained his total lack of understanding about the way women see the world".[34]Rob Sheffield, in his review for Rolling Stone, looked at the song as being a very clumsy end for the album.[35] Hannah Giorgis of The Atlantic noted the song's "Trumpian dissonance" and described it as "Phil Collins-esque", while panning the song's "voyeuristic" tone and West's lyricism.[8] Simon Miraudo from Student Edge wrote that "it inches uncomfortably towards racial respectability politics", which he looked at as being a possible influence from American conservative Candace Owens that West is a fan of.[14] Miraudo continued, stating that the song "calls on the regressive idea that men can only appreciate women after they’ve sired their own".[14] West's performance was described by Rodney Carmichael and Ann Powers in a less negative review for NPR as what shows him "reaching out to his young daughters in love, but ultimately getting distracted by the idea that other men might hurt them".[36] In a mixed review, the song was viewed as where "with the right software you could very easily remove West's part and have a perfectly fine song" by Jordan Sargent of Spin.[37] In The Line of Best Fit, Ross Horton pointed to the song as doing "a little bit to redeem the record", while criticizing "the recycled wordplay" despite writing that "it appears some effort went into the jazz-backed poetry on show".[38]

    However, "Violent Crimes" was positively received by some critics who were generally not as focused on the rapping. Sam Moore, writing for Metro, characterized it as a "blissful climax" to Ye and viewed the song as continuing "good vibes" on the album.[39] Michael Saponara of Billboard ranked it as the third best track from Ye and complemented the voice recording from Nicki Minaj.[40] Vish Khanna from NOW Magazine named the song as the best track.[41]Jon Pareles of The New York Times described the song as "hymnlike".[17]Tyler, the Creator revealed when speaking to GQ in August 2018 that its chords made him cry.[42] For IOL, Mcebo Mpungose praised West's rapping, calling his verse "a warning to his daughters that Men are Trash for most men" and viewed the opening lines of it to be relatable.[43]

    Commercial performance[edit]

    "Violent Crimes" managed to chart in a total of nine countries worldwide. The song performed best in the United States, entering the US Billboard Hot 100 at number 27, following the release of Ye.[44] An entry position of number 14 was attained by the song on the US Streaming Songs chart, with 23.6 million streams being logged.[45] On June 28, 2021, "Violent Crimes" was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) for pushing 1,000,000 certified units in the US.[46] By doing so, it joined "Ghost Town" as one of the two non-singles from Ye to achieve this certification in the country.[47]

    On the Canadian Hot 100, the song debuted at number 30.[48] It also managed to reach the top 40 in Ireland and Australia, charting at number 33 and 40 on the Irish Singles Chart and the ARIA Singles Chart, respectively.[49][50] The song entered at number 56 on Slovakia's Singles Digitál Top 100, while it reached a similar position of number 57 on the Portuguese Singles Chart.[51][52] It debuted at number 59 on the Greece International Digital Singles chart.[53] On November 12, 2021, "Violent Crimes" was awarded a silver certification by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI) for shelving 200,000 units in the United Kingdom.[54]

    Credits and personnel[edit]

    Recording

    Personnel

    Credits adapted from Tidal.[1]

    Charts[edit]

    Certifications[edit]

    See also[edit]

    Notes[edit]

    1. ^Though Pond drummer James Ireland didn't receive credit on the song, he was confirmed to have contributed to it by a rep for Kevin Parker.[57]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ ab"ye / Kanye West". Tidal. Archived from the original on February 20, 2019. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
    2. ^Saponara, Michael (June 4, 2018). "Ty Dolla Sign Teases Kanye West Joint Album: 'U Ready?'". Billboard. Archived from the original on July 20, 2018. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
    3. ^Leight, Elias (August 30, 2018). "How Ty Dolla $ign Makes Magic Happen With Drake, Beyonce, Kanye & More". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on August 31, 2018. Retrieved April 13, 2019.
    4. ^"14 Things You Need To Know About 070 Shake, The Breakout Star On Kanye West's 'ye' Album". Capital Xtra. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
    5. ^"Kanye West Says He Redid Entire 'ye' Album After TMZ Interview". Rap-Up. June 3, 2018. Archived from the original on September 27, 2019. Retrieved July 8, 2020.
    6. ^Alysse, Bianca (June 8, 2018). "070 Shake on Kanye West, Pusha T, Mental Health, and Queer Representation in Hip-Hop". Billboard. Archived from the original on June 8, 2018. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
    7. ^ abCho, Regina (August 10, 2018). "Kim Kardashian Explains How Nicki Minaj Ended Up On Kanye West's 'Violent Crimes' Outro". Genius. Archived from the original on March 28, 2019. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
    8. ^ abcdefGiorgis, Hannah (June 1, 2018). "The Trumpian Dissonance of Kanye West's 'Violent Crimes'". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on December 15, 2018. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
    9. ^Maine, Samantha (June 29, 2018). "Tame Impala's Kevin Parker says contributing to Kanye West's 'Ye' was 'an absolute saga'". NME. Archived from the original on July 26, 2018. Retrieved July 26, 2018.
    10. ^ abcBraidwood, Ella (June 1, 2018). "All the guests on Kanye's 'ye', from Nicki Minaj to John Legend". NME. Archived from the original on June 4, 2018. Retrieved June 8, 2018.
    11. ^Navjosh (July 18, 2019). "7 Aurelius Says Def Jam is Blocking Official Release of Kanye's Song 'Brothers'". Hip-Hop-N-More. Archived from the original on April 19, 2020. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
    12. ^P, Mr (July 3, 2019). "Kanye West - 'Brothers'". Tiny Mix Tapes. Archived from the original on July 3, 2019. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
    13. ^ abCasciano, Marisa (June 1, 2018). "Is 'Violent Crimes' About Chicago & North West? Kanye West's Song Hints At His Kids". Elite Daily. Archived from the original on March 29, 2019. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
    14. ^ abcMiraudo, Simon (June 5, 2018). "Album Review: 'Ye' Reveals What It's Like Being Kanye West... and Yikes". Student Edge News. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
    15. ^ abDean, Jonathan (June 1, 2018). "Kanye West new album: Ye is the least anticipated release of his career". British GQ. Archived from the original on December 24, 2018. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
    16. ^Robinson, Raz (June 1, 2018). "On 'Violent Crimes', Kanye West Offers His Weird Dad Thoughts". Fatherly. Archived from the original on July 25, 2018. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
    17. ^ abPareles, Jon (June 3, 2018). "Kanye West Writes a Song of Himself on 'Ye'". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 14, 2019. Retrieved September 1, 2019.
    18. ^DeVille, Chris (June 21, 2018). "Ty Dolla $ign Is More Inescapable Than Ever". Stereogum. Archived from the original on March 28, 2019. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
    19. ^ abcSaponara, Michael (June 19, 2018). "Kanye West's Lyric Videos For 'All Mine' & 'Violent Crimes': Watch". Billboard. Archived from the original on July 6, 2018. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
    20. ^ abcBoyle, Kelli (June 4, 2018). "Kanye West Threw Shade At Taylor Swift On 'Violent Crimes' & You Totally Missed It". Elite Daily. Archived from the original on March 29, 2019. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
    21. ^ abcmportugal (October 3, 2018). "Kanye West Admits to Using Ghostwriters". 93.5 KDAY. Archived from the original on August 31, 2019. Retrieved August 31, 2019.
    22. ^Zidel, Alex (October 1, 2018). "Kanye West Says Pardison Fontaine Wrote Nearly All Of 'Violent Crimes'". HotNewHipHop. Archived from the original on October 1, 2018. Retrieved August 31, 2019.
    23. ^ abHamilton, Xavier (November 21, 2018). "Pardison Fontaine Was 'Pissed' Kanye Named Him the Ghostwriter of 'Violent Crimes'". Complex. Archived from the original on December 9, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
    24. ^ abCaramanica, Jon (June 25, 2018). "Into the Wild With Kanye West playback". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 7, 2019. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
    25. ^Yeung, Neil Z. "Ye – Kanye West". AllMusic. Archived from the original on April 3, 2019. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
    26. ^ abZidel, Alex (June 18, 2018). "Kanye West Releases New Lyric Videos For 'Violent Crimes' & "All Mine"". HotNewHipHop. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
    27. ^Renshaw, David (June 19, 2018). "Kanye West shares two ye lyric videos". The Fader. Archived from the original on September 30, 2018. Retrieved October 19, 2019.
    28. ^Cowen, Trace William (June 19, 2018). "Kanye West Drops Lyric Videos for 'Violent Crimes' and "All Mine"". Complex. Archived from the original on April 12, 2019. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
    29. ^ abSchatz, Lake (January 7, 2019). "Watch Kanye West Perform Gospel Versions of Hits for Sunday Service

      Introduction

      In a world where AI, ML, and Data Science are the dominant technologies these days, all the mentioned technologies are dependent on the Python programming language in some or the another way. So becoming a master in Python can open many doors in your career and land in some of the best opportunities across the planet.

      I am hoping you as a reader here is either beginning in Python or practicing to become an expert or maybe challenging your skills with even harder problems to work on with Python. No matter wherever you rate yourself in the Python skill, trying to work on Python projects would definitely uplift your skills and build up your profile to face the competitive world outside. Although, Python books and Python tutorials are pretty helpful to and provide quite detailed knowledge of the ultimate test of your learning would come from the capability that you can code and create something of your own.

      Before jumping right into the project ideas let us read how can Python projects help you as a Python developer and which platform you should consider before you start any Python projects.

      How Can Python Projects Help You?

      Challenging your learning and building Python projects can help you in multiple ways some of them are listed below:

      Boost Up Your Confidence

      Doing up things yourself and in your way using tools and technologies would build up your confidence. It would also help youtube rate your skill as a Python developer to help me perform better.

      Explore and Experiment

      Building projects would give an opportunity to acquaint yourself with the trending tools and technology that are required for your project. You may get your skills in servers, databases, UI concepts, and more.

      Master your Coding Skills

      Project is another name for practice and we know practice is the mantra to excel in anything. Once you are well versed in Python coding and other dependencies that a Python project requires you shall notice how efficient you become as you climb the ladder of challenging projects.

      Learn about Software Development Lifecycle

      This step is important to be learned when you think you are industry-ready and that you are capable of taking up real-life projects. You must learn to develop a project in an optimized and organized manner as the SDLC paradigm.

      Which Project Platform Should You Use?

      After you are all set and motivated to build a project, you must think of what to build and on which platform to build your Python project. You must build what interests you irrespective of if it is trending or not or requires a less or massive amount of coding skill level. It would be hard to stay on a project or even finish it if you start with something that doesn’t interest you.

      There are three major platforms where you can start building your project, let us have an overview of them:

      1. Web

      Web applications run on the web and can run on any device without being downloaded; the only requirement is that there should be an accessible internet. Web applications have the frontend and backend. The front end is responsible for the UI of the website. Later is where business logic takes place, and the code manipulation and data storage occur.

      A Python developer majorly focuses on backend code. The front end is essential, too, so a Python developer must have some knowledge of HTML, CSS, and Javascript to create simple looking AI. With an extra library, a Python developer can use Python for both the back and front end of their Python projects. Django and Flask are popular web frameworks to build applications using Python.

      2. Desktop UI

      Building Desktop Application in Python is a great project idea for beginners as well as for intermediate learners. The good news for python developers is that they do not require to learn any FE technology to develop a desktop python project. There exist several frameworks for building desktop applications. PySimple GUI is a user-friendly Python Framework, PyQt5 is an advanced python based GUI framework. A fully developed desktop can later be made compatible with all major OS (Linux, Windows, or macOS).

      3. Command Line

      In Command-Line Applications, user interaction is entirely dependent on the terminal & shell. The command-line applications function in a console window and are devoid of any form of graphics and visual interface for the users to see. A Python developer has to enter specific commands, while the user provides the input to the application using ASCII characters, the app provides the output through ASCII.

      Command-Line applications are robust and powerful but are not user friendly as web or desktop applications click, Docopt, Plac, Cliff, are some of the command-line frameworks for Python

      Gear up and be motivated to try the below mentioned Python projects.

      Beginner Level Python Project Ideas 

      Here we have listed python projects for beginners level Python Developer.

      1. Mad Libs Generator 

      This python beginner project is a good start for beginner software developers as it has concepts like strings, variables, and concatenation. Mad Libs Generator teaches to manipulate user-inputted data as the Mad Libs refer to a series of inputs that a user enters. The input from the user could be anything from an adjective, a pronoun, or even a verb. After all the inputs are entered the application takes all the data and arranges it to build a story template. 

      Source Code: 

      """ Mad Libs Generator
      ----------------------------------------
      """
      //Loop back to this point once code finishes
      loop = 1
      while (loop < 10):
      // All the questions that the program asks the user
         noun = input("Choose a noun: ")
          p_noun = input("Choose a plural noun: ")
         noun2 = input("Choose a noun: ")
         place = input("Name a place: ")
         adjective = input("Choose an adjective (Describing word): ")
         noun3 = input("Choose a noun: ")
      // Displays the story based on the users input
         print ("------------------------------------------")
         print ("Be kind to your",noun,"- footed", p_noun)
         print ("For a duck may be somebody's", noun2,",")
         print ("Be kind to your",p_noun,"in",place)
         print ("Where the weather is always",adjective,".")
         print ()
         print ("You may think that is this the",noun3,",")
         print ("Well it is.")
         print ("------------------------------------------")
      // Loop back to "loop = 1"
          loop = loop + 1

      2. Number Guessing 

      Number Guessing

      This project is an exciting fun game for beginners to build up. The program generates a random number from 1 to 10, or 1 to 100 any range that is specified and the user must guess the number after a hint from the computer. Every time a user’s guess is wrong they are prompted with more hints to make it easier for them to guess the number but at the cost of reducing the score. The clue any math clue like multiples, divisible, greater or smaller, or a combination of all. 

      The program also requires functions to check if an actual number is entered by the user or not, to compare the input number with the actual number, to find the difference between the two numbers. 

      Sample Code:

      """ Number Guessing Game
      ----------------------------------------
      """
      import random
      attempts_list = []
      def show_score():
         if len(attempts_list) <= 0:
             print("There is currently no high score, it's yours for the taking!")
         else:
             print("The current high score is {} attempts".format(min(attempts_list)))
      def start_game():
         random_number = int(random.randint(1, 10))
         print("Hello traveler! Welcome to the game of guesses!")
         player_name = input("What is your name? ")
         wanna_play = input("Hi, {}, would you like to play the guessing game? (Enter Yes/No) ".format(player_name))
         // Where the show_score function USED to be
         attempts = 0
         show_score()
         while wanna_play.lower() == "yes":
             try:
                 guess = input("Pick a number between 1 and 10 ")
                 if int(guess) < 1 or int(guess) > 10:
                     raise ValueError("Please guess a number within the given range")
                 if int(guess) == random_number:
                     print("Nice! You got it!")
                     attempts += 1
                     attempts_list.append(attempts)
                     print("It took you {} attempts".format(attempts))
                     play_again = input("Would you like to play again? (Enter Yes/No) ")
                     attempts = 0
                     show_score()
                     random_number = int(random.randint(1, 10))
                     if play_again.lower() == "no":
                         print("That's cool, have a good one!")
                         break
                 elif int(guess) > random_number:
                     print("It's lower")
                     attempts += 1
                 elif int(guess) < random_number:
                     print("It's higher")
                     attempts += 1
             except ValueError as err:
                 print("Oh no!, that is not a valid value. Try again...")
                 print("({})".format(err))
         else:
             print("That's cool, have a good one!")
      if __name__ == '__main__':
          start_game()

      3. Rock Paper Scissors

      Rock Paper Scissors

      This program or a mini-game is designed when you don’t have anyone to play or you are under lockdown alone. There are a number of functions that this program requires so let us have an overview of each.

      • a random function: to generate rock, paper, or scissors. 
      • valid function: to check the validity of the move.
      • result function: to declare the winner of the round.
      • scorekeeper: to keep track of the score.

      The program requires the user to make the first move before it makes one the move. Once the move is validated the input is evaluated, the input entered could be a string or an alphabet. After evaluating the input string a winner is decided by the result function and the score of the round is updated by the scorekeeper function. 

      Sample Code:

      """ Rock Paper Scissors
      ----------------------------------------
      """
      import random
      import os
      import re
      os.system('cls' if os.name=='nt' else 'clear')
      while (1 < 2):
         print "\n"
         print "Rock, Paper, Scissors - Shoot!"
         userChoice = raw_input("Choose your weapon [R]ock], [P]aper, or [S]cissors: ")
         if not re.match("[SsRrPp]", userChoice):
             print "Please choose a letter:"
             print "[R]ock, [S]cissors or [P]aper."
             continue
         // Echo the user's choice
         print "You chose: " + userChoice
         choices = ['R', 'P', 'S']
         opponenetChoice = random.choice(choices)
         print "I chose: " + opponenetChoice
         if opponenetChoice == str.upper(userChoice):
             print "Tie! "
         #if opponenetChoice == str("R") and str.upper(userChoice) == "P"
         elif opponenetChoice == 'R' and userChoice.upper() == 'S':      
             print "Scissors beats rock, I win! "
             continue
         elif opponenetChoice == 'S' and userChoice.upper() == 'P':      
             print "Scissors beats paper! I win! "
             continue
         elif opponenetChoice == 'P' and userChoice.upper() == 'R':      
             print "Paper beat rock, I win! "
             continue
         else:       
             print "You win!"

      4. Website Blocker

      We all know while surfing through the net many unwanted sites popup to distract us. This project comes at help in such cases as it can be built up to block certain websites from opening. The program is beneficial for people who get easily distracted to switch to social media sites while into something serious. 

      Sample Code:

      """ Website Blocker
      ----------------------------------------
      """
      import time
      from datetime import datetime as dt
      hosts_path = r"/etc/hosts"   // r is for raw string
      hosts_temp = "hosts"
      redirect = "127.0.0.1"
      web_sites_list = ["www.facebook.com", "facebook.com"]    // users can modify the list of the websites they want to block
      while True:
         if dt(dt.now().year, dt.now().month, dt.now().day, 9) < dt.now() < dt(dt.now().year, dt.now().month, dt.now().day,22):
             print("Working hours")
             with open(hosts_path, "r+") as file:
                 content = file.read()
                 for website in web_sites_list:
                     if website in content:
                         pass
                     else:
                         file.write(redirect+" "+website+"\n")
         else:
             print("Fun time")
             with open(hosts_path, "r+") as file:
                 content = file.readlines()
                file.seek(0)  // reset the pointer to the top of the text file
                 for line in content:
                    // here comes the tricky line, basically we overwrite the whole file
                     if not any(website in line for website in web_sites_list):
                         file.write(line)
                    // do nothing otherwise
                file.truncate() // this line is used to delete the trailing lines (that contain DNS)
          time.sleep(5)

      5. Binary Search Algorithm 

      The name is evident enough to give an overview of the project. The program requires you to create a list of numbers between 0 to whatever range you prefer, with every succeeding number having a difference of 2 between them. 

      When the user inputs a random number to be searched the program begins its search by dividing the list into two halves. The first half is searched for the required number and if found, the other half is rejected and vice versa. The search continues until the number is found or the subarray size becomes zero. This Python project idea could also help you write a program to search an element in the list. 

      Sample Code:

      """ Binary Search Algorithm
      ----------------------------------------
      """
      // iterative implementation of binary search in Python
      def binary_search(a_list, item):
         """Performs iterative binary search to find the position of an integer in a given, sorted, list.
         a_list -- sorted list of integers
         item -- integer you are searching for the position of
         """
         first = 0
         last = len(a_list) - 1
         while first <= last:
             i = (first + last) / 2
             if a_list[i] == item:
                 return ' found at position '.format(item=item, i=i)
             elif a_list[i] > item:
                 last = i - 1
             elif a_list[i] < item:
                 first = i + 1
             else:
                 return ' not found in the list'.format(item=item)
      // recursive implementation of binary search in Python
      def binary_search_recursive(a_list, item):
         """Performs recursive binary search of an integer in a given, sorted, list.
         a_list -- sorted list of integers
         item -- integer you are searching for the position of
         """
         first = 0
         last = len(a_list) - 1
         if len(a_list) == 0:
             return ' was not found in the list'.format(item=item)
         else:
             i = (first + last) // 2
             if item == a_list[i]:
                 return ' found'.format(item=item)
             else:
                 if a_list[i] < item:
                     return binary_search_recursive(a_list[i+1:], item)
                 else:
                      return binary_search_recursive(a_list[:i], item)

      Intermediate Python Projects

      1. Calculator 

      Calculator

      Building this project you would learn to design a graphical UI and make you familiar with a library like Tkinter. This library enables you to create buttons to perform different operations and display results on the screen. 

      Sample Code:

      """ Calculator
      ----------------------------------------
      """
      def addition ():
         print("Addition")
         n = float(input("Enter the number: "))
         t = 0 //Total number enter
         ans = 0
         while n != 0:
             ans = ans + n
             t+=1
             n = float(input("Enter another number (0 to calculate): "))
         return [ans,t]
      def subtraction ():
         print("Subtraction");
         n = float(input("Enter the number: "))
         t = 0 //Total number enter
         sum = 0
         while n != 0:
             ans = ans - n
             t+=1
             n = float(input("Enter another number (0 to calculate): "))
         return [ans,t]
      def multiplication ():
         print("Multiplication")
         n = float(input("Enter the number: "))
         t = 0 //Total number enter
         ans = 1
         while n != 0:
             ans = ans * n
             t+=1
             n = float(input("Enter another number (0 to calculate): "))
         return [ans,t]
      def average():
         an = []
         an = addition()
         t = an[1]
         a = an[0]
         ans = a / t
         return [ans,t]
      // main...
      while True:
         list = []
         print(" My first python program!")
         print(" Simple Calculator in python by Malik Umer Farooq")
         print(" Enter 'a' for addition")
         print(" Enter 's' for substraction")
         print(" Enter 'm' for multiplication")
         print(" Enter 'v' for average")
         print(" Enter 'q' for quit")
         c = input(" ")
         if c != 'q':
             if c == 'a':
                 list = addition()
                 print("Ans = ", list[0], " total inputs ",list[1])
             elif c == 's':
                 list = subtraction()
                 print("Ans = ", list[0], " total inputs ",list[1])
             elif c == 'm':
                 list = multiplication()
                 print("Ans = ", list[0], " total inputs ",list[1])
             elif c == 'v':
                 list = average()
                 print("Ans = ", list[0], " total inputs ",list[1])
             else:
                 print ("Sorry, invilid character")
         else:
              break

      2. Alarm Clock 

      Alarm Clock

      This is an interesting Command Line Interface (CLI) Python application for an intermediate-level developer. People across the globe use alarm clock features in their devices but this project can be altered in a bit different manner. Some certain YouTube links can be added to a text file and the project is programmed in a way that when a user sets an alarm then the code shall pick a random link from the video and will start playing the YouTube link.

      Sample Code:

      """ Alarm Clock
      ----------------------------------------
      """
      import datetime
      import os
      import time
      import random
      import webbrowser
      // If video URL file does not exist, create one
      if not os.path.isfile("youtube_alarm_videos.txt"):
         print('Creating "youtube_alarm_videos.txt"...')
         with open("youtube_alarm_videos.txt", "w") as alarm_file:
             alarm_file.write("https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=anM6uIZvx74")
      def check_alarm_input(alarm_time):
         """Checks to see if the user has entered in a valid alarm time"""
         if len(alarm_time) == 1: // [Hour] Format
             if alarm_time[0] < 24 and alarm_time[0] >= 0:
                 return True
         if len(alarm_time) == 2: // [Hour:Minute] Format
             if alarm_time[0] < 24 and alarm_time[0] >= 0 and \
                alarm_time[1] < 60 and alarm_time[1] >= 0:
                 return True
         elif len(alarm_time) == 3: // [Hour:Minute:Second] Format
             if alarm_time[0] < 24 and alarm_time[0] >= 0 and \
                alarm_time[1] < 60 and alarm_time[1] >= 0 and \
                alarm_time[2] < 60 and alarm_time[2] >= 0:
                 return True
         return False
      // Get user input for the alarm time
      print("Set a time for the alarm (Ex. 06:30 or 18:30:00)")
      while True:
         alarm_input = input(">> ")
         try:
             alarm_time = [int(n) for n in alarm_input.split(":")]
             if check_alarm_input(alarm_time):
                 break
             else:
                 raise ValueError
         except ValueError:
             print("ERROR: Enter time in HH:MM or HH:MM:SS format")
      // Convert the alarm time from [H:M] or [H:M:S] to seconds
      seconds_hms = [3600, 60, 1] // Number of seconds in an Hour, Minute, and Second
      alarm_seconds = sum([a*b for a,b in zip(seconds_hms[:len(alarm_time)], alarm_time)])
      // Get the current time of day in seconds
      now = datetime.datetime.now()
      current_time_seconds = sum([a*b for a,b in zip(seconds_hms, [now.hour, now.minute, now.second])])
      // Calculate the number of seconds until alarm goes off
      time_diff_seconds = alarm_seconds - current_time_seconds
      // If time difference is negative, set alarm for next day
      if time_diff_seconds < 0:
         time_diff_seconds += 86400 // number of seconds in a day
      // Display the amount of time until the alarm goes off
      print("Alarm set to go off in %s" % datetime.timedelta(seconds=time_diff_seconds))
      // Sleep until the alarm goes off
      time.sleep(time_diff_seconds)
      // Time for the alarm to go off
      print("Wake Up!")
      // Load list of possible video URLs
      with open("youtube_alarm_videos.txt", "r") as alarm_file:
         videos = alarm_file.readlines()
      // Open a random video from the list
      webbrowser.open(random.choice(videos))

      3. Tic- Tac- Toe 

      Tic- Tac- Toe

      This game is very popular amongst all of us and even fun to build as a Python project. I am pretty sure most of us know how to play it but let me give a quick brush up. 

      It is a two-player game and consists of a nine-square grid. Each player chooses their move and with O or X and marks their square one at each chance. The player who succeeds in making their marks all in one line whether diagonally, horizontally, or vertically wins. The challenge for the other player is to block the game for their opponent and also to make their chain. 

      For building this project in Python who can use the Pygame Python library that is loaded with all computer graphics and sounds. 

      Sample Code: 

      """ Tic Tac Toe
      ----------------------------------------
      """
      import random
      import sys
      board=[i for i in range(0,9)]
      player, computer = '',''
      // Corners, Center and Others, respectively
      moves=((1,7,3,9),(5,),(2,4,6,8))
      // Winner combinations
      winners=((0,1,2),(3,4,5),(6,7,8),(0,3,6),(1,4,7),(2,5,8),(0,4,8),(2,4,6))
      // Table
      tab=range(1,10)
      def print_board():
         x=1
         for i in board:
             end = ' Album Review". The Line of Best Fit. Archived from the original on February 3, 2019. Retrieved February 24, 2020.
    30. ^Moore, Rob (June 1, 2018). "Kanye West's Ye – a track-by-track review of his emotional new album". Metro News. Archived from the original on February 20, 2019. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
    31. ^Saponara, Michael (June 1, 2018). "Kanye West's 'Ye' Album: Every Song Ranked (Critic's Picks)". Billboard. Archived from the original on June 19, 2018. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
    32. ^Khanna, Vish (June 3, 2018). "Kanye West's Ye: a conflicted perspective from a long-time fan". NOW Magazine. Archived from the original on February 11, 2020. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
    33. ^Daly, Rhian (August 6, 2018). "Tyler, The Creator reveals which Kanye West song makes him cry". NME. Archived from the original on October 25, 2018. Retrieved October 25, 2018.
    34. ^Mpungose, Mcebo (June 6, 2018). "Kanye West's 'Violent Crimes' spoke to me as a South African". IOL Entertainment. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
    35. ^Zellner, Xander (June 12, 2018). "Kanye West Debuts All 7 Songs From 'Ye' in Billboard Hot 100's Top 40". Billboard. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
    36. ^Rutherford, Kevin (June 13, 2018). "Kanye West Leads Streaming Songs Chart for First Time With 'All Mine'". Billboard. Archived from the original on October 14, 2019. Retrieved October 14, 2019.
    37. ^ ab"American single certifications – Kanye West – Violent Crimes". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved July 1, 2021.
    38. ^"Gold & Platinum – Kanye West". RIAA. Archived from the original on March 30, 2019. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
    39. ^"Canadian Music: Top 100 Songs – June 16, 2018". Billboard. Archived from the original on March 30, 2019. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
    40. ^ ab"Irish-charts.com – Discography Kanye West". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
    41. ^"Kanye West debuts at #1 with ye". ARIA. June 9, 2018. Archived from the original on March 26, 2019. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
    42. ^ ab"ČNS IFPI" (in Slovak). Hitparáda – Singles Digital Top 100 Oficiálna. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: Select SINGLES DIGITAL - TOP 100 and insert 201823 into search. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
    43. ^ ab"Kanye West – Violent Crimes". AFP Top 100 Singles. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
    44. ^ ab"Official IFPI Charts – Digital Singles Chart (International) – Week: 23/2018". IFPI Greece. Archived from the original on June 18, 2018. Retrieved April 21, 2019.
    45. ^ ab"British single certifications – Kanye West – Violent Crimes". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved November 16, 2021.
    46. ^Fu, Eddie (April 2, 2018). "Kanye West spotted with Rick Rubin at Calabasas office". Consequence of Sound. Archived from the original on April 21, 2018. Retrieved July 8, 2020.
    47. ^Bromwich, Jonah Engel (February 23, 2020). "Kanye, Out West". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 24, 2020. Retrieved July 8, 2020.
    48. ^Helman, Peter (June 14, 2018). "Kanye's 'Ye' Credits Reveals Tame Impala Co-Write". Stereogum. Archived from the original on June 16, 2018. Retrieved April 9, 2019.
    49. ^"Kanye West – Violent Crimes". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
    50. ^"Kanye West Chart History (Canadian Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
    51. ^"ČNS IFPI" (in Czech). Hitparáda – Digital Top 100 Oficiální. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: Change the chart to CZ – SINGLES DIGITAL – TOP 100 and insert 201823 into search. Retrieved February 12, 2019.
    52. ^"Kanye West – Violent Crimes" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved February 12, 2019.
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    External links[edit]

    Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

    Descriptive study of plant resources in the context of the ethnomedicinal relevance of indigenous flora: A case study from Toli Peer National Park, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan

    Acanthaceae1Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees in Wall./mh-03Kirch, somni, herbHerbLeavesPasteExternalWounds, eczema.0.290.539.29520.810.86LeavesDecoctionExternalTonic, cough.Adiantaceae2Adiantum capillus-veneris L./mh-04Hansraj, Sraj fernFernLeavesDecoctionInternalBoils, cough, asthma, jaundice, cold, diabetes, skin diseases, measles, eczema, chest pain0.710.8377.38570.890.973Adiantum incisum Foressk/mh-06Sumbul, Hansraj fernFernLeavesJuiceInternalScabies, cough, fever, skin diseases0.290.539.29440.690.644Athyrium tenuifrons Wall.apud Moore ex. R. Sim./mh– 07FernFernRootTeaInternalBody pain0.140.3323.81320.50.58RootPowderExternalWoundsAlliaceae5Allium griffithianum Boiss./mh– 09PiaziHerbAerial partsCookedInternalCarminative, used in dyspepsia, flatulance and colic0.290.1722.62290.450.53Anacardiaceae6Pistacia chinensis Bunge/mh -11KangarTreeStem gumPowderInternalDysentery0.210.3327.38430.670.91BarkPasteExternalWounds, cracked heels7Heracleum candicans Wall ex. DC/mh -12----HerbAerial partsTeaInternalNerve disorders0.070.1711.9120.190.148Pimpinella stewartii Dunn. E. Nasir/mh-13TarpakkiHerbFruitEatenInternalStomach disorder0.070.1711.9120.190.3Apiaceae9Heracleum cachemirica C.B. Clarke/mh -14ShrubShrubAerial partsJuiceInternalNerve disorders0.070.1711.9180.280.19Apocyanaceae10Nerium oleander Linn./mh -15KanairTreeLeavePasteExternalCutaneous eruption0.570.6761.9460.720.98LeaveDecoctionInternalWounds and swellingBarkDecoctionInternalSkin diseases, leprosyRootsPowderInternalAbortionRootsPasteExternalScorpion sting, snake biteAraliaceae11Hedera nepalensis K. Koch/mh -16Harbumbal epiphyteEpiphyteLeavesDecoctionInternalDiabetes0.070.1711.9110.170.13Asclepidaceae12Vincetoxicum hirundinaria Medicres/mh-17----HerbAerial partsDecoctionInternalBoils, pimples0.140.1715.48480.750.8Asteraceae13Anaphalis adnata D.C/mh-18----HerbLeavesPowderExternalBleeding cuts and wounds0.140.1715.48190.30.4214Artemisia absinthium L./mh -19AfsantheneHerbLeavesInfusion, pasteInternalAnthelmintic, stomach disorders, wounds and cuts0.290.539.29510.80.9815Artemisia maritime L./mh -21AfsantheneHerbLeavesPasteExternalSkin infections0.140.3323.81410.640.77Leaf and stemPowderInternalIntestinal parasites16Artemisia dubia Wall./mh-22AsfantheneHerbSeedsCookedInternalWeakness after delivery0.360.6751.19230.360.52LeavesPasteExternalCuts and wounds, ear diseasesAerial partsExtractExternalVermicide17Conyza bonariensis L Cronquist/mh-24ButiHerbAerial partsInfusionInternalDiarrhea and dysentery, bleeding piles0.210.1719.05410.640.7718Gerbera gossypina (Royle) Beauverd/mh-25Put potulaHerbAerial partsTeaInternalNerve disorders0.070.1711.9120.190.1419Parthenium hysterophorus L./mh-27HerbHerbRootDecoctionInternalSkin disorders, dysentery0.140.3323.81350.550.5920Saussurea candolleana Wall. Ex. D.C Clarke/mh-29HerbHerbRootsExtractInternalTonic0.070.1711.9230.360.2821Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg/mh-31HandhHerbRootsDecoctionInternalJaundice0.290.6747.62560.880.92LeavesCookedInternalSwellings, diuretic, tonic22Achillea millefolium L./mh-32YarrowHerbFlowerExtractInternalSoft drinks0.140.3323.81240.380.33LeavesPowderExternalToothache23Berberis lycium Royl/mh-33SumbluShrubRootsExtractInternalTonic, eye lotion, skin disease, chronic diarrhea, piles, blood purifier, diabetes, pustules, scabies0.641.3398.81590.920.98RootsPasteExternalBone fractureBoraginaceae24Trichodesma indicum L. R. Br/mh-35Handusi bootiHerbLeavesBoilingInternalFlu and cough0.140.1715.48310.480.48Buxaceae25Sarcococca saligna D. Don Muell/mh-37BansathraShrubLeaves and shootsDecoctionInternalJoint pain, laxative, blood purifier0.360.8359.52230.360.23LeavesPowderExternalBurnsRootJuiceInternalGonorrhoeaCaprifoliaceae26Vibernum nervosum D. Don/mh-39TalianaShrubFruitEatenInternalStomach ache, anemia0.140.3323.81150.230.327Viburnum grandiflorum Wall.ex DC/mh-40Guch, shrubShrubSeedJuiceInternalTyphoid, whooping cough0.140.3323.81250.390.228Viburnum cotinifolium D. Don/mh-41TalianaShrubFruitEatenInternalLaxative, blood purifier0.210.535.71310.480.33LeavesExtractInternalMenorrhagiaCompanulaceae29Campanula benthamii Wall./mh-42HerbHerbRootChewing, earacheExternalStrengthen heart, earache0.140.3323.81190.30.36Cucurbitaceae30Momordica dioica Roxb. ex Willd/mh-43EpiphyteEpiphyteRootsCookedInternalPiles, urinary problem0.140.3323.81150.230.17Dioscoreaceae31Dioscorea bulbifera L./mh-45HerbHerbAerial partsJuiceInternalContraceptive0.070.1711.9410.640.8132Dioscorea deltoidea Wall. ex Kunth/mh-47HerbHerbRhizomeEatenInternalInsect killer, snake bite0.140.3323.81360.560.48Dryopteridaceae33Polystichum squarrosum Don Fee/mh-49FernFernRootDecoctionInternalPyloric disease0.070.1711.9130.20.3Elaeagnaceae34Elaeagnus angustifolia Linn./mh-50Ripe fruitsBoiledInternalSore throat, high fever0.290.539.29290.450.66FruitEatenInternalCough and cold35Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb./mh-51Russian olive, TreeLeavesDecoctionInternalCough0.290.6747.62330.520.73FlowersDecoctionInternalHeart diseaseSeedsEatenInternalImmunityBranchExudeExternalToothacheEuphorbiaceae36Euphorbia helioscopia Linn./mh-53Dhodhal, dandlionHerbSeedsJuiceInternalCholera0.140.1715.48490.770.72RootsPasteInternalAnthelmintic37Euphorbia wallichii Hk. f./mh-54Dhodhal dandlionHerbAerial partsLatexInternalLaxative, purgative, digestive0.360.3334.52420.660.91Aerial partsJuiceInternalWarts, skin infectionsFagaceae38Castanea sativa Mill./mh-56Chest nutTreeLeavesInfusionInternalFevers0.140.3323.81210.330.38LeavesDecoctionInternalSore throatsFabaceae39Dalbergia sissoo Roxb./mh-57TahliTreeStem barkJuiceExternalSkin allergy0.210.535.71390.610.77Crushed leavesJuiceInternalBlood purifierLeavesWashingExternalIncrease hair lengthFragaceae40Quercus baloot Griff/mh-59Rein, Shah baloot, OakTreeBarkPowderInternalAsthma0.290.3330.95430.670.86NutDecoctionInternalUrinary problems, cough, cold41Quercus dilatata Royle/mh-62Oak, barungiTreeFruitPowderInternalTonic0.140.3323.81470.730.36BarkDecoctionInternalDysentery42Quercus incana Roxb./mh-64Rein, ban, rinjiTreeBarkPowderInternalAsthma, cough, fever, rheumatism and backache0.360.542.86410.640.95Fumaricaceae43Fumaria indica (Hausskan) Pugsley/mh-66PapraHerbAerial partsJuice, pasteInternalFever, constipation, pimples, eruption, skin infections, purify blood0.430.6754.76480.750.84Gentianaceae44Swertia ciliate G. Don B. L. Burtt/mh-67HerbHerbAerial partDecoctionInternalCough cold and fever0.210.3327.38480.750.88Guttiferae45Hypericum perforatum L./mh-68HerbHerbFlowersInfusionInternalSnake bite wounds, sores, swellings, ulcers, rheumatism0.360.542.86470.730.61Hippocotanaceae46Aesculus indica (Wall. Ex Camb.) Hook.f.)/mh-69Bankhore, horsechestnutTreeBarkInfusionInternalTonic0.290.6747.62330.520.5FruitsEatenInternalColic, rheumatic painsSeedPowderInternalLeucorrhoeaJuglandaceae47Juglans regia L./mh-70Akhrot, khoreTreeLeaveDecoctionExternalAntispasmodic0.360.6751.19510.80.92BarkRubbingExternalGums and cleaning teeth, make lips and gums dyeSeedsOilExternalRheumatic painRoots and leavesPowderExternalAntisepticLamiaceae48Isodon rugosus Wall. ex Benth. Codd./mh-72KhwangereShrubLeavesDecoctionInternalBlood pressure, toothache, body temperature, rheumatism0.290.6747.62370.580.7549Ajuga bracteosa Wall, ex Benth/mh-73Ratti bootiHerbAerial partsExtractInternalBlood purification, body inflammation, eruption, pimples0.64182.14580.911LeavesExtractInternalEarache, eye ache, boils, mouth gums, throat pain50Nepeta erecta Royle ex. Benth Benth/mh-75HerbHerbFlowersJuiceInternalCough0.430.6754.76530.830.78LeavesJuiceInternalBlood pressure, cold, fever, influenza, toothache51Nepeta laevigata D. Don Hand/mh-77HerbHerbFruitInfusionInternalDysentery0.070.1711.9170.270.2252Mentha royleana subsp. hymalaiensis Briq./mh-79PodinaHerbLeavesJuice, Powder to make chattniInternalStomach disorder, gas trouble, indigestion, vomiting, cholera, fever and cough0.50.550580.910.9753Prunella vulgaris L./mh-81HerbHerbSeedsEatenInternalLaxative, antipyretic, tonic, diuretic, inflammation, heart disease difficult breathing, eye sight weakness0.57178.57580.910.9854Salvia hians Royle/mh-82HerbHerbLeavesJuiceInternalCough, colds, anxiety0.210.3327.38310.480.6655Salvia lanata Roxb./mh-83HerbHerbLeavesPoulticeExternalSkin problems, wounds0.140.3323.81270.420.4856Salvia moorcroftiana Wall. Ex Benth/mh-84KaljariHerbAerial partsJuiceInternalDiarrhea, gas trouble, stomach disorders, cough0.290.3330.95510.80.8957Thymus liniaris Benth. ex Beth./mh/85HerbHerbLeaves and flowersPowderInternalStrengthen teeth, gum infection, bleeding0.290.539.29320.50.64FlowerAlong ground seeds of Carum carviInternalImprove digestionLiliaceae58Asparagus filicinus Ham. in D. Don/mh-87HerbHerbRootDecoctionInternalDiuretic, antipyretic, stomachic, nervous stimulant0.290.539.29380.590.6659Polygonatum multiflorum L. Smith/mh-88HerbHerbLeavePasteExternalWounds0.070.1711.9170.270.19Meliaceae60Cedrella serrata Royle/mh-89DrawaTreeStem and root barkPasteExternalRound worms0.5175540.840.83LeavesJuiceInternalDigestive problems, diabetesLeavesDecoctionExternalCooling agent, excellent hair washingBarkPoulticeInternalUlcers,BarkPowderInternalChronic infantile dysenteryMimosaceae61Albizia lebbeck Linn. (Benth)./mh-90ShirinTreeSeedsPowderExternalInflammation, skin diseases, leprosy, leukoderma10.575570.890.83BarkPowderExternalStrengthen spongy gumsBark and seedsExtractInternalPiles, diarrhea and dysenteryFlowersPasteExternalCarbuncles, boils, swelling and other skin diseasesSeedOilExternalSnake bite, breathing problemsMalvaceae62Malvastrum coromandelianum Linn. (Garcke)/mh-91HerbHerbAerial partsDecoctionInternalKill worms, dysentery0.140.3323.81380.590.41Moraceae63Ficus palmate Forssk./mh-92Phaghwar, anjirTreeFruitEatenInternalDemulcent laxative, diseases of the lungs and the bladder, cooling agent, laxative0.430.546.43370.580.84Aerial partsPasteExternalFrecklesLatexExternalSkin problem64Ficus carica L/mh-94.PhagwarTreeFruitEatenInternalConstipation, piles, urinary bladder problems, anemia, constipation0.570.6761.9520.810.95LeavesLatexExternalNail wound.LatexRubbingExternalExtract spines from feet or other body organsMyrsinaceae65Myrsine africana Linn./mh-95Gorkhan, chapra, bebrangShrubFruitsPowderInternalAnthelmintic, carminative, stomach tonic, laxative0.360.542.86490.770.84LeavesDecoctionInternalBlood purifierOleaceae66Jasminum mesnyi Hance/mh-97Pili chambaliShrubLeavesPowderExternalDandruff, muscular pains0.50.8366.67510.80.67LeavesChewingInternalMouth ulcersLeavesDecoctionInternalPyorrheaBranchesAshExternalMigraine and small joint painDried flowerPowderInternalHepatic disorders67Ligustrum lucidum W. T. Aiton/mh-99GulistonShrubAerial partsExtractsInternalAntitumor0.070.1711.9230.360.5Onagraceae68Oenothera rosea L.Her. ex Ait/mh-100ButiHerbLeavesInfusionInternalHepatic pain, kidney disorders0.140.3323.81450.70.64Paplionaceae69Sophora mollis Royle Baker/mh-101ShrubShrubFlowersPowderExternalPimples, sun burns, swellings, wounds0.290.539.29210.330.3670Alysicarpus bupleurifolius L. D.C/mh-102HerbHerbLeavesJuiceInternalBlood purification.0.070.1711.9150.230.2271Melilotus alba Desr/mh-104HerbHerbLeavesPasteExternalJoint inflammation0.070.1711.9150.230.372Robinia pseudo-acacia L./mh-105KikarTreeBarkChewingExternalToothache0.070.1711.9310.480.873Desmodium polycarpum DC./mh-107ShrubShrubRootsJuiceInternalFever, cardiac tonic, diuretic, loss of appetite, flatulence, diarrhea, dysentery, nausea, piles, helminthiasis, cough, fever0.860.6776.19340.530.8874Lespedeza juncea Linn.f./mh-108HerbHerbRootJuiceInternalDiarrhorea and dysentery0.140.1715.48260.410.38Pinaceae75Abies pindrow Royle/mh-109Partal, Paluder silver firTreeLeafPasteExternalSwelling0.570.6761.9480.751.03JuiceInternalFeverBarkPowderInternalCough, Chronic asthmaBarkTeaInternalRheumatismResinExternalCuts and woundsRootDecoctionInternalCough, bronchitis76Pinus roxburgii Roxb/mh-111ChirTreeLeaves bark PowderJuiceInternalDysentery0.5175580.911.13ResinPoulticeInternalUlcer, tumors, bleeding, wounds, severe cough, snake bite77Pinus wallichiana A.B. Jackson/mh-112Biar, blue pineTreeResinPoulticeExternalCuts and wounds0.140.1715.48420.660.84Poaceae78Desmostachya bipinnata L. Stapf./ mh-115GrassGrassRootsTeaInternalHypertension0.070.1711.9140.220.1779Poa nepalensis Walls ex. Duthie./mh-117GrassGrassLeavesDecoction mixed with waterExternalAnti lice0.070.1711.9290.450.4280Themeda ananthra Nees ex Steud. Anderss./mh-118GrassGrassAerial partsPoulticeExternalLumbago0.140.3323.81410.640.5LeavesDecoctionInternalBlood purifierPlantaginaceae81Plantago lanceolata L./mh-119IspgolHerbLeavesPasteExternalWounds0.360.542.86530.830.91SeedsExtractInternalTooth ache, dysentery, purgative, haemostaticPodophyllaceae82Podophyllum emodi Wall ex Royle/mh-122BanhakriHerbRootExtractInternalPurgative, stomach diseases, liver and bile diseases0.360.542.86480.750.83Polygonoceae83Rumex hastatus L./mh-124KhatimalShrubRootsJuiceInternalAsthma, cough, and fever, weakness in cattle0.290.539.29320.50.6484Rumex dentatus L./mh-125Jangli palakHerbLeavesPasteExternalWounds0.140.3323.81410.640.59RootsPasteExternalSkin problemsPrimulaceae85Androsace rotundifolia Hardwicke/mh-128HerbHerbRhizomeExtractInternalOphthalmic diseases0.210.535.71250.390.67LeavesInfusionInternalStomach problems, skin diseasesPunicacea86Punica granatum Linn./mh-129DrunaTreeFruitEatenInternalCough, tonic0.50.8366.67520.811LeavesJuiceInternalDysenteryBark stem and rootDecoctionInternalAnthelmintic, especially for tapeworms, mouthwash, expectorantPteridaceae87Pteris cretica L./mh-131FernFernLeavesPasteExternalWounds0.070.1711.990.140.17Ranunculaceae88Anemone tetrasepala Royle/mh-132HerbHerbRootsJuiceExternalBoils0.070.1711.9120.190.3489Aquilegia pubiflora Wall ex Royle./mh-133HerbHerbRootPasteExternalSnake bite, emetic, toothache0.360.542.86370.580.45FlowerPasteExternalSkin burns, wound90Caltha alba Camb. var. alba/mh-136HerbHerbAerial partsJuiceInternalAntispasmodic, sedative0.140.3323.81290.450.2891Clematis buchananiana DC./mh-138LangiShrubLeavesPasteExternalSkin infection, chambal wounds0.360.542.86430.670.75RootsCrushing and wrappingExternalBleeding from noseRootsPoulticeExternalSwellings, inflammationRootsJuiceInternalPeptic ulcers92Clematis montana Buch./mh-139Langi, shrubShrubLeavesExtractInternalDiabetes0.140.3323.81270.420.33FlowersDecoctionInternalCough93Ranunculus muricatus L./mh-140HerbHerbAerial partsCookedInternalAsthma0.070.1711.9140.220.19Rhamnaceae94Ziziphus nummularia (Burm.f.) Wight & Arn./mh-141BerTreeFruitDecoctionExternalDandruff0.210.3327.38510.80.98BarkMixed with Milk and honeyInternalDiarrhea and dysenteryRosaceae95Eriobotrya japonica Thumb. Lindler/mh-142LoquatTreeLeavesPoulticeExternalSwellings0.360.542.86440.690.89FruitsEatenInternalSedative, vomitingLeavesInfusionInternalRelieve diarrheaFlowersInfusionInternalTea96Prunus armeniaca Linn./mh-144Hari, khubani, apricotTreeFruitEatenInternalLaxative0.140.3323.81310.480.39SeedOilExternalSoftening effect on the skin97Prunus domestica Linn./mh-145Lucha, Alu bukharaTreeFruitEatenInternalIrregular menstruation, debility, miscarriage, used for alcoholic beverages and liqueurs0.430.3338.1340.530.8498Prunus persica Linn. Batch/mh-146Aru, peachTreeLeavesJuiceInternalGastritis, whooping cough and bronchitis, kill intestinal worms, remove maggots from wounds in cattle and dogs0.360.542.86440.690.8899Pyrus malus L./mh-147SaibTreeFruitJuice, pasteInternalRheumatism, hypertension, tonic for vigorous body, strengthen bones, face spots0.360.542.86460.720.81100Pyrus pashia Ham.ex D. Don/mh-148ButangiTreeFruitEatenInternalDark circles around the eyes, constipation0.140.3323.81490.770.95101Rosa brunonii Lindl./mh-151Chal, tarni, musk roseShrubFlowerDecoctionInternalConstipation0.50.8366.67570.890.98FlowersPowderInternalDiarrhea, heart tonic, skin and eye diseasesLeafJuiceExternalCuts, wounds102Rubus fruticosus Hk f. non L/mh-153GaracheyShrubLeavesInfusionInternalDiarrhea, fever0.210.535.71320.50.59BarkSoakingInternalDiabetes103Rubus niveus Thunb./mh-154GaracheyShrubLeavesExtractExternalUrticaria0.50.6758.33410.640.69LeavesPowderInternalDiarrhea, fever, and diureticRootDecoctionInternalDysentery, colic pains, whooping coughs104Duchesnea indica (Andrews) Teschem/mh-155BudimewaHerbFruitJuiceInternalEye infection, tonic0.140.3323.81330.520.61105Fragaria nubicola Lindl. ex Lacaita/mh-157Budi meva, Wild StraberryHerbFruitChewedInternalLaxative, purgative, mouth infection0.210.3327.38350.550.5Rubicaceae106Galium aparine L./mh-158LaindaHerbAerial partsPowderExternalBleeding0.070.1711.9150.230.31107Galium asperifolium Wall/mh-159LaindaHerbAerial partsJuiceInternalDiuretic, kidney infections0.140.3323.81220.340.38Rutaceae108Skimmia laureola DC. Sieb/mh-161TreeTreeLeavesPowderedExternalSmallpox, worm problems, colic0.210.535.71480.750.59109Zanthoxylum armatum DC. Prodr/mh-162TimbarShrubFruit, branchesJuiceInternalGas trouble, cholera, stomach disorder, piles, gum, toothache, indigestion0.640.6765.48600.941.13SeedPowder, chewedInternalStomach problems, toothacheSalicaceae110Salix acmophylla Boiss./mh-164Beens, bed, gaithTreeLeavesPaste, boiled with Robinia pseudoacacia and Cotula anthemoidsInternalBoils, hernia, fever and swelling of joints0.360.6751.19510.80.98BranchChewingInternalStomach problems111Salix denticulate Andersson/mh-166BeensTreeStem and root barkBoiledInternalFever, headache and paralysis0.290.6747.62340.530.39Leaves, branchesPasteExternalItching and allergySambucaceae112Sambucus wightiana Wall. ex Wight & Arn./mh-167GandalaHerbFruitEatenInternalStomach problems, expel worms0.140.3323.81190.30.5Sapindaceae113Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn./mh-168Ritha, Soap nutTreeSeedsPowderedExternalInsect killer0.140.3323.81470.730.77FruitsRubbingExternalBurnsSaxifragaceae114Bergenia ciliate Haw. Sternb./mh-170Zakhm-e-HayatHerbAerial partsPowderInternalUrinary tract troubles0.360.542.86290.450.39LeavesJuiceExternalEaracheRootJuiceInternalCough and cold, kidney stonesScorphulariaceae115Verbascum thapsus L./mh-172Gider tabacooHerbRootsDecoctionInternalToothache, cramps, convulsions0.210.3327.38170.270.25Smilicaceae116Smilax glaucophylla Klotroch/mh-174EpiphyteEpiphyteAerial partsInfusionInternalFlatulence, fever, dog bite and spasm0.290.6747.62320.50.55Ulmaceae117Celtis caucasica Willd/mh-175BatkaralTreeAerial partsJuiceInternalColic and amenorrhea0.140.3323.81170.270.45Urticaceae118Debregeasia salicifolia D. Don Rendle/mh-178SandariShrubAerial partsPasteExternalSkin rashes, dermatitis and eczema0.210.1719.05150.230.41Valerianaceae119Valeraina jatamansi Joes./mh-179HerbHerbAerial partsOilInternalConstipation0.070.1711.9190.30.41Violaceae120Viola canescens Wall.ex Roxb./mh-181BanafshaHerbLeavesJuiceInternalCough, cold, fever, jaundice0.290.539.29510.80.84121Viola pilosa Blume./mh-182BanafshaHerbLeavesDecoctionInternalPain, fever, stomach ulcer0.210.535.71470.730.81
    Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]
    '
           if x%3 == 0:
               end = ' \n'
               if i != 1: end+='---------\n';
           char=' '
           if i in ('X','O'): char=i;
           x+=1
           print(char,end=end)
    def select_char():
       chars=('X','O')
       if random.randint(0,1) == 0:
           return chars[::-1]
       return chars
    def can_move(brd, player, move):
       if move in tab and brd[move-1] == move-1:
           return True
       return False
    def can_win(brd, player, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, move):
       places=[]
       x=0
       for i in brd:
           if i == player: places.append(x);
           x+=1
       win=True
       for tup in winners:
           win=True
           for ix in tup:
               if brd[ix] != player:
                   win=False
                   break
           if win == True:
               break
       return win
    def make_move(brd, player, move, undo=False):
       if can_move(brd, player, move):
           brd[move-1] = player
           win=can_win(brd, player, move)
           if undo:
               brd[move-1] = move-1
           return (True, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, win)
       return (False, False)
    // AI goes here
    def computer_move():
       move=-1
       // If I can win, others do not matter.
       for i in range(1,10):
           if make_move(board, computer, i, True)[1]:
               move=i
               break
       if move == -1:
          // If player can win, block him.
           for i in range(1,10):
               if make_move(board, player, i, True)[1]:
                   move=i
                   break
       if move == -1:
           // Otherwise, try to take one of desired places.
           for tup in moves:
               for mv in tup:
                   if move == -1 and can_move(board, computer, mv):
                       move=mv
                       break
       return make_move(board, computer, move)
    def space_exist():
       return board.count('X') + board.count('O') != 9
    player, computer = select_char()
    print('Player is [%s] and computer is [%s]' % (player, computer))
    result='%%% Deuce ! %%%'
    while space_exist():
       print_board()
       print('#Make your move ! [1-9] : ', end='')
       move = int(input())
       moved, won = make_move(board, player, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, move)
       if not moved:
           print(' >> Invalid number ! Try again !')
           continue
       //
       if won:
           result='*** Congratulations ! You won ! ***'
           break
       elif computer_move()[1]:
           result='=== You lose ! =='
           break;
    print_board()
    print(result)

    4. Directory Tree Generator

    Tic- Tac- Toe

    This project is useful for visualizing the relationship between files and directories and making their positioning easy to comprehend. Python OS library can be used to list the files and directories within a specific directory. The excellent frameworks of this project are Docopt and Argparse. 

    Sample Code:

    """ Directory Tree Generator
    ----------------------------------------
    """
    import argparse
    import os
    from walkdir import filtered_walk
    parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='Print the directory-tree code for the LaTeX dirtree package.')
    parser.add_argument(dest='path', type=str, help="Root directory of the tree")
    parser.add_argument('-d', '--maxDepth', dest='maxDepth', type=int, help="Max depth for tree expansion")
    parser.add_argument('-H', '--includeHidden', dest='includeHidden', action='store_true', help='Include hidden files')
    parser.add_argument('-S', '--includeSystem', dest='includeSystem', action='store_true', help='Include system files')
    system_file_names = [".DS_Store"]
    // Delete trailing / in rootDir which can lead to errors
    def delete_trailing_slash(path_name):
       while path_name.endswith('/'):
           path_name = path_name[:-1]
       return path_name
    // Count how many levels deep is the directory with respect to dirRoot
    def get_relative_depth(dir_path, level_offset):
       return dir_path.count(os.path.sep) - level_offset
    // Escape illegal symbols for LaTeX
    def escape_illegal(name):
       illegal_char_array = ['\\', '&', '%', '$', '#', '_', '{', '}', '~', '^']
       for char in illegal_char_array:
           name = name.replace(char, "\\" + char)
       return name
    rootDir = delete_trailing_slash(parser.parse_args().path)
    includeHidden = parser.parse_args().includeHidden
    includeSystem = parser.parse_args().includeSystem
    maxDepth = parser.parse_args().maxDepth
    // if the directory exists
    if os.path.isdir(rootDir) and os.path.exists(rootDir):
       indentChar music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs " "
       // Depth of the root (i.e. number of "/")
       levelOffset = rootDir.count(os.path.sep) - 1
       // Create filter
       excluded_filter = []
       if not includeHidden:
           excluded_filter.append(".*")
       if not includeSystem:
           excluded_filter += system_file_names
       print ("\dirtree{%")
       for dirName, subdirList, fileList in sorted(filtered_walk(rootDir, depth=maxDepth, excluded_dirs=excluded_filter,
                                                          excluded_files=excluded_filter)):
           level = get_relative_depth(dirName, levelOffset)
           baseName = os.path.basename(dirName)
           if level == 1:  // music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs the first level only print the whole path
               print(indentChar + "." + str(level) + " {" + escape_illegal(dirName) + "} .")
           else:
               print(indentChar * level + "." + str(level) + " {" + escape_illegal((os.path.basename(dirName))) + "} .")
           level += 1
           for fileName in sorted(fileList):
               print(indentChar * level + "." + str(level) + " {" + escape_illegal(fileName) + "} .")
       print ("}")
    else:
        print ("Error: root directory not found")

    5. Currency Converter 

    Currency Converter

    This is a straightforward project with a simple GUI. The name quite evidently describes the role of the project is to convert currencies from one unit into another. For example, converting Indian rupee to USD or euro. Tkinter, the standard Python interface can be used to design and develop this application. 

    Sample Code:

    """ Currency Converter
    ----------------------------------------
    """
    import urllib.request
    import json
    def currency_converter(currency_from, currency_to, currency_input):
       yql_base_url = "https://query.yahooapis.com/v1/public/yql"
       yql_query = 'select%20*%20from%20yahoo.finance.xchange%20where%20pair' \
                   '%20in%20("'+currency_from+currency_to+'")'
       yql_query_url = yql_base_url + "?q=" + yql_query + "&format=json&env=store%3A%2F%2Fdatatables.org%2Falltableswithkeys"
       try:
           yql_response = urllib.request.urlopen(yql_query_url)
           try:
               json_string = str(yql_response.read())
               json_string = json_string[2:
               json_string = json_string[:-1]
               print(json_string)
               yql_json = json.loads(json_string)
               last_rate = yql_json['query']['results']['rate']['Rate']
               currency_output = currency_input * float(last_rate)
               return currency_output
           except (ValueError, KeyError, TypeError):
               print(yql_query_url)
               return "JSON format error"
       except IOError as e:
           print(str(e))
    currency_input = 1
    // currency codes : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO_4217
    currency_from = "USD"
    currency_to = "TRY"
    rate = currency_converter(currency_from, currency_to, currency_input)
    print(rate)

    You can also refer here. 

    Advanced Level Project Ideas 

    1. Content Aggregator 

    Surfing through different websites and articles in search of good and authentic content is a time-consuming process. This Python project can help you save time looking for content. A content aggregator searches popular websites in search for relevant content and then complies with all the content and provides the user with unbiased content.

    Sample Code: 

    """ Content Aggregator
    ----------------------------------------
    """
    import urllib, os, requests, datetime, subprocess
    // reddit imports
    import praw, pprint
    // pip install feedparser
    import feedparser
    // stockexchange
    from nsetools import Nse
    // Place your CLIENT_ID & CLIENT_SECRET below
    reddit = praw.Reddit(client_id='XXXXXXX',
                        client_secret='XXXXXXXXXXX',
                        grant_type_access='client_credentials',
                        user_agent='script/1.0')
    // class Reddit:
    //   def TopNews(self):
    //         Add your favorite NEWS subreddits in the argument as many as you'd like.
    //         for submission in reddit.subreddit('News+WorldNews+UpliftingNews+').top(limit=10):
    //             top_news = reddit.domain(submission).top('month')
    //             print(top_news)
    """
    Each class contains functions which further calls
    APIs from the neccesary packages and the rest is
    self explanatory I suppose
    """
    class News:
       def Indian_News(self):
           newsfeed = feedparser.parse(
               "http://feeds.feedburner.com/ndtvnews-india-news"
           )
           print("Today's News: ")
           for i in range(0, 20):
               entry = newsfeed.entries[i]
               print(entry.title)
               print(entry.summary)
               print("------News Link--------")
               print(entry.link)
               print("###########################################")
           print('-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------')
    class Medium:
       // https://github.com/thepracticaldev/dev.to/issues/28#issuecomment-325544385
       def medium_programming(self):
           feed = feedparser.parse(
               "https://medium.com/feed/tag/programming"
           )
           print("Programming Today: ")
           for i in range(10):
               entry = feed.entries[i]
               print(entry.title)
               print("URL: " + entry.link)
               print("###########################################")
           print('-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------')
       def medium_python(self):
           feed_python = feedparser.parse(
               "https://medium.com/feed/tag/python"
           )
           print("Python Today: ")
           for i in range(10):
               entry = feed_python.entries[i]
               print(entry.title)
               print("URL: " + entry.link)
               print("###########################################")
           print('-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------')
       def medium_developer(self):
           feed_developer = feedparser.parse(
               "https://medium.com/feed/tag/developer"
           )
           print("Developer News Today: ")
           for i in range(5):
               entry = feed_developer.entries[i]
               print(entry.title)
               print("URL: " + entry.link)
               print("###########################################")
           print('-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------')
    class StockExchange:
       def nse_stock(self):
           nse = Nse()
           print("TOP GAINERS OF YESTERDAY")
           pprint.pprint(nse.get_top_gainers())
           print("###########################################")
           print("TOP LOSERS OF YESTERDAY")
           pprint.pprint(nse.get_top_losers())
           print("###########################################")
           print('-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------')
    // objects inititalization
    // reddit_object = Reddit()
    News_object = News()
    Medium_object = Medium()
    StockExchange_object = StockExchange()
    if __name__ == "__main__":
       // Functions call of each class
       // reddit_object.TopNews()
       News_object.Indian_News()
       Medium_object.medium_python()
       Medium_object.medium_programming()
       Medium_object.medium_developer()
       StockExchange_object.nse_stock()

    2. Plagiarism Checker 

    With content creation and blogging one of the good businesses in the market everyone wants to try their hands on this but some lack sufficient funds to give their articles a free plagiarism check as mostly plagiarism checkers do not come for free. Building a Python plagiarism checker could be built here using a natural language processing library along with the search API to search the first few pages of Google and detect plagiarism if any. 

    Sample Code:

    """ Plagiarism Checker
    ----------------------------------------
    """
    import click
    from .matcher import Text, ExtendedMatch, Matcher
    import os
    import glob
    import csv
    import logging
    import itertools
    logger = logging.getLogger()
    logger.setLevel(logging.INFO)
    def getFiles(path):
       """ 
       Determines whether a path is a file or directory. 
       If it's a directory, it gets a list of all the text files 
       in that directory, recursively. If not, it gets the file. 
       """
       if os.path.isfile(path): 
           return [path]
       elif os.path.isdir(path): 
           // Get list of all files in dir, recursively.
           return glob.glob(path + "/**/*.txt", recursive=True)
       else: 
           raise click.ClickException("The path %s doesn't appear to be a file or directory" % path) 
    def checkLog(logfile, textpair):
       """ 
       Checks the log file to make sure we haven't already done a particular analysis. 
       Returns True if the pair is in the log already. 
       """
       pairs = []
       logging.debug('Looking in the log for textpair:' % textpair)
       if not os.path.isfile(logfile): 
           logging.debug('No log file found.')
           return None
       with open(logfile, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs as f:
           reader = csv.reader(f)
           for row in reader:
               pairs.append([row[0], row[1]])
       // logging.debug('Pairs already in log: %s' % pairs)
       return textpair in pairs
    def createLog(logfile, columnLabels):
       """ 
       Creates a log file and sets up headers so that it can be easily read 
       as a CSV later. 
       """
       header = ','.join(columnLabels) + '\n'
       with open(logfile, 'w') as f: 
           f.write(header) 
           f.close
    @click.command()
    @click.argument('text1')
    @click.argument('text2')
    @click.option('-t', '--threshold', type=int, default=3, \
           help='The shortest length of match to include in the list of initial matches.')
    @click.option('-c', '--cutoff', type=int, default=5, \
           help='The shortest length of match to include in the final list of extended matches.')
    @click.option('-n', music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, '--ngrams', type=int, default=3, \
           help='The ngram n-value to match against.')
    @click.option('-l', '--logfile', music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, default='log.txt', help='The name of the log file to write to.'
    @click.option('--stops', is_flag=True, help='Include stopwords in matching.', default=False)
    @click.option('--verbose', is_flag=True, help='Enable verbose mode, giving more information.')
    def cli(text1, text2, threshold, cutoff, ngrams, logfile, verbose, stops):
       """ This program finds similar text in two text files. """
       //Determine whether the given path is a file or directory.
       texts1 = getFiles(text1)
       texts2 = getFiles(text2) 
       if verbose: 
           logging.basicConfig(level=logging.DEBUG)
       if stops: 
           logging.debug('Including stopwords in tokenizing.') 
       logging.debug('Comparing this/these text(s): %s' % str(texts1))
       logging.debug('with this/these text(s): %s' % str(texts2))
       pairs = list(itertools.product(texts1, texts2))
       numPairs = len(pairs) 
       logging.debug('Comparing %s pairs.' % numPairs)
       // logging.debug('List of pairs to compare: %s' % pairs)
       logging.debug('Loading files into memory.')
       texts = {}
       prevTextObjs = {}
       for filename in texts1+texts2: 
           with open(filename, errors="ignore") as f: 
               text = f.read() 
           if filename not in texts: 
               texts[filename] = text
       logging.debug('Loading complete.')
       for index, pair in enumerate(pairs): 
           timeStart = os.times().elapsed
           logging.debug('Now comparing pair %s of %s.' % (index+1, numPairs))
           logging.debug('Comparing %s with %s.' % (pair[0], pair[1]))
           // Make sure we haven't already done this pair.
           inLog = checkLog(logfile, [pair[0], pair[1]])
           if inLog is None: 
               // This means that there isn't a log file. Let's set one up.
               // Set up columns and their labels.
               columnLabels = ['Text A', 'Text B', 'Threshold', 'Cutoff', 'N-Grams', 'Num Matches', 'Text A Length', music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, 'Text B Length', 'Locations in A', 'Locations in B']
               logging.debug('No log file found. Setting one up.')
               createLog(logfile, columnLabels)
           if inLog: 
               logging.debug('This pair is already in the log. Skipping.')
               continue
           logging.debug('Processing texts.')
           filenameA, filenameB = pair[0], pair[1]
           textA, textB = texts[filenameA], texts[filenameB]
           // Put Halo Infinite download free Archives in a dictionary so we don't have to process a file twice.
           for filename in [filenameA, filenameB]: 
               if filename not in prevTextObjs: 
                   logging.debug('Processing text: %s' % filename)
                   prevTextObjs[filename] = Text(texts[filename], filename)
           // Just more convenient naming.
           textObjA = prevTextObjs[filenameA]
           textObjB = prevTextObjs[filenameB]
           // Reset the table of previous text objects, so we don't overload memory.
           // This means we'll only remember the previous two texts.
           prevTextObjs =
           // Do the matching.
           myMatch = Matcher(textObjA, textObjB, threshold=threshold, cutoff=cutoff, ngramSize=ngrams, removeStopwords=stops)
           myMatch.match()
           timeEnd = os.times().elapsed
           timeElapsed = timeEnd-timeStart
           logging.debug('Matching completed in %s seconds.' music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs timeElapsed)
           // Write to the log, but only if a match is found.
           if myMatch.numMatches > 0: 
               logItems = [pair[0], pair[1], threshold, cutoff, ngrams, myMatch.numMatches, myMatch.textA.length, myMatch.textB.length, str(myMatch.locationsA), str(myMatch.locationsB)]
               logging.debug('Logging items: %s' % str(logItems))
               line = ','.join(['"%s"' % music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs for item in logItems]) + '\n'
               f = open(logfile, 'a')
               f.write(line)
               f.close()
    if __name__ == '__main__':
        cli()

    3. Web Crawler 

    Web crawler project is an automated script designed to surf the internet and store the content of certain webpages. A web crawler is especially useful to find up-to-date information using multi-thread concepts in its program.  A crawler bot is built using Python’s request module or Scrapy, a Python’s open-source web crawling framework explicitly designed for web scraping and extracting data by using APIs. Here you can see this python project source code.

    Sample Code:

    """ Web Crawler
    ----------------------------------------
    """
    import re
    import sys
    import time
    import math
    import urllib2
    import urlparse
    import optparse
    import hashli
    from cgi import escape
    from traceback import format_exc
    from Queue import Queue, Empty as QueueEmpty
    from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
    class Link (object):
       def __init__(self, src, dst, link_type):
           self.src = src
           self.dst = dst
           self.link_type = link_type
       def __hash__(self):
           return hash((self.src, self.dst, self.link_type))
       def __eq__(self, other):
           return (self.src == other.src and
                   self.dst == other.dst and
                   self.link_type == other.link_type)
       def __str__(self):
           return self.src + " -> " + self.dst
    class Crawler(object):
       def __init__(self, root, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, depth_limit, confine=None, exclude=[], locked=True, filter_seen=True):
           self.root = root
           self.host = urlparse.urlparse(root)[1]
           ## Data for filters:
           self.depth_limit = depth_limit # Max depth (number of hops from root)
           self.locked = locked           # Limit search to a single host?
           self.confine_prefix=confine    # Limit search to this prefix
           self.exclude_prefixes=exclude; # URL prefixes NOT to visit
           self.urls_seen = set()          # Used to avoid putting duplicates in queue
           self.urls_remembered = set()    # For reporting to user
           self.visited_links= set()       # Used to avoid re-processing a page
           self.links_remembered = set()   # For reporting to user
           self.num_links = 0              # Links found (and not excluded by filters)
           self.num_followed = 0           # Links followed.  
           # Pre-visit filters:  Only visit a URL if it passes these tests
           self.pre_visit_filters=[self._prefix_ok,
                                   self._exclude_ok,
                                   self._not_visited,
                                   self._same_host]
           // Out-url filters: When examining a visited page, only process
           // links where the target matches these filters.       
           if filter_seen:
               self.out_url_filters=[self._prefix_ok,
                                        self._same_host]
           else:
               self.out_url_filters=[]
       def _pre_visit_url_condense(self, url):
           """ Reduce (condense) URLs into some canonical form before
           visiting.  All occurrences of equivalent URLs are treated as
           identical.
           All this does is strip the \"fragment\" component from URLs,
           so that http://foo.com/blah.html\#baz becomes
           http://foo.com/blah.html """
           base, frag = urlparse.urldefrag(url)
           return base
       // URL Filtering functions.  These all use information from the
       // state of the Crawler to evaluate whether a given URL should be
       // used in some context.  Return value of True indicates that the
       // URL should be used.
       def _prefix_ok(self, url):
           """Pass if the URL has the correct prefix, or none is specified"""
           return (self.confine_prefix is None  or
                   url.startswith(self.confine_prefix))
       def _exclude_ok(self, url):
           """Pass if the URL does not match any exclude patterns"""
           prefixes_ok = [ not url.startswith(p) for p in self.exclude_prefixes]
           return all(prefixes_ok)
       def _not_visited(self, url):
           """Pass if the URL has not already been visited"""
           return (url not in self.visited_links)
       def _same_host(self, url):
           """Pass if the URL is on the same host as the root URL"""
           try:
               host = urlparse.urlparse(url)[1]
               return re.match(".*%s" % self.host, host) 
           except Exception, e:
               print >> sys.stderr, "ERROR: Can't process url '%s' (%s)" % (url, e)
               return False
       def crawl(self):
           """ Main function in the crawling process.  Core algorithm is:
           q <- starting page
           while q not empty:
              url <- q.get()
              if url is new and suitable:
                 page <- fetch(url)   
                 q.put(urls found in page)
              else:
                 nothing
           new and suitable means that we don't re-visit URLs we've seen
           already fetched, and user-supplied criteria like maximum
           search depth are checked. """
           q = Queue()
           q.put((self.root, 0))
           while not q.empty():
               this_url, depth = q.get()
               #Non-URL-specific filter: Discard anything over depth limit
               if depth > self.depth_limit:
                   continue
               //Apply URL-based filters.
               do_not_follow = [f for f in self.pre_visit_filters if not f(this_url)]
               #Special-case depth 0 (starting URL)
               if depth == 0 and [] != do_not_follow:
                   print >> sys.stderr, "Whoops! Starting URL %s rejected by the following filters:", do_not_follow
              //If no filters failed (that is, all passed), process URL
               if [] == do_not_follow:
                   try:
                       self.visited_links.add(this_url)
                       self.num_followed += 1
                       page = Fetcher(this_url)
                       page.fetch()
                       for link_url in [self._pre_visit_url_condense(l) for l in page.out_links()]:
                           if link_url not in self.urls_seen:
                               q.put((link_url, depth+1))
                               self.urls_seen.add(link_url)
                           do_not_remember = [f for f in self.out_url_filters if not f(link_url)]
                           if [] == do_not_remember:
                                   self.num_links += 1
                                   self.urls_remembered.add(link_url)
                                   link = Link(this_url, link_url, "href")
                                   if link not in self.links_remembered:
                                       self.links_remembered.add(link)
                   except Exception, e:
                       print >>sys.stderr, "ERROR: Can't process url '%s' (%s)" % (this_url, e)
                       #print format_exc()
    class OpaqueDataException (Exception):
       def __init__(self, message, mimetype, url):
           Exception.__init__(self, message)
           self.mimetype=mimetype
           self.url=url
    class Fetcher(object):
       """The name Fetcher is a slight misnomer: This class retrieves and interprets web pages."""
       def __init__(self, url):
           self.url = url
           self.out_urls = []
       def __getitem__(self, x):
           return self.out_urls[x]
       def out_links(self):
           return self.out_urls
       //def _addHeaders(self, request):
       //    request.add_header("User-Agent", AGENT)
       def _open(self):
           url = self.url
           try:
               request = urllib2.Request(url)
               handle = urllib2.build_opener()
           except IOError:
               return None
           return (request, handle)
       def fetch(self):
           request, handle = self._open()
           #self._addHeaders(request)
           if handle:
               try:
                   data=handle.open(request)
                   mime_type=data.info().gettype()
                   url=data.geturl();
                   if mime_type != "text/html":
                       raise OpaqueDataException("Not interested in files of type %s" % mime_type,
                                                 mime_type, url)
                   content = unicode(data.read(), "utf-8",
                           errors="replace")
                   soup = BeautifulSoup(content)
                   tags = soup('a')
               except urllib2.HTTPError, error:
                   if error.code == 404:
                       print >> sys.stderr, "ERROR: %s -> %s" % (error, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, error.url)
                   else:
                       print >> sys.stderr, "ERROR: %s" % error
                   tags = []
               except urllib2.URLError, error:
                   print >> sys.stderr, "ERROR: %s" % error
                   tags = []
               except OpaqueDataException, error:
                   print >>sys.stderr, "Skipping %s, has type %s" % (error.url, error.mimetype)
                   tags = []
               for tag in tags:
                   href = tag.get("href")
                   if music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs is not None:
                       url = urlparse.urljoin(self.url, escape(href))
                       if url not in self:
                           self.out_urls.append(url)
    def getLinks(url):
       page = Fetcher(url)
       page.fetch()
       """for i, url in enumerate(page):
           print "%d. %s" % (i, url) """
       j = 1
       for i, url in enumerate(page):
           if url.find("http")>=0:
               print "%d. %s" % (j, url)
               j = j + 1
    def parse_options():
       """parse_options() -> opts, args
       Parse any command-line options given returning both
       the parsed options and arguments.
       """
       parser = optparse.OptionParser()
       parser.add_option("-q", "--quiet",
               action="store_true", default=False, dest="quiet",
               help="Enable quiet mode")
       parser.add_option("-l", "--links",
               action="store_true", default=False, dest="links",
               help="Get links for specified url only")    
       parser.add_option("-d", "--depth",
               action="store", type="int", default=30, dest="depth_limit",
               help="Maximum depth to traverse")
       parser.add_option("-c", "--confine",
               action="store", type="string", dest="confine",
               help="Confine crawl to specified prefix")
       parser.add_option("-x", "--exclude", action="append", type="string",
                         dest="exclude", default=[], help="Exclude URLs by prefix")
       parser.add_option("-L", "--show-links", action="store_true", default=False,
                         dest="out_links", help="Output links found")
       parser.add_option("-u", music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, action="store_true", default=False,
                         dest="out_urls", help="Output URLs found")
       parser.add_option("-D", "--dot", action="store_true", default=False,
                         dest="out_dot", help="Output Graphviz dot file")
       opts, args = parser.parse_args()
       if len(args) < 1:
           parser.print_help(sys.stderr)
           raise SystemExit, 1
       if opts.out_links and opts.out_urls:
           parser.print_help(sys.stderr)
           parser.error("options -L and -u are mutually exclusive")
       return opts, args
    class DotWriter:
       """ Formats a collection of Link objects as a Graphviz (Dot)
       graph.  Mostly, this means creating a node for each URL with a
       name which Graphviz will accept, and declaring links between those
       nodes."""
       def __init__ (self):
           self.node_alias = {}
       def _safe_alias(self, url, silent=False):
           """Translate URLs into unique strings guaranteed to be safe as
           node names in the Graphviz language.  Currently, that's based
           on the md5 digest, in hexadecimal."""
           if url in self.node_alias:
               return self.node_alias[url]
           else:
               m = hashlib.md5()
               m.update(url)
               name = "N"+m.hexdigest()
               self.node_alias[url]=name
               if not silent:
                   print "\t%s [label=\"%s\"];" % (name, url)                
               return name
       def asDot(self, links):
           """ Render a collection of Link objects as a Dot graph"""
           print "digraph Crawl {"
           print "\t edge [K=0.2, len=0.1];"
           for l in links:            
               print "\t" + self._safe_alias(l.src) + " -> " + self._safe_alias(l.dst) + ";"
           print  "}"
    def main():   
       opts, args = parse_options()
       url = args[0]
       if opts.links:
           getLinks(url)
           raise SystemExit, 0
       depth_limit = opts.depth_limit
       confine_prefix=opts.confine
       exclude=opts.exclude
       sTime = time.time()
       print >> sys.stderr,  "Crawling %s (Max Depth: %d)" % (url, depth_limit)
       crawler = Crawler(url, depth_limit, confine_prefix, exclude)
       crawler.crawl()
       if opts.out_urls:
           print "\n".join(crawler.urls_seen)
       if opts.out_links:
           print "\n".join([str(l) for l in crawler.links_remembered])
       if opts.out_dot:
           d = DotWriter()
           d.asDot(crawler.links_remembered)
       eTime = time.time()
       tTime = eTime - sTime
       print >> sys.stderr, "Found:    %d" % crawler.num_links
       print >> sys.stderr, "Followed: %d" % crawler.num_followed
       print >> sys.stderr, "Stats:    (%d/s after %0.2fs)" % (
               int(math.ceil(float(crawler.num_links) / tTime)), tTime)
    if __name__ == "__main__":
        main()

    4. Music Player 

    Music Player

    How about building your personal music player? This really sounds exciting to me. Create and build not just any other music app but also aa app which searches through files and explores your program directories in search of music. Build an interactive interface to be used by other users as well. 

    Consider adding features like music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs through tracks, volume control, song/artist/ album/ movie display, database management, algorithm construction, and data processing to develop a fully-featured interactive app.  

    Sample Code: 

    """ Music Player
    ----------------------------------------
    """
    import os
    import threading
    import time
    import tkinter.messagebox
    from tkinter import *
    from tkinter import filedialog
    from tkinter import ttk
    from ttkthemes import themed_tk as tk
    from mutagen.mp3 import MP3
    from pygame import mixer
    root = tk.ThemedTk()
    root.get_themes()                 // Returns a list of all themes that can be set
    root.set_theme("radiance")        // Sets an available theme
    // Fonts - Arial (corresponds to Helvetica), Courier New (Courier), Comic Sans MS, Fixedsys,
    // MS Sans Serif, MS Serif, Symbol, System, Times New Roman (Times), and Verdana
    //
    // Styles - normal, bold, roman, italic, underline, and overstrike.
    statusbar = ttk.Label(root, text="Welcome to Melody", relief=SUNKEN, anchor=W, font='Times 10 italic')
    statusbar.pack(side=BOTTOM, fill=X)
    // Create the menubar
    menubar = Menu(root)
    root.config(menu=menubar)
    // Create the submenu
    subMenu = Menu(menubar, tearoff=0)
    playlist = []
    // playlist - contains the full path + filename
    // playlistbox - contains just the filename
    // Fullpath + filename is required to play the music inside play_music load function
    def browse_file():
       global filename_path
       filename_path = filedialog.askopenfilename()
       add_to_playlist(filename_path)
       mixer.music.queue(filename_path)
    def add_to_playlist(filename):
       filename = os.path.basename(filename)
       index = 0
       playlistbox.insert(index, filename)
       playlist.insert(index, filename_path)
       index += 1
    menubar.add_cascade(label="File", menu=subMenu)
    subMenu.add_command(label="Open", command=browse_file)
    subMenu.add_command(label="Exit", command=root.destroy)
    def about_us():
       tkinter.messagebox.showinfo('About Melody', 'This is a music player build using Python Tkinter by @attreyabhatt')
    subMenu = Menu(menubar, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, tearoff=0)
    menubar.add_cascade(label="Help", menu=subMenu)
    subMenu.add_command(label="About Us", command=about_us)
    mixer.init()  // initializing the mixer
    root.title("Melody")
    root.iconbitmap(r'images/melody.ico')
    // Root Window - StatusBar, LeftFrame, RightFrame
    // LeftFrame - The listbox (playlist)
    // RightFrame - TopFrame,MiddleFrame and the BottomFrame
    leftframe = Frame(root)
    leftframe.pack(side=LEFT, padx=30, pady=30)
    playlistbox = Listbox(leftframe)
    playlistbox.pack()
    addBtn = ttk.Button(leftframe, text="+ Add", music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, command=browse_file)
    addBtn.pack(side=LEFT)
    def del_song():
       selected_song = playlistbox.curselection()
       selected_song = int(selected_song[0])
       playlistbox.delete(selected_song)
       playlist.pop(selected_song)
    delBtn = ttk.Button(leftframe, text="- Del", command=del_song)
    delBtn.pack(side=LEFT)
    rightframe = Frame(root)
    rightframe.pack(pady=30)
    topframe = Frame(rightframe)
    topframe.pack()
    lengthlabel = ttk.Label(topframe, text='Total Length : --:--')
    lengthlabel.pack(pady=5)
    currenttimelabel = ttk.Label(topframe, text='Current Time : --:--', relief=GROOVE)
    currenttimelabel.pack()
    def show_details(play_song):
       file_data = os.path.splitext(play_song)
       if file_data[1] == '.mp3':
           audio = MP3(play_song)
           total_length = audio.info.length
       else:
           a = mixer.Sound(play_song)
           total_length = a.get_length()
       // div - total_length/60, mod - total_length % 60
       mins, secs = divmod(total_length, 60)
       mins = round(mins)
       secs = round(secs)
       timeformat = '{:02d}:{:02d}'.format(mins, secs)
       lengthlabel['text'] = "Total Length" + ' - ' + timeformat
       t1 = threading.Thread(target=start_count, args=(total_length,))
       t1.start()
    def start_count(t):
       global paused
       // mixer.music.get_busy(): - Returns FALSE when we press the stop button (music stop playing)
       // Continue - Ignores all of the statements below it. We check if music is paused or not.
       current_time = 0
       while current_time <= t and mixer.music.get_busy():
           if paused:
               continue
           else:
               mins, secs = divmod(current_time, 60)
               mins = round(mins)
               secs = round(secs)
               timeformat = '{:02d}:{:02d}'.format(mins, secs)
               currenttimelabel['text'] = "Current Time" + ' - ' + timeformat
               time.sleep(1)
               current_time += 1
    def play_music():
       global paused
       if paused:
           mixer.music.unpause()
           statusbar['text'] = "Music Resumed"
           paused = FALSE
       else:
           try:
               stop_music()
               time.sleep(1)
               selected_song = playlistbox.curselection()
               selected_song = int(selected_song[0])
               play_it = playlist[selected_song]
               mixer.music.load(play_it)
               mixer.music.play()
               statusbar['text'] = "Playing music" + ' - ' + os.path.basename(play_it)
               show_details(play_it)
           except:
               tkinter.messagebox.showerror('File not found', 'Melody could not find the Pinnacle Studio 24.1.0.260 Ultimate Crack Full Version Serial Keygen Download 2021. Please check again.')
    def stop_music():
       mixer.music.stop()
       statusbar['text'] = "Music Stopped"
    paused = FALSE
    def pause_music():
       global paused
       paused = TRUE
       mixer.music.pause()
       statusbar['text'] = "Music Paused"
    def rewind_music():
       play_music()
       statusbar['text'] = "Music Rewinded"
    def set_vol(val):
       volume = float(val) / 100
       mixer.music.set_volume(volume)
       // set_volume of mixer takes value only from 0 to 1. Example - 0, 0.1,0.55,0.54.0.99,1
    muted = FALSE
    def mute_music():
       global muted
       if muted:  // Unmute the music
           mixer.music.set_volume(0.7)
           volumeBtn.configure(image=volumePhoto)
           scale.set(70)
           muted = FALSE
       else:  // mute the music
           mixer.music.set_volume(0)
           volumeBtn.configure(image=mutePhoto)
           scale.set(0)
           muted = TRUE
    middleframe = Frame(rightframe)
    middleframe.pack(pady=30, padx=30)
    playPhoto = PhotoImage(file='images/play.png')
    playBtn = ttk.Button(middleframe, image=playPhoto, command=play_music)
    playBtn.grid(row=0, column=0, padx=10)
    stopPhoto = PhotoImage(file='images/stop.png')
    stopBtn = ttk.Button(middleframe, image=stopPhoto, command=stop_music)
    stopBtn.grid(row=0, column=1, padx=10)
    pausePhoto = PhotoImage(file='images/pause.png')
    pauseBtn = ttk.Button(middleframe, image=pausePhoto, command=pause_music)
    pauseBtn.grid(row=0, column=2, padx=10)
    // Bottom Frame for volume, rewind, mute etc.
    bottomframe = Frame(rightframe)
    bottomframe.pack()
    rewindPhoto = PhotoImage(file='images/rewind.png')
    rewindBtn = ttk.Button(bottomframe, image=rewindPhoto, command=rewind_music)
    rewindBtn.grid(row=0, column=0)
    mutePhoto = PhotoImage(file='images/mute.png')
    volumePhoto = PhotoImage(file='images/volume.png')
    volumeBtn = ttk.Button(bottomframe, image=volumePhoto, command=mute_music)
    volumeBtn.grid(row=0, column=1)
    scale = ttk.Scale(bottomframe, from_=0, to=100, orient=HORIZONTAL, command=set_vol)
    scale.set(70)  # implement the default value of scale when music player starts
    mixer.music.set_volume(0.7)
    scale.grid(row=0, column=2, vray crack Archives, padx=30)
    def on_closing():
       stop_music()
       root.destroy()
    root.protocol("WM_DELETE_WINDOW", on_closing)
    root.mainloop()

    5. Instagram Photo Downloader 

    This application comes handy when you wish to delete an Instagram account but wish to keep your collection of images. As this app uses user credentials to open their account and then look for their friend’s ID and download their photos.

    Sample Code:

    """ Instagram Photo Downloader
    ----------------------------------------
    """
    from sys import argv
    import urllib
    from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
    import datetime
    def ShowHelp():
       print 'Insta Image Downloader'
       print ''
       print 'Usage:'
       print 'insta.py [OPTION] [URL]'
       print ''
       print 'Options:'
       print '-u [Instagram URL]\tDownload single photo from Instagram URL'
       print '-f [File path]\t\tDownload Instagram photo(s) using file list'
       print '-h, --help\t\tShow this help message'
       print ''
       print 'Example:'
       print 'python insta.py -u https://instagram.com/p/xxxxx'
       print 'python insta.py -f /home/username/filelist.txt'
       print ''
       exit()
    def DownloadSingleFile(fileURL):
       print 'Downloading image.'
       f = urllib.urlopen(fileURL)
       htmlSource = f.read()
       soup = BeautifulSoup(htmlSource,'html.parser')
       metaTag = soup.find_all('meta', {'property':'og:image'})
       imgURL = metaTag[0]['content']
       fileName = datetime.datetime.now().strftime("%Y-%m-%d_%H:%M:%S") Advanced Installer 15.6 crack Archives '.jpg'
       urllib.urlretrieve(imgURL, fileName)
       print 'Done. Image saved to disk as ' + fileName
    if __name__ == '__main__':
       if len(argv) == 1:
           ShowHelp()
       if argv[1] in ('-h', '--help'):
           ShowHelp()
       elif argv[1] == '-u':
           instagramURL = argv[2]
           DownloadSingleFile(instagramURL)
       elif argv[1] == '-f':
           filePath = argv[2]
           f = open(filePath)
           line = f.readline()
           while line:
               instagramURL = line.rstrip('\n')
               DownloadSingleFile(instagramURL)
               line = f.readline()
            f.close()

    Conclusion 

    This brings us to the fun-filled Python project ideas. I hope you too found it exciting to read as much as I did writing it. So put all your theoretical learning together and implement it practically to increase your Python coding skills. Creating projects could be a plus while you look for jobs, you may also consider reading Python Interview Questions for your competitive preparation. 

    Want to master Python programming? Python Mega Course: Build 10 Real World Applications is a highly rated and recommended course for learning Python.

    Which project do you prefer to build? Or have you already built some of them? What’s your feedback on those projects? Share with us we would love to hear from you and also motivate other Python developers. 

    People are also reading:

  • Simran Kaur Arora

    Simran Kaur Arora

    Simran works at Hackr as a technical writer. The graduate in MS Computer Science from the well known CS hub, aka Silicon Valley, is also an editor of the website. She enjoys writing about any tech topic, including programming, algorithms, cloud, data science, and AI. Traveling, sketching, and gardening are the hobbies that interest her. View all posts by the Author

    Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

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    Contemporary R&B

    Rhythm and blues music genre

    For the parent genre, see Rhythm and blues.

    Contemporary R&B (or just R&B) is a music genre that combines rhythm and blues with elements of pop, soul, funk, hip hop and electronic music.

    The genre features a distinctive record production style, drum machine-backed rhythms, pitch corrected vocals, and a smooth, lush style of vocal arrangement. Electronic influences are becoming an increasing trend and the use of hip hop or dance-inspired beats are typical, although the roughness and grit inherent in hip hop may be reduced and smoothed out. Contemporary R&B vocalists often use melisma, popularized by vocalists such as Michael Jackson, Stevie Wonder,[1]Whitney Houston,[1][2]Mariah Carey[3][4][5] and Beyoncé.[6] As of late 2000, contemporary R&B rhythms are being combined with elements of hip hop and pop music.

    Pre-history[edit]

    According to Geoffrey Himes speaking in 1989, the progressive soul movement of the early 1970s "expanded the musical and lyrical boundaries of [R&B] in ways that haven't been equaled since". This movement was led by soul singer-songwriter/producers such as Curtis Mayfield, Marvin Gaye, and Stevie Wonder.[7]Norman Whitfield's productions at Motown, the record label of Gaye, were also pioneering for setting the soul vocals and simple hooks of earlier rhythm and blues records against strong backbeats, vocal harmonies, and orchestral sounds, all of which thickened the texture of the music. Gaye's own music on albums such as What's Going On (1971) incorporated jazz influences that led the genre into a looser musical direction.[8]

    The nearest precursor to contemporary R&B came at the end of the disco era in the late 1970s, when Michael Jackson and Quincy Jones added more electronic elements to the sound of the time, creating a smoother dancefloor-friendly style.[8] The first result was Off the Wall (1979), which—according to Stephen Thomas Erlewine from AllMusic—"was a visionary album, that found a way to break disco wide open into a new world where the beat was undeniable, but not the primary focus" and "was part of a colorful tapestry of lush ballads and strings, smooth soul and pop, soft rock, and alluring funk".[9]

    Richard J. Ripani wrote that Janet Jackson's Control (1986) was "important to the development of R&B for a number of reasons", as she and her producers, Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis, "crafted a new sound that fuses the rhythmic elements of funk and disco, along with heavy doses of synthesizers, percussion, sound effects, and a rap music sensibility."[10] Ripani wrote that "the success of "Control" led to the incorporation of stylistic traits of rap over the next few years, and Janet Jackson was to continue to be one of the leaders in that development."[10] That same year, Teddy Riley began producing R&B recordings that included hip hop influences. This combination of R&B style and hip hop rhythms was termed "new jack swing" and was applied to artists such as Michael Jackson, Bobby Brown and Bell Biv DeVoe.

    1990s[edit]

    In contrast to the works of Boyz II Men, Babyface and similar artists, other R&B artists and groups from this same period began adding even more of a hip-hop sound to their work, like the innovative group Jodeci. The synthesizer-heavy rhythm tracks of new jack swing were replaced by grittier East Coast hip hop-inspired backing tracks, resulting in a genre labeled "hip hop soul" by Mary J. Blige and producer Sean Combs who also had mentored group Jodeci in the beginning and helped them with their unique look. The style became less popular by the end of the 1990s, but later experienced a resurgence. In 1990, Mariah Carey released "Vision of Love" as her debut single. It was immensely popular peaking at number 1 in many worldwide charts including the Billboard Hot 100, and it propelled Mariah's career, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs. The song is usually said to have popularized the use of melisma and brought it into mainstream R&B.

    During the mid-1990s, Whitney Houston's The Bodyguard: Original Soundtrack Album eventually sold over 45 million copies worldwide becoming the best-selling soundtrack of all time.[14]Janet Jackson's self-titled fifth studio album janet. (1993), which came after her multimillion-dollar contract with Virgin Records, sold over 14 million copies worldwide.[15] Boyz II Men and Mariah Carey recorded several Billboard Hot 100 No. 1 hits, including "One Sweet Day", a collaboration between both acts, which became the longest-running No. 1 hit in Hot 100 history. Carey also released a remix of her 1995 single "Fantasy", with Ol' Dirty Bastard as a feature, a collaboration format that was unheard of at this point. Carey, Boyz II Men and TLC released albums in 1994 and 1995—Daydream.

    In the late 1990s, neo soul, which added 1970s soul influences to the hip hop soul blend, arose, led by artists such as Erykah Badu, Lauryn Hill and Maxwell. Hill and Missy Elliott further blurred the line between R&B and hip hop by recording both styles. Beginning in 1995, the Grammy Awards enacted the Grammy Award for Best R&B Album, with II by Boyz II Men becoming the first recipient. The award was later received by TLC for CrazySexyCool in 1996, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, Tony Rich for Words in 1997, Erykah Badu for Baduizm in 1998 and Lauryn Hill for The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill in 1999. At the end of 1999, Billboard music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs ranked Mariah Carey and Janet Jackson as the first and second most successful artists of the 1990s.[16]

    Simultaneously, in the second half of the 1990s, The Neptunes and Timbaland set influential precedence on contemporary R&B and hip hop music.[17]

    R&B acts such as Michael Jackson, Whitney Houston, Janet Jackson and Mariah Carey are some of the best-selling music artists of all time.

    2000s[edit]

    See also: Album era § 2000s: Decline in the digital age, shift to pop and urban

    Following periods of fluctuating success, urban music attained commercial dominance during the early 2000s, which featured massive crossover success on the Billboard charts by R&B and hip hop artists.[20]

    In 2001, Alicia Keys released "Fallin'" as her debut single. It peaking at number one on the Billboard Hot 100, Mainstream Top 40 and Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs charts. It won three Grammy Awards in 2002, including Song of the Year, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, Best R&B Music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, and Best Female R&B Vocal Performance. It was also nominated for Record of the Year.[22]Beyoncé's solo studio debut album Dangerously in Love (2003) has sold over 5 million copies in the United States and earned five Grammy Awards.[23][24]

    Usher's Confessions (2004) sold 1.1 million copies in its first week[25] and over 8 million copies in 2004, since then it has been certified Diamond by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) and, as of 2016, has sold over 10 million copies in the US and over 20 million copies worldwide. Confessions had four consecutive Billboard Hot 100 number one singles—"Yeah!", "Burn", "Confessions Part II" and "My Boo".[26] It won three Grammy Awards in 2005, including Best Contemporary R&B Album, Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal for "My Boo" and Best Rap/Sung Collaboration for "Yeah!"[27]

    In 2004, all 12 songs that topped the Billboard Hot 100 were African-American recording artists and accounted for 80% of the number-one R&B hits that year.[20] Along with Usher's streak of singles, Top 40 radio and both pop and R&B charts were topped by Outkast's "Hey Ya!", Snoop Dogg's "Drop It Like It's Hot", Terror Squad's "Lean Back" and Ciara's "Goodies".[20] Chris Molanphy of "The Village Voice" later remarked that "by the early 2000s, urban music "was" pop music."[20]

    Between 2005 and 2009 Raymond, Knowles and Keys released albums—B'Day, Here I Stand, I Am. Sasha Fierce and The Element of Freedom.

    Mariah Carey's The Emancipation of Mimi (2005) debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 and earned ten Grammy Award nominations. Second single "We Belong Together" topped the Hot 100 charts for 14 weeks, and was later hailed "song of the decade" and won a Grammy Award for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance in 2006.

    The mid-2000s came with the emergence of new R&B acts Ashanti, Keyshia Cole and Akon. Ashanti's eponymous debut album topped both US Billboard 200 and Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums charts. It earned her three Grammy nominations winning one for the Best Contemporary R&B Album. R&B newcomer Chris Brown released his self-titled album in 2005 which debuted at number two on the "Billboard" 200. His debut single "Run It!" peaked on the Billboard Hot music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs and the US Radio Songs.

    During this time also came the emergence of R&B songwriters.[28]Bryan-Michael Cox co-wrote Usher's "Burn" and "Confessions Part Music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs (2005), Mariah Carey's "Shake It Off" and "Don't Forget About Us" (2006), and Chris Brown's "Say Goodbye" (2006).[29]Keri Hilson would co-write songs Mary J. Blige's "Take Me as I Am" (2006), Omarion's "Ice Box" (2006), and Ciara's "Like a Boy" (2006).[30]Rico Love co-wrote Usher's "Throwback" (2005), Keri Hilson's "Energy" (2008), Pleasure P's "Boyfriend #2" (2008).[31]The-Dream wrote Rihanna's music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs (2007), J. Holiday's "Bed" and Usher's "Moving Mountains" and "Trading Places" (2008).[32]Ne-Yo wrote Mario's "Let Me Love You", Rihanna's "Take a Bow" and "Unfaithful", and Beyoncé's "Irreplaceable" (2006).[33]

    According to Billboard, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, the most commercially successful R&B acts of the decade were Usher, Alicia Keys, Beyoncé, Mariah Carey, Rihanna, Chris Brown and Ne-Yo.[34]

    2010s[edit]

    See also: Alternative R&B

    Continuing from the 1990s and 2000s, R&B, like many other genres, drew influences from the technical innovations of the time and began to incorporate more electronic and machine-made sounds and instruments. The use of effects such as Auto-Tune and new computerized synths have music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs R&B a more futuristic feel while still attempting to incorporate many of the genre's common themes such as love and relationships.

    These days almost all R&B goes for voice-plus-sound rather than voice-plus-song, with the sound ranging from precision track-and-hook to idiosyncratic atmospherics.

    — Christgau (Vice, 2017)[35]

    Early 2010s artists such as Kelly Rowland, Ne-Yo, Usher, and Chris Brown began embracing new electronic influences while still keeping R&B's original feel. Kelly Rowland's "Commander",[36] Usher's "OMG",[37] "DJ Got Us Fallin' in Love",[38] "Scream"[39] and "Climax",[40] Chris Brown's "Yeah 3x",[41] "Turn Up the Music"[42] and "Don't Wake Me Up"[43] are all EDM-oriented. As this electronic element continues to grow apparent throughout the genre, contemporary artists like are gaining popularity outside of R&B and continue to collaborate with non-R&B artists.

    Singers Miguel, John Legend and Jeremih are popular in mainstream hip hop for many collaborations with rappers such as Wale, Rick Ross and J. Cole. Today's R&B is far more diverse and incorporates more sonic elements than before, as it expands its appeal and commercial viability.[44]Trap music's influence maintained a strong presence on the music charts with R&B singer Beyoncé's songs "Drunk in Love", "Flawless" and "7/11", Bryson Tiller's debut studio album, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, Trapsoul and Mary J. Blige's "Thick of It".[45]

    Latin R&B is gaining ground since the wave of artists began mixing trap with that sound in the middle of this decade.[46] Spanish-language singles by Alex Rose, Rauw Alejandro and Paloma Mami, which borrow shrewdly from R&B, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, are captivating a global audience.[47] In Latin America, the genre became popular with Alex Rose's "Toda",[47] and Sech's "Otro Trago".[48]

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ ab"R&B". Kustom Beats. Archived from the original on March 15, 2012.
    2. ^Jarret, Michael (October 6, 1998), music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs. "Whitney Houston Syndrome". Sound Tracks: A Musical ABC. Temple University Press. ISBN .
    3. ^Frere-Jones, Sasha (April 3, 2006). "On Top: Mariah Carey's record-breaking career". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on April 20, 2006.
    4. ^""Vision of Love" sets off melisma trend". The Village Voice. February 4, 2003. Archived from the original on November 2, 2014. Retrieved November 2, 2014 – via Mcarchives.com.
    5. ^"The 100 Greatest Singer of All Time : 79 – Mariah Carey". Rolling Stone. November 12, 2008. Archived from the original on March 24, 2010.
    6. ^Browne, David (December 24, 2010). "Trilling Songbirds Clip Their Wings". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 25, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2020.
    7. ^Himes, Geoffrey (August 29, 1989). "Curtis Mayfield". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on March 29, 2021. Retrieved February 1, 2021.
    8. ^ abWard, David (November 2011), music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs. "R&B and Influence: The Producer as Ephebe". Circulation Mag. Archived from the original on February 28, 2020. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
    9. ^Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Michael Jackson – Off the Wall". AllMusic. Archived from the original on December 20, 2015. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
    10. ^ abRipani, Richard J, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs. (2006). The New Blue Music: Changes in Rhythm & Blues, 1950–1999. University Press of Mississippi. pp. 130–155, 186–188. ISBN .
    11. ^Concepcion, Mariel (November 18, 2010). "The Juice Presents Top 50 R&B/Hip-Hop Artists of the Past 25 Years". Billboard. Archived from the original on August 3, 2017. Retrieved December 15, 2014.
    12. ^"Cover Story – R. Kelly". Jet. Vol. 95 no. 5. December 28, 1999 – January 4, 1999. p. 56. ISSN 0021-5996. Archived from the original on March 29, 2021. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
    13. ^"The American Recording Industry Announces its Artists of the Century". Recording Industry Association of America. November 10, 1999. Archived from the original on July 24, 2011.
    14. ^Gipson, Brooklyne (January 26, 2012), music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs. "Adele's "21" Closing in on Billboard Charts Record". BET. Archived from the original on January 23, 2015. Retrieved November 2, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, 2014.
    15. ^Terrell, Ashley G. (May 18, 2018). "Jimmy Jam on Janet Jackson's 2018 Billboard Icon Award: It's "Overdue"". Vibe. Retrieved July 22, 2021.
    16. ^Mayfield, Geoff (December 25, 1999). "Totally '90s: Diary of a decade". Billboard. Vol. 111 no. 112. ISSN 0006-2510.
    17. ^Frere-Jones, Sasha (October 6, 2008). "The Timbaland Era". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on October 1, 2008.
    18. ^Christgau, Robert (September 30, 2003). "The Commoner Queen". The Village Voice. New York. Archived from music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs original on August 20, 2014. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
    19. ^"Usher Crowned Top Hot 100 Artist of Decade". Singersroom. December 22, 2009. Archived from the original on November 10, 2018. Retrieved June 27, 2016.
    20. ^ abcdMolanphy, Chris (July 16, 2012). "100 & Single: The R&B/Hip-Hop Factor in the Music Business's Endless Slump". The Village Voice Blogs. Archived from the original on July 20, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, 2012. Retrieved July 16, 2012.
    21. ^"Artists of the Decade". Billboard. December 11, 2009. Archived from the original on September 12, 2014. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
    22. ^""Fallin'" Wins Song of the Year". Grammy.com. December 2, 2009. Archived from the original on October 2, 2016. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
    23. ^Caulfield, Keith (December 30, 2015). "Beyoncé's 'Dangerously in Love' Album Surpasses 5 Million Sold in U.S."Billboard. Archived from the original on August 11, 2016. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
    24. ^Leopold, Todd (February 9, 2004). "Beyonce tops with five Grammys" (Press release). CNN. Archived from the original on October 19, 2015. Retrieved October 1, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, 2016.
    25. ^Susman, Gary (March 31, 2004). "Usher sells a record-breaking 1.1 million". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on November 18, 2016. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
    26. ^"Usher, Keys Duet Keeps Cozy at No. 1". Billboard. November 4, 2004. Archived from the original on October 8, 2016. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
    27. ^"Artist: Usher". Grammy.com. Archived from the original on June 22, 2020. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
    28. ^Hope, Clover (November 27, 2012). "Unsung Heroes: The 36 Best Songwriters of the 2000s". Vibe, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs. Archived from the original on June 25, 2016. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
    29. ^"Bryan-Michael Cox – Credits". AllMusic. Archived from the original on October 4, 2016. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
    30. ^"Keri Hilson – Credits". AllMusic. Archived from the original on October 14, 2016, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
    31. ^"Rico Love – Credits". AllMusic. Archived from the original on October 14, 2016. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
    32. ^"The-Dream – Credits". AllMusic. Archived from the original on October 6, 2016. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
    33. ^"Ne-Yo – Credits". AllMusic. Archived from the original on October 14, 2016. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
    34. ^"Artists of the Decade Music Chart". Billboard. Archived from the original on July 29, 2011. Retrieved February 8, 2011.
    35. ^Christgau, Robert (March 3, 2017). "On Syd's Depth and Resonance: Expert Witness with Robert Christgau". Vice. Archived from the original on June 2, 2017. Retrieved March 4, 2017.
    36. ^Androids (March 22, 2013). "10 Singers Who Should Make an EDM Album > Kelly Rowland". Complex. Archived from the original on January 12, 2017. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
    37. ^Shipley, Al (August 6, 2014). "20 Biggest Songs of the Summer: The 2010s (So Far)". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on January 12, 2017. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
    38. ^Lamb, Bill. "Top 10 Usher Songs". About.com. Archived from the original on January 5, 2017. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
    39. ^"Usher Wants to Make You "Scream"". Popdust. April 26, 2012. Archived from the original on October 3, 2016. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
    40. ^Khal (July 25, 2013). "Diplo's Most Surprising Production Credits > Usher – "Climax"". Complex. Archived from the original on October 5, 2020. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
    41. ^Wete, Brad (October 21, 2010). "Chris Brown dances through a block party in 'Yeah 3X' video: Watch here". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on May 18, 2016. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
    42. ^Garibaldi, Christina (January 26, 2012). "Chris Brown Drops New Single 'Turn Up the Music'", music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs. MTV News. Archived from the original on January 12, 2017. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
    43. ^"The Wins and Fails of the 2012 BET Awards > Win: Chris Brown performs "Don't Wake Me Up."". Complex. July 2, 2012. Archived from the original on January 12, 2017. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
    44. ^Bat (November 29, 2001). "What is PCUnlocker WinPE 4.6.0 Enterprise Full Version Download. Riddim.ca. Archived from the original on November 2, 2014. Retrieved December 11, 2013.
    45. ^"Listen to Mary J. Blige's Powerful New Song 'Thick ableton live suite login Archives s It'". NPR. Archived from the original on November 25, 2016. Retrieved November 25, 2016.
    46. ^"La playlist que inspiró a la nueva generación del R&B latino". Heabbi (in Spanish). Archived from the original on March 30, 2019. Retrieved August 11, 2019.
    47. ^ abLeight, Elias (January 22, 2019). "Latin Artists Changed Trap Music Forever — R&B Is Next". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on December 7, 2019. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
    48. ^Cobo, Leila (July 22, 2019). "How Rich Music's Father-Son Duo Are Leading the Way For Latin R&B". Billboard. Archived from the original on August 9, 2019. Retrieved September 11, 2019.

    Further reading[edit]

    Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]
    Reviews". Clash. Archived from the original on June 6, 2018. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
  • ^Smith, Courtney E. (June 4, 2018). "Kanye West Struggles On Ye, Album Review". Refinery29. Archived from the original on December 9, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  • ^Sheffield, Rob (June 5, 2018), music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs. "Review: Kanye West's 'Ye' Album, Rob Sheffield Reviews". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on March 23, 2019. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  • ^Carmichael, Rodney; Powers, Ann (June 2, 2018). "2-Sided: Trying To Hear Kanye West's New Album, 'ye,' Through All The Noise". NPR. Retrieved September 1, 2019.
  • ^Sargent, Jordan (June 5, 2018). "Kanye West 'ye' Review". Spin. Archived from the original on March 28, 2019. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  • ^Horton, Ross (June 2, 2018). "Kanye West – ye

    FirstImpressionzFirst Impressions is an interns roundtable review of songs on their first (or second) listen. Each week we review six new songs from the past week, each giving them a score out of five and awarding our pick of the week. This week we pick apart tracks by ZAYN, Nao, Charli XCX, Baauer, Tokimonsta and All Saints.

    Zanda Wilson: If this song was a drink; it would be a non-alcoholic beer, but one that you expected to be alcoholic, and so therefore you are taking on maximum carbs at minimum efficiency. 2 out of 5 

    Sam Murphy: I’m glad that we finally get to hear some of the Malay material from ZAYN and it’s definitely a different vibe to Pillowtalk. His voice is near-perfect and it’s great to hear some runs that we weren’t really able to hear on his 1D tracks but I can’t help but think he’s got more to give us. There’s gotta be some real gritty stuff on the album and that’s what I’m hanging out for. Also I can’t help but think this is a slowed-down version of music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs Gotta Be You. 3.5 out of 5 

    Annie Cooper: I was excited to hear Zayn’s solo stuff initially, but between this and Pillowtalk I can’t help but feel really underwhelmed, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs. I mean, at least with 1D there was that guilty pleasure aspect, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, but this track is kind of just nothing. His vocals are good and so is the production, but quite frankly I can’t remember what it even sounded like and the track stopped playing about two minutes ago. Hopefully his album will come bearing grittier tracks but I’m not getting my hopes up. 2 out of 5 

    Jack Cain: Fuck off,  Zayn. 0 out of 5 

    Meshell Webb: Nice to see Zayn being all grown up…leaving behind the childish realm of boybands and instead writing songs for the next Twilight film (they’re still making those…right?) 1 out of 5 

    Average score: 1.7/5

    Nao
    Fool To Love

    [soundcloud width=”750″ height=”200″]https://soundcloud.com/thisnao/nao-fool-to-love-1[/soundcloud]

    Zanda: If this song was a drink; it would be a spiced rum or music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs, think Sailor Jerrys or even Canadian Club Spiced. Smooth as hell but with a slight kick that you probably weren’t expecting. 4

    Sam: Nao has nailed that funky-electronica aesthetic. It feels like she’s got the perfect toolkit and she’s sticking to it which means all her stuff is starting to music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs really consistent. This is another knockout. It’s effortless but also sounds really modern and fresh. Her voice is interesting but not in your face and it doesn’t seem like she’s forcing anything, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs. So natural and so bloody good.

    Annie: This track grabbed me from the start, and it only got better as it progressed. Something about it is giving me early ’00s vibes, which I can’t get enough of- though it’s still undeniably very modern. 4 Annie’s Pick

    Jack: Another song like this, how fun. This song takes me back to 2013 when the first lot of producers started bringing this sound back. Not modern. Recycled. Kaytranada and Snakehips made this shit when no one cared. Still kinda cool, but yeah, not mind blowing. 3

    Meshell: Will add to my cooking dinner playlist [I like to cook to sexy R&B…what of it?] but I’m with Jack when it comes to the production, it’s incredibly recycled. Luckily, it’s got some solid melodic content going on. 3.5 

    Average score: 3.7/5

    Charli XCX
    Paradise (Feat. Hannah Diamond)

    [soundcloud width=”750″ height=”200″]https://soundcloud.com/vroomvroomrecordings/paradise-2min-edit-charli-xcx-4416[/soundcloud]

    Zanda: If this song was a drink; it would be a European Radler or American hard lemonade. You might be worried about it being overly sweet, but there’s some real substance there. Some may say that they’re not a fan of the style but you music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs surprise yourself by indulging. 4.5 Zanda’s Pick

    Sam: I’m going to be really biased because I love Charli XCX to death and that love only grows stronger with every batshit crazy thing she does. She’s literally just established herself as a mainstream popstar and then she goes and starts her own label and released sugar-high tunes like this just because she wants to make cool shit. It’s a shame commercial radio only accepts different shades of vanilla because this could be a runaway hit if given the chance. 4.5 Sam’s Pick 

    Annie: I don’t know why it took me so long to get into Charli XCX, because this track and everything else she’s released as of late is killer. She’s come a long way since Boom Clap, and i’m very thankful for that. Music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs her future releases follow in this direction, she’ll be making Dc Unlocker Crack (2 Client) v1.00.1422 + Keygen Download Archives big fan out of me. 4

    Jack: Scooter called, they want their Logical Song back. What is this exactly? Sounds like a bunch of Minions shit into a sampler. 1.5 

    Meshell: I would rather listen to the Donald Trump says China REMIXthan ever have music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs listen to this all the way through ever again. 

    Average score: 2.9/5 

    Baauer
    Kung Fu (Feat. Future and Pusha T)

    [soundcloud width=”750″ height=”200″]https://soundcloud.com/baauer/kungfu[/soundcloud]

    Zanda: If this song was a drink; it would be a decent-quality whisky or bourbon. Think perhaps Monkey’s Shoulder or Maker’s Mark. Something that should probably be enjoyed alone but you might find yourself occasionally adding it to a playlist and mixing coke with, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs. 3.5

    Sam: The way I know Baauer is music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs a great job at the moment is because I literally forgot that Harlem Shake existed until it popped up on my feed the other day. He’s forged ahead with dope tunes and this is another one of them. Getting Future on the track at the peak of his career is a clever move and it also helps that he suits the Baauer sound down to the ground. Still, Future adds the melody here but it’s Pusha T who raises hell. 3.5 

    Annie: Getting Future and Pusha T on this track only proves that Baauer is becoming a huge artist in his own right. With that said, I can’t really get into this track. It’s undeniably catchy and I could definitely hear this being played in clubs, but it’s just not for me. It feels incomplete, as though it was building to something that just never happened. 2.5 

    Jack: Big swing, no ding. 

    Meshell: Sorry to say that I’m ready to fall asleep right now…but getting Future on your track is a smart move, now every fuckwit in Adidas Superstars and a Thrills t-shirt is going to think you’re a trap god. 

    Average score: 2.7/5

    Tokimonsta
    Giving Up (Feat. Johnny Pierce)

    [soundcloud width=”750″ height=”200″]https://soundcloud.com/tokimonsta/giving-up-feat-jonny-pierce[/soundcloud]

    Zanda: If this song was a drink; it would be a long island iced tea. There are a whole lot of elements here that work together so well, but there’s nothing soft about what you’re drinking. Each part is just as important as what together they create. 4

    Sam: At different points in my life I’ve wanted to be The Drums and Tokimonsta so this pairing is obviously right up my alley. The Drums were more of a circa 2010 thing for me but Tokimonsta is very much the sound of the future so she’s able to bring Johnny Pierce into 2016. This doesn’t hit as hard as the Anderson Paak-featuring Put It Down but it brings a haunting vibe that circles the ears nicely, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs. 3.5 

    Annie: The pairing of Tokimonsta and Johnny Pierce was a great one, their combined talents make this track one of Tokimonsta’s best so far, music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs. It’s pretty easy going, never reaching so far as to go over the top, but it really works. As a SoundCloud user stated, ‘this some magical shit’. 3.5

    Jack: Hello, it’s me the guy who hates everything. I was wondering if you were all wondering if I’d end up liking something. This is it, this is great, fuck yes. A beat that kicks in music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs takes you tumbling through your head and into a dancefloor, vocals put in their place nicely and a thought-provoking arrangement. Its 2016, this is living, Barry. 4 Jack’s pick

    Meshell: A GOOD SONG! A GOOD SONG! Good to know those are still getting made. This is a clever and unexpected pairing. The piano is gorgeous and the choice of instrumentation in the chorus is charming and everything I love about Tokimonsta. 4 Meshell’s pick 

    Average score: 3.8/5 

    All Saints
    One Strike

    Zanda: If this song was a drink; it would be a smooth, dry white wine. Relatively inoffensive on the palate but not a whole lot else to back up the soft exterior taste. 2.5

    Sam: For a group that really only have about three songs that I’ve circulated, it’s interesting that I still really care about All Saints. I think I’ll be forever paying them appreciation for adding a minute long monologue to the beginning of a pop song and that’s why I was really excited about them coming back. The best thing is, they’re not reuniting to join some ‘90s tour with 5ive and Bewitched, they’re actually making good tunes that sound like 2016 but also sound like All Saints. The harmonies are on point here, the vibe is Pure Shores and they don’t look a day past twenty.

    Annie: I’m pretty sure the last song I heard from All Saints was on a Total Girl CD back when I was 9. I probably appreciated them more back then, this song isn’t really doing anything for me. Kudos to them for making music Mixer Archives - Malik Softs track that sounds more legitimate than a reprise of their old 90’s sound, but there’s still nothing too memorable here past the point of listening. 2.5 

    Jack: I’ll “never ever” be listening to this again. 1

    Meshell: I’m glaring at my computer screen cursing a certain somebody I know would have made sure this got a spot on the First Impressions list because it’s 2016 and there is no place for All Saints in my musical spectrum. Frankly I’m offended by the blatant attempt to rebrand as some sort of Haim rip off…and that’s coming from somebody who doesn’t even like Haim. 0.5 

    Average score: 2.1/5 

    Now time for your vote: 

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